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An Irish Quaker's Certificate of Removal to Pennsylvania. 1729 

Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

into Pennsylvania 


Mitb ^bcir EarlB IfJiatorv? in HrelanC* 



Member of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania 

"There is not one of the family but what likes the country very well and 
wod If we were in Ireland again come here Directly it being the best country 
for working folk & tradesmen of any in the world, but for Drunkards and 
Idlers, they cannot live well any \v\\^v&."—L€tter 0/ an Irish Quaker, ijzs- 




Copvri(;ht, 1901 

All Jiights Reserved 

rf 2 r- 

Printed from type ; edition limited 






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3fo!)n C anS :§)aral) 31. iRptro 

(Ct)is 'i2Boolt IS 

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This volume is the outerowth of an iiivestiwa- 
tion begun in the year 1897, ^'i*^ carried on at 
intervals to the present time. While the move- 
ment of the Encrlish and Welsh Quakers to 
Pennsylvania has been treated to some extent by 
historians, that of the Irish Quakers has been 
overlooked, and it was with the hope of filling, in 
a measure, this deficiency that the present work 
was undertaken. 

It has been my endeavor to give a plain, orderly 
presentation of the facts, without embellishment ; 
and I have deemed it of greater interest to let the 
contemporary records, as much as possible, tell 
their own story. The inequality of treatment in 
portions of the book is due partly to variation in 
the materials ; at one point they are abundant and 
at another scanty. In Part I., I have attempted 
only an outline of the early history of the Quakers 
in Ireland ; the full history is yet to be written. 
An abundance of material for such a study lies 
buried in the manuscript records of the Society in 
Ireland, and it is to be hoped that some one will 
be sufficiently interested to prepare a thorough 
and systematic treatise upon the subject. The 
propriety of introducing so much genealogical 
matter in the Appendix may be open to question, 
but I find justification in the belief that this ma- 

vi Preface 

terial will have a special interest for many of Irish 
Quaker ancestry. 

While I have endeavored to be careful and 
painstaking, yet by the very nature of tliis work, 
drawn as it is from many sources, errors and 
omissions are likely to occur ; and I shall be very 
glad to receive corrections, so that they may be 
noted in a standard copy of the book to be placed 
in the collection of the Historical Society of Penn- 
sylvania, or incorporated in a possible future 
edition of the work. 

I desire to express my grateful appreciation of 
the kindness of the many persons who have as- 
sisted me in various ways in connection with this 
work ; especially would I mention Professors Wil- 
liam I. Hull and John Russell Hayes, of Swarthmore 
College, to whom I have been indebted through- 
out for helpful criticism and kind encouragement. 
In no less de<jree am I under obliration to Gilbert 
Cope, of West Chester, Pa., for valuable sugges- 
tions and for material from his unrivaled private 
collection of manuscripts relating to the early 
history of Chester County. 

My thanks are also due to Howard M. Jenkins, 
of Philadelphia ; to Professor Arthur Beardsley, 
Librarian of I'riends' Historical Library of .Swarth- 
more College; to John W. Jordan, A.M., and the 
other courteous officials of the Historical Society 
of Pennsylvania ; to Professor John Bach Mc- 
Master. of the University of Pennsylvania ; to 

Preface vii 

Hon. Samuel W. Pennypacker, of Philadelphia ; 
to Dr. Henry C. McCook, of Philadelphia ; to 
President Isaac Sharpless, of Haverford College ; 
to Dr. Joseph S. Walton, of George School, Pa.; 
to Dr. John A. M. Passmore, of Philadelphia ; to 
the late Charles Roberts, of Philadelphia ; to 
Thomas Hamilton Murray, of Woonsocket, R. I., 
Secretary-General of the American-Irish Historical 
Society (for a copy of his paper " Early Irish 
Friends in Rhode Island"); to Warren S. Ely, of 
Doylestown, Pa.; to Ellwood Roberts, of Nor- 
ristown, Pa.; to Edward H. Ogden, of Philadel- 
phia ; to Thomas Maxwell Potts, of Canons- 
bure. Pa.; and to custodians of Friends' records, 
in particular, George J. Scattergood, John H. 
Dillingham, Alfred Moore, Benjamin Walton and 
the late Joseph M. Truman, Jr., of Philadelphia, 
the late Ellwood Michener, of Toughkenamon, Pa., 
Truman C. Moore and wife, of West Grove, Pa., 
Lewis Palmer, of Concordville, Pa., Charles Pal- 
mer, of Chester, Pa., Henry Mendenhall, of Media, 
Pa., Morgan Bunting, of Darby, Pa., William 
Woodman, of Buckmanville, Pa., and Kirk Brown, 
of Baltimore, Md. 

Nor must I neglect to make acknowledgment 
of the many courtesies extended to me in the 
course of my researches in England and Ireland 
during the summer of 1900. At the British Mu- 
seum and at the Bodleian Library I received kind 
attention. To Isaac Sharp, Secretary of the Soci- 

viii Preface 

ety of Friends, I owe thanks for his kindness in 
o-ivino- me access to the areat collection of Friends' 
books at Devonshire House, Bishopsgate Street, 
Without, London. 

In an especial measure do I wish to express 
my appreciation of the kind interest and generous 
hospitality accorded me in Ireland. I am indebted 
to William Moore, K.C., M.P., of Moore Lodge, 
County Antrim, who received me most cordially 
at his pleasant seat, and in every way possible 
befriended my investigations ; to John Pim, J. P., 
of Belfast, who freely opened to me his rich stores 
of notes on the early Friends of Ireland ; to Jane M. 
Richardson, of Moyallon House, Gilford, County 
Down, author of Six Getierations of Friends in 
Ireland, for kindly reception and valued criticism 
upon parts of my manuscript ; to William D. 
Braithwaite, Head Master, Joseph Radley, formerly 
Head Master, and Frederic Bell, Secretary, of Ul- 
ster Provincial School, Lisburn, for much courtesy 
and valuable information ; to John Bewley Beale, 
for opportunity to examine the Friends' records in 
the Meeting House in Eustace Street, Dublin ; and 
to Henry F. Berry, M.A., of the Public Record 
Office, Dublin, for permission to search the records 
in his care. I also received kindly attention in 
Paris at the Bibliotheque Nationale. 

Albert Cook Myers 





The Planting of Quakerism in Ireland 3-37 


The Rise of Quakerism in England 3-6 

State of England in the Middle of the Seventeenth 

Century 3 

Beginnings of Quakerism 3-6 

George Fox 3-5 

His Work and Followers 5-6 


The Cromwellian Settlement of Ireland 7-12 

The Plantations 7-8 

The Great Rebellion of 1641 8-9 

Cromwell in Ireland 9-10 

The Settlement 10-12 


The Beginnings of Quakerism in Ireland 13-31 

William Edmundson 13-16 

In England 13-14 

Settles in Ireland 15 

Becomes a Quaker 15-16 

The First Meeting in Ireland, 1654 16 

The Travelling Ministers and their Work 16-25 

The First Ministers Arrive 16 

Ulster in 1655 16-19 

Richard Clayton's Visit 17-18 

Anne Gould and Juliann Wastwood 18-19 

Edmundson Bears a Testimony Against Tithes 19 

X Contents 


Leinster and Munster in 1655 I9~2$ 

Elizabeth Fletcher and Elizabeth Smith 19-20 

Francis How-gill 20-24 

Edward Burroiigh, " A Son of Thunder " 21-24 

Cromwell's Cornet of Horse Becomes a Quaker 21 

Howgill and Burrough Banished 24 

Barbara Blaugden Arrives 24 

The Restoration of Charles II. and the Organiza- 
tion of Quakerism 25-28 

The Restoration 25 

Persecutions 26 

Edmundson Secures Release of Friends from 

Prison 26-27 

Thomas Loe Converts William Penn, 1666 27 

Organization 27-28 

Troubles Under James II. and William III 28-31 

Tyrconnel 28 

Terror of Protestants 28 

The Friends 28 

The Revolution of 1689 29-30 

After Battle of the Boy ne 30 

William Edmundson' s Sufferings 30-31 

Edmundson's Death 31 


Racial Origin of the Friends of Ireland 32-37 

The Celtic- Irish 32-35 

The Scotch-Irish 35-36 

The Anglo-Irish 36-37 

The Migration of Irish Friends to Pennsyl- 
vania 41-102 


Causes of Emigration 41-49 

Introductory 41-42 

Contents xi 


Religious Causes 43-46 

Acts of Uniformity 43 

Tithes and Other Ecclesiastical Dues 43 

Oaths 44-45 

Lawlessness of the Irish Catholics 45-46 

Economic Causes 46-49 

Restriction on Manufacture and Commerce 46-47 

High Rents 47-48 

Failure of Crops and Famine 48-49 

Inducements that Led the Irish Friends to Immi- 
grate INTO Pennsylvania 50-80 

William Penn and his Colony 50-52 

His Charter 50-51 

His Scheme of Colonization 51 

Constitution and Laws 51 

Growth of the Colony 52 

Penn's Invitation 52-55 

His Personal Influence 53-54 

Descriptive Pamphlets 54 

Activity of the Free Society of Traders 54-55 

Favorable Reports Returned to Ireland 5 5-80 

By the Traveling Ministers and Others 56 

Ann Millcum's Certificate 56-57 

Nicholas Newlin's Certificate 57-59 

Ministers Traveling in Ireland Tell of Penn- 
sylvania 59 

Friends Return to Ireland for Short Visits 60 

Favorable Reports by Letters 60-80 

George Harlan's Letter, 1696 62-63 

Thomas Hutton's Letters, 1726-1734 64-67 

John Carpenter's Visit to Ireland, 1755 67-68 

Robert Parke's Letter, 1725 69 

The Parke Family Emigrate 69-70 

Parke's Letter 70-79 

xii Contents 


False Reports 71 

A Good Country for Working Folk 71 

Purchase of Land 71 

Cultivating the Land 72 

Good Crops 73 

Prices for Farm Products 73 

Country Abounds in Fruit 74 

Laborers' Wages 74 

Climate 74 

Dress 74 

Markets and Fairs 74 

What to Bring to Pennsylvania 76 

How to Come 77 


Places in Ireland Whence the Friends Came.... 81-82 

Statistical Table 82 


Waves of Migration 83 

First Wave, 1682-1710 83 

Second Wave, 1710-1730 83 

Third Wave, 1730-1750 83 


Ways and Means of Migration 84-102 

The Certificate of Removal 84-89 

Certificate of Joshua Marsh 85-89 

Places of Embarking and Landing 89 

Obstructions to Emigration 89-92 

Dangers of Voyage 92-93 

Robert Parke's Diary of a Voyage from Ireland, 

1728 93-94 

A Favorite Vessel 94-95 

Immigrants Assisted by Meetings 95-98 

Emigrants Assisted by Meetings in Ireland 98 

Contents xiii 


Cost of Passage 98-99 

Redemptioners 99-102 

Robert Turner's Redemptioners 101-102 

James Logan's Runaway Servant 102 


The Irish Friends in Pennsylvania 105-127 


Places of Settlement 105-185 

Distribution of the Irish Friends 105-106 

Statistical Table 106 

Philadelphia 1 07- 1 09 

First Meeting at Shackamaxon 107 

Bank Meeting House 107 

Center Square Meeting House 108 

Great Meeting House 108 

Bucks County 1 09 

Montgomery County 109 

Berks County 109-110 

Delaware County i lo-i 18 

Chester Monthly Meeting 1 1 o- 1 1 6 

First Meeting in Pennsylvania at Upland, 1675 iio-ili 

Arrival of William Penn, 1682 111-113 

Irish Friends on Board the Welcome in 

First Meeting House at Chester, 1693 113 

Monthly Meeting Established, 1681 113-115 

Concord Monthly Meeting 1 1 6- 1 1 8 

Chichester Meeting 116 

Concord Meeting 116-117 

Birmingham Meeting 117 

The Monthly Meeting Established, 1684 117-118 

Meetings in New Castle County on Delaware 118-124 

Newark Meeting 11S-120 

New Castle Meeting 120-121 

Hockessin Meeting 121 

xiv Contents 

Wilmington Meeting I2I 

Center Meeting 122- 

Chester County 124- 

Newark or Kennett Monthly Meeting '25- 

Kennett Meeting 

Manor of Steyning or Letitia's Manor 127- 

Kennett Township 128- 

New Garden Township 130- 

New Garden Meeting 136- 

New Garden Monthly Meeting, Erected 1718 138- 

London Grove Township '39- 

London Company '39- 

London Grove Meeting 

Marlborough Township 143- 

Joseph Pennock 144- 

Joseph Pennock's Letter, 1725 '45- 

Newlin Township Owned by an Irish Quaker '47- 

Newlin's Difficulty with the Indians 147- 

Pikeland Township Granted to Joseph Pike, an Irish 

Friend, of Cork, '5°- 

The Great Valley '5^- 

Caln Meeting '52- 

East Cain Township '53- 

Coatesville Named for an Irish Quaker 

Phoenixville First Settled by Irish Quakers 154- 

East Nantmeal Township '55- 

Nottingham 156- 

Lancaster County '59- 

Sadsbury Meeting 

Leacock Meeting 161- 

Sadsbury Monthly Meeting 

York and Adams Counties 162- 

Newberry Meeting 163- 

Warrington Meeting 168- 

Huntington Meeting '72- 

Menallen Meeting '73- 











Contents xv 


York Meeting 176 177 

Expansion of Pennsylvania Quakerism 177-185 

Southward 1 77-1 79 

Westward 180-185 


Social Life of the Irish Friends 186-236 


Irish Friends Well Adapted for Pioneer Life... 186-187 
Mostly of English Stock but Modified by Irish 

Environment 187-188 

The Arrival 188 

Hospitality of Old Settlers 188 

Small Capital of Immigrants 188 

Household Goods Brought from Ireland 188 

Temporary Home Near Landing Place 188 

The Settlement 188-190 

Selection of Land Affected by Ties of Kin and 

Friendship 188-189 

Journey to New Home 189-190 

Clearing the Land 190 

House Building 1 90-1 93 

The Clapboard House 190-192 

The Log House 192-193 

Equipment of House and Farm 1 93-202 

The Hearth 193 

Inventories 1 9 5-204 

John Lowden's Goods, 1714 195-196 

John Miller's Inventory 196-197 

A New Garden Dinner Table. 1714 197-198 

Outfit of Farm 198 

John Fred's Inventory, 1720 198-199 

The Warming-pan 199 

Redemptioners 1 99 

James Lindley's Estate, 1726 200-201 

The "Grandfather" Clock 201 

George McMillan's Clock 201-202 

xvi Conte7its 


Dress 202-205 

Work on the Farm 205-206 

Markets and Fairs 206-207 

Wild Animals 207-208 

A Bear Story 208 

Social Intercourse 208-222 

Weddings 209-215 

The Marriage Certificate 210-211 

Courtship 215-216 

Funerals 216-217 

Physicians' Charges 217 

Meetings for Worship 217-220 

Business Meetings 220-222 

Quarterly Meeting 220-221 

Yearly Meeting 221 

Monthly Meeting 221-222 

Meeting Discipline 222-233 

Card-playing and Dancing 222-223 

Drinking 223-227 

Disorderly Conduct., 227-228 

Care of Indented Servants 228 

Case of Lowden versus Smith 228-231 

Military Service 231-233 

Revolutionary Taxes and Fines 233 

George McMillan's Fines 233-235 

Schools and Books 235-236 


Some Prominent Irish Friends 237-276 

James Logan 237-247 

His Autobiography 238-240 

Ancestry 238 

Education and Apprenticeship 238 

Family Flees to Scotland, 1689 238 

His Father Teaches Friends' School at Bristol.. 238-239 
His Father Returns to Ireland and Leaves Him 

in Charge of School, 1693 239 

Contents xvii 


Studies Mathematics and the Languages 239 

Engages in Shipping, 1697 240 

Becomes Penn's Secretary, 1699 240 

Comes to Pennsylvania 240 

Public Life 240-243 

Governor of Pennsylvania 241 

Leader of Proprietary Party 241-242 

Relations with the Indians 242-243 

Literary Pursuits 243- 24 5 

Personal Appearance 245 

Unsuccessful Courtship 245-247 

Marriage 247 

Death 247 

Thomas Holme 247-2 56 

In Ireland > 248-252 

Commissioned Surveyor-General of Pennsyl- 
vania 251-252 

Sails for the Province 252-253 

Lays out Philadelphia 253-254 

Holme's Map of Pennsylvania 254 

Work of the Surveyor-General 254-255 

Member of the Provincial Council 255 

Acts as Governor of the Province 256 

Places of Residence 256 

Robert Turner 2 5 7-262 

Thomas Griffitts 262-263 

Robert Strettell 263-267 

William Stockdale 267-271 

Nicholas Newlin 271-273 

Nathaniel Newlin 273 

Lydia Darragh 273-274 

Contribution of the Irish Quakers 274-276 

APPENDIX 277-433 


INDEX 445 



An Irish Quaker's Certificate of Removal to Pennsylva- 
nia, 1729 Frontispiece. 

Brought to Newark or Kennett Monthly Meeting, Chester 
County, by the bearer, Olivia McCooI. From original MS. in 
collection of Gilbert Cope, of West Chester, Pennsylvania. 

Autograph Initials of George Fox 3 

In text. 

George Fox 4 

From original painting by Sir Peter Lely, in Friends' Histori- 
cal Library of Swarthmore College, Pennsylvania. 

Fox's Grave in Bunhill Fields, London 4 

Autograph of Willia.m Edmundson 13 

In text. 
Lurgan Friends' Meeting House, Ireland, Built 1696, Taken 

Down 1889 i6 

Autograph of Francis Howgill 20 

In text. 

Autograph of Edward Burrough 21 

In text. 

Swarthmore Hall 23 

In text. Plate by courtesy of Professor John Russell Hayes, 
of Swarthmore College, author of Swarthmore Idylls. 

William Penn : Armour Portrait 27 

From original painting in the collection of the Historical So- 
ciety of Pennsylvania. 
Grange Meeting House, near Charlemont, County Armagh, 

Irel.\nd, Built About 1750 36 

The regular Friends' meetings are no longer held in this build- 
ing but in a modem meeting-house near by. In early days this 
meeting was called Grange near Charlemont, but now it is known 
as Grange near Moy, or Dungannon, County Tyrone. 

By deed of September 9, 1755, Lord Charlemont leased the 
burial ground and meeting-house land near Charlemont to 
William Greeves and T. Greer, evidently in trust for the Society 
of Friends. 
Autograph of Thomas Holme 44 

In text. 


XX List of Illnsti'ations 


Samuel Stalliard's Certificate ok Removal from Ireland 

TO Pennsylvania, 1749 44 

Brought to Newark or Kennett Monthly Meeting, Chester 
County. From original MS. in collection of Gilbert Cope, of 
West Chester, Pennsylvania. 

William Penn : Bevan Carving 50 

After engraving by John Hall, London, 1773, of the drawing 
(1770) by Du Simitiere, of the ivory bust in alto relievo (from 
memory), by Sylvanus Bevau. 

AtrroGRAPH OF Robert Turner 55 

In text. 

Autograph of Nicholas Newlin 57 

In text. 
Thomas Penn, Son of William Penn and Governor of Pennsyl- 
vania 58 

From the painting in the collection of the Historical Society of 
Pennsylvania. Copy of the original, by Peter Van Dyck, 1750, 
in the possession of the Earl of Ranfurly at Dungannon Park, 
County TjTone, Ireland. 
Autographs of Henry Hollingsworth and Thomas Lightfoot. 60 
In text. 

Autograph of Valentine Hollingsworth 62 

In text. 

Autograph of George Harlan 63 

In text. 

Autograph of Thomas Hutton 65 

In text. 

Autographs of Robert and Thomas Park 69 

In text. 
Ckrtiucate of Removal Brought to Pennsylnania by George 

Marsh, an Irish Friend, in 1728 84 

Received by Newark or Kennett Monthly Meeting, Chester 
County, 7 Mo. 6, 1729. Original in collection of Gilbert Cope, 
of West Chester, Pennsylvania. 

Autograph of Joshua Marsh 87 

In text. 
Thomas Fairman's Mansion and Penn Treaty Elm, at Shacka- 

MAXON, NOW Kensington, Philadelphia io6 

Bank Meeting House, Philadelphia, 16S5-1789 106 

Great Meeting House and Old Court House, Philadelphia.... 108 
Plate by courtesy of Robert C. Moon, M.D., of Philadelphia, 
compiler of The Morris Family of Philadelphia. 

List of Ilhistrations xxi 


Penn Memorial Stone at Chester, Marking Landing Place 

OF William Penn, 1682 112 

In text. 
First Meeting House of Friends at Chester, Built 1693.... 114 

In text. 
Birmingham Meeting House, Chester County, Built 1763... 117 

Used as a hospital. Battle of Brandywine, 1777. 
Autograph of Alphonsus Kirk 112 

In text. 
Center Meeting House, New Castle County, Delaware, 

Built 1795 122 

Autograph of Christopher Wilson 124 

In text. 
Autograph of Thomas Carleton 126 

In text. 
Kennett Meeting House, Near Hamorton, Chester County, 

Built 1710, Enlarged 1719 and 1731 126 

Autograph of Gayen Miller 128 

In text. 
Map of New Garden Township, Chester County, from an 

OLD Draught 134 

In text. 
Autograph of Thomas Milhous 134 

In text. 
Autograph of Simon Hadly 135 

In text. 
New Garden Meeting House, Chester County, South End 

Built 1743, North End 1790 136 

From photograph, 1901. 
Kew Garden Meeting House, Chester County 138 

From a drawing by Ell wood Michener, 1850. 

In text. 
Autograph of John Allen 141 

In text. 
London Grove Meeting House, Chester County 142 

Built probably 1743 and enlarged 1775 and 1818. 
Autograph of Nathaniel Newlin 147 

In text. 
Map of Newlin Township, Chester County, 1730 149 

In text. 

xxii List of Illustrations 


UwcHLAN Meeting House, Chester County, Built 1756 157 

In text. 
Sadsbury Meeting House, Lancaster County, East View With 

Burial Ground.. 161 

Plate by courtesy of John A. M. Passmore, Ph.D., compiler of 
Andrew Moon and His Discfndanls. 
Warrington Friends' Meeting House, near Wellsville, York 

County, 1901 168 

Showing south end, built 1769. North end, built 1782 

Autograph of George McMillan 201 

In text. 
Grace Church Street Friends' Meeting London, About 1750.. 202 

Burlington Meeting House, New Jersey, 16S3-1787 202 

Abington Friends' Meeting House, Built 1698, East End 

Added 1756 and West End, 1757 218 

From drawing made by Robert .'^utcliff, an English Friend, in 
1S06, and reproduced at page 265 in his Travels in Some Parts of 
North America, published at York, England, in 181 1. See The 
Early History of Abington Meeting House, a small pamphlet, by 
William J. Buck, the local historian, of Jenkintown, Pennsyl- 
vania (since deceased), published in 1899. Plate by courtesy of 
his heirs. 
James Logan, the Irish Quaker Governor of Pennsylvania. 237 

Autograph of James Logan 237 

In text. 
Stenton, Home of James Logan, Near Germantown, Phila- 
delphia, Built 1728 242 

Plate by courtesy of Messrs. George W. Jacobs and Company, 
of Philadelphia, publishers of Conrad Weiser and the Indian Policy 
of Colonial Pennsylvania, by Joseph S. Walton, Ph.D. 
Friends' Meeting and Academy, Fourth Street, Below 

Chestnut, Philadelphia, 1789 254 

Cherry Street Meeting House, Philadelphia 254 

Old View of Merion Meeting House, Montgomery County, 

Built 1695 262 

Middletown Meeting House, Delaware County, Built About 

1770 272 

Springfield Meeting House, Delaware County, Built 1738, 

Taken Down 1850 272 

From a drawing by John Sartain, 1837. 






HE period of the Civil War and Common- state of Eng- 
wealth in England was one of contro- !^°fj!°*f^^ 

o Middle 01 the 

versy and upheaval. The introduction of seventeenth 
the Bible into every cottage of the land had ^^ "^ 
set the people to thinking, and they gave them- 
selves up to the consideration of questions of 
civil and religious liberty and to the solution of 
the great problems of life and death. Puritanism 
became a mighty power, and in the middle of the 
seventeenth century it arose in all its strength 
and freed the nation from the yoke of Episcopacy 
and from the tyranny of Charles I. Under the 
Commonwealth and Cromwell toleration existed in 
some measure, and there was greater opportunity 
than formerly for the development of such sects as 
that of the Society of Friends or so-called Quakers. 

The histor)' of the early years Beginnings of 

of the Society of Friends is the Q"^''^"^" 

histor)' of its great leader and 

founder. George Fox (1624-169 1) 

was born at Drayton-in-the-Clay, now known as 

Fenny Drayton, Leicestershire, England, in 1624. 

He says, "My father's name was Christopher Fox ; 

4 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

George Fox }^g ^^^g •\^y profcssion a weaver, an honest man. 
. . . The neighbors called him Riq-hteous Chri- 
star. My mother was an honest woman ; her 
maiden name was Mary Lago, of the family of the 
Lagos and of the stock of the martyrs."' At an 
early age Fox had a " gravity' and stayedness of 
mind not usual in children,"' and as he grew up, 
under good home influences, he came to know 
" pureness and righteousness " ;' so truthful and so 
determined was he the that it was a saying among 
his associates, "If George says ' Verily' there's 
no altering him."- 

In 1643, as a youth of nineteen, "graceful . . .in 
countenance," stalwart and "manly in personage,"^ 
and with a bright piercing eye he left his home, 
and spent the next five years wandering from sect 
to sect,weighing and considering the religious opin- 
ions which obtained in that seething and fervid 
time ; but with all his seeking he seemed unable 
to find anything that appealed to his spiritual con- 
dition. Finally, after much conflict of spirit, he 
became convinced that the true source of religious 
comfort and consolation is the "Inner Light," the 
voice of God speaking directly to each human 
soul without the aid of any earthly mediator. 
With this idea as the basis of his religious sys- 
tem, George Fox developed those doctrines and 

"^Journal, I. 

^ Ibid., 2. 

'Thomas Ellwood's testimony in Fox' sjourtta/. 

George Fox 

From Officinal Painting Br Silt Peter Lelv, at Swarthmore College 

Foxs Grave in Bunhill Fields. London 

Tlie Rise of Quakerism in England 5 

practices peculiar to the Society of Friends and 
felt himself divinely called to proclaim this mes- 
sage to the world. 

In 1647 and 164S, amid the conflictino- ideas of ^'^ ^^°'''^ 

^' ^ "^ . and 

the time, he began to preach, and went forth with Followers 
all the ardor of a youthful knight of the Crusades, 
sans peur et sans reprochc, spreading his new doc- 
trine of the " Divine Lioht" throucrh the towns 
and shires of England. He appealed to judges 
and justices to give righteous judgments, and to 
inn-keepers to be moderate in the sale of drink. 
He petitioned Parliament against allowing more 
inns than were needful for travelers. He raised 
his voice against wakes, feasts, sports, and plays. 
He went to fairs and markets urging men to deal 
justly and to speak the truth. He went into the 
"steeple houses" and openly testified against a 
" hireling ministry " and formalism of worship, the 
churches in which he spoke being usually those 
belonging to the Independents, who allowed dis- 
cussion after the sermon. For these and other 
peculiar testimonies, so foreign to the ideas of the 
time, he was subjected to the most severe and 
cruel persecution ; but not even years of confine- 
ment in dark and loathsome dungeons could 
restrain his dauntless spirit. 

The first years of his ministry were spent chiefly 
in the midland counties, where he found but few 
assistants in his missionary work, but when he 

6 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

reached the northern counties many were con- 
vinced, and by 1654 he had organized a band of 
sixty traveling- ministers, who had caught his 
spirit and who had began to preach his doctrines. 
This zealous missionary band of young si^irits — 
yeomen, tradesmen, gentlemen — went up and 
down the land carr^-ing the message of Quakerism 
with such power and courage that thousands 
llocked to their standard, and by the end of the 
century, 60,000 Quakers were numbered in Eng- 

■ Brown in Traill's Social England, IV., 25S-9. 



DURING the relq-n of Oueen Mary, there The 
, , r '^ , r • 1 Plantations 

had been adopted, for the first time, the 

plan of clearing off the native tribes of 
Irish from whole districts of Ireland, by expul- 
sion or extermination, to make room for Eng- 
lish and Scotch setders. But the natives re- 
sisted and defended their homes with despera- 
tion ; and from the beginning the settlers had 
to fight for their newly acquired possessions, 
aided, however, in their work of extermination by 
Government forces. During the twent>' years 
from 1556 to 1576, plantations were attempted 
in the present Queen's County and County An- 
trim ; but though the planters committed fright- 
ful atrocities, both attempts in a great measure 

By far the most successful of all the plantations 
was that made by James I., who confiscated six 
counties of the Province of Ulster, and then 
poured in English and Scotch colonists, giving the 
natives only the poorest land to live on.- The 

1 Joyce in TraiU, \U., ^li. 
^Ibid., IV., 19S ; Gardiner, 484. 

8 Immigration of tlic Irish Quakers 

new settlers were an industrious class of farmers, 
mechanics, weavers, and laborers ; ' and soon 
farms, homesteads, churches, and mills rose amidst 
the desolate wilds. " The foundations of the econo- 
mic prosperity which has raised Ulster high above 
the rest of Ireland in wealth and in intelligence 
were undoubtedly laid in the confiscations of 
1610." " This confiscation met with no opposition 
at the time from the evicted Irish, who sullenly with- 
drew to the lands which had been left to them.- 
The "earth tillers," the lowest class, however, in 
this, as in the other plantations, were spared and 
allowed to live in peace, scattered among the colo- 
nists.^ Further confiscations were made in the 
Province of Leinster, under James; and Charles 
I. and his agent, Strafford, continued the work."* 
These confiscations and plantations were carried 
on for about a century and a half, and were the 
chief cause of the great rebellion of 1641.'^ 
TheGreat After the departure of Strafford from Ireland in 
1640, the natives all over the county were in a 
state of dangerous exasperation, due partly to the 
spread of the plantation system and partly to the 
measures taken to suppress the Catholic religion.* 

^ Froude, I., 76. 

« Grren, 458. 

^FrouJe, I., 76. 

•Joyce in Traill, IV., I96-7. 

•/«</., III., 411. 

«/-5/W., IV.,339. 

Rebellion of 

The Crovnvelliaii Settlement of Ireland 9 

The disbanded soldiers of the army that Straftbrd 
had raised, spread over the country, and blew the 
smouldering disaffection into a flame. A conspir- 
acy, organized with wonderful power and secrecy 
by the Irish, broke forth in Ulster, and spread like 
wildfire over the center and west of the Island. 
Dublin was saved by a mere chance ; but in the 
open country the work of murder went on un- 
checked. Great numbers of the settlers were 
butchered by die Irish, and die most dreadful out- 
rages were perpetrated.^ The estimates of those 
who were slain var)- all the way from 50,000 to 
200,000. The real number was probably less 
than 5,000.'- \\\ England a cry for bitter vengeance 
arose, but, the Civil War breaking out, the troops 
were detained for home service, and eight stirring 
years, which witnessed the fall of the Monarchy 
and the rise of the Commonwealth, had passed 
before active measures could be taken for the sub- 
jugation of Ireland.^ 

Meanwhile, the turn of e\ents in Ireland had Cromweiiin 
brought the Irish Catholics and the Royalists into 
power, and to subdue them the Parliament of the 
Commonwealth sent over Cromwell as Lord Lieu- 
tenant, in 1649, to reduce the country to obedi- 
ence. " We are come," said Cromwell on landing 

' Gnin, 541. 
2 Chunh, 139. 
'Frotuit-, I., 126-7. 

I o Immigratiott of the Irish Quakers 

at Dublin with his "New Model," "to ask an ac- 
count of the innocent blood that hath been shed, 
and to endeavour to bring to an account all who 
by appearing in arms shall justify the same." ' 
From Dublin he marched to Drogheda, and the 
storminof and taking- of that stronghold was the first 
of a series of awful massacres. This was followed 
by the terrible slaughter of Wexford. The fate 
of these two towns produced such terror that 
town after town surrendered. Finally, in the 
spring of 1650, seeing the island almost subdued, 
Cromwell sailed for England, leaving Ireton, his 
son-in-law, to finish the war. Ireton and his suc- 
cessor, Ludlow, followed up the work with savage 
effectiveness, and by 1652 the conquest of the 
country was complete.* 

In 1642, just after the rebellion, the English 
Parliament confiscated between two and three 
million acres of Irish soil. Debenture bonds were 
issued, payable in land when the country should 
be re-conquered. Bonds for a million acres had 
been taken up, and money had been raised on 
them for the payment of troops sent to Ireland pre- 
vious to Cromwell's arrival. Similar debentures 
were issued afterwards for Cromwell's own army, 
though not thrown on the market like the first, 
but given to the soldiers in lieu of their pay ; and 

' Green, 575. 

^ Ibid., 574-6; Gardiner, 562-3; Joyce in Traill, IV., 341-2. 

The Cromwelliaii SettlemeJit of Ireland 1 1 

now that the Island was subdued, the time had 
come when all these eno-ag-ements were to be 
redeemed.^ To accomplish this end, to prevent the 
intermixture of the Teutonic and Celtic races, which 
had been a result of the previous plantations, and 
to remove all cause for future Irish rebellions, Par- 
liament, in 1652, passed an act to dispossess the 
Irish landholders. The whole of the population 
of the three provinces of Ulster, Leinster, and 
Munster, except the poorer sort — small farmers, 
tradesmen laborers, etc. — were ordered to trans- 
port themselves across the River Shannon into the 
Province of Connaught, where they were to be 
given small allotments of grround that had been 
left waste. The exodus, for the most part of the 
middle and upper class, across the Shannon, went 
on from 1652 to 1654. Later, however, many of 
the exiles returned to their old homes, forming 
bands of outlaws or " Rapparees,"- and from their 
lurking places in bogs, mountains, and forests, 
made the most cruel depredations on the colonists 
whenever opportunity offered. The lands vacated 
by the Irish gentry were given to Cromwell's 
officers and soldiers, and to other bondholders. 
Under the direction of the Lord Lieutenant, 
Henrjf Cromwell, son of Oliver, the great Crom- 
wellian plantation was begun. The soldiers were 

^ Froude, I., 146. 

2 An Irish word meaning an armed plunderer. 


Iinmioration of the Irish Quakers 

settled down regiment by regiment, troop by troop, 
company by company, almost on the lands they 
had conquered. Many of them, however, sold their 
lands to the incoming Protestant pioneers from 
England and Scotland. The Irish poor classes 
remained in their natural homes, as under-tenants, 
or farm servants to the settlers. The order and 
industry of the new owners soon changed the 
face of Ireland, and it began to wear a look of 
quiet and prosperity. -^ 

The Cromwellian Settlement, and the odier 
plantations which preceded it, bear the closest 
relation to our subject, for they virtually prepared 
the ground for the planting of Quakerism in the 
Island ; and it was from these Protestant planters 
and soldiers, almost entirely, that the first Quaker 
missionaries to Ireland drew their recuits. 

^ PrcnJergast ; Joyce in Traill, IV., 242-3; Fronds I., I16-150; 
Green, 589-90. 




HE founder and leader of Quakerism in wimam Ed- 
Ireland was William Edmundson (1627- """ ^°° 
1 71 2), one of Cromwell's soldiers. He was 
born at Little Muso-rave, in Westmoreland, Enor- 
land, in 1627, the son of John and Grace Ed- 
mundson. " My father," he says, "was well ac- 
counted among- men who knew him and relicrious 
^ in what he knew." 

'^ ii^S^\^^ ^^^0^^''^'^ — * His parents died while 

he was quite young, 
and he was bound an apprentice in York to learn 
the carpenter's trade. Then, he relates, "I went in England 
into the Parliaments' Army, and there continued 
part of the War betwixt the King and Parliament ; 
and when that was over, I went into Scotland 
under Oliver Cromwell in the year 1650." He 
was greatly influenced by the Puritan movement of 
the time, and during his apprenticeship and army 
life his mind was often exercised over religious 
questions. " Sometimes when I had been on Ser- 
vice most of the Day, and was lying down in my 
Tent at Night, then would arise in my Mind the 
eminent Dangers I had passed that Day, and the 


14 Itmnigration of the Irish Quakers 

narrow Escape my Life had, and what would be- 
come of my Soul, if I had fallen. 

In the Year 1651, the Scotch Army marched 
for England, we followed and engaged them at 
Worcester, and overthrew their Army." He was 
at the taking of the Isle of Man, then returned 
to England, and was quartered in Derbyshire, 
where at this time " the common Discourse of 
all Sorts of People was of the Quakers," but he 
did not have an opportunity of hearing any of them 
preach at this time. "After some Time spent in 
divers Exercises, we marched again for Scotland, 
at which Time I had a Charge of some Men for 
recruiting other Companies in Scotland, then left 
the Army, came back to England, and \isited my 
Relations in the North ; from thence rode in- 
to Derbyshire, and married a young woman, to 
whom I was contracted before.' After some time 
I was about to settle in Derbj'shire in the way of 
Shop-keeping, at which Time my Brother, [John] 
who was a soldier in Ireland, came into England 
to see his Relations and highly commending Ire- 
land, pursuaded me to go and live there, which I, 
with my wife, concluded to do."- 

' William Edmundson was first married to Margaret Stanford, of Bram- 
ley, Derbyshire, daughter of Thomas Stanford. She died in l6gl, at the 
house of hersonin-law, William Fayle, near Dublin, and William Edmund- 
son was married a second time, 10 Mo. I, 1697, to Mary Strangman, of 
Mountmellick Meeting. — Records in possesion of a descendant, Joshua Wil- 
liam Edmunsdon, of Dublin. 

'^Journal, 1-6. 

The Beginnmgs of Quakerism in Ireland 1 5 

Taking with him a stock of goods to commence seuu-s in 
a "Trade in Merchandise," William Edmundson, ^'''''""' 
his wife, and servant took shipping at \Miitehaven 
and landed at Dublin in i6s2. On learnine of 
his brother's arrival, John Edmundson came down 
from the north of the island, where his troop was 
then stationed, and transported William and his 
household to the town of Antrim. Here William 
rented a house and opened a shop, his brother 
living with him. Trade being then very brisk, 
the goods were soon disposed of, and in 1653 
William returned to England to renew his stock. 

On coming into the north of England, he says, 
" George Fox and James Naylor were in that 
country, James Naylor having a Meeting about 
three Miles from where I was, I went to it with 
my eldest brother, Thomas, and another Kinsman, 
having an earnest Desire to have Converse with 
some of that People, retaining a Love for and be- 
lieving well of them from the first hearing the Re- 
port of them, and I was glad of this Opportunit}', Becomes a 
and we were all three convinced of the Lord's " 
blessed Truth." Having accomplished his busi- 
ness in England, he returned to Ireland, and in 
the spring of 1654 removed with his family from 
Antrim to Lurgan, in the County of Armagh, 
where he kept a shop and took some land for 
grazing cattle. In his new home the use of the 
plain language, the keeping on of his hat, and 

1 6 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

The First 
Meeting in 
Ireland, i6s4 

rhe Traveling 
Ministers and 
rheir Work 

The First 
A rrive 

Ulster in 16^5 

the Other peculiar Quaker customs which he had 
adopted since his convincement, were the cause 
of much wonder and offence to his neighbors, and 
socially and in his business relations he was sub- 
jected to much vexation and discomfort. 

His wife and brother had been convinced of the 
principles of Friends shortly after his journey to 
England and they all now met together in a meet- 
ing twice a week at his house. He says, "In a 
while after four more were convinced ; then we 
were seven that met together to wait upon God, 
and to worship Him in Spirit and Truth." Thus 
in the year 1654, at Lurgan was established the 
first meeting of Friends in Ireland.^ 

Now came a period of earnest and zealous 
proselyting on the part of missionaries from Eng- 
land. The first of the ministers to arrive were 
Miles Halhead, James Lancaster, and Miles Bate- 
man, who came over from England in the early 
part of 1654, and made a short tour from town to 
town through the Island, preaching to the people, 
to magistrates, and to officers of the army. Having 
convinced many of the truth of their principles, 
they went into the north and took shipping at Bel- 
fast for England.- 

The next year was an important one in the his- 
tory of the Society of Friends in Ireland. Ten 

^Journal of William Edmundsoit, I-iji J"»i'n', I., 261-4. 
^Besse, II., 457; Jiully, 87. 




c - 
Z z 



The Beginnings of Quakerism in Ireland i 7 

earnest preachers came over and laid the found- 
ations of the most important Quaker strongholds 
in the island. John Tiffin was the first to arrive. 
He came to William Edmundson'sat Lurean, and 
during his sojourn of five or six weeks many mem- 
bers were added to that meeting. He and Wil- 
liam Edmundson went to neiehborinor fairs and 
other public gatherings, explaining their principles 
and carrying on discussion with those of other be- 
liefs. "Truth began to spread, tho' thro' great 
opposition ; for now the Priests and People began 
to be alarmed in a rage, and Friends were exposed 
to great Sufferings upon several accounts, particu- 
larly, as the testimony of Truth was against all 
hireling Teachers and their forced maintenance, 
these made it their business to incense the Maeis- 
trates and Rulers against Friends." ^ 

About this time William Edmundson went over Richard 
to England and conferred with George Fox, whom ''yfj^f"'^ 
he had not yet seen, telling him of the convince- 
ment of Friends in Ireland, "of the Openness 
among People in the North of that Nation, to hear 
the Truth declared, and of the Want of ministering 
Friends in the Gospel there."- Soon after his 
return to Lurgan, Richard Clayton came on a 
religious visit from England, and the two spent 
several days journeying on foot through the coun- 

^ Rutty, 88. 

^ EJmundson' s Journal, 1 8. 


i8 Inwiigration of the Irish Quakers 

ties of Antrim. London derr)-, Tyrone, and Armagh. 
At Coleraine they preached in the streets, but the 
people drove them out of the town, so that they 
had to lodge in a cabin on the mountain. At 
Londonderry' and Kilmore they met with better 
success, and at these places many were convinced 
and meetings were settled. 

About the year 1655 two women ministers from 
London. Anne Gould and Juliann Wastwood, 
landed at Dubhn and " all on Foot in Winter 
Time, wadinor Rivers, and dirt\- mir\- Wavs."' 
traveled in relisfious service to Londonderry, from 
there to Coleraine and through the countr)- of the 
"Scotch People and Presbyterians" to Clough. 
Here the poor women sank down exhausted and 
disheartened, and Anne Gould was confined to 
bed. But William Edmundson happening to come 
that way. they were so rejoiced at seeing liim that 
they recovered sufficiently to be taken to his home, 
where they were well cared for until their depart- 
ure for England. 

William Edmundson had now gained more ex- 
perience as a minister, and traveled continually, 
preaching in pubHc places and in churches. Other 
meetings sprang up, and " People more and more 
were convinced, insomuch that the Priests and 
Professors still raged, many tender people leaving 
them ; and to revenge themselves the)- cast Wil- 

' Edmundson' s Journal, 21. 

TJie Begiiirdngs of Quakerism in Irela-nd 19 

liam Edmundson into prison," at Armagh.- He 
was soon liberated, however, and came forth wvHa. 
even greater zeal than before. Soon after his 
liberation, he felt a religious calling to leave shop- 
keeping and to rent a farm in order that he might 
set the example of bearing testimony against 
tithes, for as yet no one had borne that testimony Edmundson 
in Ireland. With this in \-iew. he and several ^""^ " ^"'^ 

mony against 

Other Friends and their families. lea\-ine Lurgan tuius 
Meeting well-settled, removed into the Count}- of 
Cavan in the southern part of Ulster, where they 
rented land and beffan farminor. Cavan Meetinor 
was founded and many converts were made in that 
neighborhood. It was not long before these 
Friends experienced the sufferings they had an- 
ticipated. Many of them, for non-payment of 
tithes and other non-conformities, had their g-oods 
taken from them and were imprisoned.- 

But the Quaker movement was not confined to 1 
the north of Ireland. At the same time that Wil- 
liam Edmundson and his co-workers were spread- 
ing Quakerism through Ulster, other missionaries Leinsterand 
were working mth equal zeal in the pro\"inces of ^^^^'^ '" 
Leinster and Munster. In the beoinnina- of the 
year, Elizabeth Fletcher and Elizabeth Smith, from 
England, landed at Dublin and made a few prose- Elizabeth 
htes. For preaching in the Church of St. Audeon EUzabetk 
in that cit)', they were imprisioned by order of the Smith 

^ Rutty, <)\. 

^ Ibid., 87-91 ; Edmundson, 16-29 ! /•^""O'^ I> 256-270. 

20 Immigration of tJic Irish Quakers 

Lord Mayor, in Newgate. After their release 
they had a meeting at the house of Richard Foukes, 
a tailor, near Polegate. This was the earliest 
meetinir of Friends held in Dublin, althouo^h the 
first established meeting in that city was at George 
Latham's near Polegate. From Dublin these 
faithful women traveled south into Munster, hold- 
ing meetings in the towns through which they 
passed. At Youghall, among numerous converts, 
were Captain James Sicklemore and Lieutenant 
Robert Sandham, two of the Cromwellian soldiers 
stationed in that town. Elizabeth Fletcher and 
Elizabeth Smith were the first Quakers to enter 
Cork, and in that city an equal success attended 
their efforts. 

The summer of this year, 1655, '^ memorable 

for the landing- at Dublin of two of the most de- 

Francis termiued and courageous apostles of Quakerism, 

o<t.'gi Francis Howgill and Edward Burrouorh. Francis 


Howgill had been educated for the Church at one 
of the English universities, and his magnetic per- 
sonality and persuasive eloquence drew so many 
to his doctrines that he is conspicuous in the an- 
nals of Quakerism as one of the chief founders of 

The Beginnings of Quakerism in Irela7id 2 1 

the Society. Edward Burrough, perhaps not so Ed-ward 
polished a man as his companion, was one who >''^^'sono} 
performed every un- Thunder" 

dertaking with all ^^ ^~^ /p 

his might, and his ^'^^^l ^^ yM^^^ '^fO 
power and vigor as ^^ ^/ 

a speaker were so 

marked that he was known as " A Son of 
Thunder."^ They spent three months of aggres- 
sive work in Dublin, holding successful meetings 
and issuing tracts of appeal to magistrates and 
soldiers. Then, leaving Edward Burrough to 
continue the work in Dublin, Francis Howgill set 
out in company with a cornet of the army, and 
others, for the dangerous journey to the south ot 
the island, visiting only the "great towns and 
cities ; for generally the country is without in- 
habitants, except bands of robbers, which wait for 
their prey and devour many."^ At Kilkenny and 
the coast towns of Waterford, Youghall, and Cork 
he was enabled to carry on successfully the work 
begun by the women Friends. At Bandon, a Cromzt'eiv. 

s> J Cornet of 

large market town, he was hospitabl)' entertained Horse 
by ''one Edward Cook, a man of ability and in- ^^^Tr" 
fluence, " Cornet of Horse in Oliver Cromwell's 
own troop, and Receiver to the Lord Cork."^ 

1 Bed, 84. 

2 Edward Burrough in a letter to Margaret Fell, Barclay's Letters oj 
Early Friends, 265. 

^ Rutty, ^i,. 

2 2 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

They went toge ther tothe church, where Francis 
preached and where Edward Cook invited the 
people to a meeting at his house that evening. 
Many attended this meeting and there embraced 
the principles of Friends.^ 

At Kinsale, a great port town, Major Stoding, 
Governor of the fort, was kindly disposed, and 
numbers of the soldiers became Friends. Many 
meetings were held in the garrison, which so en- 
raged the "priests" that they informed against the 
officers and sent to Dublin for a warrant orderino- 
the arrest of the Quakers. The Governors of 
Kinsale and Cork, however, having a friendly re- 
gard for Francis Howgill, did not enforce the 
warrant and allowed him to ofo on with his work 
unmolested. For his encouragement of the 
Quakers Major Stoding, shortly afterward, was 
dismissed from the "commission of the peace" at 
Kinsale. Colonel Phayre, Governor of Cork, 
seems to have been especially impressed with 
Friends, for in a letter from Cork, Francis How- 
gill writes to Margaret Fell at Swarthmore Hall, 

' Among those convinced at Bandon at this time was Thomas Wight 
(1640-1724), son of Rice Wight, minister of the town of Bandon, and 
grandson of Thomas Wight, also minister of the same town and originally 
from Guilford, in Surrey, England. Thomas Wight is to be remembered 
as the first historian of the Irish Friends, having compiled an excellent 
contemporary " History of the Rise and Progress of the People called 
Quakers in Ireland," from 1653 to 1700. His manuscript was revised 
and carried down to the year 1751 by Dr. John Rutty (1699-1775), a 
Friend of Dublin, and a native of England, who published the work in 
Dublin, in 1751. (See Rutty in Bibliography.) 

The Beginnings of Quakerism in Ireland 

*> '*fc 'i 

t/«4t j___ -^-r i^ 

^, *r!: iA, ^^^ 

" — that old house in ancient Lancashire 
Where Fox, the high-souled Founder of his sect, 
Oft sought retirement from the world's loud noise 
And steeled his godly heart for fresh crusades." 
— John Russell Hayes. 

the Headquarters, as it were, of the Society in 
England, that the Colonel has said, " More is 
done by the Quakers, than all the priests in the 
country have done [in] a hundred years." Fran- 
cis then says of his work : " Now many are moved 
daily to bear witness against the priests : the work 
of the Lord is great, — glory to Him forever ! " ^ 

In the meantime Edward Burrough had left 
Dublin, and following Howgill's route came 

' Barclay, 268-9. 

24 Immigration of tJic IrisJi Quakers 

preaching through the towns to Cork, where he 
met Francis again after a separation of several 
months. In company with James Sickelmore 
and Edward Cook, they went to Limerick and 
attempted to speak in the Church, but were 
rudely driven out of the city. As they rode 
through the streets, Edward Burrough preached 
on horseback, and outside the city gates, he and 
his companions had an opportunity to speak to 
the orreat multitude that followed them. Richard 


Pearce, an apothecary, and others of the city, 
became Friends as a result of this preaching, and 
a flourishing meeting was established. The min- 
isters now returned to Cork, but the " priests " 
Howgiiiand had been so active durinor their absence that both 
Howofill and Burroug-h were arrested and carried 
to Dublin by order of Henry Cromwell. As they 
were conducted on the way, the guard of soldiers 
were kind to them and allowed them to hold meet- 
ings in the towns through which they passed. 
After seven months of active work they were 
finally banished from Ireland and compelled to 
embark at Dublin for England. 
Barbara One of the most intrepid of these early ministers 
^Arrive" ^'^^ Barbara Blaugden, who made two effective 
visits through the southern part of the island. After 
an adventurous voyage from England, she landed at 
Dublin on the very day that witnessed the enforced 
departure of Howgill and Burrough. Nothing 


The Begumings of Quakerism in Ii-cland 25 

daunted she gained admittance to Henry Crom- 
well, the Lord Lieutenant, and warned him of the 
consequences of his cruelty to her people. Her 
message seems to have had some effect, for Cap- 
tain Rich, at whose house she was staying, told 
her that the Lord Lieutenant " was so troubled and 
so melancholy that he could not go to Bowles, 
nor to any other Pastime." ^ 

The stream of Quaker missionaries continued » 
to pour into the countr}^ so that nearly two hun- 
dred had come over before 1700. Dr. Rutty 
shows in his table, that during the first century of 
the histor)' of the Society some five hundred and 
fift)' men and women ministers visited Ireland.'- 

With the Restoration of Charles II., in 1660, Restoration of 
Friends everywhere looked for a respite from their *^''"'" °-^"^ 

1 1 . . ,- , »,. , the Organiza- 

persecutions, but the nsmg of the Fifth Monarchy tion of Quaker- 
men under Venner gave the clergy a pretext for '^'" 
checking the growing power of Quakerism, and 
an act was passed forbidding the Quakers to meet 
in public worship. ^ As a result, persecutions 
among the Friends in Ireland were carried on 
with greater rigor than under the Commonwealth. 
William Edmundson says : " Now was Kino- 
Charles coming in, and these Nations were in Persecutions 
Heaps of Confusion, and ran upon us as if they 

' Besse, II., 459. 

^ Rutty, 92-109, 351-363; Bcssf, II., 458-9; Backhouse, 51-3 ; Bar- 
clay, 260-273 ; Janney, I., 273-9. 
^Janney, II., 13-I4, 25-6. 

The Restora- 

Secicres the 

26 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

would have destroyed us at once, or swallow'd 
us up ; breaking up our Meetings, taking us up 
in Highways, and haling us to Prison ; so that it 
was a general Imprisonment of Friends in this 
Nation." ' 

At this time Edmundson was a prisoner 
at Marysborough, but obtained a short leave 
of absence from the sheriff, went to Dublin and 
petitioned the Earls of Orrery and Mountrath and 
Sir iNIorris Eustace, Chancellor, that Friends in 
Release oj the nation might be set at liberty. He says: "I 
from Prison was close excrcised in that Service, but the Lord's 
Power gave me Courage, opened my Way to pro- 
ceed and gave Success to it ; so that I eot an 
Order for Friends' Liberty throughout the Nation, 
though they were full of Business ; and Abun- 
dance of People of all Sorts attending." On this 
as on many similar occasions, he seems to have 
exerted a strong and subtle influence over those 
in power, and we may well believe that men were 
drawn to him by his attractive qualities of mind 
and person, as well as by his strong and noble 

The persecutions, however, did not end here. 
The Church of England being now thoroughly 
established, the clergy bent all their efforts upon 
making the dissenters conform,- and Friends con- 

^ Journal, 45. 

^ Froude, I., 171-2. 

William Penn: Armour Portrait 

Tlie Begimiings of Quakerism in Ireland 2 7 

tinned to suffer for their non-conformity until the 
Act of Toleration for Protestant Dissenters was 
passed in 1689, in the reign of William and 
Mary. During the reign of Charles II., 1660- 
1685, according to Rutty's table, seven hundred 
and eighty Friends suffered imprisonment.^ 

It was during this time of persecution that 
Thomas Loe, a gifted minister of Oxford, and at Thomas Loe 
one time of Oxford University, made one of his wiiuam 
frequent visits to Ireland, and at Cork converted ^^'^'^ '^^ 
to the principles of Quakerism the young cava- 
lier, William Penn, the great founder of the Com- 
monwealth on the Delaware.' 

By 1668, the number of Friends had so greatly 
increased that it became necessary to adopt some 
form of church government, and William Edmund- Organiza- 
son, as one of the chief instruments in g-atherinor 
and preserving the Society in Ireland, was a prime 
mover in the work of carrying out George Fox's 
scheme of organization in Ireland. Provincial 
meetings were established to be held once in six 
weeks, the chief business being to take care of 
the poor, the fatherless and the widows ; to see 
that marriages were properly solemnized ; and to 
watch over the moral conduct of the members. In 
the following year George Fox himself came over, 
and he and W^ilHam Edmundson traveled all over 

' Rutty, 367. 
^Jbid., \2\, 150. 


Immigration of the Irish Quakers 


James H. and 
William III. 


Terror of 

The Friends 

the Island, establishing national half-year meetings 
and monthly meetings.^ 

Great alarm was created among the English 
and Scotch Protestants in Ireland, by the acces- 
sion of James II. and by his measures taken for 
the restoration of the Catholic religion. The 
Earl of Tyrconnel, a strict Catholic, was sent over 
as commander of the forces, and immediately 
proceeded to disarm the Protestant militia and to 
place Irish Catholics in the Army. This innova- 
tion, and later Tyrconnel's appointment as Lord 
Lieutenant, together with the efforts of the Irish 
to recover their confiscated estates, and the raids 
of the Rapparees, caused the wildest alarm among 
the Protestants, and they trembled both for their 
estates and for their lives. Rumors of a general 
massacre, like that of the Rebellion of 1641, flew 
through the land, and many of the terrified people 
left the country or hastened to the fortified towns, 
such as Enniskillen and Londonderry, where at 
the latter place the)' bravely withstood the siege 
of James in 1689.^ 

In the war that followed, the Friends generally 
kept their places and maintained their meetings.' 
In some districts, however, the danger was so 
great that members moved into the towns until 
the conflict was over.^ Those who remained were 

^ Rulty, 127 ; Janney, II., 170. 

'Joyce in Traill, IV., 6:6; Lawless, 280-1 ; Janney, II., 320-1. 

* Rutty, 156. 

* See account of John Barcroft and otber Friends in Leadbeater. 

The Beginnings of Quakerism in Ireland 29 

continually being robbed by the Irish soldiers and 
Rapparees. In this, as in many other trials which 
came upon him, William Edmundson stood forth 
as the sturdy champion of his sect, and on many 
occasions went to Dublin to solicit the govern- 
ment in behalf of Friends. Tyrconnel heard him 
with attention, and measures were taken with a 
view of protecting the Quakers from robbery ; 
but such was the state of anarchy prevailing that 
no effectual remedy could be applied. As the 
Friends were known to be an inoffensive people, 
opposed to war, the Catholics in authority were 
disposed to shield them from the severities inflicted 
upon other Protestants. But, notwithstanding all 
the endeavors made, the Friends were exposed to 
great perils. Many of the lostm all of their per- 
sonal property, and some were even stripped of 
their clothino- and had their homes burned to the 
ground.^ In 1692, after the war was over, it was 
estimated that the material loss of Friends through- 


out the nation amounted to ^100,000. 

After the landing of William and Mary in Eng- The Revoiu- 
land, James had fled to France, and now, with the *^°"'-°J '^^^ 
hope of recovering his lost kingdom, he was come 
again with an army into Ireland. During the 
fierce struggle that ensued, the Provinces of Lein- 
ster and Munster were ravaged by advancing or 
retreating armies, and many Friends who contin- 

i/<"'«0'. II-. 322. 

30 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

ued in their homes were plundered and subjected 
to gross maltreatment ; but not being classed as 
belligerents, their lives were generally spared. 
They were sometimes enabled, indeed, to per- 
form kind offices for both sides, at one time plead- 
ing for their Irish neighbors, when the English 
had obtained the ascendency, and at another shel- 
tering the Protestant English when the Irish had 
gained a temporar)' advantage. 
After Battle After the defeat of James at the Boyne, in 1690, 
oftheBoyne j^jg j^jgj^ troops disbanded, and roamed through 
the country, carrj-ing terror and devastation into 
William Ed- the Protestant districts.' William Edmundson, 
Sufferings now livmg at Kosmallis, was one ol the greatest 
sufferers in this war. In reading his quaint and 
graphic account of his sufferings and experiences 
in these unhappy times one is filled with admira- 
tion for his courage and heroism. At one time he 
is at Dublin telling James of the calamities which 
have fallen upon the Protestants, and at another 
he risks his life in pleading with infuriated English 
soldiers for his Irish neighbors. He relates that 
after the Battle of Boyne, the Rapparees burst 
into his house one night, abused his wife with such 
violence and cruelt)' that she died soon after, and 
ruthlessly seized him and his tvvo sons and carried 
them away with intent to hang them. This crime, 
undoubtedly, would have been committed if an 
Irish officer had not opportunely interfered. 

^Janney, II., 323-4. 

The Beginnings of Quakerism in Ireland 3 1 

In spite of all the trials and hardships so nobly 
endured in his foster land, and in spite of long and 
wearisome joumevs in Europe and America, 
\\ uliam Edmundson hved to the ripe old age of Pc-c^i 
eight\--hve, and on the Thirt\--tirst day of the Sixth 
Month (O. S.V 1 712. departed this life, well de- 
sen-ing the name. Father of Irish Quakerism.' ^ / 

After William III. had brought the nation into 
a peaceful condition, the Friends continued to in- 
crease in numbers, and during the next half cen- 
tury- many new meetings were formed. At the 
present day. although the Societ}- has greatiy 
decreased, there still remains a considerable num- 
ber of meetings, many of which are well attended. 





*HE converts to Quakerism in Ireland were 
drawn almost exclusively from the English 
and Scotch Protestants. Most of them had 
previously been in membership with other non- 
conforming denominations, such as the Baptists, 
Independents, and Presbyterians, although some 
few had been members of the Church of England. 
The principles of Friends in early days found 
The little acceptance with the Celtic-Irish, nor has the 

Society acquired much increase in after years from 
that source. For, aside from race differences and 
antipathies, arising from the EngHsh plantation 
system, the Irish almost to a man were Catholics, 
and as Beck says : "It seems to need the passing 
through the various stages of non-conformity, be- 
' fore a Catholic can appreciate the doctrinal views 
of Friends."' During the early period, at least 
prior to i 700, I have been unable to find in Stock- 
dale, Rutt)', Besse, Sewell, Leadbeater, or in the 
journals of ministers, any instance of a Celtic- 
Irishman becoming a Quaker. Of Besse's two 
hundred and ninety-one names of representative 

' Tht FrUmIs, 88. 


Racial Origin of Friends of Ireland 33 

Quaker sufferers in Ireland, from the rise of the 
Society to 1689, there is not one Mc or otheir/ 
Celtic prefix ; all are old English names.^ 

Although the statement of Joyce - and Prender- 
gast, that the Cromwellian settlers were absorbed 
by the Irish in two generations, may be true to a 
large extent of the other Protestants, it is, I be- 
lieve, by reason of the strict church discipline 
which obtained, but slightly true of those who re- 
mained in the Society of Friends.^ Apropos of 
this, John Grubb Richardson (181 3-1890), a 
prominent and representative Irish Friend, says 
of his family : " We were members of the Society 
of Friends, our forefathers having been convinced 
by the preaching of William Edmundson in 1660. 
All our ancestors came from the north of Encrland 
in Cromwell's army, and received grants of land 
from him to settle in Ireland."'* 

In the migration of the Irish Quakers to Penn- 
sylvania, there were represented only five sur- 
names with the Celtic prefix M'^ — McCool, 

^Besse, II., 457-493- 

^Traill, IV., 343. 

' Rutty states in his table of meetings in Ireland [Rise and Progress, 
page 350) that between 1714 and 1739 a small meeting was established at 
Connaught, the province to which the Irish were expelled in the Cromwel- 
lian Settlement, and it is possible that the members of this meeting were ot 
Celtic- Irish stock, but unfortunately I have been unable to find any data 
bearing on the point. I am able to state, however, from my examination 
of Friends' records of Pennsylvania, that no members from this meeting 
came over during the emigration period, 16S2-1750. 

^Richardson, 217-218. 

34 I>mnigratio7i of the Irish Quakers 

McMollin, or McMillan, McClum, McNabb, and 
McXice ; but, as this prefix is common to both 
Irish and Scotch surnames, it is unsafe to use it as a 
means of distinction. The McCool and McMollin 
families were from Ballinacree Meeting, near Bal- 
lymoncy. County Antrim, in the midst of the 
"Scotch country," hence if any distinction can be 
made, it lies in favor of the Scotch or Scotch-Irish 
descent. The McClums were from County West 
Meath ; the McNabbs from County Meath, and the 
NcNices from County Cavan, localities in which 
the Scotch had also settled, although not in such 
o^reat numbers as in the more northern counties. 
The only Quaker family with a distinctively Irish 
name, that came over to Pennsylvania, was that of 
(the O'Mooneys, who came from Ballinacree Meet- 
ing, and settled at Sadsbury, Lancaster County. 

In a letter of 1898,^ John Bewley Beale, an 
Irish Friend, writes : " There were additions from 
the pure Irish stock to the Society, but much 
fewer in number than from the Protestant settlers 
and their descendants. We have some Irish 
names amongst us still, such as Murphy, Mac- 
quillan, etc." This view is confirmed still further 
by Joseph Radley, until recently Headmaster of 
Ulster Provincial School, the P'riends' School, at 
Prospect Hill, Lisburn, Ireland. He writes (May 

' From Dublin, dated 3 mo. 5, 1S9S. Kor many years J. Bewley 
Beale has had charge of the Friends' records collected at Friends' Meet- 
ing House, 6 Eustace Street, Dublin. 

Racial Origin of Friends of Ire/and 35 

7, 189S) : "The Quaker character found little on 
which it could be grafted in the Celtic population. 
This was almost entirely Roman Catholic. Con- 
sequently, but few names of the old Celtic families 
occur now amongst Friends. A few O'Heils, Mc- 
Quillans, etc., still are to found." During my 
travels in Ireland, in the summer of 1900, I heard 
similar views expressed by many other Irish 
Friends, notable among whom were John Pim, 
J. P., of Belfast, for many years a student of the 
history of Irish Friends, and Jane M. Richardson, 
of Moyallon House, Gilford, County Down, the 
author of Six Generation of Friends in Ireland. 
My own conclusion is, that the increase from the c 
Celtic or Hibernian stock was very slight indeed, 1 
and that such converts as were made were ob- 
tained after the great migration to Pennsylvania. 1 

The Scotch Presbyterians had come over in The 
great numbers to the north of Ireland during the '^"^'^ ""^ 
spread of the plantation system, and at the time 
of the Cromwellian Settlement constituted the 
largest part of the Protestant population of Antrim, 
Down, and some other counties of Ulster. The 
early traveling preachers of the Friends report in 
their journals that the meetings in the "Scotch 
country " were well attended by the Presbyterians. 
There is no evidence, however, that any consid-i 
erable number became Friends. J. Bewley Beale 
says in his letter : " There were also some Ulster 

36 Iminigratioii of the Irisli Quakers 

Scotch amongst the early Friends, but I think the 
proportion was also small." 

Quite early, meetings were established at Col- 
eraine, Ballynacree, Lisburn and other places in 
Antrim, but they were not as large as other meet- 
ings without the pale of the Scotch. Thomas 
Stor^',^ in his account of a religious visit to Ireland 
in 1 716, relates that at Grange in Antrim great 
numbers of the Presbyterians came to hear him, 
and that one of their ministers, Moses Cleck, edu- 
cated at Glasgow, Scotland, had been convinced 
of the Quaker principles. Prominent among 
Scotch-Irish Quakers were John Chambers, a min- 
ister of Dublin ; Alexander Seaton, of Hillsbor- 
ough, County Down ; Archibald Bell, of Shankill, 
County Armagh ; Patrick Logan, of Lurgan, 
County Armagh, and his son, James Logan, later 
one of the most distinguished statesmen of colo- 
nial Pennsylvania. 

(We may safely say that the great majority of 
the Quakers in Ireland were English, or of English 
Anglo-Irish jescent. Long after the Cromwellian Settlement, 
and well into the first half of the eighteenth cen- 
tury, Quaker colonists continued to come from 
England. Some of these were members when 
they arrived, and others became members after 
their settlement.' The certificates of removal 

''Journal, 537. 

2 See Mary Leadbeater's "Biographical Notices" of the most promi- 
nent Irish Friends, from the rise of the .Society to 1828. This excellent 
work was carefully compiled from printed and manuscript sources. 









" i 

O 5J 

c r 
H m 

S o 

o z 





Racial Origin of Friends of Ireland 37 

which the Irish Friends brought to Pennsylvania 
show that many of the emigrants were natives of 
England and had lived but a few years in Ireland. 
It is especially interesting to note that so many of 
these early Irish Friends had been officers and 
soldiers in Cromwell's " New Model," and that 
the same splendid zeal and courage shown at 
Naseby and Worcester, but now directed in a 
peaceful cause, contributed so largely to the up- 
building^ of Quakerism in the nation. 






HERE was but little foreign immigration of introductory 
Quakers into the colonies of New England, 

New York, and the South during any pe- 
riod. The Society in these provinces was com- 
posed, for the most part, of converts and the de- 
scendants of converts made during the period 
from 1656 to the end of the seventeenth century 
by that zealous band of Old World missionaries 
under the stirring and effective leadership of such 
men as George Fox, John Burnyeat, and William 
Edmundson. In the distinctively Quaker colonies 
of Pennsylvania and New Jersey, however, the 
Society was made up almost entirely of immigrant 
Friends from Europe attracted by the superior 
opportunities for settlement. 

While it is true that the majority of the Quaker 
settlers of Pennsylvania came from England and 
Wales, it is also true that a considerable body of 
them were immigrants from Ireland, who took a 
prominent and useful place in the affairs of the 
Province and rendered an important contribution 
to the makinor of the State. Historians hitherto 
have overlooked this feature of the early immigra- 


42 Iinniigyatio)i of the Irish Quakers 

tion, but it is one that deserves in the fullest 
measure their close attention and study. 

The Irish Friends removed to several of the 

American colonies. At an early date they were 

on the eastern shore of Maryland. In 16S2 a 

shipload of them came to West Jersey.^ They are 

also known to have orone to the Quaker settle- 

ments in the Carolinas,- and Virginia.^ But by far 

I the greatest and most important migration was 

/ that to Pennsylvania during the period 1682 to 

1750, and it is this movement that we are now to 


Causes Although the causes which led to the migration 

are well known, it seems fitting, if only for the sake 

of completeness, to enumerate and briefly discuss 

^ them. The religious persecutions were powerful 

factors in the movement, and duringr its first stag^es 

gave to it its greatest impetus. Later, however, 

' These Friends were from in and near Dublin, and having purchased 
an interest in West Jersey, they chartered the ship of the adventurous 
Quaker captain, Thomas Lurting, and sailed from Dublin the latter part of 
September, 16S2. In about eight weeks they arrived at Elsinburg, near 
Salem, New Jersey, and made a settlement in what later was called the 
Irish Tenth, in Camden County. Here was established Newton Meeting, 
first held at the house of Mark Newby, one of this company. A full history 
of the Irish Friends of the Newton settlement is given in Judge John 
C\eratn\'% StctchfS 0/ /he Firs! Emii;rant Settlers in Newton Township, 
Old Gloucester County, IVest Ncu Jersey. Also, see Clement Papers, 
Vol. \, Hist. Soc. of Penna. ; Mickle's Reminiscences of Old Gloucester, 
47; A/ichener, 118; Smith m I/azctrd's Register, VI., 1S4; £o7i'den,ll., 
16; Ne-J) Jersey Hist. Soc. Collections, VII., 45 ; Coml/s Friends' Mis- 
cellany, Vol. 3, p. 134 (Phila., 1832). 

^ MS. Friends' Records; Weeks, 115-I16. 

' William Edmundson' s Journal, 114. 

Causes of Emigj-ation 43 

especially after the passing of the Act of Tolera- 
tion of 16S9, by which the persecutions were some- 
what relaxed, it would appear that the economic 
restrictions had a greater influence. Then, too, 
along with these causes went that old Teutonic -' 
love for adventure, that same historic force which, 
to a great extent, inspired the V'olkcrzuandcrwig — 
the Wandering of the Peoples — of the Early Mid- 
dle Ages, which led the Angles and Saxons to 
Britain, which took the Franks and later the Nor- 
mans into Gaul, and which led to the discovery and 
exploration of the New World. 

The causes are given herewith under the two 
main heads : I. Religious Causes ; II. Economic 

I. Religious Causes 

The Acts of Uniformity passed at the time of Religious 
the Restoration of Charles II. continued to be en- '^^"^^^ 
forced with varying severity far into the eighteenth 
century. All the non-conformists suffered more or 
less by them, but especially the Friends and Scotch- Acts of 
Irish Presbyterians. These sufferings were re- Uni/orvtUy 
lieved in a large degree, in 1719, by the passing 
of an act which allowed greater freedom of wor- 

The Friends were continually persecuted for Tithes and 
maintaining their testimony against tithes. Says '^J^lYasfuai 
Rutty (p. 364), " The Priests were commonly the Dues 

Rutty, 2S2-3. 

44 Immigratioti of the Irish Quakers 

Instruments of stirring up the Magistrates, and 
even the Rabble against them ; and . . . they 
very frequently had their goods spoiled and taken 
away ; sometimes to three, six, ten, or tv^renty 
times the value, and were kept Prisoners several 
years, and sometimes unto Death." During the 
four years of King James II. (i 685-1 689) the 
Friends were deprived of .1^1,583 worth of goods, 
and twelve suffered imprisonment. In the thir- 
teen years of William and Mar)' ( 1 689-1 702), their 
"sufferings" included ^13,724 and thirty-three 
prisoners ; in the twelve years of Queen Anne 
(1702-17 1 4) ^16,199 and thirteen prisoners; in 
the thirteen years of George I. (1714-1727) ^22,- 
513 and twenty-seven prisoners ; and in the first 
twenty-seven years of George II. (172 7-1 760) until 
1 750, about ^38,726and six prisoners. During the 
whole period from 1685 ^^ 175^ the "sufferings " 
amounted to ;^92,745 and ninety-one prisoners.^ 
OaUis The Friends were constantly inconvenienced and 
defrauded in business on account of their refusal 
to take the oath in a court of justice ; "For in- 
stance," says Rutty, " in the county of Wexford, 
Thomas Holme [who afterward became Surveyor- 
General of Pennsylva- 
nia] having about ;^200 
due to him from one 
Captain Thornhill, for 
which judgment was obtained against him in com- 

> Hulty, 367-8. 

'z '^ y^^XyJt/ ifc ^/cifM</cfy///l^ .♦X J-^C rtW^^VC-i f^^^f 


•/7^/lt'rJ / 

t -^/c- A^.t^/'.*- l,^iT/'iiryc C^'ff^/lir^ fj(ifc//fy t\'a/i^U^ ^ \ 


Samuel Stalliards Certificate of Removal from Ireland 
TO Pennsylvania, 1749 

Causes of Emigration 45 

mon Law, was subpoena'd into Chancer)' by the said 
Thornhill, where he well knew Thomas could not 
answer Oath, and so this Friend lost his Debt. And 
in Dublin, James Fade having about /'40 due to 
him from one Ezekiel Webb, was by the said Webb, 
subpoena'd into Chancer)- and because the Friend 
could not give in his answer upon Oath, he not 
only lost the said debt, but was constrained to give 
about ^70 to get clear of the Debtor."^ This form 
of persecution continued until 1719, when Parlia- 
ment passed an Act which allowed Friends to sub- 
stitute affirmation for the oath.- 

The Friends often endured the greatest cruel- 
ties and depredations at the hands of the rebel- 
lious Irish. In 17 19 one of the Irish gentr)-, Lawlessness 
lames Cotter, was hancred for an outracre com- 'if "'^ j^"''- 

•' _ _ •^ _ -^ Catholics 

mitted against a Quaker family of Cork. Upon 
this, "All Cork and all the South of Ireland burst 
into a wail of rage, and the Friends were marked 
for retribution. Placards covered the walls. . . . 
No quaker could show in the streets. . . . The 
passion spread to Limerick, to Tipperar)' and at 
last over all Catholic Ireland. Quakers' meeting- 
houses were sacked and burnt. Quakers travel- 
ling about the countr)' were waylaid and beaten." ^ 
The rage against the Friends continued, until in 
1725 it culminated in the most inhuman and bar- 

^RiMy, 137-S. 
2 Ibid. , 2S2-3. 
^Froude, I., 481-S2. 

46 Immigi'ation of the Irish Quakers 

barous murder of Edward Johnston, a Friend of 
Carroe. ^ 

II. Economic Causes 

Economic CroiTiwell had placed English and Irish com- 

causes merce on an equal footing ; but early in the reign 

of Charles II. an Act was passed, with the result 

that all export trade from Ireland to the colonies 

I was forbidden, as was also the import of Irish 

Restriction ' Cattle into England. Dreadful distress all over 

on Manu/ac- j^eland followcd immediately, for the people could 

ture and _ •' ^ ' 

Comvterce find HO market for their produce. When the cattle 
trade ceased, much of the land had been turned 
into sheep walks. A large and increasing woolen 
trade and manufacture now sprang up, so that it 
became one of the chief industries of Ireland ; 
whereupon the English merchants, fearful for 
their own trade, in 1699, succeeded in having 
I passed an Act which forbade the export of woolen 
goods from Ireland, and thus ruined the wool 
trade of the Island. About 40,000 industrious 
Protestant workmen were thus thrown out of em- 
ployment and reduced to poverty ; 20,000 of these 
emigrated to America. Many of those that re- 
mained suffered all the misery of famine. Sub- 
sequently, almost all branches of Irish industry 
were interfered with and suppressed by England. -' 

As an example of this distress, may be cited 

^ibid., I., 479-483- 

'Joyce in Traill, IV., 620-1 ; Gardiner, 686-7 ! Lawless, 308-9. 

Causes of Emigration 47 

the instance of Samuel Combe, of Cork, one of 
the Irish Friends who came over with his famil)' 
to Philadelphia about 1 709. In his certificate of 
removal, signed 5 jNIo. 26, 1709, the Friends of 
Cork say, " y" sayd Samuel being a bristall [Eng- 
land] man came over into this Country' with his 
wife som time after y'= Wars ended to settle in 
Corke and follow y" Cooping trade and although 
he was observed to be a Laborious painful man 
ye world favoured him not with success. We 
hope and Desire it may be better in that Coun- 
trey where we suppose Avorkmen of that Calling 
are no so plenty as in this nor materials to worke 
on so hard to be obtained as here.'"- Aeain, the 
Friends of Waterford, in a certificate, dated 2 
Mo. 13, 1 71 2, sent to Philadelphia, for William 
Moore, say, "A great Reson of his Removeall is for 
want of a good Imploy his trade being bad here."' 

At times the landlords became very^ oppressive, High Rents 
raising the rents all they possibly could, regard- 
less of what the tenants had done to make the 
land valuable. Much land was held on lone 
leases, and when these expired the rates of re- \ 
newal were made almost prohibitive, many tracts ' 
of land being secured by the Celtic-Irish, who were 
ready to give almost an)' price to recover posses- 
sion of the soil.- The Friends of Cork, in a cer- 

■ MS. RecoiJs, Philadelphia Monthly Meeting. 
^Bolles, II., 129. 

48 hnmigration of the Irish Quakers 

tificate, dated 5 Mo. 17, 17 10, sent to Philadelphia 
for Samuel Massey, tallow chandler and soap 
boiler, say : "The cheife motive Represented to 
us for his Remove is y' want of trade to answer 
y' great Rents here and charges of his family w'''' 
he hopes will be easier to him in that Countrj- he 
is Industrious and Carefull, and his Conversation 
orderly having a wife and five children besides ser- 

The majority of the Friends of Munster and 

many of those of Leinster lived in the cities and 

Failure of towns ; but those of Ulster were largely farmers 

crops, and ^^ yeomcn, and were directly affected by the 

Famine •' / 

memorable failure of crops in the year 1729. 
I Famine and sickness prevailed in that year 
throughout the whole of Ulster. In spite of aid 
from their brethren in England and in other prov- 
inces of Ireland, the Friends of Ulster suffered 
severely,- and it was evidently this calamity that 
caused the Pennsylvania migration to reach its 
highest point in this year. Crop failures seem to 
have been frequent in those times, as they are 
to-day, for in a letter that has come down to us, 
Mungo Bewley, a Friend of Edenderr)', King's 
County, Ireland, writes to Israel Pemberton, mer- 
chant of Philadeli)hia, under date of i Mo. 16, 
1742-3, "Some time Since there hath been a 

' MS. Records, Philadelphia Monthly Meeting. 
^ Rutty, lid. 

Causes of Emigration 49 

heavy affliction over this Nation, which hath taken 
a Number of People off, Some for want of Bread, 
and many with Sore Distemper, among wch were 
Several worthy Friends, . . . but at present is a 
time of Peace, health, and great Plenty." ^ 

^ Pemberton Papers (MSS.), III., 6l, in Library of Historical Society 
of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. 



William '' I ^HE scverc persecutions to which the Friends 
nrcoTony 1 ^^'ere subjected in both the Old and the 
New Worlds, but especially in New Eng- 
land, led George Fox as early as 1 660, to suggest 
the purchase of land in America for a Quaker 
colony, where Friends' views and principles might 
be fully exemplified.^ Fox's proposition was car- 
ried out with considerable success in the Quaker 
settlement of West Jersey, but it remained for the 
broad and liberal mind of William Penn to bring 
the idea to its fullest realization in the Province of 

William Penn (1644-17 18), as we have seen in 
a preceding chapter, had been convinced of the 
His principles of Quakerism in Ireland, and was now 

Charter ^^^ ^f ^^^ most prominent and influential mem- 
bers of the sect. As one of the owners of West 
Jersey he had become directly interested in Amer- 
ican colonization. His father. Sir William Penn, 
an admiral in the English navy, bequeathed to 

■Frederick W. Stone, in ITiiisor, III., 473; Pc-iina. 
XXI., page XXX ; /ii</., VI., 174. 


William Penn: Bevan Carving 

Inducements for Immigration 5 1 

him a claim against the crown for sixteen thou- 
sand pounds. In payment of this he induced 
Charles II. ( 16S1 ) to give him a proprietary char- 
ter for forty thousand square miles in America. 

Penn immediately began the work of settling His Scheme 
his colony of Pennsylvania. He offered to sell °-^ 

■' ■' Colonization 

land at verj' low rates. " He proposed to estab- 
lish a popular government, based on the principle 
of exact justice to all, red and white, regardless of 
religious beliefs ; there was to be trial by jur)- ; 
murder and treason were to be the only capital 
crimes ; and punishment for other offences was to 
have reformation, not retaliation, in view. By the 
terms of the Charter Penn was, in conjunction 
with and by the consent of the free-men, to make 
all necessar}' laws.'"- These proposals attracted 
widespread attention, not only among the Friends 
and other persecuted sects, but among many en- 
terprising people who wanted to better their 
economic condition. The stream of colonists from 
many countries, more especially from England, 
Wales, and Ireland, now set in, and Pennsylvania 
was rapidly settled. 

The constitution drawn up by Penn provided ConsHiuHon 
that the proprietor was to choose the governor, /J'^^^ 
but the people were to elect the council and 
also the members of a representative assembly. 
The first assembly, called by Penn soon after his 

^Thwaites, The Colonies , 215. 


Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

Groulh of 
the Colony 


arrival in 16S2, sustained his idea of government. 
Among other important measures, laws were 
passed providing for the humane treatment of the 
Indians and for religious toleration.^ 

Under the wise and benificent rule of Penn, 
the progress of Pennsylvania was rapid. The 
care taken to maintain friendly relations with the 
Indians spared the colonists from the cruel Indian 
warfare of New England and left them to pursue 
the arts of peace uninterruptedly. The fertile 
soil and temperate climate made agriculture the 
chief industr)-. The soil was carefully cultivated 
and gave rich returns, the principal crop being 
wheat, although there was much variet)' of prod- 
ucts. There were some small manufactories, 
and a good e.xport trade in grain, riour, and furs 
was carried on with England and the West Indies. 
So prosperous was Pennsylvania that it became 
one of the richest and most populous of the 
American settlements ; and before the Revolution, 
Philadelphia, the great market of the province, 
became the largest town in the thirteen colonies. 

With this brief account of the beginnings of 
Penn's province, let us turn our attention to 
those agencies that were directly influential in 
leading the Quakers to come to the " Promised 
Land " of Pennsylvania. 

From his first convincement W'illiam Penn had 
been brought prominently before the Friends of 

TInuaites, 2l6. 

Itiducements for Itywiigration 5 3 

Ireland, and was often able by the use of his power 
and influence to relieve his fellow members from 
their sufferings. In 1669 he had gone to Ireland His Personal 
to settle some business on the Penn estates, but ^"fi"^" 
was so affected by the general imprisonment and 
persecution of Friends, that he left all private af- 
fairs and went at once to Dublin to work for their 
relief At the General Half Year Meeting, held 
at his lodoines in the city, an account of the suf- 
ferings of the Society was drawn up in an address 
to the Lord Lieutenant. Penn himself carried 
the document to the Castle and presented it with 
such success that Friends in prison were soon re- 
leased.^ His general work for the good of the 
Societ)% his own sufferings, his writings in defense 
of Friends' principles, but especially his travels in 
the ministn.- throuo-h Ireland, made him well known 
to Irish Friends, and they had the greatest confi- 
dence in him. They were among the first to 
whom he opened his Pennsylvania project, for. on 
March 5, 16S1, the ven,- next day after his Char- 
ter was signed, he writes to his friend, Robert 
Turner, a Quaker of Dublin, stating that his 
province has been confirmed, and adds : " Thou 
mayest communicate my graunt to friends, and 
expect shortly my proposals."- 

The series of pamphlets descriptive of Penn- 

'Janney's W'tlliam Pain, 63-4; Rutty, 134. 
-Stone in IMnsor, III., 477. 

54 Immigration of the Irish Q2iakers 

sylvania, issued by Penn and others between 
Descriptive 1 68 1 and 1 69 1 , Were widely scattered throui^di 
Pamphlets Ireland, and the attractive accounts gave a strong 
impetus to the first wave of migration. The first 
of these pamphlets, entitled So7ne Accotmt of the 
Province of Pctmsyhania, etc., a folio of eleven 
pages, printed in 1681, contained Penn's propos- 
als for setdement and a general description of the 
countr}'. Other pamphlets went further into de- 
tails, telling of the rich natural resources of the col- 
ony, of improvements that had been made and were 
to be made, of the best kind of houses to build, 
of the ways and means of migration, and all de- 
tails that intending colonists mit^ht wish to know.^ 
The Free Society of Traders was also influential 
in the first migration of the Irish Friends. This 
Society, consisting of over three hundred mem- 
Activityof bcrs, made a purchase of twenty thousand acres 
'socfeT^of °^ ^^"^ '" Pennsylvania with the purpose of devel- 
Traders oping it." Several of the prominent Irish Friends, 
as Robert Turner and Samuel Clarridge,^ of Dub- 
lin, John White, of Carlow, and Dennis Roch- 
ford, at this time residing in England, were mem- 

' Stone in Winsor, III., 495-502; reprints of pamphlets in Penna. 
Mag., IV., 187-201, 329-342, 445-453. VI., l74-l8l> 3'2-32S, IX., 

2 Stone in ll'iiuor, 497 ; Pi-nna. MiJg., XL, 175-1S0. 

'Samuel Claridge, of Dublin, became a Friend in 1655 (Rutty, 92). 
In 1660 he was imprisoned in Newgate and in 1661 in Bridwell, Dublin. 
He also suffered persecution in 1663 and in 1669 (Bi-ssf, 466, 467, 471, 
473> 47^1 477)- J" 1670 he was living near Nicholas Gate, Dublin. 
( Leadbcater' s Bio. Notices, 65.) 

Inducements for Immigration 5 5 

bers. In the letter-book of James Claypoole, 
secretary of the Society, we find a collection of 
letters to Turner, Clarridge, and others, telling of 
the acdvity of the Society, between 1681 and 
1683, '" the work of setdement.^ Robert Tur- 
ner, one of the committee of twelve at the head 

of the organization, was a wealthy Quaker mer- 
chant in Dublin, and had already been acdvely 
interested in the settlement of New Jersey. In 
1683, with his daughter and seventeen indented 
servants,- he removed to Philadelphia, where he 
took a prominent part in the affairs of the colony, 
and no doubt by his personal influence did much 
to forward the migration of his countrymen, "who," 
as he says in one of his many letters sent back to 
Ireland, "sojourn in a Land of great distress, 
wherein I have been."^ 

During the period of migration there was more Favorable 
communication between Pennsylvania and Ireland ^T'^^. 

■' Returned to 

than has been generally supposed. People were Ireland 
continually going back and forth, and in spite of 
the difficulties and slowness of travel and the 

^ Pfima. Mar., X.^ iSS-202, 267-282, 401-413. 

2/^/,/., VII., 334. 

^/iic/., IV., 192-3, v., 37-50. 

56 Iinmig7-atio7i of the Irish Quakers 

dangers incident to those primitive times, many 
letters and messages were exchanged between 
the colonists and their friends in Ireland. 
By the From the first visits of George Fox and W'il- 

Minisurs ^^^'^ Edmundson to the Delaware, before Penn 
<^nd received his grant, to the end of the eighteenth 

century, a steady stream of traveling ministers 
came over to the Province. These preachers, and 
those who had come to reside in the colony, car- 
ried favorable reports of Pennsylvania to Ireland, 
and no doubt did much to counteract false rumors 
and silence objections to migration ; for in the 
first years of the migration many Friends took a 
somewhat conservative attitude toward the Penn- 
sylvania movement and carefully examined into 
the reasons for removal, as is instanced by the 
certificate given forth by Ballyhagan Meeting, 
County Armagh, i Mo. 31, 1682, and brought 
over to Middleton Meeting, Bucks County, by the 
widow Ann Millcum and her children, who arrived 
in the Delaware on the ship Antelope, 10 Mo. 10, 
1682.^ The following is quoted from the certifi- 
cate : 

"The said meeting inquired of them the 
Ann reason why they had a mind to such a great 

Miiicum's journey, havino- no man in their family except 

CerUficate . 

they might get a servant or servants, and hav- 
ing no want of things necessary for a liveli- 

^ Pinna. Afag., IX., 224. 

Inducements for Immigration 5 7 

hood ; the said Ann Millcum replied that her 
daughter Jane had a great desire to go and 
being not wiUing to part with her, after such a 
manner, was rather willing to take her adven- 
ture with her other daughter, and so go all to- 
gether, being accompanied with another daugh- 
ter of hers, and her husband and children with 
several other neighbors also, and seeing it was 
her resolution to go as aforesaid," the meeting 
gives its consent.^ 

There were many friends also who thought that to 
emigrate was to fly from persecution and to desert 
a cause. That such views existed is shown by the 
certificate of removal brought over to Pennsyl- 
vania, in 16S3, t)y Nicholas Newlin, a gentleman 

in easy circumstances,- who settled in Concord, 

then Chester County. The certificate is as follows : 

"At the request of Nicholas Newlin we do 

hereby certify, that the said Nicholas Newland 

acquainted our mens meeting with his intention Nicholas 

of removing himself and family out of this Na- /"','!' \ 

t> .' Certificate 

tion into New Jersey or Pennsylvania in Amer- of Removal 
ica, and we have nothing to charge a«ainst him 
or his family as to their conversation in the 

^ Reconis of Midd'etmun Monthly Meeting. 
^Futhey and Cope's History of Chester County, 668. 

58 Immigration of the Ii'ish Quakers 

world since they frequented our meetings, but 
hath walked honestly among men for aught we 
know or can hear of by inquiry, which hath 
been made, but our Friends' meeting is gener- 
ally dissatisfied with his removing, he being well 
settled with his family, and having sufficient 
substance for food and raiment, which all that 
possess godliness in Christ Jesus ought to be 
contented with, for we have brought nothing 
into this world, and we are sure to take nothing 
out. And he hath given us no satisfactory 
reason for his removing, but our godly jealousy 
is that his chief around is fearfulness of suffer- 


ings here for the testimony of Jesus, or courdng 
worldly liberty — all of which we certify from our 
mens' meeting at Mountmellick, 25th of 12th 
Mo. 1682. And we further certify that inquiry 
hath been made concerning the clearness of 
Nathaniel and John Newland, sons of said 
Nicholas Newland, from all entanglements of 
marriage, and that they are released for aught 
we find. Signed by the advice and in the be- 
half of the meeting. ■" 

"Tobias Padwell, 
"William Edmundson, 
"Christopher Roker." 
(And others.) 

^ Penna. A/agazint, VI., 174; Hallid.iv J.ickson's_/(7f;^WK Getiealog}', 
1 1 7-1 18. The above copy from the Pcnna. Mag. varies somewhat from 
that printed in the Ja.kson Genealogy, where the names of two of the 

Thomas Penn 

Son of William Penn and Governor of Pennsylvania 


Inducements for Immigration 59 

The traveling ministers journeyed from meet- 
ing- to meetinof and from house to house among- 
the Friends in Ireland, and in their social ming- 
ling -we may well believe they did not confine Ministers 
their discourse to religious subjects, but when /„"/^//^'f^ 
the conversation turned to Penn and his colony, teiio/Penn- 
an interesting topic in all Quaker households, we 
may be assured that these influential preachers 
would relate to their eager listeners accounts of 
their travels in America, and would give glowing 
accounts of that "sweet asylum" on the Dela- 
ware, where the broad and generous terms of the 
philanthropic founder gave opportunity for the 
oppressed of all nations to find a home with re- 
ligious and political liberty. 

But aside from the work of these traveling 
missionaries, the later migrations were stimulated 

signers are given as Tobias- Blachuell [P/eadwci'l ?'\ and Christopher I\o- 
■hcr \_Raper ? \ . 

I have tried to find the original certificate, intending to reproduce it in 
this work, but my search has been in vain. It is stated in a footnote of the 
Jackson Genealogy, page 1 18, that the copy printed in that work " was taken 
by J. J. Parker, of West Chester, Pa., I Mo. 19, 1874, from the original, 
which was in the possession of Nicholas Newland's granddaughter, Mary 
Mifflin of H.irtford Co., Md., then in her 79th year " ; but Gilbert Cope, of 
West Chester, in a letter dated 2 Mo. 17, 1901, corrects this statement. 
He writes : " The Jackson Genealogy is in error where it says that John 
J. Parker copied the original Newlin certificate in 1S74, as I am satisfied 
he never saw it. In 188S I made an effort to locate the old document, but 
without success. I have two copies from different sources and have known 
of others, but believe no copy has been made from the since 1820. 
Amongst others I wrote to Joshua Husband, Dublin, Hartford Co., Md., 
aged about eighty, a grandson of Mary Mitflin, and got a copy of a copy 
made in 1S20. He obtained his copy from some one in Washington, and 
perhaps I should have tried to trace back on this line but did not." 

6o Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

Friends by the retum to Ireland, on short business trips, 
reiurnio ^^ thosc who had crone over to settle in Pennsvl- 

Ireland for _ '^ 

short I'isiis vania some years before. In 1688, Henry Hol- 
linesworth, of Newark or Kennett Meeting-, who 

had come over as a servant to Robert Turner in 
1683, returned to Ireland to marry and brought 
back his wife. In the latter part of 1713, Benja- 
min Fredd, of Concord Meeting, who had arrived 
in the early part of the year, made a business trip 
back to Ireland. Amos Boaks, of the same meet- 
ing, came over in 1734 and made two visits to 
Ireland, one in 1735 and the other in 1736. In 
1738, Chester Monthly Meeting signed a certifi- 
cate for Thomas Faucett, son of Thomas Faucett, 
to go to Lisburn Meeting in Ireland. Many other 
such instances could be cited. 
Favorable Then, too, numcrous Irish Friends made the 
journey merely to see the country and to visit 
friends and relatives. John Parvin came over to 
Chester Meeting, in 1732, to make a short stay, 
and William Lightfoot, of Moate Meeting, County 
West Meath, in 1725, came to "visit his father 
[Thomas Lightfoot] 
and relations." After 
his return to Ireland, 

Reports by 

Inducanents for Immigf-ation 6 1 

Thomas Hutton, of Carlow, County Carlow, 
under date of 6 Mo. 20, 1726, writes to his sons 
in New Garden, that "Cousin Wm. Lightfoot tould 
me y' you dwelt in love."^ 

The number of favorable and urgent letters 
written by the first settlers back to Ireland were 
strong incentives for the Irish Friends to join their 
relatives and old neighbors in Pennsylvania. By 
the merest chance some of these letters have been 
preserved ; but from hints and references to other 
letters in those e.xtant we know that there must 
have been many others. In the meeting records, 
also, there are frequent references to letters sent 
in relation to the business of the meeting, and 
often these afforded opportunities for the exchange 
of personal messages. All these letters were read 
with the greatest interest in Ireland, and passed 
from house to house in a neighborhood, a custom 
also in Pennsylvania when letters came from the 
old home. 

These letters afford us interesting glimpses of 
the migratory movement and of the social side of 
colonial life. A few of the first letters were 
printed in the descriptive pamphlets, but the first 
manuscript letter that has come under notice is 
one to William Porter in Ireland, from Georee 
Harlan,- a Friend, who had come over from 

^Hutton Letters (MSS. ). 

2 Taylor Papers (MSS.), Miscellaneous, No. 3307, Historical Society 
of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. 

62 hnmigration of the Irish Quakers 

Donnahlong, County Down, in the north of Ire- 
land, about 1687, and who at the time of his writ- 
ing, 10 Mo. 27, 1696, was living on Brandywine 
Creek, in Chester count}^ just over the famous 
circular line of Delaware. The communication 
relates particularly to the estate of Thomas Childs, 
an Irishman, who had died in New Castle County, 
at the house of Valentine Hollingsworth, another 

Irish Friend. It is as follows : 

" Brandywine Creek, 
"the 27"' of y' lo"" month 1696. 

"Loving Friend 

"William Porter This may acquaint thee that 
I have Received 4 Letters from thee all of one 
date and tennor being y' 20th of y^ 9"' m. '95 
in Relation to Mary Child whose Son Thomas 
Died Something more than two years Since 
at Vallentine Hollingsworths he hapning to fall 
Sick there, & as to what is Reported Concern- 
ing his Bequest to his mother I have here Sent 
thee the Coppy of his W'ill on the other side. 
... I was with him in time of his Sickness 
and he being about to make liis will I put him 
in mind of his Relations in Ireland and liis 

Inducements for hnniigration 63 

answer was thus he had never Received any 
Letter Since he had been in the Countrie from 
any of them Replying further he had been 
troublesom to his friends in his Life time & 
Questioning by Reason of the W'arrs and Mor- 
tallity that had been of Late in Ireland whoe 
of his relations might be Living or Dead and to 
Impose Soe troublesom an undertaking uppon 
his friends (as the making Sale of what he had 
& turning it into mony. . . .) he would not doe 

" Mine with my Wifes dear Love is Remem- 
bered unto thee & to the Rest of our friends & 
relations Let my Bro understand that wee are 
all indiffrent well & Know of no alteration Since 
I wrote by Thomas Musgrave my Wifes dear 
Love is Remembred in perticular to Robert 
Hoop and Elenor ; having often desired to hear 
from them Soe having not Else at present but 
remain thy friend 


"Coppy of a Letter 
to William Porter in 


hmnigration of the Irish Quakers 




Hutton Letter 

No. I 

A series of four letters^ written by Thomas Hut- 
ton, of Carlow, Ireland, to his sons in Pennsyl- 
vania, are interesting and full of news. The 
Huttons, yeomen by occupation, lived at first in 
New Garden, Chester County, but later some of 
them removed to the Friends' settlement in Berks 
County. Extracts from each of these letters are 
here inserted : 

No. I. 

CARLO, 6 mo. 20, 1726. To children Joseph, 
Nehemiah, and John Hutton, New Garden 
Township, Chester Co., Pa. Letters dated 12 
mo. 20, last, have been received. "Wm. Ma- 
lones family y' now is in y^ small pox himself 
and 3 of his children but is likely to get over it 
except little Tom." Let James Starr and his 
wife hear this letter. "I cannot get your sisters 
with their husbands in mind to come to you & 
they are hard set to pay what they ow and So 
is Sam White his children is all got over ye 
small pox Samuel Wattsons wife is dead. She 
was an honest Concerned friend Bro : Russel & 
his children are all well Sam Laybourn wife & 
his 2 sons is well," etc. "We have a good 
harvest time as ever I remember, but had a 
great wind y" last day or 2 of last month which 

'The original Hutton letters were in the possession of the late Samuel 
L. .Sraedlev, of I'hiladelphia. These extracts were made frona copies in 
the collection of Gilbert Cope, of West Chester, I'a. 

Inducements for Immigratioji 65 

did shake much corn & frute land is ver}- deer 
& Corn Cheap at present as also woll, but 
cattle gives a good price. I desire you to re- 
member my love to my relations and friends y' 
went hence as if I had named them one by one 
for they are often with you in my mind and so 
shall conclude with my deare love once more to 
you my dear Children & bids you farewell fare- 
well in y' which Changes not." 

(^ort^ ^^aM^K 

No. 2. 

CARLO, 3 mo. 20, 1 732. To " Xehemiah Hut- HuttonLetter 
ton Living it Antilea," [Berks (?) County.] '^^°- 
Letter of the 14th inst. received. "You have 
some friends near where ships harbours y* 
Comes to Ireland, & may send [letters ?] in 
order to be ready at such times. Your Mother 
is not pleased that your Account is so short 
about Ja; Starr and thought he might have 
sent her a few lines himself for w[e] wrote to 
him along with you, neither do we know where 
he and his family dwells, for Nehe: writes in 
his of 8 f 1730 y' they were to go to one place. 
& now mentions some others and to not him 
nor Moses Starr, so let us know how they are 
& where," etc. "Let me know whether your 
ground is Come to gras any better and if your 

66 Immigration of the Irish Qiiakers 

stock increases for we hear y' grass doth not 
mend and that your ground will not bring 3 
crops," etc. 

No. 4 

'Thomas Huttox." 


Hution DUBLIN, 2 mo. 25, 1733. To Joseph and 

Letter John Hutton, New Garden Township, Chester 

Count)-. Letter of 7 mo. 28, 1732 received 10 

mo. 28. "Tell Rob: Sharmon I writ to his 

father & am glad to hear y' hes like to do 


"Thomas Hutton." 

No. 4. 

Huito,i DATED I mo. 22, 1733-4. To Nehemiah 

Letter Hutton, " Liveing beyond Oly in Philadelphia 
[now Berks] County." Received a letter from 
Joseph, from Philadelphia, 9 mo. 22, dated 7 
mo. 20, 1 733 ; also one from Joseph and John 
on 19th inst., dated 10 mo. i8th last. "Lett 
me know if thou has got a Patent for thy Land 
& how thou Likes it & whether there be much 
fla.\ in that part of y' Country or in any of 
Pensilvenia, for he I send this by intends to 
move thither from Belfast & he says there coms 
a deal of flax-seed into Ireland thence to sell 
very good seed it exceds dutch seed much & 
y' there is a ship from thence with wheat which 

hidncements for hnmigration 67 

is well for Corn was like to be deer if it did not 
com from other places, y' wheat was sold for 
1 6s. a barall," etc. 

"Thomas Hutton." 

Benjamin Holme, of Cork, under date of 9 mo 
I. 1736. writes to Israel Pemberton, merchant of 
Philadelphia, "I have wrote a Letter to William 
Hudson & Sam" Preston & thee & some other 
friends to Endavor to promoate the historj- of the 
Settlement of friends & progress of truth. "^ 

The following quaint letter^' was written by 
John Carpenter, while traveling in Ireland, to his joHn 
tnend and neighbor, .Michael Greo-o- of Chester <='''-P'"t'^^ 
County Unfortunately we have tut this one /^t/.,^ 
letter of his ; had more of his letters come down 
to us we should, no doubt, learn as to whether he 
found the giris in England more to his "fansy" 
and not so much Hke -Prispaterans," and whether 
he hnally met the "trusty Companion" for whom 
he seems to have been seekincr. 

"DuxGAXxox THE CouxT\^ Teroxe [Tyrone] 

"r ig'^of y^s'^mo: 1755 
"Respected Friend: Now having an oper- 
tunity to Send thee a few Lines by way of Love 
and Respects to thee to let thee know that I am 
Safe arivd in Ireland and is now in good helth • 
hoping that these will find thee and all the 

'P^'berton Papers (MSS.), HI., 17, Hist. Soo. of Peuna 

, ,?' °"?°^' ^^^„'^ '° t^^ <^°"ection of Editor William W. Pdk of 
(he Kennett Square ( Pa. ) AJvanci. ' 

68 Imttiigration of the Irish Quakers 

family in like manner ; I have had a verj' good 
Passage of four weeks and two Days which I 
was ver)- seasick for Nine or Ten Days and I 
Cant say that I was Right well all the Passage 
for we had Very hard wether and I was a little 
Sick for the Most part but now I am in good 
helth thanks to god for the same I am very 
Avell Satesfied of my jurny but I Could be bet- 
ter Satesfied if I had thy Company for to Travil 
with me for that is all I w^nt a trust}' Companion. 
" I yould have thee not marr}' untill thee 
Travils Sume the girls in this Country- I be- 
lieve thee wod not fansy for the are more like 
Prispaterans than Quakers but I Dont no what 
the are In England but I hope to no before two 
weeks for I Sales in five Days to Liverpool and 
from that to London by land So no more at 
present but Remember my love to all thy broth- 
ers and Sisters I Do Expt to Return to Pensyl- 
vania a bought harvest If I Can but I no the 
seas will be fowl before then We have an ac- 
count that there never was such Preparation for 
war no more at present but Remains thy Re- 
spected friend .,j^^^ Carpenter." 


Michael Grecro- 

In Kennett Township 

Chester County 


Inducements for Immigration 69 

By far the most important and comprehensive Robert 
of these letters is that written by Robert Parke l^^^J 
(1694 '5-1 736 7),of near Chester, to his sister Mary, '725 

wife of Thomas YdX- 
iTr /? Loo? u / entine', of Ballybrum- 

^±^hMJU^^^_ l^ill. County Carlow, 

and as it throws such 
a flood of light on all phases of our subject, I ven- 
ture to insert it in full. But first, a few details 
about the Parke family, by way of introduction, 
will give a better understanding of the migration 
of a representative Irish Quaker family. 

Thomas Parke (i 660-1 738), the father ol The Parke 
Robert Parke, was y^ Hi M fmi-ra/e 

a farmer and owned ^ 7^/ e/^^t^^ 

several tracts of ' ^^ 

land in Ballilean, Ballaghmore, and Coolisnack- 
tah, County Carlow. On May 21, 1724, with all 
of his family, excepting two married daughters, 
he took passage at Dublin, on the ship Sizargli, of 
Whitehaven, Jeremiah Cowman, master, and after 
a rough passage of three months, on August 21st 
arrived in Delaware Bay. Thomas leased a 
property from an Irish Friend, Mary Head, near 
Chester, as a temporar)- home, but on December 
2d, purchased 500 acres from another Irish Friend, 
Thomas Lindley, in the Great Valley of Chester 
Count)', on the west side of what is now Downing- 
town, where he removed and lived the remainder 

"o Innnigration of the Irish Quakers 

of his life. His son Robert was a clerk at Chester, 
and for some years acted as Recorder of Deeds. 
Robert died unmarried.^ The letter is as follows : 

Chester Township the — of the lo'^'Mo. 1725. 

Dear Sister Mary Valentine,^ 

This goes with a Salutation of Love to thee, 

Parke's Brother Thomas & the children & in a word 

Letter j.^ ^jj f^jg^^^jg Relations & well Wishers in Gen- 

erall as if named, hoping it may find you all in 
Good Health, as I with all our family in Gen- 
eral are in at this present writing & has been 
since our arival, for we have not had a days 
Sickness in the family Since we came to the 
Country, Blessed be god for it, my father in Par- 
ticular has not had his health better these ten 
years than since he Came here, his ancient age 
considered. Our Irish Acquaintance in general 
are well Except Tho' Lightfoot who Departed 
this Life at Darby in a Good old age about 4 
weeks Since. 

I Parke Family, in Futhey and Cope's History of Chester County, 673 ; 
A sketch of the Parke Family, by James Pemberton Parke, of Philadelphia, 
in the Chester County Journal, issued at Downingtown, Chester County, 
Feb. 8, 1S68. According to J. P. Parke, Robert Parke kept a journal of 
the passage over in 1724, and also of a voyage made back to England 
and Ireland, in 1727 ; likewise of the return voyage in 1728, when the 
list of passengers included sixty-three servants, of whom six were brought 
over by Parke himself. Unfortunately, I have been unable to locate these 
MS. journals, which no doubt would contain many interesting details of 
sea-tr.avel during the period we have under consideration. 

2 See Taylor /'a/^-ri (MSS. ), Hist. Soc. of Penna. ; letter is printed 
in Penna. Mag., V., 349-352. 

Itiduccnicnts for Imtnigration 7 1 

Thee writes in thy letter than there was a 
talk went back to Ireland that we were not 
Satisfied in coming here, which was Utterly 
false: now let this Suffice to Convince you. In FaUe 
the first place he that carried back this Story '^'f'°''" 
was an Idle fellow, & one of our Ship-Mates, 
but not thinking this country Suitable to his 
Idleness ; went back with Cowman again, he is 
Sort of a Lawyer, or Rather a Lyar as I may 
term him, therefore I wod not have you give 
credit to Such false reports for the future, for 
there is not one of the family but what likes 
the country very well and wod If we were in 
Ireland again come here Directly it being the 
best country for working folk & tradesmen of a Good 
any in the world, but for Drunkards and Idlers, f;;""/^/'"' 

■' _ _ ' working 

they cannot live well any where, it is likewise an Folk 
Extradin healthy country. 

We were all much troubled when we found 
you did not come in with Capt. Cowman as we 
Expected nor none of our acquaintance Ex- 
cept Isaac Jackson & his family, tho at his com- 
ing in one thinks it Something odd but that is 
soon over. 

Land is of all Prices Even from ten Pounds, Purcha$eoj 
to one hundred pounds a hundred, according to ^'^^'^ 
the goodness or else the Situation thereof, & 
Grows dearer every year by Reason of Vast 
Quantities of People that come here yearly 

2 Iminigratioii of the Irish Quakers 

from Several Parts of the world, therefore thee 

6 thy family or any that I wish well I wod de- 
sire to make what Speed you can to come here 
the Sooner the better we have traveled over a 
Pretty deal of this country to seek for Land 
and (tho) we met with many fine Tracts of 
Land here & there in the country, yet my father 
being curious & somewhat hard Please Did 
not buy any Land until the Second day of lo"" 
mo : Last and then he bought a Tract of Land 
consisting of five hundred Acres for which he 
gave 350 pounds, it is Excellent good land but 
none cleared, Except about 20 Acres, with a 
small log house & Orchard Planted, We are 
going to clear some of it Directly, for our next 
Sumers fallow, we miofht have bouijht Land 
much cheaper but not so much to our satisfac- 
tion. We stayed in Chester 3 months & then 
Rented a Place i mile from Chester, with a 
good brick house & 200 Acres of Land for [?] 
pounds a year where we continue till next 

We have sowed about 200 Acres of wheat & 

7 acres of rj'e, this season we sowed but a 
bushel on an acre, 3 pecks is Enough on new 
ground. I am grown an Experienced Plowman 
& my brother Abell is Learning. Jonathan & 
thy Son John drives for us he is grown a Lusty 
fellow Since thou Saw him, we have the finest 

Inducements for Immigration -j-> 

plows here that Can be. We plowed up our 
Sumers fallows In May & June, with a Yoak of 
Oxen & 2 horses & they goe with as much 
Ease as Double the number in Ireland. We 
sow our wheat with 2 horses, a boy of i- or 14 
years old Can hold Plow here, a man Comonly 
hold and Drives himself they Plow an Acre 
nay some Plows 2 Acres a day, they sow Wheat 
& Rye in August or September. 

We have had a crop oats, barley & very 
good flax & hemp, Indian Corn & buckwheat 
all of our own Sowing & Planting this Last sum- Oooa o-ops 
mer, we also Planted a bushel of white potatoes 
which Cost us 5 ShiUs & we had 10 or 12 
bushels Increase, this country yields Extraor- 
dmary Increase of all sorts of Grain— Likewise 
for Nicholas Hooper had of 3 Acres of Land & 
at most 3 bushels of Seed above 80 bushels In- 
crease so that it is as Plentifull a Countr>. as 
any Can be if people will be Industrious. 

Wheat is 4 Shills a bushel, Rye 2s. gd oats 
2. 3 pence, barley 3 Shills, Indian Corn 2 
Shills all Strike measure. Beef is 2% pence a PrUesfor 
pound Sometimes more Sometimes less mut- ^'"'"' 
ton 2%, pork 2% pr Pound Turnips 12 pence ""'"""" 
a bushel heap'd measure & so Plenty that an 
acre Produceth 200 bushells. all sorts of pro- 
visions are Extraordinary Plenty in Philadel- 
phia market, where Country people brin<T in • 

74 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

Abounds in 

II 'ages 



their commodities their markets are on the 4''' 
and 7''' day [Wednesdays and Saturdays crossed 
out] this country abounds in fruit, Scarce an 
house but has an Apple, Peach & Cherry 
orchard, as for chestnuts. Wallnuts, & hazel 
nuts, Strawberrys, Billberrys & Mulberrys they 
grow wild in the woods & fields in Vast quan- 

They also make great Preparations against 
harvest ; both Roast & boyled, Cakes & Tarts 
& Rum, stand at the Lands End, so that they 
may eat and Drink at Pleasure. A Reaper has 
2 shills & 3 pence a day, a mower has 2 Shills 
& 6 pence & a pint of Rum besides meat & 
Drink of the best ; for no workman works 
without their Victuals in the bargain through- 
out the Country. A Laboring man has 18 or 
20 pence a day in Winter. 

The Winters are not so Cold as we Expected 
nor the Sumers so Extreme hot as formerly, 
for both Summer & Winter are moderater 
than they ever were known, in Summer time 
they wear nothing but a Shirt & Linnen 
drawers Trousers, which are breeches and stock- 
ings all in one made of Linnen, they are fine 
Cool wear in Summer. 

As to what thee writt about the Governours 
Opening Letters it is Utterly false & nothing 
but a Lye & any one Except bound Servants 

Induccnicnts for Immigration 75 

may go out of the Country when they will & 
Servants when they Serve their time may Come 
away If they please but it is Rare any are such 
fools to leave the Countr>' Except mens busi- 
ness require it, they pay 9 Pounds for their 
Passage (of this money) to go to Ireland. 

There is 2 fairs yearly & 2 markets weekly ^,,.,., 
m Philadelphia also 2 fairs yearly in Chester & 
Likewise in New Castle, but they Sell no Cattle 
nor horses no Living Creatures but altogether 
Merchants Goods, as hatts, Linnen & woolen 
Cloth, handkerchiefs, knives, Scizars, tapes & 
treds buckels, Ribonds & all Sorts of necessarys 
fit for our wooden Country & here all youno- 
men and women that wants wives or husbands 
may be Supplyed. Lett this suffice for our 

As to meetings they are so plenty one may 
ride to their choice. I desire thee to brincr or 
Send me a botde of good Oyle fit for guns tliee 
may buy it in Dublin. Martha Weanhouse Lives 
very well about 4 miles from James Lindseys 
[Lindley's] ; we live all together since we 
Came into the Country Except hugh Hoaker 
[or Stoaker] & his family who live e'or 7 miles 
from us, & follows his trade. Sister Rebecka 

was Delivered of a Daughter y^ day the 

1 1 month Last past its name is Mary. Abel's 
wife had a young Son 12 months Since his 


Iinmigratio7i of the Irish Quakers 

What to 
bring to 

name is Thomas. Dear Sister I wod not liave 
thee Doubt the truth of what I write, for I know 
it to be true Tho I have not been Long here. 

I wod have you Cloath yourselves well with 
Woolen & Linnen, Shoes & Stockings & hats 
for such things are dear here, & yet a man will 
Sooner Earn a Suit of Cloths here than in Ire- 
land, by Reason workmans Labour is so Dear. 
A wool hat costs 7 Shills, a pair of mens Shoes 
7 Shills, womens Shoes Cost 5 Shills 6 pence, 
a' pair of mens stockings yarn costs 4 Shills, 
feather beds are very dear here and not to be 
had for money. Gunpowder is 2 Shills & 6 
pence a pound. Shott & Lead 5 pence a 
pound. I wod have you bring for your own 
use 2 or 3 good falling Axes, a pair of beetle 
rings & 3 Iron wedges, for they are of good 
Service here, your Plow Irons will not answer 
here, therefore you had better bring i or 2 hun- 
dred Iron, you may bring your Plow Chains as 
they are also a good Iron. 

Letters going to you these you Accompt 
what to bring into the Country & also for your 
Sea Store or else I should not omitt it but be- 
sure you come with Capt. Cowman & you will 
be well Used for he is an honest man & has as 
Civell Saylors as any that Cross the Seas, 
which I know by Experience, the Ship has been 
weather bound Since before Christmas by rea- 

Inducements for Imniigj-ation 7 7 

son of frost & Ice that floats about in the River & 
the Saylors being at a Loose End came down to 

Chester to See us & we have eiven them 

Dear Sister I desire thee may tell my old 
friend Samuel Thornton that he could mve so 
much Credit to my words & find no Iffs nor 
ands in my Letter that in Plain terms he could 
not do better than to Come here, for both his 
& his wife's trade are very good here, 'the best 
way for him to do is to pay what money he Can 
Conveniendy Spare at that Side & Engage how to come 
himself to Pay the rest at this Side & when he 
Comes here if he Can get no friend to lay down 
the money for him, when it Comes to the worst, 
he may hire out 2 or 3 Children & I wod have 
him Cloath his family as well as his Small Abil- 
ity will allow, thee may tell him what things are 
proper to bring with him both for his Sea Store 
& for his Use in this Country. I wod have him 
Procure, 3 or 4 Lusty Servants & Agree to pay 
their passage at this Side he might sell 2 & pay 
the others passage with the money. I fear my 
good will to him will be of Litde Effect by reason 
he is So hard of beleif, but thou mayest Assure 
him frorr. me that if I had not a pardcular Re- 
spect for him & his family I Should not have 
writ so much for his Encouragement, his brother 
Joseph & Moses Coats Came to See us Since 
we came here, they live about 6 or 7 miles 
apart & above 20 miles from where we live. 

78 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

Unkle James Lindly & family is well & Thrives 
exceedingly, he has 1 1 children & Reaped last 
harvest about 800 bushels of wheat, he is a 
thriving man anywhere he lives, he has a thou- 
sand acres of Land, A fine Estate. Unkle 
Nicholas hooper lives very well he rents a Plan- 
tation & teaches School & his man dos his 
Plantation work. Martha Hobson. 

Dear Sister I think I have writ the most need- 
ful to thee, but considering that when I was in 
Ireland I never thought a Letter to Long that 
Came from this Country, I wod willingly gi\e 
thee as full an Account as Possible, tho I could 
have ofiven thee a fuller Account of what things 
are fit to bring here, but only I knew other Let- 
ters might Suffice in that point. I desire thee 
may Send or bring me 2 hundred Choice Quills 
for my own Use for they are very Scarce here 
& Sister Raichell Desires thee wod bring hir 
some bits of Silk for trashbags thee may bring 

[buy] them in Johns Zane [or Lane] also 

yards of white Mode or Silk for 2 hoods & She 
will Pay thee when thee comes here. I wod 
have brother Thomas to bring a good Saddle 
(& bridle) with Crooper & Housen to it by rea- 
son the horses sweat in hot weather, for they 
are very dear here, a Saddle that will cost 18 
or 20 Shills in Ireland will cost here 50 Shills 
or 3 pounds i^ not so good neither, he had bet- 

Inducements for Inwiigration 79 

ter get Charles Howell to make it, Lett the tree 
be well Plated & Indifferent Narrow for the 
horses here are So Large as in Ireland, but the 
best racers & finest Pacers in the World. I have 
known Several that could Pace 14 or 15 miles 
in an hour, I write within Compass, as for 
women Saddles, the)' will not Suit so well here. 
I wod not have thee think much at my Irregu- 
lar way of writing by reason I write as it offer'd 
to me, for they that write to you should have 
more wits than I can Pretend to.^ 
Parke's influence seems finally to have had the 
desired effect, for in the spring of 1728 we find 
Thomas and Mary Valentine presenting a certi- 
ficate of removal to New Garden Monthly Meet- 
ing, in Chester County. 

Hundreds of just such favorable letters and 
descriptions found their way to the Old W'orld, 
urgently setting forth the desirabilit)- of removal 
to America and presenting the special induce- 
ments offered to immigrants in the Quaker Col- 
ony. These pleasant pictures of the happy con- 
ditions existing in Pennsylvania — the great and 
good character of the Founder, his wise and liberal 

' The letter ends abruptly and is not signed, but it is endorsed on ttie 
back, "Letter to Mary Valentine from Robert Park, lo mo., 1725." It 
seems to be a rough copy kept by the writer. At the end of the letter is 
written in a different hand, " And several Letters with Long full of ac- 
compt of al things George Tooke or Rooke," and on the back of the let- 
ter the name of Round is scribbled several limes and the name of R. D. 

8o Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

laws, his cheap and fertile lands, the mild and 
healthful climate, the successful peace policy with 
the Indians which Penn adopted, and above all 
his religious toleration — filled the minds of the 
poor and persecuted of Europe with ardent long- 
intrs, and made them leave behind forever kins- 
folk and fatherland and risk all that was near 
and dear to them for the long and perilous jour- 
ney to the strange land beyond the sea. 



TO make some attempt at an accurate deter- 
mination of the places in Ireland whence 
the Friends emigrated, an examination of 
records of all the monthly meetings in Pennsylvania 
has been made for all certificates of removal 
brought over by Irish Friends between the years 
1682 and 1750. With these data as a basis, 
supplemented by additional facts from authentic 
manuscripts, county histories, genealogies, and 
other works, I have compiled the following statis- 
tical table showing as nearly as possible, the num- 
ber of adult Friends that came over from each meet- 
ing, county, and province of Ireland, during the 
above-mentioned period. The meetings were not 
as careful to record all certificates of removal 
brousfht over durino- the first two decades of the 
colony, as they should have been ; but later a 
faithful account was kept. 

The table shows that from Ulster came 172 
adult members ; from Leinster 183 ; from Monster 
42 ; and from places which are not specified 
43. This makes a total of 440 adult persons 
from twenty-nine or more meetings. If, however, 

6 81 

82 hmnigration of ike IrisJi Quakers 

we count the children and the women whose 
names evidently have not been recorded, and like- 
wise those persons of whose emigration we have 
no record, we may safely estimate that at least 
between 1,500 and 2,000 Irish Friends came to 
Pennsylvania between 1682 and 1750. 

County Armagh in the Province of Ulster sent 
ninety -five colonists, more than any other county. 
Dublin Meeting sent fifty-four, more than any 
other meeting, Grange Meeting, in a country- 
district near Charlemount, County Armagh, comes 
next with forty-one ; then follows Ballynacree, an 
obscure county meeting near Ballymoney, County 
Antrim, with thirty-five. The Friends from Ulster 
and those from Leinster, with the exception of 
Dublin, were almost wholly from the country dis- 
tricts. Some few were tradespeople, but the 
majority were yeomen or farmers, and when they 
came to Pennsylvania, they bought farms and en- 
racjed in agriculture. The Quaker colonists from 
Munster, on the other hand, were nearly all 
tradesmen from the cities and towns. They, 
with the emigrants from Dublin, settled for the 
most part in Philadelphia. 


showing, as nearly as possible, the number of adult Friends that migrated to Pennsylv 
inclusive. Compiled from MS. records of all the monthly me«ungs of PennsylTania, ai 
(See Bibliography. ) 


















** 1 " 


Ulster Province 17- 

Co. Antrim 63 



■•■ 1 1 


■"i r i 










Co. Armagh 95 




2 ... 

Grange (Upper) Mtg. 4 1 ... 






, 1 


Co Caz'ati 5 

...1 i... 

Co. Meath 9 


Leinster Province 1S31 

Co. Carlow 38 

2 1... 
7 I 



Dublin 54 '1 





I I 2 

Co. Kildare I 


King's Co. S 


Queen's Co 25 





Mountrath Mt2 3 . ... 

Co. West Meath 30 



Co. Wexford. 13 

Wexford Mtg ... 3 



Co. Wicklow 14 

Ballvcane Mtg. 12 



Kilcommon Mtg 2 

MuNSTER Province 42 

Co. Cork 22 

Cork Mtg 22 








Co. Limerick 3 

Co. Tipperarv 12 

Cashell Mtg 7 



Kilcommonbegg Mtg. 2 

Clonmel Mtg 3 

Co. Waterford. 5 

Waterford Mtg 5 






Meetings not Specified 43 


















Total 440 




rom each province, county, and meeling of Ireland, between the years 1 682 and 1750, 
>lemenled by county histories, genealogies, Kriends' records in Ireland, and other MSS. 

R R R 

R R R R R R R R C 

I I I : I i I i ! I 
- <i r? » !? ■« 0^ "S' a S., 5 5-, 5, •?., 5: %. S, S. 

t*. t*.! I»» 

R| S; 

Is,' t«. t«.| r* 

,. ...■ 2 !. 
,..,2 ',3'. 
2 ...|9 . 

,..'... I I. 

I ... il3 • 



1...; I ... 2 ...I 
, I ■ 


I ' 


I' '1- 

1 ... I 


1 12 

I I 

I ...14 
... .: 2 



... 1 I 

7 "9 


"i~i~!~i"" 1 .1 . 1 III;. 



THE migration may be considered in three FUstwave 
waves. The first wave, beginning in 1682 ^ ^-^7^° 
and continuing to 1 7 10, was caused largely 
by the severe religious persecutions carried on 
against the Friends before the Act of Toleration 
of 1683 was passed. The wave was the heaviest 
in 16S2 and 1683, thirty-two adult colonists com- 
ing over in these two years. After this, the wars 
of James and William coming on, there was little 
migration until 170S. From 17 10 the stream second wave 
continued to flow steadily, reaching the highest '''"*"''^'' 
point of the whole migration in the great fam- 
ine year of 1729, when sixt)-four adults came 
over. After 1710, the economic causes of migra- 
tion were probably more potent than the re- 

The third wave reached its highest point in TiuidWave 
1736, when thirty-three adult settlers arrived. ^'^°'^'^^° 
From 1 74 1, the movement declined, and after 
1750 very few Friends came over to settle. 




The f \ preparing to emigrate the Friends usually 

of Removal 

I gave at least a month's notice to the meeting 
to which they belonged, of their intended 
departure, requesting that a certificate of removal, 
certifying to their membership in the Society, be 
given them to take into the new land. If, after 
due inquiry by a committee appointed for the pur- 
pose, the applicants were found to be in good 
standing in the Society and in the neighborhood 
in which they lived, the document was drawn up 
and signed by members of meeting in due time 
for the day of departure. In many cases, how- 
ever the emigrants waited until after their arrival 
in Pennsylvania before writing to Ireland for the 
certificate. The following extract from the min- 
utes of the Preparative Meeting at Grange, near 
Charlemount, Ireland, shows the mode of pro- 
cedure in the preparation of the certificates : 

" Att a men's meeting held y" 2** of y" 4''' 
month [1736] Joshua March [Marsh] having 
an Intention to transport himself & family to 
America & desires from us a certificate there- 
fore Jacob Marshill James Pillar is desired to 



s the moc 
ation of th«. 



>,■; ,< 

'inic» lot 

tj ^ ■ ^"''^ / A M ^.'A^ y'-^"" ->^ 

■'•....,/< a,. ^ ■.. ->-l:fe.,. '/<<.-• 4*^- X-^Xy «--'\*i 

■1 71 B, /,•/■:'.•.■> 

((■I h 


Certificate of Removal Brought to Pennsylvania by 
George Marsh, an Irish Friend, in 1728 

Ways and Means of Migration 85 

draw Suitable ones for him and his Son John 
allso one for Thos Willson accordine to his 
Behavour y' they may be signed next meeting. 
W'iUiam Pigion Samuel Douglas & Benj^ Mar- 
shill is desired to attend next Quarterly meet- 
ing & Jacob Marshill & James Pillar is desired 
to draw Suitable papers to Said Meeting." 
The common form of the certificate may be seen 
in two of those drawn up at this meetine : ^ 

" From our Monthly Meedng of men & 
women friends held at Grange Near Charli- Certificate 
mount in the North of Ireland y^ 2 of 4 mo. %/alT'' 
1736 To friends & Brethren of pensylvania or 
elsewhere in America Greetine. 

Dear Friends whereas our friend Joshua 
March [Marsh] & his Wife Did Acquaint us 
Some Time Ago tliat they had a mind to trans- 
port themselves & family to pensylvania or 
Some place in America and Desires of us a 
Certificate we therefore Do Certify that He the 
S"* Joshua & his wife was of an orderly Life & 
good Conversation Both amongst us their 
Brethren as amongst their Neighbours where 
they Dwelt & now Leaveth us in Unity they 
had also the privilege of Sitdng in our Meeting 
of Disapline likewise their three children Viz 
Jonathan peter & Abigail were of Orderly Lives 

■ Book of Certificates of Removal Received by Goshen Monthly Meeting, 
Penna. , p. 39. 

86 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

& Conversation whilst here & is free from mar- 
riaq'e or any Entanglement that way & all the 
Above friends have left this place free from 
Debts or Defraud to any man & we have Cause 
to hope & believe that they will So behave 
themselves for y' future y' they may Deserve 
y*" Religious notice & Care of friends for their 

Signed by order & on behalf of our Sd Meet- 
ing by 

Mary Greer Thos. Nichalson William Gray 
Eliz. Greer Joseph Kerr Jacob Marshall 

Abigail King Benj^ Marshill Jno. Whitsitt 
Mary Pow James pillar Thomas Greer 

Ann Sloan James Dawson Tho. Griffith 
Mary Pillar francis Robson Israel Thompson 
Eliz. Dawson Sam' Gray Wm. Vance 

Abigail Gray J ona' Richardson 
Ruth Delapp 

' From our Men & Womens Meeting held at 
Certificate Grang-c Near Charles Mount in Ireland v"^ 2 of 

of John * -' 

Marsh y' 4th mo 1 736 to fricuds of pensylvania or 

Elsewhere In America Greeting Whereas our 
friends John March [Marsh] & his wife Did 
sometime ago Acquaint us that they had to 
transport themselves to pensylvania or Some 
place In America & Desires of a Certificate we 

^Book of Certificates of Kemmial received by Goshen Monthly Meeting, 
p. 52. 

Ways and JlTcaiis or Aligration Z"] 

therefore do Certifie y' the Said John h &JMarc 
his wife hath behaved themselves Orderly 
amongrst us their Brethern & Sisters Also was 
of a peaceable Life & Conversation amongst 
their Neighbours having Left us & our Neigh- 
bours Clear of Debt They had Also privilege to 
Set in our Meetings for Decipline & we hope 
they will So behave as will deserve the Religious 
Notice & Care of our friends & Brethern whose 
it may Please Divine providence So to order 
their Lot to Settle & Remain. 

Signed by order & on behalf of our Said 
Meeting by 

Mary Greer Thos. Nichalson Jacob Marshill 
Eliz. Greer Jos. Kerr John Whitsitt 

Abigail King Benj^ Marshil Thos. Greer 
Mary Pow James Dawson Thos Griffith 
Ann Sloan James Pillar Israel Thompson 
Mary pillar Wm Vance 

Eliz. Dawson 
The Marshes, 
father and son, 
purchased land 
and settled with 
their families in East Nantmeal, Chester County, 
and soon after their arrival presented their cer- 
tificates of removal to Goshen Monthly Meeting. 
Whereupon the following action was taken by the 
meeting : 

\ Jc/^ed^/l 

Minutes ot Mens Meeting-, S Mo. iS. 1736. — 
"'John Marsh Prixluce*.! a Certificate to this 
Montlily Meetino- rn>m die Monthly Meeting ot" 
friends held at Grange near Charlemount in y' 
North of Ireland dated y* s"* ot y* 4 mo : 1 736 
in behalf of himself & wife [Eliiabedi] which 
[is] to friends Satisfaction ^ ordered to be re- 

Minutes of Women's Meeting. — 

■• At our Montlily Meeting held at Goshen 
the Eighteentli Day of tlie Eightii Month [i 736] 
Elizabetli Marsh Produced to diis Meeting a 
Certificate from Friends in Ireland jointly with 
her Husband which we accept on her Behalf '" 

Minutes Mens Meeting. — 

"At our Montiily Meeting held at Goshen y' 
15* day of y* o"*' mo 1736 Joshua March 
[Marsh] Produced a Certificate to tliis Monthly 
Meeting from the Mondily Meeting of friends at 
Grange in Charlemount in the Xordi of Ireland 
dated y* ^'^ of y' ^ mondi last in behalf of 
himself ^ wife [Elizabeth] C\: 3 of his children 
\-iz. Jonathan. Peter & Abigail whicli is to die 
Satisfaction of friends here & ordered to be 

Minutes of \Vomen"s Meeting. — 

*• At our Monthly Meetinc held at Goshen 

Ways and Means of Migration 8£ 

the Fifteenth Day of the X:rth Month ^1736] 
. . . Elizabeth Marsh Pre .Meet- 

ing a Certificate fron the Monthly Meeting of 
Grange in Irek ' '- - ■■ Meeting A ' " 
on her behalf 

The principal ports whence the Ir ' — > 

embarked for Pennsylvania v/ere Be.;--;: ^^.,..:.. 7. -\.. :. 
Cork, and Waterford. Frequently vessels were 
sailing directly from the Irish ports, but more 
often passage was taken in vessels which had 
sailed from Whitehaven, Liverpool, or Bristol, in 
England, and which touched at the Irish ports for 
passengers and cargo.' Philadelphia was the 
principal port of entr\', but many settlers landed 
at New Castle, on the Delaware, and some few 
at points in Marj'land and Virginia. 

At times obstructions were placed in the way obetnetkBa 
of Irish emigrants, as appears from the following *^^°^SBiiBa 
letter written to Proprietor Penn, in 1763, by a 
sea captain at Dublin : - 

1 Sometimes vessels sailing from Eng": - -- j .- . .-j^z^cz, 

were driven into Iridi ports by contraiy ■?. - .-.czis of 

removal dated 6 Mo. 6, 1709, broagiit on: ;.phia by 

Martha Grffitls, " whose Husband of Lst- /rtown in 

Jaimaca and hath wrote to his wife • ting 

willing to goe by An opatnnity of .S: j - by 

Contrary winds bound to Jaimaca." 

•The original, which is in the Penn M55. of the Historical Society of 
Pennsylvania, and which is printed in the Penna. ilng., XXI., 485-7, is 
addressed : " To Sr Penn, Knight Proprietor of Peosilvania now in Lon- 
Aaa," and is endorsed, " \jsxua from an Irish Capt". abost Ships being 
stopd going to Pensilva ". 

90 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

Dublin, May 3, 1736. 

"As you are the proprietor of pensylvania . 
. . I would beg Liberty to inform your Worship 
of some of the Dehculty w"'" poor people that 
are flying from the opprcsion of Landlords & 
tyeths ... to sevcrall parts of America Viz : 
When Last our Irish parlement was sitting 
there was a Bill brought in respecting the 
Transportation to America which made it next 
to a prohibition said Bill gready allarmed the 
people perdcularly in the north of Ireland and 
least a second should suckceed greater num'' 
than usual made ready but when said Land- 
lords found it so the fell on with other means by 
destressing the Owners & Masters of the Ships 
there being now ten in the harbour of Belfast. 

The methoud they fell in with first was that 
when anny of said ships Advertised that they 
were Bound for such a Port & when they would 
be in redeness to seal & thire willingness to 
agree with the passengers for which & no 
other Reasons they Esued out thire Warrants 
and had severall of said Owners & Masters 
apprehended & likewise the printers of said 
Advertisements & Bound in bonds of a thou- 
sand pounds to appear att Carrickfergus assizes 
or be thrown into a Lowthsome Geoal and for 
no other reason than Encuraging his Majesty's 

Haj's and Means of JMigrafion g i 

subjects as they were pleased to call thire In- 
dectment from on plantation to another. . . 
But the Judge was pleased to Discharge them. 
But yett a more Hellish contrivance has been 
thought of & is put in practice by Col^. Geo. 
Maartney of Belfast he will not now when said 
ships and passengers was redy to seal so 
much as allow the poor people to carry thire 
old Bed Cloathes with them allthow ever so old 
under pretence of An Act of the British 
parlement made the tenth & Eleventh Years 
of the Rean of King William & Repealed in ye 
year 1732 and said Ships . . . [are] obliged 
to lay this affair before the Com^^- of Dublin 
I & Hkewise most of the mert'. in this Town are 
affraid of success even with the Com"- will be 
obliged to lay it before the Lord Lieut, of this 
Kingdom & if that should feal than nothing less 
than his Majesty's Gratious Interpotion can effect 
. . . but a loss what does that in the meantime 
when no less then ten ships has been these 18 
or 20 days and no aperance of getting away 
and advanst charge the seson passing and which 
is yet much moveing 17 or 18 hun''. many ot 
which are in most deplorable circumstances not 
being so much as able to pay thire passage and 
all of them destitute of howses to put thire 
heads into or of means wherewith to support 
themselves maney of which has depended on 

92 Immig7-ation of the Irish Quakers 

their Friends in America from home they yearly 
have Accts and one [torn] they only depend 
for thire information. But our Landlords here 
affirms that these Accts are all of them 
Forgerys & Lyes the Contrivances of the pro- 
prietors Trustees & Masters of the American 
Ships. . . . 

"Your Hon" Most Hum'' & Most obt Ser 

"John Stewart." 

"N. B. I did not think proper in the body of 

the Letter to acquamt Your Hour y' of those 

ten Ships there is eio;-ht bound for Dalour 

[Delaware] & verry connciderable with them. 

I am &c. 

"John Stewart." 

Dangers of The voyage was a long and trying one, espe- 
voyage cially SO when attended by rough weather. The 
length of the passage varied all the way from six 
weeks to three months. Vessels were often 
driven far out of the course by contrary winds and 
carried as far south as the West Indies. Danger- 
ous diseases, such as small-pox, were of frequent 
occurrence, and many passengers died at sea. 
During the French W^ars, vessels were often at- 
tacked and the passengers imprisoned or sub- 
jected to loss of property and to harsh treatment. 
As an instance of this, may be cited the case of 

Wa^s and Means of Migration 93 

Samuel Massey and family who sailed from Cork 
in 1 7 10, intending for Philadelphia, but the vessel 
was seized by the French and they were carried 
off to the Island of Antigua in the West Indies.^ 
Finally, after much suffering and hardship, they 
reached Philadelphia, but so impoverished that 
they were unable to pay for their passage from 
Antigua, and Philadelphia Monthly Meeting had 
to assist them to the extent of thirty pounds. The 
French had taken even their certificate of removal, 
and Massey had to request the meeting in Cork 
to send a duplicate certificate. - 

In 1728, Robert Parke, while on the return Robert 
voyage from a business journey to England and pfajofa 
Ireland, notes in his diary^ that there were a num- voyage from 
ber of cases of small-pox aboard, several persons 
dying with it. Under date of June 11, 1728, he 
says: "This day one Margaret Darlington took 
the small pox and three of her children being 

'In a certificate of removal, dated 7 Mo. 12, 1752, received at Wil- 
mington Montlily Meeting, Delaware, Ballycane Meeting, County Wick- 
low, states that Elizabeth Robinson removed with her husband, Francis 
Robinson, from Ballycane some years before and has now requested the 
said certificate. " We also some years ago Gave he[r] a certificate to the 
same purpose which with her Daughter was taken by the french and mis- 
carried. " 

2 See MS. Records of Philadelphia Monthly Meeting : Book of Certifi 
files Received sxiA. Men's Minutes, 1682-iyn., Vol. I., 288-289 '■> Renna. 
Mag., VII., 473, note ; Philadelphia />;>;:(/, LII., I01-2, 106-7. Sarah, 
wife of Samuel Massey, was a daughter of Thomas Wight, of Cork, the 
original author of Rutty's Rise and Progress of the Quakers in Ireland, 
printed in 1 75 1. 

3 Cited by J. P. Parke. See footnote, page 71. 

Ireland, 1728 

94 Immigratio7i of the Irish Quakers 

down in it. Our true course is judged to be south." 
It seems that even in those days the sailors were 
ready to exact tribute from the unwary landsman. 
On June 14th, Parke writes : "This day Samuel Ask 
and I paid our observing muggs on the fore staff." 
It is inferred from this that the sailors demanded 
a mug of grog from any one who took an ob- 
servation of the sun by means of the " fore staff" 
or "cross-staff," the predecessor of the sextant. 
Another curious incident of the voyage is thus 
quaintly recorded in the diary, as of July 3 : 

"At 12 last nitrht we seen a lig-ht riy-ht a starn 
which some caled the half way house and said, 
' There lived one Peg Trotter.' Then all hands 
were called upon deck to se the said house and 
if possible to purchase some buttermilk for the 
passengers. It caused great rejoicing among all 
hands fore and aft. It contained a light upwards 
of one hour and half. The above light we put out 
on purpose to encourage the passengers, it being 
the imitation of y* half way house. It was a 
pitched barrel fixed in a large tub." 
A Favorite One of the favorite vessels with the emigrants 
was the Sizargh of Whitehaven, Jeremiah Cow- 
man, master. The Parkes, Jacksons, and many 
other Irish Friends, settlers in Chester County, 
came over on her. Robert Parke says in his let- 
ter of 1725 : " Be sure you come with Capt. Cow- 
man & you will be well used for he is an honest 


Ways and Illcans of Migj'ation 95 

man and has Civell Saylors as any that Cross the 
Seas, which I know by Experience, the Ship has 
been weather bound Since before Christmas by 
reason of frost & Ice that floats about in the River 
& the Saylors being at a Loose End Came down 
to Chester to See us." 

The following advertisement of this vessel ap- 
peared in the American Weekly Mercury ^ a 
newspaper printed at Philadelphia, September 2. 

"For BRISTOL directly. 

THE Ship Sizar gh, Nathan Cowma^i Master 
she being almost Loaded, and intends to Sail in 
Ten Days for the above Port, if any Persons 
have a mind to take Passage on Board the said 
Ship they may apply to said Master on Board 
where they may agree on reasonable Terms 
and be kindly used." 

The meetings in Pennsylvania, and particularly immigrants 
Philadelphia Monthly Meeting, extended a pater- Assisted by 

^ . . ■' .*' _ _ ^ Meetings 

nal care over immio^rant Friends, advisino- them 
as to settlement and frequently rendering needed 
financial assistance, especially in the payment of 
passage money, as in the case of Samuel Massey, 
just referred to. As early as 1685, Philadelphia 
Monthly Meeting took action in the matter, as ap- 
pears by the following extracts from the Minutes : 

' Files of this newspaper are in the collection of the Historical Society 
of Pennsylvania. 

96 Immig}'aiio}i of the Irish Qnakej'S 

9 Mo. 2, 1685. — "It being taken notice of by 
several friends of this meeting, that this meet- 
ing is greatly burthened and oppressed by the 
increase of the poor, more than any other 
place in the province by reason of people's 
general landing here, the meeting appoints Ed- 
ward Luffe to mention the same at the Quar- 
terly meeting for their conversation & advise 
for assistance." 

II Mo. 4, 1685. — "The testimony of advice 
to friends from Frances Taylor before she de- 
ceased, was read and ordered to be Recorded, 
and as to that part of her advise for counselling 
such as come over from Encrland, at their first 
arrival, what course to take, to manage what 
they bring and also relating to their settle- 
ment," a committee of thirteen is appointed " to 
Enquire as Ships come in, and as occasion pre- 
sents Give account to the monthly and Quar- 
terly meeting." 

At Philadelphia Monthly Meeting, 8 Mo. 25, 
171 1, "The widow of Mark Carlton applies her- 
self to this meetine for advice in relation to her 
affairs, being lately come from Ireland. In order, 
therefore, Anthony Morris and Richard Hill are 
desired to assist her with the best advice they are 
capable of" And, 7 Mo. 24, 1736, "A Certificate 
from the Mens Meeting at Coote Hill in Ireland 

lVaj}'s and Means of Migration 97 

dated the 21st Second Month 1736 on behalf of 
Isaac [Isaiah] McNiece who intends to settle in 
this City was read and well received, the Meet- 
ing being apprised that he labours under some 
Difficulty to raise Money to pay his passage 
Consent to lend four Pounds which Sum John 
Jones is directed to let him have and take his 
Obligation payable in twelve Months." 

Many of the Irish Friends who came to Penn- 
sylvania were young men just starting out in the 
world, and it was quite common for them to bring 
with them letters of introduction from well-known 
Friends in Ireland to prominent Friends in Penn- 
sylvania, requesting assistance for the young im- 
migrants in securing business positions. A letter 
of this character is preserved among the Pember- 
ton Papers of the Historical Society of Pennsyl- 
vania. John Barclay writes from Dublin, June 
I 7, 1 743, to Israel Pemberton, of Philadelphia : 

" I send this by Thos : Henderson 3d Son to 
our late Friend Patt!' Henderson^ who left a 
great Family of Children behind & this Young 
Man inclined to go to your Country, he has 

• Patrick Henderson, the author of a work called Truth and Inno- 
cetice. The Armour and Defense of the People called Quakers, was a pro- 
minent minister among the Friends in the North of Ireland. In I707> 
accompanied by Samuel Wilkinson, he travelled on a gospel mission 
throughout the limits of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting. " Patrick Hender- 
san," writes James Logan to William Penn, "is I think Scotch by birth, 
and is a most extraordinary young man as ever visited these parts.'' — Bcrw- 
den, II., 227. 



Imtnigration of the Irish Quakers 

Assisted by 
Meetings in 

The Coat of 

been of a Sober Conversation so far as I know 
of, the Ship going away Sooner than his Mother 
& he expected, they did not aslc for a Certifi- 
cate from Mountmelick Meeting in time, but I 
believe there will be one Sent after him '^. next 
Ship. He has no great stock I believe to trade 
with therefore I should think it would be advis- 
able to get him into Some Friends Counting 

The meetings in Ireland also gave assistance to 
their needy emigrant members. An instance of 
this is found in the Minutes of the Preparative 
Meetinor of Grange, near Charlemount. At the 
meeting 2 Mo. 3, 1741, "Patrick Holm & his 
wife also Hugh Kenedy & his family having Laid 
before our meeting their Intention of Removino- 
to America, they being poor friends & in want of 
help therefore this meeting agrees that William 
Delap doe Lay out y^ Sum of fiveteen pounds 
Ster : to help to pay their fraughts and other 
necessaries for y" Jurnay untill he be paid y" 
Same out of y" Interest Left to poor friends of 
this meeting also John Whitsit James Pillar 
W'illiam delap Thos Greer & Benj" Marshill are 
Desired to Draw Suitable Certificates for ye S"* 
Hugh Kenedy and for Jacob Hinshaw & his wife 
who Intends y' Same Journy." 

The cost of passage varied somewhat accord- 
ing to the time, but was, as Robert Parke states 

Ways and Means of Migration 99 

in his letter, about £g. Some of the ways of pay- 
ing the expense of the sea voyage are suggested 
by Parke. He says : "I desire thee may tell my 
old friend Samuel Thornton ... to Come here 
for both his & his wife's trade are Very good 
here, the best way for him to do is to pay what 
money he Can Conveniently Spare at that Side & 
Engage himself to Pay the rest at this Side & 
when he Comes here if he Can get no friend to 
lay down the money for him when it Comes to 
the worst, he may hire out 2 or 3 Children & wod 
have him Cloath his family as well as his Small 
Ability will allow, thee may tell him what things 
are proper to bring with him both for his Sea 
Store & for his use in this Country. I wod have 
him Procure 3 or 4 Lusty Servants & Agree to 
pay their passage at this Side he might sell 2 & 
pay the others passage with the money." 

It was a frequent occurrence for poor emigrants 
to sell themselves into temporary servitude, 
usually for a term of four years, in order to de- 
fray the cost of their transportation to Pennsyl- 
vania. On engaging passage the emigrants made 
an agreement or indenture with the shipmaster 
that they were to be sold after their arrival, and 
were known on this account as indented servants 
or redemptioners. It is evident from certificates of Redemptioners 
removal and other manuscripts that many Friends, 
particularly those from Ireland, arrived in this 

I oo Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

manner.^ The redemptioners could not be sold 
out of the Province without their consent freely 
given in open court or before a justice of the 
peace. At the end of their service, if their be- 
havior merited it, they received a suit of clothes, 
a set of tools of the occupation in which they were 
engaged,- and frequently a sum of money, and those 
who had come over with first purchasers were 
allowed by Penn to take up fifty' acres of land at 
a rent of one half-penny an acre per annum.^ 

Many of the Irish Friends brought over indented 
servants and disposed of them to advantage in 
the colony, where there was a great demand for 
laborers. William Pim writes in 1732, from Ches- 
ter County, Pennsylvania, to his uncles in Ireland, 
that he had lost a servant, "Jo: Gavin, by the 
small-po.x," and adds, "I am in expectation of Ja : 
Nicholson in a little time, ^, whom I expect an 
acct from Ireland & if he dont bring- me a servant 
or servants I shall be in great want, for I am soe 
now. I hired an Indifferent hand lately at Hus- 
bandry & it cost me 36' for 4 weeks (and diet)."'' 

' Mungo Bewlcy, a minister, who made a religious visit to Pennsylvania 
in 1732, in writing from Kdenderry, Ireland, to Isr-iel Pemberton, of 
Philadelphia, under date I Mo. l6, 1742-3, says : " I now Send these 
lines by the Hands of Samuel & Joshua Fayle the sons of a Poor Friend 
belonging to our Meeting who is for transporting theinselves into your Coun- 
try as Ser\'ants as also a Certificate from our mens meeting recommending 
of them." The Fayles were probably grandsons of William Edmundson. 

'John Fiske's Dutch ami Quaker Colonics in America, 11., 325-6. 

'Futhey and Cope's History of Chester County, 154, 430. 

* See Pim Family in Appendix. 

Ways and Means of Migration i o i 

When Robert Parke returned from his business trip 
to Ireland, in 1 728, he brought withhimsix servants, 
there being sixty-seven others on board the vessel. 

Among the earliest and most prominent of the Robert 
Irish Friends to brino- in servants was Robert ^"''"^''^ 

. . . . Redemp- 

Turner, who arrived at Philadelphia in 1683, with twners. 
his family and a cargo of seventeen redemptioners. 
Fortunately, a list of these, with their time of ser- 
vice and other interesting particulars, has been 
preserved and is given herewith : ' 

"In the Lion of Leverpoole, — 
Robert Turner late of Dublin in Ireland, merch' 
came in y' Lion of Leverpoole, John Crumpton 
M^ arrived here [Philadelphia] the 14'*' ^ 1683 
[Child] Martha Turner. 



of Service. 

Robt. Threwecks... 

4 ys. 

Henry Furnace 


Robt. Telford 



John Reeves 

Row: Hambridge... 

Richard Curlis 


John Furnace 


Daniel Furnace 


Robert Threewecks 


Lemuel Bradshaw.. 


Robt. Lloyd 


Wm Louge 

Hen. HoUingsworth 

Aiolce Cales 


Kath: Furnace 

Jos. Furnace 


in Money. 







of Land. 


Time of Freedom. 






14™^ 16S7 


'"Families who arrived at Philadelphia, 16S2-1687," in Penna. 
Mag., VHL, 334. 

I02 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 


Owino[- to harsh treatment and to dissatisfac- 
tion with their condition of servitude, the redemp- 
tioners were continually running away, and much 
of the business of the provincial courts con- 
sisted in hearing the complaints of masters and 
servants. The colonial newspapers are filled 
with advertisements of rewards offered for the re- 
turn of bond servants, such as the following^ by 
James Logan, the most eminent of the Irish 
Quakers in Pennsylvania : 

" RUN away from James Logan's Plantation 
near German Town the 28th Instant, an Irish 
Servant Lad, named Patrick Boyd, aged about 
17 or 18 years, with streight dark Hair, a 
freckled Face and a smooth Tongue, cloathed 
with a double-Breasted Pee-Jacket. a brownish 
Kersey Coat, a Pair of Leather Briches, and a 
good Felt Hat ; but he had other Cloaths with 
him. Also a fine short Fowling Piece of a Car- 
bine Length, or less. He went in Company 
with one Miles MacWard. Whoever takes and 
secures him shall be well rewarded for their 

' From the American Weekly Mercury, issued at Philadelphia, Thurs- 
day, March 3, 1721. A facsimile of this early newspaper (Hist. Soc. of 
Penna. ) was published by the Colonial Society of Pennsylvania, 1900. 




AS the population of the Province increased 
by birth and immigration, the richest lands 
of the old settlements along the Delaware 
were purchased and placed under cultivation, with 
a resultant rise in value ; and the later comers, if 
unable to purchase the best lands, or if not satis- 
fied with the less desirable lands, had to seek out 
fertile plantations in the forest wilds beyond the 
pale of the settlements. The latter course was 
usually pursued by the greater part of the later 
immigrants, excepting those who settled in the 
towns ; for to a large extent these people had but 
small means with which to establish themselves 
in the new country. 

Although some few Irish Friends came over 
during the first decade of the Colony and secured 
good lands in the old settlements, the greater part 
of them arrived later, after the best lands had been 
seated, and having little other capital than strong- 
arms and brave hearts, the farming element in 
particular were obliged to leave behind the culti- 
vated districts and push into the wilderness to fell 
the forests and clear the land for the upbuilding 

of the frontier homes. 


1 o6 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 
Distribution of The table given herewith shows that fully ninety 

tbe Irish 

[)cr cent, of the Irish Friends presented their certifi- 
cates of removal to Philadelphia Monthly Meeting 
and to the monthly meetings of Chester County, 
then including Delaware County. Chester 
County heads the list with nearly si.\ty-five per 
cent, of the total number, or two hundred and 
eighty-three adults, eighty-two of these being re- 
ceived at monthly meetings in what is now 
Delaware County. Philadelphia follows with 
twenty-six per cent, of the whole, or one hun- 
dred and seventeen adults. After Philadelphia 
Monthly Meeting comes New Garden, with one 
hundred adults ; then Kennett, formerly Newark, 
with eighty-two ; and Chester, with sixty-three. 
A large number of the Irish Friends remained 
within the limits of the monthly meetings to which 
they brought their certificates, but many of them 
made only a temporary home until a more suit- 
able location could be found. The tradespeople, 
who were chiefly from Dublin, Cork, Waterford, 
Limerick, and Wexford, naturally settled in Phila- 
delphia, where conditions seemed most favorable 
for their occupations and for their former mode of 
life. On the other hand, the farmers, or yeomen, 
who came largely from the country districts of 
Ulster and Leinster, and who constituted the 
greatest part of the migration, mostly sought out 
farms away from the towns. 

A Statistical Table, showing, as nearly as possible, the number of adult Friend 



















Buckingham Mo. Mtg 2 

Wrightstown Mo. Mtg 4 

Middlelown Mo. Mtg 5 

Montgomery County' 14 

Abington Mo. Mtg 10 

Gwynedd Mo. Mtg 4 

Philadelphia County H7 

Philadelphia Mo. Mtg 117 

Delaware County* 82 

RadnorMo. Mtg 3 

Chester Mo. Mtg 63 

Concord Mo. Mtg 16 

Chester County 201 

Kennett Mo. Mtg 82 

New Garden Mo. Mtg loo 

Bradford Mo. Mtg 7 

Goshen Mo. Mtg 12 






























Sadsbury Mo. Mtg 6 

York County * 8 

Warrington Mo. Mtg 8 










7I S 

Total 440 

S 12 


1 Formed from Philadelphia County in 1784. 

2 Formed from Chester County in 17S9. 


o migrated from Ireland to each monthly meeting and county in Pennsylvania, during the period 





































































[ 2 














































- >■• 














3 10 

























16 6 




'Formed from Chester County in 1729. 
< Formed from Lancaster County in 1749. 

Thomas Fairmans Mansion and Penn Treaty Elm 

At ShackamaxOn, now Kensington, PHruAOELPHiA 

Bank Meeting House. Philadelphia, IG85-I789 

Places of Settlement 107 

Philadelphia, as the metropolis of the new Prov- Philadelphia 
ince, became better known in the Old World than 
any other part of Pennsylvania, and a large pro- 
portion of the steady stream of Quaker colonists 
which poured into the country made this city its 
objective point ; and of the nineteen monthly 
meetings established in Pennsylvania prior to 
1750, as the writer's investigations have shown, 
Philadelphia Monthly Meeting easily ranked first 
as to the number of certificates of removal re- 

The first Quaker settlers on the west side of 
the Delaware, within the present limits of Phila- 
delphia, attended business meetings of the So- 
ciety at Burlington, in New Jersey, but as their 
numbers increased they established a meeting of 
their own early in the year 1682, at Thomas Fair- First Meeting 

, 1 . r-L I !'■•<. at Shacka- 

man s house at hhackamaxon, now Kensington, „,„^„„ 
where in the autumn of the same year William 
Penn is reputed to have made his Great Treaty 
with the Indians. Later in this memorable year a 
meeting was founded in the city proper, and a 
temporary house of worship called "the boarded 
meeting-house " was erected. This structure, it is 
supposed, was located on Front above Arch Street, 
where afterwards the Bank Meeting House was 
built, in 1685. 

The Bank Meeting House was intended for Bank Meet- 
First-day afternoon meetings, and the Center ^"^ 

io8 Immigration of tlic Irish Quakers 

Square Meeting House, built in 16S5-86, where 

the City Hall now stands, for the more important 

Center First-day morning and business meetings ; but as 

Square Meet- j.}^g Center Square was in the midst of the forest, 

ing House , i • t 

far from the center of the town s population along 
the Delaware, the meeting was not well attended, 
the Friends preferring to wait for the afternoon 
meeting at the Bank Meeting rather than take the 
long walk to the morning meeting at Center 
Square, so that in a few years the meeting here 
was abandoned. 

In 1695 the Great Meeting House was built at 
Great Meet- the southwest comer of Second Street and High 
tng House ^^low Market) Street, opposite the spot, where 
several years later the historic Old Court House 
was placed. This meeting house with some ad- 
ditions was used until 1754, when it gave way to 
a more commodious building. Here for more 
than a century were held the most important busi- 
ness and religious meetings of the Society in the 

The Irish Friends of Philadelphia, with the not- 
able exceptions of James Logan, Thomas Holme, 
Robert Turner, and some others, seem to have 
taken but a small part in meeting and civil affairs, 
and in associating with other nationalities appar- 

'Proud's Pennsylvania, I., 229; Watson's Annals of Philadelphia, 
299-300, 335-338; Michener's Retrospect, 50-52; Jacob R. Elfreth's 
" Philadelphia Meeting Houses," in The American /nV«(/ (Philadelphia) 
Vol. Vll. (1900); Minutes of Philadelphia Monthly Meeting. 

The Great Meeting House and Old Court House, Philadelphia 

Places of Settlement 109 

ently soon lost those characteristics which had 
been acquired in their Irish environment. For 
this reason little will be said of them collectively, 
but attention will be given to those Irish Friends 
who removed to the country districts, usually to 
settle, clanlike, near each other, and who inter- 
married and for generations preserved much of 
their racial identity. 

Several families of Irish Friends produced cer- Bucks County 
tificates of removal to the Monthly Meetings of 
Falls, Middletown, Buckingham, and Wrights- 
town, in Bucks County, but they were too few in 
number to deserve further mention than is given 
in the Appendix. 

A few Irish Friends came to the Monthly Meet- Montgomery 
ings of G\vynedd and Abington, in what is now 
Montgomery County, but their number was also 

Althoutfh no certificates from Ireland were re- seika county 
ceived at Exeter' Monthly Meeting in Berks 
County, yet many Irish Friends, who had first set- 
tled in New Garden and other places in Chester 
County, removed there and settled within the limits 
of the meetings of Exeter and Maiden Creek. 
Conspicuous among these Friends were : Moses 

' The Particular Meeting of Oley, later called Exeter, was established 
by Gwynedd Monthly Meeting, in 1721, and the Monthly Meeting in 
1737- Among the first Friends to settle here was George Boone, originally 
from Eradwinck, near Exeter, Devonshire, England, grandfather of Daniel 
Boone, the celebrated Kentucky pioneer. — Howard M. Jenkins' Gwynedd, 
80, 325 et sei/. 

1 1 o Immigration of iJtc Irish Quakers 





First Meet- 
ing in Penn- 
sylvania at 
Upland, 167s 

Starr, from County Meath, justice of the peace 
and first representative from Berks County into the 
Provincial Assembly; Benjamin Lightfoot, justice 
of the peace and sheriff of Berks County, 1752- 
1754; Francis Parvin, from County West Meath, 
justice of the peace and representative to the Pro- 
vincial Assembly ; and Nehemiah Hutton (son of 
Thomas), from County Carlow. 

As the table shows, eighty-two adult Irish 
PViends arrived at the three monthly meetings in 
what is now Delaware County, sixtj'-three being 
received at Chester Monthly Meeting, sixteen at 
Concord Monthly Meeting, and but few at the 
Welsh Monthly Meeting at Radnor, or Haver- 
ford, with its subordinate or particular meetings of 
Haverford, Radnor and Merion (Montgomery 

Robert Wade, an English Friend, the first mem- 
ber of the Society to locate on the west side of the 
Delaware, settled among the Swedes and Dutch on 
the west bank of Chester Creek at Upland, later 
called Chester, in 1675, and in that year William 
Edmundson,' then on a religious visit to the 
American colonies, held a meeting at his house.'- 
This was the first F"riends' meeting held in the 
Province of Pennsylvania.'- A meeting was prob- 
ably held regularly after 1677, by which time 

^Journal, lo8. 

•Ashmead's Delaware County, 334; Dr. Smith's Delaware County, 

Places of Settlemejit 1 1 1 

several other Friends had arrived in the neigh- 
borhood.^ No doubt the First-day and mid-week 
meetino-s continued to be held at Robert Wade's 
house, known as Essex House, until 7 Mo. (Sep- 
tember) II, 16S2, shortly before the coming of 
William Penn, when the Monthly Meeting 
"agreed y' a meeting shall be held for y^ service 
& worship of god every first day at y'' court house - 
at Vpland." ^ 

It was at the landing place opposite the famous Arrival of 
Essex House that the Proprietor first touched the penn,i6S2 
soil of the Province which bears his name. Penn 
sailed from^ Deal, in England, 6 Mo. (August) 30, 
1682, on board of the ship Welcome, of three hun- 
dred tons burden, Robert Greenaway, com- 
mander, in company with about one hundred pas- 
sengers, mostly Friends from Sussex, among 
whom was at least one party of Irish Friends, Irish Friends 
Dennis Rochford, with his family and two serv^ants, ■• weuome" 
originally from Enniscorthy, County Wexford.^ 
Great distress was experienced during the passage 
in consequence of the breaking out of small-pox, 

' Futhey and Cope, History of Chester County, 230. 

*This court house was doubtless "y' house of defence att upland" 
ordered to be completed and fitted up for the use of the Upland Court, in 
1677. — Dr. Smith's Delaware County, 114, 137. 

'Futhey and Cope, Chester County, 231. 

•The London Gazette of September 4, 1682, announced that on August 
31, " sailed out of the Downs three ships bound for Pennsylvania on board 
of which was Mr. Pen, with a great many who go to settle there." — Stone 
in IVinsor, III., 480. 

5 Futhey and Cope, Chester County, 23. 

1 1 2 Imniig7-atioii of the Irish Quakers 

of which thirty of the emigrants died, among them 
being two of Rochford's daughters. In this trj'ing 
situation, writes Richard Townsend, one of the pas- 
sengers, Penn's "care was manifested in contribut- 
ing to the necessities of many, who were sick of 

Memorial Stone at Chester, Marking Landing Place 
OF William Penn, 1682. 

the Small-pox." ' Otherwise the voyage was pros- 
perous, the vessel arriving, 8 Mo. (October) 27, 
at New Castle, where Penn landed and with much 
ceremony received from the inhabitants " turf and 
twig and water," the feudal signs of his posses- 
sion of the Three Lower Counties.'- The next 

^ Proud, I., 228. 

' Hazard's Annals of Pennsylvania, 597. 

Places of Settlement 1 1 3 

day the Welcome stood up the Delaware and cast- 
ing anchor off the mouth of Chester Creek Penn 
landed, and was hospitably received and enter- 
tained by Robert Wade at Essex House. ^ 

As early as 1687, steps were taken for the First Meet- 
buildinpf of a meeting-house at Chester, but this ^"f House at 

c' •=> _ _ _ ' Chester, idgj 

was not finally accomplished until in 1693, when 
a stone structure was erected on the east bank 
of Chester Creek. 

The first " monthly meeting of friends belong- 
ing to marcus hooke & vpland held then at Robert 
Wad's house," occurred "the 19 day of y" 11 
month, 1 68 1," and was the first monthly meeting 
established in Pennsylvania. The Monthly Meet- Monthly 
ing was sometimes held at Chester, possibly at \abiisiud i6Si 
Robert Wade's house or perhaps at the old Court 
House, where the Particular Meeting of Chester 
was held ; but at a Monthly Meeting held 1 2 Mo. 
7, 1686, it was " order'd y' y" monthly meeting 
from hence forthe be kept at Walter fossett's^ 
house [in Ridley Township] untell farther order." 

^ Proud, I., 204-206; Dr. Smith's Delaware County, 13S-139 ; Ash- 
mead's Delaware County, 20. 

2 Walter Faupett, with his wife Grace, arrived at Chester as early as 
16S4. For a time I thought it probable that he had come from Ireland, 
whence came the other Faucetts of Chester Monthly Meeting, but Gilbert 
Cope, of West Chester, Pa., informs me that Walter Fawcet, of Haverah 
Park, in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England, was married, 3 Mo. 23, 
1675, in a Friends' Meeting, at Henry Settle's house, Harefield, in Nether- 
dale, Yorkshire, to Grace Atkinson. Besse notes in Sufferings of the 
Quakers (II., 156) that in 1683 one "Walter Fawcett, for being at a 


Immigration of the Irish Quakers 



Places of Settlement 1 1 5 

Thus it continued until 1693, when it began to 
"circulate" at the houses of John Simcock, in 
Ridley ; Robert Vernon, Thomas and Randall 
Vernon, and John Edge, in Nether Providence ; 
George Maris, Joseph Stedman and Bartholo- 
mew Coppock, Jr., in Springfield ; and Caleb 
Pusey,^ at Chester Mills, near Chester. After 1 700, 
meeting-houses having been erected for the par- 
ticular meetings constituting Chester Monthly 
Meeting — especially for Chester, Springfield, 
Providence and Middletown — the Monthly Meet- 
ing circulated more at the meeting-houses, finally 

meeting at Askwith [four miles southwest of Haverali Park], had taken from 
him two Oxen worth ;^9," and that in 1684 " For Meetings at Skipworth, 
were taken from Walter Fawcett, two Oxen worth £<) " (II., 159). Besse 
also notes (II., 122) : " May 27d, 1670. At a Meeting of Quakers at the 
House of Thomas Fawcett, at Hawes in Wenslydale [' Wenslydale North- 
Riding, in the County of York'] : Ilis Fine ..^20" ; and June, 12, 1670, 
at a meeting at Bainbrigg Pastures, Yorkshire, Thomas Fawcett had a fine 
taken from him (II., 123). Walter Faucett settled on the north-east 
side of Ridley Creek, his land extending to Crura Creek, and took a 
prominent and active part in civil affairs and in meeting work, being a min- 
ister among Friends. In 1685 he was appointed one of the Peace Makers 
for Chester County — then an office of considerable responsibility — and also 
served one year as a member of the Assembly. For many years Chester 
Monthly Meeting was held at his house, notwithstanding that it was kept as 
a tavern or inn for at least part of the time. His wife Grace having died 
in 16S6, he was married to Rebecca Fearne, of Darby, in 1694. He died 
in 1704, leaving two sons — John (who married Grace Crook) and Nathan, 
by his first wife ; and three daughters, Rebecca, Mary and .Sarah, by his 
second wife. In 1698 he paid a religious visit to England (Dr. Smith's 
Delaware County, 462). 

•Caleb Pusey's house, built in 16S2, is still standing at Upland, near 
Chester, in a good state of preservation, and is the oldest building in 

1 1 6 It7tmigration of the Irish Quakers 

becoming settled at Providence^ (near the pres- 
ent Borough of Media). 
Concord y\ particular meetinof was established by Chester 

Monthly , , , , ,t • -5, . , . , , 

Meeting Monthly Meetmg at Chichester, in the latter part 
of 1682, and a meeting-house was built in 1688 on 

Chichester a tract of two acres of land given to the meeting 
by James Brown. This building was destroyed 
by fire in 1768, and the present house erected 
the following year.- 

Concord Coucord Particular Meetingr was regfularly es- 
tablished in 1685; for at Chester (now Concord) 
Quarterly Meeting, 9 Mo. i, 1685, "It is agreed 
y' y" meeting formerly held at John Gibbons house 
should from this time forward be held one first 
day & one fourth day at John Gibbons' & 
another first day & fourth day at Nicholas New- 
land's, until further order." At the meeting 6 Mo. 
2, 1686, it was "Agreed y' y" meeting formerly 
ordered to be one first day at Nicolas Newland's^ 
and y° other first day at John Gibbon's be from 
this time removed & kept at Nicholas Newlands 
only, till further order (viz.) y^ first & fourth 
days meeting." 9 Mo. 4, 1695, " '^ ^^^^ agreed 
that Concord meeting which was moveable be now 
fixed at the new meeting hoiise."^ It would seem 

' Futhey and Cope, Chester County, 230-231. 

^ Ibid., 232-233; Ashmead, 450-1. 

' Nicholas Newlin and his son Nathaniel who were from Mountmcllick 
Meeting, Queen's County, Ireland, settled in Concord in 1683, and were 
the most prominent Friends of Concord Meeting. 

« Futhey and Cope, Chester County, 232. 














Places of Settlement 1 1 7 

from the latter extract that the meetino--house was 
erected as early as 1695. In 1 728 the old wooden 
meeting-house was replaced by a brick building. 
In 1788 this structure was consumed by fire and 
the present meeting-house erected.^ 

Birmingham Meeting, in Birmingham Township, Birmingham 
Chester County, was subordinate to Concord ^"^ '"^ 
Monthly Meeting until its erection into a monthly 
meeting in 1 8 1 5. The meeting was first held " att 
John Bennet's house," in 1 704. The first meeting- 
house was built about 1721 on an acre of ground 
" near the Great Road," conveyed to the Meeting 
by Elizabeth, widow of Richard Webb, for a con- 
sideration of £;}). The present meeting-house was 
built in 1763, Benjamin Hawley noting in his diary 
of that year that he "went to the Raising of y" 

Three of the prominent Irish members of this 
meeting were John Fred, from County Carlow ; 
his son Nicholas Fred ; and Samuel Hollings- 
worth (son of Valentine Hollingsworth), justice 
of the peace and representative to the Provincial 

In its earliest days the Monthly Meeting was The iVonthiy 
known as Chichester, then as Chichester and Con- EstabUshed 
cord, and finally as Concord Monthly Meeting. '6S4 
At the Quarterly Meeting at Chester, 12 Mo. 4, 

' Ashmead's Delaware County, 484. 
^ Futhey and Cope, 162, 233-4. 

I I S InDiiigratioii of the /risk Quakers 

Meetings in 
New Castle 
County on 


1683-4. it was ordered that " Chechester Monethly 
Meateing be y'' second second day of eavery 
moneth," and according to the records of the 
Monthly Meeting, "The fearst monthly meeting 
held by friends in Chichester [was] on y' 1 7''' of 
the first month, in y"" year 1684." At the Quar- 
terly Meeting, 6 Mo. 2, 1686, it was " Ordered that 
y" monthly meeting formerly held at Chechester be 
from henceforth kept one month at Chechester 
and one month kept at Concord & y" next 
monthly meeting to begin at Concord, until 
farther order." After 1729 it was held altogether 
at Concord.^ 

The meetings in New Castle County " on Dela- 
ware" received an important migration of Irish 
Friends, and although now within the State of 
Delaware, in those early days were in that part of 
Penn's possessions known as " The Territories " 
or "Lower Counties" of Pennsylvania ^ ; there- 
fore they come properly within the range of our 

About 1682, several Friends with their families 
arrived and settled near each other on the east 
side of Brandywine Creek, in New Castle County. 
Among these were: Valentine Hollingsworth, from 
Parish of Segoe, County Armagh, justice of the 
peace and for many years a representative to 

' Futhey and Cope, 232. 
'Thwaites, Colonies, 210. 

Places of Settlement 1 19 

the Provincial Assembly ; his son-in-law, Thomas 
Conway, or Connaway, from Lisburn, County 
Antrim ; William Stockdale,^ justice of the peace, 
probably from County Tyrone, Ireland; Adam 
Sharply,- possibly related to Ralph Sharply, of 
Belfast ; John Musgrave, from north of Ireland, 
later a settler in Lancaster County and a rep- 
resentative to the Provincial Assembly ; Morgan 
Drewett, who came from London to Burlington, 

1 Ha may have been nearly related to William Stockdale, a minister, of 
County Tyrone, who came over to Philadelphia on the ship Friendship, in 
1684, and served as a member of the Provincial Council. 

2 Adam Sharply and wife Mary were active in the affairs ot Newark or 
Kennett Monthly Meeting. Their children, Benjamin and Charity, were 
bom II Mo. 10, 1686-7. Adam died 9 Mo. 27, 1694, and was buried in 
Friends' burial ground at Newark. Rachel Sharpley, probably a daughter, 
was married about 8 Mo., 1686, under the auspices of Newark Monthly 
Meeting, to Thomas Pierson, Deputy Surveyor, of New Castle County, and 
died 7 Mo. 2, 16S7 ; burial at Newark. [Records of Nra'ark Monthly 
Meeting.) A daughter, Abagail, was married, 12 Mo. 23, 1692-3 to 
Alphonsus Kirk, and died in 1748. There was also a William Sharply, 
probably a son (authority of Gilbert Cope). 

Possibly Adam Sharply was related to one Ralph Sharply mentioned, 
by Ruttv (343), who states that a meeting was settled at Belfast about 
1671 or 1672, " and Ralph Sharpley came from England and resided there ; 
but apostatizing into evil Practices, lost his condition and corrupted others, 
which with the removal of some to America proved a means of that meet- 
ing being lost." Nodoubt this was Ralph Sharply, the Friend, of Derby- 
shire, of whom the following account is found in Besse (I., 137): "On 
the 2lst of the Month called August [1659] Ralph Sharpley" and 
others, " going toward the Meeting at Ashburn, were, by Order of two 
Justices, set in the Stocks above an Hour. After they were released thence, 
Ralph Sharpley was concerned to preach to the People, for which he was 
sent to the House of Correction," for two days, and finally committed to 
"Derby Goal, where he was kept ten Days." In 1661 for attending a 
meeting at Eyam in the High-Peak he was imprisoned and subjected to 
cruel treatment [Besse, I., 138-139). 

1 20 Immigration of the Ii'isli Quakers 

New Jersey, in 1677;^ and Cornelius Empson.- 
They held meetings for worship at the houses of 
Valentine Hollingsworth and Cornelius Empson.^ 
Valentine Hollingsworth lived on a largeplantation 
of nearly a thousand acres on Shelpot Creek, in 
Brandywine Hundred, about five miles north-east 
of the present City of Wilmington, Delaware, and 
in 1 687, he gave " unto ffriends for A burying place 
half an Acre of [his] land for y' purpose there be- 
ing Some already buried in y^ Spot, ffriends have 
referred fencing of it." ^ A meeting-house was 
afterward built on this plot and the meeting known 
as Newark, from the name of the plantation, 
which in the original survey of 1684 was called 
'' New Worke," doubtless a corruption of Newark. 
A meeting was continued here until 1754, when 
the Friends "being suited with a better conveni- 
ency, it was laid down." '^ 
NewCasiu \^ i gg^^ "John Hussey, John Richardson, Ed- 
ward Blake, Benjamin Swett and other Friends, 
being- settled in and near New Castle, held meet- 
ings at each other's houses. ... In 1705 a lot of 
ground was purchased, and a meeting-house 
built."" Very few Irish Friends settled here. 

' Dr. Smith's Delaware County, 456. 

2 From Yorkshire. — Gilbert Cope. 

3 Samuel Smith in Hazard's Register, VII., cited by Muhcner, 95. 

* Minutes of Xewark Monthly Meeting. 

' P'uthey and Cope, C/iesterjOounty, 233 ; Michener, 95. 

'Samuel Smith in Hazard's Register, \'II., cited by MicAentr, 95. 

Places of Settlement 1 2 1 

The meeting was discontinued in 1758, its mem- 
bers attending Wilmington Meeting.^ 

A meeting was held at the house of William 
Cox, at Hockessin, in Mill Creek Hundred, in ti°ckessin 

Meeti ng 

New Castle County, as early as 1730, but was 
not regularly established until 1737. The meet- 
ing received its name of Hockessin from an In- 
dian village formerly near the place. Among the 
first settlers were John Baldwin, William Cox, 
and the Irish Friends, Henry and John Dixon. 
In 1738, a meeting-house was built, and enlarged 
in 1745.- 

A meetino- for worship was established in ^f^timmgton 

•=' ... Meeting 

the newly founded town of Wilmington in the 
early part of 1738, and held for a few months 
at the house of William* Shipley, one of the 
founders of the town, until later in the year a 
small brick meeting-house — now a part of Friends' 
School at Fourth and West Streets — was erected. 
In 1748 a larger house was built. This in turn 
was succeeded by the present structure, erected in 
I Si 6. The monthly meeting was formed in 1750 
by a division of Newark Monthly Meeting.^ Quite 
early in its history, Wilmington received Irish 

^ AIii:hencj\ 95 . 

'^ Ibid., 103 ; Fttthey a>id Cope, 239. 

' Michener, 73 ; Futhey and Cope, 240 ; A Sketch of the Early His- 
tory of Wilmington, by Margaret Tatnall Canby, in Literary Era (Phila- 
delphia), VIII. (1901), 242-45; Friends' Intelligencer (Philadelphia), 
LIV. (1897), 569; Scharfe's History of Delaware, II., 711. 

1 2 2 iDimigration of tlic Irish Quakers 

Friends as settlers, and at the present day as a 
great center of commerce and industry no small 
part of its large population springs from Irish 
Quaker stock. 
Cenite About 1 687, the brothers George and Michael 

Meeting , ^ . * 

Harlan, from Parish of Donnahlong, County 
Down ; Thomas Hollingsworth, son of Valentine 
Hollingsworth ; Alphonsus Kirk, from Lurgan, 

County Armagh ; William Gregg, probably from 
the north of Ireland; William Dixon or Dixson, 
from Parish of Segoe, County Armagh ; and other 
Friends setded on the west side of Brandy- 
wine Creek, in Christiana Hundred, New Castle 
County, near the present village of Centerville, 
and became the founders of what later was known 
as Centre Meetingf- 

For several years during the summer months 
they attended Newark Meeting at Valentine Hol- 
lingsworth's, but in the winter season were allowed 
to hold a meeting of their own at the homes of 
some of their number, doubtless most of the time 
at the house of George Harlan. At Newark 
Monthly Meeting, lo Mo. 7, 1687, was granted " y' 

Places of Settlement i 2 3 

request of friends beyond Brandywine to have a 
meeting there this winter Season"; and 10 Mo. 2, 
1689, "George Harlan Desireing y' Concurrance 
of ffriends on behalf of y" familys on y^ other side of 
Brandywine for y* holding of a Meeting this winter 
Season amongst themselves by reason of the dan- 
gerousness of y" ford to which y^ Meeting agrees 
& Consents."^ 9 Mo. 7, 1702, "ffriends on y^ 
south side of Brandywine haveing requested y' they 
may have Every other first day a meeting on their 
side y" Creek this meeting having taken it into 
Consideration allows thereof and for y*" more cer- 
tain knowledge and settlement of our meeting it is 
thought Expedient and necessary y' our meetings 
be kept only at two places viz' at Newark, at 
Valentine Hollingsworth's, one first day, and on 
y^ other side of Brandywine y^ other first day." 

The records indicate that a meeting-house was 
not built until about 171 1. At the Monthly Meet- 
ing, 5 Mo. I, 1710, "Its agreed upon y' Al- 
phonsus Kirk is to be allowed 7s. 6d. ^ acre 
for what Land y" meeting have occation for not 
Exceeding six Acres." 9 Mo. 3, 171 1, "This 
meeting appoints George Harlan, Thos. Hol- 
lingsworth Alphonsus Kirk and Sam" Graves to 
take y° oversight of y" building of y^ Center meet- 
ing house requesting y" w"** all Convenient speed 
to let out y" work to some workmen in order y' it 

' JMinutcs NeiL'ark Monthly Aleetins. 

124 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

may be y" more speedily done and return an ace" 
to y^ next meeting how they proceed." ^ About 
1795, the wooden structure erected at this time 
was replaced by the present brick building.- One 
of the most prominent of the early ministers of 
this meeting was Christopher Wilson, who came 
over from Ireland in 1712, and settled in New 
Castle County. 

Chester Chester County," one of the three original 
ounty (^Q,^,r|j.jgg Qf ^iig Province established by Penn in 
1682, received the larger part of the Irish Quaker 
mioration and deserves a full measure of our atten- 
tion. Pearly in the eighteenth century the tide of 
migration began to move into the backwoods, and 
we find Friends from the old settlements in New 
Castle County and what is now Delaware County 
pushing their way through the forests and develop- 
ing new locations in the wild but fat and fertile 
uplands of Chester County. For a time these 

' Fulhey and Cope, 233. 

* Ellwood Michener's sketch of Centre Meeting in an issue of the Ktn- 
nett Square (Pa.) Advanee, about 1890. 

'With the kind permission of Gilbert Cope, the surviving author, the 
writer has oljtained the main facts of this section on Chester County from 
Futhey and Cope's excellent History of the County, and that work is llie 
authority used unless otherwise indicated. 

Places of Settlement i 2 5 

Quaker pioneers made the long and often danger- 
ous journey to attend the meetings of the old 
settlements, but as other members settled near 
them, meetings of their own were erected, held 
at first in private houses, later in rude log meet- 
ing-houses, and ultimately, keeping pace with the 
development of the country, in more substantial 
buildinos of brick or stone. 


Four monthly meetings, Newark, New Garden, 
Bradford, and Goshen, were held within the present 
limits of Chester County previous to 1750. New- 
ark Monthly Meeting, the parent of New Garden 
and Bradford, was established in New Castle 
County, in 1686, and included not only the meet- 
ings of New Castle County, but all those of southern 
Chester County, until the erection of the Monthly 
Meetings of New Garden in 171S, and Bradford 
in 1737. Goshen Monthly Meeting, formed from 
Chester Monthly Meeting in 1722, included within 
its bounds nearly all the northern meetings of the 

Newark Monthly Meeting, since 1760 known Newark or 
as Kennett Monthly Meeting, held its first ses- Mont^Meet- 
sions, according to the minutes, in 1686, at the i^g 
house of the widow Welsh in New Castle, and 
continued there until 6 Mo. 28, 1687, when it was 
decided "y' it may be more Convenient] for y'= 
present, that it be kept twice over y^ other Side 
of Brandywine y' third ... to be kept at New- 

I 2 6 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

castle."^ The Monthly Meeting was held mostly 
at Valentine Hollingsworth's after 1689, but cir- 
culated to various houses up to 3 Mo. 6, 1 704, 
when " This meeting Orders that our next 
Monthly Meeting be held at y' Center w'*" is sup- 
posed to be George Harlans ould house." It 
was held last at Newark in 1707, but after Center 
Meeting House was built it was usually held at 
the latter place for some years. At length it be- 
came settled at Kennett, and on that account 
dropped the old name of Newark - 
Kenneii Samucl Smith, in his history of the Pennsylvania 
Meeting rneetings,'^ says that in 1707, "Vincent Caldwell, 
Thomas Wickersham, Joel Daily, Thomas Hope, 
Guyan Miller [an Irish Friend], and others, being 
settled in Kennet and the east end of Marl- 
borough, had liberty to keep a meeting for wor- 
ship sometimes in private houses. In the year 
1 7 10 a piece of land was purchased and a meet- 
ing-house built, which was enlarged in 17 19; in 

1 73 1 it was further enlarged." One of the most 
eminent ministers of this meeting was Thomas 
Carleton, a native of King's County, Ireland. 

' Minutes Newark Monthly Meetitig. 
* Futhey and Cope, 232-3. 
3 Hazard's Kegistet, VII. 





















Places of Settletnent 1 2 7 

In 1699, William Penn directed Henry Holling-s- Manor of 
worth, deputy-surveyor of Chester County, to lay Letiua-s" 
out a tract of 30,000 acres of land for his two "^^1^°^ 
children, William and Letitia Penn. This survey 
included all of the present Township of New 
Garden and the oreater part of Kennett, with 
several thousand acres in the northern part of 
New Castle County. 

The large survey was divided, the eastern part, 
consisting of 15,500 acres, being conveyed to 
Letitia Penn, and the western part, of 14,500 acres, 
to her brother William Penn, Jr. Letitia's tract 
was confirmed to her by her father's patent, dated 
October 23, 1701, in consideration of one " Bever 
skinn" yearly and "the fatherly love and natural 
affection I bear to her my said daughter." This 
tract received the name of the Manor of Steyning, 
also called Letitia's Manor, with the privilege "To 
have and to hold a Court Baron with all things 
whatsoever to a Court Baron belonging, and to 
have and to hold view of ffranck pledge for the 
conservation of the peace and the better Govern- 
ment of y^ tenants holding or hereafter to hold of 
the said Mannor." 

Letitia Penn, who had come over to Pennsyl- 
vania with her father on his second visit in 1699, 
returned with him to England in 1701, before her 
departure by power of attorney authorizing James 
Logan and Edward Pennington to dispose of land 

128 Immi<rratio7i of the Irish Oitakers 

and to have the management of her property here. 
Pennington soon died and Logan was her sole at- 
torney, until in 171 1, having married William 
Aubrey, a London merchant, Letitia and her hus- 
band executed another power of attorney to 
Logan and Samuel Carpenter. 
Kennett The land described in Letitia Penn's patent in- 
Township (,l^JgJ nearly all of the Township of Kennett, 
excepting a few small tracts already conveyed to 
settlers, and although for some years known by 
its manorial name, it soon came to be called Ken- 
nett.^ Kennett is first mentioned on the court 
records in February, 1705, when Henry Peirce 
appeared in court as constable for that township. 
In 1706, he was appointed supervisor of the high- 
ways, and Ezekiel Harlan (son of George Har- 
lan), the heaviest tax payer in the Township, suc- 
ceeded him as constable. George Harlan and 
Gayen Miller were probably the first of the Irish 


S1K C^^^ 


Friends to secure land in Kennett. In 1702, 
Miller purchased 200 acres on the east branch of 
Red Clay Creek, including the eastern part of the 

' The name Kennett, it is Ihoiiglit, was suggested by Krancis Smith, who 
in 16S6 had taken up 200 acres of land at the mouth of Pocopson Creek, 
within the original limits of the township, and who had come from Devizes, 
in Wiltshire, England, in which county there is a creek and a village 
called Kennett. 

Places of Settlement 1 29 

present Borough of Kennett Square.' He was 
elected to the Provincial Assembly in 1 714." Har- 
lan, as we have previously stated, settled at first 
at Centre in New Castle County, but soon moved 
up the Brandywine and purchased 470 acres in 
Kennett, now Pennsbury, Township. While liv- 
ing here he had for his neighbors, over the creek 
in a great bend, a settlement of Indians. After 
they had gone away he obtained, in 1701, a war- 
rant for 200 acres in this bend of the creek, the 
land beino- aranted " in reirard of the great trouble 
and charge he has bore in fencing and maintain- 
incr the same for the said Indians while living 
thereon." George Harlan was elected to the Pro- 
vincial Assembly from New Castle County in 
1695, and from Chester County in 1712.^ 

Of the forty-three persons taxed in Kennett, 
in 171 5, there were nine Irish Friends, as follows : 
Gayen Miller, 8s. 6d. ; Michael Harlan, 5s. 6d. ; 
Ezekiel Harlan, 12s. 6d. ; Aaron Harlan, 5s. 6d. ; 
Moses Harlan, 4s. 2d. ; Valentine HoUingsworth, 
2s. 9d. ; James Harlan, 2s. 6d. ; Joshua Harlan, 

' Kennett Square was laid out and named about 1768 or 1769 ; for in 
a deed of 9 Mo. 29, 1768, William Dixson conveyed to Joseph Musgrave 
a tract of 3 acres in Kennett Township, " in a place intended to be laid 

out for an inland town called town," the blank indicating that a name 

had not yet been chosen ; and the next year Dixson conveyed to Musgrave 
another tract "near a place called Kennett Square." Both grantor and 
grantee in this transaction were of Irish Quaker stock. 

^Pt'nnn. Archives, 2nd Series, IX., 686. 

^/bid., 652, 686. 


1 30 Imtnigration of the Irish Qiiakc7's 

2S. 6d. ; John Gregg, 3s. 4d. In 17 16, Benjamin 
Fred, originally from Carlow Meeting, Ireland, 
purchased 200 acres in the Township. 
NewjGaiden .\g ^y^j have Stated, William Penn, Jr., received 

Township r i i 

the western part ot the 30,000 acres surveyed 
by HoUingsworth, in 1699, and his sister Letitia 
the eastern part. The western tract of 14,500 
acres was granted by patent to Penn, by the com- 
missioners of property. May 24, 1 706, and like his 
sister's land received the name of the Manor of 
Steyning. Before obtaining the patent young 
Penn had already appointed Griffith Owen, James 
Logan, and Robert Ashton as his attorneys, he 
being about to return to England. The land was 
not immediately taken up by settlers, but about 
1 7 1 1 , several families of Friends from Ireland, 
principally from the Province of Leinster, with a 
few from the Province of Ulster, arrived and, pre- 
senting their certificates of removal to Newark 
Monthly Meeting, settled in that part of the Manor 
which lay north of the circular line, giving to their 
new home the name of New Garden in remem- 
brance of New Garden Meeting, in County Car- 
low, Ireland, whence came John Lowden and 
others of the company. Some time after, the part 
of the Manor north of the circular line was erected 
into a township and called New Garden. 

These Irish Friends in most cases had been 
settled on the land some years before obtaining 

Places of Settlement 131 

their titles. In 171 2, Gayen Miller, of Kennett, 
purchased 700 acres, while the next year grants 
were made to John Lowden, James Lindley, 
Michael Lightfoot, Joseph Hutton, from County 
Carlow ; James Starr, from County Meath ; Wil- 
liam Halliday, from County West Meath ; Thomas 
Jackson, from Queen's County; and John Miller, 
from Grange near Charlemont ; and in 17 14, to 
Thomas Garnett, from Grange near Charlemont, 
and to Joseph Sharp, possibly from Dublin or near 
by. The whole amount of land purchased by 
these Friends, including two grants to Mary Row- 
land, in 1708, and to Abram Marshall in 1713, 
Friends not from Ireland, was 5413 acres, at the 
rate of £ 20 per hundred, or according to modern 
computation, one dollar per acre. 

A drafts of the Manor, made not lonof after the 
above grants, probably by John Taylor, surveyor, is 
reproduced on the next page in the form of a map, 
and shows that nearly the whole of what is now New 
Garden Township was seated by Irish Friends.'- 
The following is a list of the first settlers of the 
Manor, as shown on this map, the numbers indi- 
cating the location of the land and the asterisk 
showing who were Irish Friends : 

1 The original draft is in possession of Thompson Richards, of Tough- 
kenamon, who is a descendant of several families of Irish Friends, and who 
owns and resides upon a large part of the 700 acres granted to his ances- 
tor, Mary Rowland, iri 170S. 

2 With the kind permission of EUwood Michener, I have made use of 
his History of New Garden, a valuable series of sketches tracing the his- 










Map of the >Unor ok Stlnmnc, Later New Garden Township 

Places of Settlement 


A. Toughkenamon Hill line. l6. Thos. Edmunds and Thos 

B. Middle division line. John. 

C. Pennsylvania and Delaware 17. Reece Meredith. 

State line. 18. Anthony Houston. 

1. Mary Rowland. 19. Vacant. 

*2. John Miller. 20. William Rutledge. 

*3. Robert Johnson. *2I. Simon Hadly. 

4. Evan Evans. *22. Benjamin Fred. 

*5. Joseph Sharp. *23. John Lowden. 

*6. James Lindley. *24. Thomas Milhous. 

*7. Thomas Garnett. *25. James Starr. 

*8. Joseph Sharp. *26. Francis Hobson. 

»9. John Sharp. *27. Gayen Miller. 

*io. Michael Lightfoot. *28. Joseph Hutton. 

*li. John Wily. 29. William Huse. 

*I2. Thomas Jackson. 30. John Thomas. 

*I3. William Halliday. 31. John Evans. 

14. Abram Marshall. 32. Vacant. 
*I5. John Miller. 

The tracts, as may be seen, were mostly rec- 
taneular. In the north-east corner we find Rob- 
ert Johnson, from County Carlow, with 200 
acres, confirmed to him in 171 5 ; Evan Evans, 
probably a Welshman, with 500 acres in the 
north-west corner, which he sold some time prior 
to 1 716 to Thomas Garnett; Joseph Sharp 
below him on White Clay Creek, 200 acres, 

tory of the land, as laid out in this draft, from the first to the present 
owners, which appeared in the weekly issues of the Kennett Square 
{V&.') Advance , during the years 1S9S and 1899. Elhvood Michener, who 
is a prominent member of New Garden Monthly Meeting and a son of the 
late Dr. Ezra Michener, author of A Retrospect of Qiiaierism, so frequently 
cited in this work, is the custodian of a large collection of Friends' rec- 
ords kept in a safe at his residence in New G.irden, and as a surveyor and 
conveyancer for many years in the Township, he has had exceptional op- 
portunities for the compilation of these sketches. What makes the sketches 
of special value is the fact that he has made use of the original title deeds, 
many of which have not been recorded. 

134 Immigraiiofi of the Irish Quakers 

granted in 1717 ; James Lindley, 200 acres, lying 
north of the Toughkenamon^ Hill. The remain- 
ing land north of the hill, about 1,050 acres, was 
vacant. From the hill a line ran south through 
the middle of the Manor, following the course of 
the present road from Toughkenamon to New 
Garden Meeting House, almost to the circular 
line. Taking the east side we have first, Mary 
Rowland, 700 acres, including the beautiful valley 
which extends from the present village of Tough- 
kenamon to Kennett Square. Ne.xt south of this 
tract 800 acres were divided among John Sharp, 
doubdess a brother of Joseph Sharp, on the east 
side 300 acres ; Joseph Sharp, 200 acres, confirmed 
to him in 17 14, but sold by him the next year ; 
and Thomas Garnett, with 300 acres. South of 
these on the Kennett line were William Tanner, 
probably an Irish Friend, with 200 acres, which 
passed finally into the hands of Thomas Milhous, 

an arrival from Dublin, in 1729; John Lowden, 
from County Carlow, with 300 acres ; and Benja- 
min Fred, with 300 acres, the latter almost touch- 
ing on the circular line. Below Benjamin Fred 
came Simon Hadly, from County West Meath, 

1 " Dochcanaraon IliU" is mc-nlioned in the original survey of the 
Manor, in 1700. The name is of Indian origin and is said to mean " Fire- 
brand hill." 

Places of Settlement 135 

with a large tract, the greater part of which ex- 
tended into New Castle County. He was ap- 
pointed a jus- 
tice of the /'^~\(^f 
peace in New f fj i'^fU7?2^ 
Castle County, ^-^ 
in 1726.^ Be- 
tween these and the middle line were Michael 
Lightfoot, (300 acres), who arrived in 171 2, be- 
came an eminent minister of the Society, and some 
years later removed to Philadelphia, at the time 
of his death being Treasurer of the Province ; John 
Wily, from County West Meath, with 200 acres ; 
Thomas Jackson, with 200 acres ; and continuing 
southward, William Halliday, with 200 acres. 
John Miller owned 1,013 acres which extended 
from the middle line to London Grove Township 
on the west, and from Toughkenamon Hill to 
New Garden Meeting House. He lived on White 
Clay Creek, on or near the site of Avondale, 
and built a trrist mill — the first in that region 
— which did the o-finding for the inhabitants 
many miles around, even, it is said, as far as 
Lancaster. New Garden Meeting was held at 
his house as early as 1712. He also owned a 
smaller tract of land. No. 15, the greater part of 
which extended into New Castle County. He was 
appointed a representative to the Provincial As- 

' Penna. Arc/lives, 2d Series, IX., 649. , 

136 Ivnnigration of the Irish Quakers 

sembly in 1714, but died the same year.' Next 
south of Miller's large tract, Joseph Hutton held 
250 acres on the west line, and James Starr 
350 acres on the middle line. Of 900 acres south 
of these, Francis Hobson, from Grange near 
Charlemont, held 200 acres in the north-east corner 
and the remainder was purchased by Gayen 
Miller. From this southward there was a vacant 
tract of several thousand acres. 

Of the twenty-two persons taxed in New Gar- 
den in 1 7 15, fifteen were Irish Friends, as follows : 
Mary Miller, 9s.; Michael Lightfoot, 2s.; William 
Halliday, 2s. yd.; Margaret Lowden, 2s.; James 
Lindley, 4s. 6d.; Thomas Jackson, 3s.; James 
Starr, 3s.; Francis Hobson, 2s.; Joseph Garnett, 
2s.; Robert Johnson, 2s.; John Sharp, 3s. 6d.; 
Joseph Sharp, 2s.; John Wiley, 2s. 4d.; Thomas 
Garnett, 3s. 9d.; Benjamin Fred, 2s. id. 
New Garden At first the Friends of the New Garden settle- 

Meeting picnt attended Kennctt Meeting, but soon they 

were allowed to hold a meeting of their own, as 
evidenced by the following extracts from the 
Minutes of Chester Quarterly Meeting : 

12 Mo. 2, 1 71 2. — "Newark monthly meeting 
requests that there may be a first & fifth Days 
meeting settled at John Miller's. This meeting, 
considering thereof, thinks fitt to Refer the fur- 
ther Consideration thereof to the ne.xt Quarterly 

' Penna. Arc/iives, 2d Series, IX., 686. 









*: o 










1 1 































Places of Settlement 1 3 7 

3 Mo. 4, 1 7 13. — "This meetino-, Considering 
further of settleing a meeting at or nere John Mil- 
ler's, Do allow that a first and fifth Dayes meeting 
be kept at John Miller's Dwelling House for this 
Ensuing Quarter, or until further order, and the 
said meeting to belong to Kennet Preparative 
Meeting for the Present." 

6 Mo. 3, 1 713.—" Also the said Meeting Re- 
quests that the ffriends of the meeting kept at 
John Miller's may have Liberty to Build a meeting 
house near Michel Lightfoot's, which this meet- 
ing, takeing into Consideration, do allow the same 
ffriends of that meeting so to do, and not to Ex- 
ceed half a mile from the said Michel's." 

A meeting-house was built probably later in 
this year, on a rectangular tract of six acres, in 
the south-east corner of John Miller's original 
plantation. James Miller, of New Garden, yeo- 
man, son and heir of John Miller, for a considera- 
tion oi £\, 1 6s., granted the six acres, by deed of 
10 Mo. 26, 1 71 7, to Simon Hadly, James Starr, 
Thomas Jackson, and Michael Lightfoot, evidently 
in trust for New Garden Meeting, for by deed of 
December 12, 1723, the latter Friends formally 
transferred the land to the Meetino-.i 

At Newark Monthly Meeting 10 Mo. 3, 1715 
" ffriends belonging to Newgardin first day's meet- 
ing, having requested of this meeting the Liberty 

' Original deeds in possession of the Meeting, 

1 38 I))iniigratio}i of the Irish Quakers 

of houldino; a prepiritive meeting at the meeting 
house of Newgarden, this meeting aproves their 
Request and grants them the Liberty of houkling 
such a preparative meeting." 

New Garden Meeting House 
From a drawing by EUwood Michener, 1S50 

In 1 743 the south end of the present brick 

house was erected in the room of the former log 

one. The north end was added about the year 


New Garden Ncw Garden Monthly meeting, formed from 

Monthly Meet- Newark Monthly Meeting, in 1718, included the 

ing Erected, _ •' . 

1718 meetings of New Garden, Nottingham, London 

Places of Settlement 1 39 

Grove, and others subsequently formed to the 
westward, and was first convened 5 Mo. 12, 1718. 
It was held sometimes at Nottingham, now in 
Cecil County, Marjdand, until the establishment 
of Nottingham Monthly meeting, in 1730: and 
afterward alternated to London Grove, until the 
erection of London Grove Monthly Meeting, in 
1792. The first clerk of the Monthly Meeting 
was James Starr, who served until 1726, when he 
was succeeded by Benjamin Fred.^ 

Adjoining New Garden on the west is London London Grove 
Grove Township to which also came many Irish °^°^ '^ 
Friends. This township was organized in 1723. 
On August 12, 1699, William Penn sold to Tobias 
Collet, Daniel Ouare, Henry Goldney, and Michael 
Russell, Friends of London, among other lands, 
60,000 acres, not then located, and granted a 
warrant, dated 6 Mo. (August) 17, 1699, for the 
survey thereof These persons admitted others 
into partnership with them, and formed a com- 
pany, generally known as the London Company, London 
for the improvement of their property, the number °"'f"^"^ 
of shares eventually reaching 8,800, and the share- 
holders several hundred. As a part of the 60,000 

' At the Monthly Meeting, 2 Mo. II, 1719, " Caleb Piisey is Appointed 
to procure a Book to Enter y= records of ye Monthly Meeting in, & one to 
records births cSt Burials, & also one To Record Marriage Certificates & Cer- 
tificates of Settlements In." 9 Mo. 12, 1720, " Caleb Pusey According to 
Appointment hath Procured Three Books for yc Use of this Meeting, 
which are brought heere & att present to be Lodged att Thomas Light- 

1 40 luimigration of tlic Irish Quakers 

acres, a survey in Chester County, was made of 
16,500 acres, which inchided nearly all of the 
present Township of London Grove and the 
greater part of the Townships of Franklin (for- 
merly a part of New London) and London Britain. 
This tract was rectangular, being over three miles 
wide, and about eight and six-tenths miles long. 
That part of London Grove which lies directly 
north of New Garden, containing 718 acres, was 
subsequently added to the former survey, so that 
the London Company owned, altogether, 17,218 
acres in Chester County, for which a patent was 
granted June 25, 1718. Much of the land was 
originally leased for a term of years, with stipula- 
tions that a certain number of acres should be 
cleared and plowed yearly, orchards planted, etc. 
The following advertisement was probably cir- 
culated soon after the land was taken up : 

"The PkurRimoRs Oi" Tiik Pe.\silvani.\ Land 
Company In London Do Hereby Give Notice 

"To all persons that are willing to settle upon 
lands in Pensilvania, and the territories there- 
unto belonging, 

"That they will Give to Every such Person or 
Persons I-'ifty Acres of Land to them and their 
Heirs for ever, Free and Clear of all manner of 
Quit-Rents : Ten Families to Settle together for 
the Conveniency of Good Neighbourhood in every 

Place of Settlement 1 4 1 

Five Thousand Acres. This Encouraofement we 
promise to Give to a Hundred Famihes ; and so 
soon as each Family have Built them a Cottage, 
and cleared Ten Acres of Land, every Family so 
settling shall have Deeds executed by the trustees, 
and sent them over upon Certificate for that 
purpose first obtained under the Hands of this 
Company's Agent or Agents Residing in Pensil- 

" Samuel Carpenter & Tho. ffairtnan are the 
Comp's Agents." 

Under the direction of the Company's agent, 
John Estaugh, of Haddonfield, in New Jersey, 
Isaac Taylor, Deputy-Surveyor of Chester County, 
surveyed many tracts for settlers on the Company's 
lands. Like those of New Garden the subdivis- 
ions in London Grove were mostly rectangular, 
and a laree number of them seem to have been 
laid out in 1718 and 1719. Many of the settlers 
obtained deeds for their lands, dated March 14, 
1722-3, from Collet, Ouare, and Goldney. 

John Cane, a Friend, who with his wife Ann 
came over from County Armagh about 1713, was 
one of the first settlers of London Grove, but he 
did not long sur- 

Vive to enjoy his ^^ Qyi^hn^ 
new home. John /y 
Allen, who was an 
Irish Friend, arrived as early as 17 14 and lo- 

142 Imyttigration of tlie Irish Quakers 

cated in the Township on the north-west line of 
New Garden. Here he built and operated one 
of the earliest mills of that section. In 1719 
he purchased from Thomas Garnett an adjoining 
tract of 200 acres over the line in New Garden, 
being part of the 500 acres granted to Garnett by 
Evan Evans, as previously stated. Below Allen 
we find Joseph Sharp with a tract of 100 acres, 
which joined his plantation in New Garden. 
Joseph Sharp, a tanner by trade, was appointed 
one of the overseers of the poor in the newly- 
organized Township of London Grove in 1723. 
His son, Samuel Sharp, a resident in London 
Grove, served as a member of the Continental 
Congress. In 1722, James Lindley, of New Gar- 
den, purchased 400 acres and in the next year 
became the first constable of the Township. 
Jeremiah Starr, of Oldcastle, County Meath, 
brother of James Starr, of New Garden, arrived 
with his family in the year 171 7, and took up a 
tract of land in London Grove, a little north-west 
of Avondale. He represented Chester County in 
the Assembly from 1 738 until 1 743, when he be- 
came Collector of Excise, a position he held until 

Of the forty-two taxable persons in London 
Grove in 1724 there were ten Irish Friends : John 
Allen, 8s.; Joseph Sharp, 13s.; Jeremiah Starr, 4s. 

' Pcnn'a Archives, 2nd Series, IX., 690-1,674. 














° O 

*j m 

5 O 
5 O 


Place of Settlement 143 

6d.; James Lindley, 19s.; Robert Cane, 4.S.; John 
Cane, 7s.; Moses Harlan, 4s.; Michael Harlan, 
Sr., 13s. 4d.; Michael Harlan, Jr., 2s. 4d.; Joseph 
Garnett, is. 8d. 

London Grove Meeting was established by au- London Grove 
thority of Chester Quarterly Meeting in 1 714, and '^^ '"^ 
was held at the house of John Smith, son-in-law of 
Caleb Pusey, in what is now East Marlborough, 
until 1724, when a meeting-house was erected in 
the north-east corner of London Grove. In 1743 
this was replaced by a larger house. An addition 
was made to this building in 1775, for Richard 
Barnard, a member of the meeting, notes in his 
diary under date of 10 Mo. 19, 1775, that he was 
" At London Grove, raisinsj adition to meeting 
house."' This structure was removed in 1818, 
and the present meeting-house built.'- 

North of Kennett, New Garden, and London Marlborough 
Grove was Marlborough Township, named from ^"^^^""p 
Marlborough, in Wiltshire, England, and organized 
in 1 704. The eastern part was laid out about 
1700, in right of purchases made in England, as 
was also some of the western part. The Town- 
ship was divided into East and West Marlborough 
in 1729. 

' MS. Diary of Richard Barnard, in possession of a descendant, Milton 
Barnard, Northbrook, Chester County. 

^"Historical Sketch of the Friends' Meeting-house at London Grove," 
by Thompson Frame, in Philadelphia Friend, 7 Mo. 27, 1901. (Vol. 
LXXV., p. II.) 

1 44 J)iiniigratio)i of tJie Irish Quakers 

The only resident Irish Friend mendoned in 
dic! list of twenty-eight persons taxed in the 
Joseph Township in 171 5, was Joseph Pennock, a nadve 

Pennock ^j- (^loprnel, County Tipperary. He removed to 
what is now West Marlborough Township as early 
as 1 7 14 and settled on a large tract of 1250 acres, 
of which he became proprietor by virtue of a 
grant from William I'enn to his grandfather, 
George Collett, of Clonmel. In i 738 he built a 
mansion called " Primitive Hall," which is still 
standing in a good state of preservation. Pen- 
nock took a prominent and active part in meet- 
ing and civil affairs, serving as a member of the 
Provincial Assembly almost continuously from 
1 7 16 to 1744.^ For many years he was a jus- 
tice of the peace,- and in 1736, during the Cre- 
sap War, rising from the dispute over the 
boundary between Pennsylvania and Maryland, 
he was one of the five men appointed by Gover- 
nor Thomas Penn to investigate a conspiracy 
hatched by agents of Maryland among the set- 
tlers of New Garden and London Grove. 

By the Minutes of the Board of Property, i Mo. 
6, 1724-5, we find that " Joseph Pennock requests 

the Grant of acres of the tract called S'r John 

t'^^.gg's [Fagg's Manor], if to be disposed of " ^ 
This land was probably in Uiat part of Fagg's 

^ Penn' a Archives, 2nd Series, IX., 686-691. 
« Ibid., 678-9. 
i/biJ., XIX., 726. 

Places of Settlement 145 

Manor which later was erected into Londonderry 
Township and which adjoined London Grove on 
the west. At this period the Manor was exposed 
to the encroachments of the Scotch-Irish squatters, 
who caused the authorities much annoyance by 
the irregularities of their settlements. John Tay- 
lor, the surveyor, notes in his memorandum-book 
that on April 3rd, 1730 he " went and warned the 
Irish off Fagg's Manor." In the following letter 
to James Steel, manager of the land-office, in 
Philadelphia, Pennock evidently is writing of the 
tract requested of the Board of Property, and, not 
having a patent, doubtless has been having trouble 
to hold his land against the squatters. The letter^ 
is given with the quaintness and phonetic speUing 
of the orieinal. 


nock's Letter, 

malborah y' 9"" of y' j^' 1725 
" ffrend James Steel 

I am ondar Som consarn Joseph Pen- 

of minde relatinof to Simkoks affair, when I was at 
Chester I met with James Logan whoo tould mee 
(to y' best of my rememborens) y' y^ Proprietors 
family was at present so distrackted or unsettled 
y' y' Commishonars nu not how to form a pattin 
[patent] or make titols to Land y' thay had Set 
Som days & had Com to no Conclution about 
it. it has Cost mee som pounds olredy to de- 

' The original MS. is in the collection of a descendant, Mrs. William 
H. Miller, of Media, Pa. 

1 46 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

fend the Land bot if I cannot hefe a patten which 
would be my Gost foundetion I will quit it for its 
more adviseble to drop it with those skars olredy 
rescfd then bee obliged heer after to Retrete 
with wounds. I met J. L. y' next day on y" rode 
hee tould mee y' hee would doo what hee Could 
in my affair which is incorri^inc;. Now whot I 
Request of y" is "jriresent my kind Respekts to J. 
Logan & Let him no my resolutions y' if I Can 
hefe a patten am redy to defend y' Land if not 
most Quit it for it would be vanity in mee to has- 
sord my Estete at blind mans bof undar f>tens of 
defending a skrip of y" Proprietors. I intrcte y" 
when y" knows y" resolt favor mee with a line 
which will delvar mee from y' payn & greatly 
oblige thy asurecd ffrend j ^^-^^ocYi " 

Joseph Pennock's son Nathaniel Pennock also 
served many years in the Assembly, until in the 
memorable year of 1 756, with the beginning of the 
war against the Indians, he and other Friends 
resigned their seats declaring that they could not 
be a part of a government openly at war. 

In the movine and drifting about which was 
continually occurring among the settlers, other 
Irish Friends made their way to the Marl- 
boroughs, among the earliest of whom were 
Ezekiel and William Harlan of the numerous pro- 
geny of the I larlans, Thomas Jackson, who came 

'^ • cTl^hfi^ 

Places of Settleme7it 1 47 

over from New Garden Township as early as 
1 7 18, and Samuel Beverly, from Ballinacree Meet- 
ing, County Antrim. 

Crossing the northern boundary of Marlbor- Newun xowr- 
ough we come to a township the whole of which by an wsh 
was owned by an Irish Friend, Nathaniel Newlin, of Q"^''" 
Concord, and named 
in his honor Newlin 
Township. This 
tract, consisting of seven thousand seven hundred 
acres, through the center of which flows Brandy- 
wine Creek, was purchased by Newlin, evidently as 
a land speculation, from the trustees of the Free 
Society of Traders, by deed of June 10, 1724, for 
a consideration of ;^8oo, and at once negotiations 
were entered into for the sale of portions of it. 

Soon a difficulty arose with the Indians, who NewiMs 
had a village on the north side of the Brandywine JfiJ"l/in. 
in the east end of the tract, and laid claim to the '^""^ 
land one mile wide on each side of the Creek ; 
but Newlin and the purchasers from him paid no 
attention to their demands. Thereupon, in the 
summer of 1725, several of the tribe led by the 
chief Checochinican proceeded to Philadelphia 
and appeared before the Provincial Assembly, 
through their interpreters, one of whom was Eze- 
kiel Harlan, making complaint of the encroach- 
ments upon their lands. The Assembly carefully 
considered the case, but made no satisfactory ad- 
justment before adjourning. 

148 hnmigration of the Irish Quakers 

At the beeinnintj of the next session in the fol- 
lowing year, the Indians again appeared and 
urged their claims. The subject was again taken 
up and James Logan on behalf of the Commis- 
sioners of Property reported that they had " used 
such means as they thought most likely to satisfy" 
the Indians, "and continues them in the quiet 
possession of their claims, and for that end . . . 
had agreed and accommodated the matter with 
Nathaniel Newlin." Newlin was then summoned 
before the Assembly, and declared in writing that 
" neither he nor his heirs will, by any means, dis- 
turb or molest the Indians in their possessions or 
claims." With these assurances the Indians ex- 
pressed themselves as satisfied, and after shaking 
hands with Newlin in a friendly manner, quietly 
returned to their homes. 

The work of settlement, however, seems not to 
have been retarded, and in 1729 the chief Checo- 
chinican, on behalf of his people, appealed once 
more to the government, writing that notwith- 
standing Newlin's promise that they should not 
be disturbed in the free and peaceable enjoyment 
of their lands on the Brandywine, some of their 
lands had been sold, and they had been forbidden 
even to make use of timber growing thereon for 
the building of cabins. What action, if any, was 
taken upon this complaint has not been learned, 
but not long after, the greater part of the Indians 

Places of Settlement 


removed from the County, and all trouble grow- 
ing out of their claims ceased. 

Newlin Township, Chester County, in 1730 

The following is a list of the first purchasers 

1 50 Immigration of the IHsh Quakers 

from Newlin: George Harlan, 169 acres for ^50, 
14s.; Stephen Harlan, 20^/^ acres for /20, 10s.; 
Joseph England, 200 acres for ^30 ; Mordecai 
Cloud, 326 acres for £,<^'], i6s.; Abraham Mar- 
shall, 120 acres for ^36; Joel Daily, 228 acres for 
£b%, 8s.; William Dean, 124 acres for ^37, 4s.; 
George Lashly, 75 acres for ^22, los.; and Ralph 
Thompson, 75 acres for ^19, 19s., 9d., a total of 
1337 acres for ^383. The purchasers were also 
to pay a yearly quit rent of one shilling per 
hundred acres. 

On the death of Nathaniel Newlin in 1729, 
those portions of the Township yet unsold were 
divided among his children as follows: John, 946 
acres; Nathaniel, 1,620 acres; Jemima, wife of 
Richard Eavenson, 913 acres; Kesia, wife of 
William Baily, 85 1 acres ; Mary, wife of Richard 
Clayton, 895 acres ; and to children of deceased 
daughter Elizabeth, who had married Ellis Lewis, 

Granted to 
Joseph Pike, 
an Irish 
Friend, of 



Newlin was not the only township in Chester 
County owned by an Irish Friend. By patent 
dated December 3, 1705, William Penn granted 
to Joseph Pike,' a wealthy Quaker merchant, of 

'Joseph Pike, the author of several works relating to 1-riends (see 
Joseph .Smith's Calalogiif of Friends' Boots, II., 414), son of Richard 
and Elizabeth Pike, was bom II Mo. 15, 1657, on a farm called Kil- 
creagh, seven miles west of Cork. The father, Richard Pike, was born 
about 1627, in the town of Newberry, Berkshire, England, of parents of 
good reputation "and having some estate in houses there " ; and about 

Places of Settlement 1 5 1 

Cork, a tract of over 10,000 acres of land, lying 
north of the Great Valley, which was organized 
under the name of Pikeland Township, and in 
1838 divided into East and West Pikeland. 
Joseph Pike died in 1729, and by his will, dated 
1727, and proved in the Prerogative Court of the 
Archbishop of Armagh, devised Pikeland and a 
tract of over 1,500 acres in Cain, on the south- 
ern part of which is now Cain Meeting House, 

1648, he " came over to Ireland a Corporal in a Troop of Horse in Crom- 
well's Array." He married Elizabeth Jackson, bom in London about 
1636, of parents of good repute, " some of her connexions having been 
chief magistrates of that city," and settled near Cork. Richard and 
Elizabeth Pike were among the Friends convinced by the ministry of Ed- 
ward Burrough at Cork in 1655. In 1664, they removed from the farm of 
Kilcreagh to Cork and kept a shop. Richard died 4 Mo. 1668, while a 
prisoner for his Quaker principles, and was the first Friend interred in the 
burial ground of the Society outside the south gate of Cork. Elizabeth 
died in 1688. Their children were : Elizabeth, married Henry Wheddon, 
merchant, and died in 1693; Joseph; Ebenezer ; Richard; Sarah; and 
Benjamin, who died the same day as his father. 

Joseph Pike was married in 1682, to Elizabeth Rogers, eldest daughter 
of Francis Rogers, a minister of the Society. After his marriage he joined 
his brother Richard in opening a linen-draper's shop in Cork, the first of 
the kind in the city. His business affairs fi-equently took him to England, 
Holland, and Flanders. On one of these journeys he accompanied William 
Penn to Holland and attended the yearly meeting at Amsterdam. Thomas 
Story notes in his journal (p. 533) that in 1716, while on a religious journey 
to Ireland, he visited Joseph Pike, of Cork, among whose guests one day 
at dinner were the young Countess of Kildare, her maiden sister, and three 
others of the gentry. Joseph and Elizabeth Pike had fourteen children, 
of whom seven survived : Richard ; Mary, married Thomas Beale, son of 
Joshua, of Mountmellick ; Elizabeth, married to Joshua Beale, brother of 
Thomas ; Rachel ; Samuel ; Benjamin ; and Anne. — .\utobiography of 
Joseph Pike, Friend^ Library, II., 351-414; Leadbeater, 169-184; 
Rutty, 316-318. 

1 5 2 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

to his wife Elizabetli. The widow Pitce lield the 
lands until her death in 1733, when they came 
into possession of her son, Richard Pike. I le 
died about 1752, and by his will' bequeathed all 
his estate in Pennsylvania to his kinsmen, Sam- 
uel Hoare and Nathaniel Newberr)', merchants of 
London. In 1756, Hoare purchased Newberry's 
interest and became the sole owner. The land 
was then offered for sale in small tracts. Amone 
the first settlers were Samuel Lightfoot (son of 
Thomas), a surveyor, and builder of the first mill 
in that neighborhood ; Michael Lightfoot ; Thomas 
Milhous, who removed there from New Garden 
Township about 1 744 ; and Timothy Kirk, of the 
Kirks of Lurgan, County Armagh. 

The Great A number of Irish Friends removed to the rich 
limestone lands of the Great Valley, which ex- 
tends from east to west across the center of 
Chester County, and most of them became mem- 
bers of Bradford Monthly Meeting and of Cain 
Particular Meeting. Bradford Monthly Meeting, 
consisting of the Particular Meetings of Bradford 
and Cain, was formed from Newark Monthly 
Meeting in 1737. 

^"'" __ ^ meeting " at Calne in y' Valey " was held as 
early as i 7 1 6, and a meeting-house was probably 

' Richard I'ike, of Stoke Newington, Middlesex, England, made his 
will .September 2, 1752 (proved April 5, 1755), and mentions his nephews, 
Joshua and Joseph Ueale, sons of Joshua, of Cork, and Samuel Hcale, son 
of sister, Rachel Beale, and niece, Sarah Beale, daughter of Joshua. 



Places of Settlement i 5 3 

erected the same year on John Mendenhall's land. 
In 1726, it was decided to build another meeting- 
house " upon the further side of y" mounten." 
Some years later Richard Pike, a Friend, of Cork, 
who owned over 1,500 acres in Cain Township, 
conveyed to Thomas Parke and Robert Miller, of 
East Cain, for the use of Friends, a lot.'of ground 
on which a meeting-house had been built with his 
consent ; whether this was the second or a third 
location has not been determined. In 1801 the 
meeting-house was enlarged to accommodate the 
new Quarterly Meeting of Cain. 

Cain Township, originally including the territory East Cain 
now embraced in Cain, East Cain, West Cain, """"" 
East Brandywine, West Brandywine, and a part of 
Valley Township, and the Borough of Downing- 
town, and that part of Coatesville lying east of 
the west branch of Brandywine Creek, was named 
from the town of Calne, in Wiltshire, England, 
and was organized as a township about 17 14. 
In 1728 it was divided into the Townships of East 
and West Cain. 

In East Cain settled WiUiam Pim, from Queen's 
County, for many years clerk of Bradford Monthly 
Meeting, overseer and elder of Cain Meeting, and 
justice of the peace ; his sons Thomas and Rich- 
ard Pim ; Thomas Parke, from County Carlow, an 
elder of Cain Meeting, purchaser of 500 acres of 
land at the site of Downingtown or near by, where 

1 54 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

an Irish 


First Settled 
by Irish 

some of his descendants of the name yet reside ; 
Robert Valentine (son of Thomas Valentine and 
grandson of Thomas Parke), from County Car- 
low, an eminent minister of the Society of P'riends, 
who made a religious visit to Great Britain at the 
close of the Revolution ; Thomas Coates, son of 
Moses Coates, from County Carlow ; Thomas 
Pain, from Queen's County ; Joseph Wilkinson, 
son of Francis Wilkinson, from Ballinacree, 
County Antrim ; and Evan Wilkinson, probably 
the latter's brother, from Ballinacree, a settler in 
West Cain. 

Moses Coates, grandson of Moses Coates, the 
emigrant from County Carlow, was married in 
1770 to Hannah Musgrave, daughter of Thomas 
Musgrave, an Irish Quaker, of Sadsbury, Lan- 
caster County, and became the owner of a tract 
of land now occupied by the Borough of Coates- 
ville, which was laid out and named in his honor 
by his son Dr. Jesse Coates. 

In 1 731, Moses Coates, a Friend, originally from 
County Carlow, purchased 600 acres, and James 
Starr, one of the first settlers of New Garden, 350 
acres, in Charlestown, now Schuylkill, Township, 
on the north side of French Creek at its junction 
with Schuylkill River, and became the first settlers 
at the site of Phoenixville. Judge Pennypacker, 
who has written an interesting history of the be- 
ginnings of this town, relates that previous to his 

Places of Settlement 155 

purchase Moses Coates "had lived for about a 
year upon the other side of the Schuylkill, where 
stands the present village of Mont Clare, a locality 
he selected because the Indians were there less 
numerous. At night he slept with a loaded gun 
at his side, and a servant lay at the door of his 
hut with a pitch fork. Upon longer acquaintance, 
however, he found the Indians disposed to be 
friendly, and his fear of their hostility being dis- 
sipated he changed his place of residence"^ to 
the other side of the River. Here he "blazed 
paths through the wilderness about his home, by 
cutting chips from the sides of the trees, so that 
his children should not be lost." ^ 

In 1732, James Starr erected a mill which was EastNantmeai 
placed under control of his two sons, James and ^""^^•"p 
Moses ; and this was the first use of the water 
power of French Creek. ^ A near neighbor of the 
Starrs and Coates was Thomas Valentine, orig- 
inally from Ballybrumhill, County Carlow, who 
settled across the Schuylkill in New Providence 
Township, now Montgomery County. 

In the summer of i 736, Joshua Marsh and his 
son John Marsh, with their families, from Grange 
near Charlemont, arrived and settled among the 
Welsh in East Nantmeal Township. Two years 
later they were joined by Joshua's son-in-law, 

^ Annals of Phoenixville, 20. 
^Ibid., 71. 
»/^/,/,, 21. 

156 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

Thomas McMillan, and family from Ballinacree, 
County Antrim. The only other Irish Friends 
known to be in the locality were their nearest 
neii^hbors, William and Timothy Kirk, sons of 
Alphonsus Kirk, of New Castle County, William 
Kirk for many years serving as overseer of Nant- 
meal Meeting. 

These Friends brought their certificates to 
Goshen Monthly Meeting, thereby becoming 
members thereof and attended Uwchlan Partic- 
ular and Preparative meetings until the establish- 
ment of Nantmeal Particular Meeting and the 
erection of a meeting house there in 1741, when 
Nantmeal became their place of worship, al- 
though they still attended preparative meetings 
at Uwchlan. 

A meeting-house was built at Nantmeal in 
1777. This was burned about 1795, and another 
house was built. For many years the meet- 
ing has been extinct. Uwchlan Particular Meet- 
ing was established in 1 7 1 2, and the Preparative 
Meeting two years later. The present meeting- 
house was built in 1756. 

About 1750, the Marshes and McMillans joined 
the early westward movement and migrated to 
Warrington Township, York County, becoming 
members of Warrington Meeting. 
Nottingham Among the Irish Friends who made their way 
to the Nottingham settlements, now in Maryland, 

Places of Settlement 157 

were : Roger Kirk, son of Alphonsus Kirk, of 
New Castle County; his kinsman, Roger Kirk, 

UwcHLAN Meeting House, Chester County, Built 1756 

son of Timothy Kirk, of Lurgan, County Armagh ; 
Benjamin Chandlee, originally from County Kil- 
dare; and Eli Crockett, from Ballinacree, County 
Antrim, a settler at Bush River Meeting. 

1 5 8 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

The Friends of Nottingham were residents of 
Chester County, until about i 765, when the run- 
ninaf of the famous Mason and Dixon line broutjht 
them within the limits of Cecil County, Maryland. 
In 1 701, a company of friends, prominent among 
whom were John Churchman, Andrew Job, Wil- 
liam and James Brown, and Henry Reynolds, re- 
moved from the old settlements in the vicinity of 
Chester and settled on a tract of some 18,000 
acres of land called Nottingham on Octorara 

In 1 705, they had a meeting settled among them, 
held at the home of William Brown, until the erec- 
tion of a meeting-house in 1708-9. This build- 
ing was replaced by one of brick in 1724. John 
Churchman notes in his journal that in 1748 the 
latter was destroyed by fire, and until a new meet- 
iniT-house could be built the meetings were held 
in a private house. When rebuilt, a stone addi- 
tion was made to the original brick-work. The 
wood-work was again destroyed by fire in 18 10. 
In 181 1 the present structure was erected, and 
although one-half stone, has always been known 
as the "Brick Meeting." 

Nottingham Meeting constituted a part of Con- 
cord Monthly Meeting until in 171 5 it was trans- 
ferred to Newark Monthly Meeting. On the 
erection of New Garden in 17 18 it became a part 
of that Monthly Meeting, thus continuing until 

Places of Settlement 1 59 

1730, when Nottingham Monthly Meeting, con- 
sisting of the meetings of East Nottingham, West 
Nottingham, and Rush River, was established. 

The first of the Irish Friends to settle in what Lancaster 


is now Lancaster County were John Musgrave 
and his son, Moses Musgrave, who as early as 
1 713 had taken up land in the almost uninhabited 
region on Octoraro Creek within the present liinits 
of Sadsbury Meeting, the father purchasing 600 
acres and the son 3CX) acres.' John Musgrave, as 
we have stated before, came over from the north 
of Ireland in 1682, as an indented servant to 
Valentine HoUingsworth, and served his time with 
his master in New Castle County.- He was an 
active participant in the local affairs of his neigh- 
borhood, and in 1730 and 1731 represented Lan- 
caster County in the Provincial Assembly.^ 

For a decade the Musgraves were probably the 
only Irish Friends in Sadsbury, or indeed in all the 
County, there being no others mentioned in the 
tax lists of 1 718 for either Sadsbury or Cones- 
toga;^ but about 1723 an advance-guard of a 
larger migration, conspicuous among whom were 
Andrew Moore and Samuel Jackson, from Ballin- 
acree. County Antrim, arrived and located near 

> Peiin'a Archives, 2d Series, XIX., 561, 569, 637, 70S. 
2 Deposition of John Musgrave in Pennsylvania-Maryland boundary 
dispute, cited in McFarlan-Slern Genealogy, 59. 
' Penn'a Archives, 2d Series, IX., 775. 
*Futhey and Cope, 203, 171. 

1 60 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

the Gap at the end of the Great Chester Valley. 
Soon these pioneers were joined by other mem- 
bers of the Society, many of them remaining in 
Sadsbury, and others, under the leadership of 
Hattill Varman, from County Wexford, pushing 
farther to the westward and forming a settlement 
in Leacock. Such a large proportion of these 
Friends were from Ireland that the meedngs, which 
were soon established, were frequently known as 
the Irish meetings. Edmund Peckover, a Friend 
of the ministr)-. from England, who visited these 
"back-settlers" in 1742, speaks of them as 
"Friends from Ireland" who have "three or four 
meetings ; though Friends are but thin to what 
they are in other parts of the province."^ 

In addition to those just mentioned, the follow- 
ing were some of the immigrants to this region : 
Thomas McClun or McClung, from County West 
Meath ; William McNabb, from Oldcasde, County 
Meath ; Neal O' Moony, John Boyd and sons Wil- 
liam and Samuel, James Hunter, Samuel Wilkin- 
son, and William Courtney, from Hallinacree, 
County Antrim ; William Evans, from County 
Wicklow ; John Griffith and son Christopher, from 
Grange near Charlemont ; Jonas Chamberlin, from 
King's County ; James Love and Thomas Nevitt, 
from County Cavan ; Isaac Steer and sons John 

' Minutes of London Yearly Meeting, IX., 322, cited by Btrwdcn, 11., 












Places of Settlement 1 6 1 

and Nicholas, from County Antrim ; James Smith, 
from County Armagh ; Thomas Bulla and Law- 
rence Richardson, from Grange, probably near 
Charlemont ; and Thomas Lindley (son of James 
Lindly), a representative to the Provincial As- 

Meetings of an informal character were held in Sadsbury 
Sadsbur)' in 1723,^ but a regular meeting was not " ^^'"^ 
established until the following year, when "Samuel 
Miller and Andrew ]\Ioore made application, on 
behalf of themselves and their friends settled about 
Sadsbur)', for liberty to build a meeting, which 
being granted by the Quarterly Meeting, they 
built one in 1725, which goes by the name of 
Sadsbury Meeting."^ The stone-work of the 
present meeting-house was built about 1760, but 
the wood-work was burned during the period of 
the Revolution.^ 

In 1729, "Sadsbury' Preparative Meeting re- Leacock 
quested on behalf of Friends who live beyond -^^^^'^"s 
Pequea, to have a meeting at the house of Hat- 
tell Varman [in Leacock Township] every sixth- 
da}' of the week ; which this meeting allows."* 
The regular First-day meeting at Leacock was 
estabHshed in 1732 and held at Varman's house. 
In 1 749, the meeting was removed to Lampeter 

' Futkey and Cope, 239. 
s Samuel Smith in Hazard' s Register, VII. 
'Ellis and Evans, History of Lancaster County, 1036. 
* Minutes New Garden Monthly Meeting, cited by Michener, 130. 

1 62 hmnigration of the Irish Quakers 

Township and the name of the meeting changed 
to Lampeter, 
sadsbury In I ']■},'], the Meetings of Sadsbury and Leacock, 
Meetine which up to this date had formed a part of New 
Garden Monthly Meeting, were erected into Sads- 
bury Monthly Meeting, sessions being held alter- 
nately at the two places. The Meetings of New- 
berry, Warrington, Huntington, and Menallen, in 
what is now York and Adams Counties, formed a 
part of Sadsbury Monthly Meeting, until 1747, 
when a monthly meeting of their own called War- 
rington was established. 
York and 'phe founding of the Sadsbury settlements ini- 
Counties tiated that westward migration of Friends which 
durino- the several succeedinof decades moved 
across Lancaster County to the west side of the 
Susquehanna and gave rise to the meetings in 
that part of the County which in 1749 became 
York County. By 1 727 thismovement had reached 
the east bank of the Susquehanna, at Hempfield, 
now Columbia, where in that year settled John 
Wright, Robert Barber, Samuel Blunston, and 
others. Here it was delayed for a time by the 
Cresap War rising from the boundary dispute be- 
tween the Penns and the Lords Baltimore, but 
soon it crossed to the west side of the River, and 
as early as 1738 at Newberry had begun the first 
of that belt of Quaker settlements extending across 
the northern sections of what is now York and 

Places of Settlement 1 63 

Adams Counties. The Irish Friends were not in 
the vanguard of the York County migration, but 
during the middle decades of the century they ar- 
rived in large numbers and figured prominently 
in the affairs of the settlements. 

New^berry ^ Meeting, during its first three or Newberry 
four years called Manchester Meeting, was in- " "^ 
eluded in Manchester Township, until in 1 742 with 
the organization of Newberry Township it fell 
in the latter.- The first settlers came from the 
meetings in southern Chester County and New 
Castle County and presented their certificates of 
removal to Sadsbury Monthly Meeting. The 
Sadsbury minutes contain an interesting account 
of the beginnings of the York County meetings 
and we shall let the records tell their own tale. 

3 Mo. 7, 1739. — "There being Divers families 
of friends of late Settled on the West Side of Sus- 
quohanno. Some of them have produced Certifi- 
cates to this Meeting from Kenet Meeting, where 
they formerly Dwelt, their being four Mentioned In 
one Certificate bearing Date ye 10''' of ye 2 "° 1738^ 
Vizt Nathan Husy [Hussey], Ann his wife, John 
Garrison [Garretson] & Content his wife, John 
Day and Ann his wife Christopher Husy [Hussey] 
& Ann his wife & another Certificate from the 

' The spelling of this name in the old records is about equally divided 
between Newberry and Ne^ubury, but the former is the accepted form at 
the present day. 

'Gibson's History of York County. 

1 64 Immigration of the Irish Qtiakers 

same place bearing date y^ 4th of y^ 5"° 1738,^ 
Recommends Joseph Benett & Rebecka his wife 
All w?'' this Meeting receives in Membership with 

" The Friends of that Settlement being desirous 
of a Toleration from this meeting to keep meet- 
ings of worship Every first day and fourth day of 
of y^ week for six months time w'''' request Is 

9 Mo. 5, 1739. — "The New Meeting Settled on 
the west Side of Suckahana haveing had Some 
time past a tolleration from this meeting to hould 
meetings of worship Every first Day and fourth 
day of the week and y" time being Expired att 
the request of several of them, being in this meet- 
ing, friends allows them twelf monts longer to be 
held as afore." 

Until some years later, when a meeting-house 
was built, this meeting evidently was held at the 
house of John Day, for the early marriages'- are 
known to have taken place there. 

6 Mo. 5, 1745. — Andrew Moore, Calvin Cooper, 
Jonas Chamberlin, and Thomas Bulla are ap- 

' The minutes of Newark or Kennett Monthly Meeting indicate that 
these certificates were dated on the first days of the months mentioned. 

'The first Quaker wedding in what is now York County was that of 
Rodert Ilodgin, carpenter, of Manchester, later Newberry Township, who 
was married 5 Mo. 29, 1 740, at the house of John Day, in said township, 
to Theodate .Seal, widow of Joseph Seal, 'llie following list of witnesses 
to the marriage certificate is of interest as showing who were the settlers at 
that date : 

Places' of Settlement 

i6 = 

pointed to visit the meetings on the west side of 
the Susquehanna, " to see how they fare in the 
Truth and report to next meeting." 8 Mo. 7, 
1745, — "Friends Expressed their Satisfaction in 
respect of a visit to friends on the West Side of 
Susquehana." 9 Mo. 4, 1745. — "Friends of New- 
bery Requests to have a meeting settled ; its sent 
to y" Quarterly Meeting for aprobation." i Mo- 
3, 1745-6. — "The Request that went to Last 
Quarterly Meeting was Granted, i. e. that New- 
berry Meeting has Liberty to hold Meeting of 
Worship every first day and fourth days of the 
week as Warrington has on Every first day and 
fifth days of the week ; and those two Meetings 

Rebecca Bennett 
Hannah Fincher 
Mary Cocks 
Rebecca Cocks 
Ester Davis 
Anne Garratson 
Martha Garratson 
Sarah McAnabley 
Elizabeth price 
Margrett Carson 

James Clemson 
Francis ffincher 
Joseph Bennett 
James Alison Jun' 
Wm Garretson 
Joseph Garretson 
Wm Griffith 
James Moore 
Thomas Riley 
Caisia Belley 
Jacob Youngblod 
Wm Baley 
James Baley 
John Baley 
James Aleson Sen' 
Charles M°anele 
Patrick Carson 

Robert Hodgin 


TheodateX Hodgin 

Anne Hussey 
Nathan Hussey 
John Hussey 
Christopher Hussey 
Content Garretson 
Ann Day 
John Day 
Thomas fioland 
Pet' Worall 
Thomas Cocks 
John Noblet 
Ann Noblet 
Ann Hussy 
Margret Hussy 
John Garretson 
Wm Cocks 
Samuel Cocks 

1 66 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

to make up one preparative meeting, to be held 
at each place turn about." 2 Mo. 7, 1 746. — "New- 
berry preparative meeting recommends John Day 
and William Garretson for overseers in that meet- 
ing which is approved." 

The original Newberry Meeting land, which is 
in the present village of Newberrytown, consisted 
of a hexagonal tract' of 42 acres and 61 perches, 
surveyed April 10, 1767, to John Garretson and 
Joseph Hutton, in trust for the Society of Friends. 
Our information about the early meeting-houses 
is very meagre, but the first building, which is 
said to have been of logs,' was probably erected 
on this tract. The old burial ground,^ which at 
the time of the writer's visit to the place in 1897 
was an almost impenetrable wilderness of briers 
and sumac, is all of the plot that is now owned by 
the Society. The remainder of the land and the 
meeting-house,^ which according to the inscribed 
stone in the west gable was erected in 1792,^ was 

•The original draft of the tract is in possession of Joel V. Garretson, of 
Flora Dale, Adams Co. , Pa. 

'Gibson's Yori County. 

"At Warrington Monthly Meeting, 5 Mo., 21, 1S40, "Newberry 
Friends inform they have enclosed a graveyard at Newberry meeting-house ; 
they propose closing the former one [in Newberrytown] it being full." 

* This is a substantial structure of stone, similar in appearance to the old 
meeting-house at Warrington, and is now occupied as a dwelling, but there 
has been no material chtinge in its exterior. 

'At Warrington Quarterly Meeting, 8 Mo., 26, 1793, in answer to the 
second' annual query, report was made that "one new Meeting house 
[has been] built in the room of an old one at Newberry." 

Places of Settlement 167 

sold about 181 1, by authority of a special act of 
the State Legislature,^ and the meeting was moved 
to another location about two miles from the town. 
Here a stone meeting-house was built on a five- 
acre lot sold to Jesse Wickersham and George 
Garretson, in trust for the Society, by Samuel 
Garretson and Alice his wife, by deed of 10 Mo. 
4, 1811." The meeting is now extinct, and at the 
time of my visit in 1897 the meeting-house was in 
a sad state of decay, but recently it has been re- 
covered with a slate roof and thoroughly repaired.^ 
In 1897, the graveyard presented a well-kept ap- 
pearance and was enclosed by an iron fence. 

The Newberry community received a consider- 
able body of the Irish Friends, but not so large 
as did Warrington and Menallen. Some of those 
who located at Newberry were : Timothy Kirk 
and his sons Jacob, Timothy, Caleb, Ezekiel, 
and Jonathan Kirk ; Robert Whinery, originally 
from Grange, probably near Charlemont ; Robert 
Miller and his son Samuel ; George Boyd ; Joshua 
Low ; Joseph and John Hutton ; William Wilson ; 
and several members of the Hobson family. 

'At Warrington Monthly Meeting, 12 Mo., 19, 1810, "Newberry 
preparative meeting infornas they have agreed to sell the land where the 
present meeting House is built and to purchase other in a more convenient 
and central place." 

2 Deed in possession of Menallen Monthly Meeting, recorded in Deed 
Book LLL, p. 51, Recorder's Office, York, Pa. 

' Dr. William H. Egle's historical Nota and Querits, lio-i 13, annual 
volume for J900, Harrisburg, Pa., 1901. 

1 68 Inunigj'ation of the h-ish Quakers 

Warrington Warrington Meeting, in Warrington Townsliip, 
°^ about nine miles south-west of Newberry and mid- 
way between the present villages of Wellsville 
and Rossville, was regularly established' in 1745," 
and a log meeting-house' erected the same year 
on a tract of 29 acres and 156 perches, •' near the 

' It is probable that meetings were held in the vicinity of Warrington 
as early as 1740, for on the 22d of 8 Mo. of that year a marriage was 
held "at y" house of William (Jarretson," who resided in Warrington. 
This was the marriage of James Frazier to Rebecca Cox, datiyliter of 
Thomas Cox. The following is a list of the persons who signed the mar- 
riage certificate : 

Elcazer Mires Christopher Hussey Ann Cox JaMF::S FrAZIER 

Joseph t}arTctson John (iarrelson Anne Noblett „ 

oshua Kenworlhy Joseph Bennett Content Garrctson KFRECCA rRAZIER 

'rancis Fincher John Earl Theodate Hodgin Thomas Cocks 

Edward Mulleanoux Samuel Underwood Mary Crage Alexander Frazier 

Wm. Griffith John Nohlitt Anne Waankin Mary Cocks 

Andrew Rogers Charles Phillips Ester Daviss Alexander Frazier 

Wm. Garrctson Anne Garretson Isaac Cox 

Daniel Early Rebecca Rogers John (.'ox 

George Alford Kebecca Bennett 

John Fincher 
Jane Fincher 
Nathan Hussey 

'Minutes of Salisbury Monthly Meeting \ Samuel Smith in Hazard'' s 

Register, VII., 134. 

' The following paper drawn up at that time is of interest as showing who 

were the subscribers to the fund for the building of the first meeting-house : 

" We the Subscribers knowing the Necessity of Publick Worship, & be- 
ing Destitute of a pice of Land to Set a Meeting House on Do Each of 
us Promise to pay the Respective sums under written in order to get a War- 
rent for 25 acres of Land adjoyning Stephen Ails Land, as witness our 
Hands : John Earl, 55 ; Alexander Underwood, 3s ; Thomas Cox, 5s ; 
Joseph Garretson, 5s; William Garretson, Ss ; Christopher Hussey, 5s; 
James Frazier, 4s ; Isaac Cox, 3s ; Samuel Underwood, 3s ; Thomas Cook, 
3s ; Richard Wickersham, 3s ; William Underwood, 3s ; Peter Cook Is. 
6d." — MS. among title papers of Menallen Monthly Meeting. 

This log meetinghouse stood a little southeast of the present stone 
building, on a part of the tract that has since been enclosed in the grave- 
yard. The foundations were di.scovered in the latter 80' s by persons dig- 
ging in the graveyard. 



















Places of Settlement 169 

Land of Stephen Eyles [Ailes] on a Branch of 
Conewago" Creek. A warrant, dated July 5, 1 745, 
was issued for the land to be held in trust for the 
Society of Friends, but owing to an irregularity, the 
land was later, by proclamation, declared vacant 
and afterward granted by patent, dated i Mo. 22, 
1767, from John Penn, Lieutenant-Governor, to 
William Garretson, William Underwood, William 
Penrose, and Peter Cleaver, in trust for the So- 
ciety, the consideration being ^9, 12s, gd.^ 

In 1769,'- a new stone meeting-house was built 
near the old one.^ In 1 782, it was found necessary 
to enlarge the building to almost double its original 
size in order to accommodate the Quarterly Meet- 
ing, and a stone addition was made to the north 
end.'* The following year the old end was thor- 
oughly repaired and given a new floor and a new 

• Patent (Recorded page 207, Patent Book A. H., Vol. 7, Department 
of Internal Aflfairs, Harrisburg, Pa. ) and other title papers in possession of 
trustees of Menallen Monthly Meeting. 

2 A stone bearing this date may be seen in the south gable. 

'At Western Quarterly Meeting, held in Chester County, 8 Mo. 21, 
1769, Warrington Monthly Meeting reported "One new Meeting House 
built at Warrington near the old one." George McMillan, an Irish Friend, 
of Warrington, son of Thomas McMillan, from Ballinacree Meeting, County 
Antrim, notes in the credit column of his Account Book ( 1 769-1795), 
which is in possession of the writer, a descendant, that in March, 1769, there 
was " due by subscription to Wm. Garitson for bilding a New meeting 
house in Wamton, £}," and in January, 1770 "by ditto, £\." In the 
debtor column he notes : " May 5th, 1769, Pay'' to Wm. Garitson for said 
subscription first by haling timber with wag[on] one day, los ; by an order 
from Jacob Williams £\,o, 1\ dito by Cash to Pay for Lime £l ; dito by 
Cash May 5th £l, los." 

* Minutes of Warrington Monthly Meeting. 

1 70 Immigraticni of the Irish Quakers 

roof.' With the exception of a slate roof and other 
repairs effected in the latter 8o's the old structure 
remains substantially as it was in 1782, and is 
still surrounded by a strip of the primitive forest. 
On account of the westward emigration the regu- 
lar meeting was discontinued about the middle of 

' Benjamin Walker, a member of the Meeting, who resided on an ad- 
joining farm to the south, was on the building committee, and in his Diary 
( 1 780-1 786), a copy of which is in my collection, gives a detailed account 
of the work of construction. 4 Mo. 13, 1782, he is "one to provide 
Nesareys and go on with Building an addishing to our Meeting house." 
5 Mo. 16, they " agreed with y' Carpenters to Do y' work for the Meet- 
ing house ; flowring [flooring] 6s by y'^ Square, Lining y' walls 7s-6d, Galo- 
reer [gallery] 12s by Square, Sash yd p' Light, Sheters [shutters] 4s apeace, 
Doars los. Window Cases 43-6d, Doars 5s 6d." 6 Mo. 13, 5th day, 
" at Meeting this Day we agreed with John & Jonah Thomas to Build a 
Stone End to the Meeting house and with y" Carpenters." 

For several months afterward we find Walker turning aside from his 
many other duties and actively engaged in pushing forward the building of 
the meeting-house. One day (7 Mo. 30) he goes to York for lime ; 
another he is hauling stone; and another (8 Mo. 7), he drives "to the 
pigeon hills for Lime 35 Bushels." 8 Mo. 8, " Ditto and hailing Comer 
Stone from Klihu Underwood." 8 Mo. 27 he is " hailing the -Summer 
Beam." By 9 Mo. 6, 6th day, the stone work had so far progressed that 
our diarist notes, " At our Meeting f[or] Suflfrings Raising y' New End of 
y* meeting house." 10 Mo. 14, he hauled "Shingles from y' Meeting 
house to Wm. McMuUins [brother of George McMillan] to Soak." By 
10 Mo. 21, no doubt the shingles were sufficiently soaked, and evidently 
he is returning them, when he writes under this date, " hailing Shingals 
for y" Meeting house." 

The addition was soon completed, and, I Mo. 2, 17S3, we lind the 
committee settling with " the Masons for Building y' new meeting house 
and ther is Due to them jf 44-4-0." 

Repairs on the old end were begun the following summer. 5 ^'°' ^7i 
1783, they were " Striping the old Roof of[r]," and 6 Mo. 20, " hailing 
Sleepers for the Meeting house." 8 Mo. It, they were " taking up the 
Meeting house floorc." 9 Mo. 26, Walker went "to Manahan to Allin 
Tarbuts for a Load of Boards for y* Meeting." II Mo. 17, they settled 
"with the Carpenters that Built the Meeting house; it Came to ^^47- 

Places of Settlement 171 

the nineteenth century, and now meetings are held 
on only one First-day each year. 

A large number of Irish Friends made their 
way to the Warrington settlement. Among them 
were Thomas Wilson, from Grange, near Charle- 
mont, about 1748, a little later removing to Fair- 
fax Meeting, Virginia ; Thomas Blackburn, from 
Ballyhagen, County Armagh, about 1749; the 
brothers George, John, and William McMillan, 
from Nantmeal, Chester County, about 1750; 
John Marsh and sons John, Joshua, Jonathan, and 
W^illiam, also from Nantmeal, about same date ; 
Peter Marsh, brother of John, from same place 
about same date ; William Nevitt, a minister in 
the Society, from Moate, County West Meath, 
about 1751 ; William Hutton, from New Garden, 
Chester County, about 1751 ; Samuel Hutton, 
from Exeter, Berks County, about 1753 ; Nicholas 
Steer, from Sadsbury, about 1759; John Boyd 
and son William, from Sadsbury, the former 
about 1765 and the latter about 1754; James 
Love, from Sadsbury, about 1761; Francis and 
Thomas Wilkinson, with their mother, Elizabeth, 
widow of Joseph Wilkinson, from Chester County, 
about 1760; Francis Hobson,* from Ballyhagen, 
County Armagh, about 1 764 ; Aaron Coates, from 
Bradford, Chester County, about 1767; William 
Pillar, from Grange near Charlemont, about 1767, 

•Ancester of Richmond P. Hobson, U. S. Navy, hero of the Merrimac 
incident oflf Santiago, in the Spanish War of 1898. 

172 Immigration of tJie I risJi, Quakers 


returning to Ireland about 1769 ; William Chand- 
lee, from Deer Creek Meeting, Maryland, about 
1773 ; and Peter Milhous, from Chester County. 
About nine miles south-west of Warrington, in 
Latimer, now Huntington, Township, Adams 
County, is Huntington Meeting House, situated 
on a wooded ridge overlooking Bermudian Creek, 
some two miles south-east of the Borough of 
York Springs, formerly Petersburg. Unauthor- 
ized meetings were held in the neighborhood as 
early as 1745, for at Sadsbury Monthly Meeting, 
9 Mo. 4, 1745, William Garretson was directed to 
read three papers of acknowledgment "at Hunt- 
ington Meeting." These meetings evidently 
convened at the house of John Cox, where nearly 
all the early marriages' are known to have oc- 

* Minutes and Afarriai^f Book of Sadsbury Alonthly Meeting. 
The first marriage at Huntington was that of Nicholas Wiennan, son 
of William Wierman, of Huntington, to Sarah Cox, daughter of John 
Cox, of the same place, 8 Mo. 24, 1745. The signers were : 
Alexander Underwood Rebecca Kenworthy Nicholas Wierman 
William Underwood Sarah Cook 

Martha Garretson 

Naomi Garretson 

Hannah Cox 

Ann Hussey 

Mary Garretson 

Naomi Cox 

Rachel Beals 

Hannah Wireman 

Pricila Wireman 

Sarah J'roclor 

Elizabeth Brown 

Elizabeth Fowel 

Jane Underwood 

Olive Underwood 

Ruth Underwood 

Joseph Cox 
John Powell 
John Wireman 
Thomas Powel 
Jacob Seals 
Valintine Isickers 
Benj. Underwood 
Richard Underwood 
John Pope 
William Wireman 
Joshua Kenworthy 
John Beals 
Caleb Beals 

Sarah Wierman 
William Wireman 
Gertruyed Wireman 
John Cox 
Thomas Cox 
William Cox 
Samuel Cox 
Ann Cox 
Joseph Garretson 
Henry Wireman 
Benjamin Cox 

Places of Settlement i73 

curred. The Meeting was not regularly estab- 
lished until 1750/ 

The Meeting land, consisting of a rectangular 
tract of five acres, called " Zion," was conveyed 
to trustees of the Meeting by William Beals, by 
deed of 12 Mo. 9, 1766, and was part of 50 acres 
granted to Beals by the Proprietors' warrant of 
June 24, 1763.' The present edifice, erected in 
1790,=* has recently been covered with a slate roof 
and otherwise placed in a good state of preserva- 
tion, but regular meetings have long ceased to be 


In the early years of the Huntington settle- 
ment, few if any Irish Friends located there, but 
in the latter half of the century several families 
made it their home. 

The first location of Menallen^ Meeting was Menaiien 

/- T T • <.u Meeting 

about seven miles west of Huntmgton, on the 
east side of Opossum Creek, in Menaiien, now 
Butler, Township, Adams County. 6 Mo. 4, 1 746, 
Sadsbury Monthly Meeting " tolerates the Friends 

1 Minutes of Sadsbury Monthly Meeting, 

2 Original deeds in custody of the trustees of Menaiien Monthly Meet- 
ing ; recorded in Patent Book N, 34, p. 403- Department of Internal Af- 
fairs, Harrisburg, Pa., and in Deed Book KK, pp. 252, 485. Recorder's 
Office, York, Pa. 

3 At Warrington Quarterly Meeting, 8 Mo. 23, 1790, report was made 
that a new meeting-house had been buHt " at Huntington in place of an 

old one." 

•This name, doubtless of Irish origin, is spelled in all possible ways in 
the old records hut Menaiien is the form used at the present day. 

1 74 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

of Monalin to have Meetings of Worship to be 
kept on First Day and Fifth Day until Further 
Orders." 2 Mo. i6, 1748, "friends of Minallen 
requsts to have their meeting settled," and later 
in the year the meeting was regularly established.^ 
The Meeting land, consisting of 20 acres and 153 
perches, was not granted until May 26, 1788.- It 
is not known when the first edifice was built, but 
Nicholas Scull's map of the State shows that one 
had been erected as early as 1758.^ 

In 1838, the original site was abandoned^ ; the 

•One of the first marriages at Menallen was that of Samuel Pope, of 
Tyrone Township, to Elizabeth .Stevenson, of Menallen Township, 7 Mo. 
4, 1 75 1. The signers were as follows : 

Jacob Hinshaw 
William Wright 
Richard Proctor 
Charles Pidgen 
Daniel Winter 
Walter Carson 
Thomas Hamilton 
Richard Sadler 
William Young 
John Wilson 
Nicholas Bishon 
Anthony Blackburn 
Edward Whitehead 
Micbal Willson 
John Shepherd 

Sarah Underwood 
Mary Wood 
Elizabeth McGrew 
Elizabeth Uicks 
Rebeca Blackburn 
Elizabeth Pope 
Richmunday Shepherd 
Sarah Ruddock 
Jane Shepherd 
Sarah Shepherd 
Eamey Cox 
Agness Carson 
Elen Carson 
J.ine Young 
precila Wireman 

Samuel Pope 
Elizabeth Pope 
John Pope 
William Shepherd 
Alex'. Underwood 
Jno. Blackburn 
John Mickle 
William Delap 
Finley McGrew 
Jno. Wright 
Thomas Blackburn 
Robert More 
John Cox 

Richard Chesnon 

2 Patent granted Feb. 8. 18IJ, recorded in Patent Book M, No. 8, page 
533. Department of Internal Affairs, Marrisburg, Pa. 

^ Penna Archives, 3d Series, Appendix. 

« By indenture (Deed Book S, page 478, Recorder's Office, Gettysburg, 
Pa.), dated April 24, 1852, the Friends leased 3 acres and 6 perches of 

Places of Settlement 175 

old log meeting-house was taken down, removed 
about three miles to the north-west, and rebuilt in a 
more convenient place,* near Flora Dale, about one 
mile south of what is now Bendersville.' In 1884, 
the old log house gave way to the present brick 
building, erected to the rear of the former one on 
a plot of 84 perches, purchased in 1871.^ The 
Meeting is still well attended, and with the excep- 
tion of Fawn Meeting, in the south-east corner of 
York County, is the only surviving meeting of 
the original York County. 

In its early years Menallen Meeting was dis- 
tinctively an Irish meeting, the majority of its 
members being from Ireland. Among them were 
John Blackburn,* Judge of the York County Court 
in 1764, County Treasurer in 1759 and 1766,^ and 

the tract tc the Dunkers or German Baptists, at the rate of one dollar 
annually for a term of fifty years. Upon this plot the Dunkers erected a 
wooden meeting house and laid out a burial ground. The Friends con- 
tinued to make their interments in the original graveyard until 1853, when 
a piece of land adjoining the new site was purchased and another graveyard 
opened {Land Title Papers, in possession of Menallen Meeting). 

' The land for the new location, consisting of I42.4 perches, was con- 
veyed to the Meeting by Nathan Wright and Elizabeth, his wife, by deed 
of May 15, 1839, for a consideration of ;Jl7.75 and with the condition that 
should it cease to be used as a place of worship it should revert to the 
original tract. — Land Title Papers. 

^ History 0/ Adams County, 226, 31 1. 

'Menallen Meeting land is now an L-shaped tract of I acre and 142 

* In 1755. he joined the forces sent to subdue the Indians and was 
disowned by the Society. 

5 Gibson's YorA County, 304, 494. 

1 76 Ivmiigration of the Irish Quakers 

member of Assembly. Daniel Winter, William 
Delap. Joseph Hewitt and son George, from Bally- 
hagen Meeting, County Armagh ; John Wright, 
from Castleshane, Count}' Monaghan ; John Mor- 
ton, from New Garden, Chester Count)' ; Thomas 
Nevitt, from Sadsbur\' ; William Xewlin, and 
Moses Harlan,^ son of George, from Chester 
Count)' ; George Wilson, Solomon Shepherd, and 
Jacob Hinshaw, from Grange near Charlemont ; 
Robert Mickle, from Dublin ; and Francis Hobson, 

York Meeting The Friends were among the earliest settlers at 

York, the countj'-seat of York Count)', but a 

meeting seems not to have been held there until 

1754. Under date of 12 Mo. 21st of that year, 

Warrington Monthly Meeting minutes state : 

" Our Friends in and about York, living remote 

from any of our meetings. Requests the liberty 

of holding a meeting among themselves for this 

winter season, which this meeting has good unity 

with." A regular meeting was established in 

1764, and on October 29th of the following year 

a lot of ground on the north side of Philadelphia 

' Moses Harlan obtained a patent for 855 acres of land on the upper 
fork of the Conewago Creek, in Menallen Township, Oct. 9, 1745. He 
and Margaret, his wife, by deed of July 2f, 1747, conveyed to John 
Blackburn, 258 acres thereof. The will of Moses Harlan, of Menallen 
Tow^nship, was dated 10 Mo. 10, 1747 and proven March 29, 1749. He 
mentions bis son-in-law John Blackburn ; grandson Jacob Cox, son of 
daughter Mary Cox ; grandsons Thomas and Moses Blackburn ; and grand- 
daughter Dinah Cox 

Places of Settlevietit 177 

Street was purchased from Nathan Hussey and 
Edith his wife.^ Upon this lot a brick meeting- 
house was erected in 1766.- By will, dated i 
Mo. 25. 1773, Nathan Hussey bequeathed to the 
Meeting a lot adjoining on the west. About 
17S6 the meeting-house was enlarged to its pres- 
ent proportions, an addition being made to the 
west end. The Societj^ in the city is now almost ex- 
tinct and rcijular meetinos have been discontinued. 

Among the most prominent of the Irish Friends 
to settle in York were the Loves and Kirks. 

We see, then, that the Irish Friends first lo- Expansion of 
cated in the original counties of Philadelphia and ou^erism"^ 
Chester. Thence, with the expansion of the 
Province, many of them joined the southward and 
westward migrations of Friends, which durino- the 
third and fourth decades of the eighteenth centurj' 
began from the Quaker strongholds of the original 

For three-quarters of a centur)' one of these Southuard 
streams of Quaker migration injected a new and 
vigorous element into the Quakerism of the South.^ 

^ Deed Book CC,page /jj, Recorder's 065ce, York. 

*The following Friends subscribed to a paper, dated I Mo. I, 1766, 
contributing to the building fund : Nathan Hussey, William Willis, 
Joseph Updegraif, Joseph Garretson, William Matthews, Harman Upde- 
graff, Jesse Falkner, James Lxjve, John Collins, and Joseph Collins. 

At Western Quarterly Meeting, S Mo. II, 1767, report was made that 
" Friends in and about York have now built a Meeting- House." 

' For the principal facts of the southward movement I am indebted to 
Dr. Stephen B. Weeks' Southern Quakers and Slavery^ which is a most 
thorough and scholarly treatment of the subject. 

1 78 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

The movement reached the Monocacy region of 
Maryland about 1725. Here it rested for a time, 
and then crossed the Potomac River and struck 
Hopewell, north of what is now Winchester, in 
Frederick County, Virginia, in 1732.^ In that 
year a company of Friends from Pennsylvania, 
under the leadership of Alexander Ross, an Irish 
Friend, settled on a tract of 100,000 acres of land, 
called Hopewell, on Opequan Creek, in the beau- 
tiful Shenandoah Valley, obtaining a charter for the 
land from the government of Virginia. A meet- 
ing called Opequan, afterward Hopewell, was es- 
tablished two years later ; and Hopewell Monthly 
Meeting, including the meetings of Hopewell and 
Monocacy, in 1735.^ Among the Pennsylvania 
Friends of Irish name who made their way to 
Hopewell we find the Kirks, Hollingsworths, Wil- 
sons, Greggs, Hiatts, and Steers. 

About the same time with the founding of the 
Hopewell settlement a branch of the same migra- 
tion moved from Maryland into Loudon and Fair- 
fax Counties, Virginia ; thence to the southern 
counties of that colony ; and by 1 743 it had gotten 
as far as Carver's Creek in Bladen County, North 
Carolina. During the next twenty years Friends 
swarmed into the central sections of the latter 
state and founded Cane Creek, New Garden, and 

' Weeks, 70, 96. 

^Jaunty, III., 248; Minutes of Chisler Quarterly Meeting ; sketch 01 
Hopewell Meeting, Friends' Intelligencer, LI II., 461-3. 

Places of Settlement 179 

a large number of other monthly meetings. About 
1 760, the movement was once more on its way 
southward, and by the time of the Revolution had 
spent itself in the founding of a series of meet- 
ings in South Carolina and Georo-ia. 

Among the Friends of the Carolinas we find the 
Starrs, INIcCools, Steers, Greggs, Musgraves, 
Sharps, Hobsons, Newlins, Hadlys, Harlans, Hol- 
lingsworths, Coates', Dixons, Stanfields, Jacksons, 
Johnsons, Lindleys, Milhous', Hiatts, Hinshaws,^ 
and many other families of Irish name, formerly 
from Pennsylvania. 

By the end of the eighteenth century the south- 
ern Friends had taken such a firm stand against 
the institution of slavery, that they were no longer 
able to come into economic competition with their 
neighbors who utilized slave labor. Their situa- 
tion was rendered still more uncomfortable by the 
hostile attitude assumed by these slave-holding 
neighbors, and the passing of the century wit- 
nessed a great exodus of the Society to the newly 
opened free Northwest Territoi'y. Thousands of 
Friends, including many of Irish name originally 
from Pennsylvania, left their old homes to escape 
the hated system, and following several routes 
through Virginia and Kentucky, poured into the 
new country'. 

^The Hinshaws settled at Cane Creek, in North Carolina, several of 
them coming directly from Clrange near Charlemcnt, Ireland, and others 
from Warrington, York County, Pennsylvania. 

1 80 Iinmigratiofi of the Irish Qtiakers 

u^estward The direct westward migration/ as previously 

narrated, reached Sadsbury, in Lancaster County, 
about 1723. By 1727 it was on the east bank of 
the Susquehanna, where it halted for a decade ; 
then with the close of the Cresap War it moved 
in full force upon York County. Here its west- 
ward course was checked for a time by the great 
barriers of the South Mountain and the Allegheny 
ranges, and by the French occupation of the west- 
ern country, and the movement was deflected 
southward into Maryland, Virginia, and the Caro- 
linas ; but with the close of the French and Indian 
War, at the Peace of Paris in 1763, the rich allu- 
vial lands of the Monongahela Valley or Redstone 
Region in Western Pennsylvania, which with the 
Mississippi Valley had now come into possession 
of the English, were thrown open to settlement, 
and once more the tide of migration was west- 
ward bound. 

From the original York County the migration 
passed to points in the Cumberland Valley, most 
detachments moving through Shippensburg. 
Here the migration divided. One branch, taking 
the less mountainous and, for a time at least, the 
more popular route, proceeded down the Cum- 
berland Valley into Maryland and then followed 
the devious course of the valley of the Potomac to 

■This sketch of the westward movement of the Quakers from Pennsyl- 
Tania is drawn from a mass of material, chiefly from the original manu- 
script sources, which I have collected preparatory to a more extended 
study of the subject. 

Places of Settlement i8i 

Fort Cumberland ; thence, advancing along the 
line of march of the ill-fated Braddock, it crossed 
the great ridge of the Alleghenies, and passing 
again into Pennsylvania made its v^ray over Laurel 
Hill through Beesontown,' to Redstone Old Fort, 
later Brownsville, on the Monongahela, where it 
was diffused over the valley of that river. The 
other branch, crossing an almost continuous series 
of mountain ridges, advanced directly westward 
along the old military road from Shippensburg by 
way of Fort Littleton and Bedford^ to Redstone, 
where the two branches were aeain united. 

So far as known, the first Friend to settle in the 
Redstone region was Henry Beeson, who removed 
from Berkeley County, Virginia, in i 768, and be- 
came the founder of Beesontown, now Union- 
town.^ He was soon joined by other Friends 
from Virginia, Maryland, and a little later by those 
from the eastern part of Pennsylvania ;^ and by 
1773, when the ministers John Parrish and Zebu- 
Ion Heston,^ on their return from a mission to the 

' Now Uiiiontown, Fayetle County. 

^At Dunnings Creek, near Bedford, settled Thomas Blackburn, of Men- 
alien, ancestor of the numerous progeny of the name in Bedford County 
(See History of BeJ/ord Coiin/y, 282). Benjamin Walker, of Warrington, 
York County, notes in his diary, 12 Mo. 5, 1783 : " to Bedford then Thos. 
Blackburns on Dennings Creeck Lodged." 

3 Ellis, History 0/ -Fayette County, 279; Friends^ Intelligencer, LIV. , 
347, footnote. 

* Veech, The Monongahela of Old, 99. 

' Heston's grand-nephew John Lacy, afterward Brigadier-General in the 
Continental .^rmy, accompanied them and has left some account of the 
journey in his Memoirs. {Penn a Mag., XXV., I et ief.) 

1 82 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

Ohio Indians, visited the region, several small 
Quaker settlements had been made/ In 1776, 
report was made to Warrington and Fairfax 
Quarterly Meeting that about eighteen families 
" have removed from 'different parts of this & 
the neitrhborino- Provinces & settled over the 
Alligahania Mountains"^; but the War of the 
Revolution having now begun in earnest the work 
of settlement was greatly retarded. 

In this same year of 1 7 76, the British commander 
at Detroit began to incite the Indians to attack the 
frontier of Pennsylvania, and the assaults of the 
red men upon VVheeling and the neighborhood of 
Pittsburgh in this and the following year caused 
such alarm among the settlers that large numbers, 
including some Friends, returned to their former 
homes. Margaret Cook, a minister, on her way 
to this county in the spring of 1778, mentions in 
her Journal that she and her companions " met 
some going back with their fleetings ^ driving as if 
the Indians were just behind them, and the road 
was so filled with pack horses that it was difficult 
getting along." ^ Later in this year the Quarterly 
Meeting was informed " that many of the Fami- 

• Journal of John Parrish, Penn\i Mag., XVI., 446-8. 
*MS. copy of Minutes, Library Hist. Soc. of I'enn'a. 
'Flitlings, — household effects in the course of removal. 

* I'rietids' Intelligtncet; I. IV., 347. On her return journey she notes 
that, 5 Mo. 20th, on the Alleghany Mountains, they "met a company go- 
ing to fight the Indians." 

Places of Settlement 1 83 

lies of Friends settled there have removed back to 
the Meetings from whence they went and they 
were much dispersed."' 

After the victories of George Rog^ers Clark in 
1778-79, and the subjugation of the Indians, the 
Redstone settlers feared attack no longer, and 
many of those who had fled now returned ; but 
the remainder of the war period was marked by 
few accessions of emigrants, a census of the 
Friends in these sections in 1780 showing only 
seventeen families or about one hundred and fifty 
persons.- The close of active hostilities, however, 
witnessed a great inpouring of immigrants along 
the two routes. In 1782, a meeting for worship 
and a preparative meeting were established at 
Westland, about six miles west of Redstone Fort. 
By 1785, the Quaker population had so increased 
that another meeting for worship was erected at 
Redstone, and these two meetings were formed 
into a monthly meeting called Westland. Other 
meetings soon followed, and in 1 793 a new monthly 
meeting- called Redstone was organized. 

Among the Irish Friends in the van of the 
movement, as mentioned by Parrish in h\s Journal 
of 1773, were Joseph and Anthony Blackburn and 
Simon and James McGrew, living between the two 
Sewicklys ; Solomon Shepherd and his brother 

^ Minutes, 
2 Ibid. 

1 84 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

John, located near Fort Ligonier, — all from Men- 
alien ; and Barnabas McNamee and Thomas 
Greesf, near Redstone Fort, the former from Not- 
tingham and the latter from Kennett. Joshua 
Brown, travelling in 1787, speaks of Joshua 
Dixon, of Fallowfield, in what is now Washington 
County'; and Peter Yarnall, who made a visit in 
1789, mentions Alexander and Finly McGrew, of 
near the Sewicklys, and Henry Dixon on the Mo- 
nongahela.^ Other Quaker arrivals of Irish name, 
as shown by the records of Westland and Red- 
stone Monthly Meetings, were the Huttons, Pen- 
nocks, Hobsons, Newlins, McMillans, Whinerys, 
and Kirks; in fact, few Irish names were unrep- 
resented in this and the later great mitjration to 
the Middle West. 

By the opening of the nineteenth century the 
Friends became infected more strongly than ever 
with the prevailing spirit of migration, and again 
we find them on the westward march. A stream 
of migration more powerful than any of the pre- 
ceding, arising to considerable extent from new 
sources in eastern Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and 
even New York, now flowed in a steady current 
through the two well-worn channels to the gate- 
way of the Redstone region, where, gathering new 

' MS. Journal of Joshua Blown, Friends' Library. 142 North Six- 
teenth Street, Philadelphia. 

* Journal of Peter Yarnall, Comly's Fri-nds' Aliscellany, vol. 2, pages 

Places of Settlement 185 

strength, it moved to the River Ohio and spread out 
over the broad and fertile plains of the Old North- 
west. Here, mingling with the great stream of 
Quakers from the South, it gave rise to many new 
meetings, almost if not equaling in number those 
of the Atlantic seaboard, and became an important 
factor in the formation and development of the 
great commonwealths of the Mississippi Valley. 




Introductory /^~\ F the social Conditions among the Irish 
Friends in early Pennsylvania some idea 
will have been formed from the preceding 
chapters, particularly from Robert Parke's long 
letter' ; now let us consider this phase of our 
history more in detail, dwelling especially upon 
some of the more important sides of country life. 
The diaries, wills, and inventories of the time, 
and the ancient records of Friends, abound in 
quaint and interesting items reflecting the man- 
ners and customs of the period, and it is these rich 
stores chiefly that have been drawn upon. On 
many points, however, authentic material was not 
at hand, and this in part accounts for the some- 
what inadequate and fragmentary character of 
portions of the chapter. 
Irish Friends The Irish Friends were an active and enlerpris- 
iveii Adapted j^g people, particularly well adapted for pioneer 
Li/e life, doubtless more so than the English and Welsh 

Friends ; for the unsetded state of Ireland through 
so long a period, — that of the Cromwellian Settle- 
ment, the raids of the Rapparees, the troubles 

' Pp- 71-79- 



Social Life of the Irish Friends 187 

between James II. and William III., and the re- 
ligious persecutions and other causes of emigra- 
tion — had inured them to privation and hardship 
and prepared them to contend with the difficulties 
of the new country. 

Although the majority of these Friends were of Mostly of 
English stock, yet those families that had been in tj'uf Modified 
Ireland for a generation or more had become by insit eh- 
modified by their Irish environment and by con- 
tact with their restless and aggressive Celtic- and 
Scotch-Irish neighbors, developing habits and 
characteristics that distinguished them from the 
English Friends of the Province. 

These characteristics crop out in the old meet- 
ing records, which show that the younger Irish 
Friends especially were impulsive and full of 
spirit, chafing under the restraint of the strict and 
repressive discipline of the Society as enforced 
in those days ; and it is quite common, as we shall 
see, to find them "marrying out by y" priest" 
and otherwise breaking the rules. In this con- 
nection it is also worthy of note that in those 
meetinofs in which the Irish element was strong- 
there was a tendency to be more liberal in belief 
and less string-ent in the administration of some 
of the rules of discipline. 

In those neighborhoods where the clan spirit 
was strong, and where most of the marriages oc- 
curred among their own number, these Friends 

1 88 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

The Arrival 


0/ Old 

Small Capi- 
tal of Immi- 

from Ireland 

Home near 



preserved much of their Irish identity for genera- 
tions ; but by the early years of the nineteenth cen- 
tur}- they had lost much of this peculiarit)' and were 
becoming rapidly absorbed in the new composite 
American race. 

On their first arrival from Ireland, and before 
their own homes could be provided, immigrant 
Friends did not want for food and shelter ; in that 
era of simple kindliness and free-hearted hospi- 
tality the old settlers were ever ready with open 
door to receive the newcomers and to assist and 
counsel them in choosing a location. The great 
body of these Friends brought only small capital 
with them, but they were young and vigorous and 
the favorable opportunities offered here enabled 
the most of them to begin a fairly comfortable 
settlement. Men with families usually brought 
their household goods with them, purchasing in 
the Colony, horses, cattle, and such other neces- 
saries that could be bought to better advantage 
on this side of the water. 

It was customary for those Friends who in- 
tended to establish themselves upon inland planta- 
tions, first to provide temporary' homes for their 
families near the place of landing, and then to go, 
often several in a company, prospecting for farm 
land in the interior. 

Ties of kin and of friendship had an important 
bearing on the selection of lands ; those who had 

Social Life of the Irish Friends 1 89 

been kinsmen or old friends in Ireland naturally selection 0/ 
desired to locate near each other in Pennsylvania, ^^'T^, . . 

' Arfeclea by 

and in consequence we find such distinctive Irish Ties 0/ Kin 
Quaker settlements as those of Newark and "pricdskip 
Centre in New Castle County, New Garden in 
Chester County, Sadsbury in Lancaster County, 
and Menallen in the original York County. 

Once the land was selected and steps taken to joumeyto 
secure the title thereto, usually by warrant^ from ■* ''' 
the Proprietary, haste was made to remove the 
families thither so that the settlement might be 
well advanced before the winter season had 
begun.- Pack-horses, almost the only means of 
transportation, were now made ready with saddles 
and pillions, and the women and children and farm 
and household effects were loaded upon them, 
the men frequently travelling on foot, leading the 
horses and driving the flocks and herds before 
them. Thus equipped the little procession would 
set off through the dark and lonely woods, follow- 

' The planter applied at the land office for the warrant, which was 
issued by the Proprietary, or the Commissioners, and addressed to the Re- 
ceiver-General, authorizing that official to have a survey made on terms 
described in the document. The warrant then passed to the Surveyor- 
General, who made a copy, returning the original to the warrantee to be 
held as evidence of title until the patent was issued. The Sur\-ey or- General 
gave the copy of the warrant with an order to the Deputy -Surveyor of the 
county in which the land was located, directing the suney to be made. 
After the Deputy-Surveyor had completed his measurements, he reported to 
the office of the Surveyor-General, who then issued a patent to the pur- 
chaser of the land. It usually happened that the patent was not issued 
until some years after the warrant. 

2 In this connection see Robert Parke's letter, pages 71-79. 

190 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 


the Land 


The Clap- 
board House 

ing the Indian trails and the paths marked by 
blazed trees to the new abode. 

The site of the dwelling on the plantation was 
generally near a spring of water, either on low 
ground or on the warm southern slope of a hill, 
for the sake of protection from the bleak and 
piercing winds of winter. With an energy and 
enthusiasm born of the thought that they were no 
longer tenants but absolute owners of the soil, 
the whole family now worked to win a home from 
the unconquered wilds. The trees fell quickly 
under the sturdy blows of the woodman's sharp- 
edged axe, and soon a little clearing appeared 
amidst the encircling forest. The next concern 
was the erection of a house. This first habitation 
was only a rude cabin built of timber hewn and 
sawed by hand from the fallen trees ; but before 
many years had elapsed, with the large increase 
that blessed his labors, the farmer was enabled to 
erect a more comfortable and commodious dwell- 
ing of brick or stone, often making it an addition 
to the original house. 

There were several methods of constructing the 
first wooden house. One of those suggested by 
Pennin his Directions to Such Persons as are iuclitied 
to America,^ issued about 1682, was doubtless 
followed by many of the early settlers. He writes :- 

' Reprinted in J'cttna. Mag., IV., 329-342 ; see also Oldmixon's Brit- 
ish /iinpire in Aiiieria (printed in 1 70S), reprinted in Hazard's Register 
(Phila,, 1S30), v., 177. 

ij>cnna. Mag., IV., 334-5. 

Social Life of the Irish Friends 1 9 1 

To build then, an House of thirty foot long and eighteen foot broad, 
with a partition neer the middle, and an other to divide one end of the 
House into two small Rooms, there must be eight Trees of about sixteen 
Inches square, and cut off, to Posts of about fifteen long, which the House 
must stand upon, and four pieces, two of thirty foot long, and two o< 
eighteen foot long, for Plates, which must lie upon the top of those 
Posts, t!ie whole length and breadth of the House, for the Gists to rest 
upon. There must be ten Gists of twenty foot long, to bear the Loft, and 
two false Plates of thirty foot long to lie upon the ends of the Gists for the 
Rafters to be fixed upon, twelve pare of Rafters of about twenty foot, to 
bear the Roof of the House, with several other small pieces ; as Wind- 
beams, Braces, Studs, etc. which are made out of the Waste Timber. 
For Covering the House, Ends, and Sides, and for the Ijoft, we use Clab- 
board, which is Rived feather- edged, of five foot and a half long, that 
well Drawn, lyes close and smooth : The Lodging Room may be lined 
with the same, and filled up between, which is very Warm. These homes 
usually endure ten years without Repair. . . . The lower flour is the Ground, 
the upper Clabboard. This may seem a mean way of Building but 'tis 
sufficient and safest for ordinary beginners. 

Dankers and Sluyter' the Dutch Labadists, on 
their journey from New York to the Delaware, in 
1679, met with this form of house at the Falls of 
Delaware, now Trenton, New Jersey, and have left 
the following description : 

Nov. 17th. — Most of the English, and many others, have their houses 
made of nothing but clapboards, as they call them there, in this manner : 
they first made a wooden frame, the same as they do in Westphalia, and 
at Altona, but most so strong ; they then split the boards of clapboard, 
50 that they are like cooper's pipe staves, except they are not bent. These 
are made very thin with a large knife, so that the thickest end is about a 
pinck (little finger) thick, and the other is made sharp, like the edge of a 
knife. They are about five or six feet long, and are nailed on the outside 
of the frame, with the ends lapped over each other. They are not 
usually laid so close together, as to prevent you from sticking a finger be- 
ween them, in consequence either of their not being well joined, or the 
boards being crooked. When it is cold and windy the best people plaster 

' Memoirs sf the Low^ Islam/ llistoiical Society, L, 172. 

192 Immigration of t/ic Irish Quakers 

them with clay. Such are most all the English houses in the country, ex- 
cept those they have which were built by people of other nations. Now 
this house was new and airy ; and as the night was very windy from the 
north, and extremey cold. 

This description is confirmed in " An Account of East Jersey, in 1684" : ' 

" They build not only of Wood, but also of .Stone and brick, yet most of 

Country Houses are built of Wood only Trees split and set up on end on the 

ground, and coverings to their Houses are mostly Shingles made of Oak, 

Chestnut and Cedar Wood, which makes a very neat covering : " 

The most common form of the early dwell- 
ing, however, was the more permanent log 
The Lng Cabin," built of squared logs, placed horizontally 
House ^j^g upon the other and notched together at the 
corners. The interstices between the logs were 
filled in or "chinked" with stones or wedges of 
wood, and then plastered over with mortar or 
clay. The roof was covered with boards or oak 
shingles, either pinned by wooden pins or pegs or 
held in place by "weight timbers."^ Says Ash- 

' Hart's American I/islory told by Contemporaries, I., 569. 

^Dankers and Sluyter {^Memoirs L. I. Hist. Soc., I., 175) in their 
journey of 1679, give an account of the log house of Jacob Hendricks, a 
Swede, of Burlington, New Jersey, stating that it was '^ made according 
to the Swedish mode, and as they usually build their houses here, which 
are block houses, being nothing else than entire trees, split through the 
middle, or squared out of the rough, and placed in the form of a square, 
upon each other, as high as they wish to have the house ; the ends of these 
timbers are let into each other, about a foot from the ends, half of one into 
half of the other. The whole structure is thus made, without a nail or a 
spike. The ceiling and roof do not exhibit much finer work, except 
among the most careful people, who have the ceiling planked and a glass 
window. The doors are wide enough, but very low, so that you have to 
stoop in entering. These houses are quite light and warm ; but the chim- 
ney is placed in a corner." 

3 Isaac Weld, Travels through the States of North America, in 1795, 
21-22; Peter Kalm, Travels into America, in 1748, p. 166; Lodge's 

Social Lije of tlie Irisli Friends 193 

mead : ^ "Locks in ordinary use were unknown ; 
the doors [were hung- on wooden hinges or straps 
of hide and] were opened by strings, which on be- 
ing pulled from the outside raised heavy wooden 
latches within, to which they were made fast, and 
intrusion was prevented when the inmates pulled 
the latch-strings in at the outer doors. From this 
common practice originated the ancient saying 
descriptive of generous hospitality, ' the latch- 
string is always out.' " 

A stone chimney of immense size, capable of Equipment of 
receiving a whole cord stick on the hearth, was ^^^^ 
built into one end of the house. The great fire- 
place was used for cooking and heating. Here 
were to be found frying-pans, chafing-dishes, and The Hearth 
spits, and suspended over the andirons by pot- 
hooks from an iron bar or crane, were the pots 
and kettles, which were so highly prized by the 
settlers that they were frequently bequeathed by 
will. George Harlan, of Kennett, in his will of 
1 714, devised to his son Aaron a "great brass 
kettle," and William Halliday, of New Garden, in 
1 741, left "unto my Daughter Deborah Lindly 
my big pott that I brought from Ireland." We 
may be sure that his bequest was all the more 
highly regarded because it had come over sea. 

Colonies, 24S ; Ashmead's Delaware County, 179; Alice Morse Earle's 
Home Life in Colonial Days : Acrelius, History A^e70 Sweden in Memoirs 
Hist. Soe. Penna., XI., 157. 
' Delaware County, 179. 


1 94 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

llalliday also gave to his daughter-in-law, Mabel 
Halliday, "a gridle." 

The great hearth fire was the center of attrac- 
tion in the long winter evenings. Its dancing 
flames filled the room with good cheer, throwing 
into the shadow the bare and homely outlines and 
lighting up with gentle touch the prominent fea- 
tures, — the rude furniture, the floor bare save for 
a rug or two, the overhanging beams, the mantel 
bright with pewter and brass,' and the walls un- 
adorned excepting perhaps for a map or sampler 
or a fowling-piece. Here by the fireside the 
household and perhaps a few neighbors would 
assemble to enjoy the evening fire and to chat of 
affairs of common interest and to exchange the 
marvelous stories current in those days ; but no one 
has equalled the gentleWhittier in giving the spirit 
of this scene of domestic peace and contentment : 

Shut in from all the world without, 
We sat the clean- winged hearth about. 
Content to let the north-wind roar 
In baffled rage at ])ane and door, 
Wliile the red logs before us beat 
The frost-line back with tropic heat ; 
And ever, when a louder blast 
Shook beam and rafter as it passed, 
The merrier up its roaring draught 
The great throat of the chimney laughed ; 
The -house-dog on its paws outspread 
Laid to the fire his drowsy head, 

' Dublin Half Year Meeting, in writing to Friends on tlie Delaware, in 
1681, advise them to avoid " flourishing needless Pewter and Brass " in 
their kitchens. 

Social Life of the Irish Friends 195 

The cat's dark silhouette on the wall 
A couchant tiger's seemed to fall ; 
And, for the winter fireside meet, 
Between the andirons' straddling feet. 
The mug of cider simmered slow, 
The apples sputtered in a row, 
And, close at hand, the basket stood 
With nuts from brown October's wood. 

What matter how the night behaved ? 
What matter how the north -wind raved ? 
Blow high, blow low, not all its snow 
Could quench our hearth-fire's ruddy glow.' 

A study of the inventories of the estates of inventories 
some of the deceased Irish Friends shows quite 
accurately the character and extent of their pos- 
sessions, and enables us to form a fairly clear 
idea of the furnishings of the houses and of the 
stock and implements of the farms, and to com- 
pare the wealth of the settlers with that of their 
neighbors.^ The inventory^ of "all & Singular y' M» 
Goods & Chattels Rights & Credits of John Goods, 1714 
Lowdon Late of New Garden in the County of 

' Sncnu-Bound. 

2 Extracts from the inventory of George Harlan, of Kennett, made Oct. 
29, 1714 : wearing apparrell £'i\ 1 Bed 1 Bolster 2 pillows & pillow Cases ; 
2 |i of Sheets ; I Rug and I blanket ; I Bedstead ; I Chest ; I Table ; I 
Couch ; I old wanning pan ; two Chests ; 6 pieces of pewter ; 1 Bress 
Skillet ; I frying pan ; 3 floats 3 pails I Churn I wooden bottle ; I Gun ; 
2 Cows I black i Red ; I Stone horse ; I Dark brown meare Called Midge 
& this years horse Colt ; I Black Ridgelin (?) ; I Dark Brown mare with 
a bay yearling ; saws, augers, planes, axes, etc ; one old Bed tick and 
Bolster ; one Bay mare about 15 years old in the woods ; one Brown Bay 
Horse Colt about I year old ; I bay horse one bay mare ; one Sorril Colt ; 
I Grey Mare and Colt [Total value of estate £, 270. 8. 2.] 

'Made 3 Mo. 10, 1714, by James Starr and Michael Lightfoot. — Papers 
No. 3, Register's Offict; West Oi ester. Pa. 

196 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

Chester, weaver," made in 17 14, after Lowden 
had been in this country about three years, indi- 
cates how bare and meagre were some of these 
homes : 

One Cow and Calf ; a horse ; wheat 6 acres ; a ffealher Bedd and 
Bedding; a fflock Bedd and Bedding; Course Sheets; Table Linnen 
Wareing Apparell ; I.innings ; 2 Saddles and a pair of Boots ; Iron Tools ; 
Gunn and Gunn Barrell ; Small irons ; Twoo potts ; Pewter & two Brass 
Candlesticks ; two Chests ; An Old Box ; Some Wooden Vessels ; A 
Spade ; Three Hundred Acres of Land. [Total value of estate £, 205- 

The absence of the items of furniture such 
as chairs, tables, and bedsteads, from this and 
other inventories of the time, seems due to the 
fact that much of tlie furniture was of such crude 
construction, that it was not considered worthy of 
inclusion in the list. John Miller, yeoman and 
miller, one of the largest land owners of the 
New Garden settlement, died in the same year as 

John Miller's Lowdou, but seems to have been more well-to-do. 

Inventory j-jjg househood goods WCfC : ^ 

Three Ruggs ; two pare of Sheets ; fourteen yards of Cloath ; two pil- 
lows ; two bed ticks ; three bedd steds ; twelve napkins & two table 
Cloaths ; twelve felt hats ; one Chist ; I beef barrcU ; I brewing Ceivc ; 
one washing tub & a half bushell ; two dozen of trenshers fourteen nog- 
gens and three platters ; one Couch & two t.ibles ; three putcr dishes ; 
twelve plates ; one tankard a Saltseler & a mustard cup ; two brass and 
one Iron Candlestick ; one beef barrell ; A Copper kettle & three Iron 

'Inventory made " y» 12''' of y i' i'"" 17111 "by Simon Hadly, 
Thomas Garnett, Michael Lightfoot, and James Starr. — Papers No. 9, 
Register's Office, West Cliesler, Pa. 

Social Lrfc of titc Irish Friends 197 

potts; an old Gunn barrel! & a spitt ; nine Sickles'; a spade & two 
Shovles ; Seven bars of Lead ; Some barr Iron ; two Crooks & two Smooth- 
ing Irons ; four old bells. 

From the articles of this list we can well picture a Neu< 
to ourselves the appointments of a New Garden /j/,i,"'- 
dinner table in 1 7 1 4. The rough home-made ^«*'^. ^7^4 
board with its supporting trestles was covered with 
snowy cloth — board-cloth — and napkins of linen, 
spun, woven, and bleached by the good house- 
wife, doubtless, in her old home in Ireland. The 
dishes were mostly of wood with some few pieces 
of pewter, always kept bright and shining. The 
center-piece was the salt-cellar, which in many 
colonial homes divided the guests, seated "above 
the salt," from those of lesser note, placed "below 
the salt." Large shallow pewter platters were 
heaped high with meats and vegetables. Wooden 
trenchers served as plates, and wooden noggins as 
drinking cups ; and mustard cup, wooden tank- 
ards for water or liquor, and pewter porringers 
likewise graced the board. There were no cov- 
ered dishes, saucers, glass or china, although 
earthenware was to be found on some tables. 

1 From evidence of old diaries the sickle seems to have been used in 
Chester County up to the Revolution, and then the grain-cradle was intro- 
duced. Richard Barnard, of East Marlborough, on a visit to Deer Creek, 
Harford County, Md., notes in his manuscript diary, 6 Mo. 4, 1775, that 
he " observed a Creadle to Cradle wheat," and on 7 Mo. loth we find him 
engaged " about Cradle to Cradle wheat." On the 24th of the same month 
Samuel Hunt (see Fuihey and Cope, 338), of East Cain, records that 
" Leathe Ingram began to Cradle Oats at Is. 6 d. pr acre & I Pint of Rum 
a Day." 

198 hnmigraiion of the Irish Quakers 

Knives were used, but forks did not come into 
general use until later, so that the hands had to be 
constantly employed for holding the food, and on 
that account napkins were a necessity.^ 
Outfit oj From other items enumerated in Miller's in- 

ventory, we may judge ot his general equipment 
for farming : 

Six Cows & two Calves ; two yoak of oxen ; one Bull ; a two-year 
old hefer 2 year old bulocks & I hefer; twenty Sheep & Eight Lambs; 
three Horses a mare & Coult ; whate in y* bam ; a field of y* wheat & 
barly ; one Stack of oats ;'flower & wheate in y* mill ; the mill and Bolt- 
ing mills and four hundred ackers of Land ; three hundred ackers of Land 
near y* Meeting hous ; The Housing & plantation Containing three hun- 
dred ackers ; Joyners Small tools ; oagers & hand Saws ; two old whip 
Saws & a Cross Cut Saw ; one Cart & gears belonging to it ; two plows & 
three I rons ; three pitching & three Grubing axes ; two old Squaring axes 
& two hand 'axes ; one grinding Stone ; an old Mare & Colt. [Total 
value of estate over ;^938. ] 

John Fred's The inventory" of John Fred, cooper, of Bir- 
inventory, mingham, Chester County, an arrival from County 
Carlowin 1713, was made 2 Mo. 21, 1720, and is 
of particular interest as showing the arrangement 
of the furniture in the various rooms of the house. 

To Cash £?• ; To Wearing Apperall £t;^. lo s. & 

Tht Lower Room : bed and furniture ; Chairs Table & Chests ; 
Books ; a warming pan. 

The first Room above Stairs : A bed and furniture ; another bed & 
beden ; a dressing table & desk. 

The Second Room above : bed & furniture ; a Desk Chest & other 

' See Alice Morse Earle's charming book, Home Life in Colonial Days, 

* Made by William Brinton and William Home. Papers 86, Office oj 
Register of Wills, West Chester, Pa. 


Social Life of the Irish Friends 1 99 

The Kitchen : Pewter and brass ; Tongs & fire Shovel ; pans potts & 
pott hooks & Rakens ; box and heaters ; Earthen weT & Lumber. 

The Seller : Several things & vessels. 

pother Articles'] : Sheets and pillow Cases ; Table Cloaths and Nap- 
kins ; a San'ant Man and Maide, ^21 ; a Sadie ; Cart and gears & plow 
and Tacklen ; falling axes & grubing axes ; Wlieat in house & Mill ; 
green wheat ; two hores & Maire and Coult ; five oxen ; two Cows ; three 
heifers cS: three yearlings ; a grinding Stone buckett & Chaine harrow teeth 
and Crow Iron ; the plantation & Land Containing I46 acres, ^600. 
[Total value, £%26, 16 s.] 

The warming-pan, which in this inventor)- was The 
valued at 12s., was used to make the bed com- 'f'^">""s- 


fortable on a cold night ; the pan was filled with 
hot coals, and, held by its long wooden handle, 
was thrust into the bed and rapidly moved back 
and forth to keep from scorching the linen sheets. 

In the item " Sarvant Man and Maide," men- Redemp- 
tioned in the will as John Kitchien and Mar- 
garet Mathews), we have further evidence of the 
system of redemptioners or indented servants that 
played such an important part in the economic 
history of the colony.^ Evidently by this time 

' Some wills and other inventories of Irish Quakers mentioning indented 
servants were those of Joseph Coeboum, of Aston Township, now Dela- 
ware County, 1723, " A Woman Sarv' 3 years ;^8 " and " A nagro man 
called Tobitt ;^30," the latter no doubt held as a slave ; Thomas Jackson, 
of Marlborough, Chester County, 1727, "my two Sarvants Samuel 
Hughes and Elizabeth Driskle [/15]," Joseph Kelly [/lo], and Wil- 
liam Kean, 20 £" ; Ann Marshill, of New Garden, "late from Ireland," 
1729, "a Sarvant Man w'' She Sould to ^ffra : Hobson," £9:, and "ye 
halfe of y" time of a sarvant girl," £i,\ James Miller, of New Garden, 
1732, " a Sarvan man," \2£ ; Joseph Hutton, of New Garden, 1735, " 2 
Servant Women," £\f, ; Neal Moony, of London Grove, 1751, "a Boy," 
£\o; William Pirn, of East Cain, Chester, County, 1751, " a Servant 
Lads time, £<)." 


200 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

carts had come into use on the farm. The dress- 
ing table is rather an unexpected luxury. 

There is much of similarity in all these lists, but 
I shall give yet another including a number of 
articles not enumerated in the preceding lists. 
James Lind- It is the inventory ^ of James Lindley, smith, of 
ley's Estate, London Grove, Chester County, who had the 
most considerable estate of any of those men- 
tioned : 

I'urs and apparel! ^22. 12s ; 7 Heds and I'urniture thereto belonging ; 
I Chest of iJrawers 2 Chests 2 Boxes and I Looking glass ; 4 Table 
Cloaths 13 Sheets and 1 Warming pan ; 2 Pieces of Stufl and I Sett of 
New Curtains ; fflax, I hackle, Chains, Salt box, Iron pots & Candle 
sticks ; 2 mens Saddles 2 weomans Sadies I Pillion & 2 Bridles ; Wool 
Cards, Sole Leather, Pewter, Brass Tin, & wooden ware ; to Baggs, 
Mault, Indian Com, Salt, Wheels, & a half Bushel! ; Irons in the 
Kitchen, Coopers ware & Earthen ware &c ; Dressed Skin, Books Iron, 
Steel 2 whip saws & I Cross ; Carpenters Tools, Pincers, Hows, Plows, 
Harrows & Ox Chains ; Grinding Stones, Coles, Bells, Shovells, and forks 
&c ; A Cart with the Geers and Chains, hooks, and hors .Slioes; Oak 
Boards, Scantling, 3 Guns & Bullet Moulds ; Grubing Axes, Well Chain, 
Wolf Trap, falling axes &c ; Sickles, Sythes and Doe Trough ; Com in 
the Bam, and Corn in the Mill ; Com in the Ground, and Hay in the 
Meadow ; i6 horses. Mares and Colts ; 27 Cows, Oxen and Young Cattle ; 
10 Sheep and Swine ; Smiths Tools in the Shop ; one Ser\ant Man ; 5 
Bonds and one Bill ; Book Debts ; Plantation and Improvements. [Total 
value i^ni5.9s.8d.] 

The bells mentioned, no doubt, were those at- 
tached to cattle and sheep in order to trace the 
animals in their wanderings through the woods. 
This is the only reference to a " Looking glass" 
that I have noted in the inventories. The best 

'Made 10 Mo. 23, 1726. — Papers Ko. 22g, Register's OJjfice, ll'est 
Chester, Pa. 

Social Life of the Irish Friefids 201 

beds were filled widi feathers, but many persons 
of the poorer sort had to be satisfied with ticks 
filled with chaff William Pim, of East Cain, in 
1 75 1, had a " Beadstead, Curtains and Rods." 

The tall "Grandfather" clock was seldom met ne^crand- 
with in the early years, but later it was not un- ^''""""^'°''' 
common to find it in the homes of the prosperous 
farmers. In 1723, Joseph Coeburn's "Clock & 
Case" was appraised at ^10, and in 1728, Thomas 
Jackson, of Marlborough, Chester County, had a 
clock and case valued at £\2, and also a watch. 

The manner of purchasing one of these clocks, George 
shown in the manuscript account book of George ^^1'"""^ 
McMillan (a native of County Antrim, Ireland), of 

York County, <7jO/yr^ ^;^^^ 
IS an mterest- f ^^ ^ 

ing example of 

the system of barter common in new coun- 
tries where money is scarce. In i Mo., 1774, 
we find this Friend buying a clock case from 
Thomas Kirk, an Irish Friend, of York ; he notes 
on the credit side of the account under that date : 

£. s. d. 
Thomas Kirk Credit by one Clock Case and Lock 2 II o 

and on the debit side at another date : 

I. .. d. 

Thomas Kirk, Upon Balance o 3 o 

dit by 3 yards of Thick Cloath I 5 o 

AIlso by 2 bushels of Indin com o 6 o 

dito by wooU o I o 

By Cash o 16 o 

202 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

This case McIMillan took to Rudolph Spangler, 
clockmaker and silversmith, of York, later a cap- 
tain in the " Flying Camp " of the Revolution, 
and had it fitted with clock works. He then re- 
cords in his credit column : 

/. >. d. 

Rudy Spangler Credit by one Clock Set agoing at 12 oclock 

31" of 3'' month 1774 12 

and a little later in the same year in the debit 
column : 

c s. d. 
Rudolph Spangler Dr by 18 bushels of Inden Com 2 14 o 

and I b of dry apels & I of beans o 8 o 

Dito By 2200 and 55 Shingels S I 5 

Dito by 1800 Shingles 4 I O 

12 4 5 

This ancient clock,' measuring about seven feet 
in height and bearing on its face the inscription, 
" Rudy Spangler, York-town," is preserved as a 
precious heirloom in the McMillan family^ and is 
still an excellent timekeeper. 
Dress The dress of the Friends in the early years of 
Pennsylvania differed but little from that of the 
other settlers of the same class. It was not until 
the close of the first quarter of the eighteenth 
century that F"riends began to make an effecti\e 
protest against extravagance in apparel and to 
adopt a more formal costume'- of "home-spun 

' It is now in possession of Smith Bell McMillan, of Signal, Ohio, a 
descendant of the original owner. 

2 .\t Falls Monthly Meeting, Bucks County, in 1 701 one of the mem- 
bers being reported " very poor and in necessity " a committee was ordered 
" to get [for him] a good pair of leather bricbes and a good warm coat 
and waist coat, one pair of stockings and shoes." 

Grace Church Street Friends Meeting, London, about 1750 

Burlington Meeting House. New Jersey 1683-1787 

Social Life of the Irish Friends 203 

drab and gray." The clothing of the planters 
was generally simple and substantial, coarse cloth 
and deerskin being used for that of the men, and 
linsey and worsted for that of the women. The 
costume of a man consisted of leather breeches, 
loner collarless coat reachinof to the knees, waist- 
coat, neck cloth, woolen yarn stockings, low buckle 
shoes, and a flat felt or beaver hat. Often in 
summer, breeches made of a coarse linen called 
osenbrig were worn. Robert Parke, in his letter 
of 1725, writes : 

In Summer time they wear nothing but a Shirt & Linnen Trousers, 
which are breeches and stockings all in one made of Linnen, they are fine 
Cool wear in Summer. 

Wigs were worn by many Friends Penn at- 
tended carefully to his wigs, and purchased several 
during his short stay here. In a letter from Lon- 
don in 1702, he writes to Logan : " Did not a fine 
new wig come to thy hands for me ? It cost me 
fifty shillings sterling."^ In 17 19, Jonathan 
Dickinson, a Friend, in writing to London for his 
clothes, says: "I want for myself and my three 
sons, each a wig, light good bobs." ^ The Friends 
to a larore extent had laid aside their "Wip^grs" 
some time before the middle of the century, but 
the fashion was kept up in general society until 
1755 ; then, with the return of Braddock's de- 

' Penn and Logan Correspondence, I., 114, Menioirs of the Hist. Sac. 
of Pa. 

^Bolles, 11., 320-1 

204 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

feated army, who had lost their wigs in flight, the 
custom was abandoned. 

Some of the wealthy Friends of Philadelphia 
had large and costly wardrobes for that time, as, 
for example, that of Robert Turner, one of the 
richest of the settlers, enumerated m his inven- 
tory,' made after his death, in 1 700 : 

upper Room above Stairs : 2 pairs of hair Plush Breeches lined w"* 
lether, /j. los j l Jacket & one Dublett Ditto /s. los ; I '^' of Old Black 
Lether Breeches £l ; 2 ^ of Leather Summer Breeches £l ; I ^r of 
Shagg Breeches los ; I Course Broad Cloth Coat new, £2. los ; I old 
Shagg Coat 153 ; I Old Grey Coat, los ; I Old Cloth Searge Coat Turned, 
15s; I Old Jackett, los ; 2 Wusted fTustian Jacketts £1.4^', l lining 
frock, 6s; I do. new, los; 2 white swan skin wast coats, £1.45; 2 I'air 
loosed Stockings ; 3 P' yarn ditto 8s ; 2 ^' of Stirrup Stockings & I ^' 
of Socks, 4s ; I leather Belt, 3s ; 2 Old Caster hatts, 8s ; I ^' of New 
Shoos cS: one l)° old, los ; I gray Jackett & and a Neck Hood, 6s ; I fus- 
tian Wastcoat, los ; 5 P' of Sturrup Stockings, lis. 8d ; 9 Shirts at los., 
£4. los ; 7 handkerchiefs, los. 4d ; 5 Neck Cloths & 8 Night Capps, 13s ; 
2 Very old Jacketts two Old Coats three pair of Breeches & three ^' old 
Stockings, los ; I light Coulered Broad Cloth Coat not new, £2. Ss ; 2 new 
Caster- hatts. 

In 1726, Philadelphia Yearly Meeting took a 
decided position on the subject of plainness of 
apparel, the women in particular being advised to 
greater simplicity in such matters as follows : 

"That immodest fashion of hooped petticoats, or the immitation of 
them, either by something put into their petticoats to make them set full 

' Ofice of Registtr of Wilts, Philadilphia. 

' The caster hat, at the end of the seventeenth and beginning of the 
eighteenth century was distinguished from the "beaver" and was said to 
be of rabbit's fur. In 168S, "Of Hats . . . the Caster is made of Coney 
Wooll mixt with Polony Wooll." — R. Holme m Armory, HI., 129 (cited 
in Murray's Oxford Dictionary). 

Social Life of tiie Irish Friends 205 

or wearing more than is necessar)', or any imitation whatsoever, which we 
take to be but a brancli springing from the same corrupt root of pride. 
And also that none of our friends accustom themselves to wear gowns with 
superfluous folds behind but plain and decent ; nor without aprons ;' nor to 
wear superfluous gathers or plaits in their caps or pinners ; nor to wear 
their heads dressed high behind ; neither to cut or lay their hair on their 
foreheads or temples. 

And that ffriends be careful to avoid striped shoes, or red or white 
heeled shoes or clogs ; or shoes trinmed with gaudy colors. 

Likewise that all ffriends be careful to avoid all superfluity of ffumiture 
in their houses, and as much as may be to refrain using gaudy flowers or 
striped calicoes and stufls. 

And .also that no ffriends use that irreverant practice of taking snuff, or 
hand snuft-boxes one to the other in meetings. 

Also that ffriends avoid the unnecessary use of fans in meetings, lest it 
divert the mind from more inward and spiritual e.xercise which all ought to 
be concerned in. 

And also that ffriends do not accustom themselves to go with breasts or 
bare necks. ^ 

Thehighdegree of interdependence and division workon 
of labor that characterizes ourmodern life was quite f^^P""^ 
unknown in these early days. At that time every 
farm house was a little factory and every farmer 
an adept in many branches of labor, and independ- 
ent to a considerable extent of the outside world. 
In summer the farmer and his sons were busily 
engaged in clearing and planting the land ; in 
winter, if the weather were too severe for outside 
work, they applied themselves to indoor labors, 
making shoes for the family, beating out imple- 
ments of iron or constructincr household furniture 
and utensils. 

' It was the custom of the women to wear green aprons. 
2Scharfe and Wescott, History of Philadelphi ■ , II., 86l 

2o6 Immigration of the IrisJi Quakers 

The wife and daughters were even more fully 
occupied than the men. They not only attended 
to a score or more of domestic duties — cookinof, 
washing, dairying, candle-making, soap-making, 
spinning, knitting, and weeding the garden — 
but also frequently assisted the men in the work 
of the field ; and in truth they might say with the 

old adage, Man works from sun to sun, 

But woman's work is never done. 

The women devoted much time to the home- 
spun industries, picking, carding, and spinning 
wool, and swingling, hatcheling and spinning llax ; 
and from their own homespun they manufactured 
the clothing of the family. The large stores of 
linen that were produced by this industr)' were 
folded away with lavender in wooden chests, and 
were a source of much pride to the colonial house- 
wife. Beautiful specimens of the linen made by 
the Irish Friends are still treasured as heirlooms in 
the families of descendants, and attest that the an- 
cient skill in the handicraft for which Ireland is 
famous was not forgotten in the foster land. 
Markets The produce of the farm was carried to Phila- 
delphia, Chester, and New Castle, on horseback, 
and sold or exchanged for articles to be found 
at shops, fairs, and markets. Parke writes, in 
1725: "There is 2 fairs yearly & 2 markets 
weekly in I'iiiladclphia also 2 fairs yearly in 
Chester & Likewise in New Castle, but they Sell 

and Fairs 

Social Life of the Irish Friends 207 

no Cattle nor horses no Living Creatures but al- 
together Merchants Goods, as hatts, Linen & 
woolen Cloth, handkerchiefs, knives, Scizars, tapes 
& treds, buckels, Ribonds & all Sorts of neces- 
sarys fit for our wooden Country." He humor- 
ously adds : " & here all young men and women 
that wants wives or husbands may be Supplyed. 
Lett this suffice for our fairs." 

The early settlers were much annoyed by cer- wna Animals 
tain of the wild animals that preyed on their flocks 
and herds. Fo.xes and wolves were the most 
persistently destructive, but black bears also fre- 
quently stole into the farm yard and carried off 
fine porkers. In 1721, a bear was killed near 
Darby, now Delaware County, and yet ten or 
fifteen years later, when Nathaniel Newlin (son of 
Nathaniel), of Concord, married Esther Midkiff, of 
Darby, her parents were inclined to make objec- 
tions because Newlin lived in the backwoods of 
Concord where bears abounded. Mrs. Deborah 
Logan relates that one night in 1740-41, one of 
these animals was seen at the old Loran home in 


Chester.^ The family of Alphonsus Kirk, the 
early Irish Quaker settler, of New Castle County, 
had a thrilling experience with a bear. A grand- 
daughter of Alphonsus Kirk, Rachael Price, a min- 
ister of Birmingham Meeting, Chester County, 
tells the story in her Recollections .-"^ 

' Ashmead, History of Delaware County, 212. 

2 The i^;7>«a' (Philadelphia) for 18S5, Vol. LVIII., 315. 

2o8 hmnigration of i/ic IrisJi Quakers 

A Bear Story My father, William Kirk (son of Alpbonsus and Abigail Kirk) was 

born 1st mo., 1708. He and his youngest brother Timothy, had many ad- 
ventures together when they were young ; they used frequently to meet 
and talk these over, which was very entertaining to us children. One oc- 
currence, however, which took place in their childhood, and which I heard 
my father relate, struck my infant mind with horror and dismay. It so 
happened that my grandmother was left at home with only these two little 
boys when a large bear came up near the door before she saw it. It was 
a double door, and she had only time to shut the lower part before he had 
his feet upon it, and she could not get the upper door shut quickly, as 
there was something hanging on it that prevented the door from closing. 
She pushed it against his paws with all her strength and called to the little 
boys to bring her the a.\e which was in the house, but they could not find 
it; then she told them to bring her the rolling pin, with which she beat 
his feet until he withdrew them, when she could get the door fastened. 
He then attempted to climb on a shed which was over the door, and which 
extended to a window in the second story. She seeing his determination 
told her little sons to go to the cellar and get into a chest that was there, 
but not to shut down the lid so tightly they could not breathe, while she 
went up stairs to keep him out, if possible. The shed was built of round 
saplings, which were covered with brush (wood) and a light snow. .Some 
of these rolled under the clumsy creature and let him fall through. They 
had killed a beef that day, the smell of which had probably attracted him ; 
she threw some parts of it to him which he devoured with great eagerness, 
appearing to be very hungry, and then went off. 

The next morning several men went in search of him ; his foot being 
wounded the blood upon the snow enabled them to track him, so that they 
soon came up to him. Grandfather's .stout dogs attacked him with violence, 
but the bear seeming likely to gain the victory, he went to their assistance 
with his axe. In the meantime the eldest son and the rest of the company 
came up, and seeing the scuffle but not that his father was there, [the son] 
incautiously raised his gun in order to fire, but his companions called to 
him in time to prevent it. They soon succeeded in killing the bear. 

Social Colonial farm life was not all a monotonous 

Intercourse rQi,ncl of labor and care ; time was also found for 

social enjoyment. The Irish Friends, as well as 

other members of the Society, were eminently a 

sociable people, and despite the hard travelling. 

Social Life of the /risk friends 209 

visited each other continually. All the events of 
community — harvests, huskings, raisings, vendues, 
meetings, weddings, funerals — brought the widely 
scattered neiijhbors together in social mincrlino^. 
On such occasions a spirit of sincere and hearty 
good-will and neighborliness generally prevailed, 
and in time of distress and need there was never 
lack of help and sympathy. 

A great event among the Friends was a wed- it^eddings 
ding. The first and important preliminary to the 
marriage was " to pass meeting," or obtain the 
consent of the monthly meeting. To this end the 
contracting parties appeared in two monthly meet- 
ings and declared their intentions. Then, after 
a searching inquiry by a committee, if the couple 
were found to be " clear of all entangflements," 
they were lett at liberty to accomplish their marri- 
age, according to "y' good order," of Friends. As 
an example of a "passing" of the Irish Friends the 
following extracts from the minutes of New Garden 
Monthly Meeting, Chester County, are given : 

Att our Monthly Meeting of New garden held att New garden the 
gth gf ye gih jjjQ . iyi8 . . . Thomas Jackson of New garden Alice 
[alias] Marlborough, & Mary Willy of New garden. Appeared Att this 
Meeting & Signified Their Intentions of Taking Each Other In Marriage 
it Eeeing y"^ first time, Therefore this Meeting Appoints John Smith & Rob- 
ert Johnson To Make Enquiry concerning his Conversation & Clearness on 
y' Account of Marriage, & to give an Account To y' Next Monthly Meeting, 

On the same date the Women's meeting ap- 

2 10 Immigration of the Iri^h Quakers 

Margaret Johnson & Sarah Worsley to Make Inquiry into her [Mary 
Wily's] Clearness of Marriage with any other and of her Conversation. 

One month later the couple again declared their 

Att our Monthly Meeting held att New garden y* 13"' of y° 10 — 
1718 Thomas Jackson & Mary Willy Appeared att this. Meeting & Signified 
y' they Continue their Intentions of Taking Each other In Marriage It 
beeing y* Second time, & y"' friends Appointed To Make Enquiry Concern- 
ing his Conversation & Clearness, have (-iiven an Account that they find 
Nothing but y' he is Clear from All others [The Women's Meeting at the 
same time " finde nothing to hinder her Intentions of Marriage"], Therefore 
this Meeting Leaves them to their Liberty to Accomplish their Said Marriage 
According to y' good order Used Amongst friends, Robert Johnson & James 
Lindley is Appointed [The Women's Meeting appointed Margaret Johnson 
and Sarah Worsley] to See y'' orderly Accomplishment Thereof, & give an 
Account To y" Next Monthly Meeting. 

The form of the marriage ceremony is illus- 
trated by the following certificate^ : 

^J•|^f imbcreat ' ITiomas Jackson of y" Township of Marlborough In y' 

Marriage County of Chester & province of Pensilvania & Mary Willy In y'' Town- 
Cerlificale ship of New garden & County & province Aflbresaid Maveing Declared 
Their Intentions of Takeing Each other In Marriage before Several! 
Monthly Meetings of y° "(people Called Quakers In y" County of Chester 
According to y' good order Used Among Them whose proceedings 
Therein After a Dileberate Consideration Thereof & Consent of Parents 
& Relations Concerned They appearing Clear of all others were approved 
of by the Said Meetings. 

ftow UbiB 3b tlo Ccrfiflc whom It May Concern That for y' full Ac- 
complishing of Their S'| Intentions this Twenty fifth day of y* 10 ^ caled 
December In y' Year of our Lord one Thousand Seven hundred & 
Eighteen They y' 8*1 Thomas Jackson & Mary Wily apeared In a Publick & 

' Certificate recorded page l, Vol. I of New Garden Marriage Book. 

•At New Garden Monthly Meeting, 9 Mo. 7, 172.^, " lienjanin ffred is 
appointed by this Meeting to write y' Marriage Certificates for friends be- 
longing to New Garden preparative meeting and James Wright for Noling- 

Social Life of tlie Irish Friends 

21 I 

Solemn Assembly of y' anbres'l People & otliers Melt Together Att y" I'ub- 
lick Meeting house att New garden Afforesaid & In a Solera Manner he y" 
S^ Thomas Jackson Taking her y' S'> Mary Wily by y" hand did openly 
Declare as foUoweth friends In y" fear of y" Lord & before This Assembly 
I Take this my friend Mary Wily To be my wife ^f*romising w' y" Lords 
Assistance To be Unto her a Loving & faithfull husband Until death 
Separate Us & Ihcn & There y" Abovesaid Mary Wily Did declare 
friends In y= fear of y" Lord & in y"' presence of this Assembly I Take 
Thomas Jackson to be my Husband Promising w' y" Lords Assistance To 
be unto him A Loving & faithful wife Untill death Separate us or words to 
This Efiect & for a further Confirmation thereof They y' S'J Thomas Jack- 
son & Mary Wily She according To y" Custom of Mairiage Assuming y" 
Name of her Husband did Then and There Sett their hands & we whose 
Names are hereunto Written beeing Present Among others at y' Solemniza- 
tion of their Sd Marige & Subscription In manner afforesaid as witnesses 
hereunto have Also to These presents Subscribed our names y" day & year 
Above written : 

Thomas Lightfoot Thomas Jackson 

Sarah Lightfoot Mary Jackson 

Martha Willy John Willy 

Abigail Willy Joseph Willy 

Rnth Martin Arthur Jones 

Mary Button Benja" Fredd 

Margarett Johnson Samuel Jackson 

Rebecka Starr Joseph Hutton 

Deborah Starr Samul-. Lightfoot 

Mary Head Jacob Lightfoot 

Rachel Fredd Nehemiah Hutton 

Alice Wickersham Benjam° Fredd 

Ann Jackson John Fredd 

Deborah Holyday Jeremiah Stan- 

Sarah Worsley Thomas Jackson 

Mary Miller 
Deborah Chambers 
Martha Miller 
Sarah Miller 
Mary Power 
Margaret Miller 

At the next Monthly Meeting the committee 
reported on the marriage as follows: 

Thomas Wickersham 
Caleb Pusey 
Francis Swayne 
Benjamin Holme 
Abram Marshall 
Simon Hadly 
John Chambers 
William Holiday 
Gayen Miller 
John Smith 
Robert Johnson 
James Lindley 
Ellinor Lindley 
Tho : Jackson 
James Johnson 
James Stan- 
Michael Lightfoot 

2 1 2 Immigration of tlie Irish Quakers 

Att our Monthly Meeting of New garden held atl Notingham the lo"" 
of y« II 'J^^: 1718-19 

The friends y' were Appointed To See y* orderly Accomplishment of 
Thomas Jackson & Mary Willeys Marriage, Make report That it was Ac 
complished orderly. 

It often happened that marriages were not cele- 
brated with that high degree of good order which 
the committee thought necessary at such func- 
tions. There seems to have been a constant ten- 
dency, especially after the fourth decade of the 
century, to bring some of the ways of the "world's 
people" into the marriage ceremony. In 1761, at 
Warrington Monthly, a marriage was reported 
orderly, except for the couple^ " having a man & 
maid to wait on them, which practice this meeting 
doth not approve." In 1773, at the said Monthly 
Meeting, a groom- was complained of for having 
"assistance in taking of his Gloves." In 1775, 
the nuptials of Richard Atherton and Phebe Hob- 
son seem to have passed off to the satisfaction of 
the men Friends of the meeting, but the women 
members were scandalized at the presence of 
"assistants to pull off the glove "and hat." In 
1785, Friends had a concern as to the "practice 
of keeping on the Hat at the time of Solemnizing 

Many young Friends, impatient of the slow and 
troublesome process of passing meeting, would 

' Richard Carson and Mary Passmore. 

2 Nehemiah Hutton who married Rachel Varnall. 

' Minulei of Warrington Monthly Meeting. 

Social Life of the Irish Friends 2 1 3 

hasten off to "ye priest" or to a magistrate, and be 
married without any delay or formality. Ancient 
church registers, notably those of the Old Swedes' 
Churches of Philadelphia and Wilmington, record 
the marriages of many young runaway Quaker 
couples. The monthly meeting minutes abound 
in the record of such infractions of discipline, and 
the elders of the meeting were ever busy laboring 
and dealing with the delinquents. If the offend- 
ers would not confess their faults they were " dis- 
owned " or expelled from the Society. At New 
Garden Monthly Meeting, in 1730, a complaint 
was made that " Mary Moore ^ is gone out from 
friends & is Marryed by a Justice of y° peace 
Contraiy to freinds advice to her." For this she 
was disowned. 

At the same meeting in 1 736, " John Mickle is 
married out by y" priest," and was disowned. 
Again, in 1737, "Sadsbury preparative Meeting 
informs y' John Musgrove Jun' is married out of y" 
Unity of friends (by y^ priest.) ' " He was then ex- 
pelled. At Warrington Monthly Meeting, in 1767, 
Sarah Delap made a written acknowledgment " for 
keeping company with a young man not of our So- 
ciety and attempting marriage with him by a priest 
to the great grief of my tender parents." She was 
then re-instated. Even those members who were 
present on the occasion of a marriage by " ye 

1 Married Thomas McCollum. 

2 1 4 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

priest " were dealt with for misconduct. Such 
complaints as this are frequent in the minutes : 
New Garden Monthly Meeting, 12 Mo. 22, 1734-5, 
is informed " y' Thos. Jackson Jun"' went a Long 
with Stephen Hayes when he went & gott mar- 
ried by y' priest." 

Warrington Monthly Meeting, in 1779, had 
a difficult love affair to settle. John Uclap made 
objections to the marriage proposals of Joseph 
Garretson and Rebecca McMillan, declaring that 
he had a prior claim to her "which he is not will- 
ing to give up, and it appears that she kept com- 
pany with him a considerable time after she al- 
tered her mind." The meedng finally decided 
against poor John, and the marriage was duly con- 
summated without any further interruption from 

The bride would ride to meeting behind her 
father or next friend seated on a pillion, but 
after the ceremony the pillion was transferred to 
the husband's horse, behind his saddle, and witli 
him she rode home.^ After the wedding the com- 
pany were invited to return to the home of the 
bride's father, where a bountiful repast was served. 
Great preparations were made for the wedding 
dinner, and Friends had frequently to be cau- 

' Reminiscences of William Worrall, a centenarian, by John F. Watson, 
Mtmoirs of the I/islorical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 1827, 
Vol. II. 

Social Life of Ihe Irish Friends 2 1 5 

tioned against lavish entertainment on such occa- 
sions. At Warrington, in 1767, a marriage was 
reported orderly, "Except some unnecessary pro- 
vision." ' 

Courtship among Friends was a solemn affair, Courtship 
and must be pursued in a most decorous and cir- 
cumspect manner. Before declaring his affec- 
tions, the young man must first have the consent 
of the young woman's parents. This permission 
granted, he came "a courting," but he must strive 
by his grave and staid demeanor and "solid con- 
versation" to make an impression on the object of 
his regards. If however, he did not first obtain 
the paternal sanction, he was dealt with by the 
meeting. In 1726, George Robinson ^ had to sign 
the following paper before he was allowed to 
proceed with his marriage : 

Whereas I have Made My Mind Known to Mary M'Koy Upon y' 
Account of Marriage before I had her parents Consent Contrary to y" order 
of friends for which I am Sory as witnes my hand 

George Robinson 

' In 1725, Thomas Chalkley " was at a Marriage at Horsham (at which 
was present William Keith, our Governor) and I was concerned to speak 
. . . After this Meeting I return'd Home without going to the Marriage 
Dinner, as I generally avoided such Entertainments as much as I could, 
having no Life, or liking to them, being sensible that great Companies and 
Preparations at Weddings, were growing Inconveniences among us." — 
p. la,"] , Jotirnal, London, lyS'- 

'George Robinson, of Cecil Co., Md., son of George and Catharine 
(Hollingsworth) Robinson, " of Newark In y' County of New Castle upon 
Delaware" was married 2 Mo., 14, 1726, at Nottingham to Mary, daugh- 
ter of Robert Mi^Koy, of Cecil Co., Md. — New Garden Marriage Book, 33. 

2 1 6 Immigralion of the Irish Quakers 

Again, in 1732, when Robert Johnson, son of 
Robert Johnson, of New Garden, and Katharine 
Hadley, daughter of Simon Hadley, of New Castle 
County, declared theirintentionsof marriage for the 
first time, they were not permitted to proceed until 
Robert produced the following acknowledgment : 

Whereas I have Endeavored to dravir out ye affections of my friend 
Katherine Hadley before I had ye Consent of her parents, which s'' 
Action of mine being Contrary to ye Rules of friends & I knowing in my 
Self it not to be Right Wherefore I do Condemn all Such practices & do 
take ye blame on my Selfe & desire y' i"riends may pass it by & hopes I 
Shall be more Carefull for time to come of giving any just offence to 
friends as Witness my hand this 26 day of y<' sixth mo"" 1732 

Robert Johnson 

Funerals A funeral was always an occasion for a great 
gathering of Friends. Thomas Chalkley notes 
that in 1725 as many as a thousand persons were 
present at a funeral.' The body was placed in a 
plain coffin and borne to the meeting-house, where 
after a short meeting in memory of the deceased, 
interment was made in the adjoining graveyard. 
The company then repaired to the house for din- 
ner, which was almost as elaborate a repast as 
that served at weddings. Friends were warned 
to " keep out of superfluity at maredges and 
bueriels." The funeral expenses of fames Lind- 
ley, of London Grove, as shown by the accounts 
filed by his executors, were ^4. los., and " y« 
Coffin," £1. 8s. The funeral charges of Thomas 

^Journal, 153. 

Social Life of the Irish Frie?ids 2 i 7 

Jackson, in i 728, were ^'3. In the estate accounts 
of John Lowden, of New Garden, is the item : 
" for y^ funerall of William Johnson," ^5. In the 
accounts of Ann Marshall, deceased, of New 
Garden, "late of Ireland," are recorded these 
charges: "A Coffin ^i ; Sider at y= funerall 
los ; ye Grave Diging, 3s. 6d." 

A few items gleaned from executors' accounts Physicians' 
show what physicians' fees were in this early period. *''''^" 
George Harlan's estate " paid Isaac 'Taylor for 
Physic as ^ his receipt Dated y^ 25 ; i "° 1715 
^8. 18. o." Ann Marshall was ill thirteen weeks 
but her estate had to pay " to ye Doctors " only 2s. 
In Thomas Jackson's account were items: "to 
Doctter Curry, ^3"; "to Doctter Dellwood, 
£2. 4. 7 " ; to Doctter Taylor, 7s." 

The meeting was one of the strongest forces in Meetings fot 
the social life of the Friends. Twice a week, on 
"First-day " and usually on "Fifth-day," it brought 
together the members from their scattered hold- 
ings for worship, and at the close afforded oppor- 
tunity for a short season of quiet and genial con- 
verse. Of the two meetings for worship, that of 
the Sabbath had the better attendance. On 

Fair First-day mornings steeped in Summer calm 
Warm, tender, restful, sweet with woodland balm, 

family parties, either walking or riding,^ might be 

1 Some young Friends in going to meeting evidently did not always 
carry themselves with that degree of " gravity and moderation " that was 

2 1 8 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

seen wending their way to the plain little meeting- 
house, embowered amid the trees. Reining up 
by the horse-block at the door the riders dis- 
mounted, and before entering the edifice would 
linger, perchance, for a few words of friendly 
greeting with the neighbors. There was no 

peal of bells to call them to the house of praise, 

but at the appointed time the company took their 
places on the hard, unpainted benches, the men 
on the one side and the women on the other side 
of the house. After a few moments of silent and 
reverent worship, seeking 

The Soul's communion with the Eternal Mind, — 

from the raised seats of the gallery, where sat the 
ministers and elders facing the body of the meet- 
ing a minister would arise to deliver his spiritual 
message. Frequently the speaker was a travel- 
ling Friend, from England or Ireland or other dis- 
tant parts. Perhaps it was Thomas Chalkley, 

Gentlest of skippers, rare sea saint,' , 

or Thomas Lightfoot, who 

expected of them by their elders, but took advantage of the ride to show ofi 
the paces of their fine young horses. As early as 1681, Friends of Dublin 
Half Year Meeting had a concern as to this departure from " y' path of 
truth" and sent an epistle, signed by William Edmundson, Abraham Ful- 
ler, and Amos Strettell, to Friends on the Delaware, urging that "all 
young Men and others in Riding to or from Meetings or other occasions 
refrain from Galloping and Riding after an aiery flurting manner." — Amelia 
Mott Gummere, Friends in Burlington, Pcnna. Mag., VII., 354. 
' Whittier in Snow- Bound. 

Social Life of the Irish Friends 2 1 9 

Did like Noah's dove. 

Sweetly declare God's universal love,' 

or John Fothervill, "an antient man tall and Well 
Shap'd Very Zealous against Sin and Iniquity " - ; 
or perchance it was quaint and eccentric old John 
Salkcld, of Chester, of whom a contemporary 
writes, in 1739 : 

Salkeld from silent sitting slow would rise 
And seemed as with himself he did advise. 
His first words would be soft, but might be heard ; 
He looked resolved, yet spoke as if he feared 

Proposed his theme, and sometimes would repeat, 
Lest some should not observe, or should forget : 

Thus louder then he strained his cheerful voice, 
The sounds grow tuneful and their hearts rejoice.* 

It not infrequently happened that some good 
Friends, wearied with the arduous duties of the 
week, would drop off into restful slumber. But 
woe betide these offenders of good order and the 
testimony of truth, if John Salkeld chanced to be 
present at the meeting ! Their dreams were then 
of short duration. On one occasion, it is related, 
when he noted several members overcome with 
drowsiness, he suddenly sprang to his feet, ex- 
claiming, "Fire! Fire!" Everyone was awake 

' Samuel Keimer, of Philadelphia, writing in 1723. — Scharfe and 
Wescoll, II , 867. 

^ MS. Diary (ijj6-iys^) of John Smith, of Burlington, N. J. 

'Lines attributed to Joseph liricntnall, a Friend, of Philadelphia. — 
The Salkeld J'amily, 


2 20 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

immediately and one of the excited sleepers cried 
out, "Where? Where?" "In Hell!" responded 
|ohn, "to burn up the drowsy and uncon- 
cerned." ' 

The close of meeting was announced by the 
shaking of hands by two gallery Friends, the 
signal passing down seat by seat through the 
house. After a friendly and genial chat the 
Friends dispersed, many of them taking guests 
home to dinner. 

The business meetings of the Society, from the 
point of view of social opportunity, were of greater 
moment even than the meetings for worship. The 
latter were usually only local in extent, but the 
former, especially the quarterly and yearly meet- 
ings, brought together large numbers of Friends 
from many distant points and thus enlarged and 
broadened the range of social intercourse. The 
business meeting was usually preceded by a meet- 
ing for worship, at the close of which wooden 
shutters were drawn down from the ceiling, leav- 
ing the women to conduct their branch of the 
meeting separate from that of the men. 
Quarterly The Quarterly Meeting, which continued often 
"'"'^ for several days, and in early times "circulated" 
to various fixed places in a district, occupied a 
conspicuous place in the life of the I'riends. The 

' The Satkeld Family, a rare little pamphlet of 8 pp. , printed in Dela- 
ware County, in 1867. 

Social Life of the Irish Friends 2 2 i 

season was looked forward to with pleasant an- 
ticipation by young and old as a time not only for 
religious worship but for social pleasure. Great 
preparations in the way of cooking and baking 
were made for Quarterly Meeting guests. Whole 
families would often come from great distances to 
"Quarterly" and visit around in the neighbor- 
hood during the progress of the meeting. 

Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, the central au- V'-ariy 
thority, to which all the other meetings of Pennsyl- ' " '"^ 
vania, Delaware, and parts of New Jersey and 
Maryland were subordinate, was the most impor- 
tant of the meetings and had the largest attend- 
ance. The meeting lasted for upwards of a week 
each year, oscillating for a time between Philadel- 
phia and Burlington, but finally settling down to 
regular sessions in Philadelphia. Country Friends 
took advantage of Yearly Meeting week to bring 
to town farm products, to exchange for articles to 
be found in the shops and markets. The visitors 
were always received and entertained with gener- 
ous hospitality by the city members. 

The Monthly Meeting, local in its character, was jironihiy 
the real working body of the Society, in matters ^'''"'^'"^ 
relatincr to the individual members. It " under- 
took to see that justice was done between man 
and man, that disputes were settled, that the poor 
were supported, that delinquents, whether as to 
the Society's own rules or those of the State, were 

2 2 2 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

reformed, or if reformation seemed impossible, 
were ' disowned ' by the Society, that appHcants 
for membership were tested and finally, if satisfac- 
tory, received, that all the children were educated, 
that certificates of sfood standing were orranted to 
members changing their abodes, that marriages 
and burials were simply and properly performed, 
and that records were fully and accurately kept. 
Under these were the Preparative Meetings."' 
Meeting The Friends in general maintained a high 

^"^ ° standard of conduct and morality, but among the 
young members, especially in the later genera- 
tions, there was a falling off in this respect and a 
tendency to drift into the ways of the world's 
people. The monthly meeting was constantly 
engaged in laboring with offenders. 

Some additional e.xtracts from the meeting 
records throw light on disciplinary action and af- 
ford further interesting glimpses of the manner of 
life among the Irish PViends. 
Card-piayini; The Friends had a strong testimony against 
"oan in ^"^'^ ' kicked practices " as card-playing and 

dancing, their sentiments being expressed by 
Thomas Chalkley, who denounces cards as "en- 
gines of Satan " and declares " that as many Paces 
as the Person takes in the Dance, so many Paces 
or Steps they take towards Hell."'' But in spite 

^ A Quaker Experiment in Government (21-22), by Isaac Sliarplcss, 
President of Haverford College. 
* Journal^ 225, 

Social Life of the Irish Friends 223 

of all such protests many young members were 
found playing cards and engaging in such "vain 
and vicecious Proseedings as Frollicking Fiddling 
and Dancingr." 

At New Garden Monthly Meeting, 4mo. 1 2, 

" New Garden Preparative Meeting has Acquainted this Meeting y' 
Neheniiah Hutton has been found In Company keeping & playing Cards 
which lias brought reproach upon truth & friends, & this Meeting has put 
him upon to Draw iip Something for y* Clearing of truth Against y® Next 
Monthly Meeting which he Acknowledges and is willing to do 

" Joseph Hadley being Also in Company w' Nehemiah Hutton and had 
y' Cards In his hand which he is Sory for y' he did not leave y* Company. 
It is y* Mind of this Meeting y' he condemn the Same So far as he is 

6 Mo., 6, 1725. " Nehemiah Hutton has given in a paper Condemn- 
ing himself for his playing at Cards which paper this meeting receives & 
orders him to read y' S'? Paper in y' place where he was playing & in y* 
Presents of Benjamin ffred & Willf Halliday & that they give an Account 
to y" next Monthly Meeting & that he is desired to forbear coming to meet- 
ings of business until friends be better Satisfied with him as to his conver- 
sation and .Sincerity to truth." Joseph Hadley was dealt with in the same 

At Warrington Monthly Meeting, in 1769, 
Timothy Kirk acknowledged his error in dancing, 
and in 1777, Elizabeth Blackburn expressed her 
sorrow for "having Endeavored to dance." 

The Friends, in common with other people of 
the early part of the period under our study, seem 
to have indulged freely in strong drink. The Tem- Drinking. 
perance movement, which was initiated by Friends, 
was of later origin. So long as members kept 
sober no complaint was made, but when they got 

2 24 /mini oration of the Irish Quakers 

so deep in their cups as to become foolish and be- 
ligerent they were promptly taken in hand by the 
meeting. It was thought that no crop could be gar- 
nered, no building raised, in fact no difficult work 
accomplished, without the use of stimulants. On all 
social occasions liquor was freely passed around. 

In 1725, Chester Quarterly Meeting, which in- 
cluded nearly all the meetings of what is now New 
Castle County in Delaware, and the counties of 
Delaware and Chester in Pennsylvania, made 
some attempt to correct abuses that had sprung 
up. " It was desired [that] y" friends take care at 
Burralls not to make great provision as to provide 
strong Liquors and hand it about ; but lett Every 
one take y' is free to take it as they have ocation 
and not more than will doe them Good." 

The next year the Yearly Meeting took up the 
subject and adopted strong resolutions against 
the practice of giving liquor at public vendues, as 
it excited bidders and created an incautious rivalry. 
Thee,xpenditurefor rum was frequently the largest 
item in vendue accounts. At the vendue of Ann 
Marshall, of New Garden, as shown in her ac- 
counts of 1729, there was paid "To John Read 
for Rum at y' Vendue 13s. 4d.," while "ye 
Gierke " received only 4s. and "William Rowan 
Cryer at y* Vendue" only 10 s. 

In 1733, a writer in the Pennsylvania Gazette 
complains that 

Social Life of the Iri^h Friends 225 

" It is now become the practice of some other- 
wise discreet women, instead of a draught of beer 
and toast, or a chunk of bread and cheese or a 
wooden noggin of good porrige and bread, as our 
good old English custom is, or milk and bread 
boiled, or tea and bread and butter or milk or 
milk coffee &c that they must have their two or 
three drams in the morning." 

Here are some cases of intemperance of Irish 
Friends brought before New Garden Monthly 
Meeting : 

10 Mo 12, 1724. — " Whereas Joseph & Nehemiah H being both 

overtaken in Drink in y' County of New Castle & have condemned y" 
Same Under their hands which papers were read heere to y" Satisfaction of 
this Meeting & Appoints Benjamin fired to read y" Same in y' Next first 
dayes Meeting." 

10 Mo 12, 1724. — " Thomas Jackson of Thomas Town in Marlborough 
has appeared at this meeting as desired & has Signified y* it was not y® 
greatness of y* quantity of drink but beeing unwell for Some time before 
which he thinks was y" cause of this Sickness but for y' Clearing of truth 
he is willing to give in a paper, therefore he is desired to bring it y'' next 
Monthly Meeting." 

2. Mo. 10. 1726. — " Dear friends whereas it Accidentally hapened y' 
1 was overtaken In Licquor and I do believe y' my being before unwell & 
weak of body was Some occasion of it & I am Sory for it as witness my 
hand. THOMAS Jackson." 

4 Mo. 24, 1732. — London Grove Preparative Meeting reports "y' 

Joseph P was over taken with Strong Drink at Darby & and he 

being feavored with a deep Sence thereof have given this Meeting a paper " 
of acknowledgment. 

11 Mo. 25, 1734. — New Garden Preparative Meeting reports "y' 

James M Sen' was overcome with Strong Licqor & did Strik & 

abuse his wife." He was disowned, 12 Mo. 22, 1734-5. 

8 Mo. 30, 1736. — Mary B ly has "been Adicted to Drunkenness 

for some years past & has been visited and Admonished against it Divers 
times yett Does not Desist from it." Disowned 9 Mo. 27, 1736. 


2 26 hnniigration of the Irish Quakers 

In harvest time neighborinij families assisted each 
other, the women often workins^ in the fields with 
the men. Says Parke : " The [y] also make great 
Preparations against harvest both Roast & boyled, 
Cakes & Tarts & Rum stand at the Lands End, 
so that they may eat and drink at Pleasure." Fre- 
quently refreshments of cider and rum were too 
much for Friends, and exciting scenes attended 
the harvest. We have an instance of this in 
Warrington Monthly Meeting records of 1748. 
A PViend made the following acknowledgment : 

I was overtaken with the effects of spirituous liquor in the harvest 
field, reaping for John Rankin in Red Land Valley [near Lewisberry, 
York County] last harvest. It was a hot day, I drank more than I should 
have to drive out the sweat to make me in better capacity to follow my 
work, but it produced the contrary effect, so that I was for a time light in 
the head and I talked foolish. 

At New Garden Monthly Meeting, 5 Mo. 29, 
1729, London Grove Preparative Meeting made 
report : 

yt Will'" Lowdon was a fighting with Michacll Harlan Jun ye Last 
Harvest for w^ he is Sorry & has Given a paper Condemning ye Same 
which this meeting Takes as Sattisfaction. 

In 1754, Warrington Monthly Meeting ex- 
pelled Robert W , on complaint of John 

Farmer who said that R. W. came " to his house 
full of drink and did abuse him and his family, and 
when he provoked some of them to strike him he 
took warrants for the whole family, considerably 
to their damage." 

Social Life of tJie Irish Friends 227 

Again, in 1758, John W , of Menallen Disorderly 

Meeting, made the following acknowledgment : 

" Whereas, some lime ago I went to the Burial of one of my Neighbours ; 
from the Grave yard I went a few miles where I heard there was a Gather- 
ing of men, Expecting to see some men I had business with, and notwith- 
standing I have made profession of the blessed truth for many years past, 
thro' unwatchfulness Committed that great Evil of taking more strong 
drink than I ought to have done, the Effect of which brought on another 
Evil, for Rideing home in Company with some of my Neighbours, a differ- 
ence fell out amongst us where I received, as 1 thought at that time, provo- 
cation Enough to do as I did, (but I am far from thinking so now, ) which 
was the putting of my hat and Jacket in order to have satisfaction," etc. 

In 1758, James McG , of Menallen, pro- 
duced an acceptable acknowledgment for being 
overtaken with strong drink ; " the adversary hav- 
ing got the advantage I took the undue liberty of 
singing Idle songs along with a company that was 
Engaged in that Exercise." His paper was read 
on "First-day" at Alenallen Meeting. 

Here are some further cases of disorder in which 
Irish Friends were concerned : 

At New Garden Monthly Meeting, 2 Mo. 26, 1729, Nottingham Pre- 
parative reports " that Roger Keirk son of Alphancius Keirk was a Rassel- 
ing for a weger which he seems to aveade." 4 Mo. 28th, it is reported 
" y' he said he hoped to be more Carefull but did not appear at this meet- 
ing nor is not willing to Condemn it any further." 7 ^^o- 27th, he appeared 
at the meeting but being of " Rather a Cavelling Contentious Spirit than 
otherwise this meeting thinks it of Necessity to disown him." 

u Mo. 31,1729, New Garden was informed that John C — n in Contro- 
versie with Thomas L — ly did through provecation Curse & Swear, and that 
y' s"* L — ly Did use Scurrilous vain & unbecoming Language to John C — n. ' ' 
An acknowledgment from these offenders was accepted, but the privilege 
to sit in business meetings was withdrawn. 2 Mo. 25, 1730, "John C — n 
& Thomas L — ly was a fighting." The former was then disowned, while 
the latter expressing his sorrow was retained in membership. 

2 28 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

Report was made to New Garden Monthly 
Meeting, ii Mo. 28, 1737-8, that certain Friends 
appointed to read a testimony against John St — r, 
of Sadsbury Meeting, for not complying with " y' 
Award of y" friends Chosen by him & his brother " 
in a dispute, 

shewed it to s'' John, and that he & and his father Joyned in running 
out against friends & said y* Testamony was a parsil of lies that they had 
made up amongst themselves and when a friend stood up & began to read 
it at y' breaking up of a first day meeting according to y" Direction of y" 

monthly meeting, Isaac St r [father of John] stood up & bid hira 

Leave of reading it for it is a parsil of lies & sleped to y* friend & Catched 
y° paper & tore it to pieces, whereby y" reading of it was stoped at that 

Isaac St — r was then dealt with "for his Con- 
tempt of y" Authority of y' meeting " and was re- 
quired to bring in a written acknowledgment of 
his fault. 

Care of One of the duties of the monthly meeting was 
to investigate cases of alleged mistreatment of 
indented servants. At New Garden, 12 Mo. 25, 
1726-7, Sadsbury Preparative Meeting 

made a Complaint against James Musgrave Son of Jn° Musgrave of Sads- 
bury for Strikeing a .Servant man of Caleb Perces [Peirce's] the which he 
Seems to Justifie therefore this meeting appoints Saml' Miller & Caleb 
Perse to Endeavour to bring him to a Sence of his Evill Action. 


Caseoj One of the most interesting cases concerning 
Lowden indented servants that Friends were called upon 

versus _ ' 

Smith to settle was that of I^owdcn versus Smith, brought 
before New Garden Monthly Meeting. It seems 
that William Lowden, probably after the death of 

Social Life of the Irish Friends 229 

his father, John Lowden, in 17 14, was bound as a 
servant, until the age of twenty-one, to John 
Smith, of Marlborough, son-in-law of Caleb Pusey. 
As young Lowden approached his majority a dif- 
ference arose between him and his master as to 
the date of expiration of the term of service. 
Evidently there were not exact data at hand to de- 
termine the point. Thereupon, 3 Mo. 9, 1724, 
the matter was brought up for the Monthly Meet- 
ing to decide. 

At this meeting, as a first step in the proceed- 
ings, a committee was appointed "to write to y° 
Monthly Meetings of y*" Grange In y'' County of 
Antrim «& to New Garden In y" County of Carlow 
both In Ireland for y" Ages of y' Children of John 

At the next Monthly Meeting, held 5 Mo. nth. 

Friends being Informed Alt our Last Monthly Meeting of A Differ- 
ence between John Smith and William Lowden about y' Age of William 
Lowden he being bound to John Smith Until! he come of Age & y' Last 
Meeting .Appointed Thomas Jackson James Lindley Benjamin ffredd Si- 
mon Hadly Joseph Sharp & Michael) Lightfoot to See they could help them 
to Accommodate it, 

And Now these friends gives this Meeting An Account that they Mett 
with them & they could not fully End it, but John & William Mutually 
have Chosen four friends whom they have left it to fully to determine. 

The young man, becoming impatient of the 
delay of tne arbitrators, probably left his master 
before the proper time, for on 9 Mo. 7, 1724, just 
three days before what later proved to be his 
twenty-first birthday, 

230 Iimnigration of the Irish Quakers 

A Concern coming Upon this Meeticg concerning Wm : Lowdens dis- 
order In not Leaving his Difference he had w' his Master to y' Arbitrators 
as he had agreed to do, Therefore we now desire y' Visiters to speak to 
him to bring him to a Sence thereof that he may condemn y" Same & y' 
they give an account to y" Next Monthly Meeting. 

No further mention of the matter is to bef ound 
in the minutes until 7 Mo. 11, 1725, when the de- 
sired evidence from Irish ret^nsters — showing the 
vakie of such records — had arrived : 

" This Meeting has received an account from y" 
Mens Meeting In Ireland held at James Moores 
Sen' In y' County of Antrim Concerning y' Age of 
Wm. Lowden which account is Satisfaction to John 
Smith & William Lowden & to this Meeting Also, 

A Coppy whereof here followeth, 

Uo fri^:n^6 of y' Monthly Meeting held at New Garden In Chester 
County in y' Province of pensilvania In America, 

S>carls beloved friends & brethren In y fellowship of y" gospell & unity 
of y'^ Church in our Lord jesus Christ do we brotherly Salute you w' fervent 
desires for your growth prosperity and Establishment in y' blessed truth, 
wherein we give you an Acco^ y' we read y° Letter from Eli Crokett dated 
y" 6 : y 12"' day 1724 Directed to James More SenT & Jun^ giving an 
Account of Strife y' hath hapened In relation to y' age of Lowden 
desireing a Certificate Signed by our Mens Meeting In determination 
thereof, Therefore pursuant to y Said Advice we y' After named Sub- 
scribers do hereby Certifie you y' y' register book of y" Grange Meeting was 
brought to our Mens Meeting & Every Individual! & particular person 
Subscribing to this Certificate did there read & find y" following Account 
upon record (viz. ) William I.owdon Son of John I.owdon was born y 10'* 
of y* 9 : 1703 & we do further Certifie y^ we believe y" Same to be true 
Signed In behalf of our Mens Meeting held at James Moores Sen' this 
2l«of y <)l^: 1724 

John ""'Ranclls I!enj° Boyd James Dean 

Thomas Krwin Allex^ Dean William Moore 

James Moore Jim' James Moore James Istariot 

Samucll Willkison Lewis Refnrd ffrancis Willkinson 

William Willkinson Wm Robinson 

Social Life of the Irish Friends 231 

I Mo. 12, 1725-6, "The Matter of Difference 
y' have been between John Smith & William 
Lowden is Knded to y' Satisfaction of friends The 
S^ William havinij oiven Satisfaction w'''' is as 

To y° Monthly Meeting of New Garden to be held att New Garden y" 
la"" of y' i" mo* 1725-6 Dear friends whereas Some time Ago, there was 
a Difference happened between my Master John Smith & My Self about 
what time I was to be free from his Servitude, & I hearkening to Much to 
y' Affirmations & presentations of others, though Contiary to y"' Credible 
Accounts y' came from friends, as taken out of y' register book for births 
belonging to y" Grange Meeting in Ireland y' placeof my birth did put my 
S'' Master & other friends to great Exercise & trouble as also y' I refused 
to Stand to y' friends Judgment y' was Appointed by y" Meeting to Deter- 
mine y' Difference for all which I do hereby Ackcowledge my Self to blame 
and desire this Meeting to Accept thereof promising by y' Lord's Assist- 
ance to be So careful! for y" time to come as no More to give friends any 
Occasion against me for I Desire to Live y"^ rest of my dayes in unity w' 


William Lowden. 

The records show that during the several wars Military 
in which the Province was involved, not a few •'^'^''*" 
Friends departed from their peace principles and 
enlisted as soldiers. In the period of the French 
and Indian war, we have an instance in the War- 
rington minutes. i Mo. 17, 1756, " Menallen 
Meeting informs this meeting that John Black- 
burn [an Irish Friend, sometime Judge of York 
County] and John Pope, at a report of Indians 
doincj mischief at a OTeat distance from them went 
out in a warlike manner to meet them Contrary to 
our Peaceable principles." For this breach of 
discipline the offenders finally expressed their 

232 Imniigratio7i of the Irish Quakers 

sorrow and were continued in membership. Widi 
the opening of the Revolution, however, Judge 
Blackburn was reported to the Monthly Meeting, 
2 Mo. 10, 1776, as having " inlisted as a soldier" 
and was subsequently disowned. Other members 
of the same family also joined the American ranks. 
6 Mo. 7, 1777, Joseph Blackburn "hath Knlisted 
to be a soldier." 7 Mo. 12, 1777, Thomas Black- 
burn, Jr., and Anthony Blackburn, jr., have "as- 
sociated or joined in the Military Exercises." 

As President Sharpless points out in his valu- 
able monograph,' the Society of Friends in the 
struggle for independence took a neutral position 
and stood firmly by their testimony against war. 
They were "friends of liberty, but opposed to 
war, desirous of maintaining their civil rights, but 
by other means than illegality and revolution, and 
unwilling to afford aid to the British ; divided in 
their sympathies, but largely united in the stand 
that they could take no part in the strife of the 
day. . . . When war and revolution became in- 
evitable . . . they issued a declaration of neu- 
trality.^ They were neither Tories nor revolu- 
tionists." In considering the question of Quaker 
sympathies in the conllict, the author con- 
tinues : " About four hundred, perhaps, actively 
espoused the American side by joining the army, 

' The Quakers in the Revolution. 
^ Ibid., Preface. 

Social Life of the Irish Frietids 233 

accepting positions under tlie revolutionary gov- 
ernment, or taking an affirmation of allegiance to 
it, and lost their birthright among Friends as a 
result. Perhaps a score in a similar way openly 
espoused the British cause, and also were disowned 
by their brethren. These members very likely rep- 
resented proportions of silent sympathizers." ^ 

The Revolutionar}' government of Pennsylvania Revointion- 
was resolved that if the Quakers and other non- '"'-^'^".'^" 

~ and I'lnes 

combatants would not fight they should at least 
pay the expenses of those who did. The Friends 
accordingly were ordered to pay heavy war taxes. 
This, however, they refused to do on the ground 
that they could not consistently contribute to the 
support of war, and those members who obeyed 
were dealt with by the meeting. Thereupon, the 
tax collectors seized the property of Friends to 
the value of the taxes and the fines imposed for 
non-compliance. An example of such exactions, 
covering the period 1 778-1 790, is recorded by 
George McMillan, an Irish Friend, of York 
County, in his manuscript account book, and it is 
of such interest that I venture to print it in full : 

On the 22'"' of i"' mo 1778 btwen one and two oclock in the after- George Mc- 
noon Came henry I^ewis James Perkeson and John Witherow to my hous Millan's 
and Lewis told me he had an Execution for me for substotuk money telling Fines 
he would teak my horses If I did not Pay him Producing an Execution 
bearing deal 22 of 1st mo 1778 for 100 doUers with Cost and Cost acruing 
for Substetut money aledged to be Laid out for me the while I refused to 
Pay he Saised on 2 of my horses and bore them of for Sail, which was 

' Sharpless, The Quakers in the Revolution, 204-5. 

2 34 Irmnigration of the Irish Quakers 

done 26 of Instant January and one sold the other Returned worth £T,a 
silver money 

the — day 6 month 1778 Came James I'argeson and John Moody to my 
hous and asked me for old or Provence tax of i -2-6. And then Sarched 
my drawers and took 3 Pound ten Shillings Without Giveng the Reazen 
how it came to be So much 

on the — day of the 3 month 1779 Came John moody and opened my 
Desk in my absence and took for a steat lax ^5 a muster fin jf3-I2s and 
an Inden Subtetut fine £,i, Demanded took the Lick Sum of Congress 
money and again on the — day of 1 1 month 1779 the Saim moody Came and 

Searched as Before and found 37 dolers and (?) of Congress and 

took it in my absence for a tax ^9 and some other demands (6d per doller 

on the 18 day of 4 mo 17S0 Came John may to my house [I being in 
the field at work] went into my Roome Serched my desk and took ;^95 
19s 9d of Congress money and then went to the Loft to seize on wheat, 
and on 27 of 5 mo he came ocompaned by d m°curdy S henderson and 2 
Persons more and took 12 li: of: wheat for a Demand of tax and 4 fold 
reat ■' id Per doller 

On the 28"' of 12 mo 1780 Came thomas Shanks Searched my Drawers 
and took 74 dollars Demanded for the 7 mo Volenteers (worth I Per doller 

on 24 of I mo 1 78 1 Came James Gray, opened my drawers and took 
76-8-3d of conantal Corancey and Lcved on a Stack of hay for a demand 
of 224 Pound for a 4 months tax and on the 26 of the 2°'' mo took and 
bore away a Stack of hay worth 6 ])ound 

on the 14 of 3'' mo Came william Potter with a Guard and in a rude 
manner Executed my bodey or tJoods Serched my hous took and bore 
away £,(1^ for a tax Demanded for the Place in manahan 4^;^^ ( I d per doler 

on thcl7'' of 3 mo Came John moodey Serched my Drawers took and 
bear away ;^8l-2s-6d and on the 9 of 5 mo following Came Acompaned 
by J. perkinson and Seized on wheat and on the 14 Instant came Said 
moodey a J p with a waggen and bear of 15 of wheat Said to be for 2 
taxes amounting to Czii^ ^^^ '^ be sold at 76^^ dollers Per bushel 

" On 20"* of 6 mo 1782 Came John may and opned my desk drawer 
found my Pocket book and took twenty dollers silver a guiney and half of 
gold and 40 S of stat corancey and on 29 of 7 mo following in Lick maner 
and took 7 dallcrs for a demand of 3 taxees and a draft tax of 39 shillings. 

On — day of 8 month 1782 Came John Cane and in a forcible and Law- 
less maner took 3 bushels of wheat demanded for a class tax for the Place 
in Managhan 

March 27-1783 Came a Son of tho Shank Serched my desk and took 
one Pound five Shillings and three Pence demanded for a muster fine — 

Social Life of the Irish Friends 235 

Coart week — day of April 1783 Came Samuel Moodey acompaned By 
andrew Roos and his waggon and took 20 bushels of wheat for a demand 
which John Moodey maid for a 4 months tax — 

On 15 of imo 1784 Came James Perkinson and John may Searched 
my hous found a pocket book and took 18 dollers and 2 Crowns for a lax 

on 12 of 5 mo 1784 Came James Perkinson and James fegan and maid 
Search for and found money in the Desk drawer ^£ and 7s. 6d for a tax 

1783 feb Samuel Nelson colector for manahan Sold and bear off 10 b 
of wheat and 15 of rye for a demand of 3^ tax 

1783 About christmus Daniel williams and Caused my Grean to be 
thrashed in manahan with Great weast and Sold and bore away 15 bushels 
of rye — 10 of wheat and 5 of Spels Sold all for 4'-!'' per bushel 6-2-6 for 
a tax of about 4-17-0 

3 mo 1784 Came yong Shank and opened my drawer and took and 
bore off — 4 dollers for a muster fine demand of 1-8-0 

12 mo 1784 Daniel McCurdey went to William Michels and Saized on 
and took Eight Dollers of my money for a tax in manachan 

12 mo 1785 Came George Elly and Serched the desk and took 3-00-0 

Also a ross 1-6-0 

Jan 1790 Came John may and took 2 l9 7 

But little data on early schools attended by schools 
Irish Friends have been gleaned, but the evidence ^"^^^ 
indicates that from the earliest days of the Colony 
provision of some sort was made for education in 
nearly all Quaker neighborhoods. In 1725, Parke 
mentions an Irish Quaker pedagogue. " Unkle 
Nicholas Hooper," he writes, "lives very well he 
rents a Plantation & teaches School & his man 
dos his Plantation work." 

Reading matter in the country districts was 
confined chiefly to the Bible and Friends' books. 
Among the most popular of such works was 

236 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

" — painful Sewel's ancient lome 
Beloved in every Quaker home." 

At New Garden Monthly Meeting, 3 Mo. 6, 1721, 
" The following- friends have Subscribed To Take 
The following Books beeing a history of The Rise 
& Progress of Truth Composed by William 
Sewell : 

Caleb Pusey i 
James Lindley I 
Jeremiah Starr "i 
James Starr \ 

Michael Lightfoot ) 
Jeremiah Brown I 
Simon Hadley 1 
Andrew Job I 
Henry Reynolds I 

Thomas Lightfoot I 

Daniel Worsley I 

James Miller of Kenit I 

William Brown Sen' I 

Samuel Littler I 

Joseph Haines I 

Thomas Jackson of Marlborough I 

John Churchman I 

William Beals I 

For y" Monthly Meeting 4.' ' 

Nearly all the inventories of the period contain 
the item of books. In 1751 the inventor)' of Wil- 
liam Pim, of P2ast Cain, Chester County, included 
the following : " To a number of Books, 8 s. 3 d ; 
To a Large Bible, 2 s. 10 d ; To Sewels History, 
16 s ; To Crisps Sermons & banks Journal, 8 s." 




1 ifC^Li^ 





' . ^ ' 

James Logan 

The Irish Quaker Governor of Pennsylvania 



THE most eminent of the Irish Friends and James 
one of the most important personages of 
the Province, was James Logan, the faith- 
ful friend and efficient secretary and agent of the 
Proprietor, William Penn. He was born of 
Scotch parentage, 8 Mo. (October) 20, 1674, at 
Lurgan, County Armagh, Ireland.^ His father, 
Patrick Logan, a native of East Lothian, Scot- 
land, whose ancestry has not yet been satisfac- 
torily determined, was graduated from the Uni- 
versity of Edinburgh, with the degree of Master 
of Arts,^ and became a clergyman of the Estab- 
lished Church, serving for a time as chaplain to 
Lord Belhaven '■' ; but later he joined the Society 
of Friends and removed with his family to 
Lurgan, where he took charge of a Latin school. 


' Penn and Logan Correspondence, I., liii., Memoirs of the Historical 
Society of Pennsylvania, Vol. IX. 

^ Proud, \., ^^z. 

'Keith, Provincial Councillors of Pennsylvania, 5. 


2 38 

Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

His Auto- 


and Appren- 

The Family 
Flees to Scot- 
land, 16S9 

His Father 
School at 

About all that is known of James Logan's early 
life is contained in his aiitobiojrraphy, which, as it 
has never been published — so far as I can learn — 
is here printed in its entirety : 

My Father was bom in E Lotbain in Scotland : was educated for the 
^'^"■SXi ^ ^''^ " Chaplain for some time ; but turning Quaker, he was 
obliged to go to Ireland & to teach a Latin School there — Me had 
several children,' of whom none are now living, nor have been, more than 
tliese 50 years past, saving my B' W'" who took his degree of Doctor of 
Physick in Holland — and is now the chief Physician in Bristol — and my- 
self — My Mother was Isabel Hume D&ugh' of James Hume — a younger 
Brother of the Mouse of St Leonards, of the Shire of Mers (as I think) in 
the South of Scotland. He was Manager of the I-state of the Karl of 
Murray — who owed, but never paid him ^^1500 Stcrl. iho the said Earl 
lodged for some years in his House in the Shire of Fife — My Grandmother, 
before she married, was lielhia Dundas,' Sister of the Laird of Dundas, of 
Didiston, alx>ut 8 miles west of Edinburgh a fine seat, and the Earl of 
Murray assisted my Grandfather in carrying off my Grandmother — She was 
nearly related to the Earl of Panmat [Panmure] &c. 

Having learned Latin, Greek, and some Hebrew, before I was 13 years 
of age — in my 14th I was put Apprentice to a Linncn Draper — one as con- 
siderable with his Partner as any in Dublin. But the Prince of Orange, 
landing before I was twund (tho' I served my Master 6 months) in the 
winter 16.S8, I went down to my Parents — and the wars in Ireland coming 
on. In the Spring I went over to Edinburgh with my Mother — after 
which my Father soon followed, who being out of employment — repair'd 
to London, & was there gladly receiv'd by our friends — Deputies to the 
Geni Meeting from Bristol in that City — as their schoolmaster ' — for the 

' Hannah Ix>gan, daughter of Patrick Logan, of Lurgan, died 7 Mo. 15, 
1678, and was interred in the burial place at Monreanerty. — MS. Lurgan 
Meeting Records. 

'Isabel, sister of Bethia, and daughter of William Maulc of Glastcr, 
grandson of Lord Panmure, married James Dundas, of Dudingston in West 
Lothian. — Robert Douglas, Peerage of S(otland, p. 544 (Edinburgh, 1764) 
and Baronage of Scotland, p. 178 (Edinburgh, 1798). 

'In the Bristol Meeting minutes of 4 Mo., 1690, is the following refer- 
ence to Patrick, father of James l^gan : " Paul Mix)ne acquaints this meet- 
ing that Patrick Logan, a Friend, late of Ireland, and now at Ix>ndon — • 

Some Prominenl Irish Friends 239 

I^lin language, and I followed him the next year ; but tho' the wages 
were good, and well paid, he could not brook the Mothers taking upon 
them to direct his treatment of their children, and thereupon soon disliking 
it, having ordered my Mother to return to IreP to take care of what they 
had left there. 

In 1693 after above 3 years stay there, pretending to go over for my //,\j Father 
Mother,' but with a real design never to return He left me in his school. Returns to 
not full 19 years of age— ordering me on the receipt of his Letter Signifying Ireland and 
my Mother would not come over, that I should give up the school & re- I^eaves Son 
turn to him. But our Friends would not give me up, I therefore continued *" (-""''S' <U 
in the same employment untill the peace of Reswick in 1697. ' " 

In which time, as I had in Edinburgh in my l6th year, happily met Studies 
with a book of the Leyboms on the Mathematics, I made myself Master Mathematics 
of that, without any manner of Instruction, and in the time in which I kept and the 
school, I further improved myself in the Greek looking a little further into Languages 
the Hebrew — I also learned French & Italian with some Spanish ; but 
went 3 mos. to P>ench Master to learn the Pronunciation, without which I 
was sensible I should never be able to speak it. But otherwise I never 
paid one penny for Learning any thing whatsoever, and tho' I had my 
course of Humanity — as it is called in Ireland from my Father, I can 
safely say, he never gave me the least instruction whatsoever, more than 
he gave to the other scholars — 

good scholar, and an apt schoolmaster to instruct youth in Latin, &c. , is a 
present out of employment, and, upon some discourse of it among Friends 
at London, is in some expectation that he may be serviceable to Friends' 
children at Bristol, upon consideration of which this meeting is desirous 
to promote it, in hopes it may be serviceable to our youth." In 9 Mo. 
following the treasurer was desired to hand Patrick Logan " £%o, and to 
pay Jno. Harwood's note of carpenter's work for the said school." — Wil- 
liam Tanner, Three Lectures on the Early History of the Society of Friends 
in Bristol and Somersetshire, London, 1858, p. 124. 

•At Ulster Province Meeting, 2 Mo. 13, 1695, "Some Books being 
brought To Patt* Loagan Sent him from George Keeth & friends being 
Sensiblee of y" hurt which ensued if y' Said Books Should be received 
amongst any professing Truth have Therefore Concluded y' Said Books 
Shall be viewed and Pres"* [perused] by Some Sencible friends and y« 
Errours noated in y" margent and Then Sent back To George Keeth To 
London for prevention of his Sending any more Such factious Books and 
That a Letter be also Sent with y' Said Books on behalfe of y" Province 
Meeting To George Keeth." 

240 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

Rtfa^es in But to return ; After the Peace, having first agreed in Bristol, to go over 

Shipping, with another Factor to Jamaica, I went over to Ireland to see my Parents ' : 

i6gy and having told them my intention of going over to that Island, my Mother 

was so averse to it, that she affirmed s!ie would much rather see me dead — 
On this I was obliged to change my measures, & began with a cargo, 
from Dublin, to enier on a trade between that place and Bristol, which I 
followed for about 8 months. 
Becomes When in the spring of 1699, our old Proprietor [William Penn] sent for 

Penn's Secre- me, and made me his proposals to come over to Penn' as his Secretary, and 
lary, 1690 desired me to take time & advice upon it — Some of my Friends advised 

me to accept, & some others as strenuously against it ; but in some few 
days I went over to Bath — with my fr'' K* Hackel, & accepted of it. 
Comes to In 8" 1699, being then at Sea, in our voyage hither — I was 25 ys. of 

Pennsylvania age — The Proprietor continued here 2 years wanting about 5 weeks, and 
left me in more offices that I was fit to undertake & got tliro'. But had 
I left his whole business — at the time of his departure, I might — consider- 
ing my singular good fortune — or the kind Providence that has ever at- 
tended me — for which I can never be sufficiently grateful, I might I say 
with great ease have doubled my present fortune — & equaled what the 
Prop" son Tho' charged me with having — according to an information he 
had rec'' viz : — £ 60,000 but I am fully content with what I have tho' not 
half so much — The old Proprietor was willing to give me what I would 
ask, for my ten years service, & considering his melancholy circum- 
stances in 171 1 I set it at £ lOO a year cur"' for all manner of services 
whatsoever, But told him I would stay in his service no more than 2 years 
— liut he was seized with an apoplectic fit in less than I year which tied 
me down to his business, vastly it proved to my loss — as my Letters de- 
signed at first for our Proprietor Thos Penn fully demonstrate — ' 

Public Life Penn brought Logan to Pennsylvania on his 
second coming, in the Canterbury, in 1699, and 
immediately plunged him into the affairs of the 

'William Penn wrote to James Logan from London. .\ Mo. 21, 1702 : 
"Of thy Family. — Thou heard of the death of thy fatlier and marriage 
of thy mother with one not a Friend ; an exercise W. I'd [William Kd- 
mundson] &c told me so at our Yearly Meeting." — Penn ami Logan Cor- 
respondence, L, 117. 

•From a copy (No. 108) in the Smith MSS., Vol. I, 1678-1743 (F. 
7287^), Ridgeway Branch, Philadelphia Library Company. 

Some Prominent Irish Friends 241 

Colony. Young Logan soon showed such marked 
capacity for business and administration that his 
services became indispensable, and Penn, on his 
departure for England in 1701, not only continued 
him as Secretary of the Province but gave him a 
general charge both of the government and 
property, saying, " I have left thee in an uncom- 
mon trust with a singular dependence on thy 
justice and care."^ 

The Proprietor's confidence was not misplaced ; Governor 0/ 
for though beset by many troubles and vexations, ^'"''^'""^^ 
Logan ever remained true to his trust, and dis- 
charged his duties with fidelity and judgment. 
His life becoming more and more occupied with 
public affairs, for the next forty years he was 
always holding some high office — Commissioner 
of Property, member of Provincial Council, Judge 
of Common Pleas, Mayor of Philadelphia, Chief 
Justice; and, in 1736-38, as President of the 
Provincial Council, acting as Governor of Penn- 

He became the devoted leader of the Proprie- Leader of 
tary Party in the long and bitter political conflict P'oP''^^<^^y 
that was waged after Penn's return to England, 
and zealously guarded the Penn interests and 
prerogatives against what were deemed the en- 
croachments of the Popular Party of the Assem- 

^ Penn and Logan Corresfondetice, I., 59. 

'See Wilson Armistead's Memoirs of James Logan, London, 1 85 1. 


with the 

242 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

bly, led by David Lloyd, and of the Church Party, 
led by Colonel Robert Ouarr)-. It is true that in 
these earlier years of his life Logan did at times 
become heated in partisan controversy, to such an 
extent as to make himself unpopular ; but later in 
life he was generally respected for his learning, 
character, and ability. He remained a Friend all 
his life, but differed from the great body of the 
Society in his belief in defensive war. 

Like his friend Penn, Logan knew how to win 
and keep the confidence of the Indians. It was 
largely due to him that friendship and alliance be- 
tween them and the Province was so long main- 
tained. He often had them as guests at Stenton, 
his beautiful county-seat, near Germantown. On 
some occasions, it is said, there were as many as 
three or four hundred, who would remain for days 
enjoying the hospitality of the plantation ^ The 
high regard in which he was held by the Indians 
was expressed by Cannassetego, chief of the Onon- 
dagas, in a speech at the making of a treaty be- 
tween the Six Nations and Governor Thomas and 
the Council, at Philadelphia, in July, 1742 : 

Brethren, we called at our friend James Logan's on our way to this city, 
and to our grief found him hid in the bushes and retired through infirmities 
from public business. We pressed him to leave his retirement, and pre- 
vailed with him to assist once more on our account at your council. He is 
a wise man and a fast friend to the Indians, and we desire when his soul 
goes to God you may choose in his room just such another person of the 

^ Armislead, 1 76. 





Some Prominent Irish Friends 243 

same prudence and ability in counseling, and of the same tender disposi- 
tion and affection for the Indians.' 

It is not only as a statesman but also as a man Literary 
of letters and science that James Logan is con- """' ^ 
spicuous in our colonial annals. The fortune 
which he acquired in commerce and in trade with 
the Indians enabled him to spend his later days in 
scholarly retirement at Stenton,- in the enjoyment 
of his library' and in writing. He carried on an 
extensive correspondence with the most learned 
men of Europe and America, and wrote numerous 

' Cited in Westcott's Historic Afansions, 149. 

^ The picturesque and dignified old mausion of Stenton, built by Logan 
in 172S, is one of the most interesting examples of colonial architecture ex- 
tant. Thanks to the loving zeal of the Pennsylvania Society of the Colo- 
nial Dames of America, it has recently been carefully restored, and under 
their trusty guardianship it has been opened to the public. The house, 
still surrounded by ample grounds and reached by a fine avenue of hem- 
locks, is a two story brick structure with two great towering chimneys and 
a heavy roof set with dormer windows. 

Passing up the curious circular stone steps, firmly clamped together 
with iron, one enters the great hall, paved with brick and wainscoted to 
the ceiling. In one corner is an open fireplace, and in the rear the stately 
double staircase. On either hand are lofty rooms, also handsomely 
wainscoted. The large fireplace in the room to the left has in it a back- 
plate of iron inscribed ''J. L. 1728." In another room the fireplace 
still retains some of its original blue and white Dutch tiles, of most gro- 
tesque pattern. One of the most attractive rooms is the library, in which 
the book-loving master of the place spent much of his time. This is a large, 
finely lighted apartment, taking up half of the front of the house in the second 
story. Indeed, the ancient house is full of delights for the antiquary and 
the lover of the olden time. From garret to cellar there are all sorts of 
quaint nooks and comers, mysterious cupboards and closets and secret 
staircases ; and leading from the cellar to the stables is a long under- 
ground passage, the subject of many a strange legend. 

244 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

works, many of which are still imprinted. His 
letters and writings show that there was almost no 
topic in science or literature that he could not dis- 
cuss with the scholars of his time. " Sometimes 
Hebrew or Arabic characters and algebraic for- 
mulas roughen the pages of his letter-books. 
Sometimes his letters convey a lively Greek ode 
to a learned friend ; and often they are written in 
the Latin tongue."' His friend Linnaeus, in com- 
pliment to his botanical knowledge, named after 
him a natural order of herbs and shrubs, the Lo- 
ganiacerc, containing some thirty genera in three 
hundred and fifty species. He published Latin 
essays on reproduction in plants, and on the aber- 
ration of light ; translated Cato's Disticha and 
Cicero's De Sencchite, and issued many other 
works which are Hsted in Joseph Smith's monu- 
mental Catalogue of Friends Books} His corre- 
spondence with the Penn family, from i 700-1 750, 
which is a mine of historical information, reveals 
his carefulness and intellectual breadth. Says 
Professor Tyler, " Occasionally one finds in it a 
passage of general discussion, in which the clear 
brain and the noble heart of the writer utter them- 
selves in language of real beauty and force."'' 

> J. F. Fisher, in Spark's Works of Franklin, VII., 24-27, note. 
'See also Ilildeljurn's Issues of the Pennsyhania Press. 
'Moses Coit Tyler, A History of American Literature (New York, 
1881), II., 234. 

So})te Prominent Irish Friends 245 

He bequeathed to the City of Philadelphia his 
private library of 3,000 volumes, comprising all 
the Latin classics and more than a hundred folios 
in Greek. These books formed the foundation of 
the Loganian Library which later was included in 
the Philadelphia Library Company.^ 

"In personal appearance," says Watson,^ Personal 
"James Logan was tall and well proportioned, 
with a graceful yet grave demeaner. He had a 
good complexion, and was quite florid even in old 
age, nor did his hair, which was brown, turn gray 
in his decline of life, nor his eyes require spec- 
tacles. According to the customs of the times, 
he wore a powdered wig. His whole manner was 
dignified, so as to abash impertinence ; yet he was 
kind and strictly just in all the minor duties of ac- 
quaintance and society." William Black, a Vir- 
ginia gentleman, who visited Logan at Stenton, in 
1744, says of his host, that he " seem'd to have 
some Remains of a handsome . . . Person and 
a Complection beyond his years, for he was turn'd 
off 70."' 

From his correspondence with Penn we learn unsuccessful 
of Logan's early disappointment in love. It '^°'"''^'"f' 
seems that he had formed an attachment for Ann 
Shippen, daughter of Edward Shippen, the first 

^ Ar7fiistead, 174-5. 

''■Annals of Philatitlphia, I., 524. 

^Journal of William Black, Penn' a Mag., I., 407. 

246 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

Mayor of Philadelphia, but the fair Ann was in- 
clined to listen to the vows of another suitor, 
Thomas Story, the eminent minister. The prog- 
ress of the love affair soon became the town-talk, 
and even reached the cars of Penn in pjigland.' 
"I am anxiously grieved for thy unhappy love," 
writes Penn to Losjan, under date, 11 IMo. 16, 
I 704-5, " for thy sake and my own, for T. S. and 
thy discord has been of no service here, any more 
than there ; and some say that come thence that 
thy amours have so altered or influenced thee 
that thou art grown touchy and apt to give rough 
and short answers, which many call haughty, &c. 
I make no judgment, but caution thee, as in 
former letters to let truth preside and bear imper- 
tinencies as patiently as thou canst."- To this 
Logan replied, 12 Mo. 11, 1704-5, "I cannot un- 
derstand that paragraph in tliy letter relating to 
T. S. and myself; thou says our discord has done 
no more oood there than here, and know not who 
carried the account of it for I wrote to none that I 
know but thyself in yber, 1 703. . . . Before that 
we had lived eighteen months very good friends, 
without any manner of provocation, only that I 
had about three or four months before spoke 
something to Edward Shippen. . . ."^ 

' See Thomson Wescott's Historic Mansions of Philadelphia (Pbiladel- 
phia, 1895), 144-5. 

'Penn and Logan Correspondence, I., 35S. 
»/*(■</., I., 367. 

Some Prominent Irish friends 247 

In the following year Ann Shippen and Thomas 
Stor)' were married, and Logan seems to have 
become reconciled to the match. He wrote to 
William Penn, Jr., August 12, 1706. "Thomas 
Story carries very well since his marriage. He 
and I are very great friends, for I think the whole 
business is not now worth a quarrel."^ In the 
course of time he recovered from his disappoint- 
ment, and on the 9th of 10 Mo., 1714, was happily Marriage 
married to Sarah Read, daughter of Charles 
Read, a wealthy merchant of the City, sometime 
Mayor and Provincial Councilor.-' 

James Logan died 10 Mo. 31, 1751, in his ^"^"' 
seventy-seventh year, and was interred in Friends' 
burial ground at Fourth and Arch Streets, Phila- 
delphia. Of his children, Sarah married, in 1739, 
Isaac Xorris ; William Logan, who married Han- 
nah Emlen,* serv^ed as Provincial Councilor, 1 747- 
1776^; and Hannah married John Smith,^ of the 
scholarly Smiths of Burlington, New Jersey, an- 
cestor of John Jay Smith, for many years at the 
head of the Philadelphia Library Company.' 

Of the Irish Friends following closely after 
James Logan in the order of prominence, is Cap- 

^Penn and Lo^n Correspondencf, II., 158. 

* Westcott, Historic Mansions, 146. 

' See Tht Burlington Smiths, by R. Morris Smith. 

* Penna. Archivis, 2nd Series, IX., 624. 

5 For a genealogical account of the Logan family see Keith's Provincial 
Councillors of Pennsylvania and Memoir of Dr. George Logan of Stenton, 
(issued by the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 1899). 

24S Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

Thomas tain Tliomas Holme, Surveyor-General of Penn- 
sylvania and Provincial Councilor.' He was born in 

1624; although a great 
part of his life was spent 
in Ireland, his biogra- 
I)her, Oliver Hough, 
thinks there is little doubt that his birthplace is in 
England, possibly in Yorkshire. He is styled 
" gentleman," and evidently came of good family, 
probably from a younger branch of the family of 
Holme of Huntington, in Yorkshire, as he used 
an armorial seal on his official papers, correspond- 
ing with the arms - of this family. 
In Ireland Thomas Holme was residine in Limerick, Ire- 
land, in 1655, for it is stated in A CoMrKNDious 
VIEW Of Some Plxtraordinary SUFFERINGS Of 
the . . . QUAKERS . . . In . . . Ireland, etc.,^ 
that in 1655, James Sicklemore, one of the early 
converts made by Elizabeth Fletcher and Eliza- 
beth Smith " being peacably in Thomas Holme's 
House in Limerick, was seized on with a Guard 

' For helpful suggestions and ni.iny of the facts used in this sketch of 
Tbomas Holme I am indebted to Mr. Oliver Hough's carefully prepared 
biography of him in l\niia. Magazine, XIX., 413-427; XX. 128-131, 

*The arms are described in ISurke's General Armory t^s: ".Vrgent, a 
chrevon azure, between three chaplets gules." Mr. Hough says that the 
shield on Thomas Holme's seal is the same, surrounded by a bordure with 
ten roundels, the bordure being used to distinguish the branch of the 

3 Dublin : Printed by and for Samuel Fuller, at the Globe in Meath- 
Streel, ITXl. 

Some Protninent Irish Friends 249 

of Soldiers, and committed to Prison and banished 
the City by Order of Colonel Ingoldsby."^ 

In 1657, Thomas Holme and others, "being 
peaceably in their F"riends House in Cashel, and 
their Horses at an Inn, as travelling Men, were 
apprehended by a Guard of Soldiers, in the Year 
1657, by Order of Colonel Richard Le Hunt, and 
being brought before him and examined, were vio- 
lently (by Soldiers) turned out of the Town, and 
the Gates kept against them though it was near 
Night, and a dangerous Time for Englishmen to 
lie out of Garrison, because of the Tories or Rob- 
bers, and thereby exposed to the Hazard of their 

L) . o 
ives. - 

In 1659, he and fifty-two others published an ad- 
dress to Parliament recitino- " the Cruel and Un- 


just Sufferings of the People of God in the Na- 
tion of Ireland Called Quakers." This pamphlet^ 
relates that " Thomas Holme (late a Captain in the 
Army) . . . and several of the Lords people, be- 
ing in a peaceable meeting at Wexford had their 
meeting forcibly broken and many of them vio- 
lently haled and turned out of the Town, by order 
from Edward Withers Mayor then." It may rea- 
sonably be presumed from this account that 
Thomas Holme came into Ireland as a member of 

^ A Compendious J'u7i', etc., 51. 
^/i,W., S3. 

2 London, Printed for Thomas Simmons at the Bull and Mouth, near 
Aldersgate, 1659. 

250 Immigration of tlic Irish Quakers 

the New Model, and in the Cromwellian Settle- 
ment doubtless received his allotment (if land 
alontj with his fellow officers. 

He became one of the earliest converts to 
Quakerism in the Island, and about the time of 
the issue of the address of 1659 was livino- in 
Limerick, for it is stated that a guard of soldiers 
from Colonel Ing-oldesby, Governor of the town, 
" rifled the houses of Richard Piercy and Thomas 
Holme, and took awaj- what books and papers 
they pleased." At a later date he was residing 
in Waterford, but probably held propert}' in Wex- 
ford. He seems to have travelled extensively 
over the central and southern parts of the countiy, 
attending meetings of the Society. At Cashell, as 
related in the j)amphlet, he, Thomas Loe, and 
others, being " on their Journey " were brought 
before the officer in charge of the town, who com- 
manded his soldiers "(violently) to turne them out 
of the town and to cut their pates ; three of them 
were not suffered to go into the town again for 
their horses." 

In 1660,^ and also in 1661,'- Thomas Holme 
and other Friends were taken from meetings in 
Dublin and committed to Newgate prison by order 
of the Mayor of the City. In 1672, he and Abra- 
ham Duller, of Ireland, published "A Brief Rela- 

^Besse, II., 466. 
2 /«,/., II., 471. 

Some Prominent Irish Friends 2 5 1 

tion of some of the Sufferings of the True Christ- 
ians, the People of God (called in scorn Quakers) 
in Ireland for these last 11 years, viz. from 1660 
until 1 67 1. Collected by T. H. and A. F." ' On 
page 44 we have seen how in 1673, Holme lost 
^200 on account of his scruples against taking an 
oath in court. In 1676, "Thomas Holme of Kil- 
bride Parish [County We.xford] had taken from 
him for Tithe, bv Garret CavenaMi Tithmontrer," 
wheat, barley, and oats, valued at £\. 5s.;- at 
another time in the same year the "Priest" of 
Stephen's Parish, County Waterford, seized his 
"Warming-pan," worth los., for a tithe of 5s. ^. 
Thomas Holme was one of the first of the Irish <^<""""^- 

. . . . , stoned 

Friends to take an active interest in W illiam Penn s surveyor- 
proposed colony of Pennsylvania ; he was a First ^"^^'''^^ °f 
Purchaser, having acquired the title to 5,000 acres,* vania 
and also became a member of the Free Society of 

' In 1731, there was printed a work called " A Compendious VIEW of 
Some Extraordinary Sufferings of the People cali'd Quakers both in 
person and Substance in the Kingdom of Ireland, from the year 1655 
to the End of the Reign of King GEORG^; the First. In Three Parts. I. 
Contains the true Grounds and Reasons of their Consciencious Dissent from 
other Religious Denominations in Sundry Particulars, — By A. Fuller and 
T. Holmes, Anno 1671. 2. Contains Manifold Examples of their grevious 
Sufterings under Oliver Cromuyl! and the Reign of King Charles the lid for 
the aforesaid Reasons. III. Is a Brief Synopsis of the Number of Prison- 
ers," &c. 

Dublin: Printed by and for Samuel Fuller, at the Globe in Meath- 
street. 8 vo. 1 73 1. 

2 William Stockdale's A Great Cry 0/ Oppression, 71. 

^ Ibid., 73. 

•Hazard's Annals of Pennsylvania, 641. 

252 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

Traders, subscribing- for £z,o of stock.' On April 
18, 1682, Penn appointed him Surveyor-General 
of the Province. The commission reads: 

I, the said William Penn, reposing special confidence in the integrity 
and ability of my loving friend, Captain Thomas Holme, of the city of 
Waterford, in the kingdom of Ireland, do by these presents elect, empower, 
and establish him, the said Thomas Holme, in the office, trust, and em- 
ployment of surveyor-general of the said province of Pennsylvania, for and 
during his natural life, he behaving himself honestly and faithfully in the 
said oRice.^ 

Sails for the Captain Holme sailed for Pennsylvania in the 

Province . . i-iirir^ a-i 

Amity, which leit the Downs April 23, 1682, 
bringing with him his family and John Claypoole, 
an assistant surveyor. James Claypoole, the father 
of John, wrote from London to his brother, on the 
30th, "I have been at Gravesend with My son 
John, who has gone per thev4;;«'/j', Richard Dimond, 
Master, for Pennsylvania, to be assistant to the 
general surveyor, whose name is Thomas Holmes, 
a very honest, ingenious, worthy man."^ 

The Surveyor-General and his family arrived in 
Pennsylvania late in June'' and made their resi- 
dence at Shackamaxon, staying for a time at the 

' Penna. Mag., XI., iSo. At the first meeting of the Society, held in 
London May 29, 1682, he was appointed on a committee of twelve to re- 
side in Pennsylvania. — Hazard, 576. 

^Hazanl, 555. 

'Hough in Penna. Mat;., XIX., 417-41S ; Claypoole's Letter-book 
(MS. in collection of Hist. Soc. of Penna.; extracts are printed in Penna. 
Mag., X., 188-202, 267-282, 401-413), cited by Hazard, 55S. 

< Hough in Penna. Mag., XI.X , 417 ; Hazard, 55S. 

5 Hazard's Annals 0/ Pennsylvania , 577 ; Stone in li'insor. III., 481 ; 
H. M. Jenkins, Philadelphia, I., 31. 

Some Proviincni Irish Friends 253 

house of Thomas Fairman, who in this year sent 
a bill of charges to William Penn for lodging Cap- 
tain Holme and his two sons and two dauo-hters.^ 


Holme brought a friendly letter from Penn to the 
Indians, which says of Holme himself, "The 
man which delivers this unto you, is my Special 
ffriend, Sober, wise and Loving, you may believe 
him." He made a memorandum on the letter, 
"I read this to the Indians by an Interpreter 6 mo 
1682— Tho Holme."2 

Holme at once entered upon the duties of his ^^y^ Out 

^f. , , . , . , , Philadelphia 

omce, and was much occupied with the country 
purchasers and surveys of their land. At the 
same time he was also acting with the commis- 
sioners in the development of plans for the City 
of Philadelphia, the site of which, no doubt, had 
been selected before his arrival. After Penn had 
come to a decision as to the final plan. Holme 
laid out the city in much the same form as we 
know it to-day. "A Portraiture of the City of 
Philadelphia," drawn up by him and printed in a 
book' published in London in 1683, is the earliest 

' Hough in Penna. Mag., XIX., 418. 

2 See facsimile of letter, Penna. Mag., XIX., 413. 

^ A Letter f'om IVilliam Penn Propnetary and Governor of Pennsyl- 
vania In America, to the Committee of the Free Society of Traders of the 
Province, residing in London, etc. To which is Added, An Account of the 
City of Philadelphia Newly laid out Its Scituation between two Navigable 
Rivers, Delaware and Skulkill with a Portraiture or Plal-form thereof, 
etc. " Printed and sold by Andrew Sowle, at the Crooked-Billet, in the 
Halloway-Lane, in Shoreditch, and at several stationers in London, 

2 54 Immigyatioit of the Irish Quakers 

map of Pennsylvania under the- dominion of 
Hoime^s Map j^jg ^^g followed in 168? or 1688,- by his best 

of Penmyl. a/t r 1 x 1 

vania known work, a large " Map of the Improved 

Part of the Province of Pennsilvania in America 
Begun by Wil : Penn Proprietary & Governor 
thereof Anno 1681." It has a subheadinij-, "A 
Map of the Province of Pennsylvania, Containing 
the three Countyes of Chester Philadelphia & 
Pucks as far as yet surveyed and laid out, the di- 
visions or distinctions made by the coullers re- 
spect the settlements by way of townships. By 
Thos. Holme, Survey" GenI"'' This is the most 
important of all the early maps, and it is of par- 
ticular interest as showing the settled portion of 
the Province and the lands seated, with the own- 
er's name on each tract.' 
Worko/thc '\\\{^ Surveyor-General had deputies in each 

Surveyor- ' ... , , 

General county, whose returns were made to hmi ; and the 

A part of this work is a description of the city by Holme, under the 
heading, " .\ short advertisement upon the situation and extent of the city 
of Philadelphia and the Ensuing platform thereof, by the Surveyor 
General." This map of the city, however, did not remain in efi'ect, for as 
early as 1 684, a number of changes in the arrangements of streets, etc., 
had been made. — Hough, in Pemia. Afag. XIX., 420-I. 

'Stone in Winsor, III., 481, 516; Jenkins, Philadelphia, \., ^i; 
Sbarpless, Trcfl Cnttitrifs 0/ Pt'nnsyh'ania Iliitory, 46-47. 

'Hough in Poina. Mag., XIX., 423-425. 

^It was "Sold by Robert Greene at the Kose & Crown in Budgrow, 
and by lohn Thornton at the Plntt in the Minories London," and dedicated 
by Ihem to William I'enn. 

♦ Hough in Penna. Mag., XIX. 

FRIENDS' Meeting House and Academy 

Fourth Street below Chestnut, Philadelphia. 1789 

FRIENDS' Meeting House 

Cherry Street near Fourth, Philadelphia 

Some Projuineiit Irish Friends 255 

whole work of laying- out the land of the settlers 
and locating towns and highways was under his 
super\'ision. With the rapid growth of the coun- 
tr)' the responsibilities of the office increased, so 
that it became one of the most important positions 
in the Province. Holme held this post the re- 
mainder of his life and discharged his duties with 
faithfulness and ability. 

He was also appointed to many other places of 
trust and honor. In 1682, he served as a mem- 
ber of the first Assembly of the Province, which 
began its session at Upland, December 4th, Penn 
presiding. In 1683, he was elected a representa- 
tive from Philadelphia County to the Provincial M^^^bero/ 

i ^ the Provin- 

Council for a term of three years, and took a dai councu 
prominent part in its transactions, serving- on sev- 
eral important committees. In i Mo., 1683, he 
was a member of the joint committee of the Coun- 
cil and Assembly that drew up the new Charter, 
or Frame of Government. Later in the year he 
was one of the commissioners appointed to treat 
with the Governor and Council of West Jersey in 
regard to certain differences between the two col- 
onies. In the following year he and two others 
were on a committee to investigate the actions of 
Lord Baltimore in connection with the bound- 
ary dispute. In the same year, 1684, he was 
one of three appointed to draw up a charter for 
the incorporation of Philadelphia as a borough, 
with a Mayor and six Alderman. 

Immigration of the Irish Qiiakers 

Acts as 
Governor of 
the Province 

Places of 

About the middle of Holme's term (6 Mo. i8, 
1684), Penn authorized the Council to act in his 
place as Governor. Thoma.s Lloyd, as President 
of the Council, now became acting Governor, but 
in 1685 he was absent a large part of the time, 
and Holme was elected to act in hi.s place, presid- 
ing- at twenty-seven out of the fifty meetings held 
this year and also at a number of meetings the 
next year ; so that during Lloyd's absence Thomas 
Holme acted as Governor of the Province. 

After Philadelphia was laid out in 1682, Holme 
removed his family to a house he had built on his 
lot ' at the northwest corner of Front and what 
is now Arch Street, and lived there until 16S8. 
Then he took up his residence at his plantation 
of "Well-Spring," in Dublin Township, Philadel- 
phia County, and, e.xcepting for several extended 
visits to England, continued there for the rest of 
his life, which terminated in March or April, 1695.- 

' It was on a part of this lot farther up Front Street, sold by Holme to 
the Trustees of the Meeting, that the Bank Meeting House was erected in 

« The name of Thomas Holme's wife is not known. Oliver Hough says 
she probably died before 1682, as she did not come to Pennsylvania with 
her husband. Their children were : Sarah Holme, who married Richard 
Holcombe, but is not known to have come to Pennsylvania; Michael (?) 
Holme, who died without issue before his father ; Tryell Holme, who also 
died without issue before his father ; Eleanor Holme, married (l) Joseph 
Moss, and (2) Joseph Smallwood, by the latter having one daughter, Sarah 
Smallwood ; Esther Holme, married, in 1683, Silas Crispin, son of Captain 
William Crispin, formerly of the English navy, and died April 17, 1696, 
leaving six children. — See Hough in l^enna. Mag., XX., 251-256. 

So7ne Promine7it Irish Friends 257 

Robert Turner, who has several times been Rot'^'^ 

r 1 • • 1 ■ Turner 

reierred to in previous chapters as a prominent 
Irish Quaker, and one of the wealthiest men in 
the Province, was the son of Robert and Mary 
Turner,^ of Royston, Hertfordshire, and was born 
8 Mo., 1635, in Cambridge, England.^ We first 
hear of him as a Quaker in Ireland about 1657; 
Rutty^ states that about this year he was "instru- 
mental to the convincement of a few [Friends] 
who lived at Grange, near Charlemont [County 
Armagh], in the province of Ulster."* In 1658, 
according to Joseph Smith, ^ he issued a book in 
behalf of the Friends called TrutJi s Defense, etc.* 
In the pamphlet "To the Parliament of Eng- 
land ... A Narrative of the Cruel and Unjust 
Sufferings of the People of God of the Nation of 

^ She died in Dublin in 1670. 

'^Records of Dublin ATonfhIv Ahetingj cited in **Soine Genealogical 
Notes Regarding Rol)ert Turner," collected by a descendant, William 
Brooke Rawle, Esq., of Philadelphia, and printed in the American Geneal- 
ogist (edited by Thomas Allen Glenn, Ardmore, Pa.) Feb., 1900. 

^ Rise and Progress, 119. 

* Possibly as Robert Turner was only about twenty-two years of age at 
this time, this refers to his father Robert Turner. 

5 Catalogue of Friends^ Books, II., 835. 

5 " Truth's Defence . . . Also Here is a swift and close pursuite, after 
severall dangerous Errors, which by Robert Child Preist, hath lately been 
sowen, & spread abroad, and sold for mony (instead of Truth) to his 
Hearers the People oi Bandon- Bridge in Ireland, which Errors, are ans- 
wered by R. T. by Scorners, Scorned, Reviled, & called a Quaker, So 
was Moses, who was a QtJAKER : . . . — Also, a true Information of the 
Evil and Error of one Humphrey Whittingh Priest &c. ; with a few words 
to the Heads & Rulers of the Nation of Ireland ; and of the CoUedge of 
Dublin." Large 4to, " Printed in the Yeare" 1658. 


258 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

Ireland, called Quakers," printed in London, in 
1659, is this entry concerning Robert Turner: 

Kob. Turner, for speaking a few words in the Steeple house at Battdon, 
(after the Priest had done) had his Hat taken away, and was beaten : 
And for speaking a few words in the Steeple-house at Dublin, was very 
much abused, and had his coat taken from him in the said place, and not 
restored to him again : And for asking a Question of a Priest in Dublin, 
was sent to Hridewell, and after kept three months in prison, was put into 
a Cell or Dungeon, a very noisome place, graves being over his head, and 
under his feet : And being in a meeting at London- Derry, was violently 
haled thereout, and drawn along the street by the Arms and Legs, (the 
Mayor of that City then present, and helped with his own hands) and put 
him out of the said town ; and two dayes after hailed him as before, and 
one with a Knif in his hand, threatened to cut off his Members, and turned 
him out again, and tyed him back and legs on a Horses bare back, with a 
haire rope, and led him about as their sport, at their pleasure. 

In 1660 and also in 1661, for attending Quaker 
meetings in Dublin, Robert Turner was committed 
to Newgate ; and in 1662 for the same offense was 
sent to Bridewell.^ 

In William Stockdale's rare little book- there is 
an interesting recital of Turner's sufferings, in 
Dublin, in 1672, as follows: 

" Robert Turner of Brides Alley having his Shop open on the day called 
Thomas day, the Mayor came and took Samuel Randall his Servant, sent him 
to Goal, and the same day released him : and for the like cause on Christmas 
day (called) the Mayor come with a Guard of Souldiers and abused the 
said Robert, sent him to Newgate, where he was detained five days : also 
the rude multitude did beset his House with stones and staves, and throw- 
ing, broke down the Windows, to tlie hurting of some, endangering the 
Lives of others, one stone weighing nine pounds, and said they had 
Orders from the said Mayor : also on the day called Newyears day, for the 
said cause, the said Mayor committed the said Robert and Samuel Randall 

^ Bene IL, 466, 471. 

'^ A Great Cry of Oppression, 212. 

Some Prominent Irish Friends 259 

to Newgate, but released them next day : and on the day called Twelfth 
day the said Mayor for the like cause committed Robert Fuller Servant to 
the said Robert to Prison, and released him the same day : besides other 
wrongs the said Robert by breaking his Windows w'as damnified fourteen 
shillings six pence." 

In 1675, he had taken "by the Wardens, for Priest Gowburns Wages, 
out of the Shop-box three shillings." ' 

He seems first to have become interested in 
colonization in 1677, when he and other Irish 
Friends acquired one whole share of West Jersey, 
their land being laid out on Newton Creek, near 
the site of Camden, in 1681, and settled by Irish 
Friends.- In 1681, he joined with the Earl of 
Perth, William Penn, Robert Barclay, the Apolo- 
gist, and other eminent personages, in the pur- 
chase of East Jersey from the estate of Sir 
George Carteret.^ About the same time his 
friend Penn received the grant of Pennsyl- 
vania, and Turner became actively concerned 
in that project, purchasing 5,000 acres of 
land in the Province'* and subscribing ^500 of 
stock in the Free Society of Traders."" It is evi- 
dent from a letter of James Claypoole that before 
II Mo. 9, 1682, Turner had a prospect of going 
to Pennsylvania, '^ but he did not take his departure 
until a few months later, probably in 5 Mo. 1683, 

' A Great Ciy of Opptession, 55. 

^Clement's Nexvton, 13, passim. 

3 Whitehead in fVinsor, III., 435. 

' Hazard's Annals of Pennsylvania, 641. 

^Penna. Mag., XI., 175, 177. 

''Ibid., X., 201. 

2 6o Inwiigration of the Irish Quakers 

his certificate of removal being signed 5 Mo. 3rd. 
As previously stated ^ he arrived at Philadelphia, 
8 Mo. 14, 1683, in the Lion of Liverpoole, bring- 
ing- with him his daughter Martha and seventeen 
redemptioners. Here he took up his residence 
and continued his mercantile business. In the 
summer of 1684, he erected the first brick house ^ 
in the city, using brick, as he writes to Penn, 
"after a good manner to encourage others . . . 
and now (6 Mo. 3, 1685) many brave brick houses 
are going up."^ 

Almost from the day of his arrival until his 
death in 1 700, Turner was closely identified with 
public affairs.'* At the Province Council, 8 Mo. 
26, 1683, he was impaneled as a juryman.'^ In the 
following year he became Justice of the Peace and 
Judge of the Court of Common Pleas ;'' he also 
served as Register of Wills and fudge of Quarter 
Sessions and Orphans' Court.' In 1686, he 
was appointed Deputy Surveyor of Philadelphia 
County** and Receiver-General.'-' For a time he 
was one of the Commissioners of Property. In 

1 Page 55. 

'^ At the southwest corner of Front and what is now Arch Streets. 
^A Further Account of Pennsylvania, published in 16S5 ; cited in 
Wescott's Historic A/ansions, 15-16. 

* Colonial Records of Penna., \., passim. 

'■Jhid., 87. 

^ Ibid., 119. 

' Rawle in American Genealogist. 

^ Penna. Archives, 2d Series, IX., 699. 

9/W(/., 626. 

Some Prominent Irish Friends 261 

1 686, he was elected a member of the Provincial 
Council, being re-elected in 1693 and 1700. In 
1688, he was one of the five Commissioners from 
the Council appointed by Penn to govern the 

He seems to have been active in the business 
of Philadelphia Monthly Meeting, but in the con- 
troversy between the Friends and George Keith 
he took the side of the latter.'- 

Robert Turner was first married in Dublin, i 
Mo. 27, 1662, to Elizabeth Ruddock, of Dover, 
who survived only one year.^ He then was mar- 
ried at Rosenallis, Queen's County, 10 Mo. 7, 
1665, to Martha Fisher, of Cheshire. She died 3 
Mo. 1682,^ and at the time of his emigration, as 
his certificate states, he was a " Widdow man and 
clear from all women upon account of marriage." 
He was married the third time, under the care of 
Newark Monthly Meeting, New Castle County, 
about 12 Mo., 1686, to Susanna Welch," of New 
Castle, daughter of William Welch. Turner died 
in 6 Mo., 1700, and was buried on the 24th.® His 
daughter Martha, was married, 8 Mo. 18, 1689, to 

' Pcnna. Archives, 2d Series, IX. 

''■Proud, 369; Hazard's Register, VI., 242, 306. 

^ By her he had one child, Elizabeth, born i Mo. 12, 1663, died 1678. 

<The births of their children were : Martha, 7 Mo. 24. 1668; Robert, 
6 Mo. 25, 1672 (died same year); Abraham, 7 Mo. 28, 1673 (died 1675); 
and Mary, 12 Mo. 7, 1674. — Records of Dublin Meeting. 

* By her he had one son, Robert, who was buried 10 Mo. 18, 1692. 

* Records of Philadelphia Monthly Meeting. 

262 Inimigratoin of the Irish Quakers 

Francis Rawle, the younger, of Philadelphia, and 
left numerous descendants.' Another daughter, 
Mary, married Joseph Pidqcon, and died before 
her father. 

Thomas Tliomas Grifhtts, son of George- and Frances 
Griffitts Qi-iffitts, of Cork, was another of the Irish Friends 
to serve as Provincial Councillor and to hold 
other important positions. The Friends of Cork 
signed him a certificate of removal, 8 Mo. i6, 
1 716, stating that he was clear "in respect to 
marriao;e." At that date he was residingf on the 
Bay of Donna Maria in Jamaica, but was about to 
remove to Pennsylvania. 

The Meeting at Kingston, in that island, also 
gave him a certificate, 1 1 Mo. 21, 1 7 1 6, and his 
parents wrote from Cork to Isaac Norris and 
Jonathan Dickinson, of Philadelphia, desiring 
them to assist him "in that weighty affair." He 
then settled in Philadelphia, became a merchant, 
and in 1 7 1 7 married Mar)', daughter of Isaac 

In 1723, he was appointed Treasurer to the 

' See Rawle in Ammcan Genealo:;;ist ; Glenn, Some Colonial Man- 
sions and Those Who Lived in Them, II. 

* In 1677, George Griffits, a Friend of Shandon Parisli, County Cork, 
for " Priests Dues," had taken from him " two pewter dishes worth nine 
shillings 6 pence" and "a Hrass Chafing dish and Skellet," valued at lo 
s. In the following year, in the City of Cork, George Griffits for a lithe 
of 3 s. 6 d. had taken " one large pewter dish and a Tankard," valued at 
8 s. and lo s. " taken out of a purse from his Servant," by the church 
wardens. — William Stockdale, A Great Cry of Oppression, 74, 93, 1 14. 

























Some Pro))iincnl Irish Friends 263;c!S for tin- PVee Society of 'I'radcrs ; and in 
1724, he, James LoL^'^an, and tliree odicrs were 
chosen by the I'enn family to si-ll land and to issue 
land warrants and patents. In 1729-30 and in 
1733, he served as Mayor of Philadelphia, lie 
was Keeper of th(' Great Seal of the i'rovince 
from 1732 to 173.4, '1'^'' ''^ '733' took his seat in 
the I'rovincial Council. lie was Judt^e of tiie 
Supreme Court from 1739 to 1743. He died in 
1746, leavinjr tliicc children to survive him : Isaac 
Griffitts, sometime .Sheriff of Philadelphia County, 
married .Sarah P'itzwater, in July, 1745, and died 
July I, 1755; Mary, horn March 20, r72i,died, 
unmarried, in 1791 ; and 1 lannah, born 1727, died, 
unmarried, in Au^-ust 24, 1.S17.' 

Robert Strettell, '^ Provincial Councillor and Robert 
Mayor of I'hiladcilphia, was born of Quaker i)ar- ^'"'"''" 
entage, 10 Mo. 25, 1693, in Back Lane, Dublin. 
His father, Amos Stre'ttell,'' descended from a 

'See Keith'.s Provincial Councillors, 184. 

*See Keith's Provincial Councillors 0/ Pennsylvania, 196-208; atso 
entries from Strettell family liiljle in Miscellanea Gcnealogica et Ilerahlica, 
III., 212, 2(1 Scries, London, 1890, and Penn' a Ma;;., I., 241, II., 

^IIi.s rillicr, !Iuj;li StruUell, son of Thomas Strcltell (of I'.laklcy, liorn 
1598, died Aug., 1057) and his wife, Marpjarcl (Jrafdtt (of Alderley, 
married 1619), was born 1O22, and was married to Mary Iliilme, 
daui^liter of Francis Ilulme. Hugh and Mary Slreltell Ijecamc members 
of the .Society of Friends and resided at .Saltcr.sley, Cheshire ; he died 7 
Mo. 5, 1671, and she died 7 Mo. II, 1662 ; buried in Friends' ground at 

Children of Amos and Experience Strettell : Robert, b. lo Mo. 25, 

264 Immigratioti of the Irish Quakers 

respectable Cheshire family, was born 12 Mo. 
(Feb.) 24, 1657, at Saltersley, in Mobberly, Chesh- 
ire, and removed to Dublin in i Mo. (March) 
1678-9, where he was married to Anne, daughter 
of Roger and Marj' Roberts, of Dublin. She died 
1 1 Mo. 8, 1685-6, and he then was married, i Mo. 
(March) 23, 1692-3, by Friends' ceremony, to 
Experience Cuppage, daughter of Major Robert 
Cuppage^ and Elizabeth his wife, prominent 
Friends of Lambstown, County Wexford. Amos 
Strettel made a purchase of 5,000 acres of land 
in Pennsylvania,- but there is no evidence to show 
that he ever came to this country ; he also held 
large tracts of land in New Jersey. In 1688, he 

1693 ; Anne, b. 12 Mo. 23, 1694-5 ; Amos, b. 4 Mo. i, 1696, d. n Mo. 
30, 1712; Elizabeth, b. 7 Mo. 25, 1697; Thomas, b. 7 Mo. 13, 1699; 
Ebenezer, b. 12 Mo. 27, 1700, <1. 3 Mo., 1703; Jacob, b. 3 Mo. 5, 1702, 
d. II Mo., 1703-4; Experience, b. 5 Mo. 23, 1704, d. 4 Mo. 26, 1705 ; 
Lydia, b. 6 Mo. 2S, 1706; Benjamin, b. 9 Mo. i, 1707, d. 10 Mo. 
21, 1708. 

• Robert Cuppage, born in Cumberland, England, in 1619, married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Joshua and .Sarah Warren, of Colchester, England, 
lie had been a major in the army, but became convinced of the Quaker 
principles, and in 1662, at Wexford, for refusing to take the oath of 
" Grand- Juryman," he "was committed to Prison" {Besse,\\., \^2). 
In 1672, for tithes, he had taken from him hay, wheat, barley, oats, and 
lambs, to the value of over £,1 {Slockdale, 23). He died at Lambs- 
town, 7 Mo. 15, 1683 ( Leatibealfi; 92; Jiittly, 149). \t. a meeting of 
the Board of Property at Philadelphia, 2 Mo. 7, 1712, there was a recital 
of a deed, dated Oct. 6 and 7, 1708, in which Cuppage, of 
Lambstown, Parish, of Whitechurch, County Wexford, Ireland, gentle- 
man, since deceased, appears as one of the grantees. ( Poiiia. Archives, 
2nd Series, XIX., 506.) 

^ Penna. Archives, 2d Series, XIX., 321- 

Some Prominent Irish Friends 265 

and John Burnyeat published a small book called 
"The Innocency of the Christian Quakers Mani- 
fested," etc.^ 

About 1 716, Robert Strettell went to London 
and engaged in trade, but losing a large amount 
of money in the South Sea Bubble, he decided to 
remove to Pennsylvania. A certificate of removal, 
dated 1 1 Mo. 26, 1 736, for himself and family, from 
Friends' Meeting at Horslydowne, Southvi^ark, was 
received by Philadelphia Monthly Meeting, 4 Mo. 
24, 1737. He made his residence in Philadel- 
phia and opened a shop; in a newspaper of 1738 
is this advertisement: "late imported and to be 
sold by Robert Strettell at his store in Water 
Street facing Fishbourne's Wharf," muslin, cam- 
brics, "flowered damask," India velvet, blue and 
white China plates, Japanese tea kettles, Scotch 
snuff "fine London Pigtail tobacco," etc. His 
business prospered, and by 1 744, when William 
Black visited the city, he had attained such 
affluence that he was able to keep up a country 
house at Germantown. Black writes in his Jour- 
nal^-^ June i, 1744: 

Mr. Strettell carried us to Germantown about a mile further where he 
had a little County House to which he used to come and spend some part 
of the Summer Months, his Wife was then there : . . . We staid till near 
Sun-down at Mr. Strettell's Villa, where we were very kindly Received by 
Mrs. Strettell, she appeared to be a very Agreeable Woman, and Consider- 

' Joseph Smith, Calalo^^tie of Friends^ Books, II., 640. 
^Fenna. Mag., I., 40S. 

266 Immigration of tlie Irish Quakers 

ing she was in j'ears was Admirably well Shap'd : Mr. Strettell had not 
been long in Philadelphia ; be came over from London with a Cargoe of 
Goods about 9 years Since, and had very Good Success in Trade ; he was 
one of the Friends . . . he, I really do believe, appear'd what he really 
was, a very Honest Dealer, and Sincere in everything he Acted ; he was a 
very Modest Man in Company, Spoke little, but what he said was always 
worth the Noticing, as he gave everything Consideration before he Deliver' d 
it ; he was . . . very Moderate in Drinking and kept Good horses . . . 
he had only one son [Amos] who Liv'd with him, about 19, and was in 
Partnership with him in Trade, he appear'd to be a very Promising Sober 
and well Inclin'd young Man, and much attach'd to Business, even uncom- 
mon for his years. 

Strettell began his public career in 1741. In 
that year he was elected a member of the Com- 
mon Council of the City and also appointed to the 
Provincial Council. In 174S, he was elected 
Alderman, and in 1751, Mayor of Philadelphia. 
He was a Friend, but like James Logan, was a 
believer in defensive war.' 

He was married, 5 Mo. 18, 17 16, at Reigate, 
Surrey, to Philotesia Owen.^ He died in June, 
1761, and in his will mentions his " Proprie- 

' In 1741, he was apiwinted on a committee to determine whether or not 
a letter on defensive war, written by James Logan to the Yearly Meeting, 
should be read before that body. Strettell was in favor of having the 
letter read, but the other members of the committee overruled and a nega- 
tive report was made to the Meeting. Thereupon, Strettell arose in his 
seat and began to express himself as .idverse to the decision, but one of the 
committee caught him by the coat, saying sharply, " Sit thee down, Robert, 
thou art single in that opinion." — Letter of Richard Peters to John Pcnn, 
October 20, 1741. (Paina. Mag., VL, 403.) 

'Philotesia Owen was bom at Coulsdon, England, 5 Mo. 17, 1697, and 
died June 28, 1782. She was the daughter of Nathaniel Owen (died II 
Mo. 7, 1724), formerly of Seven Oaks, Kent, .afterward of Coulsdon, in 
Surrey, and subsequently of Reigate, in the same county, by Francis Ridge 
(bora 1662, died 2 Mo. 6, 1724), his second wife. 

Sotne Protnment IrisJi Friends 267 

tary Rights in West Jersey" and his "Greek, 
Latin, and French authors." His children were: 
Frances, born Sept. 17, 17 17, married, Feb. 13, 
1 742-3, to Isaac Jones, sometime Mayor of Phila- 
delphia ; Amos Strettel, born 1720, married, Nov. 
2, 1752, Hannah, daughter of Samuel Hansell, 
Provincial Councillor, and served as Alderman of 
Philadelphia in 1766, and as Assemblyman in 
1780; John Strettell,^ born 8 Mo. 29, 1721, in 
Cheapside, London, married, 1776, Mary Hay- 
ling; Ann, died unmarried, 4 Mo. 26, 1771 ; 
Robert, resided in Dublin after his father's re- 
moval to America, but came to Philadelphia about 
1745, where he died 2 Mo. 28, 1747." 

William Stockdale, Provincial Councillor of wiiuam 
Pennsylvania, and minister of the Society of 
Friends, first appears in the annals of Friends in 
1657, as of Lanarkshire, Scotland. On Februar)' 
26th of that year he wrote a short statement of 
some of the sufferings of Friends in Scotland, 
which is given in the second^ edition of a Quaker 
pamphlet called, "The Doctrines and Prin- 
ciples: the Persecutions, Imprisonment, Banish- 

' John Strettell remained in England and was brought up to business by 
his uncle, John Owen. He became an opulent merchant in Lime Street, 
London, for some time residing at Croyden in Surrey. He died in 1786, 
leaving an estate of over ;{j45,ooo. 

2 For an extended account of the descendants see V^t\'Ca'% Prozdncial 

3 Probably it is also in the first edition of 1657, but I have not been able 
to see that edition. 

2 68 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

ment, Excomunicating of the Saints of God, by 
the Priests and Magistrates of Scotland, contrary' 
to the Doctrine of Christ and the Apostles,"' 
issued by him^ and several others in 1659. 

In this little work is the following account of 


Stockdale's persecutions : 

William Stockdale, and John Boweram, being moved of the Lord to 
go to Strahaven [Slralhaven] in Evandale [Avondale, I^narkshire], and 
declaring the word of truth there one a Market-day to the people, was 
oftentimes knockt down with stones, and stoned out of the town with vio- 
lence by the wicked people (p. 3). 

William Stockdale, was knockt down in the Steeple-house yard of 
Damanoy, and the people set their feet upon him, and pulled much hair 
off his head ; insomuch that some of them cried he is kild, for he could 
not speak nor rise off the ground for along time (p. 4). 

William Stockdall, was put in prison four days in a hole where he 
could scarce get room to lye down for speaking to James Nesmith, Priest 
of Hambleton (p. 6). 3 

In 1670, we find William Stockdale living in 
County Tyrone, Ireland, probably in the Parish 
of Benburb, for in this year he had a "pair of Pot- 
hooks" valued at 5 d. seized for refusing to contrib- 
ute 2 d. towards the repairs of the "Seats and Glass 
windows of Benburb Parish Worship house." ' He 
was a member of Grange Meeting near Charle- 
mont, and with the exception of two years spent 

' London, Printed for Robert Wilson at the Signe of the Black-spread 
Eagle and Winde-Mill in Martin's-lane near Aldersgate, 1659. 

2 Joseph Smith's Catalogue (IL, 655, 686) does not mention Stockdale 
as one of the authors of the first edition. 

'On page 80 it is stated that Stockdale held a discussion with a 
•' Priest " in the " Steeple house of Lesmnhagow," Lanarkshire. 

*A Brief Relation of Some of the Sufferings of . . . Quakers in Ire- 
latid, etc., by Thomas Holme and Abraham Kullcr, 37 ; Hesse H., 479. 

Sonic Prominent Irish Friends 269 

in missionary effort at Londonderry/ he seems 
to have resided in that neighborhood until his re- 
moval to Pennsylvania. John Whiting in his 
Memoirs, published in 1715, says that he "trav- 
elled much in the Service of Truth in England 
and Scotland and was very serviceable ; especially 
in Scotland as aforesaid, and also in Ireland, where 
he dwelt." - 

In 1683, he published a book entitled, "The 
Great Cry of Oppression : or A Brief Relation of 
some part of the Sufferings of the People of God, 
in scorn called Quakers in Ireland, for these 1 1 
years — for Tithes, &c. — with a Testimony against 
taking and paying Tythes."^ 

He sailed from Ireland for Pennsylvania with 
his family, probably in the ship Friendship, of Liv- 
erpool, in 1684-5,' ^s he witnessed a will made 
on board that vessel, January (11 Mo.) 16, 1684 

' Says y^K/O' (footnote, 343), "about the year 1673, William Stockdale 
a Friend of the ministry, and Thomas Francis another Friend, removed 
their Dwelling from Charlemont to Londonderry and kept a meeting there 
for two years," but met with so little success in their missionary work that 
they returned to their former abode. 

"^Persecutions Expos'' d in some Memoirs Rel .ting to the Sufferings of 
John Whiting, etc. (London, 1715), 231-2. 

•■"He states that in 16S0 he had seven " carloads of Hey" taken for 
tithes (p. 150). In 1682, " William Stockdale, after his Tryal at the As- 
sizes in Londonderry, for being at a Religious Meeting, to worship God, 
in the County of Tyrone, was closely imprisoned for ten Months, upon Pre- 
tence of Fees, by Procurement of John Rooke, Clerk to Richard Reeves, 
who was then Judge there." — A Cornp'-ndioits View (Dublin, 1731), 5^- 

*Whiling (Memoirs, 131-2) says he came over in 1687, but this is 
doubtless an error. 

270 Immigratioti of the Irish Quakers 

(probated at Philadelphia, 11 Mo. 8, 1685).' He 
lived for a number of years in the northeast part 
of New Castle County, of which he was chosen a 
Justice of the Peace in 1685 (July 29), 1689, and 
1690.- He was a member of Newark Meeting, 
the Newark Monthly Meeting registers recording 
the deaths of his daughter Ruth, 6 Mo. 30, 1687, 
and his wife Jane, 7 Mo. 8, 1688. In 1689, he was 
again married, under the care of the Monthly 
Meeting, to Hannah Druett. 

On 2 Mo. I, 1689, he was admitted to the Pro- 
vincial Council as a representative from New 
Castle County,^ and took an active part in its 
deliberations. His name does not appear in the 
minutes after 7 Mo., 1690. In the doctrinal con- 
troversy between George Keith and the Friends 
he was an ardent defender of the principles of the 

At Philadelphia Monthly Meeting, 3 Mo. 26, 
1692, he "appeared before the meeting and Sig- 
nified his mind to leave this Province and desired 
a Certificate," but 8 Mo. 28th, "his inclination 
for removal of his family at present is ceased." 
He had now become much reduced in circum- 
stances, so that at the above meeting a commit- 
tee was directed "to look into his necessity and 

^Publications of the Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania, I., No. 4 

' Penna. Archives, 2d Series, IX., 648. 
'Co/. Rcc. of J'entia., I., 268. 

Some Prominent Irish Friends 2 7 1 

relieve him out of the pubhc Stock." He^ died 
7 Mo., 1693, and was buried at Philadelphia on 
the 23d.- 

Nicholas Newlin, who represented Chester Nicholas 
County in the Provincial Council from 1685 to 

1687, inclusive,^ had resided for many years prior 
to his emigration within the limits of Mountmel- 
lick Meeting, Queen's County, Ireland. F"rom 
Stockdale's^ account of his sufferings for tithes, 
and from other sources, it is evident that he was 
a prosperous farmer with large flocks and herds 
and several servants. 

In 1680, there were taken from him for tithes, 
seventeen "truckle-loads of Hey, and nineteen 
sheaves of Beans, and thirty-three sheaves of small 
Barly, all worth one pound one shilling" ;'' seven- 
teen "fleeces of Wooll" and five lambs, valued at 
£,\. 7 s. The church-wardens took from him, 4 

'Whiting (Memoirs, 131-2) says: " V.'illiam Stockdale an ancient 
Publick Friend formerly belonging to Charlemount Meeting in the North 
of Ireland . . . removed to Pennsylvania in the year 1687 (?) and was 
concerned in the Controversie with G. Keith and there died . . . 1693." 

2 Rfgislers Philadelphia Mo. Mtg. 

^ Penjia. Archives, 2d Series, IX., 625. 

*The Great Cry of Oppression , 155, 156. 

''Ibid., 155- 

272 Ininiigration of the J risk Quakers 

Mo. 13, 6 lambs worth 1 5 s.; 4 Mo. 23, three fleeces 
of "Wooll," eight "Lambs fleeces" and some 
coarse wool, worth 5 s. 4 Mo. 25, church officers 
"brought a pair of Sheep-shears and took a Sheep 
and shore it, then the said Nicholas caused the 
Pen to be broken, and the Sheep to be drove out, 
as he had done before, to hinder their intent ; the 
said persons struck many blows with a stick on 
the Backs, Arms and Hands of those that drove 
out his Sheep ; afterwards the said persons penned 
up the Sheep again, and shore and carried away 
with them five fleeces of Wooll," in all valued at 

With the hope of ending these persecutions he 
made ready to remove with his family to Pennsyl- 
vania. Mountmellick Meeting sisfned a certificate 
for him and his family, 12 Mo. 25, 1682, stating, 
as we have seen on page 58, that he had "walked 
honestly," but that Friends were " generally dis- 
satisfied with his so removing, he beine so well 
settled with his family, and having sufficient sub- 
stance for food and raiment . . . ; but our Godly 
jealousy is that his chief ground [for removal] is 
fearfulness of sufferings here." He sailed the 
early part of 16S3, in the Levee of Liverpool, 
James Kilner, Master,^ and settled on a large 
tract of land in Concord, now Delaware County. 

' The Great Cry of Oppri-ssion, 156. 
'Colonial Records, I., 79-So. 


Springfield Meeting House. Delaware County. Built 1738, Taken Down, 1850 

From a Drawing bv John Sartatn, 1837 

Some Promineni Irish Friends 273 

Here he built a mill and became an important 
man in the affairs of the meeting and neighbor- 
hood. Meetings were held at his house as early 
as 1687, and after his death were continued for a 
number of years at his widow's. For a time he 
served as Judge of the Chester County Courts. 
He died in Concord, May, 1699.^ 

We have already mentioned his son Nathaniel Nathaniel 
Newlin, the owner of Newlin Township. He was ^^^^^ 
born about 1 660, and came from Ireland with his 
father. He resided in Concord, and was also a 
prominent character. In 1698, he was elected to 
the Provincial Assembly from Chester County, 
and was re-elected several times. In 1700, he 
was one of the committee to consider and draw 
up a new Frame of Government and to revise the 
laws. He was subsequently appointed one of the 
Commissioners of Property and a Judge of the 
County Courts. In 1722, he became one of the 
Trustees of the General Loan-Office of the Prov- 
ince. He died in May, 1729.- 

Lydia Darragh,^ of Philadelphia, the well-known Lydia 
heroine of the Revolution, who risked the safety °^™2i» 
of herself and family to give General Washington 

' Futhey and Cope, History Chester County, (iit<). 

2 Ibid., 669. 

iSSee Lydia Darragh, of the Revolution, by Henry Darrach, in Penna. 
Mag., XXIII., 86-91; Hazard's Register, I., 48; Appleton's Cyelo- 
padia of American Biography, \\., 79, etc. 

2 74 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

warnincT of the intended attack of the British on 
his army at White Marsh, in 1777, was an Irish 
Quaker. She was born about 1729, the daughter 
of John Barrington, a Friend, of DubHn, and was 
married 11 Mo. 2, 1753, at Friends' Meeting, in 
Sycamore Alley, Dublin, to William Darragh (born 
about 1 7 19) of the same city. They came to 
Philadelphia about i 765 and lived, it is thought, 
on Second Street, below Spruce. 

William Darragh died 6 Mo. 8, 1783, and his 
widow, on April 22, 1786, purchased a house on 
the west side of Second Street, between Market 
and Chestnut Streets, where she resided and kept 
a shop. She died 12 Mo. 28, 1789, and, although 
she had been disowned from the Society for neg- 
lecting to attend meetings, she was buried in 
Friends' burial ground at Fourth and Arch Streets. 
The inventory of her estate amounted to ^1628 
1 7 s. 9 d. In her will she mentions her son Charles 
Darragh, who served in the American Army, as 
"Ensign in Second Penna Feby 1777 and ist 
Lieut retired i July 1778."' I'or this breach of 
discipline he was disowned by Philadelphia Monthly 
Meeting, in 1781.^ 

We have now noticed a group of Irish Quakers 
who were most conspicuous and influential in the 
governmental affairs of Pennsylvania during the 

' For record of descendants of Lydia Darragh, see Pfniia. Mag., 
XXIII., 90-91. 

Sotne Promment Irish Friends. 275 

Quaker regime, 1682-1756. Many others of 
prominence have been referred to in the chapter 
on " Places of Settlement," and still others receive 
attention in the Appendix. 

While outnumbered by the English and Welsh contribution 
Quakers, these Irish Quakers compare favorably Quakers 
in the performance of public services ; for they 
gave to the Province eight Provincial Councillors, 
three acting Governors, one Proprietar}^ Secre- 
tar}f, two Receivers-General, one Register- 
General, one Surveyor-General, one Provincial 
Treasurer, one Chief Justice, three Judges, one 
Master of Chancery, two Keepers of the Seal, 
twenty-two Justices of the Peace, eighteen As- 
semblymen, two Sheriffs, one County Treasurer 
and three Maj'ors of Philadelphia.^ Serving in 
these important capacities in a province, which, it 
is significant to remember, was founded and con- 
trolled by Quakers down to 1756, and which has 
ever been of foremost rank in the union of States, 
the Irish Quakers have had a strong formative 
influence upon our State and national institutions, 
and thus have been important factors in stamping 
upon these institutions imperishably the doctrines 
of civil and religious liberty. 

Nor did the Irish Quakers play a less important 
part in the social order. Here also they were a 
distinct element of strength. Like most of the 

'^ Penna. Archives, 2d Series, IX.,621-800. 

276 Immigratioji of the Irish Quakers. 

Quaker settlers they were plain yeomen and 
tradesmen, springing from that great middle class 
of society which has ever been the stay and 
strength of Britain, not only upon the field of 
battle but also in the pursuits of peace. They 
had escaped from a land of contest, imprison- 
ment, disaster, and suffering, and found within 
the Quaker commonwealth religious freedom and 
economic opportunity. Their thrift and energy 
made them a substantial and stable part of the 
population ; and their principles as exemplified in 
their lives have entered into the bone and sinew 
of our Republic. 


List of Certificates of Removal from Ireland Re- 
ceived AT the Monthly Meetings of Friends in 
Pennsylvania, 1682-1750; With Genealogical Notes 
from Friends' Records of Ireland and Pennsyl- 
vania, Genealogies, County Histories, and Other 
Books and Manuscripts. (See Bibliography.) 


Established in 1682. 

Thomas Holme, from Meeting at Waterford City, Ireland, 
dated 11 Mo. 29, 1681. See notice of him, pages 247-256. 

John and Joseph Low, from Men's Meeting at Ballyhagen, 
Parish of Kilmore, County Armagh, Ireland ; dated 5 Mo. 
31, 1682. 

In 1679, John Loe, of Parish of Terterj'an, County Armagh, suf- 
fered persecution for tithes. — Stockdale, A Great Cry of Oppres- 
sion, 125. 

Archibald Michael [Mickle] , from Men's Meeting at Rich- 
ard Boyes' house, near Lisburn, County Antrim, Ireland, 
dated 6 Mo. 2, 1682. 

Archibald Mickle, cooper, was married at Philadelphia, in 1686, 
to Sarah Watts. Four years later he purchased from Robert 
Tur.T ;r a tract of 250 acres in Newton, and removed thither from 
Phr idelphia. He died there in 1706, his wife Sarah surviving 
hi- .. His children were : John, m. Hannah, daughter of Wil- 
1' m Cooper, in 1704 ; Samuel, m. Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph 
Cooper, in 170S ; Daniel, m. Hannah Dennis, in 1711 ; Archi- 
bald, m. Mar>' Wright, in 1719; Joseph, m. Elizabeth Eastlack, 
in 1723 ; James, m. Sarah Eastlack, in 1732 ; Sarah, m. Ezekiel 
Siddon ; Mary, m. Arthur Powell ; and Rachel, m. Benjamin 
Cooper, in 1718.' 

'See Judge Clement's First Settlers in A\-iuton, 139-I48. (His own 
corrected copy at Hist. Soc. of Pa.). 


278 Imrnigration of the Irish Qiiakeis 

James Atkinson. — " 16S2, 9 ^„ The Antelope of Bellfast 
arrived here [Philadelphia] from Ireland. James Altkin- 
son arrived here and Jn° Ashbrooke his servant." {Penna. 
Mag., VIII., 329). 

He produced a certificate, dated 8 Mo. 23, 1681, from Friends 
at Drogheda [Ireland] to Philadelphia Mo. Mtg. At Phila. Mo. 
Mtg.. I Mo. 6, 1683. " Several Certificates were brought into the 
meeting & Produced, amongst which there was a certain Certifi- 
cate, dated from Clanbrazill [probably Lurgan Meeting] in the 
County of Armagh in Ireland, touching one James Atkinson (who 
now resides at Griffith Jones's) his coming into this province con- 
trary to the Consent of friends of the meeting whereunto he be- 
longed, whom friends by the aforesaid Certificate signifyed to be 
very much in Debt, and C». " 

AttheMo. Mtg., 5 .Mo. 3, 1683, " Agreed that Thomas Holme, 
Thomas Wynne and Griffith Jones do satisfy by a few lines, the 
friends of the meeting at Canbrazill concerning James Atkinson, 
as touching his departure out of England and Ireland into Penn- 
sylvania " In 1684, he married Hannah, widow of Mark Newbie, 
of Newton Meeting, .N J. James Atkinson, of Philadelphia, shop- 
keeper, being aged, made his will 2 Mo. 16, 1711 (probated Sept. 
6, 1711) and mentions son Thomas. 

In 1655, William Edmundson (Jrurnal. 20) says, " We came 
to a Widow Woman's House, one Margery Atkinson, a tender, 
honest Woman, whose House [near Killmore, County Armagh] 
I had been at before : She was convinced of the Truth and re- 
ceived us lovingly. So we had a Meeting there ; the tender 
People thereabouts generally came to Meeting, most of them re- 
ceived the Truth . . . We settled a Meeting there, which 
became large." In 1660, for a demand of 8s. 4d. tithes, Mar- 
gery Atkinson had taken from her two cows worth ^3, los. 
(Besse II.. 467). 

Dennis Rochford, son of William Rochford, was born in 
Emstorfey [Enniscorthy] Co. Wexford, Ireland, about 

He became a Friend about 1662. According to Besse's Siifftr- 
j«^i (II., 476) he and other Friends being "assembled in their 
usual Meeting-place in Bride-street [Dublin, in 1669,] were taken 
thence" and committed to prison for five weeks, and also im- 
prisoned in Wicklow "Gaol," in 1670, for attending a meeting 
at the house of Thomas Trafford, in Wicklow {Ibid., 479). 

He " went into England and landed in Whitehaven in Cumber- 
land the 30th of the 3d month, 1675 ; dwelt in Brighthelmston in 

Philadelphia Monthly Meeting 279 

Sussex 3 years and kept a grocer's shop, and came into the prov- 
ince of Pennsilvania with Mary his wife. Daughter of John Heriott, 
of the parish of hostper poynt [Hvirstpierrepoint] in Sussex in 
Old England (she was Born on the 14th of the 3d month [16] 52) 
in the ship called the Welcom. Robert Greenaway comander, 
with two servants, Tho : Jones & Jeane Mathews : the said 
Dennis' two daughters, Grace and Mary Rochford, dyed upon the 
seas in the said ship ; Grace being above 3 years old and 
Mary being 6 months old : the said Dennis Rochford Landed 
with his family in Pennsilvania about the 24th day of the Sth 
month 16S2 [not so early by a few days] Mary Rochford the 
second daughter of Dennis & Mary Rochford was born in the 
Province of Pennsilvania at Egely poynt, in the county of Phila- 
delphia, the 22th of the Sth mo. 1683, between 10 & 1 1 at night, 
she being the second daughter of that name ' ' (Hist, of Chester Co. , 
23 ; Pcnna Mag., VIII., 334). 

Dennis Rochford settled in Concord Township, Chester (now 
Delaware) County, where he had located a large tract of land. 
In 1683, he represented Chester County in the Provincial As- 
sembly (Dr. Smith's Hist, of Delaware Co., 497). Later, ap- 
parently, he removed to Philadelphia, where his name appears 
on the minutes of the Monthly Meeting, 5 Mo. i, 1684. 

Robert Turner and family, from Men's Meeting in the City 
of Dublin ; dated 5 Mo. 3, 1683. He be'ng " an Antient 
ffriend of this meeting" and "a Widdow man." See 
notice of him, pages 257-262. 

Philip England, certificate dated 3 Mo. 21, 1683, from 
Men's Meeting, Dublin, Ireland. 

Benj.amin Chandlee, unmarried, son of William Chandlee, 
of Kilmore, County Kildare, Ireland, from Edenderry 
Mtg., King's County, Ireland, dated 11 Mo. 18 [year 
omitted, but probably about 1701 or 1702]. Signed by 
William, Jr., and Nath. Chandlee. 

Benjamin Chandlee, son of William, of Kilmore, County Kil- 
dare, Ireland, came to Philadelphia and learned the trade of a 
clock and watchmaker with Abel Cottey, whose daughter Sarah 
he married, 3 Mo. 25, 1710, and about 1715 settled on a tract of 
land in Nottingham, Chester County, which had belonged to his 
father. There he built a smithy and made brass cow bells, then 
much needed. In 1741, they removed to Wilmington, Delaware, 
where he died about 1745. (See further account in Hist. Chester 
Co., p. 496.) 

28o Immigration of tlie Irish Quakers 

In 1676, in County Meath, one William Chanley, of Killncross, 
Parish of Trim, had his goods seized for tithes. — S/ock<iah\ 68. 

Christopher Pennock was married prior to 1675 to Mary, 
daughter of George Collett, of Clonmell, County Tipperary, Ire- 
land. After residing there and in Cornwall, England, for some 
time, he emigrated to Philadelphia about 1685, and died in that 
city in 1701. A son, Joseph, born at Killhouse, near Clonmell, 
Ireland, 11 Mo. 18, 1677, was a merchant in Philadelphia until 
about 1714, when he removed to West Marlborough Twp., Chester 
Co., and settled on a large tract of land, of which he became pro- 
prietor by virtue of a grant from William Penn to George Collett, 
his grandfather. In 1738 he erected a large mansion, "Primitive 
Hall," in which he died, 3 Mo. 27, 1771. (See pages 144-6.) 
By his wife, Mary Levis, he had twelve children, an account of 
whom may be seen in Hiitory 0/ Chester County, p. 680. 

According to Hesse's Siifferini^s of the Quakers, in 1660 (II., 
467), 1666 (II., 475) Christopher Pennock, of Cork, Ireland, was 
imprisoned for attendance at Friends' meetings, and in 1670, for 
the same reason, he had 49 yards of "stuff" worth £1, 9s., 
taken from him (II., 478). In William Stockdalc's Sufferings 
(p. 12), printed in 1683, he is mentioned as having 6s. taken from 
him for maintenance of a "Priest." In 1675, in Cork the 
"Priest" took seven shillings out of his "shop-box." 
— Stockdale, 60. In Cork, in 1676, Mary Pennock for keepmg 
shop open on Christmas day was imprisoned for one night. — 
^xocVAsXft, A Great Cry of Oppression, 231. In the summer of 1900. 
the writer saw the original MS. of Dr. John Kutty's Rise and 
Prof^ress of the (Juaiers in /re/and (in possession of John Pim, 
J.P. , a Friend, of Honaven, Antrim Road. Belfast), bound in a piece 
of old parchment, which on a hasty inspection seemed to be a 
seventeenth century deed, containing the names of Christopher 
Pennock and George Collett, both of Cork. In 1680, George 
Collett, of Clonmell, had seized for tithes six " Pewler Dishes and 
a Pewter Candlestick," valued at ^{^r. — Stockdalt. 165. 

The following extract from a IcUer, dated 2 Mo. 7, 1685, ad- 
dressed to Christopher Pennock, doubtless refers to George Collett : 
" Dear Brother Pennock. Myne and my wife's afTectionate love is 
to thee, and we arc heartily glad it is in thy wife's hart to be 
with thee, and that the way is made for her ffather's condescen- 
sion and willingness thereto." ^Pennock Papers, belonging to 
Mrs. William II. Miller, of Media, Pa.) 

John McComd, from Ireland, was at Philadelphia, in 1688. 

"To friends of the Monthly Meeting at Philledclpliy these are 

to Salisfie yu conserning John McComb who 1 doe understand is 

Philadelphia Monthly Meeting 281 

intended to take a wife Amongst yu that Soe fare as I know he 
came a cleer man from all wiming out of Ireland Save only my 
daughter which the lord was pleased to take out of the bodey 
to whom he should have ben maried if She had lived & about 
three nights before I came from my being in lerland his father 
was with me and as to his maridge left him to his owne liberty 
& choise this I Satisfie under my [hand] this 19th of the 6th 
month, 16SS. — Wm. Stockdall." 

"John Fuller, of the towne & Countie of Philadelphia," 
merchant, made his will 3 Mo. (May) 25, 1690, and it was 
proved 10 Mo. 5,1692, by Robert Turner, executor. Samuel 
Carpenter and Patrick Robinson were assistant executors. 
He leaves "To Elizabeth Cuppage,' of Lemsone [Lambstown, 
County Wexford], in the Kingdome of Ireland, my mother the 
sum of " ^ 130 "to be paid to her in Ireland," in "case the 
ship Tryatl in which I goe for England shall goe well home, then 
I doe give unto my sd mother further the sum of twenty pounds 
money aforesd— to Robert Turner younger — the sum of five 
pounds, and to Mary Turner, Daughter to the s<i Rob'. Turner 
S'' the sum of five pounds — to my friend George Keith of Phila- 
delphia, the sum of twenty Pounds — to Benj° Acton of Salem in 
West New Jersey — the sum of five Pounds — to my friend Sam" 
Carpenter — the sum of five Pounds — to John MacCombe — the sum 
of thirty Pounds — to my friend Patrick Robinson of Philadelphia 
— the sum of five Pounds, to the Poore of the People called 
Quakers in the towne of Philadelphia the sum of Tenn Pounds." 
Residue "of Estate, reall cS: Person, Lands, Letts, goods & chat 
tells to Robert Turner Elder of Philadelphia Mrcht." 

Witnesses : Andrew Robeson, John Vest, Samuell Buckley. 2 

GuiAN Stephens, unmarried, of Loughgall, Co. Armagh, 
Ireland, " hath from his Childhood been brought up 
amongst us." From Mtg. at Ballyhagen, Ireland, dated 
7 Mo. 5, 1700. Received 2 Mo. 25, 1701. 

William Abbott and daughter from Bandon Meeting, Ire- 
land, received 2 Mo. 25, 1701. 

1 Elizabeth, daughter of Joshua and Sarah Warren, of Colchester, Eng- 
land, b. I Mo., 1627, m. first, 5 Mo., 1645, Robert Valentine, who d. 5 
Mo., 1651 ; m. second, Henry Fuller, who d. 4 Mo., 1665 ; ra. third, 5 Mo., 
1667, Robert Cuppage, of Lambstown, Ireland. She d. at Ballina- 
carrick, 2 Mo., 1695. Her son John Fuller was b. 1657. Her daughter 
Mary Fuller, b. 1653. m. Henry Hillary, and d. 8 Mo., 1697. 

^ Publications of thi Genealogical Socitly 0/ Pennsylvania, Vol. I., 81-82. 

282 Immigratio7i of the Irish Quakers 

James Logan, single man, "now of Pensilvania, Late of 
this Citty have Desired a Certificate from this meeting." 
From Mtg. at Bristol, England, dated 12 Mo. 9, 1701. 
Original on file. See notice of him, jiages 237-247. 

Elizabeth Green, unmarried, from Dublin, Ireland, dated 
4 Mo. 26, 1702 ; received 4 Mo. 25, 1703. "Lived here 
in this City [Dublin] several years." 

Elizabeth and Elinor Arnold, unmarried, were "brought 
up by William Browne, an honest friend and at his Death 
he Left them Sumthing to live on and his Will Recomended 
them to ye care of us undernamed, they having no parents. ' ' 
From Wexford, Ireland, dated 12 Mo. 5, 1704. Received 
4 Mo. 29, 1705. 

Mary Wilson, unmarried, daughter of John Wilson, of 
Greenridge, in Coldbeck, Cumberland, England, " who for 
some years past hath Lived as a Servant in this Citty," 
intends "to Return into her native Contry again and from 
thence (if nothing Lett) to 'rrans|)ort herselfe into pensil- 
vania." From Mtg. in Dublin, Ireland, dated 10 ^Io. 19, 
1704. Also, another certificate from Coldbeck Mtg. Cum- 
berland, dated 11 Mo. 7, 1704, states that she "hath lived 
for some years last past in the Citty of Dublin and now 
Returned to her father's house." Thomas and John 
Wilson signed certificate. Received ii Mo. 25, 1705. 

Paul Woollfe, from Mo. Mtg. at Dublin, dated 12 Mo. 24, 
1706-7. Received 12 Mo. 28, 1706-7. 

Edward Skull, unmarried ("now Supposed in or about 
Pensilvania"), from Mtg. in Cork, Ireland, dated i Mo. 
9, 1706. He served his ajjprenticeshi]) with John Dennis, 
a Friend of Cork. Said Skull wrote to John Dennis for a 
certificate of removal. Original on file. Received 3 Mo. 
30, 1707. 

John Tanner, a letter concerning him from Lurgan Mtg., 
Ireland, dated 12 Mo. 26, 1706. He is now in Phila., 
and has married Mary Rea. Letter brought before the 
Mo. Mtg., 5 Mo. 25, 1707. Not recorded. 

Philadelphia Monthly Meeting 2 S3 

Mary Camm. She "hath had her Residence in this Citty 
from Childehood, has also been a member of our womans 
meeting for Several years." Her husband intends to go 
with her. From Mtg. at Cork, Ireland, dated 6 Mo. 23, 
1708. Received 10 Mo. 31, 1708. 

John Camm, "by occupation something of y' combing 
trade & some other branch of that manufactory." His vi'ife, 
two children, and servants; dated 6 Mo. 23, 1708, from 
Mtg. at Cork. Received 9 Mo. 26, 1708. A letter concern- 
ing him from Cork, dated 5 Mo. 4, 1709. Not recorded. 

John Camm probably settled in Philadelphia for a time, but 
subsequently removed to what is now Delaware County, where 
his name appears in a list of taxables in 17 15. On August 29, 
1716, then residing in Upper Providence Township, and styled 
stocking weaver, he purchased from Elizabeth, widow of Charles 
Booth, a messuage and one hundred acres of land in the said 
township, for a consideration of ^75. Mr. Ashmead in his 
Delaware County (670) is authority for saying that John Camm 
was the first stocking weaver in America. In 1732, Camm in- 
serted the following advertisement in the American Weekly Mit- 
cury, issued December loth. 

" Whereas, Matthew Burne, of Chester County, served John 
Camm two years (that is, ten or twelve months at stocking weav- 
ing and other work), during which time John Camm's stockings 
bore many reflections, and now the said Matthew Burne goes 
about selling stockings in John Camm's name as though they 
were his own make, which is false and not true. 

' ■ John Camm." ' 

Camm's will, dated September 7, 1736, mentions his wife, 
Mary, and son, Henry. 

Elizabeth Jacob, wife of Caleb Jacob, "has Lived in this 
Citty for aboute 7 years and have been a member of our 
womens meeting for a year or more." From Cork, Ire- 
land, dated 6 Mo. 23, 170S. Received 9 Mo. 26, 1708. 

John Peell, young, son of Luke Peell, of Loughgall, Ire- 
land. From Mtg. at Ballyhagan, dated 8 Mo. 17, 1708. 
Received 11 Mo. 28, 1708. 

In 1681, Luke Peel, of Parish of Loughgall, County Armagh, 
had goods taken from him for tithes. — Stockdale, 176. 

' Ashmead, 669-670. 

284 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

William Green, unmarried, a young servant. From Mtg. at 
Ballycane, County Wicklow, Ireland, dated 6 Mo. 8, 1708. 
Has lived some years with a Friend as a servant. En- 
dorsed by Dublin Mtg. 6 Mo. 15, 1708. 

Samuel Combe, "Late of ye Citty Corke, Cooper, having 
transported himselfe and family to Pensilvania at Such time 
as severall friends of this place were Removing to that 
Country and not knowing he Should goe with them, they 
Layd their Intentions of going before our meeting time 
nor Season afterwards did not offer for his getting a Cer- 
tificate to Cary with him wherefore Since his arrivall there 
he having writ unto a friend here to procure one for him." 
Said Samuel being a Bristol man, "came over into this Coun- 
try with his wife Some time after y' Wars ended to settle in 
Corke and follow ye Cooping trade and although he was observed 
to be a Laborious painfull man, y" world favoured him not with 
Success we hope and desire it may be better in that country 
whtre we suppose workmen of that Calling are not so plenty as in 
this nor materials to worke on Soe hard to be obtained as here." 
Clear in relation to marriage. Received 2 Mo. 28, 1710. 

Sarah Massev, wife of Samuel Massey, and daughter of 
Thomas Wight, of Cork, intending to go to America with 
"her husband and tender babes." From Cork, Ireland, 
dated 7 Mo. 18, 1710. 

In To the: Parliament of England (p. 1), issued by the Irish 
Friends, in 1659, Daniel Alasscy "aSouldier" for speaking a few 
words to "a Priest in the Steeple-house at King-sail," was im- 
prisoned. Also at the same time and |)lace .Sarah Massey for dis- 
cussing with the " Priest " in her own shop was put in prison. In 
1670, Daniel Massey " opening his shop in liandon-bridgeon Holy 
day was stoned and beaten." — (Holme and Fuller, A Brief Re- 
lation, 47.) In 1671, Sarah Massey, of Bandon, was imprisoned 
for keeping her shop open on Christmas day. — Stockdale, 209. 

Samuel Massev, tallow chandler and soap boiler, " having had 
Inclinations for severall years past (as he Informs us) to settle 
in " I'ennsytvania. " The cheife motive Represented to us 
for his Remove is ye want of trade to answer ye Rents 
here and charges of his family wch he hopes will be easier 
to him in that Country he is Industrious and Carefull, and 
his Conversation orderly having a wife and five children 
besides servants. " From Cork, dated 5 Mo. 17, 1710. 

Philadelphia Monthly Meeting 285 

" At our 3 weeks meeting in Corl<e 28 °° 171 1 upon ye Sorrow- 
full news of ye above Samuel Massey and family being taken by 
ye french whereby as he writes from Antegue he was deprived of 
his Certificate and Desiring the Coppy thereof to be sent him ; we 
ye under named doe Certifie that ye above is a Coppy of what we 
finde to be Coppy of ye originall Delivered the sayd Samuel Massey 
ye 1 8th 7th mo : past." Received 8 Mo. 25, 171 1. See page 93. 

Samuel Hillary, unmarried, son of Henry Hillary, of 
We.xford, County We.\ford, Ireland, was brought up a 

"When he was grown up his Desire was to go to Sea to wch 
his parents Consented, and put him apprentice to a friend, and 
he served him honestly to ye best knowledge and since he hath 
been out of his time he hath Continued at Sea, but some time 
agoe his uncle Thomas Cuppage a friend of good account with 
us Dyed, and left him part of his Reall Estate to ye vakie of a 
hundred pounds per annum, and he ye sayd Samuel hath further 
acquainted that he hath Intentions of mariage with one Jane 
Waterman in ye province of pensilvania to wch his parents have 
given there consent." From Mtg. in Wexford, dated 4 Mo. 10, 
171 1. Received 9 IVIo. 30, 171 1. 

In 1678, Henry Hillery, of We.vford, for 4s. "Poundage" had 
"one Iron pot," valued at 8s. 6d., taken from him. — Stcck- 
dale, 114. 

One Nathaniel Hillary, of Lurgan, and Grizell Miller, of Dun- 
clady, were married at the house of Katherine Henderson, in the 
town of Dunclady, 8 Mo. 23, 1706. — Minutes of Lister Prov. Mtc;. 

In 1670, one Christopher Hillary, "a Soldier in the Militia 
under Captain Draper, . . . being convinced of the Unlawful- 
ness of Wars and Fightings under the Gospel for that Reason 
refused to continue any longer in bearing Arms ; For this he was 
set on a Wooden Horse with three Muskets at each of his Legs, 
and after that Punishment, was committed to Goal." — Besse's 
Sufferings of the Quakers, 479. 

In 1670 "Christopher Hillary, of Shankill Parish [County Ar- 
magh] being one of the Militia, under Captain Draper ; and 
afterwards convinced of Truth, . . . and so for Conscience sake 
could no longer bear Carnal Weapons ; for which he was put on 
a thing called a Wooden-Horse, in Charliamount, with three Mus- 
quets at each Legg, and ordered so to sit till four inches of Match 
was burned, and afterwards committed to Goal," where he yet 
remains. — Holme and Fuller, A BrieJ Relation, 46. 

In 1680 in County Antrim, Francis and Marmaduke Hillery 
had their goods seized for \M^e.'s,.— Stockdale, 142. 

2 86 Immigratio)i of tJic Irish Quakers 

John Knight, unmarried, son of Thomas Knight, of Randon, 
County Cork, Ireland, dated 8 Mo. 22, 17 11, from meet- 
ing in Cork. He now resides in Philadelphia and has 
written to his father in regard to his certificate. Received 
I Mo. 2S, 17 12. Original on file. 
In 1678, in the City of Cork, Margery Kniijht had taken for 

tithes, "a Brass pot" (7s.), "a Brass Pestle and Mortar, with a 

small Platter," total value, l6s. ^yi'^. — Stockdale, // Great Cry 

0/ Oppression, 114. 

M.\RK Carleton and family, dated 4 Mo. 3, 17 11, froin Mo. 
Mtg. at Mountmellick, Ireland. He is " ye Son of an early 
Labourer (after ye breaking forth of ye Gospel day) in ye 
word and Testimony of our Lord Jesus, and his wife ye 
Daughterof honest friendsof thisraeeting. " Original on file. 
Received 8 Mo. 25, 1 71 1. He died in 17 11. See page 96. 
Thomas Carleton, born in 1636, in Little Salkeld, Cumberland, 
England, like his father spent much of his life as a farmer. He 
was one of the early converts to Quakerism and became an emi- 
nent minister of the Society. In 1663, for the non payment of 
tithes he was put in prison and kept there for several years. In 
1669, he married Isabel Mark, of Mosedale, Cumberland. About 
1674, he removed to Ireland and settled at Ballinacarrick, County 
Wicklow. In 168 1, according to William Stockdale (.-? Great Cry 
of Oppression, 252), Thomas Carleton, of P.ellynacarge, County 
Wicklow, had taken (2 Mo. 19) by the church wardens "one 
Brass pan and one Pewter dish," valued at 6s. 3d. for " repairinj; 
the Parish Worship-house at Rathdrum.'" The titles of several 
of his works, the first of which was The Capti-oe' s Complaint, etc., 
printed in 1668, are given in Joseph Smith's Catahs^ue (1.). He 
died at his house at Ballinacarrick, 9 Mo. 16, 1684, leaving a 
wife, at least three children, and several servants.' 

Mark Carleton, of Ballylickbo, son of Thomas and Isabella 
Carleton, formerly of Mosedale, Cumberland, married, 11 
Mo. 25, 1698, to Susanna Watson, of Ballymeane, at ICden- 
derry.' They removed to Pennsylvania in 171 i, producing a 
certificate of removal, dated 4 Mo. 3, to Philadelphia Monthly 
Meeting, 8 Mo. 25, 171 l. Mark Carleton apparently soon died, 
and in 17 13, his widow married Richard Parks, a settler in 
Goshen, Chester County. 

Thomas Carleton, son of Mark and Susanna Carleton, was 
born 9 Mo. 19, 1699, at Ballyhakcn, near Edenderry, Ireland, 

' Leadhealer, 92. 

' Records of Mountmellick Meeting. 

PhiladelpJiia Monthly Meeting 287 

and in 1720 settled in Kennett Township. Chester County, where 
he married, 3 Mo. 20, 1730, Hannah Roberts, widow of Robert 
Roberts, and daughter of William Howell, of Haverford. She 
was born 5 Mo. 17, 1689, and died 5 Mo. 6, 1758. Thomas died 
9 Mo. 30, 1792.' He and his wife were active members of Ken- 
nett Meeting, and both eminent ministers. Their children were 
Susanna, who married Michael Harlan, and Thomas, born 8 Mo. 
21, 1732, died 6 Mo. 26, 1803, who married, 10 Mo. 26, 1757, 
Lydia Gregg, daughter of Thomas and Dinah. Thpmas had chil- 
dren — Hannah (m. William Passmore,) Dinah. Martha, Mark, 
Sarah, Samuel, Thomas, Lydia (m. Abner Mendenhall) Thomas, 
and Caleb.* 

Benjamin Mayne. At the Mo. Mtg. g Mo. 30, 1711. "A 
paper of Condemnation against one Benjamin Mayne from 
the Monthly Meeting of Cork in Ireland was read." 

James Morris, unmarried, dated i Mo. 7, 1711-12, from 
Mtg. in Dublin, Ireland. Original on file. Received 5 
Mo. 25, 1712. 

Joshua Baker " (who for Som years past hath dwelt in this 
Citty)," dated 2 Mo. 13, 1712, from Mtg. in Waterford, 
Ireland. Original on file. Received i Mo. 27, 1713. 
Joshua Baker, b. Feb. 16, 1678 ; m. Margery Knight, of Ban- 
don Bridge, in Ireland. She was born July 15, 1690. They 
probably lived a few years in Philadelphia ; then some time prior to 
1728, settled in Christiana Hundred, New Castle Co. now Dela- 
ware. For account of descendants, see Hist. Chester, Co., p. 470. 
In 1677, one Thomas Baker, "of Clanfekiel Parish" had his 
goods seized for tithe by " by Andrew Clerke, for John Speer Far- 
mer of Tithe from the said Dean of Ardmagh." — Stockdale, 82. 

William Moore, unmarried, " who had his Education in this 
Citty." "A great Reson of his Removeall is for want of 
a good Imploy his trade being bad here." From Water- 
ford, Ireland, 2 Mo. 13, 1712. Received i Mo. 27, 1713. 
Original on file. James Moore signed certificate. 

'Jacob Pierce, of Longwood, East Marlborough Township, Chester 
County, notes in his MS. Diary, under date of 10 Mo. 2, 1792 : " Went to 
burial of our Antient friend Thomas Carlton who departed this life the 
30th of last month in morning & this morning the ground was Cover'd 
half inch deep with Snow." 

* Futhcy and Copt, 493. 

288 hnniigration of the Irisli Qiiakei-s 

Abigail Hethkrikc.ton. Her master is a Friend of this city 
with whom she has lived some years. From Dublin, i Mo. 
17, 1712-13. 

John Lancaster, unmarried, " Came about ten years agoe 
out of Cumberland into this nation (his parents being de- 
ceased) and was Convinced of Truth amongst us about 
three after since wch time he hath had his conversation 
here." Dated 4 Mo. 3, 17 11, from Mo. Mtg. of Mount- 
mellick, Ireland. Received 1 Mo. 26, 17 14. 

Isaac Barton, of Clonmell, cutler, and family, dated 3 Mo. 
16, 1714, from Six Weeks Mtg., at Killcomonbegg, Ire- 
land. Received 8 Mo. 29, 17 14. 

Francis Erott, unmarried, a Friend by birthright, from 

Ballycaine, Co. Wicklow, Ireland. Dated 4 Mo. 9, 17 14 ; 

received 1 1 Mo. 8, 17 14. His father consents to his removal. 

His mother is deceased. William Erott signed certificate. 

In 1676, in County Wexford, Francis Errot had goods (maslin, 
sheaves of white peas, hay, "one Barrel of Potatoes and a 
Lamb"), valued at ^1. 19s. 6d., seized for tithes. — Holme and 
Fuller, A Brief Relation, 72. 

Thomas Griffitts, unmarried. His father George Griffuts, 
of the city of Cork, requested a certificate for him. Certifi- 
cate from Mtg. at Cork, dated 8 Mo. 16, 1716. Also from 
a Mtg. in Kingston, Jamaica, dated 11 Mo. 21, 17 16. An- 
other letter, dated " Corke ye 17th of 8 mo : 1716," signed 
by George and P'rances Griffitts : 

"Esteemed friends Isaac Morris and Jonathan Dickinson these 
serves to advise you ; my son Thomas Griffitts wrote to me from 
ye bay of donna Maria that he was bound to Philadelphia and 
desired me to make application to our meeting for a Certificate of 
his Clearness in Relation to marriage." He a|)peared at Phila- 
delphia, 12 Mo. 22, 1 716. Certificate received i Mo. 29, 1717. 

Martha Griffitts, " who;e Husband of Late being settled at 
kingstown in Jaimaca and hath wrote for his wife to come 
over to him and she being willing to goe by an ojiertunity 
of Shiping that jjut into this Harbour by Contrary winds 
bound to Jaimaca." She was born of believing ];arents. 
From Cork, Ireland, 6 Mo., 6, 1709. Frances Griflitts 
signed certificate. Original on file. 

PliiladelpJiia ]\IontJily Meeting 289 

Robert Penrose, of Ballykenny, County Wicklow, wife 
jflary, two daughters, Margaret and Ann Penrose, and a 
single son, Christopher Penrose, who was brought up a 
Friend and bound an apprentice to a Friend in Dublin. 
(Christopher's certificate is dated 3 Mo. 21, 1717, from 
Two Weeks Meeting at Dublin. Original on file.) Re- 
ceived 8 Mo. 25, 1717. 

Rutty (page 128) says the Penroses of County Wicklow, Ire- 
land, became Friends in 1669. 

In 1673, in County Wicklow, Robert Penrose "because for 
Conscience sake he could not take an Oath to be a Constable, 
was committed to Prison" and detained ten weeks. — William 
Stockdale, A Great Cry of Oppression, 218. 

In the same year, Richard Penrose, for having questioned a 
"Priest" in regard to an address made at a burial was com- 
mitted to Wicklow jail for above a year. — Ibid., 218. 

In 1677, John Penrose, County Wicklow had his goods taken 
for tithes. — Ibid., 91. 

Rebecca Penrose, daughter of William and Margaret Penrose, 
of Waterford, b. in 1703, married Isaac Jacob, of Waterford, Ire- 
land, and died 2 Mo. 3, 1728. — Piety Promoted (Phila., 1854) 
II., 300. In 1716, Thomas Story (^Journal, 544) notes a visit to 
John Penrose, living near Ballycane Meeting, County Wicklow. 

Robert Penrose, son of Robert and Jane Penrose, born in York- 
shire, England, removed to Ireland, and in 1669 was married to 
Anna Russell. 

A son Robert, born in 1670, probably in Back Lane, Dublin, 
was married in 1695 to Mary Clayton, by whom he had thirteen 
children. With a part of their family they came to Pennsylvania 
about 1717. They lesided for a time in Philadelphia; then in 
Marple Township, now Delaware County ; and in 1734 took a cer- 
tificate of removal from Chester to Gwynedd Monthly Meeting. 

Christopher, son of Robert and Mary Penrose, m. 3 Mo. 1 7 19, 
at Middletown Meeting, now Delaware County, to Ann, daughter 
of Peter and Jane Hunter, of Middletown. Another son, Robert,' 
m., Sept. 13, 1733, Mary Heacock, at Springfield JNIeeting, now 
Delaware County. 

One William Penrose, who was probably a son of Robert and 
Mary Penrose, was married about 1738, under care of Exeter 
Monthly Meeting, Berks County, to Ann Wiley. About 1762, 
they removed to Warrington, York County, bringing a certificate, 

1 For a record of his descendants see Ellwood Roberts, Old Richland 
Families, 205. 

290 Immigratioti of the Irish Quakers 

dated 6 Mo. 24, 1762, from Exeter to Warrington Monthly Meet- 
ing, 9 Mo. II, 1762, where both William and Ann served as 
overseers. Late in life they removed to Huntington Township, 
now Adams County, where he died in the autumn of 1785 leaving 
his wife to survive him. She died 2 Mo. 26, 1804. 

Children: Mary, m. 10 Mo. 21, 1762, at Warrington Meeting, 
Thomas Kdmundson, son of Caleb and Mary ; Jane, m. 5 Mo. 3, 
1764, at Warrington, Jediah, son of John Hussey ; Phebe, m. 5 
Mo. 13, 1766, at Warrington, to Thomas, son of Thomas and 
Sarah Leech; Hannah, m. 4 Mo. 23, 1772, at Warrington, 
Samuel, son of Samuel John, late of Newberry ; Thomas, m. 5 
Mo. II, 1775, at Warrington, Abigail, daughter of David Cad- 
wallader, late of Loudon Co., Va. (children of Thomas and Abi- 
gail : Amos, b. 3 Mo. 13, 1776; Hannah, b. 4 Mo. 29, 1779; 
Ann, b. 6 Mo. 22, 1781 ; William, b. 5 Mo. 9, 1784); William ; 
John ; Susanna, m. 5 Mo. 17, 1 78 1, at Warrington, David Cad- 

Thomas Barger, wife and family, from Meeting held in 
Clonmell, County Tipperary, dated i Mo. 24, 1 716-17. 
Original on file. 

Joseph Wood, wife and family. Daughters Ellen and Sarah 
unmarried. He "was queried of concerning his Reasons 
for Removing and the weightiness of the undertaking (con- 
sidering his age) was Layd before him and then it was Left 
to Montrath Meeting (to wch he did belong) for what fur- 
ther might be needful and his wife was queried of by 
friends of Montrath perticular meeting Concerning the 
Reasons of there going and he gave account that they had 
Relations there and that he understood that his trade 
(wch is making parchment and glue) is far better there 
than here." From Mountmellick Mtg., dated 2 Mo. 8, 
1717. Received 4 Mo. 27, 1718. 

William Tayler, unmarried, saddletree maker, who now 
dwells in Philadelphia. Charles Howell, of this meeting, 
was written to by Friends in Pennsylvania asking for a cer- 
tificate for him. From Clonmell, County Tipperary, Ire- 
land, dated i Mo. 24, 1716. Received 5 Mo. 25, 

Miles Strickland, from Dublin Mtg., received 6 Mo. 29, 

Philadelphia Monthly Meeting 291 

Thomas Linsley (Lindley in Minutes), unmarried, a smith, 
lately wrote from Philadelphia for a certificate. He was put an 
apprentice in Dublin. After " he was out of his aprentiship 
he set up trade for himself at Ringsend near this citty." 
From Dublin, 11 Mo. 27, 1718. Received 7 Mo. 24, 17 19. 

Richard Hoy, unmarried, " an Irish man having lived three 

years and ahalfe with a friend of our meeting." Dated 12 

Mo. 7, 1724, from Richmond Mo. Mtg., held at Chantrey, 

County York, England. Received 12 Mo. 25, 1725. 

Samuel Vekner. — At a meeting of the Board of Property at 

Philadelphia, 8 b'r, 29th, 1725, " Sam'l Verner (from Ireland) 

requests the Grant of a parcel! of Land for a Settlement on Pecque 

[Pequea Creek, Lancaster Covmty] , he has set down for some time. 

He produces good Credentials, both from our Friends in Ireland 

and others. Sam'l Verner being dead, his Son David requests the 

Grant, 200 A's." — Penn a Archives, 2nd Series, XIX., 734. 

George and Elizabeth Deeble, children of Richard Deeble, 
of Cork, deceased. The father died "about three years 
and a halfe [ago] and Left nine small children behinde him, 
over whom ye care of friends of this Citty for theire good 
has not been wanting and Some of theire near Relations in 
Pensilvania having Lately given Some Encouragement to 
Receive Some of them if they were Sent thither, the above 
named George and Elizabeth ye two Eldest were very De- 
sirous to go with a younger Sister." Dated 2 Mo. 23, 
1722, from Mtg. at Cork, Ireland. Received 6 Mo. 31, 
1722. Original on file. 

In 1 68 1, George Deeble, of Cork, was imprisoned for refusing 
to buy firearms for the militia. — Stockdale 252. 

In 1677, at Cork, Jerom Deeble had taken " a pair of Andirons" 
(I2S.) and Richard Jacobs, two "Sledges" and a hammer (los.) 
in all valued at £\.i%. — Stockdale, A Great Cry of Oppression, 92. 
Letters of administration on estate of Jerome Deeble, of Chester 
County, were granted 10 Mo. 13, 1716, to Henry Miller and 
Isaac Bellarby. Henry Miller,' of Upper Providence, now Dela- 
ware County, in his will, dated 12 Mo. 14, 173 1-2, mentions his 
cousins George, Elizabeth, and Jane Deeble. 

' Henry Miller, of Bradninch, Devonshire, England, m. 6 Mo. 27, 
1702, at Mynehead, Somersetshire, to Sarah Deeble, of Alcombe, Somer- 
setshire, daughter of George Deeble (who m., 4 Mo. 17, 1669, Dorothy 

292 I))i)iiigralioH of the IrisJi Quakers 

Ann Clifton " who was Lately in your parts and came over 
to see her Relations here sum time agoe Is now Intending 
soon to Return in order to Dwell amongst you. ' ' From Dub- 
lin, dated 2 Mo. 13 and 14, 1724. Received 7 Mo. 25,1724. 

Robert Woodcock, of Lambstown, Co. Wexford, Ireland, 
and wife, who is a daughter of Jacob and Ruth Barcroft. 
Dated 1 Mo. 12, 1727, from Cooledine Mtg., Ireland. 
Not recorded. 

John Walby and wife Susanna, dated 2 Mo. 10, 1728, from 
Mtg. at Moat, Ireland. " He was born in England, & 
came unto this Nation [Ireland] in the Nature of a Scool 
Master. And first Settled with our ffrd Samuel Wattson in 
the County of Catherlough, where he removed for Som 
years, till he maried Susannah Russell Daughter to our ffrd. 
John Russell, of this Meeting. And lived amongst us more 
than a year, during which time his behaveiour has been 
orderly, he allso brought us good Certificates both from 
England and Carlow Men's Meeting" Signed by Mary 
Russell and two John Russclls. Received 7 Mo. 27, 17 28. 

Mary Boves, daughter of Jacob and Lucy Turner, was 
married 6 Mo. 17, 1720, in the Meeting House at Lurgan, 
to John Boyes. Dated 5 Mo. 30, 1729, from Lurgan Mtg., 
Ireland. Jane, Ann, IClizabeth, Sarah, John, Jacol), Thomas, 
and Samuel Turner signed certificate. Original on file. 
Received 11 Mo. 30, 1729-30. Not recorded. 
In 1681, Richard Hoys, Anne Richardson, and Robert Oliver, 
of I'arish of Magheramisk had their goods taken for tithes. — Stock- 
dale, A Great Cry of Oppression, 170. 

Ann Goodbody, unmarried; dated 5 Mo. 29, 1729, from 
Dublin. Received 10 Mo. 29, 1729. 

William Henderson. At Phila. Mo. Mtg., 6 Mo. 29, 1729, 
a letter, dated 2 Mo. 22, 1729, was received from Mtg. in 
Dublin, Ireland, enclosing a testimony of disownment, 
dated 11 Mo. 21, 1 717, against William Henderson, form- 
erly a minister. 

George Howell and wife, from Mtg. at Cork, dated 2 Mo. 
28, 1729. 

PhiladelpJiia Monthly Meeting 293 

Sarah Marshall, daughter of Richard and Deborah Marshall, 
dated 4 Mo. i, 1729, from Mo. Mtg. at Edenderry, Ire- 
land. Received 6 Mo. 29, 1729. Original on file. 

Lettice Hatton, unmarried, of this city, "was not educated 
in our Profession by her Parents they not being of us but 
she lived about seven 3'ears a Servant to sundry friends in 
this City who give a good report of her she having been 
five years & half in the frd' service in wch she is now 
likely to remove and for about four years past has frequented 
our Religious meetings." From Dublin, dated 5 Mo. 29, 
1729. Received 2 Mo. 24, 1730. Original on file. 

John Low, unmarried, " hath lived severall years servant to 
Robert Greer & his Son John till of late he removed him- 
self to Lurgan." Dated 2 Mo. 11, 1722, from Mtg. at 
Grange, near Charlemont, County Armagh, Ireland. 
Also a certificate, dated 3 Mo. 7, 1729, from Mtg. at 
Lurgan, Ireland. 

Ann Cunningham, and niece, Ann, unmarried ; dated 5 Mo. 
29, 1729, from Dublin, Ireland. The niece, Ann 
Cunningham, about sixteen years of age, "Goes over as 
Apprentice or Servant to and along with our Friend 
Thomas Millhouse and his wife. Also Elizabeth and Mary 
Cunningham, the small sisters of the niece Ann go with 
her." Original on file. Received 10 Mo. 26, 1729. 
Not recorded. 

In 1672, one Elinor Cunningham, widow, of County Armagh, 
had her goods seized for tithes. — Stockdale, 14. 

William Sandwith, unmarried, "who resided for some 
time in this City and is lately removed into your Parts." 
Dated i Mo. 24, 1729-30, from Dublin, Ireland; signed 
by Samuel Sandwith. Also a certificate from Wexford 
Mo. Mtg. held at Coledine, dated i Mo. 8, 1729, stating 
that he is "a young man who was Educated amongst 
frds from his youth & served an apprenticeship here hon- 
estly, and for some time past hath betaken himself to a 
seafareing Employ who wrote for a Certificate to our parts." 
Was at Philadelphia as early as 8 Mo. 27, 1727. Original 
on file. 

294 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

His grandson. William Drinker, writing about 1795, says that 
William Sandwith was a native of County Wexford, and de- 
scended from a family formerly seated at Sandwith, near White- 
haven, England. " He was between seventy and eighty years 
ago a merchant and ship owner of this city (Philadelphia), and 
sometimes commander of his own vessels." (^ee Extracts Jrom 
the Journal of Elizabeth Drinker, 3.) William Sandwith mar- 
ried Sarah, daughter of Martin Jarvis, an Irish Friend, of Phila- 
delphia. Their daughter Elizabeth, born in the house of her 
grandfather Jarvis, married Henry Drinker, and kept a diary 
(1759-1807), interesting extracts from which were printed in 1889. 

Dinah Bushby, from Mo. Mtg. held at Dublin, dated 3 Mo. 
6, 1729. Received 4 Mo. 26, 1730. 

Eunice Conolly, unmarried, about to remove along with her 
mother and relatives and friends into Pennsylvania. She 
was brought up a Friend, "but hath lived as a Servant to 
Severall Friends of this city." Dated 6 Mo. 12, 1729, 
from Mtg. at Dublin, Ireland. Original on file. Re- 
ceived I Mo. 27, 1730. 

John Alment and wife, and Mark Eves. — At Philadelphia 
Monthly Meeting, 10 Mo. 30, 1730, "A Certificate for 
John Alment & Wife [Elizabeth] to Friends at Bally- 
caine in Ireland was read & by order of the Meeting 
signed by the Clerk and sent to the Women Friends to 
Sign, being Indorst on the back of the Certificate they 
brought with them. Also a few lines were Indorst on the 
back of Mark Eves jun' Certificate, which he brought from 
the same place & is returned thither again." 

Hannah Hudson, unmarried, dated 4 Mo. 2, 1730, from 
Mtg. in Dublin. Went to Pennsylvania about a year ago. 
Original on file. Received 9 Mo. 27, 1730. 

Elizabeth Hawkins, dated 2 Mo. 6, 1731, from Dublin, 
Ireland. Received 5 Mo. 30, 1731. 

William Nicholson, unmarried, "of this City did some 
time ago remove himself from hence into your parts and 
hath since desired a Certificate . . . He was Edu- 
cated in the profession of Truth from his Childhood by 
his unckle Joseph Nicholson a frd of this City unto whom 

Philadelphia Monthly Meeting 295 

also he was bound an apprentice but before his time was 
out his unckle died and being inclinable to go to America 
his aunt, who was his Mistress, consented thereto and Paid 
his Passage." Certificate from Dublin. Original on file. 
Received 7 Mo. 29, 1732. 

In 1680, one William Nicholson, of Parish of Terterian, 
County Armagh, had his goods seized for \\\k\e.%.—Stockdale, 149. 

Isaiah McNice, widower, with a large family, who hath 
lived "within the compass of our meeting these Twenty 
years." From Mtg. at Cootehill, County Cavan, Ireland, 
dated 2 Mo. 21, 1736. Received 2 Mo. 24, 1736. 
Original on file. 

Sarah Smith, unmarried, dated 11 Mo. 25, 1731, from 
Dublin, Ireland. Received 4 Mo. 30, 1732. Not recorded. 

Ruth Steer, Jr., unmarried, "descended from an honest 
Parentage." Dated 3 Mo. 23, 1734, from Six Weeks 
Mtg. at Lisburn, in the north of Ireland. Certificate 
signed by Ruth Steere, Sr., Isaac, Catherine, Mary, and 
Richard Steere. Received 2 Mo. 26, 1735. Not recorded. 

Elizabeth Deane, dated 2 Mo. 10, 1736, from Ballinacree, 
County Antrim, Ireland. Received 6 Mo. 28, 1736. 

John Paterson, "who went from hence severall years ago 
& Since has resided in your parts is now about to marry a 
young woman amongst you and requesting a few lines from 
us by way of Certificate." He served his apprenticeship 
with a Friend of Dublin. Dated 3 Mo. 25, 1736, from 
Mtg. in Dublin, Ireland. Original on file. Received 8 
Mo. 29, 1736. 

Ruth Webb, dated i Mo. 31, 1736, from Mtg. in Lurgan, 
Ireland. She and Moses Shaw went "away from this 
place." Original on file. Received at Philadelphia 10 
Mo. 29, 1736. 

Roger Webb, son of Edward Webb, then of Dunmurry, 
Co. Antrim, and wife Margaret, was born at Dunmurry. about 
1622. He was by trade a wheelwright or turner. He was mar- 
led, 12 Mo. 3, 1649, to Ann, daughter of Adam "^nowcroft, "of 
hartfoord green now Charlo," in Lancashire, England and Mar- 
gery, his wife. Children : Edward, James, John, Edward (2), De- 
borah, Jonathan, Ruth, Mary, Roger. — Lurgan Records. 

296 hnmigratioH of llic Irish Quakers 

Sarah Wilcocks, wife of Issachar, "some ago remov'd with 
her 2'' Husband into the Compass of your meeting." She 
was " marry'd by a priest to her present Husband." Dated 
I Mo. 27, 1737, from Mo. Mtg. at Mountrath, Ireland. 
Received 11 Mo. 27, 1737. Not recorded. 

James Hill and "wife Margaret Hill alias Oliver." Dated 
5 Mo. 21, 1738, from Preparative Mtg. held near Ballin- 
derry, Ireland. Original on file. Received 10 Mo. 29, 
1738 ["they being lately removed to settle at Willings- 
town in New Castle County."] 

Mary Sharp "to Live with her Husband James Sharp, who 
Some time past left this City, and as we are Informed is 
Settled amongst you." Dated i Mo. 28, 1738, from Dub- 
lin, Ireland. 

Mary Erwin (lately married) with husband John Erwin ; 
dated 4 Mo. 19, 1739, from Dublin. 

Thomas Rook, unmarried, "Oranson to our Ancient and 
Esteemed Friend George Rook of this City." Dated i 
Mo. 12, 1739-40, from Mtg. in Dublin, Ireland. 
George Rooke, an eminent Quaker minister of Ireland, son of 
Thomas, was born at Boltonwood [parish of Boulton] in Cumber- 
land, England, in 1652. He lost his father when he was eleven 
years old, and his mother was left with several small children to 
support. At sixteen he was apprenticed to Thomas Drewry, a 
carpenter and joiner, one of the Society of Friends, and became a 
member of the Society. At about the age of twenty-five he ap- 
peared in the ministry and travelled much in that service. In 
1686, he removed to Limerick, Ireland, and married Joan the 
daughter of John Cooke. In 1693, he settled in Dublin. His 
wife died there, 7 Mo. 17, 1737 and was buried in Friends' burial 
ground on Cork Street, aged eighty four. He spent his declining 
years with his widowed daughter Rachel Carlton, and her children, 
and died 12 Mo. 7, 1742. — Riilty 334-7 ; Lcaiibcater, 212-226. 

Hugh Canady, unmarried, and family. The "Said Hugh 
frequainted our Religious meeting for worship from his 
Childhood, & Since his Wife's Decease (they being maried 
orderly amongst us) ha.s been Endusterous in Labouring 
for a livelihood for his Children, & some of them being 
Grown up has behaved prity orderly Considering their 

Philadelphia Monthly Meeting 297 

yeares." Dated 2 Mo. 3, 1741, from Men's Meeting held 

near Charlemont, Ireland. Original on file. Not recorded. 

See page 98. 

Hugh Kenedy and Elizabeth Parker, both of Grange Mtg. near 
Charlemont, were m. there, 9 Mo. 6, 1723. — Minutes of Ulster 
Province Altg. 

Abel Chamberlain, unmarried, served his apprenticeship in 
this city, dated 11 Mo. 26, 1740, from Three Weeks Mtg. in 
Cork, Ireland. Original on file. Received 3 Mo. 22, 1 741. 

James Moore, widower, dated i Mo. 6, 1 740-1, from Mtg. 
at Waterford, Ireland. Original on file. Received 4 Mo. 
26, 1741. 

Joseph Deane, unmarried, son of Alexander Deane, "who 
formerly resided within the Compass of this Meeting & 
has lately left this in order to Transport himself to Your 
Province he having been in sd Province before." Dated 
5 Mo. 14, 1740, from Mtg. in Antrim, Ireland. Received 
7 Mo. 25, 1741. 

Joseph Garnett, unmarried, of Dublin, dated 5 Mo. 27, 
1742, from Dublin Mtg. Original on file. At the Mo. 
Mtg. of Phila., 10 Mo. 31, 1742, he is reported as having 
returned to his home in Dublin. 

David Dean, "a young man who was born and hitherto 
Educated within the bounds of this Meeting." Unmar- 
ried. Dated 2 Mo. 25, 1747, from Mtg. in Antrim, Ire- 
land. Received 10. 25, 1747. 

John Nevitt accompanies his brother "into your parts." 
Dated 2 Mo. 28, 1751, from Moate, Ireland. Received 8 
Mo., 25, 1751. 

Patience Richardson, unmarried, dated 6 Mo. 28, 1750, 
from Dublin. Received 12 Mo. 27, 1751. 

Elizabeth Little sometime ago returned from this city to 
settle in Pennsylvania as a servant. From Dublin, dated i 
Mo. 12, 1750-1. 

John Tagart and wife Mary, dated 5 Mo. 11, 1750, from 
Lurgan, Ireland. 

298 Immigration of the Irish Qicakers 

John Britten and three children, Jacob, John and Susanna, 
all unmarried. From Cooledine Mtg., County Wexford, 
Ireland. Received 6 Mo. 31, 1750. 

William Johnson. "He served an apprenticeship to a 
merchant within the bounds of Lisburn Meeting." Dated 
6 Mo. II, 1752, from Ballyhagen Mtg., Ireland. Re- 
ceived I Mo. 26, 1753. 

Jamrs Eddy and wife, dated 5 Mo. i, 1753, from Dublin. 
Received 9 Mo. 28, 1753. 

Mary Anderson, wife of Samuel, late of this city, having 
some years since removed to Philadelphia. Dated 5 Mo. 
3, 1751, from Waterford, Ireland. Received 11 Mo. 30, 

Lydia Darragh, from Dublin, Ireland, dated 9 Mo. 17, 1765, 
she having removed thither with her husband and family. 
See pages 273-4. 


In Bucks County. Established in 1683. 

James Downey, received 6 Mo. i, 1711, "from friends in 
Ireland." Married Hannah Ellott in 1712. His certifi- 
cate is recorded in Certificate Book of Middletown Mo. 
Mtg. (See Middletown Monthly Meeting.) 


In Bucks County. Established in 1720, from Falls. 

Richard Church, received 9 Mo. 4, 1729, from Ireland, 
dated 3 Mo. 4, 1729. 

John Stephenson, received i Mo. 7, 1742-3, from Eden- 
derry [King's Co.] , Ireland. Also credentials from Friends 
in Chester County, where he has for some considerable time 
One James Stephenson, of Ballyhagen Mtg., and Mary Milikin 

of Monallan Mtg., were married, 12 Mo. 17, 1708, at Monallan 

Mtg. — Minutes of Lister Prov. Atlg. 

Wriglitstoivn Monthly Meeting 299 


In Bucks County. Established in 1734, from Buckingham. 

A certificate for James Dean and most of his family to Ire- 
land was signed 7 Mo. 5, 173S. 

Alexander Dean/ unmarried, received 11 Mo. 5, 1741-2, 
from Friends at the Grange in the north of Ireland. A cer- 
tificate for him to Ireland was signed 3 Mo. 2, 1741-2. 
A certificate for Alexander Dean' and 

James Dean, Jr., from the Six Weeks Meeting at Antrim in 
Ireland, was received 9 Mo. 2, 1742-3. 

Samuel Dean from same meeting, received 11 Mo. 4, 

John Dean, received 11 Mo. 6, 1746-7, from Six Weeks 
Meeting at Grange, Ireland. A certificate for him to Ire- 
land, signed 9 Mo. 7, 1749. 

'At Grange Meeting, County Antrim, 2 Mo. 7, 1740, "James Deaue 
Recomending his .son Alexander to this meeting for a certyfycate, he hav- 
ing a mind to Transport himself to America, a certifycate was this day 
signed, setting forth that the said Alexander Deane was in unity with 
Friends and free from Ingageraents in Relation to marriage" etc. 

At Antrim Meeting, 5 Mo. 14, 1740, "Ruth the wife of Alexander 
Deane came into this meeting and requested a certyfycate for her son 
Joseph who has lately left this in order to Transport himself to America, 
on which a certyfycate was drawn and signed setting forth his honest be- 
haveour, free of scandall &c, and altho wee could not say he was in close 
unity w"" us w"" respect to discipline yet he lived pretty much in love with 
friends, frequented our meetings for worship and was free of engagements 
in relation to marriage, wee recommend liim to the care of Friends in 

Alexander Dean and Ruth Wilkison, both of Antrim Mtg. , were mar- 
ried in the town of Antrim, 3 Mo. 13, 1713. — Minutes of Ulster Province 

2 A certificate for Alexander Deane to Antrim, Ireland, was signed at 
Wrightstown, 7 Mo. 3, 1745. At Antrim Meeting, Ireland, a certificate 
to America for Alexander Deane was signed 10 Mo. 27, 1760. 

300 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

In Bucks County. Established in 16S3. 

Ann Millcum [Malcum or Milcoml)] , certificate, dated i 
Mo. 31, 1682, from Ballyhagan Meeting, Parish of Kill- 
more, County Armagh, with her daughter, Jane (ireer, of 
Loughall, Parish of Loughall, County Armagh, Ireland, 
laid intentions of removal before our meeting, 4 Mo. 9th 
last, "Where the said meeting inquired of them the rea- 
son why they had a mind to such a great journey, having 
no man in their family e.Kccpt they might get a servant or 
servants, and having no want of things necessary for a 
livelihood ; the said Ann Millcum re])lied that her daugh- 
ter Jane had a great desire to go and being not willing to 
part with her, after such a manner, was rather willing to 
take her adventure with her other daughter, and so go all 
together, being accompanied with another daughter of hers, 
and her husband and children, with several neighbors also, 
and seeing it was her resolution to go as aforesaid." 
In 16S0, in County Armagh, Ann Malcum, widow, had six 

" car-loads of Hey " seized for tithes. — Stockdale, 149. In 1673, 

in County FJown, one John Malcum had his goods seized for 

tithes. — Ihid., 26. 

James Domey (dated 7 Mo. 25, 1709), of Parish of Ballin- 
derry. County Antrim, Ireland, " hath frecjuented our 
meetings several years and hath lived with an honest 
friend, one John Haldon nine or ten years." Unmarried. 
From Meeting held at Richard Boyes' (Ballinderry Mtg. ). 

Jane Hearlam, dated i Mo. 11, 1713, from Mountmellick 
Meeting, Queen's County, Ireland, " having dwelt among 
us about fifteen years, was educated by her uncle William 


In Montgomery County. Established in 16S3. 

Thomas Strickland, received s Mo. 28, 171S, from Dub- 
lin, Ireland. 

Gwynedd MontJily Meeting 30 1 

John Firth, received 9 Mo. 25, 1728, two certificates, one 
from London to Dublin and one from Dublin to Pennsyl- 

WiLLi AM Lander, received 4 Mo. 29, 1730, from Ireland. 

John, Thomas, and James Rose, received 5 Mo. 27, 1740, 

from Ireland. 

John Rose received a certificate to Buckingham in 1734. 
Later he was living in Germantown. James Rose received a cer- 
tificate to Buckingham in 1735. Thomas Rose m. Margaret 
Lucken, in 1738, and resided in Germantown. For many years 
he served as overseer and elder of Germantown Meeting and as 
clerk of Abington Monthly Meeting. He died 9 Mo. 17, 1785, 
aged 84 years and 3 months. 

Isaac Davenport, received 10 Mo. 30, 1734, from Ireland. 

Patrick Holland and wife from Ireland, received 7 Mo. 28, 

Patrick Henderson,' received 11 Mo. 3, 1708, two certifi- 
cates, one from Ballyhagan, Ireland, and the other from 
Long Island. See page 97. 


la Montgomery County. Established in 1714, from Radnor. 

Peter Cloak and wife, received 3 Mo. 28, 1723, one cer- 
tificate from Britain and the other from Ireland. 

Margaret Collins, received 6 Mo. 29, 1732, from Dublin, 

James Wood, received 8 Mo. 28, 1735, from Dublin. 

Rebecca Byrn, received 3 Mo. 31, 1737, from Ireland. 

At Newark Monthly Meeting, 3 Mo. 4, 1745. Rebecca " Burn " 
produced a certificate from Gwynedd ; but 4 Mo. i, 1745, the said 

'Jonathan Burnyeat [Diary, 41, London, 1857) states that on 10 Mo. 
26, 1705, he "came to Dunglody, to Katherine Henderson's house 
(Patrick's mother), where we had a meeting." In 1716, Thomas Story 
{^Journal, 537) notes that he came to the widow Henderson's at Dun- 
claudy, County Antrim. 

302 Imtnigration of the IHsh ^takers 

Rebecca ' ' being removed back again ' ' her certificate was returned 
to Gwynedd. 

One Joshua Bryne (b. in 1718, d. 7 Mo. 29, 1777). of Wilming- 
ton, Delaware, son of Daniel and Rebecca Bryne, was married, 
I Mo. 15, 1750, to Ruth Woodcock, at Wilmington. — Kennett 


In Delaware County. Established in 1684. 

Moses Coaxes and wife [Susanna], dated 3 Mo. 8, 1717, 

from Carlow Meeting, County Carlow, Ireland. He was 

brought up at Carlow from a child, and took his wife from 

among Friends in the Province of Munster. 

Moses Coates,' who has already been noticed on pages 154-155, 

settled at the site of Phcenixville. He and his wife Susanna had 

the following children: Thomas, m. 3 Mo. 21, 1741, Sarah, 

daughter of Henry Miller, of Providence, now Delaware County 

(children : Henry, Susanna, Jonathan and Samuel); Samuel, m. 

in 1743, Elizabeth Mendenliall (children : Aaron, Moses, and 

Isaac); Moses, m. Priscilla Hutchinson (children ; Sarah, Susanna, 

Phebe, Moses, Mary, John, Thomas, Mahlon, Priscilla, and 

Aquila); Benjamin, m. in 1756, Ann Longstreth (children : Jane, 

Susanna, Benjamin, and Tacy); Jonathan, m. Jane Longstreth 

(children : Ann, James, Hannah, Jonathan, Susanna, Phebe, 

Keziah, Grace, Isaac, Jane, and Elizabeth); Aaron ; and Elizabeth, 

m. John Mendenhall. 

Moses Coates, son of Samuel, and grandson of the emigrant, 
married in 1770, Hannah Musgrave, and after her death married 
Mary Vickers, by whom he had a son Dr. Jesse Coates, founder 
of Coatesville, Chester County. 

Thomas Coi;rtney, received 9 Mo. 12, 1742, dated 2 Mo. 

22, 1741, from the monthly meeting [Grange] held near 

Chariemont, Co. Armagh, Ireland. 

One Thomas Courtney, of Grange Mtg., and Ruth Trueman, 
of Lurgan Mtg., were married i Mo. 25, 1702, in the town of 
Lurgan. — Minutes of Ulster Prov. Aftff. 

In 1681, Toby Courtney, of Parish of Maherlin, County Down, 
had his goods seized for tithes. — Stockdale, 170. 

' Oae William Coats, of Ballenbagcrt, Parish Kilroore, Countjr Armagh, 
made his will, 8 Mo. II, 1697, and mentions his children Joseph and Sarah. 
John Coals wai a witness. i^RecordeJ in Friends Records.) 

Chester Monthly Meeting 303 


In Delaware County. Established in l68i. 

Thomas Jacob, received 6 Mo. 28, 17 10, from Cork, Ireland, 
endorsed by Darby Mo. Mtg. , Pa. 

Edward Thompson, received 4 Mo. 30, 17 12, from Lurgan 
Meeting, County Armagh, Ireland. 

John Saul, unmarried, received 3 Mo. 31, 17 14, dated 10 
Mo. I, 1713, from Two Weeks .Meeting, Dublin, Ireland, 
" from Cumberland in England Some years ago." 

Samuel Worthington, son of Robert, received 9 Mo. 24, 
1712, dated 5 Mo. 25, 1711, from meeting at Moate of 
Greenage, County West Meath, Ireland. 

Francis Jones, and family, received 6 Mo. 31, 1713, dated 6 
Mo. 17 1711 ; "about three years ago they came over 
here to Pembrocksheire [Wales] from Ireland and ever 
since did belong to our monthly meeting at Redstone." 

Thomas Coebourn, wife and children, received 10 Mo. 27, 
1714, dated 2 Mo. 11, 1714, from Monthly Meeting at Ca- 
shell. County Tipperary, Ireland. 

Thomas Coebourn (father of above Thomas), with his wife Eliza- 
beth, came from Berkshire, England, accompanied by sons Wil- 
liam and Joseph. They arrived at Chester in 1682, a short time 
before the first visit of William Penn, and settled on a large tract 
of land in Chester Township, which after the death of his wife in 
1688, Thomas conveyed to his two sons. William was married 
to Mary, daughter of Joseph Baker, in 1686, and Joseph to Sus- 
anna Churchman, in 1690. Thomas was a carpenter. For some 
time after his arrival he took an active part in the affairs of Chester 
Monthly Meeting. About the year 1687, he built a mill — the 
second on Chester Creek — which gave offence to Caleb Pusey 
and the other proprietors of the Chester Mills. — Smith's History 
of Delaware County, 454 ; Gilbert Cope. 

Joseph Coebourn, of Aston Township, now Delaware County, 
made his will 3 Mo. 28, 1723, and it was probated 4 Mo. 5, 1723. 
Mentions wife Sarah and children — Sarah, Dinah, Lydia, Susanna, 
Joseph, Thomas, and Elizabeth (Pedrick). 

Israel Acrelius in his History 0/ A^eiu Sweden (printed at Stock- 
holm, 1759), printed in translation in iZj6 (Memoirs of Hist. Soc. 
of Peniia., XI., 156), writes : "Joseph Cobern, in Chester, twenty 

304 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

years ago, had the blessing to have his wife have twins, his cow two 
calves, and his ewe two lambs, all on one night in the month of 
March. All continued to live." 

Benjamin Head and family, received 11 Mo. 28, 1716, a cer- 
tificate from Cork, dated i Mo. 17, 171 5, and also one 
from Charlwell, Ireland, dated 4 Mo. 10, 1715. 

Sarah Harris, [widow of Roger, and children, received 4 
Mo. 27, I 7 15, from New Garden Meeting, County Carlow, 

Alexander Ross, a Friend, migrated from Ireland, and set- 
led within the boimds of Chester Monthly Meeting, early 
in the i8th century. 

In 1706, he married Catharine Chambers, of Chichester, now 
Delaware County, and in 171 3 removed to Havcrford, in the same 
county. In 171 5, he returned to Chester Meeting, and from 
thence removed to New Garden Meeting, Chester County, where 
it seems he remained till about the year 1732, when he and a 
number of other Friends obtained a grant for 100,000 acres of 
land near the Opequan Creek, in what is now Frederick County, 
Virginia. To this place Ross and his assoiates removed, formed 
a settlement, and established Hopewell Monthly Meeting. Ross's 
children were Mary, Lydia, Rebecca, John, George, and Albeinah. 
— Dr. Smith's History of Delaware County, 497. 

James Hind, wife Ruth, and daughter, received 12 Mo. 25, 
1 7 16, from Moat Monthly Meeting, County West Meath, 

Rachel Coebourn, received 4 Mo. 25, 1717, from Killconi- 
mon Monthly Meeting, County Wicklow, Ireland. 

Peter Hi/Nter, of Ballenecarick, County Wicklow, Ireland, 
wife and daughter .\nn (unm.), received 6 Mo. 26, 1717, 
dated 11 Mo. 13, 1716, from Ballycane Meeting, County 
Wicklow, Ireland. 

Ann Weldin, received 9 Mo. 25, 1717, from Killcommon 
Monthly Meeting, County Wicklow, Ireland. 

Rebecca Starr, received i Mo. 31, 17 iS, from Carlow Meet- 
ing, County Carlow, Ireland. 

Chester Monlhly Meeting 305 

Robert Penrose, Jr., tanner, unmarried, received 3 Mo. 25, 
1724, dated 3 Mo. 10, 1721, from Dublin, Ireland. 

William Roeison, unmarried, received 3 Mo. 25, 1724, dated 
7 Mo. 16, 1722, from Ballycane Meeting, County Wicklow, 

One John Robinson, of Killageonahan, Co. West Meath, was 
married to Jane Lecky, of Kilmeany, daughter of Robert and 
Mary, at Carlow, 7 Mo. 19, 1733. She was born 2 Mo. 12, 1687, 
at Staplestown. — Records of Carloiv Mo. Mtg. 

Thomas Parke, who "lived Since his Convincement which 
is Nigh 40 years amongst us" and family. Two 
sons, Thomas and Jonathan are unmarried. Received 1 1 
Mo. 25, 1724-5, dated 2 Mo. 15, 1724, from Carlow 
Meeting, County Carlow, Ireland. See pages 69-79. 

Thomas Parke,' of Ballean contra Ballylean, County Cavan, 
born about 1660, was married. 10 Mo. 21, 1692, at New Garden 
Meeting, County Carlow, to Rebecca Warr or Ward, of Bally- 
redmond. She was born about 1672. Thomas Parke ^ was a far- 
mer in Ireland, and in 1720 owned some land in Ballilean, Bal- 
laghmore and Coolisnacktah. In May, 1723, he sold his stock of 
cattle and prepared to leave Ireland. On May 21, 1724, with all 
his family except Mary and Susanna, he took passage at Dublin 
on the ship Sizargh, of Whitehaven, Jeremiah Cowman, master, 
and after a rough voyage, as his son Robert notes in his journal, 
they arrived within Delaware Bay on August 21st.' Thomas leased 
from Mary Head (an Irish Friend) a property near Chester, as a 
temporary home, but on December 2d purchased from Thomas 
Lindley 500 acres of land in the Great Valley on the west side of 
what is now Downingtown, Chester County. He was an elder of 

'Children of Robert and Margery Park : Eleanor, b. I Mo. 2, 1 684, at 
Ballyredman, Co. Carlow ; Martha, b. 12 Mo. 3, 16S6, at same place ; 
Robert b. 8 Mo. 13, 168S, at same place; William b. 10 Mo. 11, l6go, 
at same place; Thomas, b. 11 Mo. 20, 1694,- at same place. — Rrcords 
Carlow Meeting. 

* Records of Carlow Meeting., Ireland ; History of Chester County, 673 ; 
Smedley Genealogy, 166-7 ! The Parke Family ( by James Pemberton Parke, 
printed in Chester County fournil, Downingtown, Feb. 8, 1868); copy of 
J. P. Parke's MS. history of Parke family. 

' There were ninety-four passengers aboard the vessel. 

3o6 Immigratioji of the Irish Quakers 

Cain Meeting and well esteemed by Friends. He died i Mo. 31, 
1738, and his widow, 6 Mo. 21, 1749. Children were: 

I. Mary I'arke, b. 7 Mo. 18, 1693, at Ballintrain. 

II. Robert Parke, b. i Mo. 23, 1 694, at Ballintrain, had been 
a storekeeper in Dublin, in 1720-1, but on his arrival in Pennsyl- 
vania he became a clerk and conveyancer in Chester. For some 
years he served as Recorder of Deeds in Chester County. In 
1727, he made a voyage to Bristol, England, and to Dublin, a ship 
companion on the voyage being Elizabeth Whartenby, a minister 
of the Society. In 1728, he made the return voyage bringing 
over six indented servants. He died Feb. 9, 1736-7, unmar- 

III. Susanna I'arke, b. 10 Mo. 22, 1696, at Ballintrain; re- 
mained in Ireland, unmarried. 

IV. Rebecca Parke, b. 11 Mo. 27, 1698, at Ballintrain; m. 
Hugh Stalker. Came over on the Sizargh with Thomas 

V. Rachel Parke, b. Dec. 26, 1700; m. Aug. 17, 1727, Wil- 
liam Robinson, who came from County Wicklow to Chester 
Monthly Meeting about 1722. 

VI. Jean Parke, b. April 6, 1703 ; died Apr. 12, 1705 ; buried 
at Ballikelly. 

VII. Thomas Parke, b. March 13, 1704-5 ; d. Oct. 17, 1758; 
m. 2 .Mo. 26, 1739, Jane, daughter of Jacob and Sarah Edge. He 
became the owner and landlord of the "Ship" tavern in East 
Cain. Children were Robert, m. Ann Edge ; Sarah, m. Owen 
Biddle, of Philadelphia, and had a son Clement Biddle, who m. 
Mary Canby ; Rebecca, m. William Webb ; Hannah, m. Benja- 
min Poultney ; Thomas, b. Aug. 6, 1749. m. in 1775, Rachel, 
daughter of James Pemberton, and became a distinguished physi- 
cian of Philadelphia ; Jane ; Jacob. 

VIII. Abel Parke, b. Feb. 22, 1706-7; d. July 2t, 1757; m. 

Deborah . In 1735. he built the "Ship" tavern on the 

main road from Philadelphia to Lancaster. 

IX. Jonathan Parke, b. April 18, 1709; d. April 5, 1767; m. 
2 Mo. 29, 1731, Deborah, daughter of -Abiah and Deborah 
Taylor, and settled on 200 acres of land in East Bradford, Chester 
County, conveyed to him by his father-in law. Children : Joseph ; 
Deborah, m. Samuel Cope ; Abiah ; Rebecca, m. James Webb ; 
Alice, m. Col. John Hannum ; Jonathan ; .Mary. 

X. Elizabeth Parke, b. Oct. 5, 1711 ; d. April 16, 1746; m. 
John Jackson. 

Jane Hunter, dated 3 Mo. 8, 1724, from Ballycane, County 
Wicklow, Ireland. 

Chester' MontJily Meeting 307 

Georoe Deeble, "A Youth who Came over hear about two 
years ago and brought with him a Certificate from ffriends of 
Cork in Ireland Concerning him and his Sisters giving 
Some account of the Occasion of their Coming over 
to Some near Relations of theirs in Province . . . who 
after Some Short Stay here went to Some of his Relations 
and lives within the Verge of your Monthly Meeting." 
Received i Mo. 29, 1729, dated i Mo. 26, 1725, from 

Mary Richardson, dated 2 Mo. 13, 1727, late from Ire- 
land, certificate from Bridgetown Monthly Meeting, Bar- 
badoes Island, West Indies. 

ISABELL Bell, received 7 Mo. 29, 1729, from Ballinderry, 
County Antrim, Ireland. 

Abigail Bell, sometime "from native country of Ireland," 
received 7 Mo. 25, 1732, dated 2 Mo. 11, 1732, from 
Cecil Monthly Meeting, Kent County, Md. 

Mary Ashton, wife of Peter, received 8 Mo. 30, 1732, 
dated 2 Mo. 30, 1732, from Mountrath Monthly Meeting, 
Queen's County, Ireland ; " was Convinced about two years 
ago and hath ever since Lived within the Compass of our 
Monthly Meeting, but now with her husband " is going to 

Joseph Sleigh, received 6 Mo. 26, 1734, from Monthly 

Meeting at Cork, Ireland. 

One Joseph Sleight, tanner, of Dublin, joined with Robert 
Turner and other Irish Friends, in the purchase of one share of 
West Jersey, April 12, 1677. — Book D, p. 240, Clement Papers, 
Hist. Soc. of Penna. 

Thomas Fawcett, wife Lydia, and three sons, Thomas, John, 

and Richard, received 9 Mo. 29, 1736, from Ballinderry, 

County Antrim, Ireland. 

One John ffawsett and Judith Thwayts, both of Parish of Shan- 
kill, County Armagh, were married 5 ;\Io. 19, 1682, at the house 
of Mark Wright. — Lurgan Records. 

Thomas ffawsett of Grange Mtg. and Lydia Boyes, of Ballin- 
derry Mtg., were married at the house of Richard Boyes, 4 Mo. 2, 
1708. — Minutes of Ulster Prov. Mtg, 

3o8 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

John Parvin, received 6 Mo. 28, 1732, from Moat, County 
West Meath, Ireland. He not "intending to reside here 
long it [his certificate] was returned to him and agreed 
he should have a few lines on the back of the said Certifi- 
cate when he returns if he request it." 

Nicholas Newlin, wife, and sons, Nathaniel and John, 
dated 12 Mo. 25, 1682, from Mountmellick Mtg., Ire- 
land. — Jackson Genealogy, p. 1 1 8. See biographical notice, 
pages 57-9, 271-3. 

Jane Hinkson, wife of John Hinkson, dated 5 Mo. 30, 1764, 

from Men's Meeting at Cootehill, County Cavan, Ireland ; 

received i Mo. 27, 1766. Certificate states that she was 

a "a Woman of an Easey, mild, modest behavior, Held in 

Esteem by friends and others ; Walked Orderly During her 

Residing here; was in unity with friends when she Left this. ' ' 

John Hinkson and wife Jane came from Ireland as early as 

1764. By deed of March 20, 1764, in which he is styled " of the 

city of Philadelphia, yeoman," he purchased from Charles Morris 

and wife two adjoining farms in Nether Providence Township, 

now Delaware County, for ^860. Towards the close of that year 

he was assessed with 200 acres of land and buildings, worth £\(> 

per annum, 3 horses, 4 cattle, 10 sheep, and 2 servants. He died 

about 1785, being survived by his wife and eight children : Jane, 

m. Thomas Dell Weaver ; John, d. 2 Mo. 17, 1 819. m. about 1784, 

Abigail Engle ; James, m. IJetty Crosley ; Thomas, m. 5 Mo. 11, 

1797, Mary Worrilow ; George, m. Catharine Fairlamb and went 

to Ohio ; Mary, d. unmarried ; Sarah, m. William Hawkins ; Ann, 

m. Joseph Dickinson. — See Cope's Smedlcy Genealogy , 209-10. 


In Delaware County. Established in 1684. 

John Fred and family, " late of Ireland," received 5 Mo. 13, 
1 7 13, dated 12 Mo. 25, 17 12-13, '^''om Carlow Meeting, 
County Carlow, Ireland. Children Nicholas and Rachel, 
are clear in a relation to marriage. 

Benjamin Fred, son of John, late of Ireland, unmarried, 
received 5 Mo. 1713, dated 10 Mo. 21, 1712. He returned 
to Ireland on business in 17 13, and remained perhaps a 
year. — Hist. Chester Co., p. 553. 


Concord MontJily Meeting 309 

John Fred, of Parish of Drumlane, County Cavan, was married 
n Mo. 6. 1685, at Behurbet to Catherine Starkey, of County 
Cavan. Children of John and Catharine Fred, of Drumlaine, 
County Cavan: Benjamin, b. 9 Mo. 5, 1687 ; Mary, b. 8 Mo. 2, 
1691, d. II Mo. 27, 1704, buried at New Garden ; Nicholas, b. I 
Mo. 2, 1694 ; Abigail, b. 2 Mo. 4. 1696, buried 6 Mo. 28, 1697 ; 
Rachel, b. 5 Mo. 29, 1698; Sarah, b. 7 Mo. 15, 1700, at Coo- 
lattin [Cooladine] ; John, b. 12 Mo. 20, 1703, at Coolattin. 
{Records of Carlow Monthly Meeting.') 

In 1 67 1, in County Armagh, John Fred had his goods seized 
by the "priest" of Loughall for tithes [Stockdate, 4). William 
Edmundson {Journal, 280) states that in 1706 he came "to En- 
niscorphy [Enniscorthy] and the next Day went to John Fred's 
and had a large Meeting in a Barn, it being on first Day of the 

John Fred and his family settled in Birmingham, Chester 
County, where John died March, 1 719-1720, and his widow in 


Catharine Fred, the widow, whose will was made 8 Mo. 23, 
1723 (probated 9 Mo. 12, 1723), mentions her cousins Mary 
Hutton and Deborah Starr and her brother-in-law, Thomas Jack- 

Benjamin Fred, son of John, was m. 4 Mo. 20, 1721, to De- 
borah, daughter of Simon Hadly, of New Castle County, and re- 
moved to New Garden, where he died in 1752, leaving no chil- 
dren. His sister Rachel married 4 Mo. 20, 1721, James Miller, 
son of Gayen, of Kennett, and after his death married James 
Miller, son of James and Catharine. 

Nicholas Fred, son of John, married about 1720, Ann, daughter 
of Joseph Need, of Darby. He lived in Birmingham and was in- 
terested in a mill there. Had children : Mary, John, Joseph, 

Joseph Fred was married 10 Mo. 18, 1753, to Sarah, daughter 
of Joshua Hadly, then of Virginia. He removed to the neighbor- 
hood of New Garden, and had children : Mary, Ann, Benjamin, 
Joseph, Joshua, Thomas, and Nicholas. — Futhey and Cope, 
Hist. Chester County, 553-4. 

John Vaston, "late of Ireland," received 8 Mo. 10, 1715, 
dated 2 Mo. 27, 1714, from Dublin, Ireland. 

Abraham Widdos, received 2 Mo. 7, 17 18, from Mount- 
mellick Meeting, Queen's County, Ireland. He married 
Elizabeth Pyle, in 1720, and in the same year was recom- 
mended as a minister. 

3 1 o Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

Daniel Moore and wife, late of Ireland, received ii Mo. 7, 
1722, from a " Select meeting held at Balynacree," County 
Antrim, Ireland. 

John Neviets, late of Ireland, received 3 Mo. 3, 1725, 
dated 3 Mo. i, 1724, from Dublin, Ireland. 

Joseph Gawin, received 2 Mo. i, 1731, dated 3 Mo. 10, 
1730, from Monthly Meeting at Edenderry, King's County, 

John Jackson, received i Mo. 5, 1732-3, dated 3 Mo. 10, 
1730, late of Ireland, from Edenderry Meeting, King's 

Amos Boaks, unmarried, received i Mo. 5, 1732-3, dated 2 
Mo. 30, 1732, from Monthly Meeting at Mountrath, 
Queen's County, Ireland. 

Amos Boake, of East Cain Township, Chester County, made 
his will Oct. 9, 1750, and it was probated Nov. 2, 1751. He 
mentions his wife Sarah, his brother Abel Boake and his daugh- 
ter Anne Boake. 

Thomas Marshall, received i Mo. 7, 1736-7. " friends in 
Ireland Sent a few Lines of Recomendation to friends here 
[Concord] Concerning a Servant boy that Came here and 
is in the Servis of William Trimble his name is Thomas 
Marshall he came with the Consent of his Mother & rela- 
tions which was Signed by the Consent of friends of 
Dublin Meeting." 

George Wilson, received i Mo. i, 1 741-2, dated 3 Mo. 
14, 1740, wife [Ruth] and children, from [Grange] Meet- 
ing, near Charlemont, County Armagh, Ireland. 

George Wilson,' b. about 171 5, and Ruth Douglas, widow, b. 
about 1709, were complained of, 11 Mo. 3, 1738, by the meeting 
at Grange near Charlemont, for marriage by a ■•priest," ■' V' S'' 
Ruth Duglass being formerly married orderly amongst us." 
They produced an acknowledgment, 3 Mo. 14, 1740, and there- 

' In 1681, John Wilson, a Friend, of Antrim, had bis goods seized for 

Nezvark or Kennett Monthly Meeting 3 1 1 

upon a certificate of removal to Pennsylvania was signed for them. 
This certificate was received by Concord Monthly Meeting, now 
Delaware County, I Mo. I, 1741-2. About 1747, they removed 
to what is now Adams County, bringing a certificate, dated 3 Mo. 4, 

1747, from Concord to Warrington Monthly Meeting, 2 Mo. 16, 

1748, and settled on a farm in Menallen Township, near the site 
of Bendersville (formerly called Wilsonville), where he died 9 Mo. 
15, 1785, and his wife Ruth, 7 Mo. 12, 1784. Children : Alice, 
b. 7 Mo. 10, 1741 ; Benjamin, b. 7 Mo. 20, 1743; Sarah, b. i 
Mo. 15, 1745 ; Lydia, b. 2 Mo. 30, 1747. 

Of these, Benjamin Wilson m. 12 Mo. 14, 1774, at Menallen 
Meeting, Sarah, daughter of Thomas and Jane (Edwards) Bowen. 
Children were : (i) Ruth, b. II Mo. i, 1785, d. 5 Mo. 7, 1848, 
m. James Mather; (2) Mary, b, 9 Mo. 13, 1780, unmarried ; (3) 
Alice, b. 12 .Mo. 6, 1782, d. 8 Mo. 12, 1834, m. John Wright; 
(4) Sarah, b. i Mo. 29, 1785, d. 2 Mo. i, 1B55, m. William Gar- 
retson (removed to Bedford County); (5) George, b. 3 Mo. 10, 
1778, m. 5 Mo. 30, 1798, m. Sarah Wright, daughter of John and 

John Wilson, of Grange Mtg. near Charlemont and Mary 
Wilson, of Lurgan Mtg. were married at Lurgan, 9 Mo. 6, 1700. 

John Wilson and Alice Whitefield, both of Grange Mtg. near 
Charlemount, were married 11 i\lo. 16, 1705, at Grange. — Min- 
uies of Ulster Province Mtg. 

At Ulster Province Meeting, 9 Mo. i, 1701, it is reported that 
John Wilson has offered a convenient place to build a meeting 
house in the town of Antrim. 

" Att a Province mens meeting held at Richard Boyes [Parish 
of Ballindery, Co. Antrim] ye 24th 1 1 Mo. 1701, Thomas Wilkin- 
son advises this meeting yt ye Lord Masserdden is willing that 
friends have yt part of John Willsons houlding in Antrim to build 
a meeting house upon." 


Of Chester County, Pa., and New Castle County, Delaware. 
Established in 16S6. 

Valentine Hollingsworth, wife Ann, and children came 
over to Pennsylvania in 1682, from Balleniskcrannell, Parish 
of Sego, County Armagh, Ireland, and settled in New 
Castle County on Delaware. 

3 1 2 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

Henry Hollingsworth, son of Valentine, came over from 
Ireland in 1683, in the Ship Lion, as an indented servant 
to Robert Turner. — Fenn' a Mag. VIII., 334. 

Valentixr Hollingsworth,' son of Henry Hollingsworth, of 
Belleniskcrannell. Parish of Segoe, County Armagh, Ireland, and 
Catharine, his wife, was born at Belleniskcrannel, ' ' about the sixth 
month in the yeare 1632"; was married 4 Mo. 7, 1655, to Ann 
Ree, daughter of Nicholas Ree,^ of Tanderagee, County Armagh. 
She was born about 1628, at Tanderagee, and died 2 Mo. i, 1671. 
He then was married a second time, 4 Mo. 12, 1 672, to Ann Cal- 
vert, daughter of Thomas Calvert, of Dromgora, Parish of Segoe, 
County Armagh, and Jane his wife. The following is a copy 
of the marriage certificate : 

" ttbiS is to CCrtifle the truth to all people that \'alentine Hollen- 
worth^ in y' psh of Sego in y' county of Armagh, and Anne Cal- 
vert of the same psh having intentions of marriage according to 
the ordinance of God, and Gods joining, Did lay it before mens 
meeting before whom theire marriage being propounded, then y 
meeting desired them to wait some time, w'^" they did, so the 
meeting makeing inquiry between the times whether y'' man be 
free from all other women, and the woman free from all other men, 
and so the second time they comeing before the mens meeting, 
all things being found clear, so they being left to theire freedome. 
A meeting of the people of god being appointed and assembled 
together at the house of Marke Wright, in the psh of Shankell the 
twelfth day of the fourth month in y' yeare 1672 whene they tooke 
one another in marriage in the presence of god and of his people 

' The records of this family in Ireland are from the registers of I.urgan 
Meeting, County Armagh. There is, of course, no foundation for the tra- 
dition that Valentine Hollingsworth married Catharine, daughter of Henry 
Cornish, High Sheriff of London, who was executed in 1685. It is prob- 
able that the Hollingsworths went over from England to Ireland with other 
planters early in the seventeenth century, but there is no proof to show 
that they came from Cheshire, as stated by some historians of the family. 
For an extended record of descendants of Valentine Hollingsworth see 
HoUingnvorth Gintalogical Memoranda, by William B. Hollingsworth 
(Baltimore, 1884); also see McFarlah-Slern Gentalogy, 6-II, 56-60, 
History of Chester County, 605. 

2 In j68l, one John Rea, of Parish of Mahcrlin, County Down, had his 
goods seized for tithes. — Stockdale, 170. 

'Page 85, Marriage Book of Lurgan Monthly Meeting. 

Netuark or Kennctt Monthly Meeting 3 1 3 

according to y' law of god, & we are witnesses of the same 
whose names are hereunto subscribed y' day and yeare aforesaid 

Val; Holengworth 

Anne Holengworth 


ffraocis Robson William Williams Jo: Calvert Chris: Hillery 

Hugh Stamper George Hodgshon Jam: Hanson dorothy Hiliery 

Roger Webb Will pearson Kic: Harison Elis: Gnus 

Robert Hoope Marke Wright John Wright Alice Williams 

Michael Staise Timo : kirk James Bradshaw An. Bradshaw 

Tho. Wederall Rob Chambers Tho: Calvert debora Kirk 

Will dixon Antho. Dixon fergus Softly Alice Wright 

dina Kilke Mar>* Walker" 

William Stockdale' gives the following account of Hollings- 
worth's persecutions for tithes : 

167 1, County Armagh, "Valentine HoUingsworth had taken 
from him for Tithe, by Thomas Ashbrook Tithmonger twenty 
nine stooks of Barly, and three stocks and a half of Oats, all 
worth one pound one shilling ;'' 1672, "Valentine Hollingsworth 
for Tithe by Edw^ard O'Maghan, 26 stooks wheat. 3 car-loads 
Hey, 26 stooks of Oats, 26 stooks of Barley, Value £z, i8s ;" 
1673, corn and hay, valued at £2 ; 1674, wheat, hay, oats, barley, 
valued at ^3 4s. 

In 1682, Valentine Hollingsworth and his family, accompanied 
by his son-in-law, Thomas Connaway, and by John Musgrave, 
an indented servant, sailed from Belfast for the Delaware,'^ and, 
as we have already stated, ^ settled on a large plantation of nearly 
a thousand acres on Shelpot Creek in Brandywine Hundred, Xew 
Castle County, about five miles northeast of the present city of 
Wilmington. He was prominently identified with the affairs of 
Friends, the early meetings being held at his house. In 1687, he 
gave "unto ffriends for a burying place half an Acre of land for 
y' purpose." A meeting-house was afterward built on this plot 
and the meeting known as Newark, from the name of the planta- 
tion, which in the original survey was called "New Worke." 
Valentine Hollingsworth was appointed a Justice of the Peace for 
New Castle County, in 1685, and represented the county in the 
Assembly in 1682-3, 1687, 1688, 16S9, 1695, and 1700.* He died 
subsequent to 1710, and his wife Ann died 8 Mo. 17, 1697. They 
were interred in Friends' ground at Newark. 

' A Great Cry of Oppression, 3, 15, 27, 37. 

2 Deposition of Samuel, son of Valentine Hollingsworth, made before 
the Mayor of Philadelphia, June 4, 173S (printed in Mc Parian- Stem 
Genealogy, 58-59). 

'See page 120. 

* Penna. Archives, and Series, IX., 648, 651, 652, 653. 

3 1 4 hnmigration of the Irish Quakers 

The children of Valentine Hollingsworth by his first wife, Ann 
Ree, were as follows : 

1. Mary Hollingsworth, born I Mo. 25, 1656, at Bellenisk- 
crannell, married, first, 4 Mo. 28, 1682, at the house of Francis 
Robson, Parish of Segoe, County Armagh, to Thomas Conway or 
Connaway, of I'arish of Lisburn, County Antrim. They came to 
the Delaware with her father in 1682, and settled near him in New 
Castle County. Thomas Connaway died 11 Mo. 30, 1688-9, ^"d 
his widow, in 1693, married, secondly, Randal Malin, widower, 
of Upper Providence, now Delaware County (originally of Great 
Barrum, Cheshire, England). Randal Malin became a Quaker 
minister and in 1727 removed with his wife and family within the 
limits of Goshen Monthly Meeting. 

I5y her first husband, Thomas Connaway, she had three chil- 
dren ; (i) Elizabeth, b. 7 Mo. 9, 1687, m. ist Charles Booth, 
1705, and 2d, Thomas Babb, in 1720; Ann, born about 1688, 
m. Philip Taylor, 6 Mo. 10, 1705 ; Sarah b. about 1689, m. 3 
Mo., 1 7 10, to John Yearsley, b. in England about 1685, son of 
John and Elizabeth. By her second, Randal Malin, she had 
three children: Hannah, b. I Mo. 7, 1695-6, m. Daniel William- 
son, Jr., about 1716; Rachel, b. 5 Mo. 24, 1702, m. John Cain 

or Cane, 9 Mo. 7, 1722 ; and Katharine, who married Tate, 

in 1721. 

2. Henry Hollingsworth.ib. 9 Mo. 7, 1658, at Belleniskcrannell, 
is thought to have come over to Pennsylvania as a redemptioner 
to Robert Turner, in 1683. Subsequently he lived for a time with 
his father in New Castle County. In 1688, he returned to Ire- 
land for a wife and on 6 Mo. 22d of that year was married to 
Lydia Atkinson, of Parish of Segoe, County Armagh, whom he 
shortly after brought to Pennsylvania.' For a number of years he 
was Deputy Surveyor of Chester County. In 1695, he resided in 
Chester, and was Sheriff of the County. He also represented 
New Castle County in the Provincial Assembly. In 1700, and 
for some time after he was Clerk of the Courts, and Coroner of 
Chester County. He removed to Elkton, Md., about 1712, in 
which year he was appointed (3 Mo. 9 by Lord Baltimore) Sur- 
veyor of Cecil County. His manuscript commonplace book, 
which is a medley of receipts, poetry, astrolop;y, alchemy, chem- 
istry, some of which is in Latin, is in the collection of the Hon. 
Samuel W. Pennypacker, of Philadelphia. He died 2 Mo. or 3 
Mo. 1721. His children were: Ruth, m. George Simpson, I2 

' See Smith, IJislory of Delawari County, 469. 

•The original marriage certificate is in possession of Miss Margaret Gil- 
pin, of Cecil Co., Md. 

Newark or Kennett Monthly Meeting 3 1 5 

Mo. 24, 1706 ; Stephen, who m. Ann , was a INIagistrate in 

Cecil County, Md., in 1730, removing subsequently to Virginia, 
where, in 1734, he obtained a grant of 472 acres of land on the 
west side of the Shenandoah River, in Orange County ; Zebulon, 
b. 1696, d. Cecil County, 8 Mo. 8, 1763, m. 4 Mo. 18, 1727, 

Ann, daughter of Col. Francis Mauldin ; Catharine m. 

Dawson, of Kent County, Md. ; Abigail, m. Richard Dobson, in 
1720 ; and Mary. 

3. Thomas Hollingsworth, b. 3 Mo., 1661, at Belleniskcranneli, 
d. 1732-3, in Winchester, Va. He resided for a time in Rock- 
land Manor, New Castle County but later removed to Winchester, 
Va. His first wife Margaret (by whom he had one son Abram, 
born I Mo. [9, 1686), died in 8 Mo. 1687. He then married I 
Mo. 31, 1692, Grace Cook, of Concord. Children by second 
wife: Elizabeth, b. 11 Mo. 8, 1694, m. — ■ — -Stroud, in 1718 ; 
Hannah, b. i Mo. 17, 1697, m. William Dixon, in 1718 ; 
Thomas, b. 12 Mo. 23, 1698, m. Judith Lampley in 1723 ; Jacob, 
b. I Mo, 4, 1704, m. Rachel Chandler, 1729 ; Sarah, b. 8 Mo. 7, 
1706, m. John Dixon, in 1724; Joseph, b. 3 Mo. 11, 1709, m. 
Martha Houghton, in 1730, and removed to Virginia ; Grace, b. 3 
Mo, 9, 1712. 

4. Catharine Hollingsworth, b. 5 Mo., 1663, at Belleniskcran- 
mell ; d. 6 Mo. 29, 1746; m. 11 .Mo. 2, 1688, George Robinson,' 
who was born in the north of Ireland, about 1666, came to the 
Delaware in 1687, and died 9 Mo. 8, 1738. Their children were : 
Mary, m. Thomas Jacobs, 8 Mo, 13, 1710; Ann, m. Jonathan 
Ogden, in 1720; Valentine, m. Elizabeth Booth, in 1740. 

At Newark Monthly Meeting (women's branch), 12 Mo. 4, 
1698, "Wee have ordered that Katherine Robinson bee purser 
to this meeting Given in Collection £z,.\o's." 

The children of Valentine Hollingsworth by his second wife, 
Ann Calvert, were : 

5. Samuel Hollingsworth, b. I Mo. 27, 1673, ^^ Belleniskcran- 
neli ; d. 1748 ; m. in 1 701, Hannah Harlan, daughter of George 
and Elizabeth Harlan. He lived in Birmingham Township and 
held several important public offices. In 1729 and 1738, he was 
appointed Justice of the Peace for Chester County. From 1725 to 
1728 he represented the county in the Provincial Assembly. Chil- 
dren : Enoch, m. ist Joanna Crowley, 10 Mo. 23, 1725, 2d 

■See Philadelphia Fritiid, XXIX., 404. About 1735, George Rob- 
inson, of Brandywine, New Castle County, aged about 69 years, deposed 
in the Penna.-Md. boundary dispute that he " has dwelt in the said County 
about 49 years." — No. 775, Miscellaneous Papers (/djj-780^). Three 
Lower Counties, Hist. Soc. of Peyina. 


1 6 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

Elizabeth Chads, widow of William Pyle ; John. m. Mary Reed, 
in 1732 ; Samuel, m. Barbara Shewin, in 1738, and died in 175 i ; 
George; Elizabeth, m. Henry Green, in 1734. 

6. Enoch Hollingsworth, \). 6 Mo. 7, 1675, at Belleniskcran- 
nel ; died in New Castle County, 8 Mo. 24, 1687. 

7. \'alentine Hollingsworth, b. II Mo. 12, 1677, at Bellenisk- 
crannell ; d. 1757; m. in 1713, Elizabeth Heald. 

8. Ann HoUingsworth, b. 10 Mo. 28, 1680, at Belleniskcran- 
nell ; m. James Thompson in 1700. 

9. John Hollingsworth, b. 2 Mo. 19, 1684, in New Castle 
County ; d. in 1722 ; m. Catherine Tyler, in 1706. 

10. Joseph Hollingsworth, b. 5 M. 10, 1686, in New Castle 

11. Enoch Hollingsworth, buried 9 Mo. 26, 1690. 

Thomas Calvert,' son of John Calvert,' "of Moore Some' 
(neere Gisbrough)," Yorkshire, and wife Grace, was born in 161 7 

' Rc^iten Lurgan Mtttittg, County Armagh. 

'It is possible that John Calvert was of the same kin as the Calverts, 
Lords Baltimore and Proprietors of Mar)'land ; for he came into Ireland 
prior to 1617, from Moorsham, Yorkshire, only about twenty-five miles 
from Kilpin, in the same county, where about 15S0 was born George Cal- 
vert, the first Lord Baltimore (son of Leonard Calvert, a well-to-do country 
gentlemen, by Alice Crosland, his wife, and grandson of John Calvert). — 
See " George Calvert " in Dictionary of National Biography and pp. 1-4, 
George and Cecilius Cahert ("Makers of America" Series, by William 
Hand Browne, N. Y., 1S90). 

In the latter part of the seventeenth century there was a presumption that 
such a relationship existed; for on June 4, 1735, Samuel Hollingsworth, 
of Chester County, made a deposition before the Mayor of Philadelphia, in 
connection with the boundary dispute between the Penns and Ixird Balti- 
more, that in 1683 one Colonel Talbot and a party of I^rd Baltimore's 
surveyors were the guests one night at the home of his father, Valentine 
Hollingsworth, in New Caslle County ; and that in the course of conversa- 
tion during the evening "the said Talbot enquiring into the Place from 
whence this affirmat's fifalher and Mother came and the m.iiden name of his 
mother, which was Calvert, the said CoUonel Talbot invited this affirm- 
ant's ffather to come down and live in Maryland, assuring him his Lord- 
ship would be very kind to him on account of his wife's having been a 
Calvert." — McFarlan-Slem Genealogy, 58. Mary Calvert and William 
Whitesite, were married 3 Mo. 27, 1696, by Friends' ceremony at the 
house of Thomas Calvert near Carrickfergus. 

' " Great Afoorsham, a township in the parish of Skelton, East Division 
of the liberty of Langbaurgh, of the county of York, 6 miles (E. by S. ) 
from Guilsbrough, containing 338 inhabitants." — Lewis's Topographical 
Dictionary of England. 

Newark or Kennett Monthly Meeting 3 1 7 

at Lygasory, near Lurgan, County Armagh, and about 9 Mo. 11, 
1647, married Jane Glasford, daughter of Hugh Glasford and wife 
Margaret, of " Stranmillis (nere Belfast)," County Antrim. At 
Ulster Province .Meeting, 4 Mo. 7, 1680, £\. 13. gd. was paid 
to Thomas Calvert for the apothecary at Carrickfergus, evidently 
(or attendance on Friends confined in Carrickfergus jail ; for on 6 
.Mo. 6, 1 68 1, L. Alyson and T. Calvert were directed to supply 
the wants of prisoners there, £z. los being appropriated for the 
purpose. In 1681, Thomas Calvert, of Parish of Carrickfergus, 
County Antrim, had some hay and oats, valued at iis., taken for 

Children of Thomas and Jane Calvert : 

1. John, born 8 Mo. 6, 164S, near Belfast. 

2. Ann, born about 9 Mo. 1650, in Kilhvarhn, near Hills- 
brough. County Down. 

3. Margaret, born about 4 Mo. 24, 1661, at Killurigan, Parish 
of Sago, County Armagh. 

4. Elizabeth, born 4 Mo. 26, 1664, in County Armagh ; m. 10 
Mo. 25, 1701, at Ballyhagen Meeting, Thomas Toppen, of Bally- 
hagen, County Armagh. 

John Calvert,^ son of Thomas Calvert, of Drumgor, Parish of 
Segoe, County Armagh, Ireland, and Jane, his wife, was born 8 
Mo. 6, 1648, in Stranmillis. near Belfast; was married 3 Mo. 
(May), 29, 1673, at the house of Roger Webb, to Judith Stamper, 
daughter of Hugh Stamper and Bridget, his wife, of Lurgan, 
County Armagh. Judith Stamper was born 3 Mo. 12, 1652, at 
" bowlton wood,"^ County Cumberland, England. 

John Calvert removed with his family about 1683 to Pennsyl- 
vania, and settled in Upper Providence Township, now Delaware 
County, where he owned 300 acres of land, granted to him by 
William Penn, i Mo. 13, 1683. An adjoining tract of 300 acres 
was also granted at the same time for Thomas Calvert, the father, 
who probably did not come to this country. Still another tract of 
100 acres, contiguous to the above, was granted on the same date 
to Margaret Calvert, probably the daughter of Thomas. On 2 

I William Stockdale, A Great Cry of Oppression^ 167. 

^ Records of Lurgan Meeting: Gilbert Cope, Sniedley Genealogy, 122. 

^"Bolton (All Saints), a parish in Allerdale ward below Derwent, 
county of Cumberland, 1% (N. by W. ) from Ireby, containing, with the 
township of Bolton High-side, and Bolton Low-Side 1245 inhabitants, of 
which number 352 are in Bolton High-Side and S93 in Bolton Low-Side, 
... A copper battle-axe was lately found in the moss at Bolton Wood, 
four feet below the surface." — Lewis, Topographieal Dictionary of Eng- 

3 1 8 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

Mo. II, 1691, it was ordered that a patent for the whole tract 
should be made to John Calvert, to whom it was made appear 
to belong.' At Chester Monthly Meeting, 4 Mo. 6, 1687, men- 
tion is made of a difference between John Calvert and Thomas 
Hollingsworth (stepson of John Calvert's sister Ann, who married 
Valentine Hollingsworth) about dividing their lands in Upper 

Children of John and Judith (Stamper) Calvert : 

I. Ruth, b. 6 Mo. 2, 1674, at Lurgan, Ireland ; m. about 1697, 
Edward Paviour, of Upper Providence. 

II. Isaac, b. 9 Mo. 2, 1676, at Lurgan. 

III. Thoma?, b. 9 Mo. 27, 1678, at Lurgan, bought a lot in 
Chester, in 1700, and sold it in 1702. 

IV. Joshua, b. 8 Mo. 18, 1680, at Lurgan. At a Chester County 
court, held 6 Mo. 25, 1702, the sheriff made a return of an execu- 
tion on the estate of John Calvert, which was sold to Thomas, 
Joshua, and Thomas Calvert for ^243. Joshua was constable of 
Upper Providence in 1704. In 1724, he had 370 acres of the 
Calvert land in Upper Providence. The remainder seems to have 
been in possession of Daniel Calvert. Joshua Calvert m., in 1709, 
Deborah, daughter of George and Elizabeth Harlan, and is thought 
by Gilbert Cope to have been the parents of Thomas Calvert, who 
married Sarah Williamson, about 1739, lived in Edgmont, now 
Delaware County, and probably in East Marlborough, Chester 

V. Daniel, b. 5 Mo. 6, 1685, in Pa.; m. about 1709, Elizabeth 

VI. Mary, b. 12 Mo. 19, 1687, in Pa. 

VII. Judith, m. 10 Mo. 8, 1725, Daniel Broom, of Marple, now 
Delaware County. 

John Musgrave, born about 1669, came over from Belfast, 
with his master, Valentine Hollingsworth, in 1682, and 
served his time for four years in New Castle County. 

Later he removed to Sadsbury, Lancaster County, and on June 
4, 1735, tben aged about sixty-six, made a deposition in connec- 
tion with boundary dispute between Pennsylvania and Maryland.' 

John Musgrave, of Lancaster County, made his will in 1745. 
Mentions children : John, James, Thomas, Abraham, Esther, 
wife of John Griffith, .Martha, wife of Benjamin Miller, Sarah, 
wife of Theophilus Owen, and two other daughters who married 
John Ferree and Thomas Powell. 

^ Pinna. Archives, 2d Series, XIX., 66. 
^ McFarlan and Slcrn Genealogy, 58-59. 

Nezvark or Kennett MontJily Meeting 3 1 9 

Tho.mas Conway, or Connaway, of Lisburn, County Antrim, 
was married 4 Mo. 28, 1682, at the house of Francis Robson, 
Parish of Segoe, County Armagh, to Mary Hollinpsworth, daughter 
of Valentine (^Records of I.iirgan Mi'e/ing), and in the same year 
came over and settled near his father-in-law, in Brandywine Hun- 
dred, New Castle County. The records of Newark Jilonthly Meet- 
ing give the date of birth of a daughter, Mary Conaway, as 7 Mo. 
9, 1687, and the date of Thomas Connaway's death as 7 Mo. 17, 
1689. In 1693, the widow, Mary Connaway, married Randal 
Malin, of Upper Providence, and in 1727 removed and settled with 
her husband within the limits of Goshen Monthly Meeting. 

William Dixson and Isabelle Rea, both of Parish of Sego, 
County Armagh, Ireland, were married at the house of Roger 
Webb, Parish of Sego, 5 J\Io. 4, 1683. Among those who signed 
the marriage certificate were Henry Dixson, Rose Dixson, Thomas 
Harlan, and Isabelle Logan. — Marriage Book of Lurgan Mo. 
Mtg., Ireland. 

This, no doubt, is the same family that came over to New 
Castle Co., prior to 1690. Henry Dixson, it is said, kept an inn 
at New Castle and had three children : (I.) William was married 
about 1690 to Ann Gregg, daughter of William Gregg,' who, it is 
believed, also came from the north of Ireland. William was a 
weaver by trade and settled on Red Clay Creek, in Christiana 
Hundred, New Castle County. He made his will i Mo. 31, 
1708, and it was probated .Sept. 20, 1708. He mentions his wife 
Ann, and appoints his brothers, Michael Harlan and John Gregg, 

1 William Gregg settled on a tract of 400 acres of land in Christiana 
Hundred, New Castle County, surveyed to hira 3 Mo. 11, 1685. He 
died " ye 1st of ye 7th month and was buried on his own plantation 1687." 
Children: Richard; Ann; John, b. circa 1668, d. 1738, m. 11 Mo. 
1694, to Elizabeth Cooke [John Gregg, of Christiana Hundred, New 
Castle County, yeoman, aged about 67 years, made a deposition about 
1735, "that he has dwelt in the s"" County about" 51 years (No. 175, 
Miscellaneous Papers, i6jj~iSoj, Three Lower Counties, Hist. Soc of 
Penna. )]; George. It is presumed by the writer that William Gregg 
came from the north of Ireland with the Hollingsworths, Dixsons, Sharp- 
lys ; but no doubt the point could be fully proven if a diligent investigation 
were made in Ireland. 

One William Gregg, of Toberhead Mtg., and Ann Wilkinson, of An- 
trim Mtg., County Antrim, were married at Antrim, 11 Mo. 5, 1702 ; and 
George Gregg, of Toberhead Mtg. and Alice Richardson, of Ballyhagen 
Mtg., were married 8 Mo. 12, 1714, at Ballyhagen. — Minutes of Ulster 
Province Mtg. 

William Edmundson attended a meeting, in 1700, at the house of 
Thomas Gregg, at Toberhead, Co. Antrim. — Journal, 223. 

320 Inwiigration of tJie Irish Quakers 

as advisors. The widow, Ann Dixson, then married John Hough- 
ton, of New Castle County. (II.) Diiialt married Michael Harlan, 
1 iMo., 1690, at Newark Mt^. (HI) /?<"'' married in 1690, 
Thomas Pierson, widower, Deputy Surveyer of New Castle 
County. (See account of Thomas Pierson by the writer in Penna. 
A/a^..'xXl.. 506-7.)' 

George and Michael Harlan. — 

" George Harlan y" Sone of James Harlan of Monkwearmouth 
was baptized at Monkwearmouth [Co. Durham] in old England 
y'^ iith day of I i\Io. 1650." "Michael Harlan came from the 
north of Ireland with his Brother George, about the year 1687- 
and ye beginning of the year 1690 he married Dinah ye Daughter 
of Henry Di.xon and Settled first Near ye Center Meeting house 
in Christiana Hundred & County of New Castle on Delaware and 
afterwards removed into Kennett in Chester County, where they 
lived Many years." — Records of Kennett or Newark Mo. Mlg. 

George Harland, of Parish of Donnahlong, Co. Down, Ireland, 
and Elizabeth Duck, of Lurgan, Parish of .Shankill. Co. Armagh, 
were married "at the house of Marke Wright in ye Parish of 
Shankell," 9 Mo. 17, 1678. Signers to marriage certificate : 
Henry Hollingsworth Wm Porter George Harland 

John Calvert Timothy Kirk Elizabeth Harland 

Roger Kirk Alphonsus Kirk 

deborah Kirk 
Elinor Hoope 
Robert Hoope 
Thomas Harland 
— Marriage Book of Lurgan Mo. Mtg., p. 91. 

Thomas Harland, of Donnahlong Parish, Co. Down, Ireland, 
son of James Harland, was born "nigh Durham In Bishoprick," 
England, and was married 2 Mo. 7, 16S0, at the house of Francis 
Robson, Parish of Sego, Co. Armagh, Ireland, to Katharine, 
daughter of George Bullock, of Lurgan. Among signers to mar- 
riage certificate were : Isabella Harland, Elizabeth Kirk, deborah 
Kirk, Roger Kirk, George Harland, Timothy, Alphonsus and 
and Robert Kirk. 

The wife Katherine Harland died 3 Mo., 1690, and Thomas was 
married again, 11 Mo. 8, 1702-3, to Alice Foster, of Lisnegarvy. 
Children by first wife, Catherine : Ananias, b. 4 Mo. 19, 1682, 
at Donochlong ; Rebecca, b. 9 Mo. 24, 1683 at Donochlong ; 
Patience, b. 6 Mo. 18, 1685, at Donochlong; Christian, b. 12 

'See "Gregg-Dixon-Houghton, of New Castle County, Delaware" in 
Historical and (Jenealogical Department of the /.//^jarj' Ajvi (A. I). 1898) 
Vol. v., p. 331. (Library of Hist. Sec. of Penna., I'hila. ) 

Newark or Kemiett Monthly Meeting 321 

Mo. 16, 16S7, at Donochlong ; Catherine, b. 9 Mo. 12, 1689, at 
Donochlong. Children by second wife, Ahce : James, b. 9 Mo. 
3, 1703, at Corking, Co. Down ; Thomas, b. 5 Mo. 4, 1705, at 
Corking; Abigail, b. 2 Mo. 24, 1708, at Corking. Patience 
Harland and James Alderdice, both of Lurgan, Co. Armagh, were 
married at Lurgan Meeting, Jan. 6, 1707. Marriage certificate 
signed by : Thomas, Christian, and Catharine Harlan. {Records 
of Lurgan Mo. M/g.) I have seen no evidence to show that any 
of the family of Thomas Harlan came over to Pennsylvania. 

George Harlan settled at first about where the village of Cen- 
treville. New Castle Co., Delaware, now is, and the early meet- 
ings were held at his home. Later he removed farther up 
Brandywine Creek, and purchased 474 acres of land in Kennett, 
now Pennsbury, Township, Chester County. While living here 
he had for his neighbors over the creek, in a great bend, a settle- 
ment of Indians. After they had gone away he obtained, in 1701, 
a warrant for 200 acres of land in the bend of the creek, granted 
"in regard of the great trouble and charge he has bore in fenc- 
ing and maintaining the same for the said Indians while living 
thereon." He died in 1714, and was buried by the side of his 
wife at Centre Meeting House. 

In his will, dated 2 Mo. 21, 1714, probated 8 Mo. 2, 1714, 
George Harlan mentions his brother Michael Harlan, his ser- 
vant Mary Mathews, and directs that his body be interred in the 
new burying ground on Alphonsus Kirk's land. — Hist. Chester 
Co., p. 587 ; Chester County Wills. 

" George Harland [County Down, in 1680] had taken from him 
for Tithe, by Daniel Mac Connell . . . twelve stooks and a half 
of Oats, three stooks and a half of Early, and five loads of Hey, 
all worth ten shillings ten pence." — William Stockdale's A G>-eat 
Cry of Oppression. 

Children of George 1 and Elizabeth Harlan : Ezekiel, b. 7 Mo. 
16, 1679, m. (i) Mary Bezer and (2) Ruth Ruffington ; Hannah, 
b. 2 Mo. 4, 1681, m. Samuel Hollingsworth, in 1701 ; Moses, b. 
12 Mo. 20, 1683-4, m. 1712, Margaret Ray, a native of Lurgan, 
Ireland, and made a final settlement in Menallen Township, now 
Adams County ; Aaron, b. 10 Mo. 24, 1685, m. Sarah Heald, in 
1713-14; Rebecca, b. 8 Mo. 17, 1688, d. 8 Mo. 17, 1775, m. 
WiUiam Webb, i Mo. 22, 1709-10 ; Deborah, b. 8 Mo. 28, 1690, 
m. Joshua Calvert, in 1710 ; James, b. 8 Mo. 19, 1692, m. Eliza- 
beth , in 1716; Elizabeth, b. 8 Mo. 9, 1694, m. Joseph 

Robinson, in 1713 ; Joshua, b. 11 Mo. 15, 1696-7, m. Mary 
Heald, in 1719. 

> Mrs. Ida Saxton McKinley, widow of the late William McKinley, 
President of the United States, is a descendant of George Harlan. 

32 2 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

Children of IMichael and Dinah (Dixson) Harlan : George, b. 
lo Mo. 4, 1690, m. Mary, widow of Alexander Stewart, and 
daughter of Joel and Ann Baily ; Abigail, b. 9 Mo. 23, 1692, m. 
Richard Flower, 12 Mo. 17, 1724-5 ; Thomas, b. 4 Mo. 24, 1694, 
m. Mary Carter, in 1720; Stephen, b. 2 Mo., 1697, m. Hannah 
Carter, 7 Mo. 26, 1723 ; Michael, b. 2 Mo. 7, 1699, m. Hannah 
Maris; Solomon, b. 10 Mo. 7, 1701 ; James, b. 1703, m. Su- 
sanna Oborn, 10 Mo. 19, 1733; Dinah b. 8 Mo. 23, 1707, m. 
Thomas Gregg, 2 Mo. 20, 1729. — See Hist. Cliester County, 587.1 

Thomas Child, from the neighborhood of Lurgan, Ireland, 
died 10 Mo. 8, 1694, at the house of Valentine Hollings- 
worth, in New Castle County. See George Harlan's letter 
on pages 62-3. 

Lydia Hollingsworth, wife of Henry. In 1687, Henry 
HoUingsworth returned to Ireland, and, 8 Mo. 22, 1688, 
married Lydia Atkinson, of the Parish of Segoe, County 
Armagh, who shortly afterward came over to New Castle 
County with her husband. 

Alphonsus Kirk, son of Roger and Elizabeth Kirk, of Lur- 
gan, Ireland, settled in New Castle County, in 1689. 
The following account of the Kirk family is found in the 
records of Lurgan Meeting : 

• ' Roger Kirk and Elizabeth his wife dwelt in Neshag in ye prsh 
of Skelton and in ye County of York [England]. Came to ire- 
land with his wife and five children in y« yeare 1658 (being a 
Couper by traide) since w^h time he hath dwelt at Tolly gaily 
nere Lurgan in ye County of Ardmagh and had by his wife Chil- 
dren as followeth ' ' : 

Christian (daughter) b. 10 Mo. 21, 1645 ; Deborah b. 3 Mo. 
27, 1650; Timothy, b. 3 Mo. 27, 1652; Roger, b. 2 Mo. 20, 
1654 ; Dinah, b. 10 Mo. 14, 1656 ; Alphonsus, b. 5 Mo. 14, 
1659 ; Robert, b. i Mo. 28, 1662, at ToUegally, Parish of Shan- 
kill, County Armagh ; Elizabeth, b. 4 Mo. 1 2, 1664, at same place. 
Timothy Kirk, of Parish of Shankill and Catharine Robson of 
Parish of Sego, County Armagh, were married 3 Mo. 17, 1676, at 
house of Mark Wright, Parish of Shankill, County Armagh. 
Among signers to certificate were : Val. and Ann Hollingsworth, 
Judith, John, and Thomas Calvert, and Robert Hoope. 

In 1680, Timothy and Roger Kirk, of County Armagh, had 
their goods taken for tithes. (Stockdah-, 144.) 

' A. H. Harlan, of New Burlington, Ohio, is about to issue an elaborate 
genealogy of the Harlan family. 

Newark or Kennett Monthly Meeting 323 

The following is a list of the children of Timothy Kirk : Deborah, 
b. 7 Mo. 5, 1677 ; Samuel, b. lo Mo. 15, 167S ; Jacob, b. 10 Mo. 
30, 1680; Sarah, b. 8 Mo. 9, 1682; Joseph, b. I Mo. 23, 1685 ; 
Rosier, b. 2 Mo. 31, 1686 ; John, b. 10 Mo. 31, 1687 ; Ruth, b. 
7 Mo. 29, 1690 ; Jane, b. 7 Mo. 18, 1692. 

Roger Kirk, son of Timothy, came to Pennsylvania from Ire- 
land, as early as 1712, and about 1714 married Elizabeth Rich- 
ards, of New Garden, Chester Co. He settled in Nottingham, 
that county, and died 3 Mo. 28, 1761. His children were : Mary, 
Timothy, William, Elizabeth, Deborah, Rebecca, and Samuel. 
(For details of this branch of the family see a Historic Genealogy 
of the Kirk Family, by Dr. Charles H. Stubbs, printed in 1872 ; 
also Potts, Our Family Ancestors, 262, and Hist. Chester County, 

Deborah Kirk, of Parish of Shankill, County Armagh, and 
Francis Hillary, of Parish of Donnahlong, County Down, were 
married, 7 Mo. 8, 1682, at the house of Roger Webb, in Parish of 
Segoe, County Armagh. (^Records of Lurgan lileeting.) 

Robert Kirk and Ann Halliday declared their intentions of mar- 
riage, 2 Mo. 25, 1696. 

Samuel Kirk and Mary Johnson, both of Lurgan Meeting, were 
married at Lurgan, 4 Mo. 24, 1702. {Minutes of Ulster Province 

Alphonsus Kirk, son of Roger and EUzabeth, and uncle of the 
Roger Kirk (son of Timothy) who came to Pennsylvania about 
171 2, took passage from Belfast, 11 Mo. 11, 1688, and landed at 
Jamestown, Va. , i Mo. (Mar) 12, 1689. He arrived in New 
Castle County 3 Mo. 29, 1689. bringing with him a certificate of 
removal, dated 10 Mo. 9, 1688, from the meeting at John Rob- 
son's [Lurgan Meeting] stating " that he hath lived with his father 
from his infancy until now . . . and since his convincement he 
hath belonged to our Meeting." This document was signed by 
the following members of the Meeting : Robert Hoopes, Jno. 
Robson, William Porter, Timothy Kirk, Jno. Hoop, Robt. Kirk, 
Mark Wright, William Crook, Thos. Wainwright, Jno. Webb, 
James Webb, William Williams, Jacob Robson, and Thomas 

The father and mother, Roger and Elizabeth Kirk, added a 
postscript certifying " that we are willing our son above named 
should take this journey herein mentioned . . . and if it be his 
portion to marry we do give our consent, provided it be to a 
Friend, and in unity with Friends, according to the order of truth." 
(Certificate is printed in full in Friends' Intelligencer, of Phila- 
delphia, 3 Mo. 30, 1872, Vol. XXIX., p. 71.) 

He was married 12 Mo. (Feb.) 23, 1692-3, to Abigail, daugh- 
ter of Adam and Mary Sharpy, of Shelpot Creek, New Castle 

324 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

County on Delaware. He settled in Christiana Hundred, near 
what is now Centreville, in that County. Centre Meeting House 
was built on his land. He died 7 Mo. 7, 1745, and his wife in 
1748. Their children were : Roger, b. i Mo. 21, 1694, d. i Mo. 
19, 1762 ; Elizabeth, b. 4 Mo. 23, 1695, m. Daniel Brown ; 
Jonathan 1 b. 1 1 Mo. 15, 1697, d. 9 Mo. 1, 1735 ; Mary, b. 8 Mo. 
31, i68g, d. 9 Mo. i, 1699 ; Deborah, b. 1 1 IVIo. 1699, d. 7 Mo. 23, 
1704; Abigail, b. 7 Mo. 1701, d. 7 Mo. 29, 1704; Timothy b. 
3 Mo. 6, 1704, d. 8 Mo. 19, 1704 ; Alphonsus, b. 8 Mo. 2, 1705, 
d. I Mo. I, 1730-1 ; Adam, b. 3 Mo, i, 1707, d. 10 Mo. 8, 1774 ; 
William, b. I Mo. 4, 1708, d. 3 Mo. 2, 1787 ; Timothy, b. 5 .Mo. 
I, 1711 ; d. 5 Mo, 2, 1786. 

Of these children Roger removed to Nottingham, and William 
and Timothy settled in East Cain or Pikeland. William was 
twice married, and had nineteen children, of whom one was 
Rachel Price, a minister of the Society. {/list. Chester County, 
624.) See pages 207-8. 

Jacob Kirk, son of Timothy, and grandson of Roger Kirk, was 
born 10 Mo. 30, 1680, and according to the minutes of Ulster 
Province Meeting, was married 7 Mo. 20, 17 16, at Hillsborough 
Meeting, to Rebecca Robison, of Lisburn Meeting, County An- 
trim. He produced a certificate of removal from Ballinderry 
Meeting, County Antrim, to New Garden Monthly Meeting, 
Chester County, 11 Mo. 31, 1729, and settled on Conestoga 
Creek, in Lampeter Township, Lancaster County. He died prior 
to 1744, leaving at least three children : 

1. Jane Kirk, m. (i) Joseph Miller, 2 Mo. 18, 1738, (2) William 
Richards, 5 Mo. 10, 1759. 

2. John Kirk, d. 1798-9, m. Ann Wollaston, of Wilmington, 
Delaware, 3 Mo. 7, 1744, and had children: Jacob, John, Jeremiah, 
Sarah, m. John Owen, Rebecca, m. Evan Griffith, Catharine, m. 
Joshua Wollaston, Jane, m. William Steady. John Kirk was a 
resident of Lampeter Township, Lancaster County. He was a 
slave-owner, but manumitted his slaves about 1779. 

3. Rebecca Kirk, who is mentioned in the meeting records as 
" Rebecca Kirk ye younger," m. (i) James Miller, i Mo. 6, 1749, 

'The Records of Old Swedes Church, Wilmington Del. (Printed by 
Hist. Sec. of Pa., 1890), page 260, stale that in 1720 "The Quakers', 
Alphonsi Kirk and wife Abigail's son Jonathan, 21 years old, [was] baptised 
in St. James' Church, July loth." Jonathan Kirk and Mary Anderson were 
married by license, Aug. 16, 1720 {Ibid., 258). Nov. 19, 1721, James 
Kirk, three weeks old, son of Jonathan and Mary (p. 266), and on Jan. 26, 
1723, EMzabeth Kirk, born Jan. II, 1723, daughter of above, were baptized 
(P- 279). 

Newark or Kennett Monthly Meeting 325 

and had children (Rachel, Sarah, Hannah, Jane) ; m. (2) Isaac 
Richards, II Mo. 10, 1763. — (See Potts, Our Family Ancestors, 

Nathaniel Cart.mill and wife Dorothy came from Ireland to 
Pennsylvania, in 1685 and settled within the limits of Newark 
Monthly Meeting. They had at least two children : Martin, b. 
I Mo. 19, 1685, at sea on the voyage from Ireland ; and Thomas, 
b. 2 Mo. 29, 1689, disowned 12 Mo. 4, 171 5, for marriage out of 
Society {Records of Newark Mo. Mtg.). In 1689-90, Nathaniel 
Cartmill and Timothy Atkinson were each granted 200 acres of 
land in the Manor of Rockland, New Castle County, at a rent of 
one penny per acre, "being unwilling such good Husbandman 
should leave the Government" (Minutes of the Board of Prop- 
erty, Penn' a Archives, 2d Series, XIX., 25). At Newark Monthly 
Meeting, 7 Mo. 3, 171 5, Nathaniel Cartmill was dealt with for 
consenting to his son's marriage out of the Society ; for this 
breach of order he produced a satisfactory acknowledgment. 
In 1669, Godfrey and John Cantrell, of Queen's County, Ireland, 
had goods taken from them for refusing to contribute money for 
the church at Rosenallis (Besse's Sufferings of the Quakers, II., 

Gayen Miller, who first appears in Chester County in 1702, is 

thought to have been a near relative of John Miller, of New 
Garden. As stated on page 128, he purchased 200 acres at the 
site of Kennett Square, and in 1712 acquired 700 acres in New 
Garden. He also secured several other tracts. He took his seat 
in the Provincial Assembly in 1714. He died in 1742, leaving a 
will, dated 3 Mo. 31, 1742 (proved Aug. 31, 1742), in which he 
mentions "my cousin James Miller," probably a son of John 
Miller of New Garden. Children of Gayen Miller by his wife 
Margaret : 

I. James Miller, b. 11 Mo. 5, 1696; d. 1732; m. Rachel, 
daughter of John and Katharine Fred, 4 Mo. 20, 1721, and had 
children: Sarah, b. 1723, m. John Jackson; Deborah, b. 1725, 
m. Joseph Sharp; James, b. 1728, m. (i) Sarah Way and (2) 


26 Immigration of tJu Irish Qtcakers 

Phebe Jones ; Jesse, b. 1730, m. Lydia Baily. Rachel, the w-idow, 
m. ;d,' James Miller, son of James and Katharine, and died 12 
Mo. 3, 1748-9. 

2. \\'illjam Miller, b. 8 Mo. 30, 1698 ; d. 1767 ; m. Ruth Row- 
land, 7 Mo. 30, 1724, and had children : Mary, m. James Miller, 
1744; Hannah, m. William Whiteside; Margaret, m. Jonathan 
Hanson, .\pril 23, 1766. 

3. Robert Miller, b. 3 Mo. 3, 1703 ; m. Ruth Haines ; and had 
children: Margaret, b. 1726, m. William Bentley ; Solomon, b. 
1727, m. Sarah Matthews; Dorothy, b. 1729, m. George Mat- 
thews; Patience, b. 1730-1, m. (i) Bishop and (2) James 

Davis; Hannah, b. 1734, m. Curtis Lewis; Warwick, b. 1735, 
d. 1777, m. Elizabeth Price; Isaac, b. 1737-8, d. 1752; Jacob, 
b. 1739; Rebecca, b. 1742, m. Jas. Allen; Joseph, b. 1744; 
Rachel, b. 1746, m. Joseph Johnson; Sarah, b. 1748, m. John 
Boyd (2): Benjamin, b. 1752 ; James, b. 1754, m. Hannah Pim. 

4. Sarah Miller, b. 9 Mo. i, 1704 ; m. Joshua Johnson, son of 
Robert, and had children (James, Lydia, Margaret, William, 
Sarah, Joshua, Hannah, Robert, Dinah, Rebecca, and David). 

5. Star)- Miller, b. 3 Mo. 7, 1707 ; m. William, son of Samuel 
Beverly, 2 Mo. 22, 1730, and had children (Samuel, James, 

6. Patrick Miller, b. 12 Mo. 28, 1708 ; m. (i) Patience Haines, 
9 Mo. 5, 1735, ^^^ ^<^ children 0oseph, Ruth, Mar)-, Patience) ; 

m. (2) Anne , in 1745, and had other children (Susanna 


7. Samuel Miller, b. 4 Mo. 14, 171 1 ; d. Nov, 1764; m. Mar- 
garet HaUiday, 4 Mo. 29, 1732. No issue. 

8. EUzabeth Miller, b. 5 Mo. 7, 1713 ; m. Joseph Dickinson, 
8 Mo. 25. 1732, and had children (.Margaret, Sarah, Gayen, Eliz- 
abeth, Mar>-, Hannah, Deborah, Joseph, Daniel, James). 

9. Joseph Miller, b. 7 Mo. 14, 1715 ; d. 1741 ; Jane Kirk, 4 
Mo. 18, 1738. 

10. Benjamin Miller, b. 6 Mo. 4, 1717 ; m. 10 Mo. 7, 1738, 
Martha (Musgrove) Walter, widow of John Walter, and daughter 
of John Slusgrave. He settled in Lancaster County. 

11. John Miller, b. 11 Mo. 6, 1 720-1, m. Margaret Smith, 8 
Mo. 28, 1 74 1. Settled in Lancaster County. 

12. George MiUer, b. 5 Mo. 19, 1723. He married "out of 
meeting" about 1744.1 

John Miller, wife Mary (received 4 Mo. 4, 1709), and chil- 
dren from Grange near Charlemont, in 1709. 

' Potts, Our Family Ancestors, 250-253. 

Newark or Ken7iett Monthly Meeting 327 

John Miller,' son of John Miller, bom at " Breckenbrough, in 
y Parish of Kerbyw-ilk in Yorkshire," in 1633, went over into 
Ireland as a planter, in 1657, and married Ann, daughter of Wil- 
liam Clibborn, who was bom in 1630, at Cowley, in the County 
of Durham, England. Their children were : WilMam, b. 1659, 
at Moate, Margaret, b. 1662, Shurrch ? d. 1668; John, b. 1665, 
at Moate ; Thomas, b. 1667, at Ballynalinch ; Abraham, b. 1670, 
at Glin, County West Meath ; and Isaac, b. 1672, at Glin, 
County West Meath. (Potts, Our Family Ancestors, 245-6.) 

One John Miller, possibly a son of the above John Miller, mar- 
ried Mar)% sister of Andrew Ignew and as early as 1693 was liv- 
ing within the limits of Grange Meeting near Charlemont, County 
Armagh, Ireland. He and his family arrived in Chester County, 
Pa., in 1709, and, as we have seen on page 13;, settled on a large 
tract of land in New Garden Township. He was a prominent 
member of New Garden Meeting and was elected to the Provin- 
cial Assembly in 17 14, but died that same year. 

Marv- Miller, his widow, died in 1730. In her will, dated 5 
Mo. 12, 1730, probated August 10, 1730, she mentions her 
' ' Kinsman John Too ' ' and leaves ^30 ' ' to pay y^ passage of or 
Charges of three of my brother Andrew Ignews ^ Children in Com- 
ing to this Countn.', provided they Come in y* Space of two years 
after my decease. 

Children of John and Mary (Ignew) MiUer : 

1. James Miller, b. i Mo., 1693, near Charlemont, County 
Armagh ; m. 3 Mo. 24, 1722, Ann Cain (daughter of John and 
Ann) who was bom in County Armagh. They had issue : Marv-, 
b. 1724 ; Ann, b. 1726 ; Sarah, b. 1727 ; John, b. 1730 ; Joseph, 
b. 1732; Susanna, b. 1734-5; Hannah, b. 1737; WiUiam, b. 
1739 '• James, b. 1745. 

2. Mary Miller, who died in 1736, m. Joseph Hutton, in 1714, 
and had issue : John, Thomas, Joseph, Susanna, Samuel, WilUam, 
Benjamin, Xehemiah, Ephraim. 

3. William Miller, b. 2 Mo., 169S, " within the virge of Grange 
Monthly Meeting, County Tyrone, Ireland"; d. 1768; m. Ann 
Emlen, 4 Mo. 15, 1732, and had issue : John, b. 1733 ; Hannah, 
b. 1734; WiUiam, b. 1737; ^larv-, b. 1741 ; Ann, b. 1743; 
Joshua, b. 1746. 

1 In 1677, one Robert Miller, of County Antrim, had goods seized for 
tithes. — StockdaU , 76. 

In 1681, Robert Miller, of Parish of Denniskean, County Antrim, had 
his goods taken for tithes. — Ibid., 166. 

^In 1672, Andrew Ignew, of County Antrim, had his goods seized for 
tithes, and in 1673 was imprisoned at Carrickfergus. In l5Sl, Andrew 
Ignew, of BalUnderry Parish, County Antrim, had his goods taken for 
tithes. — Stockdale, A Great Cry of Oppression, 13, 36, 169. 

328 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

4. Joseph Miller, d. 7 Mo. 30, 1727 ; m. Ann, daughter ot 
Joseph Gilpin, 10 Mo. 31, 1724, and had children: John, b. 
1725 ; Isaac, b. 1727. 

5. Sarah Miller, m. Nehemiah Hutton, 1723. 

6. Elizabeth Miller, b. i Mo., 1704, in Ireland; d. 2 Mo. 8, 
1783; m. William Chambers, 8 Mo. 22, 1729, and had ten 

7. Martha Miller, m. (i) John Jordan and (2) Nathaniel lioul- 

8. Elinor Miller, m. Richard Chambers, 4 Mo. 19, 1729, and 
had eight children. 

9. Susanna Miller, m. Joseph Jackson, 2 Mo. 18, 1734. 

James Starr, from Catterlaugh [Carlow] Meeting, Ireland, 

received 4 Mo. 7, 171 2. 

John Starr, whose father is said to have served in the Parlia- 
ment Army as a captain of infantry, and to have removed to Ire- 
land, resided at Old Castle, County Meath. By Mary, his wife, 
he had children: John, b. 7 Mo., 1674; James, b. 10 Mo. 28, 
1676; George, b. 2 Mo. 16, 1679; Mary, b. 7 Mo. 15, 1682; 
Elizabeth, b. 9 Mo. 12, 1684 ; Susanna, b. 9 Mo. 23, 1686 ; Jere- 
miah, b. 8 Mo. 17, 1690; Moses, b. 8 Mo. 27, 1692 ; Isaac, b. 9 
Mo. 23, 1697. 

Of these, James Starr, of Coothill, was married 6 Mo. 22, 1705. 
to Rachel Laybourne, daughter of Joseph Laybourne, of Black 
Hadleigh, County Durham, England, deceased, and of Rachel, 
his wife, nowof Ardnahue, County Carlow, Ireland. She was born 
8 Mo. 7, 1686, at Ramestown. James was a farmer in County 
Cavan, whence he came to Pennsylvania in 1712, and settled in 
New Garden, Chester County. In 1714 he was chosen clerk of 
Newark Monthly Meeting and overseer of New Garden Meeting. 
Upon the establishment of New Garden Monthly Meeting, in 17 18, 
he became the clerk and served until 1726. In 1 731, he removed 
with his family to Charlestown Township, Chester County, and 
located at the' present site of Phoenixville. His children were 
Mary, Joseph, John, James, Rachel, Moses, Samuel, and Susanna. 

Jeremiah Starr, son of John, m. 11 Mo. 10, 1716, Rebecca, 
daughter of Isaac and Ann Jackson, and toward the close of 1717 
came to Chester County and settled in London Grove Township, 
a little northwest of the Borough of Avondale. 

Moses Starr, son of John, m. 6 Mo. 2, 1715, at Old Castle 
Meeting, Deborah, daughter of Merrick King, of that place. 
They came over with Jeremiah and his family, and after a time 
settled at Maiden Creek, Berks County. He was the first and for 
many years the old representative of Berks County in the Pro- 
vincial Assembly. 

Newark or Kennett Monthly Meeting- 329 

Isaac Starr, the youngest brother, also came to Pennsylvania, 
and was married 12 i\Io. 20, 1723, to Margaret, daughter of 
Thomas Lightfoot, by whom he had several children. For further 
details see Nisi, of Chester County, 729, Record of the Jackson 
Family, 72-73, and Cope's Smedley Genealogy, 146. 

Merrick King, of Old Castle Meeting, and Mary Starr, of Bally- 
haes Meeting, were married 3 Mo. 2, 1699, at John Starr's. 

John Starr, " ye younger," and Sarah Martin, both of the meet- 
ing near Ballyhaes, were married 6 Mo. 1 1, 1706, at John Bell's. 

Richard King, of Old Castle Aleeting, and Elizabeth Starr, of 
Ballyhaes Meeting, were married 12 IVIo. 24, 1702, at Killagh 

Thomas Martin and Susanna Starr, both of Ballyhaes Meeting, 
were married 7 Mo. 10, 1710, at John Bell's near Ballyhaes. — 
Records of Carlo-cv Meeting. 

In 1679, John Starr and William Haddock, of Parish of Ma- 
gheragall. County Antrim, suffered persecution for tithes. — Stock- 
dale, A Great Cry of Oppression, 120. 

Margaret Ray, unmarried, from Lurgan Meeting, County 
Armagh, Ireland, received i Mo. 7, 17 13. Married Moses 

Edward Thompson, received 3 Mo. 5, 171 1, from Ireland. 

Thomas Garnett, wife Sarah, and brother Joseph Garnett, 
received 3 Mo. 5, 171 1, from County Tyrone, Ireland. 

Thomas Garnett and Sarah Baker, both of Grange Meeting, 
near Charlemont, County Armagh, were married 4 Mo. 16, 1708, 
at Grange Meeting. (Minutes of Ulster Province Meeting.) 
Thomas Garnett resided in New Garden, Chester County, until 
about 1717, when he removed to Kent County. Maryland. A 
son George was born 2 Mo. 29, 1710. 

Joseph Garnet m. in 1716 Margaret, widow of John Lowden. 

Joseph Sharp, received 6 Mo. 4, 1711, from Ireland. 

Elizabeth Hobson, dated 9 Mo. 22, 1710, from Friends in 
Ireland; received 2 Mo. 5, 1712. 

In 9 Mo., 1712, she married John Hope, of Kennett. 

Francis Hobson, received 2 Mo. 5, 17 12, from Grange near 
Charlemont, Ireland. 

Francis and Lawrence Hobson were among those convinced 
by the preaching of William Clayton and William Edmundson in 
the neighborhood of Grange near Charlemont, in 1655. {Rutty, 

33° Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

91.) In 1666, Francis Hobson, of County Armagh, had taken 
for tithes, goods valued at £j. los. (^Bcsse, II., 475), and in 1670, 
goods valued at ^'3. 5s., for refusing to contribute to the repair of 
the " Parish Worship-house at Kilmore," County Armagh. 
{Ibid., II., 479.) In 1671, he had taken for tithes, wheat, barley 
and oats, valued at ^3. 14. {Siockiiah', 4.) 

In 1673, •" County Armagh, "Francis Hobson was sued in 
the Bishop's Court at Ardmagh for £2 Tyths of Milch-Money, by 
George Walker, Priest, and by Warrant from two Justices of the 
Peace, upon a definitive Sentence, was taken by David Mulligan, 
Constable, the 2d Day of the sixth Month, and committed to the 
Goal of Ardmagh, and was Prisoner two Years and four Months, 
and about the 13th of the tenth Month, 1675, died in the said 
Goal." {A Compendious Vifiu, 79-80.) 

One Francis Hobson, of Drumilly, Parish of Loughgall, County 
Armagh, and Mary Harding, of Lissacurran, Parish of Shankill, 
said county, were married 11 Mo. 29, 1694. {Ltirgan Meeting 

Francis Hobson, the emigrant, of 1712, born about 1686, pur- 
chased 200 acres of land in New Garden, Chester County, by 
deed of May i, 1713, in which he is styled weaver, for the sum of 
^40. This land is still held by descendants of the name. In 
3 Mo. (May), 1716, he was married to Martha Wainhouse, from 
Dublin. He died 9 Mo. 29, 1766, in his eightieth year, and his 
widow II Mo. 25, 1775, aged eighty-three. Their children were : 
Francis, b. 9 Mo. 12, 1720, removed to what is now Montgomery 
County, and died 9 Mo. 29, 1792, in Limerick Township, m. 8 
Mo. 17, 1744, to Martha Shaw ; Mary, b. 12 Mo. 19, 1724, m. 4 
Mo. 18, 1747, to Robert Boyce, of New Garden ; John, b. 7 Mo. 
7, 1726; Joseph, b. 10 Mo. 23, 1731, d. 12 Mo. 11, 1797, m. 4 
Mo. 15, 1767, at London Grove Meeting, to Ehzabeth Foster; 
Martha, b. 2 Mo. 19, 1738, d. 6 Mo. 30, iSii, m. to Samuel 
Miller, Jr. (See History of Chester CoutUy, 605.) 

Joseph Hutton, received 4 Mo. 7, 1712 from Catterlaugh 
[Carlow] Meeting, Ireland. 
Thomas Hutton ' of Killeagh, County Cavan, Ireland [wid- 

' In 1658, John Hutton and other Quakers were taken from a meeting 
at Cavan and imprisoned eleven days. — [Btsse II., 464.) 

In 1677, John Hutton, County Meath, had seized for tithes two out of 
sixteen Iambs, two "clamps of Turfe," four "Fleeces of Wool," three 
loads of hay, one load of barley, nine loads of oats, eleven "sheaves of 
Beare," four " car loads of Beare," etc., valued at £^. lis. — Slocida/e, S4. 

In 1680, Joseph Leybourn, County Carlow, had seized for tithes, nine 
"sheaves of Beans," eight "sheaves of Beare," fourteen " Kishes of 
Turfe," etc., valued at l2i.—{Slockcia!e, 158.) 

Newark or Kcnnett Mont lily Meeting 331 

ovver] was married, 3 Mo. 23, 1703, at New Garden Meeting, 
County Carlow, to Rachel Layboiirne, of Ardnahue, County 
Cavan, widow of Joseph Laybourne {Records of Carlow Meeting). 
See Thomas Hutton's letters, pages 64-7. 

Joseph Hutton, son of Thomas, settled in New Garden, Ches- 
ter County, and in 1 714 married Mary, daughter of John and 
Mary Miller. He died in the autumn of 1735, ^^^ his widow in 
the following winter. They had children : John, Thomas, Joseph, 
Susanna, Samuel, William, Benjamin, Nehemiah, and Ephraim. 
John, b. 6 Mo. 31,1715, m. 3 Mo. 6, 1 741, at London Grove, 
Chester County, Ann Harry, and removed to Warrington, York 
County, about 1753 ; Thomas, b. 12 Mo. 20, 17 15, m. 3 Mo. 
9, 1739, ^' London Grove, Elizabeth Harry ; Joseph, b. 5 Mo. 
28, 1720, m. 9 Mo. 5, 1747, at New Garden, Chester County, 
Betty, daughter of Henry Willis, and about 1753 removed to 
Newberry Township, York County ; Samuel, b. 2 Mo. 15, 1724, 
removed to Menallen Township, now Adams County, about 1753, 
and m. 5 Mo. 9, 1753, at Menallen Meeting, Mary, daughter of 
John Wright; William, b. 12 Mo. 14, 1725, m. 9 Mo. 15, 1750, 
Deborah, daughter of John Todd, of London Grove, and removed 
to Warrington Monthly Meeting, York County, about 1751 ; Ben- 
jamin, b. 12 Mo. I, 1728-9; Nehemiah b. 6 Mo. 27, 1731, m. 
II Mo. 8, 1753, Ann Hiett. 

Children of Joseph and Betty (Willis) Hutton: Joshua, b. 7 
Mo. 25, 1748, m. 5 Mo. 13, 1772, at Newberry Meeting, York 
County, Rachel, daughter of Timothy Kirk, of Newberry ; 
Rachel, b. 8 Mo. 21, 1750; Joseph, b. 10 Mo. 30, 1755; 
Susanna, b. 6 Mo. 18, 1758, d. 4 Mo. 27, 1762 ; Betty, b. 2 Mo. 
20, 1761 ; Simon, b. 2 Mo. 17, 1765. 

In 16S1, in County Ccrlow, Gregory Russell and Joseph Leybourae had 
taken from them for tithes 28 " fleeces of Wooll," 9 lambs, also hay and 
corn, wheat, "Beare," beans, white peas, "Turfe," "potatoes," "a 
Goose," all valued at £1. 

" The said Gregory and Joseph carrying home their Hay James Now- 
lan struck Gregory with a Pitchfork, and Joseph Leyboum holding up his 
arm to save the blow, the other run the Pitchfork in his Arm, and Joseph 
reproving them for their rude and uncivil carriage, one of them struck him 
three blows with a Spade, and the said Nowlan said, if any did oppose them 
he would kill thera, and Joseph telling them he could not pay Tithes for 
Conscience sake, one of them said, there was no Conscience used in these 
times, with many other uncivil reproachful words not fit to be mentioned." 
— ^Hd., 191-2. 

In 1678, in County Carlow, John and Gregory Russell had their goods 
taken for tithes. The officers "pulled John Russell off a Corn Stack, 
and tore his Coat, and swung his Wife about by the Arm until they tore 
her Wastcoat and her Shift, and threw her into the Weeds, she being 
great with Child." — Ibid., IIO. 

332 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

Children of William and Deborah (Todd) Hutton : Levi, b. 6 
Mo. 5, 1752, d. 10 Mo. 3, 1753; Tamer, b. 2 Mo. 3, 1754; 
Susanna, b. 12 Mo. 17, 1755 ; Levi, b. i Mo. 31, 1758. d. 2 Mo. 
22, 1844, m. Martha. 

Nehkmiah Hutton, unmarried, from Coothill, County Cavan, 

Ireland, received 11 Mo. 5, 17 16. 

Nehemiah Hutton, another son of Thomas Hutton, also came 
to Pennsylvania, and, 5 Mo. 25, 1723, m. Sarah, daughter of 
John and Mary Miller. They made their final settlement within 
the limits of Exeter Monthly Meeting, Berks County. Their chil- 
dren were : Susanna, b. 1 1 Mo. 20, 1724 ; John, b. 2 Mo. 7, 1727 ; 
James ; Mary ; Sarah ; Abigail ; Deborah ; Martha ; and Tamar. 

John Hutton, brother of Joseph and Nehemiah, married in 
1724, Sarah, daughter of Michael Lightfoot, and had a son 
Thomas and other children. {History of Chester County, 609 ; 
records of New Garden and Warrington Mo. Mtgs.) 

Michael Lightfoot, received 4 Mo. 7, 17 12, from Catter- 
laugh [Carlow] Monthly Meeting, Ireland. 

John Wiley, received 4 Mo. 7, 1712, from County West 

Meath. Unmarried. Married Martha Nevvby in 17 13. 

One John Wyly, of Hillsborough Mtg., and Sarah Walker, of 
Grange Mtg., near Charlemont, declared their intentions of mar- 
riage at Grange Preparative Mtg., 3 Mo. 24, 1727. 

At Ulster Province Meeting, 6 Mo. 29, 1696, Thomas Wyly, 
of Coleraine, was mentioned as having been to London Yearly 

Samuel Miller and Jane Wyly, both of Lisnegarvy Mtg., were 
married 9 Mo. 21, i6g8, at the house of Richard Boys. William 
Wyly, of Coleraine Mtg., and Ruth Courtney, of Lisnegarvy Mtg., 
were married at the house of Richard Boys, 5 Mo. 12, 1704. — 
Minutes of Ulster Province Mtg. 

In 1677 and 1679, John Wyly, of Parish of Ahalee, suffered per- 
secution for tithes. — Stockdale, A Great Cry of Oppression, 76, 

In 1681, Robert Willy, of Parish of Ballinderry, County Antrim, 
had taken barley, oats, hay, wheat, and maslin ; value ^3. — 
Ibid., 168. 

In 1681, John Wyly, of Parish of Killoan, County Antrim, had 
his goods taken for tithes. — Ibid., 166. 

Allen Wyly and Sarah Adams were married in 1694. — Minutes 
of Ulster Province Meeting. 

Thomas Wily, son of Allen Wily, of New Garden, Chester 

Newark or Kennett Mo7ithly Mcetmg 333 

County, Pa., and Rachel, daughter of Thomas Rowland, were mar- 
ried 9 Mo. 13, 1729, at New Garden Meeting. 

At Lisburn Meeting, County Antrim, lo Mo. 28, 1676, "John 
Wily layd before us his intentions of mariadg with An Boyes 
& their proceeding hath been Soe orderly that we can not but lett 
them proceed to the Six weeks mg." 

At Lisburn Meeting, 4 Mo. 16, 1684, Robert Mickle and John 
Wiley "layd before Frds. their going to Pensillvania. " 


£(^fo fl 

Christopher Wilson, received 4 Mo. 7, 17 12, from County 
West Meath, Ireland. Unmarried. 

He was born about 1690, in Yorkshire, England, of parents 
who were members of the Church of England. When he 
reached manhood he became a Friend and removed to Ireland. 
In 17 1 2, he came over as a servant and settled in New Castle Co., 
Delaware, where he married Esther Woodward, 8 Mo. 22, 1719, 
and left numerous descendants. About 1728 he became a minis- 
ter of the Society of Friends. He died 7 Mo. 11, 1740, in the 
50th year of his age (See A CoUection of Mt-moriah, Phila., 1787, 
p. 102-3). "About a Month agoe I agreed with Christopher 
Wilson a Weaver who dwells at John Griggs for a parcel of Land 
on ye lower Side of Brandywine," 200 acres next below Valentine 
Hollingsworth. — James Steel to John Taylor in a letter, dated 
Philadelphia, 11 Mo. 7, 17 18, among the Taylor Papers, Corre- 
spondence, i68j-iy2j. Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 

John Sharp, received 7 Mo. 6, 171 2, from Ireland. 

John Sharp and Joseph Sharp, probably brothers, were no 
doubt nearly related to Anthony Sharp, a native of Gloucester- 
shire, England, who became a Friend and removed to Dubhn in 

John Sharp m. 2 Mo. 16, 1726, at New Garden Meeting, Ann 
Bryan, of New Garden. He died about 174S. His widow then 
married, 3 Mo. 30, 175 1, at New Garden Meeting, John Nichols, 
of Kennett, and died about 1782, her will being proved that year. 

Children of John and Ann (Bryan) Sharp were : 

I. John, b. 5 Mo. 19, 1730. 

334 hnmigration of the Irish Quakers 

II. Elizabeth, b. 4 Mo. 23, 1732, m. 5 Mo. 2, 1754, at New 
Garden Meeting, James, son of John Nichols, of Kennelt. 

III. George, b. 2 Mo. 27, 1735, ^- Dec. 9, 1761, m. (ist) about 
1763, at Old Swede's Church, Wilmington, Delaware, Abigail, 
daughter of Thomas and Dinah Gregg, of Kennett (children by ist 
wife — Thomas, Samuel), and (2d) Sarah (Chambers) Gregg, widow 
of Benjamin Gregg (children by 2d wife — Abiah, Eh, Jesse). 

IV. Benjamin, b. 7 Mo. 25, 1738, m. 2 Mo. 3, 1762, Hannah, 
daughter of William and Hannah Wiley, of Kennett. 

V. Mary, b. 8 Mo. 26, 1740, m. about 1758, John Woodward, Jr. 

VI. Thomas, b. 11 Mo. 12, 1747, d. March, 176S, m. Rachel. 

Joseph Sharp, of Newark or Kennett Monthly Meeting, tanner, 
came from Ireland about 171 1, and settled in London Grove, 
Chester County ; m. 9 Mo. 4, 1 713, at Concord Meeting, Mary, 
daughter of Nicholas and Abigail Pyle. By deed of March 25, 
1 7 14, he purchased two tracts of land of 200 acres each in New 
Garden. He died in 1746. 

Children of Joseph and Mary (Pyle) Sharp : 

I. Abigail, b. 5 mo. 26, 1714, d. 9 Mo. 27, 1726. 

II. Elizabeth, b. 5 Mo. 25, 1717, d. 10 Mo., 1719. 

III. Mary, b. 7 Mo. 17, 1710, d. 10 Mo., 1719. 

IV. Elizabeth, b. 12 Mo. 19, 1720, m. Jeremiah Douglass. 
(Children, Joseph, Mary, Elizabeth.) 

V. Sarah, b. 6 Mo. 5, 1723, d. 10 Mo. 22, 1723. 

VI. Joseph, b. 8 Mo. 19, 1724, m. Deborah Miller, and re- 
moved to Iredell County, S. C. 

\'ll. George, b. 9 Mo. 4, 1726, d. young. 
\'III. Abigail, b. 2 Mo. 1729, m. (ist) William Sharpless, (2d) 
Moses Palmer. 

IX. Mary, b. 6 Mo. 21, 1731, d. 6 Mo. 30, 1731. 

X. Samuel, b. 8 Mo. 30, 1734, d. about 1819, m. Mary, widow 
of Isaac Starr, and daughter of Richard and Abigail (Harlan) 
Flower. See Cope's Sharpless Family, 182. 

Elizabeth Sharp, received 5 Mo. 4, 17 13. 

John Lowden and wife Margaret, from Ireland, received 4 
Mo. 6, 1713. 

John Lowden, of Antrim Meeting, and Margaret Tanner, of 
Carricksfergus Meeting, were married at the house of John War- 
dell, " neere Carrickfergus," 4 Mo. 20, 1699. {Afiiiu/i-s of Ulster 
Province Afeeling.) Sometime after 1703 he removed to New 
Garden, County Carlow, whence in 171 1 (Samuel Smith in 
Hazard' s Register. VII., 3), he came to Chester County, Penn- 

Newark or Kennett Monthly Meeting 335 

sylvania, and settled in the township of New Garden, which it is 
beheved he was instrumental in naming for his old home in Ireland. 
He was an eminent minister of the Society and made religious visits 
to New York and New England. He died i Mo. 19, 1714, at 
Abington (near Jenkintown, Pa.). His widow, Margaret, was mar- 
ried to Joseph Garnett, in 1716. A son William Lowden was born 
9 Mo. 10, 1703, in County Antrim (seepage 230). Richard Lowden, 
another son, was married 4 Mo. 5, 172S, at Samuel Blunston's 
house, in Hempfield (now Columbia, Lancaster County) to Patience 
Wright, daughter of John, of Hempfield. A daughter Mary mar- 
ried Updegraff. 

By deed of 1734, WiUiam Lowden, yeoman, Richard Lowden, 
cordwainer, and Mary Updegraff, children of John Lowden, de- 
ceased, sold a part of the Lowden tract in New Garden. 

Thomas Jackson, received 4 Mo. 6, 1713, from Mountmel- 
mellick Monthly Meeting, Queen's County, Ireland. 

Thomas Jackson, son of Nicholas Jackson, of Kilbank, in 
Seathwaite, Lancashire, England, was born at that place. He 
removed thence to Ireland, and married Ann, daughter of Francis 
and Judith Man, born at Mountmellick, Queen's County. He 
leased some land at Dreighet, Parish of Arkhill, Barony of Car- 
berry, County Kildare, about 1709, which hesold to WilUam Knott. 
They came to Pennsylvania in 171 3, sailing from Dublin on the 
25th of I Mo., and settled in New Garden Township, Chester 
County, where by deed of Jan. i, 17(3, he purchased 200 acres 
of land. About 171 1 he removed to Marlborough, Chester County, 
where he died in 1756. 

Children of Thomas and Ann Jackson : John, b. 9 Mo. 14, 
1703, at Ballinolarbin, King's County (children — George, Sarah 
and David); Judith, b. 12 Mo. 27, 1705, m. Daniel Every; 
Mary, b. 12 Mo. 8, 1708, at Timahoe, County Kildare, m. Jacob 
Wright, of East Marlborough (son of Jacob), 2 Mo. 8, 1741, at 
London Grove Meeting (no issue) ; Thomas, b. 6 Mo. 10, 1710, 
at Drechet, King's County, m. Lydia, daughter of John Smith, 
of Marlborough, 3 Mo. 17, 1738 (children — Ann, Caleb, Mary, 
and Joshua) ; Ann, b. 7 Mo. 5, 1714, at New Garden, d. 7 Mo. 
28, 1757 ; Jonathan, b. 12 Mo. 16, 1717, at New Garden, m. 
Mary Hayes, 10 Mo. 3, 1743 (children — Mary, Thomas, Sarah, 
Ann, Elizabeth and Ruth); Elizabeth, b. 10 Mo. 8, 1720, m. 
Henry Chalfant, son of John, of West Marlborough, 8 Mo. 15, 
740, at London Grove (children — Jonathan, Thomas, Henry, 
Ann, Elizabeth, Jacob, Mary, Abner, and Caleb). For further 
account itt Jackson Genealogy, 285-88. 

336 Immigratio7i of the J risk Qicakers 

James Lindley, and wife Eleanor, from Carlow Meeting, Ire- 
land, received 8 ]\Io. 3, 1713. 

Eleanor Lindley was a sister of Thomas Parke. James Lind- 
ley purchased 200 acres of land in New Garden, in 17 13, and 400 
in London Grove, in 1722, in the deed for which he is styled 
blacksmith. Thomas Lindley, a brother, perhaps, was a black- 
smith in Philadelphia, but owned land in Cain Township, Chester 

The children of James and Eleanor Lindley were Thomas, b. 
2 Mo. 25, 1706; Rachel, b. 5 Mo. 11, 1707 ; James, b. 4 Mo. 
30, 1709; Margery; Robert, b. 4 Mo. 32, 1713 ; William, b. 12 
Mo. 20, 1714, d. 10 Mo. 26, 1726; Alice, b. 2 Mo. 25, 1716; 
Mary, b. 9 Mo. 4, 1717 ; Jonathan, b. 3 Mo. 11, 1719, m. De- 
borah Halliday, 2 Mo. 15, 1741 ; Elizabeth, b. 8 Mo. 4, 1720; 
Hannah, b. i Mo. 11, 1723; Eleanor, b. i Mo. 11, 1727-28. 

James Lindley died 10 Mo. 13, 1726, and his widow married 
Henry Jones. Thomas, the eldest son, married Ruth Hadley, 
and went to Orange County, North CaroUna. The children of 
Jonathan and Deborah Lindley were Jacob (who became an emi- 
nent minister of the Society of Eriends), b. 9 Mo. 18, 1744, ni. 
II Mo. 14, 1782, to Hannah, widow of William Miller; James, 
b. 10 Mo. 18, 1746; Jonathan, b. 9 Mo. 18, 1750; Deborah, b. 
b. 12 Mo. 26, 1753 ; Ruth, m. 11 Mo. 6, 1800, to David Wilson. 
— History of Chester County, 637. 

John C.\ne, and wife Ann, from Ballyhagen Meeting, County 
Armagh, Ireland, received 10 Mo. 5, 1713. 

They settled in London Grove, Chester County, where he died 

shortly after. His widow is supposed to have married 

Todd. Children of John and Ann Cane ; John, m. 9 Mo. 7, 
1722, Rachel, d. of Randal and Mary Malin ; Ann, m. in 1722, 
James Miller ; Margaret (.'), m. in 1720, John Todd ; Robert (?), 
m. in 1730, Ann Dixon. — History of Chester County, 492. 

William Halliday, and wife Deborah (from Dublin, received 

12 Mo. 7, 1 7 13) from Moate Meeting, County West Meath, 

Ireland, received 12 Mo. 6, 17 13. 

One James Halliday and Hannah Leaze, both of Lurgan, were 
married at Lurgan ^Ieeting, 8 Mo. 27, 1703 {Minutes of Ulstet 
Province Meeting. ) 

William and Deborah Halliday had six children : Robert, b. 7 
Mo. 16, 1702, in Ireland ; Rachel, b. 10 Mo. 25, 1704, m. 
Andrew Moore, of Sadsbury, 4 Mo. 24, 1725 ; Jacob b. 8 Mo. 
18, 1706, d. 5 Mo. 24, 1721 ; Margaret, b. 11 .Mo. 13, 1709, ni. 

Newark or Kennett Monthly Meeting 337 

Samuel Miller, son of Gayen, 4 Mo. 29, 1732 ; Sarah, b. i Mo. 
14, 1713 ; Deborah, b. 2 Mo. 28, 1716, m. Jonathan, son of 
James Lindley, 2 Mo. 15, 1743, and had four children (Jacob, b. 
9 Mo. 18, 1744, m. Hannah Miller, and was an eminent Quaker 
minister; James b. 10 Mo. 18, 1746; Jonathan, b. 9 Mo. 18, 
1750; Deborah, b. 12 Mo. 26, 1753). 

Robert Halliday, son of William and Deborah, m. ist Miriam 
Haines, daughter of Joseph, of Nottingham, 4 Mo. 3, 1730; m. 
2d, in 1739 o'' 1740. Mabel Anderson, a Friend from Ireland. 
They had two children : (1) Jacob, m. ist to Patience, daughter 
of Thomas and Hannah Painter, of Concord, 4 Mo. 13, 1768, 

and 2d to Ann . He died 3 Mo. 22, 1822; she died 

about 1836 or 1837. (2) Phebe m. 10 Mo. 24, 1765, Isaac 
Jackson, son of John and Sarah (Miller) Jackson. — Jackson Gene- 
alogy, 221-2. 

At a meeting of the Board of Property, 12 Mo. 2, 1726, 
"Alex' Mongumry requests (By his Brother-in-Law Wm. Halli- 
day) the Grant of a piece of Land near Octoraro Creek, for a 
Settlement." — Peniia. Archives, 2d Series, XIX., 745. 

John Allen, from Ireland, received, 2 Mo. 3, 17 13. 

John Allen, b. 8 Mo. 3, 1694 ; d. 9 Mo. 16, 1771 ; m. in 1719, 
Amy Cox, and settled in London Grove Township, Chester 
County. Children: (i) John, b. 2 Mo. 8, 1720; d. 10 Mo. i, 
1754; m. 9 Mo. 12, 1740, Phebe Scarlett, and lived in London 
Grove (2) Rebecca, \>. 8 Mo. 8, 1722 ; m. (ist) Alexander Mode 
and (2d) William Chandler. (3) Emey (Amy), b. 6 Mo. 8, 1725 ; 
m. Philip Ward. (4) Elizabeth, b. 2 Mo. 29, 1728 ; m. Simon 
Dixson. (5) William, b. 8 Mo. 3, 1730; m. 5 Mo. 24, 1758, 
Sarah Greave. (6) Joseph, b. 5 Mo. 12, 1733; m. 11 Mo. 13, 
1755, Deborah Hill. (7) Mary, b. n Mo. i, 1738; m. Moses 
Fraizer. (8) Phebe, b. 2 Mo. 9, 1739; d. 10 Mo. 19, 1787. (9) 
Benjamin, b. 8 Mo. 4, 1742 ; m. 12 Mo. 20, 1764, Hannah Green- 
field. — History of Chester County, 463. 

One William Allen and Martha Mackie, both of Ballyhagen 
Meeting, County Armagh, were married, i Mo. 6, 1700, at Bally- 
hagen Meeting. — Minutes of Lister Province Meeting. 

William Taylor, from Ballytore, County Kildare, Ireland, 
received 10 Mo. 4, 17 14. 

338 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

RouERT Johnson, and wife Margaret, from Carlow Meeting, 

Ireland, received 12 Mo. 5, 1714. 

Robert Johnson and wife Margaret, nee Berthwaite, settled on 
a tract of 200 acres of land in New Garden, where he died in 
1732, leaving children : I'enjamin, James, Joshua, Robert, Abi- 
gail, and Ann. Of these Joshua, b. 7 Mo. 29, 1696, at Coleboy, 
County Wicklow, m. Sarah, daughter of Gayen and Margaret 
Miller. (Children : James, Lydia, Margaret, William, Sarah, 
Joshua, Hannah, Robert, Dinah, Rebecca, and David.) Robert 
Johnson, Jr., m. Katharine, daughter of Simon and Ruth Hadly, 
and Imd children : Hannah, Simon, Caleb, Lydia, Stephen, Jona- 
than, and Isaac. — History of Chester County, 615. 

Martha Wainhous, from Dublin, dated i Mo. 17, 17 14; 
received 12 Mo. 4, 1715. 

Thomas Lightfoot, from Moate Meeting, County West 
Meath, Ireland, received 6 Mo. 4, 1716. 


Thomas Lightfoot,' a highly esteemed minister of the Society 
of Friends, was born about 1645, perhaps in Cambridgeshire, and 
may have been the son of another Thomas Lightfoot who suflered 
persecution for his Quaker belief at Cambridge, in 1653,2 and was 
a companion of George Whitehead in his religious journeys. In 
1692, the younger Thomas was living in the neighborhood of 
Lisburn Meeting, County Antrim, Ireland ; for on 8 Mo. 27 of 
that year he was appointed on a committee to buy the Friends 
graveyard at Lisburn from Robert Richardson. In 1694, he re- 
moved from the north of the Island to Moate Meeting in County 
West Meath. 3 Thence in 1716* he came to New Garden, Penn- 
sylvania. Early in 1724 he paid a religious visit to New Eng- 
land. He died at Darby, now Delaware County, 9 Mo. 4, 1725, 
" greatly beloved " says his intimate friend Thomas Chalkley,' 

'Gilbert Cope, Genealogy of the Smcdley Family, 1 94-6, Iliitory of 
Chester County, by] ; A Collection of Memorials, dT,-^ (Phila. 1787); 
BoTuden, 11., 260-1. 

*Besse, I., 85. 

'At Ulster Province Meeting, 5 Mo. 31, 1697, Thomas Lightfoot is 
mentioned as having the custody of £\^ of meeting funds. 

* Proud, \\., 188. 

' Journal, 163. 

Newark or Kennett Monthly Meeting 339 

"for his Piety and Virtue, his sweet disposition and hvely Minis- 

The name of his hrst wife is thought to have been Mary, after 
whose death he married Sarah Wiley, a widow, about the time of 
his removal to West Meath. Toward the close of 1724 he was 
married to Margaret, widow of John Blunston, of Darby, to 
which place he removed. He had at least nine children : 

1. Catharine, m. 1700, James Miller, and arrived in Philadel- 
phia in 1729, where she died a few days later. 

2. Michael Lightfoot,' b. about 1683, m. in Ireland, Mary 
Newby, daughter of John Newby, of Dublin, and came to New 
Garden, Chester County, in 1712. He was appointed an elder 
in 1725, and recommended as a minister in 1728. He travelled 
extensively in religious service in America, Great Britain, and 
Ireland. In 1743, he removed to Philadelphia to take the post 
of Provincial Treasurer, an office he held until his death, 12 Mo. 
3, 1754. His children were: Sarah, b. 4 Mo. 30, 1707, m. 
John Hutton ; Elinor, b. 10 Mo. 16, 1708, m. 3 Mo. 2, 1734, at 
New Garden, Francis Parvin ; Mary, b. i Mo. 20, 1710-11, m. 
Samuel Clarke; Katharine, b. 6 Mo. 12, 1714; Thomas, b. 5 
Mo. 16, 1716 ; WilUam, b. 3 Mo. 22, 1720. m. Jane George. 

3. William Lightfoot, m. 2 Mo. 24, 1706, Isabel Holmes, of 
Lahinchey, King's County, Ireland. He made a visit to his rela- 
tives in Pennsylvania, in 1725. 

4. Abigail, m. Joseph Wiley, in Ireland, in 1715, and came to 
Pennsylvania with her father. Children : Sarah, b. 1 1 Mo. 6, 
1716 ; Ann, b. 9 Mo. 6, 1718 ; John, b. 1 1 Mo. 19, 1721. 

5. Elizabeth, b. i Mo. 11, 1695-6, at Bally Kieran, County 
West Meath, m. 2 Mo. 1717, Arthur Jones, of Merion Meeting, 

6. Sarah, b. 5 Mo. 29, 1698 ; d. 1702. 

7. Samuel Lightfoot, b. 2 Mo. 5, 1701, m. 7 Mo. 30, 1725, at 
New Garden Meeting, Chester County, to Mary, daughter of 
Benjamin and Sarah (Abbott) Head, and afterwards settled in 
Pikeland Township, Chester County. He was a prominent sur- 
veyor and Justice of the Peace ; d. near Chester, 2 Mo. 26, 1777. 
Children : Benjamin, b. 6 Mo. 28, 1726, also a surveyor ; 
Thomas, b. 2 Mo. 7, 1728, d. 10 Mo. 5, 1793 ; Samuel Abbott, b. 
I Mo. 7, 1729-30, d. 7 Mo. 30, 1759, at Pittsburgh ; William, b. 
I Mo. 20, 1732, d. II Mo. 25, 1797. 

8. Margaret, b. 12 Mo. 18, 1702; m. 12 Mo. 20, 1723, Isaac 
Starr, of New Garden. 

'Cope, Genealogy of Smedley Family, 1 95 ; Proud, II., 232 ; Bowden, 
11., 387. 

340 Imniigratioti of the Irish Quakers 

g. Jacob Lightfoot, b. lo Mo. 16, 1706, at Bally Kieran, near 
Athlone, Ireland; m. 3 Mo. 21, 1735. ^' Darby Meeting, Mary, 
daughter of Obadiah and Sarah (Bethel) Bonsall, of that place. 
He took a certificate from New Garden to Chester, in 1733, and 
removed thence, about 1735, to Maiden Creek, Berks County, 
where he died 6 Mo. 17, 1781. His wife, who was a minister 
among Friends, died at Maiden Creek, 8 Mo. 10, 1777. Chil- 
dren : Joseph, b. 6 Mo. 30, 1736, d. 9 Mo. 27, 1784, m. Deborah, 
daughter of Nehemiah Hutton ; Sarah, b. 10 Mo. 28, 1738, d. 
7 Mo., 1775, m. Francis Parvin, 5 Mo. 16, 1759; Thomas, b. 
7 Mo. 21, 1742, d. 12 Mo. 24, 1821, m. Hannah Wright, 5 Mo. 
II, 1774; Ann, b. i Mo. 3, 1745, d. 4 Mo. 17, 1807 ; Grace, b. 
7 Mo. 17, 1748, d. 9 Mo. II, 1784, m. William Tomlinson, 5 
Mo. 12, 1773. 

Joseph Wiley, son-in-law of Thomas Lightfoot, Moate Meet- 
ing, County West Meath, received 6 Mo. 4, 1716. 

Simon Hadley, and wife Ruth from Moate Meeting, County 
West Meath, received 6 Mo. 4, 17 16. 

They came from Ireland about 171 2, and settled in New Castle 
County, near the New Garden line. A house which he erected 
in 1717 was still standing in 1881. Children : Joseph, b. 8 Mo. 
25, 1698; Deborah, b. 2 Mo. 25, 1701 ; Joshua, b. 3 Mo. 6, 
1703; Simon, b. 12 Mo. 23, 1704-5; d. 11 Mo. 4, 1 730-1 ; 
Hannah, b. 11 Mo. 16, 1709-10; Ruth, b. i 2 Mo. 6, 1711-2; 
Katharine, b. 2 Mo. 25, 1715 ; Ann, b. 12 Mo. 7, 1717-18. 
The mother died 12 Mo. 18, 1750-1, and was buried at New 
Garden, after which Simon married Phebe, widow of Richard 
Buffington, of Bradford, Chester County. (//«/. Chester County, 

John Starr, received 8 Mo. 5, 17 17, from Old Castle 
Monthly Meeting, County Meath, Ireland. 

Tho.mas Jackson, received 10 Mo. 7, 1717, from Old Castle 
Monthly Meeting, County Meath, Ireland. 

Newark or Kennett IMotithly Meeting 341 

Thomas Jackson, of Old Castle, County East Meath, linen-draper, by 
deed of Jan. 19, 1715, purchased from Ebenezer Pike, of Cork, merchant, 
land in Pennsylvania (Phila. Deeds, F. 7, p. 326). By first wife he had 
four children : Ruth, who married Joseph Martin, Isaac, Samuel, and 
Benjamin. He came to Pennsylvania about 1717, and was married a 
second time, 10 Mo. 25, 1718, at New Garden Meeting, to Mary Wiley, 
of New Garden, probably a step-daughter of Thomas Lightfoot. He died 
in East Marlborough, in 1727. 

At New Garden Monthly Meeting, 7 Mo. 28, 1728, "Mary 
Jackson acquainted this Meeting that she intended to go to Ire- 
land to Visit her Relations and Requested to have a Certificate." 
Her certificate was signed 8 Mo. 26, 1728. 

Mary, widow of Thomas Jackson, of East Marlborough, made 
her will 8 Mo. 28, 1729, and it was probated Dec. 20, 1729. She 
states that she is now ' ' at Sea aboard the Sizargh, of Whitehaven, 
Jeremiah Cowman, Master, Bound for Philadelphia, I now being 
Indisposed in Body." She mentions her sons-in-law, Samuel, 
Isaac, and Benjamin Jackson ; her brother, John Wiley, in Penn- 
sylvania (to whom she leaves £.\o) ; and her daughter-in-law, 
Ruth Martin, in County Cavan, Ireland (to whom she bequeaths 
£io). Witnesses to the will were : James Miller, Lambert Emer- 
son and Robert White. In the accounts of her estate is a record 
of "Cash P"^ Nathan Cowman," ^^3.4.4. 

Joseph Martin, and wife Ruth, received 10 Mo. 7, 171 7, 
from Old Castle, County Meath, Ireland. At New Garden 
Montly Meeting, 8 Mo. 11, 17 18, a certificate to Philadel- 
phia was signed for them. 

Moses Starr, and wife Deborah, received 10 Mo. 7, 1717, 
from Old Castle, County Meath, Ireland. 

Jeremiah Starr, received 3 Mo. 3, 17 18, from Carlow 
Meeting, Ireland. 

Samuel Kirk, unmarried, received 12 Mo. 6, 17 19, from 
Lurgan Meeting, County Armagh, Ireland. 

William Whitaker, received 10 Mo. 2, 1721, from Dublin, 

Edward Thornbury, received 9 Mo. 6, 1725, from Lurgan 
Meeting, County Armagh, Ireland. 

Thomas Wilson and family received 7 Mo. 3, 1726, from 
Ballynacree Meeting, County Antrim, Ireland. 

342 hnmigration of the Irish Quakers 

George ^L\rsh, son of Joshua, unmarried, received 7 Mo. 
6, 1727, dated 5 Mo. 22, 172S, from Grange Monthly 
Meeting, near Charlemont, County Armagh, Ireland. 

Miriam Andrews "produced a Certificate from lurgan 
[Meeting, County Armagh] in the north of ierland," to 
the woman's branch of Newark Mo. Mtg., 7 Mo. 6, 1729. 

As her husband, William Andrews, did not produce a certifi- 
cate, it is presumed he was not a Friend. In his will,' dated 1 1 
Mo. 23, 1747-4S, probated March 25, 1748, he is mentioned as 
yeoman of Christiana Hundred, Xew Castle County, upon Dela- 
ware. He speaks of his "servant, James Xash, a man bought 
of George Robinson," and bequeaths his property to his wife 
Miriam and children, Ruth, Ezekiel, Hannah, and John. The 
Andrews were related in some way to the Hollingsworths ; for 
"At a meeting of the Commissioners of Property 8 b'2 d 1731 
* * * Samuel Hollingsworth (on behalf of his Kinsman \Vm. 
Andrees) request the Grant of about 100 Acres of vac' Land in 
Kennet, between the Land late Ezekiel Harlan's and James 

Miriam Andrews, of the Borough of Wilmington, widow of 
William Andrews, in her will, dated 6 Mo. 20, 1750, probated 
Sept. 5, 1750 (G. I, p. 419), mentions her " cosin Jane Hartley 
wife of Thomas Heartly," her sons Ezekiel and John Andrews 
and daughters, Hannah West and Ruth Andrews, the latter to be 
placed as an apprentice with Elinor Robinson. 

The children of William and Miriam, as shown by meeting 
records, were as follows : 

1. Ezekiel, b. 11 .Mo. 21, 1729; d. 3 Mo. 4, 1772; m. 5 Mo. 
8, 1761, Rebecca Robinson. Their son, James Andrews, re- 
moved to Darby, now Delaware County, Pa., married Martha 
Bunting, and had a son James, who married Hannah Lloyd. 

2. Hannah, b. 5 Mo. 14, 1732, m. 8 Mo. 19, 1749, Joseph 

3. Ruth, b. 7 Mo. 23, 1734. 

4. John, b. 6 Mo. 2, 1736, m. Sarah Ferris. 

In 1671, Christian Anderson for tithe had taken by the " Priest 
of the Parish of Kilmore," County Armagh, wheat, barley, oats, 
maslin, and hay to the value of ^4. 1 5s. 6d. — Stockdale, A Great 
Cry of Oppression, 4. 

William MacCool, received 7 Mo. 6, 1729, from Bally- 
nacree, Antrim County, Ireland. 

' Book G. I, page 109, Register's OflSce, Wilmington, Del. 

Newark or Ke7inett Monthly Meeting 343 

John Clark, son of Walter, received 7 Mo. 6, 1729, dated 
3 Mo. 27, 1729, from Grange, County Antrim, Ireland. 

Samuel Clark, unmarried, son of Walter Clark, received 
8 Mo. 4, 1729, dated 3 Mo. 27, 1729, from Grange, County 
Antrim, Ireland, where he was ' ' born and bred. ' ' 
Original in possession of Gilbert Cope, West Chester Pa. 
Samuel Clark, of Marlborough, Chester County, Pa., son 
of Walter Clark, of Grange, County Antrim, Ireland, was 
married, 8 Mo. 6, 1727, at New Garden, to Mary, 
daughter of Michael Lightfoot. 

John Clark, son of Walter Clark, received 4 Mo. 5, 1731, 
from Grange, County Antrim, Ireland, dated 3 Mo. 27, 

1729. Original in possession of Gilbert Cope, of West 
Chester, Pa. 

Thomas Christy, received 9 Mo. 4, 1735, from Ballyhagan 
Monthly Meeting, County Armagh, Ireland. 

In 1675, in County Antrim, Alexander Christy, for tithe by 
"John Charlton, Tithmonger (being his Landlord) at the pay- 
ment of his Rent, eight shillings, and would not receive the rest, 
unless he would give eight shillings more ; and because Alexander 
would not, for one pound of Rent due he took a Cow from him 
worth one pound ten shilUngs." — Stockdale, 49. 

Samuel Clark, unmarried, dated 4 Mo. 26, 1735, from Lis- 
burn Meeting, County Antrim, Ireland, formerly of Grange, 
County Antrim, "having for some time past dwelt at 
Hillsborough which is a branch of our Meeting." Orig- 
inal in possession of Gilbert Cope, West Chester, Pa. 

Mary Varman (a young woman), daughter of Hattill Var- 
man, dated i Mo. 8, 1729-30, from Monthly Meeting at 
Cooladine, probably in County of Wexford, Ireland. 

OuivLii McCooL, " ye Bearer Widow & Relict, to John Mc- 
Cool Deceased," dated 2 Mo. 7, 1729, from Ballynacree 
Meeting, County Antrim, Ireland. Original in possession 
of Gilbert Cope, West Chester, Pa. The McCools ap- 
parently removed to Kent County, Marjdand. 

Elizabeth Clark, unmarried, daughter of Walter Clark, 
received i Mo. 6, 1735-36, dated 3 Mo. 10, 1735, from 

344 Immigratioti of the Irish Quakers 

Antrim Meeting, Ireland, endorsed, 4 Mo. 26, 1735, by 
Six Week's Meeting in Lisburn, County Antrim, Ireland. 
She "was born and Educated at Grange within the Lim- 
mits of this Mens Meeting, and her parents were friends 
in Unity with us, (whose memory is dear unto many of us)." 
Her father died a " Good Many Years agoe, & Some more 
than three Years Since her Mother also Dyed, on which 
account she found it Nessasery to Remove from Grange to 
some of her Relations at Dublin and Hillsborough after 
her mother's death." "She dwelt for Some Years past at 
Hillsborough as within mentioned." Original MS. in 
possession of Gilbert Cope, of West Chester, Pa. She 
married Benjamin Jackson, in 1736. 

About 1655, "a Meeting was settled at the Grange, below 
Antrim (Co. Antrim), at the house of Gabriel Clark, an honest, 
religious, antient man, who received Truth as also his Wife and 
Family." — Rutty, p. 91. Gilbert Cope, of West Chester, Pa., 
has a very full and interesting manuscript account of Gabriel 
Clark and family. 

At Ulster Province Meeting, 2 Mo. 14, 1705, it was stated that 
"Walter Clark hath built a meeting house at Grange for y' Ser- 
vice of truth and use of friends." In his will, dated 5 Mo. 7, 
1705, James Greenwood mentions his brother-in-law, Walter 
Clark. Nathaniel Clark and Elizabeth ( jreenwood, both of Grange 
Mtg., Co. Antrim, were married there, 10 Mo. 22, 1701. — Min- 
utes of Ulster Province Meeting: 

At Ulster Province Meeting, 2 Mo. 14, 1705, report was made 
that "Walter Clark hath built a meeting house at Grange for 
y" Service of truth & use of friends." In 1716, Thomas Story 
\joumal, 537) mentions that he came to "Grange to Walter 

Mabel Anderson, unmarried, received i Mo. 4, 1737-8; 
dated 3 Mo. 12, 1737, from Ballyhagan, County Armagh, 
Ireland ; "with ye Consent of her Mother and Relations 
Consent." She goes "in company with her uncle 
William." Original certificate in possession of Gilbert 
Cope, West Chester, Pa. She was married, about 1740, 
by a "priest" to Robert Halliday, of New Garden, who 
was not a Friend. 

Mary Varman, unmarried, from Ireland, received 4 Mo. 
24, 1732- 

Newark or Kennett Mojithly Meeting 345 

Sarah Pringle, from Ballyhagen Meeting, Ireland, received 
II Mo. 4, 1734-5- 

Robert Whinerv, unmarried, from Grange, Ireland, re- 
ceived 5 Mo. I, 173S. 

Robert Whinery,' weaver, came from Grange, near Charlemont, 
about 1738, and seems to have settled at Wilmington, Delaware, 
his certificate from Grange being received at Newark or Kennett 
Monthly Meeting, 5 Mo. i, 1738. About the latter part of 1740, 

he was married by a Presbyterian minister to Isabel , who 

was not a Friend. Wilmington Preparative Meeting made report of 
this infraction of the Society's rules to Newark Monthly Meeting, I 
Mo. 7, 1 740- 1. After some delay Whinery was induced to 
make the following acceptable acknowledgment, which was read 
in a First-day Meeting at Wilmington : 

"To the Monthly Meeting of Newark held at Kennett y1 4th: 
of y'. 5th; Mo. 1741. Dear friends : These May inform you that 
Contrary to >■; principle of truth in my own heart as well as the 
Repeated & Continued Caution & Advice of my friends, I have 
accomplished my marriage out of y= good order Established 
amongst them by a Presbyterian Minister which hath been cause 
of Sorrow to me ; Which act I hereby Condemn & take y' blame 
to my self with desires of your Prayers for my future preservation 
in the way of Peace ; from your friend 

"Robert Whinery." 

In 1749, Robert Whinery was assessed in Kennett Township, 
Chester, but about 1750, he removed with his family to York 
County, settling within the limits of Newberry Meeting, his cer- 
tificate of removal from Newark, dated 7 Mo. i, 1750, being 
received at Warrington Monthly Meeting, 10 Mo. 21, 1752. Rob- 
ert Whinery' s membership in the Society of Friends was discon- 
tinued in 1754. 

' John and Elinor Whinery were present at a marriage at Ballyhagen 
Meeting, in 1702, and Matthew Whinery was at a marriage at the same 
place, in 1703. 

Thomas Whinnery and Katharine Smith, both of Parish of Kilmore, 
County Armaugh, members of Ballyhagen Meeting, were married at Bally- 
hagen Meeting House, 11 Mo. 23, 1706. Among the signers were 
Thomas Whinnery, Katharine Whinnery, Mary Smith, Sr., Mary 
Smith, Rose Smith, Francis Hobson, John Smith, James Smith. 

In 1749 and 1750, one Patrick Whinnery was licensed as a peddlar in 
Chester County, Pa. In his petition to the court he stated that he had 
been a weaver, but having broken a thigh had "fallen into a consumption." 
— Hist. Chester County, 432. He was assessed as a single freeman in 
Kennett Township in 1747 and 1749, and in East Marlborough Township, 
in 1750, 1753, and 1754. 

346 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

By deed of May 19, 1771, Robert Whinery, of Newberry 
Township, York County, weaver, and Isabel, his wife, conveyed 
to their son Thomas a tract of 290 acres of land which had been 
granted to Robert by warrant of April 4, 1768 {Rt-coriier s Office, 
ViirJt, Pii). In his will, dated Jan. 7, 1785, probated Sept. 23, 
1791, Robert Whinery mentions his children, Hannah McCreary, 
Thomas, William, and Catharine Whinery, and grandchild Sarah 

I. Hannah Whinery, m. McCreary. Child, Sarah. 

II. Thomas Whinery, of Newberry Township, m. 12 Mo. 18, 
1 77 1, at Newberry Meeting, Phebe, daughter of Robert Mills, of 
same place. Among those who signed the marriage certificate 
were Robert, Isabel, Ann, and William Whinery, Robert and 
Mary Mills. Children were: Thomas, b. 10 Mo. 5, 1779, m., 
about 1807, Ruth Miller, who was not a Friend. (She and her 
daughter Phebe, b. 1808, were received as members of Warring- 
ton Monthly Meeting, in 1808. This family removed to Warren 
County, Ohio, in 1809, taking a certificate of removal to Centre 
Monthly Meeting.) 

III. William Whinery, of Newberry Township, York County, 
m. about 1776, Abigail McMillan, daughter of John and Jane 
(Boyd) McMillan. In 1791, William Whinery and his six chil- 
dren — Robert, John, Thomas, William, James, and Jane — were 
received as members of Warrington Monthly Meeting. About 
1806, this family removed to Columbiana County, Ohio, and made 
a location in Butler Township, near the present town of Winona, 
a certificate of removal to Salem Monthly Meeting, Ohio, being 
signed by Warrington Monthly Meeting, i Mo. 11, 1806. 
Children were : Robert, m. 10 Mo. 14, 1801, at Newberry Meet- 
ing, Phebe, daughter of Thomas and Phebe (Penrose) Leech 
(they removed westward about 1803 and settled near Winona); 
John received a certificate to Middleton Monthly Meeting, Ohio, 
in 1S04, and settled near Salem, Columbiana County ; Thomas, 
m. 9 Mo. 12, 1805, Lydia, daughter of Jediah and Jane (Penrose) 
Hussey (removed to near Salem, Ohio, about 1806) ; William, 
m. Margery Carroll ; James, b. 3 Mo. 10, 1787, m. .Sarah 
Carroll in Ohio (children, b. near Salem, Ohio, were Elizabeth, 
William, Joseph, Zimri, Dr. John C, Thomas, James, Edward, 
Eliza, Abigail, Ellwood, Newton, Sarah, and Isabel) ; Cieorge ; 
Jane, m. David Burson ; Zimri, m. Judith Wright ; Sarah, m. 
David Comley ; Abigail m. Benjamin Pettit. 

IV. Catharine Whinery. 

Neiv Garden Monthly Meeting 347 


In Chester County. Established in 1718, from Newark or Kennett. 

Samuel Beverly and wife Jennet, received 12 Mo. 9, 1722-3, 
from Ballynacree Monthly Meeting, Ireland. 

"Samuel Beverly and Jannett Hunter, both of Ballymony meet- 
ing," were married "at James Moors, ye 19th ^'- 1703/4 as by 
certificate may appear." {Minutes Ulster Province Meeting.) 
They settled in East Marlborough, Chester County, and were ac- 
companied by two children, William and Mary. William married 
Mary Miller in 1730, and dying before his father, left a son 
Samuel, who in 1753 married Ruth Jackson, daughter of Samuel 
Jackson, East Marlborough Twp., Chester Co. Mary Beverly, 
daughter of Samuel and Ruth, became the wife of William Cause 
and the mother of Jonathan Cause, principal of the celebrated 
Unionville (Chester Co.) Academy, which was attended by Bayard 
Taylor, the distinguished author and traveller. — Hist. Chester Co., 
p. 481. 

John Hutton, received 9 Mo. 9, 1723, from Dublin, Ire- 
land. See Joseph Hutton, pp. 330-2. 

Samuel Miller and wife Margaret (b. 1683), received 10 
Mo. 14, 1723, from Ballynacree Monthly Meeting, County 
Antrim, Ireland. 

They settled at Sadsbury, and were among the organizers of 
Sadsbury Meeting. He died in 1774. Children: Mary, m. 
William Cooper, 8 Mo. 18, 1730, and had children (Robert, Cal- 
vin, and William) ; Elizabeth m. William Reed, 8 Mo. 19, 1738 ; 
Robert, m. Sarah McClung, i Mo. 7, 1 741-2, and had childreri 
(Margaret, b. 1742; Samuel, b. 1744; Mary, b. 1747; Sarah, 
b. 1749; Robert, b. 1755).— Potts, Our Family Ancestors, 

One Samuel Miller and Jane Wyly, both of Lisnegarvy Meet- 
ing, were married at the home of Richard Boys (Ballinderry, 
County Antrim) 9 Mo. 21, 1698. 

Eli Crocket, unmarried, received 12 Mo. 8, 1723-4, from 
Ballynacree Meeting, County Antrim, Ireland. He and 
John Crocket had arrived as early as 1722. On 6 Mo. 8, 
1724, Eli was made overseer of Bush River Meeting, in 

348 Immigratioti oj the Irish Quaker's 

One Eli Crocket and Elizabeth Wilkison, both of Ballymoney 
Meeting, were married 11 Mo. 4, 1715, at the house of James 
Moore. — Minutes of Ulster Prov. Mtg. 

In 1676, Gilbert Crockett, of Bellirushane Parish, County 
Antrim, suffered persecution for tithes. — StockdaU-, 75. 

In 1681, t'lilbert and Eli Crockett, of Parish of IJellyrashean, 
County Antrim, had goods seized for tithes. — Ibid., 166. 

Eli Crockett, of Ballymoney, was on a committee of Ulster 
Province Meeting, in 1695. 

Andrew Moore, received 6 Mo. 8, 1724, from Ballynacree 

Meeting, County Antrim, Ireland. 

"Andrew Moore' and Margaret Wilson, both of Dunclady 
Meeting," were married " att y" house of Kathrine Henderson 
in Dunclady [County Antrim] y° 27"' day of y" 557 171 5 as by y' 
certificate may appear." {Alinutes of Ulster Province Meeting, 

Andrew Moore, according to his biographer and descendant, 
Dr. Passmore, was born 6 Mo., 1688, in County Antrim, and was 
a son of James Moore, of Ballynacree, County Antrim. His wife 
Margaret died probably about 1722 or 1723, shortly before his 
emigration. He and his family arrived at New Castle on Dela- 
ware, S Mo. 3, 1723, and settled on a tract of land lying in 
Sadsbury Township, Chester and Lancaster Counties. Here he 
engaged in milling and farming and was an active and influential 
member of Sadsbury Meeting. He was married a second time, 
4 Mo. 24, 1725, to Rachel, daughter of William Halliday, an- 
other Irish Friend. He died 7 Mo. 5, 1753, and was interred in 
Friends' burial ground, at Sadsbury Meeting House. Children 
were as follows : 

1. James, b. 3 Mo. 6, 17 16, came to Pennsylvania with his 
father in 1723 ; m., ist, 2 Mo. 16, 1741, at New (harden Meeting, 
Ann, daughter of Jeremiah and Rebecca (Jackson) Starr ; m. 2d 
Mary, daughter of Joseph Wildnian, of Bucks County ; m. 3d 
Ann, daughter of Caleb Jackson ; m. 4th Ann, daughter of John 
Minshal. He died 8 Mo. i, 1809. 

2. Mary, b. in 1718, m. 1st in 1742, William Carson, and re- 
sided for a time in Menallen Township, now Adams County ; m. 
2d James Hamel, of Tyrone Township, now Adams County. 

' In 1897, Dr. John .\. M. Passmore, of Philadelphia, issued an elaborate 
and carefully prepared genealogy of Andmu Moore ntid his Desitnilanls, 
in two large octavo volumes of 1600 pages. In the liglit of the above mar- 
riage record it would seem that lie had come to a wrong conclusion in stat- 
ing, on page 7, that Andrew Moore had married Margaret, daughter of 
Gaycn and Margaret (Henderson) Miller. 

New Garden Monthly Meeting 349 

3. Margaret, b. in 1719, m. Alexander Love. After living 
some years in York County they removed to near the present 
town of Yorkville, South Carolina, where Alexander became a 
prominent citizen, serving as a member of the Provincial Congress 
of S. C. 

4. Thomas, b. 1722, d. 8 Mo. 12, 1728. 

5. William, b. 10 Mo. 27, 1726; m. 5 Mo. 20, 1749, at Sads- 
bury, Rachel, daughter of William Marsh. 

6. Robert, b. 9 Mo. i, 1728 ; d. 3 Mo. 25, 1732. 

7. David, b. in 1731 ; d. 5 Mo. 20, 1744. 

8. Andrew, b. 12 Mo. i, 1733 ; m. 9 Mo. 26, 1754, at Sads- 
bury, Rebecca, daughter of Jeremiah and Rebecca (Starr) Jack- 
son. He died 5 Mo., 1801. 

9. Joseph, b. 7 Mo. 13, 1736 ; m. 1 Mo. 22, 1756, at Sadsbury 
Meeting, Jane, daughter of Henry Marsh. He died 7 Mo. 13, 

10. Robert, b. 10 Mo. 22, 1739, i^- "' ^^o- 'o. 1768, at Sads- 
bury, Mar)', daughter of Moses Brinton ; d. 2 Mo. 9, 1826. 

11. John, b. 10 Mo. 3, 1742; m. 5 Mo. i, 1765, to Sarah, 
daughter of William Downing, d. 6 Mo. 28, 1821. 

12. David, b. 10 Mo. 13, 1745 ; m. 10 Mo. 5, 1768, at Sads- 
bury, Martha, daughter of Joseph Williams ; d. i Mo. 16, 1829. 

13. Rachel, b. 3 Mo. 12, 1742; m. 11 Mo. 12, 1761, at Sads- 
bury, John, son of Thomas Truman ; d. 7 Mo. i, 1828. 

14. Sarah, m. II Mo. i, 1769, at Sadsbury, William Truman, 
son of Thomas. (Moore Genealogy.) 

William Lightfoot, received 8 Mo. 9, 1725, from Moate 
Monthly .Meeting, County West Meath, Ireland, to "visit 
his father &: relations." A certificate for him to return 
to Ireland was signed 10 Mo. 11, 1725. 

Isaac Jackson and wife, received 9 Mo. 10, 1725, dated i 
Mo. 28, 1725, from Carlow Monthly Meeting, County Car- 
low, Ireland. 

Anthony Jackson, born at Eccleston, Parish of St. Michael, 
Lancashire, England, removed, in 1649, with his elder brother, 
Richard Jackson, sometime soldier in the Parliamentary Army, 
and settled at Lurgan, County Armagh, Ireland. Here they 
were among the first converts to Quakerism in Ireland. In 1655 
they removed to Cavan, where Anthony probably resided the re- 
mainder of his life. In 1670, and as late as 1681, he is men- 
tioned in Basse as suffering persecution and imprisonment for 
non-payment of tithes. 

Isaac Jackson (1665-1750), son of Anthony, was married 2 

350 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

Mo. 29, 1696, at Oldcastle Mtg., Co. Meath, to Ann Evans, 
daughter of Rowland Evans, of Balliloing, Co. Wicklow. After 
residing for some years at Oldcastle and Clonerany, Co. Wex- 
ford, they removed, about 1706-07, to Ballytore, Co. Kildare. 
From here they removed to Pennsylvania, taking passage at Dub- 
lin on the Sizargh, and reached New Castle, on Delaware, 9 
Mo. II, 1725. They proceeded at once from New Castle to the 
home of a son-in-law, Jeremiah Starr, who had married a daugh- 
ter, Rebecca Jackson, at Ballytore, 11 Mo. 10, 1716, and had 
settled in London Grove Twp., Chester Co. An e.xtended record 
of the descendants of Isaac Jackson's ten children will be found 
in Halliday Jackson's Jackson Family and in History of Ches- 
ter County, p. 610. 

SiSMORE Wright and wife, received 9 Mo. 10, 1725, from 
Ballycane Monthly Meeting, County Wicklow, Ireland. 
Children of Sismore and Margaret Wright, born in Ireland, as 
follows: Isaac, 12 Mo. 4, 1718 ; Thomas, 5 Mo. 11, 1719 (d. 3 
Mo. 29, 1802, in Berks County); Margaret, 10 Mo. 18, 1720; 
Ann, 4 Mo. 21, 1723. New Garden Monthly Meeting, 2 Mo. 26, 
1735, signed a certificate for this family to North Wales (Gwynedd) 
Monthly Meeting, and they settled within the limits of Exeter 
Meeting, in Berks County. 

One Mark Wright, son of Rowland Wright, of "Sheep 
Pastor, (nere) Gisborough," Yorkshire, England, and wife, 
" Ayles," was born 2 Mo. 25, 1619, at "Sheep Pastor." About 
1647, " he married Ann, daughter of Thomas Carlyle, " of New- 
ton (nere Whittby)," England. Came to Ireland 6 Mo., 1654. 
Children : Jane, b. 9 Mo. 1651, at Numebeck, Yorkshire ; Ayles, 
b. 4 Mo. 1653, at same place ; John, b. 3 Mo. 1656, at Lygatory, 
Parish of Shankill, Co. Armagh ; Ann, b. there 8 Mo., 1658; 
Mark, b. there 4 Mo., 1660; Jane, b. there 1662. — Lurgan 

Jonathan Garnett and wife Mary, received 10 Mo. 30, 
1727, from Grange Monthly Meeting, near Charlemont, 
County Armagh, Ireland. 

Thomas Valentine, received 2 Mo. 27, 1728, from Carlow 
Monthly Meeting, Ireland. 

Thomas Valentine, of Ballybrumhill, County Carlow, Ireland, 
son of George Valentine,' of same place, was married, 9 Mo. 22, 
171 5, at Kilconner, to Mary Parke, of Ballylean, daughter of 

' In 1677, in County Wexford, George Valentine had his goods seized for 
\i'Cats.—Slockdate, 89. 

New Garden Monthly Meeting 3 5 1 

Thomas and Rebecca Paike, of same place {Records of Carlow 
Monthly Meeting). They made their first settlement after their 
arrival in this country in New Garden Township, Chester County, 
where in i729and 1730 Thomas was assessed. A little later they 
removed to New Providence now Montgomery County, where he 
died about 1747, leaving children, Robert, John, Thomas, Jona- 
than, and perhaps others. 

Robert Valentine,' son of Thomas, b. 7 Mo. 21, 17 17, at Bally- 
brumhill ; d. East Cain, 7 Mo. 21, 1786; m. 4 Mo. 4, 1747, at 
Cain Meeting, Rachel, daughter of John and Mary Edge. She 
was b. 6 Mo. 29, 1725 ; d. i Mo. 31, 1779. They were both 
buried in Friends' ground at Uwchlan, Chester County. Children 
were : Thomas, Mary, Robert 2 (m. Ann Bond), Rachel (m. Joseph 
Malin), Jane, Sarah, Phebe (m. Abraham Sharpless), George (m. 
Phebe Ashbridge), John, .Susanna (m. George Massey). Robert 
Valentine became an eminent minister of Friends and travelled 
extensively in that service, including a visit to Great Britain at the 
close of the Revolution. 

Thomas Valentine, son of Thomas, m. Nov. 23, 1750, his 
cousin Rebecca Robinson and d. 1762, in Charlestown Township, 
Chester County, leaving children, Thomas, William, Mary, 
Rachel, and John. 

Jonathan Valentine, son of Thomas, b. about 1730 ; m. in 
1755 or 1756, Lydia, daughter of John and Lydia (Pusey) Bald- 
win. They settled in East Cain, where Jonathan died about 
1811. Children: Absalom, Jehu, John, Jonathan, Elizabeth, 
Mary, Lydia (m. Jesse Evans) and Thomas.^ 

Francis Parvin, received 6 Mo. 31, 1728, from Moate 
Monthly Meeting, County West Meath. 

Francis Parvin* (whose ancestors according to tradition re- 
moved from Yorkshire to Ireland) of Ballykilroe, County West 
Meath, was married, 12 Mo. (Feb.) 16, 1723-4, at Edenderry 
Meeting, King's County, to Deborah Pearson, of Drighen, County 
Kildare.5 About 1728 they came to Pennsylvania, the wife dying 
shortly after the arrival. He settled for a short time in New 
Garden, and then about 1732 removed to Chester. On 3 Mo. 2, 

'Some of this branch of the family removed to Bellefonte, Centre Co., 
Pa., and were largely interested in iron manufacture. 

2 For a full record see SmeJley Genealogy. 

'^History of Chester County, 7S0-51. 

* Francis Parvin was a Justice of the Peace and also represented Berks 
County in the Provincial Assembly. 

5 Marriage certificate in possession of a descendant, Jeremiah Starr 
Parvin, Leesport, Berks County, Pa. 

352 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

1734, he was married at New Garden, to Eleanor, daughter of 
^Iichael Lightfoot, of New Garden, and removed about this time 
to Maiden Creek, Berks County, where he died 7 Mo. 6, 1767, 
and his wife Eleanor, 12 Mo. 17, 1775. 

In his will dated 6 Mo. 20, 1767 (probated Sept. 3, 1767), he 
provides for his wife Eleanor ; leaves to his son Francis a tract of 
120 acres of land, including " my dwelling house with Tanyard"; 
to son Thomas Parvin, 143 acres in Maiden Creek ; to sons 
Benjamin and John 143 acres each, in Maiden Creek ; to son 
William "My Grist & saw mill" and about 136 acres in same 
township ; remainder to be equally divided among son Pearson 
Parvin and daughters Mary Pearson, Ann Wright, and Eleanor 

Children of Francis Parvin : ' 

I. Thomas Parvin, m. 4 Mo. 17, 1754, at Goshen Meeting, 
Chester County, Mary, daughter of Isaac Starr, of Goshen. 

II. Francis Parvin, Jr., son of Francis, by his first wife 
Deborah, m. 5 iMo. 16, 1759, at Maiden Creek Meeting, Berks 
County, Sarah, daughter of Jacob and Mary Lightfoot, of Maiden 
Creek. She died 7 Mo. 1775, and he m. secondly, Susanna 

(d. 10 Mo. 23, 1808). He made a visit to Ireland, 1752- 

1754. Children by first wife: Deborah, b. 4 Mo. 23, 1760 
Mary, b. 7 Mo. II, 1762 ; Hannah, b. 9 Mo. 10, 1764, d. 3 Mo 
I, 1769 ; Sarah, b. 10 Mo. 4, 1766 ; Francis, b. 2 Mo. 27, 1769 
Hannah, b. 10 Mo. 21, 1771, d. 8 Mo. 18, 1790; Jacob, b. 7 
Mo. 10, 1775, d. 12 Mo. 14, 1813. Children by second wife 
Thomas, b. 10 Mo. 10, 1782, d. 6 Mo. 30, 1799; Susanna, b 
I Mo. 29, 1785 ; d. 3 Mo. I, 1870; Elizabeth, b. 10 Mo. 9, 
1786; d. 12 Mo. 26, 1787; Elizabeth, b. 12 Mo. 8, 1788; d. 10 
Mo. 3, 1 86 1. 

III. Pearson Parvin, b. 12 Mo. 3, 1734-5. 

IV. Mary Parvin, b. 3 Mo. 19, 1736; m. Benjamin Pearson, 

V. John Parvin, b. 2 Mo. 8, 1738 ; m. Mary, daughter of Law- 
rence and Edith Pearson, 5 Mo. 4, 1768, at Maiden Creek Meeting. 

VI. William Parvin, of Maiden Creek, m. 7 Mo. 17, 1765, at 
Maiden Creek Meeting, Mary, daughter of ^Ierrick and Phebe 

VII. Ann Parvin, b. 9 Mo. 3, 1742 ; m. Benjamin Wright, 1766. 

VIII. Eleanor Parvin, b. 8 Mo. 2, 1746 ; m. Isaac Wright, 1768. 

— Records of Exftcr Monthly Meeting. 

Thomas Parvin, unmarried, received 6 Mo. 13, 1728, from 
Moate Monthly Meeting, County West Meath, Ireland. 

' In 1680, in Cciunly West Mcath, one " Francis Pervin of ISollykilroe in 
the Uaroiiy of Clonlonnon," had four lambs, valued at 8 s., seized for tithes. 
—Slociiiale, 1 53. 

New Garden Monthly li feeling 353 

Lawrenxe Richardson, unmarried, received 6 Mo. 31, 1728, 
from Grange Meeting, Ireland. 

Hattill and wife Abigail, from Cooladine Meeting, 
County Wexford, dated 2 Mo. 28, 1728, received 3 Mo. 
31, 1729. 

In 1672, one " Henry Vernam, for 20 s. demanded of him for 
Tithes, was prosecuted in the Ecclesiastical Court, and committed 
to Wexford Goal, at the Suit of Miles Swinney, Priest of Encyscorf, 
was kept prisoner there about a year and nine months, till the 
6th of October 1673, and then released by the Bishop of Loughlin 
and Femes, but before his discharge the Priest had sent his Ser- 
vants with Cart and Horses, who took away more than half the 
Man's Corn to the\'alue of 5 1." — Besse's Suffering of 1 he Quak- 
ers, II., 480; Stockdale, A Great Cry of Oppression, 10. 

In 1685, Henry and Edward Varman, of Parish of Castle Ellis, 
County Wexford, by their attorney, John Fuller, of West Jersey, 
conveyed to John Hugg, of West Jersey, a tract of land in the 
Irish Tenth of West Jersey, that had been granted to Henry Var- 
man, April 9, 1682, by Joseph Sleight, of Dublin.' 

Hattill Varman, 2 b. 1670, in County Wexford, Ireland; d. 12 
Mo. 27, 1747 ; buried at Leacock ; came to Pennsylvania in 1728, 
and settled in Leacock Township, Lancaster County. His wife, 
Abigail, d. 3 JMo. 14, 1760. Children: Mary, m. 10 Mo. 7, 1733, 
at Leacock, John Beeson, of Leacock, son of Richard ; WiUiam ; 
Grace, m. ist 11 Mo. 5, 1742, at Leacock, to Joseph Edgerton, 
of Newton, Gloucester Co., N. J. (child Abigail) ; 2d Joseph 
Steer; Eleanor, m. 3 Mo. 5. 1747, at Leacock, Moses Brinton, 
son of Joseph ; Sarah, m. 1st John Low, and 2d 7 Mo. 11, 1751, 
at Lampeter, John Parks, son of Richard, of Goshen. 

Thomas McClun, and wife Elizabeth, from Moate Monthly 
Meeting, County West Meath, dated 3 Mo. 11, 1729, re- 
ceived 6 Mo. 30, 1729. 

Thomas Clung and Elizabeth Hainan, both of Rathfryland 
Meeting, were married, 6 Mo. 19, 1714, at the house of Robert 
Wilson. {Minutes of Ulster Province Meeting.) 

At New Garden Monthly Meeting, 5 Mo. 29, 1729, Thomas 
McClun and family is reported as being settled ^\^thin the limits of 
Concord Monthly Meeting, to which a certificate was signed i Mo. 
28, 1730. 

1 D, p. 246, Clement Papers, Hist. Soc. of Penna. 
^Priend^ Miscellany, IV., 25. 


354 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

John Stef.r, received 6 Mo. 30, 1729, dated 2 Mo. 11, 1728, 
from liallinderry Meeting, County .Antrim, Ireland. 

Samuel Morton, received 6 Mo. 30, 1729, dated 7 Mo. i, 

1728, from Ballyhagen Meeting, County Armagh, Ireland. 
Samuel Morton (d. 3 Mo. 20, 1766), son of William and Elinor, 

was born in Parish of Kilmore, County Armagh, Ireland ; m. 2 
.Mo. 6, 1728, at Ballyhagen Meeting, Eliza (d. 6 Mo. 12, 1763), 
daughter of John and Mary Blackburn, a native of County Ar- 
magh. Children : Margaret, b. 10 Mo. 1, 1728, at sea ; m. John 
Hadley ; John, b. 4 Mo. 28, 1729, d. 9 Mo., 1741, buried at Lon- 
don Grove; Samuel, b. 7 Mo. 27, 1732; William b. i Mo. 9, 
1734-35 ; Mary, b. 9 Mo. 9, 1737; Thomas, b. 7 Mo. 6, 1740. — 
Records of New Garden Monthly Meethii^. 

William McNabb, wife Dorothy and daughters, Elizabeth 
and Jane, received 6 Mo. 30, 1729, dated i Mo. 5, 1729, 
from Old Castle Monthly Meeting, County Meath, Ireland. 

William McNabb settled in East Lampeter Township, I^ncas- 
ter Countv, where he owned a farm of 2ooacres. His son, John 
McNabb, in 1749, gave two acres of land to Friends' Meeting at 

Joseph Evans, wife Mary, and son Joseph, received 8 Mo. 25, 

1729, from Moate Monthly Meeting, County W'est Meath, 

Neal O'Money, wife Ann, received 8 Mo. 23, 1729, from 
Ballynacree Meeting, County Antrim, Ireland. 

Neal Mooney, of East Marlborough, Chester County, made his 
will 9 Mo. 9, 175 t, and it was probated Nov. 26, 1751. Mentions 
wife Ann, children Samuel, Joseph, James, and son-in-law, Henry 

Samuel Shaw, received 8 Mo. 25, 1729, from Lisburn Meet- 
ing, County Antrim, Ireland. 

In 1679, Martha Shaw, widow, and James Shaw, both of the 
Parish of Loughgall, County Armagh, had some of their effects 
taken for tithes. — Stockdale, A Great Cry of Oppression, 125. 

James Taylor, and wife, received 10 Mo. 27, 1729, from 
Ballynacree Monthly Meeting, County Antrim, Ireland. 

James O'Money, received 8 Mo. 25, 1729, from Ballynacree 
Meeting, County Antrim, Ireland. 

New Garden Motithly Meeting 355 

Samuel Evans and wife, from Moate Meeting, County West 
Meath, Ireland, received 10 Mo. 27, 1729. 

Jacob Kirk, from meeting near Ballinderry, County Antrim, 
Ireland, received 11 Mo. 31, 1729. 

Thomas Milhous, and wife Sarah, from Dublin, Ireland, 
dated 5 Mo. 29, 1729, received 12 Mo. 28, 1729. 
Thomas Milhous' m. Sarah, daughter James and Catharine 
(Lightfoot) Miller, in Ireland, and came to Pennsylvania in 1729, 
settling first within the limits of New Garden Monthly Meeting, 
and about the year 1744 removing to Pikeland Township, Ches- 
ter County. Their children were : John, b. i Mo. 8, 1722-3, at 
Timahoe, Ireland; James, b. 7 Mo. 21, 1727; Thomas, b. 2 
Mo. 27, 1731 ; Robert, b. 11 Mo. 26, 1733 ; Sarah, b. 4 Mo. 3, 
1736, m. Thompson Parker ; William, b. 6 Mo. 12, 1738 {Hist, 
of Chester Ccnnity, 658). 

At Ulster Province Meeting, 12 Mo. i, 1695, one John Mill- 
house and Sarah Miller declared their intentions of marriage. 
3 Mo. 25, 1695, Richard Millhouse and Sarah Clark declared 
their intentions of marriage. 

John Griffith,'' and son Christopher (unmarried), from 
Grange near Charlemont, received 12 Mo. 28, 1729, dated 
2 Mo. 18, 1729. Christopher Griffith, of Sadsbury Meet- 
ing, produced an acknowledgement, 9 Mo. 30, 1734, for 
marriage out of the Society. 
Thomas Griffith, who may have been a son of John Griffith, 

was married out of the Society about 1742, to Eve . He 

removed to Menallen Twp., now Adams County, and died in the 
spring of 1769 ; was buried in Friends' burial ground at Old 
Menallen, where his gravestone bearing the inscription " T. G. 
1769" may still be seen. Children: Mary, b. about 17JI, 
Rebecca, b. about 1755; Eve; Thomas; Ann; Jesse; Wm., 
eldest son ; Elizabeth m. Thomas Blackburn ; John, Susanna. 
(Records of Orphans' Court of York County, Docket B, 223, 224.) 

Ann Marshall, widow of New Garden, "late from Ire- 
land," made her will 9 Mo. 30, 1729, and it was probated 
Feb. 10, 1729-30. 

'Thomas Milhouse and Mary Hoope, of Lurgan, were married at Lur- 
gan Meeting, Nov. 2, 1720. 

'Thomas Griffith and Elizabeth Ford, both of Grange Meeting near 
Charlemont, were married at Grange, 9 Mo. 16, 1715 [Minutes Ulstet 
Province Meeting). 

356 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

She mentions her sons John and William Marshall, her friends 
William Halliday and lienjamin Fred, of New Garden, and 
desires to be buried in the Friends' ground at New Garden. Wit- 
nesses were lohn Griffith, Sismore Wright, and William Read. 
The names of her father, John Griffith, and her brother, Christo- 
pher Griffith, appear in the accounts of the estate. 

Jacob Marshall and Ann Griffith, both of Grange near Charle- 
mont, were married at Grange Meeting, 9 Mo. 19, 1718. — Min- 
utes of Lister Province Meeting. 

Margaret Marshall, wife of Jacob, of Grange near Charlemont, 
d. I Mo. 23, 1739. Jacob d. 5 Mo. i, 1743. 

John Marshill, son of Jacob Marshill, Jr., deceased, from 
Grange Meeting, near Charlemont, Ireland. He settled in 
New Garden and was married 8 Mo. 14, 1742, at New 
Garden, to Ruth Hadly, daughter of Joshua Hadly, of 
Mill Creek Hundred, New Castle County on Delaware. 
Among signers to marriage certificate were John and Christ- 
opher Griffith, Jacob and Rebecca Hinshaw, and William 
Marshill. A certificate for him and his wife to Concord 
Monthly Meeting, signed by New Garden, 3 Mo. 28, 1743. 

Samuel Stanfield, and wife Jane, from Lurgan, County 
Armagh, received i Mo. 28, 1730, dated 3 Mo. 7, 1729. 

Samuel Stanfield and Jane Andrew, both of Lurgan Meeting, 
were married at Lurgan, 9 Mo. 14, 171 1. — Minutes of Ulster 
Province Meeting. 

James Miller, dated 5 Mo. 20, 1729, from Dublin, Ireland, 
received 2 Mo. 25, 1730. 

James Miller, possibly a brother of Gayen and John Miller, 
married Catharine, daughter of Thomas Lightfoot, in Ireland, 
and lived for some time at Timahoe Meeting, County Kildare. 
They arrived at Philadelphia, in the Sizargh, of Whitehaven, 9 
Mo. 10, 1729. Here the wife, who was a minister in the Society, 
died, 10 Mo. 17, 1729. James Miller then settled with his chil- 
dren in New Garden. He was married a second time to Ruth 
Seaton, of London Grove, 2 Mo. 10, 1734, and removed to Lea- 
cock Township, Lancaster County, where he died in the early 
part of 1749. 

Children of James and Catharine Miller : i. Sarah, m. Thomas 
Milhouse, in Ireland, and came to New Garden in 1729. 2. 
Elizabeth, m. Thomas Hiett, in Ireland, and came to New Gar- 
den in 1733. 3 James, b. about 1708, d. 1758; m. 1st Rachel 

Neiu Garden Mo7ilJily Meeting 357 

(Fred) Miller, widow of James (son of Gayen), 1733, and had 
children (Thomas, Benjamin, Katharine). He m. 2d Rebecca, 
daughter of Jacob Kirk, i Mo. 6, 1 749, and had children (Rachel, 
Sarah, Hannah). 4. Mary, m. Isaac Jackson (son of Thomas), 
4 Mo. II, 1730, andhad seven children ; they removed to Eno, 
North Carolina, in 175 1. 5. Katharine, b. i Mo. 30, 17 13, at 
Timahoe County, Kildare, Ireland ; d. 4 Mo. 2, 1781 ; m. Will- 
iam Jackson, 9 Mo. 9, 1733. 6. Ann, m. William Farquhar, 2 
Mo. 19, 1733. 7. Hannah, m. James Jackson, 8 Mo. 31, 1745. 
No issue. — Potts, Our Family Ancestors, 248-9. 

William Evans, wife Hannah, and daughter Rachel, from 
Ballycane, County Wicklow, Ireland, received 7 Mo. 26, 
1730, dated i Mo. 22, 1730. 

William Evans, was a son of Rowland Evans, of Balliloing 
County Wicklow. William Evans, of Coaladang, County Wick- 
low, weaver, and Hannah Eves, of Ballemurin, same county, 
were married i Mo. 22, 1709. Among signers to marriage certi- 
ficate ' were Mark, Elizabeth, Joseph, and John Eves, Robert, 
John, and Dorothy Penrose, and Rowland, James, Thomas, Ann, 
Margaret, and Elizabeth Evans. They settled on a tract of 1,000 
acres at Lampeter, about five miles from Lancaster, Lancaster 
County. Children were : John, died unmarried, in 1782 or 1783; 

William, m. Catharine ; Hannah, m. James Webb, 10 

Mo., 15, 1742, and died 1762, leaving children; and Isaac, m. 
1st, Alice Pennock, daughter of Joseph and Mary, of West Marl- 
borough, 5 Mo. 5, 1756, by whom he had one child that died in 
infancy, and m. 2d, 2 Mo., 1760, to Anne, daughter of Francis 
and Mary (Jackson) Windle. — Jackson Genealogy, 69, 187. 

Alice Gibson, from Ireland, received 6 Mo. 30, 1729. 

Katharine Whitaker, from Dublin, Ireland, received 2 
Mo. 25, 1730. 

Robert and John Mickle [brothers] , from Dublin, Ireland, 
dated 4 Mo. 2, 1730, received 7 Mo. 26, 1730. 
Robert Mickle, m. 10 Mo. 19, 1733, at London Grove Meeting, 
Chester County, Mary, daughter of Samuel and Jane Beverly, of 

Marlborough. Children : Ann, b 8. Mo. 7, 1734, m. Mc- 

Farlan ; John, b. 8 Mo. 12, 1736; Sarah, b. 3 Mo. 12, 1739; 
Jane, b. 9 Mo. 9, 1741. 

John Mickle, brother of Robert, m., "by a priest," about 1736, 

to Jane . They removed to Menallen Township, Adams 

County, about 1747. Children : Sarah, b. 10 Mo. 29, 1737, m. 

' In 1894 the original certificate was in possession of Hannah W. Lovell, 
of Philadelphia. 

358 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

about 1760, to John Mickle, her first cousin, for which she was 
disowned; Elijah, b. 2 Mo. 8, 1740 (at Warrington Mo. Mtg., 
II Mo. 18, 1758, Menallen Meeting reported that Ehjah Mickle 
and John Shepperd " hath both left the parts unknown to their par- 
ents "); Mary, b. 10 Mo. 4, 1741, m. " out," about 1761, to 

Sheppard ; Hannah, b. 10 Mo. 14, 1745, m. " out," about 1765, 

to Rail ; Jane, b. i Mo. 16, 1747-48 ; John, b. 12 Mo. 4, 1753, 

m., 6 Mo. 17, 1772, at Menallen Meeting, Rebecca, daughter of 
Thomas Griffith; Samuel, b. 2 Mo. 26, 1756, m. about 1778, 
Eve, d. of Thomas Griffiith, and d. March 26, 1819. 

At Warrington Mo. Meeting, 4 Mo. 10, 1762, John Mickle, ot 
Menallen Meeting, it is apprehended, has connived at his daugh- 
ter's keeping company in order for marriage with one not of our 
Society. 6 Mo. 12, 1762, Jane Mickle charged with the same 
offence. 10 Mo. 9, 1762, she acknowledges that " she Carelessly 
went away from my own house until! my daughter Mary took the 
opportunity to go away with a man not in unity with friends, in 
order to accomplish her marriage by a priest ; I being warned to 
the Contrary I do now look upon my self to have been remiss 
in my duty." 

2 Mo. 12, 1763, John Mikle reported somewhat condescend- 
ing. 6 Mo. II, 1763, he acknowledges that "I inadvertently 
went abroad at the time my Daughter Mary ran away to be mar- 
ried, notwithstanding I was Cautioned to take Care of her, & that 
she was to run away that night ; for which I am heartily sorry." 

3 Mo. II, 1769, John Mickle, Sr. , was complained of by Menal- 
len, " for joining with others in dancing so far as to be present 

6 se it & imitate it himself & also that he has for a consider- 
able time neglected attending our Religious meetings," disowned 

7 Mo. 8, 1769 — Warringfon Mo. Mtg. Records. 

In 1678, Robert Mickle, of the Parish of Magherlin, County 
Down, for tithes, had hay, barley, wheat and oats taken to the 
value of £1. 6s. 6d. — Stockdale, A Great Cry of Oppression, 97. 
John Murray, and wife Ann, from Lurgan, County Armagh, 

Ireland, dated 2 Mo. 16, 1729, received 8 Mo. 31, 1730. 
Joseph Dixon, unmarried, from Lurgan, County Armagh, 

received 8 Mo. 31, 1730. 

Joseph Di.xson, of London Grove Township, Chester County, 
and Sarah, daughter of Evan Powell, of New Garden Township, 
were married, 10 Mo. 13, 1733, at New Garden. 
Solomon Shepherd,' unmarried, from Grange Meeting near 

Charlemont, Ireland, dated 8 mo. i, 1729, received ii 

Mo. 30, 1730-1. 

' In 1 681, one John Sheppard, of Parish Killaman, County Tyrone, had 
his goods seized for tithes (^Stockdale, 178). 

New Gardefi Monthly Meeting 359 

" Att a mens meeting held [at Grange] y» 22 aforesaid [5 Mo. 
1729] Solomon Shepard y"" younger having transported himself 
to America as an Aprentice with Jacob Marshill & Desired of us 
a Certificate," etc. He settled for a time in New Garden and 
was married, 9 Mo. 15, 1733, at New Garden Meeting, to Jane 
Wilson, of New Garden. 

They removed to Menallen Township, now Adams Covmty, 
and in 1748, Solomon became a recommended minister of War- 
rington Monthly Meeting. He died about 1749, his will being 
dated July, 1748, and probated March 29, 1749. He mentions his 
wife Jane and children, John, Sarah, Solomon, and Elizabeth. 
Jane Shepherd served for several years as overseer of Menallen 
Meeting. In 1767 she and her daughter Elizabeth received a 
certificate to remove within the limits of New Garden Monthly 
Meeting, North Carolina. 

Solomon Shepherd, Jr., of Menallen Township, son of Solomon 
and Jane, m. 10 Mo. 19, 1763. at Menallen Meeting, to Margaret, 
daughter of John and Rebecca Blackburn. 

Sarah, daughter of Solomon and Jane Shepherd, m. 12 Mo. 
20, 1758, at Menallen Meeting, William, son of John Braselton, 
of Frederick County, Md. 

Jonas Chamberlin, unmarried, from Edenderry Meeting, 

King's County, Ireland, dated 11 Mo. 5, 1731, received 

I Mo. 31, 1733. 

In 1660, Anne, wife of Jonas Chamberlin, was imprisoned in 
We.xford for two weeks. — Holme and Fuller, A Brief Relation, 

In 1 67 1, in County Wexford, Jonas Chamberlain, was taken a 
prisoner "upon a definite Sentence" for 7s. small tithes, and 
kept in prison for nine months. In the meantime the " Priest" 
went with four men and abused his servants, and took away two 
lambs worth 5s. — Stockdale, A Great Cry of Oppression, 9. 

Jonas Chamberlain, the emigrant, settled in Sadsbury, Lancas- 
ter County. He m. 8 Mo. 9, 1734, Jane, daughter of Alexander 
Bane, of Goshen. He died 9 Mo. 8, 1771, and his widow, 3 Mo. 
4, 1777. Children : Joshua, Hannah, Jane, Mary, Hannah, 
Jonas, Joseph, William, and Jane. Of these, Joshua m. 1 1 Mo. 

John McRannell and Elizabeth Sheppherd both of Grange Meeting, near 
Charlemont, were married 6 Mo. 18, 1714, at Grange. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Solomon Sheppard, "of Bellis," Parish of 
Donagh, County Monaghan, was married, 10 Mo. (Dec.) 14, 1733, in 
Meeting House at Castleshane, County Monaghan, to William \Vhitten, of 
Drummon, Parish of Mullabrack, County Armagh, Ireland. — Friends' 
Records of Ulster Province. 

360 Immigration of tfu Irish Q:uzkgrs 

2S, 1756, Mary Powel and Jonas married, 12 Mo. 3, 1766, 
Eiiiabeth Powei, both daughters of Joseph Powel, of Sadsburj-, 
Chester County. — Hisicry of Chester County, 496. 

Thomas Hiett, and wife Elizabeth, received 8 Mo. 27, 1733, 
dated 4 Mo. 10, 1733. from Moate Meeting, County West 
Meath, Ireland. Children bom in Ireland as foUow-s : 
Katharine, b. 2 Mo. 26, 172S, married 2 Mo. 13, 1749. at 
New Garden Meeting, to Thomas Hutton, of New Garden, 
son of Joseph, deceased; Ann, b. i Mo. i, 1729, married 
II Mo. S, 1753, at New Garden, Joseph Hutton, of New 
Garden, brother of Thomas. Thomas Hiett died in 1751, 
and 7 Mo. i, 1756, his widow, Elizabeth Hiett, married 
Jeremiah Starr, Jr., son of Jeremiah, of London Grove. 

AucE Gibson, received 11 Mo. 26, 1733, from Dublin, Ire- 

As"X Enxs, received 9 Mo. 24, 1733, from Moate Monthly- 
Meeting, County West Meath, Ireland. 

RtTH Se.\tox, received 9 Mo. 24, 1733, from Ballinderry 

Meeting, Ireland. 

Alexander Seaton, an eminent minister of Friends in Ireland, 
son of John Seaton, of the Seatons of Meldrum, was bom about 
1652, at Cuttle-Craggs, near Lethinty, Parish of Daviot, Aber- 
deenshire, Scotland, and brought up a scholar, studying for some 
time in the college in the old town of .A.berdeen. Here in 1675, 
he became conWnced of the Quaker principles. From Glasgow, 
in 1699, he removed to Ireland, making his residence at Hills- 
borough, County Down. He died i Mo. 1723. — Rutty, Lead- 
beater, Piety Promoted. 

James Smith, and wife Jane, received 9 Mo. 24, 1733, dated 
4 Mo. S, 1732, from Ballyhagen, Armagh County, Ireland. 

Samuel Hill, and wife Ann, received 8 Mo. 25, 1735, dated 
2 Mo. 29, 1735, from Limerick Meeting, Ireland. 

JoHX WiLSox, received 8 Mo. 25, 1735, dated 3 Mo. 25, 

1735, from Limerick, Ireland. 

Robert Smith, and wife Jane, received 6 Mo. 28, 1736, 
dated 4 Mo. 18, 1732, from Ballyhagen, County Armagh. 

JOHX Blackbltix, wife and children, received 8 Mo. 30, 

1736, dated 4 Mo. 2, 1736, from Ballyhagen Meeting, 
County Armagh, Ireland. 

Xev-i Garden Montlily Meetitig 361 

John Blackburn ' and family settled within the limits of War- 
rington Monthly Meeting, York County. He was appointed over- 
seer of Warrington Meeting, 4. Mo. 18, 174S, and was released i 
Mo. 17, 1756. He died prior to 7 Mo. 5, 175S. Children were 
Joseph, Rachel, and probably John, Anthony, and Thomas. 

John Blackburn, Jr., m. Rebecca . They resided in 

Menallen Township, now Adams Count)-, where he died S Mo. 
24, 1767, and she, 3 Mo. 30, 1766. Their children : Margaret, 
b. 10 Mo. 16, 1740, m. Solomon Shepherd in 1763 ; Rachel, b. 
9 Mo. I, 1742, m. II Mo. II, 1767, Nathan McGrew, son James 
and Mar\- ; Thomas, b. 8 Mo. 19, 1744, m. 10 Mo. 11, 1768, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas and Eve Griffith ; Moses, b. 9 Mo. 
16, 1746, m. II Mo. 1 8, 1767, at Menallen Meeting, Mary, 
daughter of James and Mar\- McGrew ; Anthony, b. 6 Mo. 1 7, 
1749, m. 5 Mo. 16, 1770, Mary, daughter of Thomas and Eve 
Griffith; Mary, b. 6 Mo. 19, 1751 ; John, b. 6 Mo. 21, 1753 ; 
Elizabeth, b. 10 Mo. 2, 1755 ; Joseph, b. 11 Mo. 7, 1757 ; Re- 
becca, b. 12 Mo. 12, 1760; Samuel, b. 5 Mo. 17, 1762, Abigail 
b. 5 Mo. 9, 1764 ; Eleanor, b. 3 Mo. 30, 1766. 

Anthony Blackburn, of Menallen Meeting, supposed to be a son 
of John, was complained of 5 Mo. 16, 1752, at Warrington Mo. 
Mtg., for marriage by a " priest." 

Joseph Blackburn, of Menallen, son of John, deceased, m. 7 
Mo. 5, 175S, at Menallen Meeting, Deborah McGrew, of Menal- 
len. Their children were : Mary, b. 4 Mo. 30, 1759 ; John, b. 
I Mo. S, 1762 ; James, b. 10 Mo. 16, 1763 ; Thomas, b. 11 Mo. 
10, 1765; Anthony, b. 6 Mo. 12, 1767; Joseph, b. 2 Mo. 11, 

Rachel Blackburn, of Menallen, daughter of John, m. 8 Mo. 
29, 1759, at Menallen, Andrew Dennen. 

Walter Ha\T)OCK, tinmarried, received 12 Mo. 25, 1737-S, 

dated 2 Mo. 21, 1737, from meeting at Lisbum, County 

Antrim, Ireland. 

He resided for a time within the limits of London Grove Meet- 
ing ; then on 7 Mo. 29, 1 739, he received a certificate to North 
Wales (Gwynedd) Monthly Meeting, and settled in Richland Town- 
ship, Bucks Count}-. 

Walter Haddock, of Richland, Bucks County-, yeoman, made 
his will Jan. 17, 1787 (proved March 13, 1787). Appoints Wil- 

' One John Blackburn and Mary Winter, both of Ballyhagen Mtg. , were 
married S Mo. 2, 1701, at Ballyhagen. In County Armagh, in 1667, 
" John Blackburn, being sued for Tythe to the value of 2s. id. 2q. in the 
Mannor Court of LiyughaU by Humphrey Ptttard, Priest, the said John 
produced the Statute against all proceedings in Temporal Courts for Tidie ; 
notwithstanding the Jury said" etc., Blackburn's horse, worth ^z, taken 
for Uthe of 25. id. 2q. — Holme and Fuller, A Britf Rz'.atwn, 26. 

362 Immigratioti of the Irish Quakers 

Ham Penrose executor. Mentions brother John and sisters Sarah 
and Mary Haddock, of County Antrim, Ireland ; also mentions 
Richard Fossett, of Fairfax County, Va., and Jonathan, William 
and John Penrose, of Richland. — Bucks County Wills. 

Henry Haydock, of Stengmore,' Parish Clonfeakle, County 
Tyrone, and Mary Bullogh, of Allneoanoge (?), said Parish, were 
married 3 Mo. 3, 1734, at Meeting House near Charlemont. 
Among signers were: John Haydock, James Henderson, John 
Whitsite, John King, John Hinshaw, Jacob Hinshaw, Mary Hay- 
dock, Elizabeth IHiUogh, Sarah Greer, Alice Hinshaw, Mary 
Gilpin, Margaret Hinshaw. 

In 1673, John and William Haddock, of County Antrim, and 
in 1681, John Haddock, Sr., and John Haddock, Jr,. of Ballin- 
derry Parish, County Antrim, had their goods taken for tithes. — 
Stockdale, A Great Cry of Oppression, 25-26, 169. 

John Boyd, wife Jane, and children, from Ballynacree Meet- 
ing, County Antrim, Ireland, dated 2 Mo. 10, 1736, re- 
ceived 12 Mo. 26, 1736-7. 

John Boyd and Jane Bell, both of Lurgan Meeting, were mar- 
ried "in ye town of Lurgan ye 20th — 1707 as by ye certificate 
may appear." — Minutes Ulster Pro-/. Mtg. 

They became members of Sadsbury Meeting, Lancaster 
County, and resided within the limits thereof until about 1765 ; 
then removed to York County. At Warrington Mo. Mtg., York 
County, II Mo. 9, 1765, a certificate, dated 8 Mo. 21, 1765, from 
Sadsbury Mo. Mtg., was received for John Boyd and wife. He 

' Mrs. Sarah Barcroft, of Stangmore Lodge, near Dungannoii, County 
Tyrone, has some ancient deeds for her property in which the name Hay- 
dock appears. 

Jacob Haydock, of Cabragh, County Tyrone, son of John Haydock, of 
Stangmore, same county, descended from the Haydocks of Lancashire, was 
married, 7 Mo. 29, 1742, to Mary Hinshaw. They had seven children : 
John, Rebecca, Mary, Margaret, Jacob, Joseph, and Henry. Of these 
children, Henry, born in 1764, m. in 1796 at Moyallon Meeting, Frances 
Hell, and lived at Corcraney, near Lurgan. Of Henry's eight children 
John, b. 1S02, d. 1859, m. Ann Crosley. Descendants of this branch have 
come to America in recent years. 

'In 1681, one John Uoyd, of Parish of Killcad, County Antrim, had 
goods seized for tithes. — Utocl'i/alf, 166. 

In 1673, in County Londonderry, William Boyd had his goods seized 
for tithes. — Il/iJ., 25. 

Robert Henry, of Colerain, and Mary Boyd, of Antrim, were married in 
the town of Antrim 6 Mo. 10, 1709 {.Minnies Ulster Pm\ Mtg.) 

Benjamin Boyd and Jane Clark, both of Grange Meeting, m. 5 Mo. 4, 
1710, at Grange {^Ibid. ) 

New Garden Monthly Meeting 363 

made his will (Q 313, Wills at York, Pa.), Aug. 8, 1770, and it 
was probated Oct. 31, 1777. Mentions seven children as fol- 
lows ; I. William ; II. Samuel ; III. George ; IV. Sarah Leech ; 
V. Ann Bready ; V'l. Elizabeth Stedham ; VII. Jane McMillan ; 
and a grandchild, Jane Marsh. 

I. William Boyd became a member of Sadsbury Mo. Mtg., 
Lancaster County, and was married 9 Mo. or 10 Mo, 1737, to 
Hannah Minshall, widow. At Sadsbury Mo. Mtg., 6 Mo. 7, 1749, 
he was complained of "for marriage out by a priest," and II 
Mo. 6, 1752, produced an acknowledgment for this breach of dis- 
cipline. At the same Mo. Mtg., 3 Mo. 4, 1754, a certificate of 
removal was signed for him and his daughter to Warrington Mo. 
Mtg., York County. The certificate was received at Warrington 
4 Mo. 20, 1754. At Warrington, i Mo. 8, 1763, a certificate to 
Hopewell Mo. Mtg., Virginia, was signed for him and his three 

II. Samuel Boyd was reported to Sadsbury Mo. Mtg., 5 Mo. 4, 
1743, as having married out by a " priest," and was disowned 8 
Mo. 3, 1743. 

III. George Boyd produced acertificate, dated loMo. 22, 1760, 
from Sadsbury to Warrington Mo. Mtg. and seems to have been 
a member of Newberry Meeting York County. He made his 
will Sept. 17, 1796, then of Warrington Township, and it was pro- 
bated Oct. 22, 1796. His executors were Thomas Leech and 
John McMillan. He mentions his wife Catharine and children, 
James, Ann, Jane, and Rachel. Of these children, Ann was re- 
ceived into membership by Warrington Mo. i\Itg, i. Mo. 7, 1792. 
She was complained of 5 Mo. 12, 1798, for marriage out to one 
Jones and sent an acknowledgment. According to her cousin 
James McMillan's Bible record, Ann Jones, daughter of George 
and Catherine Boyd, died Sept. 9, 1830. 

IV. Sarah Boyd, was married 2 Mo. 17, 1739, ^t Sadsbury 
Mtg. to Thomas Leech, son of Richard and Sarah (Cox) Leach. 
They removed to Warrington, Y'ork County. 

V. Jane Boyd was born, as her son James states in his Bible, 
in 1728, died 5 Mo. 12, 17S2, and was buried in the burial 
ground at Wanington Meeting House. She was complained of 
7 Mo. 5, 1748, by Sadsbury Mo. Mtg. for marriage out to Joseph 
Green and produced an acknowledgment, 12 Mo. 3, 1753. 
Jane Green, widow of Joseph Green, of Sadsbury, was married 5 
Mo. 4, 1756, at Sadsbury Meeting, to John McMillan, of War- 
rington Township, York County, son of Thomas and Deborah 
(Marsh) McMillan. He was born in 1728, in County Antrim, 
Ireland, died 9 Mo. 17, 1791, and was buried beside his first 
wife, Jane. 

364 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

By her first husband, Joseph Green, Jane Boyd had two chil- 
dren : (i) Joseph and (2) John. These two children were re- 
ceived into membership by Warrington Mo. Mtg., 8 Mo. 11, 
1764. (1) Joseph Green, of Warrington, son of Joseph, deceased, 
was married 12 Mo. 16, 1773, at Warrington Mtg., to Lydia Hol- 
land, daughter of Henry and Lydia (Fell) Holland, of same 
place. A certificate for Joseph and his wife Lydia to Westland 
Mo. Mtg., Washington County, was signed by Warrington, 3 
Mo. 7, 1795. They settled near Brownsville where they owned 
a farm and grist mill. Lydia Green, daughter of Joseph, married 
Joseph Richardson, a tanner of Columbiana Co., Ohio, and be- 
came the mother of the eminent physician. Dr. Richardson. (2) 
John Green was disowned by Warrington Mo. Mtg., (l) Mo. 14, 
1775, probably for marriage out. Possibly he married the daugh- 
ter of one John Abbot, of Berwick Twp., York County, who 
made his will Jan. 27, 1786 (probated March 8, 1786) and men- 
tion his wife, Alice, and daughter Margaret, wife of John Green. 
By her second husband, John McMillan, Jane Boyd had five 
children : Sarah, Thomas, John, Abigail, and James. — See Mc- 
Millan family. 

Robert Boyes, from Ballyhagen, County Armagh, dated 2 

Mo. 21, 1736, received i Mo. 26, 1737. 

One John Boyes, of Lackey, Parish of Maagharagall, County 
Antrim, and Mary Turner, of Lurgan, County Armagh, were 
married 6 Mo. 17, 1720, at Lurgan. — Luri^an Meeting Records. 

In 1680, Richard Boyes, County Antrim, had his goods to the 
value of 18s. seized for tithes. {Stockdale, 139.) In 1716, 
Thomas Story (Journal, 538) notes that he came to the widow 
Mary Boyes' at 15allinderry. 

Isaac Pigon, unmarried, from Meeting at Grange near Char- 
lemont, dated 6 Mo. 27, 1736, received 2 Mo. 30, 1737. 
At New Garden Monthly Meeting, 9 Mo. 25, 1738, "Isaac 
Pigen having reed a Letter from his father y' lives in Ireland, 
since our Last mo'-'' meeting which requests him to return thither 
as soon as possible & ye season not permitting him to stay untill 
next meeting, a certificate is to be prepared and signed for him." 

Isaac Steer, wife Ruth and daughter Katharine, the latter 

unmarried, dated 5 Mo. 7, 1736, received 6 Mo. 27, 1737, 

from Ballinderry Meeting, County Antrim. 

William Steer, a Friend, of County Armagh, Ireland, in the 

period 1665-1669, for refusing to contribute to the rei)air of the 

parish church of Kilmore, "had Money taken out of his Shop- 

New Garden Monthly Meeting 365 

Box, also a Hat, and other things worth 7s. 2d, and 2s. 2d more 
demanded had Cloth and Pewter taken from him worth iis." — 
Holme and Fuller, A Brief Relation, etc., 735. 

William Steer, of Leggatory, Parish of Kilmore, County Ar- 
magh, made his will May 10, 1685, and mentions his daughter 
Hannah, to whom he bequeaths ^90, and his only son, Isaac 
Steer, to whom he leaves ^400 and the house and lands that " I 
have by lease from my landlord Edward Richardson." — Recorded 
in Friends' Records of Ulster. 

Isaac Steer, son of William, was married by Friends' ceremony 
in 1696 to Ruth Mercer, (ftlinutes of Ulster Province Meeting.) 
Isaac Steer, with his wife and daughter, followed their sons to 
Pennsylvania about 1737, bringing a certificate to New Garden 
Monthly Meeting, but settling within the limits of Sadsbury 
meeting. Children were : 

I. Nicholas Steer, b. 2 Mo. 15, 1702 ; settled at Sadsbury, m. 
Ann Lewis. Children were : Benjamin, b. 10 Mo. 17, 1745, m. 
Ann Everett, 9 Mo. 7, 1774; William, b. 9 Mo. 24, 1748; 
Hannah, b. 6 Mo. 15, 1751, m. John Gregg, 9 Mo. 7, 1775 ; 
Ann, b. 2 Mo. 10, 1754; Ruth, b. 4 Mo. 17, 1758. 

II. John Steer, m. 2 Mo. 21, 1732, at Leacock Meeting (since 
called Lampeter), Rachel Evans, and in 1749, removed with his 
family to Fairfax County, Virginia. Children : Mark ; James, m. 
Abigail, daughter of Joseph and Grace (Varman) Edgerton, 5 Mo. 
21, 1761 ; Isaac, b. 10 Mo. 10, 1749, d. in Loudon County, Va., 
12 Mo. 17, 1819, m. Elizabeth George, 6 Mo. 13, 1775 ; John, 
m. Mary George and removed with his family to Kentucky ; Joseph, 
m. Ellen George. 

III. Joseph Steer, b. 1709; d. 1795; m. 3 Mo., 1746, Grace 
Edgerton, widow of Joseph Edgerton, and daughter of Hattill and 
Abigail Varman. Children: Ruth, Hannah, Sarah, Mary, Joseph, 
and Isaac. For detailed record see Steer Genealogy , by Isaac S. 
Russel (New Market, Md., 1S91). 

IV. Catharine Steer, m. in 1743 Thomas Nevitt, son of Joseph 
and Mary Nevitt, of JNIountrath, Queen's County, Ireland. 

Faithful Rich.\rdson, from Ballyhagen, County Armagh, 
Ireland, received 12 Mo. 26, 1736. 

William Boyd, unmarried, son of John, dated 6 Mo. 18, 
1733, from Meeting in Antrim, Ireland, received 6 Mo. 
27> 1737- 

Joseph Whitsitt, young and unmarried, from Grange near 
Charlemont, dated 4 Mo. 7, 1738, received 11 Mo. 27, 
1738-9. A certificate for him to return was signed 7 Mo. 
29> 1739- 

366 hnmigration of the Irish Quakers 

One John Whitsitte, of Grange near Charlemont, and Ruth 
Robson, of Lurgan Meeting, were married 6 Mo. 1 1, 1703, at the 
house of Ann \Vebb {MinuUs of Ulster Prcnnnce Meeting). 

Abstract of the will of William Whitsitt, of Dreemore, manor 
of Dungannon, Ireland, dated i Mo. 9, 1732. 

To daughter Catherine Richardson, farm in Monaghan, parish 
of Clovvish, interest in Soloran in estate of Lord Charlemont, and 
one fourth of Bernagh in said manor. 

To son-in-law, William Richardson, Esq., ^300. 

To the Quakers of the meeting near Charlemont. ^25. 

Mentions relatives Thomas Greeves and James Pillar. 

To relative Joseph Calvert ^10. 

To wife Mary Whitsitt, ahas Calvert, and " my only child," 
Catherine, wife of William Richardson, other bequests. — Re- 
corded in Friends' Records. 

One George Whitsitt, of 'Birmingham, Chester County, made 
his will Aug. 7, 1736, and it was probated Oct. 5, 1736. He left 
to his brother Thomas Bullock " my ivory head cane." Wife 
Rebecca Whitsitt to be one of the executors. 

Henry Ne.\l, son of Robert Neal, of Ireland, was married 
10 Mo. 19, 1739, at Sadsbury Meeting, to Sarah, daughter 
of Neal O'Mooney, of Sadsbury, and resided in East Marl- 
borough, Chester County. 

Children : Ann, m. 5 Mo. 22, 1766, at London Grove Meeting, 
Benjamin Hutton ; William, m. 9 Mo. 24, 1766, at Sadsbury 
Meeting, Rachel Leonard ; Hannah, m. 3 Mo. 22, 1775, at Lon- 
don Grove Meeting, James Pyle. 

Thomas Nevett, received 3 Mo. 26, 1739, dated 2 Mo. 28, 
1738, from Moat Meeting, County West Meath, Ireland. 

Thomas Nevitt, of Sadsbury, m. in 1743, Catharine, daughter 
of Isaac Steer, of Leacock, Lancaster County, and died prior to 
1760. His widow Catharine was disowned by Warrington 

Monthly Meeting, in 1761, for marriage to Harry, who was 

not a Friend. Children of Thomas Nevitt : Isaac who re- 
moved from Warrington to Fairfax, Loudon Co., Va., about 
1765 ; Mar>-, m. 11 Mo. 27, 1766, William Wickersham ; Ruth, 
took a certificate to Hopewell, Va., in 1766; Elizabeth, received 
a certificate to Hopewell, Va., 1768. 

Jacob Hinshaw, and wife Rebecca, received 1 1 Mo. 30, 
1 741-2, dated 2 Mo. 3, 1741, from [Grange] Meeting, 
near Charlemont, County Armagh, Ireland. See page 98. 

New Garden Monthly Meeting 


"Thomas Hinshaw & Mary Marshall, both of [Grange Meet- 
ing near] Charliamount " were " married att y« grange meeting 
near Charliamount y' 21st of — 1708" {Minutes of Ulster Prov- 
ince Meeting). In 1726, Thomas Hinshaw was appointed a rep- 
resentative from Grange to the Province Meeting. 

Jacob Hinshaw,' of Grange, in Parish of Clanfekill, County 
Tyrone [bom about 17 10, son of Thomas and Mary Hinshaw*] 
and Rebecca Mackie, of Kincon, Parish of Kilmore, County Ar- 
magh [born about 17 16, daughter of Joseph and Ann Mackie*], 
were married 9 Mo. (Nov.) 6, 1735, '"^ Friends' Meeting House, 
in Ballyhagen, County Armagh. Signers were : 

David Keel 
Berjjamin Mackie 
Michel Hampton 
David MCann 
Will"? Bedwell 
Patrick McCrannall 
William Delap 
Jacob Sinton 
ffrancis Hobson 
William Gray 

Mary Hinshaw 
Mary Greer 
Ann Mackie 
Jane Bell 
Margaret Hinshaw 
Rebecca Smith 
Abigail Gray 
Mary Richardson 

Jacob Hinshaw 
Rebecca Hinshaw 
Joseph Mackie 
Ann Mackie 
John Mackie 
Benjamin Mackie 
Benjamin Marshall 
William Hinshaw 
Robert Maddon 
John Nicholson 
Jonas McKitrick 
W'illiam Allen 
David Kell 

In 1741, Jacob Hinshaw removed with his family to Pennsyl- 
vania, bringing a certificate, dated 2 Mo. 3. 1741, from Meeting at 
Grange near Charlemont, to New Garden Monthly Meeting, 
Chester County, 11 Mo. 30, 1741. They lived for a time within 
the limits of New Garden and then settled at Menallen Meeting, 
in York, now Adams, County, taking their certificates to War- 
rington Monthly Meeting about 174S. From Menallen they re- 
moved to Monaghan Township, York County, where they were 
li\ing in 1758. About 1765 they removed to North Carolina and 
settled within the limits of Cane Creek Monthly Meeting, Orange 
County, producing a certificate, dated 10 Mo. 12, 1765, to Cane 
Creek, i Mo. 4, 1766. According to the Cane Creek records, 
Jacob Hinshaw, son of Thomas and Mar)-, died 3 Mo. 31, 1796, 
aged about 86 years, and Rebecca his wife, daughter of Joseph 
and Ann Mackey, died 6 Mo. 16, 1796, aged about So years. 
Their children were Ann (m. George NIcMiUan, in 1758, and re- 
mained at \Varrington), and probably Benjamin, Thomas, and 

' Marriage Book Ulster Quarterly Meeting, T,},. 

' Reeords of Cane Creek Monthly Meeting, North Carolina. 

368 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

Several other families of Hinshaws, who also came to America, 
were doubtless nearly related to Thomas and Jacob Hinshaw. 

Jesse Hinshaw, a son of John and Elizabeth Hinshaw, was 
born in County Tyrone, Ireland.' He was married (mentioned 
as of Dunsdead, Parish of Clanfeakill, County Tyrone), 1 1 Mo. 
(Jan.) I, 1745, at Friends' Meeting House, at Grange near Charle- 
mont, to Abigail Marshall, of Grange, daughter of Benjamin and 
Ruth Marshall (Marriage Book of Ulster Quarterly Meeting). 
According to Grange Meeting records " It Appears that Jesse 
Hindshaw, Absolem Hindshaw & Willm Hindshaw^ with their 
respective families and also Alice Hindshaw^ removed to America 
in the year 1768." They settled in North Carolina, bringing cer- 
tificates to Cane Creek Monthly Meeting, Orange County, as fol- 
lows : Jesse Hinshaw and family, received 2 Mo. 4, 1769, Abso- 
lem Hinshaw and family, 5 Mo. 6, 1769, and William Hinshaw 
and family, 11 Mo. 4, 1769. 

Children of Jesse and Abigail Hinshaw: John, b. 8 Mo. ii, 
1747 ; Benjamin, b. 10 Mo. 2, 1749 ; Joseph, b. 6 Mo. 7, 1752 ; 
William, b. 10 Mo. 30, 1757 ;• Ruth, b. 6 Mo. 1 1, 1763 ; Abigail, 
b. 7 Mo. I, 1766; Jesse, b. 9 Mo. 8, 1770, m. (i) Mary (b. 6 
Mo. 29, 1773, in Orange Co., N. C.) daughter of Jacob and 
Margaret Marshill, and (2) Elizabeth, b. 9 IVJ. 29, 1780, daughter 
of Benjamin and Elizabeth Hinshaw. 

Absolem Hinshaw and Rebecca Haddock, of Parish of Killi- 
man. County Tyrone, Ireland, were married 4 Mo. 15, 1748, at 
Friends' Meeting at Grange, near Charlemont. Among the sign- 
ers to the certificate were John Haddock, Jesse, William and 
Abigail Hinshaw, and Joseph Marshill. {Marriage Book of Ulster 
Quarterly Meeting.) Children: Elizabeth, b. 10 Mo. 27, 1750, 
Absolem, b. 8 Mo. 31, 1752; Jacob, b. 8 Mo. 31, 1762; Re- 
becca, b. I Mo. 29, 1764. {Records 0/ Grange Meeting.) They 
removed to Cane Creek, North Carolina, in 1768. 

John Hinshaw, of Grange, Parish of Clanfeakel, County 
Tyrone, and Alice Greer, of Mulloughlocher, Parish of Ann, 
County Cavan, were married 10 Mo. (Dec.) 10, 1733, in the 
Meeting House at Bellyhays, County Cavan. Among signers 
were: John Hinshaw, Alice Hinshaw, Robert Greer, Mary 
Greer, Jacob Hinshaw, Deborah Greer, Susanna Greer, Thomas 
Greer, Benjamin Marshall. 

' Records of Cant Creek Monthly Meeting, Nortli Carolina. 

'At the Meeting at Grange near Charlemont, I Mo. 25, 175S, one Wil- 
liam Hinshaw produced an acknowledgment for marriage by a "priest." 
Jacob Hinshaw, son of William and Mary, died 6 Mo. 10, 1779. {Cane 
Creek Records.) 

'One Alice Hinshaw died 9 Mo. 25, 1786. {Cane Creek Records). 

* Records of Grange Meeting, Ireland. 

New Garden Monthly Meeting 369 

William Hinshaw, of Grange, Parish of Clanfekil, County 
Tyrone, and Mary Courtney, of Ballyinaconn, Parish Macker- 
allin. County Down, were married 2 Mo. (Apr.) i, 1742, at Meet- 
\x\% House, near Ballinderry, County Antrim. One Margaret 
Hinshaw signed certificate. 

John Hinshaw, of Grange, Parish of Clanfekil, County Tyrone, 
and Rebecca Wethereld, of Mulladry, Parish Kilm.ore, County 
Armagh, were married, i Mo. 21, 1744, at Ballyhagen. William 
and Margaret Hinshaw and others signed certificate. 

Margaret Hinshaw, of Grange, County Tyrone, and Joseph 
Haddock, of Strangmore, Parish of Clanfekil, said Parish, were 
married 5 Mo. (July) I, 1747, at Grange, near Charlemont. 
Signed by Jesse, William, and Abigail Hinshaw. 

David Glan and Dorothy Henshaw declared their intentions of 
marriage at the meeting at Grange, near Charlemont, 11 Mo. 13, 
and II Mo. 27, 1748. At the meeting, 2 Mo. 13, 1750, William 
Hinshaw, the younger, was disowned for marrying a young 
woman of Ballinderry Meeting by a "priest." 

Thomas Wilson, and family, received i Mo. 27, 1742, dated 
12 Mo. 25, 1740, from [Grange] Meeting, near Charle- 
mont, County Armagh, Ireland. 

Mary Sidgwick, received 9 Mo. 26, 1743, dated 9 Mo. 7, 
1 741, from Meeting near Ballinderry, County Antrim, 

Samuel Morton, received 7 Mo. 29, 1750, dated 2 Mo. 13, 
1750, from Grange Meeting, near Charlemont. 

One John Morton, of Minalan Mtg. and Sarah Fletcher of Lis- 
burn Mtg., were married at Lisburn Mtg., 3 Mo. i, 1712. — 
Minutes of Ulster Prov. Mtg. 

Jeremiah Starr and Robert Greer, unmarried, "two 
young men Lately arrivd from Ireland, produc'd Certifi- 
cates [New Garden Mo. Mtg., 7 Mo. 30, 1749] from ye 
Moly meeting of Coat Hill in ye North of Ireland Bearing 
date ye 23d of ye 2d Mo. 1749." At New Garden Mo. 
Mtg. II Mo. 24, 1753, Robert Greer requested a certifi- 
cate to return to Ireland, but at the meeting 12 Mo. 29, 
1753, report is made that " ye Vessel being Ready to sail 
we understand he is gone without it." 

John Russell, dated 12 Mo. 10, 1754, from Men's Meeting, 
Dublin, Ireland, received 12 Mo. 27, 1755. At New 

370 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

Garden Monthly Meeting, lo Mo. 8, 1763, "John Russell 
being about to transport himself into Ireland Requests our 
Certificate Directed to the Men's Meeting of Dublin." 
Granted 11 Mo. 4, 1763. At New Garden, 10 Mo. 6, 
1764, " John Russel being returned from Ireland Produced 
a Certificate from the Men's Meeting in Dublin, bearing 
date y' 29'" of y' s"" mo. last." 

John Russel, b. I Mo. 6, 1735, son of Thomas and Sarah 
Russel, of Ireland, probably of Dublin, was married 11 Mo. 11, 
1767, to Hannah, daughter of John and Jane (McNab) Fincher. 
They resided in Chester County until 1779, when they remo\ed 
their certificates of membership from Kennett to Pipe Creek 
Monthly Meeting, Frederick County, Md., and lived for a time 
near Union Bridge. Their final settlement was near New Market, 
Frederick County, where he died 11 Mo. 14, 1815. Children 
were : Thomas, b. 9 Mo. 16, 1768, m. Sarah Roberts ; Sarah, b. 
4 Mo. 10, 1770, m. John Roberts ; Jesse b. 3 Mo. 17, 1772, m. 
Content Garretson ; Mary, b. 2 Mo. 11, 1774, m. Joseph L. 
Scholfield ; Rachel b. 6 Mo. 30, 1776, d. aged 7 years; James, 
b. 4 Mo. 3, 1779, ™- Susan Janney ; Abel, b. 5 Mo. 23, 1781, 
m. Elizabeth Roberts ; John, b. 5 Mo. 7, 1783, m. Ann Hughes ; 
Hannah, b. 12 Mo. 29, 1785, d. 9 Mo. 2, 1807. — See Russell 
Genealogy, 1-2 (by Isaac S. Russel, New Market, Md., 1887). 


In Chester County. Established in 1737, from New.irk, or Kennett and 

Evan Wilkinson, unmarried, from Ballinacree Meeting, 
County Antrim, Ireland, dated 10 Mo. 2, 1736, received 
5 Mo. 21, 1737. " Hath Lived within the bounds of this 
Meeting from his Childhood, his parents were Creditable 
friends among us." Original on file. 

Ann Wilkinson, from Ballinacree Meeting, County Antrim, 
received 4 Mo. 15, 1738. 

She was disowned by Bradford Monthly Meeting, 11 Mo. 15, 
1740, for marriage by a " priest " to Ferguson Graham. 

Joseph Wilkin.son, unmarried, from Ballinacree Meeting, 
County Antrim, dated 2 Mo. 23, 1737, received 12 Mo. 
16, 1737. A "Son to Francis Wilkinson Deced." Has 

Bradford Monthly Meeting 371 

lived within " the Compass of this Meet^ from his Child- 

Francis Wilkinson ' seems to have resided near Ballinacree, or 
Ballymoney, County Antrim, and besides his son Joseph, probably 
had other children : Evan, Ann, and Samuel, all of whom came 
to Pennsylvania about the same time as Joseph. At Ulster 
Province Meeting, 5 Mo. 2, 1698, Francis Wilkinson was ap- 
pointed to inquire into the "clearness" of John Hunter, of Bally- 
money, who desired to marry Jane Sterling, of Coleraine, County 

Joseph Wilkinson came over to Pennsylvania in 1737 and was 
married 10 Mo. 31, 1740, to Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas and 
Elizabeth Fisher, of Kennett, Chester County. They resided in 
East Cain, in the latter county, but afterwards resided at other 
places. He died 9 Mo. 10, 1760, having had the following chil- 
dren : Frances, b. 12 Mo. 15, 1741 ; Susanna, b. 12 Mo. 29, 
1743; Thomas, b. 12 Mo. 5, 1745; Elizabeth, b. 6 Mo. 30, 
1748; Joseph, b. 7 Mo. 17, 1750; Mary, b. 3 Mo. 20, 1752; 
Ruth, b. 7 Mo. 27, 1754; Alice, b. 12 Mo. 10, 1755. 

The w^idow, Elizabeth Wilkinson, and her family removed 
within the limits of Warrington Monthly Meeting, York County, 
not long after the death of her husband, and she was married a 
second time to Joseph, son of Peter and Sarah (Gilpin) Cook, of 
Warrington. She died at York early in the nineteenth century 
and was buried in Friends' graveyard at York. 

Francis Wilkinson, son of Joseph and Elizabeth, m. 4 Mo. 11, 
1770, Hannah Mode daughter of Alexander and Rebecca, and 
settled in London Grove Township, Chester County. Children : 
Rebecca, m. William Hoopes ; Elizabeth, m. James Trimble ; 
Joseph; Hannah, m. Joseph Pennock ; Francis, m. Phebe Pusey ; 
Susanna, m. Moses Way ; Mode ; Amy, m. Thomas Hicks ; 
WiUiam ; Ruth, m. John Edge. — Hist. Chester County, 763-4. 

'James Moote, of Ballynacreemore, in his will dated Dec. 29, 1727, 
mentions his daughter Frances Wilkinson and her son William Wilkinson. 

In 167S and 16S1, WiUiam Wilkinson, of Antrim, had his goods taken 
for tithes. — Stockdale, A Great try of Oppression, 97, 166. 

In 1681 Thomas Wilkinson, of Antrim, had his goods seized for tithes. 
—Ibid., 166. 

Samuel Wilkinson, of Antrim Meeting, and Mary Sedgwick, of Ballin- 
derry Mtg., m. 4 Mo. 24, 1713, at the house of Widow Boyes. 

Elizabeth Wilkinson and Eli Crocket, both of Ballymoney Meeting, m. 
H Mo. 4, 1715, at house of James Moore. 

At a meeting in County Antrim, 10 Mo. 2, 1708, one Joseph Wilkinson 
received a certificate to take with him to England, " whither he goes to 
improve himself in the world." 

372 hnmigration of the Irish Quakers 

William Purdy, unmarried, from Ballynacree Meeting, 

County Antrim, dated 2 Mo. 23, 1737, received 4 Mo. 15, 


In 167 1, in County Tyrone, one William Purdy, for tithes had 
taken 14 loads of "Turf," some " Hey," and barley, valued at 
2s. 6d. — Stockdale, 6. 

In 1674 William Purdy, of County Tyrone, had taken for 
" Clerks Wages " "a Pick-ax," valued at 2s. 6d. — Ibid., 220. 

One Thomas Purdy and Ann Coots, " Als Ridge," were mar- 
ried at the meeting at Grange, near Charlemont, 2 Mo. 16, 1701. 
— Minutes of Ulster Province Aleetitii^. 

William Sheppard, unmarried, from Grange, near Charle- 
mont, Ireland, dated 4 Mo. 20, 1739, received 8 Mo. 18, 
1739. He is a birthright member. His parents removed 
"from this neighborhood (when he y° S*" William was but 
young) to a small meeting Some miles Distant from us, 
Yet under our Care, being in y' Compas our mens meeting. 
Among signers were Benjamin and John Shepherd, Jacob, 
Joseph, and Benjamin Marshill, and Lawrence and Benja- 
min Hobson. Original on file. 

William Shepherd, of Menallen Meeting, now Adams County, 
son of Solomon Shepherd, deceased, of Ireland, was married 3 
Mo. 31, 1749, at London Grove Meeting, to Richmunday Wood, of 
London Grove, Chester County. Among his children were Mary, 
Solomon, Thomas, and William She])herd. 

Thomas Paine, unmarried, from Mountmellick Meeting, 
Queen's County, Ireland, dated 2 Mo. 26, i73cS, received 
9 Mo. 17, 1743. He "for Some-time hath made profes- 
sion with us and Served an Aprentiseship within y" Com- 
pass of our Monthly Meeting." Original on file. 

William Pim. 

Richard Pim, of Leicestershire, England, in his old age, about 
1655, removed to Ireland. His son William m. Dorothy (d. 9 
Mo. I, 1685 ; buried at Tineal, near Rosenallis). daughter of 
William Neal, and went with his family also to settle in Ireland, 
in the same year. John Pim, son of William, b. in Leicester- 
shire ; d. 5 Mo. 29, 1718, at Mountrath, Ireland; m. in 1663, 
Mary (d. 2 Mo. 5, 1726), daughter of William Pleadwell, and 
lived at Mountrath, Ireland. He had eleven children, of whom 
the eldest was Moses, b. 7 Mo. 19, 1664, d. 1 Mo. 5, 1716 (killed 
by machinery of his rope mill), m. Ann, daughter of Christopher 

Bradford Monthly Meeting 373 

and Phillipa Raper. Ann Raper, b. i Mo. 9, 1664, at Ivan Mills, 
near Ballinakill, Queen's County, d. 3 Mo. 18, 1743; buried at 

William Pim, son of Moses, was born at Lackah, Queen's 
County, II Mo. 15, 1692; m. 11 Mo. 2, 17 15, at Mountrath, 
Dorothy, daughter of Thomas and Dorothy Jackson. She was 
born 8 Mo. 22, 1694, at Killenare. William I'im and family came 
to Pennsylvania in 1730, and settled in the Great Valley, near 
East Cain Meeting, Chester County. Here Dorothy died i Mo. 
15, 1732. He married, secondly, i Mo. 13, 1733, at Concord 
^Ieeting, Ann, widow of James Gibbons, of Westtown Township, 
Chester County. 

For many years he served as clerk of Bradford Monthly Meet- 
ing, as elder in East Cain Meeting, and as Justice of the Peace. 
He died 10 Mo. 11, 1751, in East Cain Township. In his will, 
dated 175 i, he mentions his sister, Susanna Purdy. 

Children of William and Dorothy (Jackson) Pim : Moses, b. at 
Killenare, Queen's Co., 10 Mo. 27, 1716, d. unmarried; Sarah, 
b. 4 Mo. 23, 1719, at Durrow, Kilkenny, m. at Cain Meeting, 9 
Mo. 2, 1737, George, son of Aaron and Rose Mendenhall ; 
Thomas, b. at Durrow, 3 Mo. i, 1721, d. East Cain, 10 Mo. 3, 
1786, m. at East Cain Meeting, Frances, daughter of James 
Wilkinson, late of Wilmington, Delaware (children : Moses ; 
Ann, m. John Edge ; William ; Thomas ; Hannah, m. James 
Miller ; Sarah, m. Amos Lee; John; Rachel, m. Nathan Spencer); 
Hannah, b. Durrow, 4, Mo. 18, 1723, d. loMo. 1756, m. Thomas 
Paine ; Richard, b. Arkhill, Co. Kildare, 10 Mo. 10, 1728, d. 
East Cain, 4 Mo. 12, 1760, m. Hannah Lewis; Mary, b. East 
Cain, 6 Mo. 6, 1731, d. i Mo. 30, 1732. — See Cope, Smedley 
Genealogy, 1 6 1-4, Hhtory of Chester County, 685. 

William Pim wrote a long letter,' dated 6th of 2d Mo., 1732, 
to his uncles, Thomas and Joshua Pim, of Montrath, Queen's 
Co., Ireland, in which he tells of loss of his wife and youngest 
child by the small-pox, then prevalent in the colony. He speaks 
of it as the third visitation of the disease since the settlement of 
the country by the Enghsh. He had lost a servant, Jo : Gavin, 
b) it, making three out of his family of 12 persons. "I am in 
expectation of Ja : Ni.;holson in a little time, ^ whom I expect an 
ace' from Ireland & if he dont bring me a servant or servants 
I shall be in great want, for I am soe now. I hired an Indifferent 
hand lately at Husbandry & it cost me 36^ for 4 weeks (& diet)." 

" This Country I find most agreeable to my Health (else it is 
w'*" working harder) : this country also is governed by more 
agreeable Laws than that." 

' A full copy of this letter is injthe collection of Gilbert Cope, of West 
Chester, Pa. 

374 Imrnigratiofi of the Irish Quakers 

The following letter ' was written by an uncle of the emigrant, 
William Pirn, to his grand-nephew, Joshua Pirn, of Usher's Island, 
Dublin : 


"Joshua PiM, ^ nth of ii mo. 1768. | 

Loving Cousin, 

In answer to thy request mentioned in 
thine of the 9th instant I send thee this : I can go no further 
back than to my great grandfather Richard Pirn, who before his 
marriage lived a considerable time, a cook, with (I think he was 
called) Sir John Stanhope, ancestor to the Earl of Chesterfield. I 
heard of but one brother that he had, called Robert Pim, who he 
said came into Ireland when young, of whom he heard no more. 
We suppose he was that Robert Pim that Sir John Temple men- 
tions to have been murdered by the Rebels at Graigue-ne-manch, 
in the County of Kilkenny. Richard Pim, before his marriage, 
had acquired what they call three livings ; I suppose that to be 
three small pieces of land with each a dwelling on it. 

He took a liking to a neighbor's daughter, a comely young girl 
of thirteen years of age, and as he and his fellow servants rode 
out on a merry-making, one of his fellow-servants took a pillow 
behind him and found her playing ball with other girls and asked 
her to go with them, which she did (it is probable that this was 
by conceit) and the said Richard married her and sent her to a 
boarding school for two years and then took her home at fifteen 
years of age. By her he had my grandfather, William Pim, and 
several daughters ; one married Godfrey Cantrell and one mar- 
ried to William Neale. 

My grandfather, William Pim, married Dorothy, the sister of 
William Neal, and dwelt if I remember right, at his grandfather 
Neales house in Castledunnington, in Leistershire, in the year 
1641 ; and in the year 1655 Godfrey Cantrell and family came 
into Ireland and Richard Pim, then very old, came with him and 
some time after died at Godfrey Cantrell' s house, near Rosenallis 
(in the Queen's County), and was buried in the Church at Rose- 
nallis. The same year my grandfather William Pim, and William 
Neal and families came over and settled in the County of Cavan, 
where after some years my grandfather died and was buried in his 
orchard at his own request, tho of the profession of the church of 
England ; about which time William Kdmundson and Richard 
Jackson and some other Friends retnoved to the (lueen's Co. 
William Edmundson settled near Rosenallis, Richard Jackson 
and my father near Mount Melick. My father had his mother to 
take care of, and one sister, Ellen, afterwards the wife of Thomas 
Nevitt. My father joined partnership with Richard Jackson in 

' Cope, Smtdley Genealogy, 162-64. 

Bradford ]\Ionthly Meeting 375 

the Butchering trade, and at Mount Mehck became acquainted 
with my mother, Mar)', the daughter of William Pleadwell, who 
was born at Normanton upon Sere, in Nothinghamshire. My 
grandfather, William Pleadwell and his wife came into Ireland in 
1655, they being Baptists, and settled near Killaloe. He had by 
his first wife Tobias Pleadwell, and by a second wife John Plead- 
well, and by a third wife Thomas Pleadwell and my mother and 
two other daughters, one of whom was married to William Neale ; 
and some time after my grandfather settled near Killaloe he was 
convinced by the ministry of Edward Burroughs and died not 
after ; and as his son Tobias Pleadwell was convinced some time 
before his father and settled at Mount Melick, my grandmother 
and her children came to dwell at Mountmelick, and in the year 
1663 my father & mother married and settled at Mountmelick ; 
but in the year 1665 my father and several other friends were 
sent to prisoners for Tythe to Maryborough Gaol, where they con- 
tinued prisoners for several years, though he had nothing tithe- 
able but a garden ; so he got a ho\ise in Maryborough for my 
mother to dwell in and by favour of the Gaoler or Gaolers fol- 
lowed some business in his trade at Maryborough, and after they 
were discharged from the prison he took a farm at Coalnecart, 
part of the lands thy father now holds, and in 1678 or 1679 he 
went to live at Mountrath. As to the feme and place of the births 
and burials of my brothers and sisters I refer thee to the abstract 
of the monthly meeting records of births and burials of Mount 
Melick Monthly Meeting, which abstract, so far as relates to 
Mountrath meeting is mostly in my handwriting. I suppose it is 
in the hands of John Clendenon. 

Thojias Pim. 
P. S. Richard Jackson, before mentioned, had three sons, 
John, Thomas and Robert, and one daughter, Sarah, the wife of 
Nicholas Gribble. John I had no acquaintance with : Thomas, 
thy grandfather, lived at Killenare, and Robert at Mountmelick : 
thy grandmother, Sarah Pim, was born at Killenare. Thou may 
get all their genealogies out of the records of births and burials 
of Mountmelick monthly meeting." i 

' Thomas Pim, the writer of the above letter, was the sixth son of John 
and Mary Pim. He resided at Mountrath until about 1735, when he went 
to live with his son's family at Tullylast, County Kildare. He died a few 
months after he wrote the letter, in his 86th year. He had two sons who 
had large families. My mother was his son Robert's eldest child. She 
was 16 years old when he died, and often spoke of him with great re- 
spect. His last grandchild, John Pirn, died last summer in his Sgth year. 
His sister, Hannah, died in her 91st year in 1849. There are now not any 
of his descendants of the name of Pim among Friends. — Robert Good- 
iody writing in 18^2. 

376 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

In Chester County. Established in 1722, from Chester. 

Joshua Marsh, wife Elizabeth, children, Jonathan, Peter, 
and Abigail, received 9 Mo. 15, 1736, dated 4 Mo. 2, 
1736, from Grange Meeting, near Charlemont. See Marsh 

John Marsh and wife Elizabeth, received 8 Mo. 18, 1736, 
dated 4 Mo. 2, 1736, from Grange Meeting, near Charle- 

Thomas McMollin [McMillan] and wife Deborah, received 
8 Mo. 15, 1739, dated 3 Mo. 6, 1738, from Ballinacree 
County Antrim, Ireland. See McMillan family. 

William Vance, wife Elizabeth, dated 2 Mo. 3, 1741, from 
[Grange] Meeting, near Charlemont, Ireland. 

Thomas Parvin, received 7 Mo. 10, 1750, dated 2 Mo. 24, 
1750, from Dublin, Ireland. 


In Cecil County, Maryland. Established from New Garden in 1730. 

Mary Norton, daughter of Edward Norton, "of y' County 
of Armagh," Ireland, was married 9 Mo. 24, 1733, under 
auspices of Nottingham Mo. Mtg., to Richard Brown, son 
of William Brown, of West Nottingham. 

Edward Norton, of West Nottingham, Chester County, son 
of Edward Norton of "ye City and Parish of Armagh," 
Ireland, deceased, was married 8 Mo. 16, 1739, ^' Notting- 
ham, Mo. Mtg., to Elizabeth Brown, daughter of William 

Joseph McRannells, received n Mo. 27, 1737, dated 2 
Mo. 27, 1737, from Grange Meeting, Ireland. 

Samuel Rutter, received 11 Mo. 17, 1753; dated 3 Mo. 
30, 1753, from Dublin, Ireland. 

Sadsbury Monthly Meeting 377 

Elizabeth Crainer, unmarried, dated 7 Mo. 7, 1754, from 
Ballyhagen Meeting, Ireland. Original certificate in 
Friends' Historical Library of Swarthmore College. 

Joseph Tremble [Trimble], son of William and Mary 
Tremble, of Ireland, was married 11 Mo. 31, 1744, at 
Nottingham Meeting to Sarah, daughter of John and Han- 
nah Churchman, of East Nottingham. 

Joseph Trimble, or Tremble, as the name was generally writ- 
ten, emigrated from Ireland when some fifteen years of age, 
probably about 1730, and served a time of farming and wagoning 
with William Brown, a miller, of Nottingham. In 1741 he settled 
on a farm near by, which remained in the family until 1856. 
His wife was born 2 Mo. 17, 1716, and died 8 Mo. 2, 1750, 
leaving three children. Joseph was married, secondly, 2 Mo. 22, 
1753, to Ann Chandler, daughter of William and Ann, of Lon- 
don Grove. She died 12 Mo. 31, 1793. Children : William, b. 
10 Mo. I, 1745, d. 5 Mo. 30, 1819 ; John, b. 12 Mo. 16, 1746, d. 
about 1809, near Chillicothe, Ohio; Mary, b. 7 Mo. 11, 1748; 
Joseph, b. 10 Mo. 29, 1754, d. 12 Mo. 5, 1831 ; Thomas, b. 5 
Mo. 4, 1756 ; Jacob, b. 2 Mo. 27, 1758 ; Sarah, b. 5 Mo. 23, 
1760, m. Job Sidwell ; James, b. 4 Mo. 20, 1762, d. 12 Mo. 5, 
183! ; Elisha, b. 3 Mo. 18, 1765, d. 8 Mo. 28, 1848. 

One William Trimble, born 1705, in County Antrim, Ireland, 
and James Trimble, probably a brother, came over from Ireland, 
and in 1734-35 joined Friends at Concord Monthly Meeting. 
William was married 9 Mo. 13, 1734, to Ann, daughter of John and 
Martha Palmer, of Concord, and died 8 Mo. 5, 1795, in Concord 
Township, now Delaware County. James Trimble, b. in Ire- 
Ireland, June 24, 1707, arrived in Pennsylvania about 6M0. , 1 7 19, 
and died 1 1 Mo. 21, 1792, in West Bradford, Chester County. He 
married 10 Mo. 3, 1735, Mary Palmer, another daughter of John 
and Martha. For a more extended account of the Trimbles see 
Futhey and Cope's History of Chester County, 748-750. 

Barnabas McNamee, of Ireland, and Mary Pearson, daughter 
of John and Margaret, of Middletown, now Delaware 
County, were married 4 Mo. 8, 1756, at Nottingham. 


In Lancaster County. Established in 1737, from New Garden. 

Samuel Wilkison, received 12 Mo. 6, 1737-8, dated 2 Mo. 
23. 1737, from Ballinacree Meeting, County Antrim, Ire- 

3/8 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

James Hunter, recieved i Mo. 6, 1738, dated 3 Mo. 10. 
1736, from Ballinacree Meeting, County Antrim, Ireland, 

John Hunter of Lisburn Mtg. and Elizabeth Matthews, of Lur- 
gan, were married at Lurgan, 10 Mo. 24, 1701. — Minutes of Ulster 
Prov. Mtg. 

William Hunter, County Londonderry, in 167 1, had taken 6 
" stocks of Barley, 20 stooks of Oats and one load of Hey," valued 
at IIS. 2d. — Stockdale, A Great Cry of Oppression, I. 

In 1674, one John Hunter, County Antrim, had his goods seized 
for tithes.— //«'«'. , 35. 

In 1678, John Hunter, of Ballinderry Parish, County Antrim, 
had his goods taken for tithes. — Ibid., 95. 

In 1681, John and James Hunter, of liallinderry Parish, County 
Antrim, had goods taken for tithes. — Ibid., 169. 

One John Hunter, of Ballymoney Meeting, and Jane Sterling, of 
Coleraine Meeting were married 5 Mo. 12, 1698, at the house of 
Sarah Melvin in Coleraine, County Antrim. 

Nicholas Steer, received i Mo. 6, 1737-8, dated 3 Mo. 23, 
1734, from Lisburn, County Antrim, Ireland. 

Thomas Bolough, or Bulla, received 4 Mo. 4, 1739, dated 

3 Mo. 19, 1738, from Grange, Ireland. 

One Richard Bullough and Rachel Morton, both of Minnallan 
Mtg., were married 8 Mo. 20, 1 71 5, at Minnallan, Ireland. — 
Minutes of Ulster Prov. Mtg. 

Thomas Bollo, of Sadsbury Township, Lancaster County, Pa., 
yeoman, was married, 12 Mo. 10, 1742-43, at Sadsbury Friends' 
Meeting House, to Anne Williams, of East Sadsbury Twp., 
Chester Co. , Pa. , widow of Zacharias Williams. 

James Love, received 9 Mo. 12, 1741, dated 2 Mo. 17, 
1739, from Ballyhays Meeting, County Cavan, Ireland; 
also a certificate from New Garden [Ireland], dated 8 Mo. 
28, 1738. Married Faithful Richardson, at Leacock Meet- 
ing, 12 Mo. 13, 1745. 

Samuel Boyd, received 10 Mo. 6, 1742, dated 5 Mo. 8, 1741, 
from Grange, Ireland. 

William Courtney, dated 5 Mo. i, 1763, from Ballinacree 
Meeting, County Antrim. 

lVan-i}igton Monthly Meeting 379 


In York County. Established in 1747, from Sadsbury. 

William Delap and wife Ruth, received 11 Mo. 16, 1747-8, 
dated 5 Mo. 6, 1747, from Ballyhagen Meeting, County- 
Armagh, Ireland. 
They settled in Menallen Township, now Adams County. 

Children: George, b. 11 Mo. i, 1743-4; Sarah, b. i Mo. 2, 

1748-9 ; Robert, b. 8 Mo. 15, 1750 ; John, b. 9 Mo. 15, 1752 ; 

William, b. 2 Mo. 26, 1755 ; Abigail, b. 9 Mo. 8, 1757, d. 8 

Mo. 23, 1758 ; Mary, b. 10 Mo 8, 1759. 

Daniel Winter, received 3 Mo. 21, 1748, dated 4 Mo. 5, 
1737, from Ballyhagen, County Armagh, Ireland. He 
resided in Menallen Township, now Adams County. 

Thomas Wilson, received, 4 Mo. 17, 174S, dated 4 Mo. 2, 
1736, from [Grange] Meeting, near Charlemont, County 
Armagh, Ireland. A certificate for him and his wife to Fair- 
fax Mo. Mtg., Va., was signed by Warrington, 4 Mo. 17, 

Thomas Blackkurn and wife, received 3 Mo. 19, 1750, dated 
4 Mo. 18, 1749, from Ballyhagan, County Armagh, Ireland. 

Thomas Blackburn, of Ballyhagen, Parish of Killmore, Co. 
Armagh, was married 4 Mo. 17, 1742, at Ballyhagen Meeting to 
Alice Hewit, daughter of Benjamin Hewit, of Clandroet, said 
parish and county. Marriage certificate signed by Benjamin, 
Robert, John, Mark, and Alice Hewitt and Antho. Blackburn. — 
MiD-riagt' Books of Ulster (2iiarterly Meeting, p. 64. 

He settled in Menallen Township, now Adams County, where 
he died about 1794, his will dated Jan. 6, 17S4, being probated 
Nov. I, 1794. He mentions his wife Alice and children, Thomas 
and John. 

William Nevet, received 8 Mo. 19, 1751, dated 1 Mo. 10, 
1 7 50-1, from Moat, County West Meath, Ireland. 
William Nevitt, son of Joseph and Mary Nevitt, was born 9 
Mo. 3, 1718, at Mountrath, Queen's County, Ireland. About 
1750 he came to Pennsylvania, and settled at Warrington, York 
County. He m. 5 Mo. 10, 1753, at Warrington Meeting, 
Hannah, daughter of Peter and Sarah (Gilpin) Cook, of Warring- 
ton. In 1770, he made a visit to his relatives in Ireland, taking 

380 Immigratioji of the Irish Quakers 

a certificate to Moat Meeting ; he returned in the summer of 
1 77 1. In 17SS, he was " recommended " a minister of the So- 
ciety and in that ser\ice frequently visited meetings in Pennsyl- 
vania, Mar\'land. and Virginia. He died without issue. 8 Mo. 
15, iSoo, in his S2d year. In his will> he mentions Isaac, Ruth, 
and Elizabeth Xevitt, children of his brother, Thomas Nevitt, 

WiLLi.\.M PiLL.\R, dated 6 Mo. 16, 1765, from Grange near 
Charlemont, received 6 Mo. 13, 1767. He returned to 
Ireland in 1769. 

FiXLEY McGrew, a Scotch-Irishman, who was assessed in 
London Grove Township, Chester County, as early as 
1729, and as late as 1735, became a member of Sadsbury 
Monthly Meeting, Lancaster County, in 1 746. He settled 
at an early date in Tyrone Township, now .\dams County, 
where he died about 1766. By his wife Elizabeth he had 
the following children : James b. 12 Mo. 27, 1744-5, m. 

Jane : Nathan, b. 9 Mo. 26, 1746, m. Martha 

Hendricks; William b. i Mo. 24, 1748-9; Finley, b. 2 
Mo. 23, 1751, m. Mary Hendricks; Isabelle, b. 3 Mo. 4, 
1752, d. 8 Mo. I, 1752; Peter, b. 5 Mo. 19, 1755, m. 
Patience Hendricks; Archibald, b. 4 Mo. 14, 1757. 

J.\MES McGrew, kinsman, doubtless a brother of Finley Mc- 
Grew, brought a certificate for himself and wife from 
Hopewell, Va., to Warrington Monthly Meeting, in 1750. 
A James Magrew, probably the same, was assessed in Lon- 
don Grove, Chester County in 1729 and 1734- Children 
of James and Mar>- McGrew: Finley, b. i Mo. 13, 
1735-6, m. Dinah Cox, and removed about 1787 to the 
Redstone region of Pennsylvania; Deborah, b. 7 Mo. 14, 
1739, m. Joseph Blackburn, in 1758 ; .\nn, b. 4 Mo. 29, 

1741, m. Xewlin ; Nathan, b. 3 Mo. 10, 1743, d. 

1769, m. Rachel Blackburn, in 1767; Simon, b. 11 Mo. 
5, 1745; Mary, b. 11 Mo. 5, 1748, m. Moses Blackburn, 
101767; James, b. 6 Mo. 25, i75i,m. Elizabeth McFerran, 

> Recorder's Office, York, Pa. 

'William, son of William and Elizabeth Xeviit, was bom I Mo. 25, 1714, 
at Mountmellick. William Neviu, son of William and .\nn Nevitt, b. 2 Mo. 
22, 1726, at Mountmellick Queen's County, Ireland. William Nevitt and 
Ann Hancock, both of Lisbum, County Antrim, m. 6 Mo. 7, 1753, at 
Hillsborough, County Down. 

IVarj-vigtoH Montldy Meeting 381 

about 1774, and removed to the Redstone region, about 
1794. Children of James and Elizabeth (McFeiran) Mc- 
Grew : Mary, b. 3 Mo. 10, 1774, m. Joel Hutton ; Na- 
than, m. Elizabeth Winder: Jane ; James B.; Deborah, m. 
Samuel McGrew ; Joseph ; Simon ,: Finley ; Thomas ; John 
B.; Jacob ; Archibald, m. Susanna Gilbert. 

FRAxas HoKOx, and wife Ann, from Ballyhagen Meeting, 
County Armagh, Ireland, dated 7 Mo. 4, 1764, received 
I Mo. 12, 1765. 

Francis Hobson, of DrumiUy, Parish of Loughgall, County 
Armagh, m. 9 Mo. 25. 1 741, at Ballyhagen Meeting, Ann, daugh- 
ter of Joseph Mackey, of Kincon, Parish of Kilmore, County 
Armagh. He died 12 Mo. 17, 1777, aged 72 years, and was 

buried at Menallen. Children : Marj-, m. Biackney, about 

176S ; Elizabeth, m. 7 Mo. 17, 1777, at Warrington, Richard 
Blatchford ; Ann, m. 3 Mo. 22, 1770, at Warrington, Henry 
Atherton ; Francis, m. 12 Mo. 12, 1770, at Menallen, Susanna 
Jones (he made a trip to Ireland about 1772); Phebe, m. 5 Mo. 
18, 1775, at Warrington, Richard Atherton ; Joseph, b. 1746, m. 
Ann , about 177S, and removed to near Richmond, Jeffer- 
son Coimty, Ohio, about 1800; Robert, being in ill health in 1776, 
was placed in care of Dr. Da\-id Jem mi son, of York, York County. 

Elizabeth Wright, from meeting of Grange near Charle- 
mont, Ireland, dated 12 Mo. 25, 1774, received 10 Mo. 
14, 1775- 

Joseph Hewit and family, dated 4 Mo. 22, 1772, from 
Ballyhagen Meeting, Ireland, received 9 Mo. 12, 1772.' 
A son Geoge, b. 12 Mo. 25, 1750; d. 2 Mo. 15. 1S41 ; m. 11 

Mo. 16, 1774, at Menallen >Ieeting, Deborah, daughter of John 

and Mary Morton, of Menallen. 

> Childroi of Jonathan and Ann Hewitt, of Menallen : Abel. b. 3 Mo. 
5, 1779 ; Sarah, b. 11 Mo. ij, 17S0: Tosepli, b. 9 Mo. 25, 17S2. 

One John He-s-et, of BaUvhageii Meedng and Isabelle Hoope, of Lar- 
gan Meeting were married, 2 Mo. 16, 1 701, at Lcrgan, Ireland. 

One Mark Hewit, of Qandmle, Parisi Kilmore Conntv Armagg, and 
Marv McKecrick, of Denyane, Parish LoGghgall, County Armagh, were 
married I Mo. 25, 1742, at Ballyhagen. Among signeis woe: Hannah 
and Tonas McKetrick, John, Robot, and Benjamin Hewit, John Allen, 

382 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 


MTG., N. J. 

Established in 1695. 

Mark Newby and Will : Battes, dated 6 Mo. 21, 1681, from 
Bellicare Mtg., County Wicklow, Ireland. 

Thomas Dennis. " Dwelt Amongst us about nine years." 
From Moat Mtg., County West Meaih, near Athlone, Ire- 
land, dated i Mo. 26, 1682. 

Jonathan Wood, wife and children, "he Being A Weaver 
by trade hath followed that Imployment untiU It did soo fale 
that he & his famely Could not Live Comfortably of itt 
& being his Stock but smale And farme Lytle." Two 
daughters and one son, dated 5 Mo. S, 1683, from Bally- 
hagen. County Armagh, Ireland. 

Thom.\s Thackara, wife Esther, and children, from Dub- 
lin, dated 6 Mo. 16, 1681. 


Established in 1676. 

Joseph White, son of Samuel and ? White, born i 

Mo. 20, 1 65 1-2, in a town called Sulyrane, in North 
Hampshire, England. He went from England to Ireland 
in 1672, taking ship 7 Mo. 25. Afterwards he married 
" Elizabeth Church, who came from Dolbay of the Woulds 
in Lestershire in England to Ireland." They belong to New 
Garden Mtg., "their dwelling place and took Ship at 
Dublin in Ireland for West Jersey in ,\merika who .\fter 
eight weeks, two days Arrived to Elsinburgh," West Jersey, 
9 Mo. 17, 1681, together with servants as followeth. 
" Hugh Middleton whoose father was of Lestershire and his 

mother of Glocestershire. 

" Allsoo Mathias bellore (?) his father and mother weere 

English people. 

Irish Quakers of Newton 383 

" 3ly Hannah Asbury her father an Englishman her mother 
borne in Ireland." 


Thomas Sharp, " woolstead comber," of Dublin, nephew of 
of Anthony Sharp, a wealthy Quaker merchant of that 
city, was one of the leaders of the Irish Quaker settlement 
of Newton, N. J. He has left the following interesting 
account of his immigration and settlement, written in 
1718: ' 

" Let it be remembered y' upon yi^ nineteenth day of September, 
in y" year of our Lord one thousand six hundred and eighty-one, 
Mark Newby, \Villiam Bates, Thomas Thackara, George Gold- 
smith and Thomas Sharp, set saile from y' Harbor belonging to 
y" city of Dublin in y^ Kingdom of Ireland, in a pink called Y' 
oiuner s adventure, whereof Thomas Lurtin, of London, was com- 
mander, and being taken sick in y'^ city, his mate John Dagger, 
officiated in his place ; in order to transport us, and y' we might 
settle ourselves in West Jersey, in America. And by y« good 
providence of God we arrived in y Capes of Delaware y eigh- 
teenth day of November following, and so up y' bay until we came 
to Elsenburg, and were landed with our goods and families at 
Salem, where we abode y° winter. But it being very favourable 
weather and purchasing a boat amongst us, we had an opportunity 
to make search up and down in y' which was called y"" Third tenth, 
which had been reserved for y« proprietors dwelling in Ireland, 
where we might find a place suitable for so many of us to settle 
down together, being in these early times somewhat doubtful of 
y*^ Indians, and at last pitched down by y' which is now called 
Newton creek, as y*^ most invitingist place to settle down by, and 
then we went to Burlington, and made application to y" commis- 
sioners y' we might have warrants directed to Daniel Leeds, y° 
Surveyor General, to survey unto every of us, so much land as 
by y constitution at y' time was alloted for a settlement being five 
hundred acres, or y' we had a right to, for a taking up it under, 
which accordingly we obtained. 

"At which time also Robert Zane, who came from ye city of 

'Liber A, of Gloucester County deeds, page 98, in the Office of the 
Secretary of State, Trenton, N. J. (See Judge Clement's First Sittlers in 
Newton, 24-26. ) 

384 Immigration 0/ the Irish Quakers 

Dublin, and had been settled in Salem, four years before, joined 
in with us who had a right to a tenth, Mark Newby to a twentieth, 
William Bates to a twentieth, Thomas Thackara to a twentieth, 
Thomas Sharp (out of his uncle Anthony Sharp's right) a 
twentieth, and George Goldsmith (under ye notion of Thomas 
Starkey's right) a tenth ; all which of us excepting William Bates 
who took his on ye southerly side of Newton creek, we took our 
land in one tract together for one thousand seven hundred and 
fifty acres, bounding in ye forks of Newton creek and so over to 
Cooper's creek and by a line of marked trees to a small branch of 
ye fork creek and so down ye same as by ye certficate of it stand- 
ing upon record in ye Secretary's office it doth appear. And 
after some time finding some incoveniency in ha\ing our land in 
common together being at ye time settled at ye place now called 
Newton in ye manner of a town for fear as aforesaid at which 
being removed we came to an agreement to divide. George 
Goldsmith he chose the head of the creek, Thomas Sharp the 
forks or lower end of the land next towards the river by which 
means the rest kept to their settlements without any disadvantage 
to themselves. 

And so ye land was divided according to every man's right. 
* » « 

Given under my hand the 3rd month, 3rd, 17 18. 

Thomas Sharp." 

Thomas Sharp was Recorder and Clerk of the Courts of Glouces- 
ter County for many years. He was also a surveyor and made sev- 
eral important maps of the early settlements which are reproduced 
in facsimilein Judge Clement's /»i/&///6-r.f()/"A«i'/c«. Heacted 
as agent for his uncle, Anthony Sharp, of Dublin, who had large 
holdings in New Jersey. In 1684, he was made Commissioner 
of Highways, and in the following year was returned as a mem- 
ber of the Legislature. I n 1 700, he became Judge of the Glouces- 
ter County Courts. 

Thomas Sharp was married in 1684, to Sarah Fearn, of Darby. 
A daughter Elizabeth, m. 8 Mo. 3, 1709, at Darby, John, son 
of John and Mary Hallowell, and resided at Darby and New- 
ton. Children of John and Elizabeth Hallowell : Sarah, b. 1 1 
Mo. 16, 1710, d. 7 Mo. 17, 1747, m. John Hurst; Samuel, b. 3 
Mo. 10, 1713 ; John, b. 7 Mo. 10, 1715, d. 7 Mo. 26, 1778, m. 
Hannah Lewis ; Thomas, b. ii Mo. 13, 1717, d. 8 Mo. 29, 1788, 
m. Ann. Thomson; Joseph, b. 12 Mo. 28, 1721, d. 5 Mo. 8, 
1792, m. Elizabeth Holcomb ; Mary, b. 2 Mo. i, 1729, d. 12 Mo. 
16, 1791, m. John Elmslie. 

Irish ^takers of Newton 385 

Isaac Sharp, son of Anthony Sharp, of Dublin, came to New 
Jersey about 1702-3, and settled at Blessington, now 

He was Judge of Salem Court and served as a member of the 
Assembly from 1709 to 1725. About 1726 he returned to Ire- 
land and resided on his estate called " Roundxvood," in Queen's 
County, where he died in 1735. He married in 1704, Margaret 
Braithwaite, of Salem, and had children : Anthony. Isaac (of 
Blessington, Salem County, N. J., died in 1770. He was also 
Judge of Salem Court), Joseph, Sarah, Rachel (m. Daniel De- 
laney, of Queen's County, Ireland, by whom she had children : 
Sharp, William, Martin). — American Genealogist, 146. 

Robert Zane, of Dublin, "Serge Maker," pioneer settler of 
Newton, or the Irish Tenth, in Gloucester County, N. J., 
probably came out with John Fenwick and his party, in 
1675, for he was one of the members of the Friends' Meet- 
ing established at Salem that year. 

By deed of April 12, 1677, he became one of the Proprietors of 
West New Jersey. In 1679 he was married, at Burlington Meet- 
ing, to Alice Alday, who is thought to have been an Indian. In 
1681 he became a settler at Newton. He was elected to the first 
Legislature in 16S2, and was returned in 1685. He died in 1694, 
leaving his second wife, Elizabeth (daughter of Henry Willis, of 
Hempstead, Long Island), and several children to survive him. 

Children were : Nathaniel, b. about 1673, m. Grace Rake 

straw, of Philadelphia, in 1697 ; Robert, m. Jane ; Elna- 

than ; Simon ; Mary ; Esther; and Sarah. (For further details see 
Clement's First Settlers of A^ewton, 11-22, and Penna. Mag., 
XII., 123-25.) 

William Bates, carpenter, of County Wicklow, who was im- 
prisoned in 1670, for attending'Friends' Meeting at Thomas 
Trafford's house in Wicklow {Besse, II., 470), was one of 
a company of Friends who purchased a share of West New 
Jersey, by deed of April 12, 1677. 

He sailed from Dublin in September, in 1681, in Ye Owners 
Adventure, and settled with the other Irish Friends at Ne^vton, 
where he owned 250 acres of land. In 1683 he was one of the 
representatives from the Irish Tenth in the Legislature of the 
Province of West New Jersey, and was the same year appointed 
constable. The next year he was again returned as a member of 
the Legislature, and was appointed one of the commissioners for 
laying out highways. He died in 1700. His children, all bom 


386 I»i7nigration of the Irish Quakers 

in Ireland, were : Jeremiah, m. Mary, daughter of Samuel Spicer ; 
Joseph, m. Mercy Clement, in 1701 ; Abigail, m. Joshua Fearne, 
in 1687 ; William, said to have married an Indian girl ; Sarah, 
m. Simon Ellis, in 1692.' 

George Goldsmith, a Friend, came over from Dublin, in 
Ye Owners Adventure, in 1681-2, and settled at Gloucester, 
N. J.» 

His grandson, James Parrock, a Friend, of Philadelphia, ship- 
wright, aged seventy-six years, in a deposition made at Phila- 
delphia, Jan. 2, 1751, states that his grandfather had formeily 
lived at Ballinakill, Queen's County, Ireland, and had served in 
Ireland as Lieutenant in Cromwell's Army.' 

John Hugo, from the Parish of Castle Ellis, County We.xford, 
was an early settler on Little Timber Creek, in the Newton 
settlement, where in 1683 he purchased 500 acres of land 
from Robert Zane. 

He served as a member of the Jersey Legislature in 1685. He 
died in 1706. His children were: John, Judge of Gloucester 
County courts, 1695-1706, Provincial Councillor of West New 
Jersey, etc., m. Priscilla, daughter of Francis Collins; Elias, m. 

Margaret, sister of Priscilla Collins ; Joseph, m. Sarah ; 

and Charles.' 

Mark Nevvbie, says Judge Clement, "was a resident of the 
city of London, and a tallow chandler." He was a mem- 
ber of a Friends' Meeting, whose house of worship was in 
a street of that city, called "Barbican, " and removed to 
Dublin, in i58i. 

Unfortunately the Judge does not give his authority for this 
statement or it might be confirmed ; but this date of removal to 
London is at least ten years too late, for Stockdale mentions 
Newbie as a persecuted Quaker shopkeeper residing in Thomas 
Street, Dublin, in 1 67 1. Says Stockdale : ' 

In 1 67 1, Mark Newby, of Thomas Street, Dublin, " because for 
Conscience sake he could not be an observer of Holidays (so- 
called) he opened his Shop on the 25th of the loth month, called 
Christmas day." For this he "had his house assaulted by a 

• Oement's First SetlUrs of Nnvton, 47-56. 
'Judge Clement's I'irU Settlers in Ne-uitoit, 67-70. 

*Jlii<i., the author's corrected copy. (Hist. Soc. of Pcnn'a. ) Type- 
written note inserted at page 70. 

* Sec Judge Clemenl's I'irst Settlers of Newton, 283-291. 
' A Great Cry of Oppression, 205 

Ii'isJi ^takers of Newton 387 

rude multitude," who with great violence threw dirt and stones 
into "his Shop, endangering his Life and his Families ; spoyled 
Shop-goods, broke Glass-windows and Pewter vessels, abused their 
Neighbours for reproving them ; the said Mark was damnified " 
16 s. 6d. 

Mark Newby set out for New Jersey, in the latter part of 1681, 
in Ye Owners Adventure and settled at Newton, the first Friends' 
meetings being held at his house. In the political affairs of New 
Jersey he took a prominent part and filled several positions of 
trust and responsibility. At the May term of the Legislature, in 
1682, he appeared as a member, and was selected by the Gover- 
nor as one of his Council. He was made one of the Land Com- 
missioners and one of the Committee of Ways and Means to raise 
money for the use of the government. He died probably early 
in 1683, for at the May term of the Legislature in 1683 he is 
mentioned as deceased. 

As far as ascertained, he had two sons and two daughters : 
Rachel, m. Isaac 1695 ; Stephen, m. Elizabeth Wood, 
in 1703; Edward, in Hannah Chew, in 1706; and Elizabeth, 
m. John Hogg, in 1 7 14. 

Hannah, the widow of Mark Newbie, married James Atkinson, 
in 1685.1 

Thomas Thackara, "stuff maker," of Dublin, by deed of 
April 12, 1677, in conjunction with other Friends, pur- 
chased one whole share of West New Jersey. 
He sailed with his family from Dublin, in September, 1681, in 
Ye. Ouiners Adventure, and settled on 250 acres at Newton. He 
became one of the leading men of the settlement, serving as a 
member of the first Legislature that sat at Burlington to frame and 
adopt laws for the Province. In 1682, he was appointed one of 
the Judges of the Court for the Irish Tenth and served until 1685, 
inclu-ive. He was also one of the land commissioners. The first 
Friends' meeting house built at Newton stood upon lands con- 
veyed by him to the trustees of the Society. He died about 1702, 
letters of administration on his estate being granted in that year. 
His first wife probably died after his settlement here, as in 1689 
he married Hepzibah, daughter of Francis Eastlake. 

Children were : Benjamin, m. Mary, daughter of William 
Cooper; Thomas, m. (i) Ann Parker and (2) Abigail Bates; 
Hannah, m. John Whitall ; Sarah, m. John Eastlack ; and Hep- 

' For a further account see Judge Clement's First Settlers oj Newton, 

*For further details see Judge Clement's First Settlers of Newton, 57-66. 

388 hmnigration of the Irish Quakers 

John Jarvis, or Jervis,' a Friend, of Roscore, King's County, 
Ireland, with his son Martin, as stated in the deposition of 
James Parrock, made at Philadelphia, in 1751, was " obliged 
to fly from Ireland [in 168.S] with as much haste and pri- 
vacy as he could for fear of being massacred by the Papists." 
He came to New Jersey by way of Boston and took up his 
residence with his old friend George Goldsmith, of Glou- 
cester, N. J., where he remained until 1691, when he set- 
tled on a large tract of land which he had purchased at 
Cape May. He was appointed Justice of the Peace for Cape 
May County in 1695, 1696, and 1697. In 1701, he re- 
turned to Ireland. He had five' sons: I. Charles Jarvis' 
(b. about 1675 in Ireland, d. in London, in 1739) studied 
in London under Sir Godfrey Kneller, court painter, and 
became a celebrated artist. (He was a friend of Pope, the 
poet, and translated Don Quixote. — See National Diction- 
ary of Biography, XXIX., p. 354. ) II. John Jarvis, whoin 
1753,* was living in King's County, Ireland. III. Mathew, 
died young. IV. Trevor, died young. \'. Martin Jarvis, 
shoemaker, b. about 1675, d. 1742, says Parrock, settled for 
a time in Newton, then (jloucester County, N. J., and mar- 
ried in i6g8, Mary Champion (whose father John Champion 
came afterwards from Long Island and settled near Glouces- 
ter). In 1705, Martin Jarvis purchased a house and lot on 2d 
Street, between Market and Chestnut Streets, Philadelphia, 
and made his residence there the remainder of his life. 
His daughter Sarah married William Sandwith, an Irish 
Friend, of Philadelphia, and became the mother of Eliza- 
beth (Sandwith) Drinker (wife of Henry Drinker, of Phil- 
adelijhia, one of the Quaker exiles to Virginia, in the war of 
the Revolution), whose diary, ' covering the period 1759- 
1807, is a valuable record of the social life of the time. 

1 MS. note by Judge Clement in his own copy of his First Settlers o 
Newton (Hist. Soc. of Pcnna. ), 148. 

* Parrock says one of the sons was bound an apprentice in Boston. 

' Parrock states that he was bound an apprentice to a " Limner ' ' ( artist) 
of London. 

•William Drinker's sketch of the Jarvis family written in 1795 (Eliza- 
beth Drinker's yoKrni;/, 3-4). 

^ Extracts from the Journal of Elitahelh Drinker, 1759-1807, edited 
by Henry D. liiddle, Philadelphia, 18S9. 

Duck Creek MontJdy Meeting 389 


Established in 1705. 

Mary Mackee, from Cork, Ireland, received 12 Mo. 21, 

Sarah Hill, from Friends in County Antrim, Ireland, re- 
ceived 3 Mo. 21, 1 7 1 1 . 

George Plum, received 9 Mo. 17, 171 2. 

"A Friend lately from Ireland and now settled at Georges Creek 
appeared at this meeting and Signifyed that he had a Certificate 
with him from Friends in Ireland and since he came into Penn- 
sylvania He swimming in a Creek with his Horse his said Certi- 
ficate was destroyed by the water and riding with it in his Pocket 
afterwards sinch which Accident he has produced a paper under 
the Hands of two Friends from Bristol in Pennsylvania who de- 
clare they saw the said Certificate which this Meeting Receives." 

" Gabriel McCool produced a Certificate for himself and 
his Brother James !NIaCool fr the meeting at Dunglane in 
the County of London Derry in Ireland signed by Ten 
friends in behalf of the said Meeting." Received 9 Mo. 
22, 1725. 

In 1717 John McCool, from George's Creek and Mary Howie 
were married. Olivia McCool married John Hall, in 1763. 

In 1731, Thomas Chalkley (Journal. 25), on a voyage from the 
Barbadoes was wrecked at Reedy Island in the Delaware, and 
while recovering from injuries received was cared for at the 
" House of John M'CooI, who with his Wife, were tender in their 
Care and Love towards me." 

Elizabeth Robinson, with husband, Francis Robinson, dated 
7 Mo. 12, 1752, from Ballycane Meeting, County Wicklow, 
Ireland, to Wilmington Monthly Meeting, Delaware; they 
had removed some years before (see p. 93). 

In 1 668, in County Armagh Patrick Robinson for tythes had 
taken from him "a Tub, a Pot, a Frying-Pan, and a Parcel of 
Yarn, being most of what was in the House worth £1. 6s." — A 
Compendious View, 78. 

3 go hiwiigratioii of the Irish Quakers 

In 1672, Francis Robinson, County Armagh, had his goods 
seized for tithes {Slockda/i, 14). In 1676, in County Down, 
Francis Robinson, of Segoe Parish, suffered persecution for non- 
payment of tithes. — Ibid., 64. 

Thomas Bkian, son of William, of Waterford. m. Ann, daugh- 
ter of David Kells, of Armagh, Ireland. Children : Mary (b. 
8 Mo. 3, 1781), Rebecca, Thomas, David, Ann. — Records of 
Wilmington (Del.) Monthly Meeting. 

At Richland Monthly Meeting, Bucks County, 10 Mo. iS, 
1759, Thomas Stalford produced a certificate from Ireland. 


Archibald Bki.l, tailor, son of Archibald Bell, "of Arkin- 
hoome in parish Stablegarden, shire of Jadforrest," Scotland, and 
wife Ann, was born about 8 Mo., 1620, at Arkinhoome, and was 
married about 1648, to Ann, daughter of Ale.xander Yuruns, of 
Arkinhoome. Came to Ireland in 1655. Children: Jare (daugh- 
ter), b. Arkinhoome, 7 Mo. 1649 '< Archibald, b. same place 9 
Mo. 1651 ; John, b. circa i Mo. 1653, at " Branton of gillslard," 
Co. Cumberland, England; Mary, b. circa i Mo., 1655, at " dir- 
let near Markate hill. County Armagh," Ireland ; Richard, b. 
circa g Mo. 1657, in Parish Ballyards, Co. Armagh ; Alexander, 
b. 9 Mo. 1659, Parish Lishley, Co. Armagh ; George, b. 4 Mo. 
1662, at DrumtuUan. Parish Benbarb, Co. Armagh ; Elizabeth, b. 
4 Mo., 1665, at Ballytullan, Parish Benbarb; Sarah, b. 3 Mo. 
1669, at Tarrahmoore, Parish Shankill, Co. Armagh. 

In 1681, Archibald Bell, of Parish of Magheramisk, County 
Antrim, had his goods taken for tithes. — Stockdale, A Great Cry 
of Oppression, 169. 

In 1707, after attending meeting at Monallen [Moyallon ?] 
William Edmundson says in his foiinial, 288, "After this Meet- 
ing we went to see Archibald Bell, he being very old and feeble, 
and having walked in the Truth many Years ; we lodged at his 
House one Night, and the next Day went to the Meeting at Rich- 
ard Boyes', and so to Lisburn." 

One Simon Bell, son of William Bell, of Parish of Shankill, 
County Armagh, married Ann, daughter of Richard Crooks, of 
Kilmore, said Parish, and had a daughter Jane, b. 7 Mo. 20, 

Extracts from Irish Records. 39 1 

Alexander Mathes, blacksmith, son of Hugh Mathes (of 
Donmurry, Co. Antrim) and wife Jane, was born circa 7 Mo. 
1648, at Donmiirry. Removed to Lurgan 12 Mo. 9, 1668. He 
was married 8 Mo. 7, 1671, to Elizabeth, daughter of John and 
Dorothy Harding, of near Makeralin, Co. Down. Children : 
John, b. I Mo. 24, 1672, at Lurgan ; Jane, b. i Mo. 10, 1674, at 

Robert Chambers, son of Thomas Chambers, of Mooresome, 
near (iisbrough, Yorkshire, England, and wife Jane, was born in 
Moorsome, 9 Mo., 1646. Came to Ireland in 1661, and was 
married 5 Mo. 9, 1673, to Jane, daughter of Mark Wright and 
Ann, his wife, of Lygatory, Parish of Shankill, Co. Armagh. 
Children; John, b. 6 Mo, 5, 1674, at Dromgora ; James, b. 7 
Mo. 14, 1676, at Tanniferglasson. 

James Greer, son of Henry Greer, of Newton, Parish of 
"Sheelbiller," Northumberland, England, and Mary, his wife, 
was born at Newton circa 4 Mo. 1653. Was brought to Ireland 
"ye same year." Ht. was married 6 Mo. 20, 1678, to Elinor, 
daughter of John Rea and Elinor his wife, of Lissacurran, Parish 
of Shankill, Co. Armagh. She was born about 2 Mo. 25, 165-, 
at Lissacurran. Children : Henry, b. i Mo. 5, 1681, at Lissa- 
curran ; Mary, b. 12 Mo. 7, 1685; John, b. 7 Mo. 9, 1688; 
Thomas, b. 12 Mo. i, 1690; James, b. 6 Mo. 18, 1693. 

, Henry Greer, of Lurgan, and Sarah Henderson, of Dunclady, 
were married at the house of Katharine Henderson, widow, in 
Dunclady, 5 Mo. 6, 1704. — Minutes 0/ Ulster Province Mlg. 

In 1673, '" County Tyrone, "Henry Greer had taken from 
him for Tithe by the said Edward [' Conrey Tithmonger for the 
Dean of Ardmagh '] and William Dickson, one stook of Wheat, 
three stocks of Rye, seventeen stocks of Oats, fifteen stocks of 
Barly, and cut one yard of Hey out of his Stack, being but eight 
yards in all worth one pound. 

" Afterwards the said Edward forceably entered the said Henry's 
Stackyard, threw down a Stack, and took away what Corn he 
pleased ; a Son of Henrys taking one of their Horses by the 
Bridle, said, he could find in his heart to take him to the Pound, 
the said Edward came behind him and kncck'd him down with 
his Sword in the sheath, and the same day afterwards took out 
of his Barn what Corn he pleased." — William Stockdale, A Great 

Cry of Oppression, 30. 

James Bradshaw, son of William Bradshaw, of Prestwaith 
Parish, near Manchester, Lancashire, England, and Elizabeth, 
his wife, was born there circa 4 Mo., 1619. Came to Ireland as a 

392 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

soldier in 1649. Was married 10 Mo. 24, 1657, to Ann, daugh- 
ter of Robert Patterson, of Carrickfergus, and Katherine, his 
wife. Had ten children, as recorded in Lurgan records. 

RoBKRT HooPF.s [Hoopc] "Son of John Hoopes of Moorsom 
(neer Gisbrough) in Yorkshire in England, and of Isabell his wife, 
was born in Moorsom aforesd " 8 Mo. 18, 1639. " He came to 
Ireland Anno dom : 1660 being a tailor by trade. About the be- 
ginning of the eight moneth Anno dom : 1663 he took to wife 
Ellener ye daughter of John Hodgkinson and of An his wife of 
Preston in Anderness in Lancashire in England aforesd who was 
borne in the Sd towne about the Anno dom 1638 : and had by her 
Children borne as followth " : Ann, b. 10 Mo. 22, 1664, at Lur- 
gan ; John, b. 10 Mo. 4, 1666, at Lurgan; Abraham, b. 11 Mo. 
14, 1668, at Lurgan. — Lurgan Records. 

Robert Hoop, of County Armagh, in 1671, had taken from him 
for tithes, barley, flour, oats, and hay. — Besse's Sufferings of the 
Quakers, \o\. 11. 

Robert Hoope and Ann Harding, both of Lurgan, were mar- 
ried at Lurgan, County Armagh, 9 Mo. 17, 1702. — Minutes of 
Ulster Province Mtg. 

In 1680, " Robert Hoop and George Hodgen having a shop in 
Lurgin, the aforesaid John Weatherby ["Priest" of Parish of 
Shankill] bought some Broad cloth and other things of the said 
Robert and when he had bargained, pulled Mony out of his 
Pocket, and laid his hand on the Counter with Mony in it, and 
said, ' Cast up what it comes to, and I will pay you very well in 
your hand,' and while Robert was casting it up, he sent away the 
Taylor with the Goods, which come to sixteen shillings and a 
penny, and kept all for small Tithe, and other things, which he 
called Church-rights, due (as he said) from the said Robert 
and George, and although Robert told him of his treacherous 
dealing yet he went away and paid him nothing." — Stockdale, 

Francis Robson, son of John Robson, of Farebee, Yorkshire, 
England, and wife Elizabeth, was born at Farebee, about 1607. 
When but young he was brought into Ireland. About 1634 he 
was married to Isabella, daughter of John Anderson, of Tanni- 
ferarbat. Parish of Sego, Co. Armagh, Ireland. Children : John, 
b. 1650, at Hillsborough, Co. Down ; Catherine, b. 1651, at Kill- 
warlin, Co. Down ; Joseph, b. 1656, at Tanniferarbat ; Joan, h. 
1653, at same place ; Jacob, b. i Mo. i, 1663, at same place.— 
Lurgan Records. 

Extracts from Irish Records 393 

William Edmundsox,' the founder of Quakerism in Ireland, 
m. in 1652, Margaret, daughter of Thomas Stanford, of Braniley, 
Derbyshire, England. She died in 1691 and he m. 2d, 10 Mo. 
I, 1697, at Mountmelick Meeting, Ireland, Mary Strangman, who 
died in 1732. Children: Mary, b. 1654, at Antrim, m. William 
Fayle ; William, b. 1655, at Liirgan, left Friends; Samuel, b. 
1659, at Tineal, near Rosenallis ; Hindrance, b. 1662, at Tineal, 
m. Scale; Susanna, b. 1666, at Tineal, m. Eleazer Shel- 
don ; Anna, b. 1669, at Tineal, m. Lawrence Moore ; Trial, b. 
1671, d. 1722, m. in 1699, Abigail, daughter of Richard and 
Elizabeth Johnson. 

Children of Trial and Abigail Edmundson, all born at Tineal : 
William, b. 1700, d. 1705 ; John, b. 1701, d. 1705 ; Margaret, b. 
1703, d. 1705; Caleb, b. 1705; Joshua, b. 1705, m. in 1744 
Susanna, daughter of Tobias and Elizabeth Pirn ; Elizabeth, b. 
1707; Abigail, b. 1709; William, b. 1712, m. 6 Mo. 6, 1750, 
Jane, daughter of Robert and Sarah Roberts; Samuel, b. 17 14, 
m. Elizabeth Russell, of Dublin. 

Children of Samuel and Elizabeth Edmundson : Elizabeth, 
William, Thomas, Abigail, Hannah (m. Thomas Harvey), Sam- 
uel (m. Elizabeth), Joshua (m. in 1801, Charlotte Goff). — Data 
from Jos /lu a IVilliaut Edmundson , a Friend, of Dublin, grandson 
of Joshua and Charlotte Edmundson. 

At Ulster Province Meeting, 7 Mo. 27, 1695, the fol- 
lowing friends were appointed to visit families : 
Old Castle. — Nicholas Starky, Thomas Langbree. 
Charlemonf. — William Whitesitt, Robert Greer. 
Ballyhagen. — Francis Hobson, John Nicholson. 
Lur^^an. — Thomas Wainwright, Timothy Kirk, Richardson 

Mayson, Alexander Christy. 

Ballenderry. — John Holding. 

Lisburn. — Thomas Squire, John Combe. 

Antrim. — Thomas Wilkinson, John Boyd. 

Grange.- — James Greenwood, Edward Hudson. 

„ ,, ^ Andrew Melvin 

Ballymoney ^^^^^^^, ^^^^ 

Toberhead ^^^^^^^ g^^^^^ 

Coleratne J ^^^^^^ ^^^^^ 

' It has been said that William Edmundson's brother John was the same 
John Edmundson, a wealthy Quaker planter who resided in Talbot County, 
Maryland, as early as 1660; but this cannot be correct for as late as 1679 
John Edmundson suffered persecution in Queen's County, Ireland, to which 
he had removed with his brother William.— Stockdale, A Great Cry of 
Oppression, 245 ; Rutty, 345 ; Besse, II., 466, 468. 

394 Itnmigration of the Irish Quakers 

lo Mo. -50, 1699. Friends appointed to get subscribers for 
Barclay's Apology: Old Caslle, Balfyliaes, and Coothill, John 
Freeman, Merrick King, Thomas Hutton,and John Bell ; Car- 
rikferirus, Mathias Calvert; Ballymoney, James Mooreand Eli 

At Ulster Province Meeting, 8 Mo. 3, 1702, "Whereas 
there is one George Mento who professes truth lives now att 
Bryans ford, and being about to undertake Some work for y= Lady 
Dungannon and he having no certificate from friends concern- 
ing faithful behaviour in truths way, and friends nott being as- 
sured of his honesty & punctuallity this meeting therefore thinks 
it convenient to avoid any reproach y' may happen to come upon 
truth by him do appoint Richard Mercer & Thomas Courtney to 
acquaint y« Said woman y' if She deal with trust, or putt any 
confidence in him it may be upon his own account, and not upon 
account, of his being called a Quaker." 

At Ulster Province Meeting, 3 Mo. i, 1703, Barclay's 
Apology to be delivered to : James Starr for Old Castle, 
John Combs for Lisburn, Sam'. Wilkinson for Antrim, Eli 
Crocket for Ballymoney, Robert Miller for Dunlady, George 
Fox for Monallen, Eli Crocket for Coleraine, Edward 
Hudson for Grange, William Whitsitt for Charlemont, 
William Gray for Ballyhagen, Richard Boys for Ballinderry, 
John Walker for Lurgan, Mathias Calvert for Carrickfergus. 

At Ulster Providence Meeting, 3 Mo. 30, 1702, "That 
friends be reminded to give account to y' next meeting 
how many of y* book called y' rise and progress they will 
take each friend to pay for what he takes, which being re- 
turned are as follows: Old Castle — 3, Thomas Hutton ; 
Charlemount — 10, Wm. Whitsitt; Ballyhagen — 19, Wil- 
liam Gray ; Lurgan — 26, John Robson ; Lisburn — 33, 
Rich'' Boyes ; Antrim — 7, Thomas Wilkcsson; Grange — 4, 
Walter Clark ; Ballymoney — 7, Eli Crockett ; Coleraine — 
5, William Wyly ; Dunlady and Toberhead — 6, Patrick 
Henderson and Rob' Miller. Total, 115" 


John Wright ' and wife Elizabeth, from Castleshane. County 

'Sources of information: Meeting Records; MS. Chart of Wriglit 
t'amily, made aljout 1840, l)y General William Wieinian Wright, etc. At 
Warrington Mo. Mtg., lo Mo. 14, 1775, one Elizabeth Wright produced a 
certificate of removal from Grange, near Charlemont, Ireland. 

The Wright Family 395 

Monaghan, Ireland, had settled in Menallen Tup., York, now 
Adams County, Pa., as early 1748, and were members of War- 
rinston Monthly Meeting. A certificate for John Wright and 
children, directed to Sadsbury, was granted at New Garden 
Monthly Meeting, Chester County, 4 Mo. 28, 1746. Their daugh- 
ter daughter Rachel, as stated in her memorial' "was born at 
Castleshane,^ in Ireland, in the year 1737, and removed to 
Pennsylvania with her parents, John and Elizabeth Wright, who, 
after some years, settled in York County, within the compass of 
Warrington monthly-meeting." They had nine children: I. 
Mary; II. Samuel; III. Rachel; IV. Joseph; V. Alice; VI. 
Benjamin ; VII. John ; VIII. Joel ; IX. Jonathan. 

I. Mary, m. 5 Mo, 9, 1753, at Menallen Friends' Mtg., to Sam- 
uel Hutton, of Menallen, son of Joseph Hutton, deceased. 

II. Samuel Wright, m. 9 Mo. 4, 1754, at Huntington Friends' 
Meeting, now Adams County, Gertrude Wierman, daughter of 
William and Gertrude (Sietman) Wierman. He died probably 
about or prior to 1 78 1, and she married secondly, William Fer- 
guson, widower, of Menallen. She died in 1802, having had 
eight children by her first husband, Samuel Wright, as follows : 

I. John Wright, m. 12 Mo. 12, 1 781, at Menallen Friends' 
Meeting, to Ann Griffith, daughter of Thomas and Eve Griffith, 
of Menallen, and had seven children : Samuel, Thomas, Mary, 
William, Ann, John, and Rachel. 

(l.) Samuel Wright, b. 9 Mo. 27, 1783, m. 3 Mo. 28, 1804, at 
Menallen Mtg., Rebecca Harris, daughter of Benjamin and Re- 
becca Harris. Children : Jacob, Thomas, Rebecca, Barbara, 
Mary Ann, Nathan, Melinda, Ann, and Ruth Anna. 

(2.) Thomas Wright, b. 8 Mo. 6, 1784, m. Anna Harris. Chil- 
dren : Israel, Leah, Lydia, Lucy, Harris, Hanson, Anna, Julia, 
and Isaac. 

(3.) Mary Wright, b. 6 Mo. 5, 1786, m. 5 Mo. 27, 1807, at Men- 
allen Mo. Mtg., Jacob Harris, son of Benjamin and Mary Harris. 
Children : John, b. 10 Mo, 9, 1808 ; Samuel, b. 1 1 Mo. 25, 1810 ; 
Mary Ann, b. 12 Mo. 31, 1812 ; Silas, b. 2 Mo. 19, 1815 ; 
Rachel, b. Mo. 12, 1817 ; Rebecca, b. 9 Mo. 5, 1819 ; Ellen, b. 
10 Mo. 28, 1821 ; William; Benjamin. 

(4.) William Wright, b. 12 Mo. 21, 1788, d. 10 Mo. 25, 1865, 
m. Phebe Wierman, daughter of William and Hannah (Griest) 
Wierman, at Huntington Mtg., 11 Mo. 7, 1817. She was born 

■ A Testimony from Pipe Creek Mo. Mtg., Md., concerning Rachel, 
wife of William Farquhar, Jr. — A Collection of QuaJker Memorials, printed 
at Phila., in 1787, page 388. 

'A Friends' meeting was established at Castleshane, 1723. — Rutty, 343. 

396 Immigration of tlie Irish Quakers 

2 Mo. 8, 1790, and d. i Mo. 30, 1873. They were both buried 
near their ancestors, in the graveyard at Huntington Friends' 
Meeting House, near York Springs, Adams Co., Pa. William 
Wright and his wife were probably the most active and prom- 
inent agents of the Underground Railroad in Adams County, and 
hundreds of slaves fleeing from southern masters found rest and 
shelter in their hospitable home until forwarded over the Under- 
ground Railroad to the promised land of Canada. Two interest- 
ing oil paintings of William and Phebe, his wife, are (1902) in 
possession of the only surviving child, Mrs. Annie Phillips, of 
Lancaster, Pa. Children : General William Wierman Wright, 
b. 7 Mo. 27, 1824, d. 3 Mo. 9, 1882, unmarried, buried beside 
his parents ; Mrs. Rachel W. Day, d. 1901 ; Mrs. Hannah Mif- 
flin, d. 1901 ; Mrs. Annie Phillips. 

(5.) Ann, b. 3 Mo. 4, 1791. 

(6.) John, b. 4 Mo. 8, 1793. 

(7.) Rachel, m. John Farquhar. Children : Augustus, Sarah, 
Ann, Angeline, and Caroline. 

2. J-fantiah, d. unmarried. 

3. Rachel, m. 6 Mo. 13, 1 781, at Menallen Meeting, James 
Hodgson, son of John and Martha Hodgson, of Berkley Co., 
Va. Child : James. 

4. William Wright, m. Agnes Tanger. Children : Agnes and 

5. Jesse, m. first, Alice Hammond, and had one child, Samuel ; 
m., secondly, Catharine Davis, and had one child, Jesse (m. 
Elizabeth Mantz. Children : Eliza and Jane). 

6. Benjamin Wright, m. first, Hannah Hendricks. Went to 
Kentucky and married a second time. 

7. Samuel Wright, m. Eve Latchew. Children : Hannah, m. 
Nathan Harris, and removed to Salem, Ohio ; Jane, m. Daniel 
Minnich ; William ; Jesse, m, Susanna Pittendorff. 

8. Phebe, m. William Ferguson. 

III. Rachel, born in 1737, at Castleshane, Ireland; died 4 Mo. 
19, 1777 ; m. 10 Mo. 31, 1759, at Menallen Mtg., William Far- 
quhar, Jr. (b. 10 Mo. II, 1735), °^ l''P6 Creek, Frederick, now 
Carroll Co., Md., son of William and Ann (Miller) Farquhar. 
She became a minister of the Society of Friends. Children : 
Joel and James. 

IV. Joseph Wright, m. in 1761, Mary Farquhar, daughter of 
William and Ann. Children : William, Samuel, Moses, Eliza- 
beth, Mary, Rachel, and Susanna. 

V. Alice, m. i Mo. 29, 1766, at Menallen Meeting, Samuel 
Hendricks, of Menallen. Children : Stephen, Elizabeth, and 

The Wright Family 397 

VI. Benjamin Wright, m. 5 Mo. 20, 1766, at York Mtg., 
York Co., Pa., Jane Falkner, daughter of Jesse Falkner, of Hellam 
Township, York Co. Children : 

1. Martha, b. 8 Mo. lo, 1767, m. Levi Hutton. Children : 
Benjamin, m. Beulah Harris ; Jane, m. Benjamin Harris. 
(Children : Samuel, Martha, etc.); Samuel ; Jesse. 

2. John ll'/ij^A/, h. g Mo. 16, 1769, m. Susanna Griest. Chil- 
dren : Daniel, Benjamin, Jesse, Ann. 

3. A/ice, b. II Mo. 7, 1771, d. 7 Mo. 1777. 

4. Jesse, b. 3 Mo. 30, 1774, m. in Virginia. 

5 Elizabeth, b. 7 Mo. 12, 1776, d. unmarried. 

6. Alice, h. 2 Mo. 16, 1779, m. David McCreary. Children: 
Benjamin, Thomas, David, Jesse. 

7. Samuel B. Wright, m. Elizabeth Harvey. Children : Wil- 
liam H., m. Jane Cook, dau. of Henry and Mary (Way) ; 
Martha ; Ann, m. Moses Price ; Rebecca. 

8. Benjatiiii! JVright, m. Harvey. 

9. Thomas Wright, m. a sister of Jesse's wife. 

Vn. John Wright, b. 1739 o"" i74o, probably at Castleshane, 
Ireland ; d. 6 Mo. 29, 1820 ; m. 9 Mo. 30, 1767, at Menallen Mtg., 
Elizabeth Hammond, daughter of John and Deborah Hammond. 
She was born in 1749 or 1750; d. 7 Mo. 23, 1824. Children: 

1. Deborah, b. 6 Mo. 23,1768 ; m. Jonathan Potts. Children: 
John, etc. 

2. Elizabeth, b. 4 Mo. 15, 1770; d. 12 Mo. 24, 1S46 ; m. 
Jacob Koch. Children: John, Jacob, Ruth (m. John Blake). 

3. Ruth, b. 2 Mo. 2, 1772 ; m. Thomas Hammond. Child, 
Elizabeth m. Eli Thomas, and lived in Salem, Ohio. 

4. Sarah, b. 5 Mo. 4, 1774 ; m. George Wilson. Children : 
William; Mary Wierman ; Benjamin m. Susan Wierman ; Ruth 
m. James Wills and had two children (the late Judge David Wills, 
of Gettysburg, and Ruth, m. Walhay) ; John. 

5. Rachel, b. 8 Mo. 6, 1777. 

6. William Wright, b. 9 Mo. 29, 1778, d. 3 Mo. 8, 1853, m. 
Rachel Thomas. Children : Abel ; Ellen, m. George Hewitt ; 
Thomas, m. Charlotte Stewart ; Isaac, m. Sarah Garretson ; Eliza- 
beth ; Susanna. 

7. Samuel, b. 4 Mo. 7, 1781. 

8. John Wright, b. 4 Mo. 28, 1782; d. 12 Mo. 20, i860; 
m. 10 Mo. 24, 1804, Alice Wilson. Children : Sarah, m. Enos 
McMillan, son of Jacob and Ruth (Griffith) ; George, m. Lucy 
Wright ; Joel ; Eliza, m. Jacob B. Hewitt ; Ruth ; Jane ; Charles 
S., m. 9 Mo. 30, 1846, Hannah G. Penrose. 

9. Nathan Wright, h. g Mo. 28, 1784, d. 10 Mo. 4, 1853, m. 
Elizabeth Harris, 10 Mo. 24, 1810. Children : Elijah, m. Mary 

398 hnmigratio^i of the Irisli Quakers 

; Maria; Hiram S., m. Alice Garretson ; Ruthanna ; 

Lydia ; John, m. Mary Nebinger. 

10. Mary, b. 8 Mo. 2, 1790, d. 10 Mo. i, 1844, m. Daniel 
Davis. Children : Uriah and Franklin. 

VIII. Joel Wright m. Elizabeth Farquhar, daughter of Wil- 
liam and Ann. Children : 

1. Allai Wright, m. Ellicott. 

2. Ann, m. Joseph Elgar. Two daughters : Elizabeth and 

3. Jonathan Wright, m. Mary Hatenian. Children : Mahlon, 
Aaron, Josiah, Hannah (m. Dr. Plummer). 

4. Rachel, m. Joseph Hibberd. 

5. Israel Wright, m. Leah Ferree, of Lancaster County. Chil- 
dren : Oscar and Isaac. 

6. Elizabeth, m. Jarrett Cowman. 

IX. Jonathan Wright, m. 5 Mo. 16, 1770, Susanna (Griffith, 
daughter of Thomas Griffith, deceased, and Eve, his wife. Re- 
moved to Ohio in 1801, and finally settled at I'oplar Ridge, Fay- 
ette Co., Ind. Children : Thomas, agent to the Cherokee Indians 
in Mississippi ; Rachel, m. Benjamin Farquhar ; Elizabeth, m. 
John Shaw ; Mary ; Jonathan, m. Susan Jones ; Joel ; Phebe, m. 
Oliver Mathews ; Susanna ; Rebecca. — See Friends Intelligencer 
for2Mo. 29, 1896, Vol. LIIL, pp.; Literary Era, Vol. VII., 125. 


Allen Farquhar, who was not a Friend, came from Ireland, 
and in 1725 and 1726 was a resident taxable in Chester County, 
Pa., as of New Garden Township. After this he removed to Pipe 
Creek, now Carrol County, Md. His son William, b. in Ireland 
7 Mo. 29, 1705. d. at Pipe Creek 9 Mo. 21, 1778, remained in 
Chester County for some time, and became a member of New 
Garden Mo. Mtg. , where he married, 2 Mo. 19, 1733, Ann Miller, 
daughter of James and Katharine (Lightfoot) Miller, also from Ire- 
land (see pages 356-7). In 1735 they removed to Pipe Creek, tak- 
ing a certificate of removal to Hopewell Mo. Mtg., in Virginia, 
and settled near where the town of Union Bridge, Carrol County, 
Md., now stands, on land conveyed to him by his father, with 
the provision that he was to move from ' ' ye province of Pennsyl- 
vania to ye province of Maryland," and occupy the same. 

William Farquhar was influential in establishing the Friends' 
Meeting at Pipe Creek, the meetings for the first few years being 
held at his house. Children of William and Ann Farquhar : 
James, b. 1733; William, b. 10 Mo. 11, 1735, f". (1) Rachel 
Wright and (2) Mary liaily ; Allen, b 10 Mo. 16, 1737, m. Phebe 
Hibberd ; Mary. b. 11 Mo. 22, 1739, m. Joseph Wright ; George, 

The McMillan Family 399 

b. 6 Mo. 9, 1742 ; Samuel, b. 5 l\Io. 8. 1745, m. Phebe Yarnall ; 
Elizabeth, b. 6 Mo. 13, 1748, m. Joel Wright ; Moses, b. 11 Mo. 
3, 1750; Susanna, b. 9 Mo. 1753, m. Solomon Shepherd. 

.Allen Farquhar, another son of Allen the emigrant, died 1 2 
Mo. 12, 1800 in his 8ist year, and Sarah his wife 7 Mo. 4, 1829, 
in her 97th year. They had seven children : Thomas, b. 1 1 
Mo. 16, 1751, m. Hannah Edundson ; Sarah b. 11 Mo. 13, 
1753 ; William, b. 12 Mo. 24, 1755 ; Rachel, b. 2 Mo. 7, 1764 ; 
Robert, b. 7, Mo. 13, 1766; Mary, b. 11 Mo. "6, 1769; Samuel, 
b. 9 Mo. 31, 1772. — Cope, Genealogy of tlie Sharpless Family, 


"Thomas McMullen of Grange meeting in County of Antrim 
& Deborah Marsh" [daughter of Joshua and Elizabeth (Rogers) 
Marsh] of [Grange] meeting [near Charlemont, County Ar- 
magh, Ireland] "were married near Charlemount on y": loth day 
of y= — 1727 as by certificate may appear." — Minutes of Ulster 
Province Meeting, Ireland. 

Thomas Mc^Iillan seems to have lived for some years within 
the limits of Ballinacree Meeting, near Ballymoney, County 
Antrim ; then in 1738 or 1739 he removed with his wife Deborah 
and children to Pennsylvania, and settled near his father-in-law, 
Joshua Marsh, in East Nantmeal Township, Chester County. On 
his arrival he produced the foll6wing certificate of removal to 
Goshen IVIonthly Meeting (8 Mo. 15, 1739): 

" From our men's meeting held in Ballanacree the 6th of ye 3 
mo. 1738 To friends in Pro: Pennsylvania or elsewhere in them 
parts Lo friends we hereby acquaint & Certify you that Thomas 
McMollin his Wife and Family lived within the Compass of our 
Meeting for several Years and always Behaved themselves pretty 
orderly for anything known to us & leaveth this in unity with us 
& free of Debts a man Sc woman of a Good Report and Pretty 
well beloved both by friends and others and so Concludes with 
desires that you will be pleased to afford them Such Councel & 
advice in the further Conduct of their Life as the Lord may 
Enable you with all ; Signed in and on behalf of said Meeting by 
James Moore John Sterling 

Thomas Ervin Willm Moore 

Benj. Boyd George Gregg 

William Gregg Sams° Courthey 

John Hunter Willm Moore " ' 

Willm McMollin 

' Recorded in Goshen Mo. Mtg. Book of Removals, p. 56, Goshen Mo. 
Mtg. Records, at Friends' Library, 142 North Sixteenth Street, Philadel- 

400 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

About 1749 or 1750 he went with his family to York County, 
and settled on a tract of 193^-^ acres of land called Adington, 
in Warrington, now Washington, Township, granted by the 
Penn Proprietors by warrant dated May 29, 1749.' He died in 
9 Mo., 1753, and was buried in the burial ground at Warrington 
Friends' Meeting House, near the present village of Wellsville. 
Letters of administration on his estate were granted Aug. 8, 1754, 
to his widow, Deborah McMillan. She died 9 ;\lo. 22, 1764, and 
was buried beside her husband Their graves lie in the McMillan 
row at Warrington, and although it was contrary to the rules of 
discipline obtaining in the Society of Friends at that time, the 
graves were carefully marked by thin, neatly-cut sandstones, 
scarcely a foot in height, which still remain in a good state of 
preservation, and if one kneels and scrapes away the moss and 
lichens which have grown over the stones he may read the in- 
scriptions : 

9 M 9 M 

1753 1764 


Thomas and Deborah (Marsh) McMillan had five children : 
I. John, II. George, III. William, IV. Mary, V. Elizabeth. 

I. John McMillan, as his son James states in his Bible, was 
born in 1728, in Co. Antrim, Ireland ; died 9 Mo. 17, 1791, and 
was buried in Friends' burial ground at Warrington Meeting 
House ; was married 5 Mo. 4, 1756, at Sadsbury Meeting, Lan- 
caster County, Pa., to Jane, widow of Josejih Green, of Sadsbury, 
and daughter of John and Jane (Bell) Boyd. She was born in 
1728 in Co. Antrim, Ireland, died 5 Mo. 12, 1782, and lies buried 
beside her second husband at Warrington. After the death of his 
first wife John McMillan was married, 7 Mo. 15, 17S4, at War- 
rington Friends' Meeting, to Joanna, widow of William Griffith, 
of Warrington, and daughter of William and Mary Craig. Joanna 
died 4 Mo. 21, 1794, and was buried at Warrington. Children 
of John McMillan, all by his first wife Jane : 

1. Abigail McMillan, b. 4 Mo. 18, 1757, in Warrington, York 
County Pa., m. in 1776, William Whinery, son of Robert and 
Isabel. Removed to near Salem, Columbiana County, Ohio. 
Children : Robert, John, Thomas, William, James, George, Jane, 
Zimri, Sarah, and Abigail. 

2. Sarah, b. 3 mo. 3, 1760, d. i Mo. 25, 1790. 

' See Patent Deed, granted to his son George McMillan, Dec. 5 . 
1771, by Thomas and John Penn. Patent Book AA, Vol. 13, Dept. of In- 
ternal Affairs, Harrisburg, Pa. 

The McMillan Family 401 

3. Thomas McMillan, b. 5 Mo. 14, 1762, d. 4 Mo. 12, 1831; 
buried at Warrington; m. 10 Mo. 11, 1 791, at West Grove Friends' 
Meeting, Chester County, Pa., Ruth Moore, daughter of Joseph 
and Jane (Marsh) Moore (see Andrew Moore and his Decendants). 
She was born i Mo. 33, 1763; d. 4 Mo. 11, 1846, and was buried 
in Friends' burial ground. Short Creek, Jefferson County, Ohio. 
Children : Joseph, Jacob, Maria, and Mahlon. 

4. John McMillan, b. 1766; d. 3 Mo. 16, 1838; buried at 
West Grove, Harrison County, Ohio ; m. first, 1787, to Esther 
Griffith, daughter of William and Joanna (Craig) Griffith. She 
was born i Mo. 13, 1766, in Warrington Twp., York County, 
Pa.; d. 6 Mo. 7, 1818 ; buried at West Grove, Harrison County, 
Ohio. They removed from Warrington, York County, Pa., to 
Short Creek Meeting, Ohio, in 1804. John, m. secondly to Alice 
Barnard. Children, all by first wife ; Jane, Ruth, Joanna, Sarah, 
Amos, John, James, Griffith, Elisha, Jesse, and Maria. ^ 

5. James McMillan, b. 9 Mo. 4, 1768, in Warrington Twp., 
York County, Pa. ;d. I. Mo. 7. 1856, buried in Friends' graveyard, 
Harrisville, Harrison County, Ohio.; m. 3 Mo. 21, 1798, in York 
County, Pa, to Mary Griffith, daughter of William and Joanna 
(Craig) Griffith. She was born 3 Mo. 16, 1771, in Warrington 
Twp. ; d. I Mo. 8, 1856 ; buried in same ground as her 

James McMillan, as he records in his diary, learned the hatting 
trade in youth and followed that occupation for thirty years. For 
three years he kept a tavern and store in York County; then, 
about 1803, he removed with his wife and settled in Harrison 
Co., Ohio, where he followed various callings : milling, farming, 
surveying, and conveyancing. For two years he served as Sena- 
tor in the State Legislature of Ohio. Children : Uriah ; Edith, 
m. JohnGwynn, in 1819 ; Asa, m. Mary Kelly, in 1827 ; Gulielma 
Maria, m. her brother-in-law, John Gwynn, in 1830 ; Ira James, 
m. Ann Christy, in 1847 ; Myra, m. Joseph Crawford, in 1831 ; 
Joanna ; Sarah, m. Joshua P. Watson. 

II. "George McMillan Son of Thomas and Deborah McMil- 
lan born in the year of our Lord 1732 The 2d day of the 4th 
Month About [record torn] Noone and i8th of the Moons age," ' 
probably in County Antrim, Ireland. Hedied7 Mo. 11, 1795, in 
Warrington, now Washington Township, York County, and is 
buried in Friends' burial ground at Warrington, York County, where 
his and his wife's inscribed gravestones are still to be seen. Ac- 

' According to the record in his family Bible, " Printed by Alexander 
Kincaid His Majesty's Printer MDCCLXII," now (1902) in possession of 
a descendant, Elmira J. Cook, Flora Dale, Adams Co., Pa. 



Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

cording to his marriage certificate* " George McMillan of War- 
rington in the County of York and Province of Pencilvania Son of 
Thomas McMillan Deceased and Ann Hinshaw of Manahon in 
the County and Province aforesd Daughter of Jacob Hinshaw" 
[and wife Rebecca Mackey] were married lo Mo. 5, 1758, in a 
Friends' Meeting at Warrington Meeting House, York Co., Pa. 
The following are the names of the signers to the certificate : 

Anne Hussey 
Sarah Underwood 
Ruth Underwood 
Hannah neviiit 
Susannah Ward 
cHseth SIoss 
Ann t'ollins 
mary Collins 
ann Cook _ 

William Ward 
Abruham GrilTith 
Eneas Foulk 
Jesse Cook 
John mcadams 
John Collins 

Alexander Underwood 
William Garretson 
Peltt-r Cook 
William Underwood 
William GrilTith 
William Ncvitt 
Robert Vale 
John Sharp 
peter cook 
John hill 
Chas Horseman 
Eli Horseman 
Richard Ross 


Ann MoMullan 

Jacob Hinshaw 
Deborah m'-'millan 
John m'^millan 
William mcmillan 
Peter Marsh 
Jonathan Marsh 
Margaret Marsh 
"ohn Marsh 
_ ean mcmillan 
Thomas Hinshaw 


Ann, wife of George McMillan, was born 3 Mo. 18, 1739, '" 
Co. Armagh, Ireland; died i Mo. 2g, 181 5. 

After the death of his mother, George McMillan took the farm, 
" His Brothers & Sisters" releasing their shares by deed of Oct. 
28, 1765. Although the land was granted by warrant to his father 
in 1749, George McMillan did not receive a patent until Dec. 5, 
1771, when the tract is described as 193 >^ acres, called Adington, 
in the Manor of Maske, Warrington Township, York County, the 
several courses being as follows : beginning at a black oak. cor- 
ner of Peter Cleaver's land, thence by the same and Baltzer 
Smith's land, S. 42°, W. 179 P. toa white oak ; then by William 
Garretson's and John Underwood's land S. 23°, E. 218 P. to a 
marked white oak ; then by Samuel Morthland's land, N. 27°, E. 
165 P. to a white oak ; thence by Jonathan Marsh's land N. 82°, 
W. 20 P. to a white oak ; N. 35°, E. 22 P. to a stone ; N. E. 
118 P. to a white oak ; thence by Mine Bank N. 46°, W. 28 P. 
to a stone ; thence by Jacob Brindley's land, S. 43°, W. 55 P. to 
stones for a corner ; N. 30°, W. 1 19 P. to place of beginning. 

Abstract Will of George McMillan, of Warrington Town- 
ship, York County, Pcnn'a, "being Sick and weak in body but 
of sound disposing Mind and Memory. " Dated 7 Mo. 6, 1795 ; 
probated Aug. 7, 1795. 

Impnnis. — Just debts and funeral expenses to be paid. 

' Recorded in Warrington Marriage Book, page 2g. The original MS. 
is in the possession of a descendant, Mrs. Emma Wickersham Pyle, 720 
N. Fair Oaks Ave., Pasadena, Cal. 

The McMillan Family 403 

Item. — To "my Son George McMillan my Plantation and 
Tract of Land on Beaver Creek in Warrington Township afore- 
said (Excepting a Grist Mill and Saw Mill and Mill Seat with a 
Lot of Ground including the Same)." 

Item. — To son Thomas McMillan said grist mill and saw mills 
on land adjoining William How and Abraham Griffith [at the foot 
of Round Top]. 

Item. — " I give and devise my present dwelling plantation to 
my two Sons Jacob McMillan and Joseph McMillan," etc. 

Item. — " My tract of Land in Monaghan Township to my four 
daughters, Rebekah, Ann, Deborah and Mary." 

Item. — " I give and Bequeath unto my beloved Wife Ann Mc- 
Millan two Beds, & bedding her choice and a case of drawers and 
as much of my household and Kitchen goods and furniture as She 
Shall Choose," ten bushels of wheat and £20 yearly, " the West- 
ern end of my Dwelling house including a room and Kitchen for 
her use during her Natural life, and also a pipe Stove for Said 
room and also a Sufficient quantity firewood drawed to her door 
& made ready for immediate use by my said Sons Jacob and 
Joseph ... it is my Will that the Stove in the mill at Beaver 
Creek be brought to my present Dwelling house and put in place 
of the one given to my Said Wife." 

Item. — Son Joseph to be sent to school and to " unite with my 
Son Jacob in labouring and farming my present dwelling planta- 
tion." Wife to receive the "profits of my Said plantation until 
my Son Jacob arives to the Age of twenty one Years and that 
then my Said Wife do receive one half of said profits, and my 
Said Son Jacob the other half until my Said Son Joseph arives to 
the Age of Twenty one Years." 

Item. — To sons Jacob and Joseph "my Bay and Gray horses, 
and my two Year old Yearling Colts to enable them to farm my Said 
plantation " ; also " my Waggon, plows, harrow and horse Geers." 

/to«.—Todaughter Ann "my young Gray mare. Saddle & bridle." 

Item. — To son Thomas "my Spring Colt and one Cow which 
is at Beaver Creek." 

Item. — After daughters have received in all £\ 50 remainder of 
estate to be divided equally " among my Eight children." 

Item. — To "my Said Wife my old gray mare. One Cow and 
her Saddle." 

^rtr !</o?-j.- Wife Ann, son-in-lawJosephGarretson, and sonGeorge. 

Witnesses: ElihuUnderwood.JesseUnderwood, William Hinshaw. 

Children of George and Ann (Hinshaw) McMillan, born in 
Warrington, now Washington, Township, York County : 

I. Rebecca McMillan, b. 7 Mo. 7, 1759, d. 12 Mo. 14, 1814, 
m. 10 Mo. 12, 1779, at Warrington Meeting, to Joseph Garret- 

404 hnmigration of the Irish Quakers 

son, of Newberry, York County, son of John and Jane (Carson). 
He was born 7 Mo. 28, 1759. Children : Ann, John I. (m. Ann 
Pierce), George (m. (i) Lydia Wickcrsham and (2) Ann Griffith), 
Joseph (m. Maria McMillan), Sarah (m. John Thomas), Rebecca 
(m. John Wickersham), Jane, and Elijah (m. (i) Ann Nichol and 
(2) Ann Prowell). 

2. George McMillan, b. 5 Mo. 26, 1763, d. 5 Mo. 24, 1846, 
buried in Friends' ground at Warrington, m. (i) 11 Mo. 6, 1792, 
at West Grove Friends' Meeting, Chester County, to Rebecca, 
daughter of Benjamin and Susanna (Dunn) Cutler. .She died 4 
Mo. 14, 1816, and he m. (2) 2 Mo., 1826, to Jane, daughter of 

Jacob and (McClellan) Laird. She was born 7 Mo. 22, 

1792. and died 9 Mo. i, 1862. Children by first wife were : 
George, Eli, Susanna (m. Edward J. Wickersham), Amos, Jesse, 
Elisha, and Anna. Children by second wife were : Joseph, John, 
William (living in Marshall, Mo., in 1902.) 

3. Ann McMillan, b. 8 Mo. 21, 1766, d. 2 Mo. 23, 1850, m. 
6 Mo. 25, 1795, at Warrington Meeting, to Willing Griest, son of 
Willing and Ann (Garretson) Griest. Resided at Warrington, 
York County. Children : Anne (m. Abner Wickersham), Amos 
(m. Margaret Garretson), Edith, Cyrus (m. Mary Ann Cook, 
daughter of Samuel. Children were: Hiram, George M., Jane 
C, Ann M., Cyrus S., Jesse W., Maria E., Elizabeth M., and 
Amos W.), Mary (m. Josiah Cook, son of Henry), Ruth (m. Wil- 
liam W. Cook, son of Isaac), Josiah (m. Mary Ann Squibb). 

4 Deborah McMillan, b. 12 Mo. 6, 1768, m. (i), 10 Mo. 
'9. 1763. William Griffith, son of William. He died 4 Mo. 21, 
1799, and she m. (2) 2 Mo. 13, 1806, John Vale, son of Robert 
and Sarah. Removed from Warrington, York County, to Co- 
lumbiana County, Ohio, 18 14. Children by William Griffith : 
George, Anne, William, Oliver, and Julia. Children by John 
Vale : Deborah, John, Jacob, and Caroline. 

5. Mary .McMillan, b. 2 Mo. 16, 1771 ; d. 8 Mo. 8, 1827 ; m. 
I Mo. 29, 18 1 8, William Vale, son of Robert and Sarah. No issue. 

6. Thomas McMillan, b. 10 Mo. 16, 1773, d. 3 Mo. 28, 1843, 
m. II Mo. 15, 1798, at Warrington Meeting, Jane Taylor, daugh- 
ter of Joseph and Jane. Removed from York County to Wash- 
ington County, Pa., in 1808, and two years later settled in Co- 
lumbiana County, Ohio, where he practiced the Thomsonian system 
of medicine. Children : Taylor, b. 10 Mo. 10, 1803, d. 11 Mo. 
8, 1893, m. 1834, Sarah Bell (who was b. 6 Mo. 15, 1806, d. 5 
Mo. 25, 1 90 1, and was buried besides her husband in Carmel 
Friends' ground) and had children of whom one is Smith liell 
McMillan, of Signal, Ohio ; Jane, m. ist Abel Lee Crawford and 
2nd John Clay ; Ann ; Maria, m. Joseph Bell (had a son Mark); 

The McMillan Family 405 

Ann.m. William Longshore ; Joseph, m. Hannah Burt ; Eliza, m. 
Adam Siddall. 

7. Jacob McMillan.' b. 6 Mo. 28, 1777, d. I Mo. 1S33, buried in 
Friends' ground at Warrington, where the gravestones of him and 
his wife may yet be seen ; m. 1 2 Mo. 13, 1 79S, at Warrington Meet- 
ing, Ruth, daughter of William and Joanna (Craig) Griffith. She 
was born i Mo. 22, 1770 and died 3 Mo. 2, 1829. He succeeded 
to his father's homestead and died there. Children : Enos (m. 
Sarah Wright and died at Marshalltown, Iowa, in 1890), Ann 
(m. Joseph Leech, and died in Clermont County, Ohio, in 1888), 
Cyrus (m. Sarah Raney), Edith (d. young), Ruth (b. 3 Mo. 3, 
1808, d. 3 Mo. 23, 1887, m. 9 Mo. 20, 1 83 1, at Warrington 
Meeting, Jesse Cook, son of Henry and Mary (Way) Cook ; a 
daughter, Sarah A., married John T. Myers), George (removed 
to Baltimore and m. Sarah Dickinson ; a daughter, Emma C, 
married Edward Duffy, sometime Judge of the Superior Court of 
Baltimore), and Rebecca (d. young). 

8. Jane McMillan, b. 9 Mo. 29, 1780, d. 11 Mo, 28, 1782. 

9. Joseph McMillan, b. 10 Mo. 10, 17S2, d. 3 Mo. 26, 1826, 
m. 5 Mo. 24, 1809, at Newberry Meeting, York County, to Re- 
becca Garretson, daughter of Samuel and Alice. No issue. 

HE William McMillan, son of Thomas and Deborah, m. 
2 Mo. 20, 1760, at Nantmeal Meeting, Chester County, Deborah, 
daughter of Henry and Lydia (Fell) Holland, of East Nantmeal 
Township. Resided in Warrington Township, York County. 
Children were : 

1. Mary McMillan, b. 4 Mo. 20, 1761, m. (i) 12 Mo. 17, 
1789, at Warrington Meeting, James Miller, of Newberry Town- 
ship, York County, son of Robert and Sarah (McClung) Miller ; 
m. (2) Joseph Baxter, in 1806. Removed to Miami, Ohio, in 

2. Thomas McMillan, b. 4 Mo. 22, 1763, m. 2 Mo. 12, 1794, 
at Newberry Meeting, Jane Jones, daughter of Edward and Con- 
tent (Garretson) Jones. Children : Edith and Deborah. 

3. Deborah McMillan, b. 9 Mo. 13, 1764, d. 11 Mo. 24, 1766. 

4. Lydia McMillan, b. 9 Mo. 21, 1766. Removed to Miami 
Mo. Mtg., Ohio, about 1806, and married William Jay. 

5. William McMillan, b. 10 Mo. 13, 1767. Removed to 
Miami, Ohio, about 1806. 

6. Samuel McMillan, b. 2 Mo. 26, 1770, d. 4 Mo. 10, 1777. 

7. Jonathan McMillan, b. 3 Mo. 2, 1772, m. 11 Mo. 16, 1797, 
at Warrington Meeting, Ann Hussey, daughter of Jediah and Jane. 
They removed to Miami Monthly Meeting, Ohio, about 1806. 

'Three of his letters, written in 1814, 1815, and 1826, are in possession 
of a great-grandson, the writer. 

4o6 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

8. David McMillan, b. 3 Mo. 2, 1772, m. 4 Mo. 13, 1797, at 
Warrington Meeting, Hannah Hussey, sister of the wife of his 
twin brother Jonathan. They removed to Miami, Ohio, about 
1805. Children : Josiah, Eli, Deborah, Mary, David. 

9. Henry McMillan, b. 11 Mo. 20, 1774. 

10. Deborah McMillan, b. 8 Mo. 10, 1778, d. probably 12 
12 Mo., 1782. 

11. John McMillan, b. 7 Mo. 18, 1785. 

IV. Mary McMillan, daughter of Thomas and Deborah, 
m. 6 Mo. 25, 1767, at Warrington Meeting, Nathan Phillips, son of 
Edmund, of Warrington 

Children were ; 

1. Thomas Phillips, m. Margaret Foster. Children : William, 
John, Thomas Monroe. 

2. Jesse Phillips, m. ist Elizabeth Borum and 2d Ann (Frazier) 
Morris. Children by ist wife : Elizabeth, Mary Ann (m. John 
McConnell), Jane, Deborah, Rebecca. 

3. Deborah Phillips, m. Alexander Underwood and resided in 
Middleton Township, Columbiana County, Ohio. Children : 
Jesse (m. Borum), Alexander. 

4. Jane Phillips, b. 8 Mo. 1776, d. 9 Mo. 17, 1856, ni. about 
1825, Jared Marlnee and resided in Middleton Township, Colum- 
biana County, Ohio. No issue. 

5. Elizabeth Phillips received a certificate from Warrington 
Mo. Mtg., 12 Mo. 19, 1827, to remove to Carmel, Columbiana 
County, Ohio. 

\'. Elizabeth McMillan, daughter of Thomas and De- 
borah, married Jacob Smith ; removed to Middleton Township, 
Columbiana County, Ohio, where she died in the spring of 1820. 
She was interred in Friends' ground at Carmel Meeting House. 
Children as far as ascertained : Jacob, Rebecca, Eve Catharine 
(m. Ellis Brown, in 1831), Casper (m. Sarah Burt), Elizabeth, 
(m. Samuel Smith), Thomas (m. Elizabeth Burt). 


John Marsh, a Friend, of Armagh, County Armagh, Ireland, 
was residing in that town as early as 1664, for in his will, dated 
1688, he mentions "the half tenement and Garden plott Situate 
lying and being in the Scotch Street in Ardmagh which I have by 
lease from the primate of Ireland bearing date the twentyeth day 
of October 1664." He was staunch and true to his Quaker prin- 
ciples and on account of them had to endure severe persecutions. 
From the record of these sufferings it was evident that he was a 
thrifty yeoman or farmer, having servants and cattle and sheep, 

77/1? Marsh Favtily 407 

and raising wheat, oats, barley, etc. In 1660, "John Marsh 
[County Armagh] being sued for Milch-money and Offerings, to 
the value of about 3I. at the Manner Court of Loiighall (by Hum- 
phrey Pettard Priest) had taken from him so many of his Cattel 
as were worth 18I." 

"The said John Marsh being sued again, in the said Court, for 
five years' Tythe of sixty-two Sheep (by the said Priest) had the 
very whole number of sixty two Sheep taken from him (being all 
he had) worth 12I." ' 

In 1666, for refusing to pay tithes he had taken from him 
"Cattle and Sheep worth 2^3o," ' and in 1669 "John Marsh 
being sued for Priests and darks Dues (so-called) and such like 
things, to the value of 8s. 3d. in a Temporal Court at Anhnagh, 
by Thomas BieTzn Clark, had taken from him by the Bailiffs, a 
Brass Pot, and four Pewter Dishes, worth £1. 17s. ' In 1673, he 
was one "Of those who suffered Distress for Tithes of Corn, Hay, 
&c." * "In this and some preceding Years, several had suffered 
Distress for refusing to contribute to the repairing of the Parish 
Worship-house at Kilmore, in the County of Armagh." Among 
these, from John Marsh were taken "two Heifers, three Sheep, 
and two Calves, worth ^3. 7s."' In 1673 " John Marsh had taken 
from him for Tithe, for the Dean of Ardmagh, forty three stooks of 
Barly and fifteen car-loads of Hey, all worth one pound sixteen 
shillings." * 

"Anno 1674. Isabel Lancaster, Servant to John Marsh, of 
the County of Armagh, was sued in the Primate's Temporal Court 
for carrying Home her Master's Corn, under Pretence of its being 
Tithe, though it was neither markc nor set forth as such. An 
Execution was obtained against her, on which she was imprisoned 
in the Bayliff 's House, and after two Weeks removed thence to 
another Bayliff' s, where she was detained six months." ' 

In 1674 "John Marsh had taken from him for Tithe, by the 
Servants of James Downham, Dean of Ardmagh, thirty stooks of 
Barly out of two hundred thirty eight, and nine stooks of Oats out 
of three score and ten, worth one pound four shillings six 
pence." s He also suffered similar persecutions in 1675 and in 

1 Holme and Fuller, A Brief F elation, 25. 
^Besse's Sufferings of the Qiiatiers, II., 475. 
'Holme and Fuller, A Brief delation, 27. 
'Besse's Stifferings of the Quakers, II., 278. 
^Ibici., II. ,479. 

s William Stockdale, A Great Cry of Oppression, 29. 
"> Besse, II., 4S0. 
f Stockdale, 40. 

4o8 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

At the time of the making of his wjl] John Marsh was " biclc in 
body" and pTohiA\y died ah>out that time, in 168!!, leaving Dor- 
othy, his w-ife, to survive him. Children, probably by Dorothy, his 
wife, were : Jos«ph, Kebecca, Sarah, Hester, andf»erhap» others. 
The following is a copy of the will ; 

"The last Will > and Testyment of John Marsh of Ardmagh in 
the Prsh and County of the Said Ardmagh being Sick in body but 
I>eTfect in Memory in Which Will And testyment and for the due 
pf'.'.'.'tance thereof I doe Conbt)'tute apoynt and ordeaine My be- 
.'y.-.-: Wife Dorothy My onely and Soale Executorcx 

imps — I doe desire that my body may hurytd in the burying 
place in the Towne land of the Munney near Killmore where 
many of my deare friends have Vjeen formerly buryed and as to 
my Worldly goods I disjx/sose of them as followeth 

first — I give to my eldest daughter Namely Hester five Shillings 
to be paid to her att the end or within one yeare from the date 

2dly — I give to my daughter Sara five Shilling to be paid her 
att the end or within one ycare as aforesaid 

3dly — I give unto my daughter KeWcca one Pound to be given 
her alt the end or within one ycare from the date hereof 

4th — I give unto Jonathan flet'.her my grandson two pounds ten 
Shillings to be payd unto whom 1 Shall nomynate in trust for hi* 
use att the end or within two yeares from the dale hereof 

jthly — I give unto Joshua Marsh and Margery .Marsh Son and 
daughter of my Son Joseph Marsh deceased the half tenement 
and ("harden plolt Situate lying and being in the Scjlth Street in 
Ardmagh which I have by lease from the prirnale of Ireland 
bearing dale the twentyeth day of October 1W4 with alsoe the 
Said lease of the Same with all the apurtenants thereunto belong- 
ing paying and performing for the Same all rents and other 
dutyes due to the bond Conieined in the .Said lease from the time 
they Shall rencwe the Said halfe tenement 

6th — 1 give unto my grandaughter Hanna Shaw four pounds to 
be p<ayd unto those whom I shall hereafter in trust [appoint] to 
receive ill for her use within or att the end of two years from the 
date hereof 

7tb — I doe by these present Nominate ordeane and apoynt Wil- 
liam J^wder of the Said Armagh H'Ajtrt Robinv^n of f/ellyhagan 
and ffergus Saftlaw of iJellylamy both in the psh of Killmore and 
County of Ardmagh aforesaid fto demand and receive from my 
Said executorex the aforesaid two pounds ten Shill given Uj Jona- 
than a>/ove Said and the Said four pounds given tomy granda^h- 
ter Hanna aforesaid) to dispose of the fund for the use of the 

' PdUic Ketwl Office, Dohlio. 

TJie Marsh Family 409 

said Jonathan and Hanna for their best advantage and to be 
accountable [for ?] the same when the said Jonathan and Hanna 
Shall Come to age Con [torn i inch] to desire futh account 

Sthly — And lastly I draw and bequeath all the rest of my 
worldly goods and Chattells of all kindes and sorts what soeve' 
for the payment of my debts and for the use and maintenance or 
my Said beloved wife my onely and Soale executorex as witness my 
hand and Seale this 7th day of the nth month Called January 

Signed Sealed and John Marsh [Seal] 

delivered to my his M Marke 

Said exeratorex in 
the presents of 
Alexander heron 

Tho : King Robert Robinson 

William Williamson ffergus Saftlow 

William Landar Sam' : Unthanke." 

Joseph Marsh, son of John Marsh, for some breach of discip- 
line, was disowned from membership in the Society of Friends, 

10 Mo. 5, 1674, at Lurgan Meeting, held at Roger Webb's 
house near Lurgan, County Armagh. In the testimony issued 
against him he is mentioned as late of Lisneny near Loughgall, 
County Armagh, widower, " who for several years past frequented 
our meetings." According to his father's will Joseph died prior to 

11 Mo. (Jan.) 7, 16S8, leaving at least two children, Joshua and 

Joshua Marsh, of Drumanicannon, Parish of Sego, County 
Armagh, son of Joseph Marsh, was married, 6 Mo. (Aug.), 28, 
1695, at Friends' Meeting place at Alexander Christy's, County 
Armagh, to Elizabeth Rogers, of Drumanicannon, possibly a 
daughter of John Rogers, whose name appears at the head of the 
list of men signers to the marriage certificate. Christy Rogers, 
who heads the list of the women signers, may have been the 
mother. The following interesting records of the marriage have 
been found : 

"At our [Ulster] Province Meeting held at Richard Boyes" 
house [near Ballinderry, County, Antrim] y^ 6th of y= 5th Mo. 
1695 . . . Joshua Marsh and Elizabeth Rogers haveing apeared 
and Declared their Intentions of Marrage with each other before 
This Meeting and at present nothing appearing to Obstruct them, 
y<: Meeting have taken Their Intentions into Consideration and 
have apointed Alex^ Mathews Lawrence Allyson Margrit Christy & 
Aylce WiUiams To make Enquiry Concerning Their Clearness 
and Consent of Parents and return their answer to The next Pro- 

4 1 o Ivimigration of the Irish Quakers 

vince Meeting, a Certificate from ye Sd Eliz : father of his Con- 
sent To ye Sd Intended Marage." 

"At our Province Meeting held at Ballyhagen [County Ar- 
magh] ye 17''' day of y"= 6''' month 1695 ffriends of Ballyhagen 
Meeting and friends of The Meeting beyond Charlemont [Upper 
Grange Meeting], have agreed that once in two mens Meetings 
Some friends from Ballyhagen Meeting goe to ye mens Meeting 
beyond Charlemont And also That Some friends from beyond 
Charlemont goe to The mens Meeting at Ballyhagen once in two 
mens Meetings. . . . 

Joshuah Marsh and Elizabeth Rogers haveing appeared ye 
Second time and Declared their Intentions of Marrage before this 
Meeting as formerly and the partyes appointed to make enquiry 
Concerning their Clearness and Consent of Parents have returned 
Their answers That they find nothing To Obstruct Them but That 
they may lawfully marry, So its The apoint™' of this Meeting That 
y Said Joshua Marsh do publish (or Cause to be Published) Their 
Said Intentions in two Severall Meetings at (or neer) Lurgan, and 
in two Severall Meetings at Monnallon, and if no Thing Then 
apear against Them They may at a Convenient Season Take each 
other in Marrage, Alex^ Mathes, John Hoope, and William Porter 
are desired To See y= Said Marrage be perfected in good Order." 

The marriage was accordingly accomplished on the 28th of 6 
Mo. (Aug.), 1695. The names of the signers to the marriage cer- 
tificate appear in the following order in the old Marriage Record 
Book of Lurgan Meeting (page 12.) : ^^^^^^^ ^^^^^^ 

I Elizabeth Marsh 

John Rogers 
Roger Kirk 
Peter Rogers 
George Whaly 
Richard Hollin 
James Hallyday 
Alexander Mathew 
Lancelot Pearson 
John Williams 
Samuel! Kirk 
Jacob Kirk 
John Thirkeld 

George Blacker 
John Willson 
Alex"- Christy 
John Moorton 
ffrancis Hillary 
Kobart Kirk 
John Christy 
Timothy Kirk 
James Moorton 
Tho : Wainvvright 
Tho : Bullough 
George Black 
Tho : Bradshaw 

Christy Rogers 

Ellin Wollsy 
Margrit Blacker 
Mary Horner 
Deborah Kirk 
Ann Whaly 
Eliz : Atkinson 
Joan Mathew 
Joan Adams 

In addition to his share in the leased property in the town of 
Armagh, becjueathed to him by his grandfather John Marsh, 
Joshua Marsh owned a small farm in Ireland ; for in his will, 
made in Pennsylvania in 1747, he mentions "my farm in Bele- 

77/1? Marsh Family 411 

nacar in Clambrasel in the County of Armagh in the Kingdom of 
Ireland Containing Thirty three Acres of Land with the Rights 
members and Appurtnances thereof." 

Early in the spring of 1736. Joshua and his son John began to 
make ready to remove with their famihes to Pennsylvania. " Att 
a mens [Preparative] meeting [at Grange, near Charleniont, 
County Armagh] held ye 2d of ye 4th month [1736] Joshua March 
having an Intention to transport himself & family to America & 
desires from us a certificate therefore Jacob Marshill & James 
Pillar is desired to draw Suitable ones for him & his Son John 
. . . yt they may be Signed next meeting." 

In accordance with the request of the meeting certificates 1 were 
drawn up as follows : 

" From our Monthly Meeting of men & women friends, held at 
Grange Near Charlimount in the North of Ireland ye 2 of 4 Mo. 
1736. To friends and Brethren of pensylvania or elsewhere in 
America Greeting. 

•' Dear Friends whereas our friend Joshua March [Marsh] & 
his Wife Did Acquaint us Some Time Ago that they had a mind 
to transport themselves & family to pensylvania or Some place in 
America and Desires of us a Certificate we therefore Do Certify 
that He the Sd Joshua & his wife was of an orderly Life & good 
Conversation Both amongst us their Brethren as amongst their 
Neighbours where they Dwelt & now Leaveth us in Unity they 
had also the privilege of Sitting in our Meeting of Disapline like- 
wise their three children Viz Jonathan peter and Abigail were of 
Orderly Lives & Conversation whilst here cS: is free from marriage 
or any Entanglement that way & all the Above friends have left 
this place free from Debts or Defraud to any man & we have Cause 
to hope & believe that they will So behave themselves for ye future 
yt they may Deserve ye Religious notice & Care of friends for 
their good. 

" Signed by order & on behalf of our Sd Meeting by 

Mary Greer Thos. Nichalson William Gray 

Eliz. Greer Joseph Kerr Jacob Marshall 

Abigail King Benj* Marshill Jno. Whitsitt 

Mary Pow James pillar Thomas Greer 

Ann Sloan James Dawson Tho. Griffith 

Mary Pillar francis Robson Israel Thompson 

Eliz. Dawson Saml Gray Wm. Vance" 

Abigail Gray Jona' Richardson 
Ruth Delapp. 

' Pages 39, 52, Book of Certificates of Removal Received of Goshen 
Monthly Meeting, Penn'a, in the vault, Friends' Library, 142 N. l6th 
Street, Phila. 

412 Immigratiiyn of the Irish Quakers 

"From our Men & Womens Meeting held at Grange Near 
Charles Mount in Ireland ye z of ye 4th mo 1736 to friends of 
pensylvania or Elsewhere In America Greeting Whereas our 
friends John March [Marsh] & his wife Did sometime ago Ac- 
quaint us that they had to transport themselves to pensylvania or 
Some place In America & Desires of a Certificate we therefore 
do Certifie yt the Said John March & his wife hath behaved them- 
selves Orderly amongst us their Brethren & Sisters Also was of 
a peaceable Life & Conversation amongst their Neighbours hav- 
ing Left us & our Neighbours Clear of Debt They had Also 
privilege to Set in our Meetings for Decipline & we hope they 
will So behave as will deserve the Rehgious Notice & Care of 
our friends & Brethren whose it may Please Divine providence 
So to order their Lot to Settle & Remain. 

" Signed by order & on behalf our Said Meeting by 

Ann Sloan Marj- Greer 
Mar}- pillar Eliz. Greer 
Eliz. Dawson Abigail King 

Benj? Marshil Jacob Marshill 
James Dawson John Whitsitt 
James Pillar Thos. Greer 

Thos. Griffith 
Israel Thompson 
\Vm. Vance 
Thos. Nicbalson 
Joseph Ker " 

In the spring of 1736, shortly after the signing of the above 
certificates, the Marsh family started on the long and wearisome 
voyage to Pennsylvania, where they arrived, it is believed, some 
time in August, for in John Marsh's land warrant, dated Nov. 
24, 1736, he is mentioned as having been settled on the land 
"about three months." The two families of the father and 
son settled near each other on two tracts of land in East Nant- 
meal Township, Chester County, adjoining other Irish Friends, 
William and Timothy Kirk, of the Kirks of Lurgan Meeting, 
County Armagh. Soon after their settlement the Marshes were 
received as acceptable members of Goshen Monthly Meeting, 
Chester County, as appears from the following extracts from the 
minutes of that meeting : 

Minute of Men's Meeting, 8 Mo. 18,1736. — "John Marsh Pro- 
duced a Certificate to this Monthly Meeting from the .Monthly 
Meeting of friends held at Grange near Charlemount in ye North 
of Ireland dated ye 2d of ye 4 .Mo : 1736 in behalf of himself & 
wife [Elizabeth] which [is] to friends Satisfaction and ordered to 
be recorded." 

Minutes of Women's Meeting. — "At our Monthly Meeting 
held at Goshen the Eighteen Day of Eighth Month [1736] Eliz- 
abeth .Marsh Produced to this Meeting a Certificate from Friends 

TIu Marsh family 4 i ; 

in Ireland jointly with her Husband which we accept on her 

Minutes Men's Meeting. — "At our Monthly Meeting held at 
Goshen ye 15th day of ye 9th Mo. 1736 Joshua March [Marsh] 
Produced a Certificate to this Monthly .Meeting from the Monthly 
Meeting of finends at Grange in Charlemount in the North of Ire- 
land dated ye 2d of ye 4th month last in behalf of himself & wife 
[Elizabeth] & 3 of his children, \-iz : Jonathan. Peter & Abigail 
which is to the Satisfaction of friends here & ordered to be Re- 

Minutes of Women's Meeting. — ' ' At our Monthly Meetnig held 
at Goshen the Fifteenth Day of the Ninth Month [1736] . . . 
Elizabeth Marsh Produced to this Meeting a Certificate from 
the Monthly Meeting of Grange in Ireland which this Meeting 
Accepts on her behalf." 

Joshua Marsh settled on a tract of two hundred acres of land 
which he purchased from the Penn Proprietors. The following 
abstract of his land title is from the records preserved in the De- 
partment of Internal Affairs, at the capital, Harrisburg, Pa.: 

No. 55. Joshua Marsh, of Chester Co., Pa., warrant for 200 
acres of land " Adjoyning the Lands of John Grifnth and John 
Rees in the Township of Nantmill," granted October, 26, 1737 ; 
patented Oct. 12. 1742. 195 acres returned (.A.. 10, p. 505).' 

Patent Deed : (Sur\-ey, May lo, 1738.) 

John, Thomas, and Richard Penn, Proprietors of Penn'a., on 
Oct. 12, 174.2, patented to Joshua .Marsh, of Chester Co., in con- 
sideration of £'^6, 4s., 195 acres of land in Nantmeal Twp., 
Chester Co. , described as follows, — 

Beginning at a corner marked hickory, in a line of William 
Kirk's land, and from thence extending by John Griflath's land, 
\V. by N. 210 P. to a marked chestnut ; thence by William Bran- 
son's land, N. 81 P. to a post, thence by John Ree's land, E. N. 
E., 113 P. to a black oak marked, and N. N. W., 4S P. to a 
marked black oak : thence by the lands of the said William 
Branson, N. E. by E., 44 P. to a post ; thence by Daniel Brown's 
land, S. S. E. 76 P. to a marked chestnut, N. E. by E. 60 
P. to a marked black oak and S. S. E. 30 P. to a marked hick- 
ory ; thence by vacant land, S. 60° E. 80 P. to a marked hickory- ; 
thence by the said William Kirk's land S. W. by W. 135 P. to a 
marked black oak and S. E. by S. 60 P. to place of beginning, 
containing 195 acres and allowance. 

Joshua attended Uwchlan Friends' Meeting until the establish- 
ment of Nantmeal Meeting in 1740, and was appointed a repre- 
sentative from Uwchlan Preparative to Goshen Monthly Meeting. 

' See Sarvev, No. 446, Taylor Papers, HisL Soc of Penn'a. 

4 1 4 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

to which Uwchlan was subordinate. The minutes of the Monthly- 
Meeting show that he was appointed on committees to inquire 
into requests for certificates of removal, to oversee marriages, 
etc. His name appears for the last time in the meeting records, 
9 Mo. I, 1745, when he signed a marriage certificate. He was 
taxed in East Nantmeal Township, in. 1737-8, is.; in 1739, is. 
3d ; in 1 740- 1, IS. 6d.' 

He died probably in the spring of 1748, for his will was made 
August 18, 1747, and probated May 17, 1748. As his wife is not 
mentioned in the will, he must have survived her. The following 
is a copy of the will : 

" I Joshua M.^RSH^of East Nantmell, in the County of Chester in 
the province of Pennsylvania yeoman lieing in Health of body 
and of .Sound disposing Mind and memory in thankfullness of 
heart to almighty God for his mercies and favors and in Con- 
sideration of the uncertainty of our Time here do make and ordain 
this my last will and Testament in Manner following. 

Imprimis its my Will that after my Decease my body be buried 
in a Decent manner at the Discretion of my Executor hereafter 
Named and as for what temporal Estate it hath Pleased Clod to 
Bestowe Upon me in this Life, I Give Devise and Dispose of the 
Same in manner P'ollowing. 

In the first place its my Will that my just Debts and Funeral 
Charges be paid and Discharged 

Item I Give to my Son John Marsh the sum of Five Shillings 
Lawful Money of this Province 

Item I Give to my son George Marsh Five Shillings Money 

Item, I Give to my son Peter Marsh Five Shillings Money 

Item I Give to my Daughter Deborah McMuUen Five Shillings 
Money Aforesaid 

Item I Give to my Daughter Abigail Atherton Five Shillings 
Money aforesaid 

Item, I (iive and Bequeath all my Personal Estate & Goods and 
Chattels after my Debts Funerall Charges and Legacies Aforesaid 
are Paid and Discharged unto my Son Jonathan his Executors 
and Administrators 

Item I Give and Devise all and Singular my Messuage Planta- 
tion and Tract of Land whereon I now Live in East Nantmell 
aforesaid with the rights members and Appurtances thereof unto 
my fA Son Jonathan Marsh his heirs and Assigns for Ever 

' Tax Lists in County Commissioners' Office, West Chester, Chester 
Co., Pa. 

"P.ipers No. 1144, Hook 3, p. 15, Register's Office, West Chester, Pn. 

The Marsh Family 4 1 5 

Item I Give and Devise that my farm in Belenacar in Clam- 
brasel in the County of Armagh in the Kingdom of Ireland Con- 
taining Thirty three Acres of Land with the Rights members and 
Appurtances thereof Unto my Said Son Jonathan Marsh his heirs 
and Assigns Forever. 

Item I Nominate and Appoint my son Jonathan Marsh to be 
sole Executor of this my Last will and Testament and Lastly I 
do Revoke and Declare to be null and void all Former and other 
wills and Testaments by me Made in word or writing and do De- 
clare this only to be my Last Will & Testament In Witness 
whereof I have hereunto Set my hand and Seal Dated the 
Eighteenth Day of the Sixth Month Called August Anno Dom 

JJCiMiiJot. cMrj/l 


Witnesses : 

David Davies . 

Richd Davies 
Ellis Davies 

The following inventory of the estate of Joshua Marsh was filed 
at Chester, then the county seat of Chester County, May 2, 1748 : 

"the 26"' L>ay of y 3'': mo" : in ■•j" year 1848 A true In- 
ventory of the goods and efects of Joshua Marsh deceased 

/ S d 

"To a bed and beding 4 3 o 

To a chest o 2 6 

To a table cloth and napkin o 2 6 

To a pair of leather Briches and Sundries. ... o 18 o 

To a horse Saddle and bridle 4 o o 

To a mare 3 10 o 

To Books 215 o 

To a bedstead Barrels and Sundries 012 6 

To pots and Sundries .. 1 36 

To carpenters Tools o 14 o 

To tongs and pothangers & Sundries o 14 o 

To chair haccles & Sundries o 9 o 

To flax seed and Sundries o l5 6 

To leather & Sundries • 2 9 lo 

To yaam 3 5 o 

To three bags . . 10 o 

To a cart and tacklings 8 o o 

To a Dough trough & Sundries on 6 

To a harrow o 18 o 

4 1 6 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

To a grinding Stone o 5 o 

To bees I 4 o 

To a plow & axes and mattock i 3 o 

To Sheep 1 17 6 

To hoggs 2 18 o 

To chains and Sundries o 5 o 

To a loom & wool i: Sundries 2 2 6 

To Some wareing apparel I 1 o 

To Credit for wool o 5 6 

To two Smoothing iron o 4 o 

To unbroke flax o 5 o 

To a plantation 200 o o 

Appraised by us the Day & 
year above written 

Wm Kirk 

John Griffiths " 

Joshua and Elizabeth (Rogers) Marsh had children as follows : 
I. Deborah; II. Joseph (?) ; II!. John; IV. George; V. Abi- 
gail; VI. Peter; VII. Jonathan. 

I. Deborah Marsh, from whom the writer descends, was 
married 5 Mo. 10, 1727, at Grange Meeting, near Charlemont, 
County Armagh, Ireland, to Thomas McMuUen [McMillan], of 
Grange Meeting, County Antrim. See "McMillan Family," 
page 399. 

II. Joseph Marsh, " of Crenah in the parish of Tillenesky & 
Countie of Tyrone ' ' (who is thought to have been a son of Joshua 
Marsh, since Joshua's name appears on the marriage certificate 
ne.\t to that of the bride's father, Francis Hobson, who heads the 
list of signers in the column reserved for relatives under the bride 
and groom's names), probably named for his grandfather, Joseph 
Marsh, was married 5 Mo. (July) 27, 1732, in the Friends' Meet- 
ing House at Ballyhagen, County Armagh, Ireland, to Ruth 
Hobson, " Daughter of ffrancis Hobson of Drimimilly in the parish 
of Loughgall & Countie of Ardmagh." Some of the signers to 
the marriage certificate ' were : 

ffrancis Hobson Sarah Hobson Joseph Marsh 

Joseph Hobson (and others) Ruth Marsh 

John Hobson Deborah M'Moollon 

(and others) Abigail Marsh Peter Marsh 

Hannah Hobson ffrancis Hobson 

(and others) Joshua Marsh 

Mabel Anderson George Rndfjers 

William Vance 
William Hobson 
(and others) 

'Page;, Marriage Book, 1731-1786, Ulster Quarterly Meeting. 

The Jllarsh Family 4 1 7 

Joseph Marsh is not mentioned in Joshua Marsh's will and 
nothing further has been learned of him. 

III. John Marsh, son of Joshua, married Elizabeth , 

prior to or about 1724, as has been stated above, came over 
from Ireland, in 1736, and settled in East Nantmeal Township, 
Chester County. The following abstract of his land title is from 
the records of the Department of Internal Affairs at Harrisburg : 

No. 52. _/<)//« il/i?;-^/;, of Chester County, 200 acres "of Land 
scituate in Nantmil Township, whereon He has been about three 
months settled & adjoining to William and Timothy Kirk," 
granted Nov. 24, 1736; patented Mar. 14, 1790. Acres returned 
11.76. Patentees, John Marsh (Vol. A 14, p. 268), James Pugh 
(Vol. P 18, p. 251). Survey.' 

Patent Deed: Thomas and Richard Penn, Proprietors of 
Penn'a, on June 9, 1747, patent to John Marsh, of Chester 
County, Pa., in consideration of ^33. 3d., 213 acres of land and 
allowance, in East Nantmeal Twp., Chester County, decribed as 
follows : 

Beginning at a marked hickory by Timothy Kirk's land, S. 
25° E. 100 P. to a marked hickory ; S. 65° W. 30 P. to a marked 
chestnut at a corner of Robert Wetherall's land, by same, S. 25° 
E. 44 P. to marked black oak ; E. 20 P. to marked hickory ; S. 
25° 149 P. to marked black oak, by Henry Phillip's land S.E. 
40 P. to post by Callowhill Manor, corner of Vincent Township ; 
N. 42° E. 150 P. to corner post, by John Well's land ; N. 48° 
W. 80 P. to marked black oak standing at a corner of John Price's 
land, thence by same N. 18° W. 26 P. to a marked white oak ; 
N. W. by W. 16 P. to a marked chestnut ; W. N. W. 126 P. to 
a corner post, thence by Simon Woodrow's land ; W. .S. W. 40 
P. to a corner marked white oak ; thence, by the Meeting Land, 
N. 85° W. 80 P. to place of beginning, containing 213 acres. 

John Marsh and his son Joshua, on complaint of Uwchlan Pre- 
parative Meeting, for breach of discipline were disowned by Gos- 
hen Mo. Mtg., 3 Mo. 17, 1742. About 1750 John Marsh removed 
with his family from Chester County and settled on a tract of land 
adjoining his brother-in-law, Thomas McMillan, in Warrington 
Township, York County, Pa. The records at Harrisburg show 
the following purchases of land : 

Warrant No. 41, John Marsh, 25 acres, "adjoining Thomas 
McMillan & Peter Cook on Doe Run in Warrington Township," 
York County, granted Sept. 10, 1751 : patented May 25, 1855. — 
(Patent Book G. 489). 

Warrant No. 233, John Marsh, Sr., 24 acres, "joining his 

'Also see Taylor Papers, Warrants, No. 405, Historical Society of 


4 1 S Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

other Land & Elihu Underwood & Isaac Kole in Warrington" 
Twp., York County, granted Oct. 21, 1769 ; patented Dec. 14, 
1822. (Survey.) 

Warrant No. 236, John Marsh, Sr., 26 acres, "joining his 
other Land granted by warrant of the 21st of October Instant in 
Warrington" Twp., York County, granted Oct. 30, 1769; pat- 
tented Dec. 14, 1822. (Survey.) 

John Marsh was living in 1769, but the date of his death has 
not been learned. His wife, Elizabeth died in or prior to 1761. 
As far as can be learned they had the following children : i. 
John ; 2. Margaret ; 3. Joshua ; 4. Jonathan ; William (?) ; 
Ruth (?) 

I. John Marsh, born in Ireland, in 1724, died 3 Mo. 10, 1804, 
and was buried in Friends' graveyard at Warrington Meeting 
House, York Co., where his gravestone, with inscription, may 
still be seen. He probably removed from Chester to York Co., 
with his father, about 1750, but his certificate of remoxal from 
Goshen Mo. Mtg. , dated 8 Mo. 17, 1752, was not received at War- 
rington Mo. Mtg., until II Mo. 18, of that year. At Warrington 
Mo. Mtg., 5 Mo. 20, 1758, he produced an acknowledgment for 
marrying " by a Justice with a young woman not Joined amongst 
friends." His wife Margaret was received into membership, 7 
Mo. 12, 1760. 

By warrant, No. 125, dated June 4, 1762, John Marsh, Jr., 
was granted 125 acres "adjoining Peter Cook in Warrington" 
Twp., York Co.; patented July 11, 1795 (Z, 281). Survey. 

In his will, dated, Washington Twp., York Co., 4 Mo. 30, 
1802, probated Apr. 2, 1804, he mentions his wife Margaret, his 
eleven children, and a lot of ground within fourteen rods of 
" Baltimore Town." Children by his wife Margaret were : (i) 
Jonathan, b. 6 Mo., i, 1760, d. 3 Mo. 20, 1850, removed to 
Baltimore, Md., about 1798, and finally to Middleton Mo. Mtg., 
Ohio, in 1808; (2) Elizabeth, b. 7 Mo. 27, 1762, removed to 
Baltimore i about 1797 ; (3) Margaret, b. 11 Mo. 28, 1764, re- 
moved to Baltimore about 1797; (4) Mary, b. i Mo. 16, 1767, 
took a certificate to Baltimore in 1801 ; (5) Rebecca, b. 3 Mo. 
16, 1769, d. II Mo. 13, 1770; (6) Susanna, b. 3 Mo. 7, 1771, 
m. 9 Mo. 12, 1793, John Everitt, son of Isaac and Martha ; (7) 

John, b. 3 Mo. 7, 1771, d. 1806, m. in 1802, Catharine ; 

(8) William, b. 7 Mo. 28, 1775, took a certificate to Baltimore in 
• 797 ; (9) Rebecca, b. 8 Mo. 2, 1777, d. 4 Mo. 14, 1858, 
buried at Warrington ; (10) Lydia, b. 10 Mo. 20, 1779, m. John 
Walker, son of Benjamin, of Warrington' ; (11) Hugh, dis- 
owned by Warrington Mo. Mtg., 3 Mo. 22, 1809, for marriage 

'See Lewis Walker and Descendants, by Priscilla Walker Streets. 

The JMarsli Family 419 

out; (12) Hannah produced an acknowledgment for marriage 
out, in 1808. 

2. Margaret Marsh was married 12 Mo. 30, 1756, at Warring- 
ton Mtg. , York Co., to Elihu Underwood, schoolmaster, of War- 
rington, son of Alexander. Signers to marriage certificate were : 

Jane McMillan Mary Morthland Elihu Underwood 

Rebecca Fincher John McMillan Margret Underwood 
Elizabeth Hussey John Harry 

Richard Wickersham Ruth Cook Alexander Underwood 

James Peckett Rebeca Morthland Sarah Underwood 

Charles Morthland Ann Hussey John Marsh 
James Jones Elizabeth Wickersham William Marsh 

Samuel Morthland William Morthland Ruth Marsh 

Jonathan Marsh George McMillan Ruth Morthland 

Susanah Ward Armel Fincher Petter Marsh 

Christopher Hussey Deborah McMillan 

Joseph Garretson Mary McMillan 
Aaron Frazer 

3. Joshua Marsh seems to have disappeared from the records 
after his disownment. 

4. Jotiathai! Marsh, of Warrington, was married, 1st, 6 Mo. 
18, 1 76 1, at Warrington Mtg., to Rebecca, daughter of Hugh 
Morthland, deceased, and Rebecca, his wife ; m. 2d 12 Mo. 16, 
176S, at Merion Meeting, Chester Co., to Ann Packer, of Haver- 
ford, daughter of Philip and Ann. He served a number of years 
as overseer of Warrington Meeting. He died in 1795, leav- 
ing at least four children : (i) James, by first wife, m. 9 Mo. 14, 
1797, at Warrington, Edith Hussey, daughter of Record and 
Miriam, of W'arrington, took a certificate to Baltimore, in 1810, 
with wife — children, Zilla and Amos — , and finally removed to 
Ohio; (2) Ann, by first wife, m. 1797, to John Edmonson, of 
Warrington ; (3) John, by second wife, m. 5 Mo. 14, 1789, to 
Hannah Hussey, daughter of Record and Miriam, removed to 
Gunpowder Mtg., I\Id., in 1790 ; (4) Ehzabeth, m. i Mo. 12, 
1792, at Warrington Mtg., to Joseph Edmondson. 

5. William Marsh, supposed to have been the son of John, 
was disowned by Warrington Mo. Mtg., in 1763, for mairiage 

6. Ruth Marsh, supposed to have been the daughter of John. 

IV. George Marsh, the first of the family to come to Penn- 
sylvania, produced the following certificate of removal to Kennett 
Mo. Mtg., Chester Co., 7 Mo. 6, 1729. He is mentioned in his 
father's \vill, but no further record of him has been found : i 

' Original MS. in possession of Gilbert Cope, of West Chester. See 
facsimile, page 84. 

420 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

" from our Meeting at the Grange 
Near Charlemont the 22'' of the 
5th month /y^S 
"Whereas George Marsh Son to Joshua Marsh hath a Minde 
to Transporte himselfe topensilvania in A Merica and desires our 
Sertificate These are therefore to Sertifie to all whome may be 
Concerned that the Said George Marsh is the son of honest parents 
whoe were Concerned to b[r]ing him up in the way of truth and 
in as much as he is now groone into years Capable to worke for 
his Liveing and having an inclination to goetoAmergea to Leave 
his S'' parants hath Consented thereunto and he being of apretty 
orderly Conversation therefore we doe recommend him to the 
Care of friends where he may Come for his preservation in the 
truth Signed in be[half] of our [torn] Meet[ing] 

"Post Script we doe further Sertifie that we doe believe that 
the Said George Marsh is free from any engagement of marriage 
with any woman here ' ' Robert Green 

Bartho : Garnett 
Wm. Whitesite 
Jacob Marshill 
' James Pillar 

John Griffin 
Tho" Greer 
Joshua Marsh 
Joseph Marsh " 

V. Abigail Marsh was married g Mo. 4, 1741, at Nantmeal 
Friends' Meeting House, Chester Co., to Thomas Atherton, son 
of Henry and Jennet (Thclwall) Atherton. The following per- 
sons signed the marriage certificate : 

Hester Hockley 
Ruth Roberts 
Ann James 
Jane Kees 
Percy Hinton 
Mary Evans 
Ruth Evans 
Ann Hockley 
Margaret Evans 
Rachel liutler 
Mary GriHith 

William Williams 
Cad' Jones 
Awbrey Roberts 
Henry Hockley 
John (IrifTith 
Samuel John 
John Rees 
Arnold Baset 
Noble Butler 
Jacob Jenkin 
William Kirk 
Timothy Kirk 

Thomas Athkrton 
Ahigail Atherton 

loshua Marsh 
Jonathan Marsh 
Peter Marsh 
Henry .'\therton 
Thomas Evans 
Eliza Evans 
Thomas McMoUin 
Deborah McMollin 
Rich') Thomas Jun 
Hannah Thomas 
Elizabeth Thomas 
Ester Kvans 
William Taylor 
Henry 'Taylor 
Robert Thompson 

Tlie Marsh Family 421 

Thomas Atherton was taxed 2s. in East Nantmeal Twp., 
Chester County, in 1740-1. At Goshen Mo. Mtg., 6 Mo. 18, 
1740, " Thomas Atherton with the approbation of Uwchlan Pre- 
parative Meeting Proposes to joyn himself to our Religious So- 
ciety who is Received by us as his Conduct Proves Agreeable to 
our Our Principles." He was appointed an overseer of Nant- 
meal Meeting, in 1754. In 1763 he received a certificate to re- 
move with his wife Abigail and three children, Richard, Henry, 
and Elizabeth, to Warrington .Mo. Mtg., York County. The cer- 
tificate was received at Warrington, i Mo. 14, 1764. He died, 
probably in 1782, for his will' was dated Feb 2, 1774, and pro- 
bated Sept. 23, 1782. His wife and three children survived him. 
Children : (l) Henry ; (2) Richard ; (3) Elizabeth. 

1. Henry Atherton, m. 3 Mo. 22, 1780, at Warrington Mtg., 
to Ann Hobson, of the same place daughter of Francis and Ann 
Hobson, Friends from Ireland. In 1784, Henry was disowned 
by Warrington Mo. Mtg. for attending musters. About 1790 
they removed to Western Pennsylvania, and in 1794 were re- 
ported as living in the Glades of Stony Creek, probably in 
Bedford County. Children : Mary, Thomas, Francis, and Ann. 

2. Richard Atherton, m. 5 Mo. 18, 1775, to Phebe Hobson, 
sister of Henry's wife. The committee appointed to oversee the 
marriage reported that the occasion had been orderly, ' ' Except 
having assistants to pull off the glove and hat." In 1784 he 
produced an acknowledgment for marriage by a "hireling 
Teacher." He removed within the limits of Westland Mo. Mtg., 
about 1790. 

3. Elizabeth Atherton, m. i Mo. 16, 1777, to Alexander Elliot, 
of Newberry Twp., York County, son of Isaac, deceased. At 
Warrington Mo. Mtg., 6 Mo. 13, 1778 ; they were complained of 
by Newberry Mtg. for having differed and parted ; disowned 8 
Mo. 8, 1778. In his Diary (1780-1786) Benjamin Walker, of 
Warrington, under date of 5 Mo. 22, 1781, 3d-day, notes that he 
was " Diging a Grave for Elizabeth EUet formerly Atherton," at 
Warrington Friends' burial ground. 

VL Peter Marsh, with the concurrence of Uwchlan Prepara- 
tive Mtg., requested of Goshen Mo. Mtg., 4 Mo. 21, 1740, a 
certificate of removal to Oley (Exeter) Mo. Mtg., Berks County. 
The certificate was received at Exeter 6 Mo. 28, 1740. A certi- 
ficate for him to return to Goshen was signed by Exeter, 8 Mo. 
29, 1741. At Goshen Mo. Mtg., 6 Mo. 15, 1743, "The Repre- 
sentatives of Uwchlan Preparative Meeting Acquaints this Meeting 
that Peter Marsh Persists in keeping Company in Order for mar- 
riage with a young woman not of our Religious Society." At the 

1 Will in Register's Office, York, Pa. 

42 2 Immigration of t/ic Irish Quakers 

meeting 7 Mo. 12, 1743, he was reported married out of the So- 
ciety. He was then disowned, 9 Mo. 21, 1743, the testimony 
against him to be read at Nantmeal Meeting House. He was 
taxed in Nantmeal Township, in 1739. '" '^e tax list for 1 740-1 
his named has been crossed off. 

He removed to Warrington Township, York County, about 
1750, about the same time as his brother John and his brother-in- 
law Thomas McMillan, and settled on a tract of land at the foot 
of Round Top. A warrant (No. 36) for 25 acres of land "on a 
Branch of Beaver creek adjoining Robert V'eale [Vale] in War- 
rington Township," was granted to him May 7, 175 1 ; patented 
Dec. 7, 1762 (G. 489). In his will,' dated 4 Mo. 21, 1788, pro- 
bated April 4, 1789, bespeaks of his "meadow next Roundtop." 
He leaves 88 acres of land, which was surveyed May 3, 1753, to 
his son Jonathan, and mentions his other children, John, Mary 
Jones, Deborah Frazer, Jane Phillips, Lydia Brunton, Rachel 
Howe, Rebecca, and Esther. 

Deborah, daughter of Peter Marsh, born 4 Mo. 5, 1746 ; m. i 
Mo. 22, 1772, to Joshua Frazer, son of James and Rebecca (Cox) 
Frazer. A daughter, Elizabeth Frazer, married William Brinker- 
hoff, who when living in Ohio, in 1876, at the age of ninety-two 
years, gave the following interesting reminiscences* of the 
Marshes and Frazers : 

Peter Marsh's wife Margaret was a Welsh Quakeress of gigan- 
tic size. Deborah, the daughter, was buried beside her husband 
and parents at Warrington Meeting House. Joshua Frazer was 
first engaged to a younger sister of Deborah'sof about his own age, 
and they were to have been married in the spring of 1771 ; but 
in the fall of 1770, with an eye to securing some ready money to 
help him set up housekeeping, Joshua kissed his sweetheart good 
bye and went down into North Carolina to chop wood durinj^the 
winter. Here he met with such success that he concluded to stay 
a little longer than had been arranged for, and wrote to his in- 
tended to that effect. But, unfortunately for him, she never re- 
ceived his letter, and when he failed to appear at the proper 
time " the girl was mad and up and married another fcllar to 

Soon after, the young Joshua returned with his pockets weighted 
with hard earned money and his mind filled with pleasant anticipa- 
tions of the coming event. But, alas, for all his high hopes, the 
girl had gone with another man. 

At length, Deborah, an older sister, came to the rescue. It 
was true she was somewhat too old, but what better could be 

' Register's Office, York, Pa. 

'Notes taken at the time by Smith Bell McMillan, now of .Signal, Ohio. 

The Marsli Family 423 

done ? So, in 1772, she became my future mother-in-law. When 
Joshua asked Peter Marsh for Debby, Peter replied : 

"Joshua, I gave thee one girl, and I'm not going to give thee 
another. — But, if thee will come with two horses and a side- 
saddle, and the girl wants to go with thee, take her right along." 

The test was soon made and with a happy result for Joshua, 
for " the girl she climbed into the saddle, she did." 

VII. Jonathan Marsh was married, in 1748, by authority of 
Exeter Mo. Mtg., Berks Co., to Mary Long, of that meeting, 
probably a daughter of Robert and Rachel Long. The marriage 
was authorized 9 Mo. 24, and reported accomplished 10 Mo. 29, 
1748, so that the ceremony must have occurred between the two 
dates. He died shortly afterward, letters of administration on his 
estate being granted to his widow Jan. 19, 1749-50. The follow- 
ing inventory ' of his estate was filed March i. 1748-9 : 

" Inventory of the Goods and Chattels &c of Jonathan March 
Decesed apprised this 23 Day of January Anno Dom, 1748/9 by 
us the subscribers. 

^ S d 
to wering apparil Riding Creator Saddle and Briddle ... 15 o o 

to Horce & Meare ... . 5 10 o 

to 4 Cows a Steear and 2 yond haffars 13 o o 

to 6 Hogs • 115 o 

to 6 Sheeps ... .. ..... ....250 

to a plow harrow and Tacklens i 15 o 

to a Steel of a Colling Bo.'i and Sum old Cart Iron o 4 o 

to a Cart 8 o o 

to all the wheat and Ry in the Ground 12 o o 

to 5 .Stocks of Beeas a heay fork 22 Skikis a Grindstone 2 

Sithes .... I 12 o 

to Lome and tacklens & horse Gears and Cart Sadie .... 2 10 o 

to hog meat and a podring tube and Cealor I 6 o 

to flax and hampe hrocken and one broken 017 6 

to a womans Sadel . 1 10 o 

to Long wheal a pettecot Sum will and other Lumber ..060 
to Sum malt Barly flaxseed a tube a basket and peal .... o 10 6 

to flax yearn Toney earn and Sum Salt .3 3 o 

to a Bag of fatthers . . i 10 o 

to a Bed and Bed Cloath . . I 10 o 

to a Grubing howe Sum axes and old iron , . . .0180 

to 3 pots a Crock and hangers a frian pan Sum other things o 18 o 

to 5 Bells and Bell Collars and Bre.ick iron o 15 o 

to Chair 2 peals 2 Bags and Ridel o 8 o 

to 2 wheals ... ... . 012 o 

to putter Earthen pans trunchers and Nogans I 6 6 

to two glace ( ? ) 2 Knifes and Sum other things 030 

to Sum Candels and tallow o 5 ^ 

'Papers No. 1217, Register's Office, West Chester, Pa. 

424 hnmigration of the Irish Quakers 

^r s d 

to'Kneding trogh 2 Darals a Chist and the pekin on o 

to a table Cloth and a towel Sum tow Cloath .... 130 

to Hed and Bed Cloas . . 4 10 o 

to 2 Books and Sum drest Cloth ... 2159 

to a Stack of hay I o o 

103 o 9 

The above was apprised by us the Subscribers the day year 
above written his 

Enin E. Williams 


Thomas Slvcer 
Griffith Griffith" 

Elizabeth Marsh, the only child of Jonathan Marsh, was born 
7 Mo. 29, 1749, after her father's death. At an Orphans' Court, 
held at Chester, March 20, 1749,' 

"Mary Marsh petitioned the Court on behalf of Elizabeth 
Marsh y" daughter of Jonathan Marsh dece'^ for the Court to ap- 
point Proper persons to be her Guardians w°'' was allow'd of and 
the Court appoints Thomas Downing and Samuel James to be her 
Guardians iS;c." 

Mary Marsh, the widow, spoken of as a "young woman," was 
married, by authority of Exeter Mo. Meeting, between the dates 
2 Mo. 26, and 3 Mo. 31, 1750, to John Williams, of Xantmeal 
Meeting, Chester Co., the Mo. Meeting having seen that "Guar- 
dians [were] chosen to take Care of her Child." John Williams 
removed with his wife Mary, children Henry and William, and 
step- daughter, Elizabeth Marsh, to Exeter Mo. Mtg., in 1757, the 
certificate of removal from Goshen being presented 10 Mo. 27th 
of that year. In 1765 they returned again to Chester Co., with 
children, Henry, William, Jonathan, and Miriam, presenting cer- 
tificates to Uwchlan Mo. Mtg. Elizabeth Marsh, "now Ellis," 
was complained of in Uwchlan Mo. Mtg., 6 Mo. 8, 1769, for 
marrying a Friend before a Justice, and was disowned 7 Mo. 6, 


John Mackey,^ or Mackie, of Kincon, Parish of Kilmore, 
County Armagh, "being weak in body, but perfect in memory," 
made his will 4 Mo. 11, 1699. First. He leaves to his wife the 

'Records of Orphans' Court, Vol. V., 51, in office of Clerk of the 
Court.s, West Chester, Pa. 

^ In 16S1, " John Macky [County Down] had taken from him for Tithe, 
by Hugh Powell and Edmond MacElcoshker, two Stocks of wheat, eleven 
Stooks of Oats and two Stocks of Barly, all worth seventeen shillings." — 
Slock Jiile, 175. 

The Mackey Family 


, and William Gray to be over- 
' my wife doe fully execute this 

third part of "all my goods & Chattells quick and dead within 
and without and alsoo my house & Land duering her Life and after 
her decease to fall to my Sons Joseph and Benjamin" to be 
equally divided between them. 

Item. "After my wifes third parte is taken off I doe give the 
one half of what remains to my Son William and my Son Joseph 
and my daughter Rebecca," to be divided equally. 

Ilcvn. " I leave the other halfe to my Son Benjamin and my 
daughter Martha" to be equally divided. 
Jle/n. Wife to be executrix. 
Ite»i. William Brownlee, Jr. 
seers and guardians to see that ' 
my will." 

Lastly. Directs that his " body be buried in the buering Place 
in the mueny belonging to the meeting of bailey hagen." 
Witness : Charles Brown John Alackey [Seal] 

Kellren Brown 
7 Mo. 6, 1699, William Macky, David Kell, Joseph Mackey 
certify that they have " Received full Satisfaction of our mother 
concerning our fathers Last will." {Recordsof Ballyhagen Meet- 

Children of John Mackey : I. Joseph, II. William, III. Benja- 
min, IV. Rebecca, and V. Martha. 

I. Joseph Mackey,' of Kincon, and Ann Sweethen ^ [" Swee- 
ton " in minutes of Province Meeting], of Cloughan, both in 
Parish of Kilmore, County Armagh, were married, 4 Mo. 24, 
1703, at Ballyhagen Meeting. The signers were : 

Joseph M.\cky . 
Sarah Sweethen 
Mar)' Gamer 
Martha Allen 
Hannah Sweethen 
Elizabeth Brownloe 
Marj' McKenell 
Elinor Garner 
Marger)' keel 
Mar}' keel 
Abigail Gray 

Mongow McKenell 

William Morton 
John Blackburn 
William Nickalson 
Robert Bams 
John Williamson 
William Gray 
James Tough 
Matthew Whinery 
James Stevenson 
Patrick Hogg 
John Winter 
William Hobson 
John Scott 
Benj : Macky 

' Marriage Book Ballyhagen (Richhill) Meeting. 

2 Mary Sweethen, of Cloughan, Parish Kilmore, County Armagh, was 
married, 8 Mo. 22, 1702, to John Lenox of Drycroency, Parish Clanfekill, 
at Ballyhagen Meeting ; among signers were Alexander Sweethen, John 

Ann Macky 
Richard Mathewes 
Alex^ : Sweethen 
John Lennox 
Thos. Toulerton 
William Sweethen 
William Hampton 
George Garner 
William .\len 
david kell 


426 Immigratiol of the Irish Quakers 

Joseph Mackie,' of Kincon, County Armagh, " being advanced 
in years," made his will April 7, 1760 and it was probated April 
17, 1760. Directs that he be buried in graveyard at " .M\mny 
Hill." To son Benjamin, " My Cheese Press and no more hav- 
ing already Provided for him." To grandson, John Mackie, son 
of William, deceased, £(y when he is twenty-one. To Hannah 
Wicklow one cow or £1 in case there is no cow. To Jane f'rizle, 
5s. To Sarah Allen, 5s. To Martha Jackson, 5s. To Ann 
Hobson, 5s. To Margaret Fox, 4s. and check reel. To Jol n 
Keller "my clothes." Mentions sons Samuel and William 
Mackie. David Bell and Nicholas Raye to be executors. 


John J Mackie 
Witnesses : hew wat ^^'^ 

David Kell 
John Kell 

Children of Joseph and .Ann (Sweethen) Mackey : 

1. William ^lackey died prior to his father. Had a son John. 

2. John Mackie, of Kincon, Parish of Kilmore, County Ar- 
magh, Ireland, and Elizabeth Hinshaw, of Grange, Parish of 
" Clanfeakill," County Tyrone, were married, loMo. (Dec.) 12, 
1733, in Meeting House near Charlemont, County Tyrone. 
Among the signers were: John Mackie, Elizabeth Mackie, 
Jacob .Marshal, Thomas Greer, Benjamin Marshel, William Poell, 
Thomas Griffith, William Mackie, Sarah Mackie, Joseph Mar-shel, 
Joseph Mackie, William Allan, John Allan, Jacob Hinshaw, Wil- 
liam Vance, James Morton. 

3. Rebecca Mackey, born about 1716, married Jacob Hinshaw 
and removed to Pennsylvania in 1741. 

4. Margaret (?) m. Fox (?). 

5. Benjamin Mackee, of Kincon, Parish of Kilmore, County 
Armagh, son of Joseph Mackey, and Mary, daughter of William 
Williamson, of Ballyhagen, said Parish, were married 2 Mo. i, 
1742, at Ballyhagen. Some of those who signed certificate 
were : Joseph, William, John, .-^nn, John, Samuel, William and 
Benjamin Mackie. 

6. Samuel Mackey, living in 1760. 

7. Ann Mackie, daughter of Joseph Mackie, of Kincon, Parish 
of Kilmore, County Armagh, and Frances Hobson, of Drumolley, 
Parish of Loughgall, County Armagh, were married 9 Mo. 25, 
1741, in Meeting House at Ballyhagen. Among signers were : 

Hinshaw, Dorothy Hinshaw, Elinor Whinery, Roliert Lennox, Thomas 
Hinshaw, John Whinery. 
' Bay 4, A' Tray, Mo. 8, Public Record Office, Dublin. 

The Mac key Family 427 

Francis Hobson, Ann Hobson, Joseph, Benjamin, William, 
John, Samuel, Benjamin and John Mackie, and Ruth Marsh. 

8. Hannah (?), m. Wicklow (?). 

9. Jane Mackie, daughter of Joseph and Ann, b. 2 Mo. 20, 
1704 ; m. Frizle (?) 

10. Sarah (?), m. Allen (?). 

11. Martha (?), m. Jackson (?). 

II. WiLLiA.M Mackie (son of John), of Rockmacreany, 
Parish of Kilmore, County Armagh, made his will 10 Mo. 20, 1735. 
To be buried in the Money. £6 to poor of Ballyhagen Meeting. 
Mentions son-in-law, Jacob Sinton ; grandson, William Sinton ; 
son, Samuel Mackie ; brother Benjamin's three sons, John, Will- 
iam, and Joseph ; Benjamin Mackie's daughters, Mary and Jean ; 
sister, Rebecca Smith ; John Kell ; William, son of Joseph 
Mackie ; Jane Mackie, daughter of Samuel ; daughter Sarah 
Sinton ; grandsons, Thomas and Jacob Sinton. {Rc'cords of Bal- 
lyhagen Meeting.) 

III. Benjamin Mackey (son of John), of Rockmackany, 
Parish of Kilmore, County Armagh, and Sarah, daughter of John 
Williamson, of Ballyhagen, were married at Ballyhagen Meeting, 3 
Mo. 24, 1 7 16. Among those who signed the marriage certificate 
were John Williamson and Jane, William, Joseph, and Ann Mac- 
key. They resided at Drumore, Parish MuUobrack, County 
Armagh. Children were : 

1. John Mackie (son of Benjamin ?), of Parish Loughall, County 
Armagh, and Katharine Meredith, of Parish of Blaris, County 
Down, were married 2 Mo. (Apr.) 22, 1737, in Meeting House in 
Lisburn, County Antrim. Among signers were : John Mackie, 
Katharine Mackie, John Meredith, Jacob Hinshaw, Benjamin 
Mackie, John Hinshaw. 

2. William Mackie. 

3. Mary Mackie, daughter of Benjamin Mackie, of Drumore, 
Parish MuUobrack, 'County Armagh, and Robert Smith of Cora- 
beak, Parish Kile, County Armagh, were married 9 Mo. 21, 1739, 
at Ballyhagen. Among signers were : Robert Smith, Mary 
Smith, James Smith, and Benjamin, John, William, John, Samuel, 
Joseph, Ann, Samuel, Jane, and Benjamin Mackie. 

4. Jane Mackie, daughter of Benjamin Mackie, of Drumore, 
Parish of Mullaghbrack, County Armagh, and Joseph Meredith, 
of Ahentriske, Parish Blaris, County Down, were married 9 Mo. 
30, 1740. 

5. Joseph Mackie. 

IV. Rebecca Mackey, m. Smith. 

V. Martha Mackey and William Allen, both of Ballyhagen 
Meeting, were married at that meeting, i Mo. 6, 1700. 

428 I»imig7'afion of (Jie Irish Quakers 


James Moore,' Quaker, was residing on an extended estate in 
the Townland of Ballinacree,* Parish of Hallymoney, County 
Antrim, Ireland, as early as 1675. In that year he had "taken 
from him for Tithe, by James Cunningham, Tithemonger under 
John Dunbar Priest of Bellimunny Parish, twelve Stooks of 
Barley, forty nine Stooks of Oats, and seven car-loads of Hey, 
all worth three pounds four shillings six pence." (Stockdale, A 
Great Cry of Oppression, 48, printed in 1683.) The following 
year the same " Priest" took his oats, barley, wheat, and hay to 
the value of £2. 13s.; and thus each year down to 1682 he suf- 
fered a similar loss. In 1682, the birth of a son is thus recorded 
in the Friends' Registers : John Moore, son of James and Eliza- 
beth Moore, of Ballynacree, County Antrim, was born 6 Mo. 9, 

A Friends' Meeting (Rutty, 343) was established at Ballinacree,' 

' According to the tradition in tlie family, the Moores came to Ireland 
from Cumberland, F.ngland, during the plantations of James I. 

2 About three miles to the northwest of Ballymoney. 

'Ballinacree Meeting. — .\t Ulster Province Meeting, 2 Mo. 27, 1702, 
" The former desire from this meeting concerning building a meeting 
house for y'' meeting near Ballymony being renewed & discoursed att this 
meeting butt for want of Some friends from y' & Colerain meetings this 
meeting cannot have So Satisfactory account as they could desire what 
methods may he taken to answer friends desire in y' matter : there- 
fore its y° desire of this meeting y' one or more friends from those meetings 
do allways hereafter attend y" pro : meeting & y' if no progress be made 
towards building a meeting house nor James Moore y" younger willing 
to accept or receive y' meeting or allow grouncl to build a meeting 
house upon, then y'^ mens Meet, of y' quarter is desired to endeavour to 
gett a convenient place about y" center of friends to build a meeting house 
& convcniency for friends horses. And if y" friends of those meetings 
are nott willing to be at y'' charge, to propose y'' Same to this meeting who 
is willing to help & advise y™ therein, concerning, which this meeting de- 
sires answer to y' next province meeting." 

At the Province Meeting 4 Mo. 21, 1707, " Friends of Ballymony 
meeting give account y' [they] are making preparation towards building a 
meeting house, tlio they have not yett gott y" place made Sure So they are 
Still desire to continue their care." 

Whether or not the plans for building a meeting-house were carried out 
at this time I have been unable to determine. In 1796, Thomas Scatter- 
good {Memoirs, 190) records in his journal that he " Rode to Ballynacree, 
and on the 22d (I Mo.) held the preparative Meeting. This meeting- 
house joins a dwelling, and on sitting down, it seemed like sitting in a 
cellar: two men, two women and three children composed it." On a 
visit in 1809, Thomas .Shillitoe ( Life of Friends' I.ihrary, I20-I ) says that 
Ballinacree Meeting consisted of parts of two families and that the Meet- 

The Moorcs of Ballinacree 429 

near B.-illymoney, in 1673, ^f^ doubtless was held at James 
Moore's house, as later meetings were regularly held there. 
JohnC.ratton, a Quaker minister, notes in \\\i Journal (iZ^,) under 
date of 6 Mo. 14, 1696, that he lodged at "J Moor's " at Balli- 
nacree. James Moore's daughter Alice was married in a Friends' 
Meeting at his own house, 10 Mo. 17, 1697, to Thomas Irwin, of 
Lisnegarvy {Minutes of Ulster Province Meeting). 6 Mo. 13, 
1698 at the Province Meeting there is mention of " y" men and 
womens meeting held at James Moors y' 30"* of y« ^ 1698." From 
this time on there are constant references to this meeting. In 
1698, lames Moore, of Ballymoney, was appointed on a commit- 
tee of the Province Meeting to obtain subscribers for Barclay's 

Thomas Story, a Quaker minister, gives the following account 
{Journal, 537) of his visit to the Moores, in 1716 : 

"On the 18th [7 Mo.], the great Rains having raised the 
Waters, we had but a small Meeting at Dunclaudy ; but a very 
broken tender Time it was, and we were generally comforted. 
That Evening I went forward about ten Miles to James Moor's at 
Ballimuny ; but his Wife being ill he directed us to his Son 
James about a mile farther ; where we staid that night. 

" On the 19th I had a Meeting near James Moor's, the elder ; 
which was small, being Harvest, and wet weather, and not so 
open as the last ; and yet a good Meeting. That Evening I 
went over the River again to Ely Crocket's." 

The following is an abstract of the will' of James Moore, made 
in 1727, and probated by his three sons who are styled 
' ' Quakers ' ' : 

Abstract of the will of James Moore, of Ballynacreemore, Parish of Bal- 
lymoney, County Antrim, Ireland, dated Dec. 29, 1727. 

My son Wm. Moore out of the ^^500 he oweth me by bonds to pay 
the following legacies: to his son John Moore £^00: to his son Clot- 
worthy Moore ^^50 ; to his son James Moore £$0 ; to his daughter Jean 
WTiittsitt ;^5o. The remaining ;if 250 I leave and bequeath to himself. I 
also bequeath to him the Quarter Land of Lischeighan during his natural 
life, then to his son John Moore and his heirs male forever, and failing 
male heirs in him to the next of male kindred ; also to him my silver 

My son James Moore out of the ^£'500 he oweth me by bond to pay the 
following legacies : to the five children of my son George Moore, — 

ing-house was under the same roof as a dwelling. On my visit in 1900 
I found that the Society at this place was extinct and was unable to locate 
the site of the meeting-house ; but I saw the old Friends' burial ground 
called the Lamb's Fold, at Enogh, near O'Hara Brook, about two miles 
west of Ballymoney. 

1 Public Record Office in Dublin. 

430 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

William, James, George, Sarah, and Elizabeth Moore, £20 each when 
they come of age, with interest at six per cent ; to my daughter Alice 
Erwin's children £\oo and six small silver spoons — the ^100 to be put at 
interest and the interest to be paid to my daughter Alice Erwin during her 
life and at her death to be given to her children as she is pleased to ap- 
point ; to my grandson William Moore, son of John Moore, ^50. Then, I 
bequeath the remaining ;f 250 to himself. Also, I leave to my son James 
Moore my tenant right of Ballinacreemore and my part of Unckunagh, 
Claughy, Enogh, and Cabragh, he or his executors paying to my daughter 
Alice Erwin during the present lease £20 per year out of said profit rent. 
I bequeath to my said son James Moore the Quarterland of Beltyton ' ' and 
my bigg Bible and silver drinking dram coops'' during his natural life 
and then to his son William Moore and his heirs male forever. 

To my son John Moore the bonds due nie by him and the interest due on 

To my son George Moore 5s. and the debt he is due me by bonds and 

Joseph Moore out of the .^550 he oweth me by bonds to pay the follow- 
ing legacies : to daughter Elizabeth Whitsitt ;f 100 and four silver spoons ; 
to the children of my daughter Sarah Henderson alias Courteny /'too at 
the death of their mother it being put to interest at six per cent to be paid 
to her during her life yearly and at her death to be divided among her 
children of the name of Courteny ; to my granddaughter Elizabeth Erwin 
^50, with four silver spoons, and the best bed and bed " close that I now 
possess " ; to my granddaughter Elizabeth Crockett £20 ; to my said 
grandson, John Moore, the son of my son John Moore, £yi. Then I 
leave the remaining ^250 to my son Joseph Moore, as also my tenant right 
to the Quarterland of Broadmillan and the (luarterlandof Rosnashane and 
29 acres of Diserderrin as now in his posses.sion during his natural life ; 
then to his son William Moore and his heirs male forever. 

To my daughter Frances Wilkinson the right of a lease I let to her son 
William Wilkinson and the right of the lease let to William Moore of 
Drumrahegle in trust for her and husband, her husband paying the rent. 

Sons William, James, and Joseph Moore .ippointed executors. 

James Moore. 

The following are the children of James Moore,' probably all 
by his wife Elizabeth : ' 

' See Burke's Landed Gentry, II., 1422-3 (London, 1894). 

' Robert Moore, of Ballmoney Meeting, and Jennet Miller, of Dunclady 
Meeting, County Antrim, were m. 6 Mo. 6, 1703, atthehouseof the Widow 
Henderson, in Dunclady. 

James Moore, of Ballyraoney Meeting, and Susanna Forster, of Antrim 
Meeting, were m. 5 Mo. 7, 1714, in the town of Antrim. 

" David Moore and Mary Wilkisson both of Ballymony Meeting" were 
married " att y° house of James Moore near Ballymony y'' 7th day of y' 

— '7«5 " 

Joseph Moore, of Ballymoney and Mary Henderson, of Dunclady, were 
m. 3 Mo. 3, 1 72 1, at the house of Katharine Henderson, in Dunclady. 

William Moore, son of James Moore, of Parish of I'.allymoney, County 

The Moorcs of Ballinacree 431 

I. Alice Moore was married 10 Mo. 17, 1697, at a Friends' 
meeting at her father's house, to Thomas Erwin, of Lisnegarvey. 
Had a daughter Elizabeth and other children. 

II. A Daughter, who married Crockett and had a 

daughter, Elizabeth Crockett. 

III. William Moore, by his father's will, received the Quar- 
terland of Lischeighan. In 1702 he settled at Killead, County 
Antrim, and became High Sheriff of Antrim in 17 18. He mar- 
ried Clotworthy, and had issue : (i) John Moore, of 

Moore's Grove, County Antrim, High Sheritt' of Antrim in 1733, 
grandfather of Captain Roger Moore, of Killead, who was High 
Sheriff of Antrim in 1750, and who, in conjunction with Captain 
Thomas Thompson, in 1760, marched a contingent of 173 volun- 
teers from Killead and vicinity to oppose the landing of the French 
at Carrickfergus ; (2) Clotworthy ; (3) James ; (4) Jean, mar- 
ried Whitsitt. 

IV. James Moore, Jr., of Ballymoney Meeting, and Susanna 
Whitsite, of Grange Meeting, near Charlemont, were married by 
Friends' ceremony at the latter meeting, 10 Mo. 24, 1701. From 
his father he inherited the estate of Ballinacreemore, Unckunagh, 
Claughy, Enogh, Cabragh, and the Quarterland of Beltyton. 
James Moore, Jr., continued in membership with Friends, the 
meetings being held at his house. His son, William Moore, in- 
herited the Ballinacree estate. The latter died, leaving an only 

daughter Susanna, who married Strettle. At her death 

Ballinacree passed to her cousin, Samson Moore, a descendant of 
X. Joseph Moore. 

V. John Moore, of Lurgan, County Armagh, was married 4 
Mo. 24, 1702, at the Friends' Meeting at Lurgan, to Ruth Hoope, 
of Lurgan. Children, born at Lurgan : William, b. 8 Mo. 21, 
1704 ; Francis, b. 2 Mo. i, 1705 ; Eleanor, b. 2 Mo. 24, 1707 ; 
James, b. 5 Mo. 9, 1708 ; Robert, b. 4 Mo. 9, 1709. 

VI. George Moore, married, 7 Mo. 2, 1702, at Lurgan Meet- 
ing, Mary Hoope, of Lurgan. Had five children : William, 
James, George, Sarah, and Elizabeth. 

Antrim, " Linnen Draper," and Mary Gregg, daughter of George Gregg, 
of Parish of Termoneny, County Londonderry, farmer, were married 2 Mo. 
(Apr.) 14, 1737, at Toberhead. Signers to certificate were : 

William Holems Samson Brady William Gregg William Moorb 

William Moore Lewes Raford Samson Moore Mary Muork 

Andrew Spotswod John Evens Mary Hancock George Gregg 

William Reeves John Downing Mary Richardson Thomas Gregg 

Jackson Clark Elizabeth Moore William Whitsitt 

Ilobert Clark Elizabeth Moore William Whitsitt 

James Moore 
John Moore 
Joseph Moore 

— Marriage Book of Ulster Quarterly Meeting, 40. 

432 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

\'\\. Elizabeth Moore, was married, ii Mo. 2, 1705, at the 
meeting at her father's house, to Joseph Whitsite, of Grange 
near Charlemont. 

VIII. Sar.ah Moore, married, ist, Henderson, and 

2d, 12 Mo. 9, 1708, at a meeting at her father's house, Joseph 
Courtney, of Grange Meeting. She had children by second 

IX. Frances Moore, married Wilkinson, and had at 

least one son, William Wilkinson. 

X. Joseph Moore, of Ballymoney Meeting, and Susanna 
Brady, of Grange Meeting, County Antrim, were married 12 Mo. 
6, 1706-7, at Grange Meeting. (Alinutes of Ulster Province 
Meeting). Joseph Moore, by his father's will of 1727, received 
the Ouarterlands of Broadmillan and Rosnashane, and 29 acres 
of Desertderrin (now called Moore Lodge), County Antrim. 
Issue : (i) William, eldest son ; (2) James, of Desertderrin, an- 
cestor of the Moores, of Moore Fort, County Antrim ; (3) John, 
b. 1712, ancestor, of the Moores of Lischeihan ; (4) Joseph, b. 
1 7 16, of Ahoghill, hne extinct ; (5) Samson, of Moore Lodge, High 
Sheriff of Antrim, 1767, died 1775 ; (6) George. 

(i.) William Moore, the eldest son, of Rosnashane, b. Aug. 4, 
1708, m. Elizabeth Courtney, of Glenburn, and had three 
daughters and two sons (i. Joseph, Barrister at-Law, and 2. Wil- 

Of these two sons, 2. William Moore of Killagan, County An- 
trim, High Sheriff, in 1778, m. the daughter of Rev. J. Warren, 
Rector of Kilrea, County Londonderry, and had two sons : (ci) 
Samson, of Moore Lodge, who subsequently came into the Bal- 
linacree estate on the death of his cousin Susanna Strettle. He 
was Captain in the Antrim Regiment ; married Sarah, daughter of 
William Warren, and died without issue in 1843, when Bal- 
linacree' was sold out of the Moore family, {h') William, officer 
in the 3d Dragoons, afterwards Captain in the Antrim Regi- 
ment, and High Sheriff of Antrim, 1808. He succeeded his 
brother Samson in the Moore Lodge estates on the accession of 
the latter to the Ballinacree estates. He m. Elizabeth, daughter 
of Richard Rothe, Esq., of Mount Rothe, County Kilkenny, and 
was succeeded by his son, George, on whose death, unmarried, 
Moore Lodge was inherited by his cousin 

William Moore, son of Samson (d. 1832), grandson of Alex- 
ander' (d. 1840), and great-grandson of (i) Joseph, Barrister. 

' Ballinacree House, eventually passed into the hands of Marcus Gage, 
now deceased, who pulled down the old mansion and built a new one. 
When I visited the place in 1900 it was owned by Dr. Hamilton Ross. 

* Alexander's estate of Rosnashane was sold about 1844. 

The Moore s of Ballinacree 433 

William Moore, the above, of Moore Lodge, J. P., 1M.D., was born 
on Nov. 13, 1826, and died 1901. Was High Sheriff, County 
Antrim, 1S90 ; President of the King and Queen's College of 
Physicians, Ireland, 1883-1884; King's Professor of Medicine, 
Trinity College, Dublin ; was appointed Physician-in-Ordinary to 
the Queen in Ireland, in 1885. He m. Sept. 3, 1863, Sydney 
Blanche, daughter of Captain Abraham Fuller, of Woodfield. 
Children : William ; John ; Alexander ; George ; Sydney ; and 
Roger Clotworthy. 

Of these, William Moore,' Jr., b. Nov. 22,1864; K. C, 
1899; M. p. (conservative) for North Antrim, since 1899; suc- 
ceeded to the family estate of Moore Lodge.^ He was graduated 
from Trinity College, Dublin, with the degree of B.A., in 1S88 ; 
was called to the Irish Bar in 1887 and the English Bar in 1899. 
Married Helen Gertrude, daughter of Joseph Wilson, D.L., of 
County Armagh, in 1888. Children : William Samson, b. April 
17, 1 89 1, etc. 

1 See IV/io's W/io, 1902, page 920. 

'The estate of Moore Lodge, formerly called Desertderrin, is pleasantly 
situated on the River Bann, about six miles south of Ballinacree. 



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Stem, Cyras, McFarlan and Stern Genealogy, Wilmington, Del., 

Stockdale, William, and five others. The Doctrines and Prin- 
ciples : The Persecutions, Imprisonment, Banishment, . . . 
By the Priests and Magistrates of Scotland, etc. London 1659. 
Copies are in Friends' Historical Library of Swarthmore College and in 

Friends' Library, 142 N. l6th Street, Philadelphia. 

Stockdale, William, The Great Cry of Oppression ; or, a Brief 
Relation of some Part of the Sufferings of the People of God 
in Scorn called Quakers. In Ireland, 1671-1681. Small 
4to. Printed in 1683. 

Rare. Copies are in the British Museum ; in the Friends' Library at 
Devonshire House, Bishopsgate .Street, London ; and in the private library 
of the late Charles Roberts, Philadelphia. 

440 I»i7nigratio7i of the Irish Quakers 

Stone, Frederick D., See Winsor, Vol. III. 

Story, Thomas, foinnal, New Castle-upon-Tyne, England, 1747. 

Streets, Priscilla Walker, Le^i'is Walker of Chester Valley and 

/us Vrsct-itclaii/s. riiiladelphia, 1896. 
Stubbs, Dr. Charles H., Historic Genealogy of the Kirk Family, 

printed in 1S72. 
Tanner, William, Three Lectures on the Early History of 

Frieiuis in Bristol and Somersetshire, London, 1858. 
Thomas, Allen C, and Richard H., A History of the Society of 

Friends in America, Philadelphia, 1895. 
Thwaites, Reuben Gold, The Colonies, New York and London, 

To the Parliament of England, who are in place to do Justice, 

and to Im-ak the Bonds of the Oppressed. A Narrative of 

the Cruel and Unjust Sufferings of the People of God of the 

Nation of Ireland, called Quakers. London, Printed for 

Thomas Simmons at the Bull and Mouth near Aldersgate, 

1659. 4to. 

Copies in Friends' Library, 142 N. l6th Street, Philadelphia, and in 
Ridgeway Branch of Philadelphia Library Company. 

Traill, H. D., editor, Social England, 6 vols., New 'S'ork and 

London, 1895. 
Tylor, Moses Coit, A History of American Literature (1607- 

1765), New York, 1 88 1. 
Veech, James, The Monongahela of Old, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1858- 

Watson, John F., Annals of Philadelphia, Phila., 1830. 
Weeks, Stephen B., Southern Quakers and Slavery, Baltimore, 

Weld, Isaac, Travels through the States of North America, 1 795- 

97, London, 1799. 
Wescott, Thompson (See Scharfe), Historic Mansions of Phila- 
delphia, Phila.. 1895. 
Whiting, John, Persecutious Exposed in some Memoirs Relating 

to the Sufferings of John Whiting, London, 17 15. 
Winsor, Justin, editor, Narrative and Critical History of 

America (111.), 8 vols, Boston and New York, 1886-9. 
Tarnall, Peter, /(^wr/ja/, Comiy s Friends' Miscellany, IL, Phila., 


Bibliography 441 

II. Manuscript Sources 
I . Ffiends Monthly Meeting Records of Pennsylvania ' ; 

Falls (16S3-1750), in fireproof vault, National Bank, Newtown, 
Bucks Co., Pa. An order to see them may be had from 
Mark Palmer, Yardley, Pa. 

Buckingham (i 720-1759), at same place as above. An order 
to see them may be obtained from Anna Jane Williams, Holi- 
cong, Bucks Co., Pa. 

Wrightstown (1734-1750). at same place. An order to see them 
may be obtained from Horace T. Smith, Buckmanville, Pa. 

Middletown (1683-1750), in a safe at residence of Mary Bunting, 
Langhorne, Pa. An order to see them may be obtained 
from Susanna Rich, Woodbourne, Pa. 

RicUand (i742-i75o),in fireproof safe in Friends' Meeting House, 
Ouakertown, Pa. An order to see them may be obtained 
from Edward Shaw, Quakertown. 

Abington (1683-1750), in safe at Abington Meeting House, 
near Jenkintown, Pa. Accurate typewritten copies, made 
by Gilbert Cope, in Library of the Historical Society of Penn- 
sylvania, 1300 Locust St., Philadelphia. Benjamin F. Pen- 
rose, Ogontz, Pa., custodian of original records. 

Gwynedd (1714-1750), in fireproof vault. Friends' Library, 142 
N. i6thSt., Philadelphia. 

EadnOT (1684-1750), in fireproof vault, Friends' Meeting House, 
15th and Race Sts., Philadelphia; in charge of Benjamin 

Chester (1681-1750), in fireproof vault. Friends' Meeting House, 
Media, Delaware Co., Pa. Custodian, Henry Mendenhall, 
of Media. Women's Minutes (1695-1750), in charge of 
Charles Palmer, Attorney-at-law, Chester, Pa. ; kept in safe 
in his office. 

Concord (i 684-1 750), in fireproof safe. Concord Friends' Meet- 
ing House, Concordville, Delaware Co., Pa. Custodian, 
Lewis Palmer, Concordville. 

Philadelphia (1682-1750), in fire-proof vault. Friends' Meeting 
House, 4th and Arch Streets, Philadelphia. Custodian, 
George J. Scattergood, 119 S. 4th St., Philadelphia. An 
accurate copy of the Book of Certificates of Removal, made 
by Gilbert Cope, is in the Library of the Historical Society of 

' Abstracts of nearly all registers of births, deaths, and maniagesof these 
meetings are at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 

442 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

Newark or Kennett (1686-1750), in charge of Ruthanna Mith- 
encr, widow of Ellwood Michcner, and kept in a fire-proof 
safe at her house, one mile south of Toughkenamon P. O. 
andStation, ChesterCo., Pa. Women's Minutes (1696-17 50) 
in charge of Susanna F. Savery and kept in a safe at her 
house, two miles southwest of West Chester, Chester Co., Pa. 

New Garden (1718-1750), in a safe at Friends' Meeting House, 
West Grove, Chester Co., Pa. Custodian, Truman C. 
Moore, West Grove. 

Bradford (1737-1750), in fire-proof vault, Friends' Library, 142 
N. 16th St., Philadelphia. 

Goshen (1721-1750), at same place. 

Nottingham (i 730-1 750) in vault. Friends' Meeting House, 
Park Avenue and Laurens Street, Baltimore. Custodian, 
Kirk Brown, 1813 N. Caroline Street. 

Sadsbury (i 737-1 750) Friends' Library, 142 N. i6th St., Phi'a- 
delphia. Another copy at Friends' Meeting House, 15th 
and Race Sts., Philadelphia. 

Warrington (1742-17 50), in a wooden book-case, Menallen 
Friends' Meeting House, near Flora Dale P. O. , Adams Co., 
Pa. Custodian, Hannah G. Wright, Flora Dale Pa. Ac- 
curate abstracts, made and indexed by Gilbert Cope, are in 
the Library of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 

Menallen ( 1 780 to date), at same place. An abstract at Hist. 

Soc. of Penn'a. 
Exeter (1737-1750), in fire-proof vault, Friends' Meeting House, 

Fifteenth and Race Sts., Philadelphia. 

Darby (1684-17 50), in fire-proof safe. Friends' Meeting House, 
Darbv, Delaware Co., Pa. Custodian, Morgan Bunting, of 

2. Other Monthly Meeting Records : 

Duck Creek, Delaware, Friends' Meeting House, 15th and Race 
Streets, Philadelphia. Copies of Minutes at Hist. Soc. of Pa. 

Gloucester, or Haddonfield, New Jersey, Friends' Library, 142 
N. 1 6th Street, Philadelphia. 

Salem, New Jersey. 

Cane Creek, North Carolina, in charge of Hugh M. Dixon, Snow 
Camp, N. C. 

Bibliography 443 

3. Frii lids' Mreiiiig Records of Ireland : 

Minutes of Ulster Province Meeting, 1694-1717. 
Marriage Book of Ulster Quarterly Meeting, 1731-17S6. 

Minutes of Preparative Meeting of Grange near Charlemont, 


Carlow Records. 
Moate Records. 
Mountmellick Records. 
Lurgan Records. 
Ballyhagen Records. 

4. Other Manuscripts : 

Diary of Richard Barnard, of East Marlborough. Chester County, 
Pa. (1774-1792), in possession of a descendant, Milton Bar- 
nard, North Brook, Chester County. 

Journals of Joshua Brown, Friends' Library, 142 N. i6th St., 

Clement Papers, Hist. Soc. of Pa. 

Commonplace Book of Henry HoUingsworth (b. 1658, d. 1721), 
of Chester County, Pa., and Cecil County, Md. In collection 
of Judge Samuel W. Pennypacker, of Philadelphia. 

Hutton Letters (1726-1734), Gilbert Cope, West Chester, Pa. 
Miscellaneous Papers (1655-1805), Three Lower Counties, 
Hist. Soc. Penna. 

Account Book of George McMillan, of Warrington, York 
County, Pa. (1769-1795). In collection of the writer. 

Original Certificates of Removal brought to Newark or Kennett 
Monthly Meeting, in collection of Gilbert Cope, West Chester, 

Pemberton Papers (70 vols.). Vol. III., Hist. Soc. of Penna. 

Diary of Jacob Pierce, of Longwood, East Marlborough Town- 
ship, Chester County, Pa. (1791-1800), in possession of a 
descendant, Mrs. Lucy Polk, of Kennett Square, Pa. 

Diary of John Smith, of Burlington, N. J., and Philadelphia 
(1736-1752), Ridgeway Branch, Philadelphia Library Com- 

Smith MSS., I. (1678-1743), at same place. 

444 Immigration of the Irish Quakers 

Taylor Papers, Miscellaneous (1672-1775), Correspotidence 

(1683-1723), Hist. Soc. of Penna. 

Diary of BeBJamin Walker, of Warrington, York Co., Pa., 

(1780-1786), in possession of a descendant, Mrs. Phebe A. 
Smith, York, Pa.; a copy in collection of the writer. 
Wills in Public Record Of&ce, Dublin, Dublin. Ireland. 

Early Land Warrants, Surveys, Patents, of Pennsylvania, 

Department <if Internal AlTairs, Harrisburg, Pa. 

Wills, Deeds, Assessment Lists, Inventories, Court Records, 
etc., at Philadelphia, West Chester, York, Reading, and 
Lancaster, Pa. 

Private Collections, etc. 


A BBOTT, Alice, 364 
•^ John, 364 

Sarah, 339 

William, 281 
Act of Toleration for Protestant Dis- 
senters, 27 
Acton, Benjamin, loi, 281 
Acts of Uniformity, cause of emigra- 
tion, 42 
Adams County, 172-176 
Adams, Joan, 410 

Sarah, 332 
Addy, James, 298 
Ails, Stephen, 16S, 169 
Alday, Alice, 3S5 
Alford, George, 16S 
Alison, (See AUyson) James, 165 

James, Jr., 165 
Alderdice, James, 321 
Allen family, 337 

Amy, 337 

James, 326 

John, 141, 142, 337, 381, 426 

Sarah, 426, 427 

William, 367, 426 
AUyson, Lawrence, 317, 409 
Alment, John, 294 
Anderson, Isabelle, 392 

John, 392 

Mabel, 337, 344, 416 

Mary, 298, 324 

Samuel, 298 
Andrew, Jane, 356 
Andrews family, 342 

Miriam, 342 

William, 342 
Anglo-Irish Friends, 36-37 
Antrim, Edmundsons settle at, 15 
Arnold, Elinor, 282 

Elizabeth, 282 
Arrival of Irish Quakers, 1 88 
Asbury, Hannah, 383 
Ask, Samuel, 94 

Ashbridge, Phebe, 351 
Ashbrook, John, 278 

Thomas, 313 
Ashton, Mary, 306 

Peter, 307 

Robert, 130 
Atherton family, 420-421 

Abigail, 414 

Henry, 38 1 

Richard, 212, 3S1 

Thomas, 420 
Atkinson, Elizabeth, 410 

Grace, 113 

James, 278, 387 

Lydia, 314, 322 

Margery, 278 

Timothy, 325 
Aubrey, Letitia, 12S, 1 32 

William, 128 

BABB, Thomas, 314 
Baily, Ann, 322 

James, 165 

Joel, 126, 149, 150, 322 

Kesia, 150 

Lydia, 326 

Mary, 39S 

William, 149, 150, 165 
Baker, Joshua, 287 

Joseph, 303 

Mary, 303 

Sarah, 329 

Thomas, 287 
Baldwin, John, 121, 351 

Lydia, 35 1 
Ballinacree, 428, 432 
Baltimore, Lord, jev Calvert family, 

Bane, Alexander, 359 

Jane, 359 
Bank Meeting House, 107-108 
Barber, Robert, 162 
Barclay, John, 97 




Barcroft, Jacob, 292 

Ruth, 292 

Sarah, 362 
Barger, Thomas, 290 
Barnard, Alice, 40I 

Milton, 143 

Kichard, diarist, 143, 197 
Barnes, Robert, 425 
Barrington, John, 274 
Barton, Isaac, 288 
Ba>et, Arnold, 420 
Ba'einan, Mary, 398 

Miles, minister, visits Ireland, 16 
Bates family, 3S5-3S6 

Abigail, 387 

William, 382, 383. 384,385-386 
Baxter, Joseph, 405 
Beale, Elizabeth, 151 

John Bewley, custodian of 
Friend's records, Dublin, 34, 


Joshua, 151, 152 

Joseph, 152 

Rachel, 152 

Samuel, 152 

Sarah, 152 

Thomas, 151 
Eeals, Caleb, 172 

Jacob, 172 

John, 172 

Rachel, 172 

William, 173, 236 
Bears, 207-8 
Bedwell, William, 367 
Beeson, Henry, l8l 

John, 353 

Richard, 353 
Belhaven, Lord, 237 
Bell family, 390 

Abigail, 307 

Archibald, a Scotch-Irish 
Friend, 36, 390 

David, 426 

Frances, 362 

Isabell, 307 

Jane, 362, 367, 400 

John, 329, 394 

Joseph, 404 

Marie, 404 

Sarah, 404 
Bellarby, Isaac, 291 

Belley [Baily?], Caisia, 165 
Hellore, Mathias, 382 
Bennett, John, 1 17 

Joseph, 164, 165, 168 

Rebecca, 163, 165, 168 
Bentley, William, 326 
lierks County, 109 
Berthwaite, Margaret, 338 
Bethel, Sarah, 340 
Beverly family, 347 

James, 326 

Jane, 357 

Jennett, 347 

Mary, 225, 326, 357 

Samuel, 147, 326, 357 

William, 326 
Bewley, Mungo, of Dublin, 48, 

Bezer, Mary, 321 
Kiddle, Clement, 306 

Owen, 306 
Bishon, Nicholas, 174 
Birmingham, 117 
Bishop, Patience, 326 
Black, George, 410 

William, diarist, 245, 265 
Blackburn family, 360-361 

Alice, 379 

Anthony, 174, 183, 232, 379 

Elizabeth, 223 

Eliza, 354 

John, 174, 175, 231, 232, 354, 
359, 360,361, 379, 425 

Joseph, 183, 232, 380 

Margaret, 359, 3S0 

Mary, 354 

Moses, 176, 380 

Rebecca, 174, 359 

Thomas, 171, 174, 176, 181, 

232. 355.379 
Blacker, George, 410 
Blackney, Mary, 3S1 
Blake, Edward , 1 20 

John, 397 
Blatchford, Richard, 381 
Blaugdcn, Barbara, minister, visits 

Ireland, 24-25 
Blevin, Thomas, 407 
Blunston, Samuel, 162, 335 

John, 339 

Marga'ct, 339 




Boaks or Boakc, Amos, 60, 310 

Abel, 310 

Anne, 310 

Sarah, 310 
Bond, Anne, 351 
Bonsall, Mar)', 340 

Obadiah, 340 

Sarah, 340 
Books, 235-6 
Boone, Daniel, Kentucky pioneer, 109 

George, 109 
Booth, Charles, 2S3, 314 

Elizabeth, 2S3, 315 
Borum, Klizabeth, 406 
Bowen, Jane, 311 

Sarah, 311 

Thomas, 311 
Boweram, John, 268 
Boyd family, 362-364 

Benjamin, 230, 399 

George, 167 

Jane, 362, 400 

John, 160, 171, 362, 365, 393, 

Patrick, 102 

Samuel, 160, 378 

William, 160, 17 1, 365 
Boyes, Ann, 333 

John, 292, 326, 364 

Lydia, 307 

Mary, 292, 364 

Richard, 277, 292, 300, 307, 
311, 332, 347, 364, 394 

Robert, 330, 364 
Boyne, After Battle of the, 30 
Bradford Monthly Meeting, 152 
Bradshaw, Ann, 313 

James, 313.391-392 

Lemuel, lOI 

Thomas, 410 

William, 391 
Brady, Samson, 431 

Susanna, 432 
Braithwaite, Joseph, 3S5 

Margaret, 385 

Rachel, 385 

Sarah, 385 
Branson, William, 413 
Braselton, John, 359 
Bready, Ann, 363 
^rian, see Bryan 

" Brick Meeting," 158 
Ilrientnall, Joseph, 219 
Hrindley, Jacob, 402 
llrinkcrhoff, William, 422 
Brinton, Joseph, 353 

Mary, 349 

Moses, 349, 353 

William, 198 
Britten, Jacob, 298 

John, 29S 

John, 298 

Susanna, 29S 
Broom, Daniel, 318 
Brown, Charles, 425 

Daniel, 324, 413 

Elizabeth, 172, 376 

Ellis, 406 

James, 116, 158 

Jeremiah, 236 

Joshua, traveling minister, 1S4 

Kellren, 425 

Richard, 376 

William, 158, 236, 376, 377 
Brownlee, Elizabeth, 425 

William, 425 
Bnmton, I.ydia, 422 
Bryan family, 390 

Ann, 333 

Thomas, 390 

William, 390 
llryn, Rebecca, 301 
Llrj'ne, Daniel, 302 

Joshua, 302 

Rebecca, 302 
Buckley, Samuel, 281 
Bucks County, 109 
Bufiington, Phebe, 340 

Richard, 340 

Ruth, 321 
Bulla, or Bullough, Elizabeth, 362 

George, 320 

Katharine, 320 

Mary, 362 

Richard, 378 

Thomas, 161, 164,366, 378,410 
Bullock, see Bulla 
Bullough, see Bulla 
Bunting, Martha, 342 
Burne, Matthew , 283 
Burrough, Edward, minister, visits 
Ireland, 20-24, 37S 



Burson, David, 346 
Bushby, Uinah, 294 
Butler, Noble, 420 

Rachel, 420 
Burt, Elizabeth, 406 

Hannah, 405 

Sarah, 406 
Business Meetings, 220-222 

CADWALADER, Abigail, 290 
David, 290 

Susanna, 290 
Caldwell, Vincent, 126 
Cales, Aiolce, loi 
Cain Meeting, 152-153 
Calvert family, 316-318 

Ann, 312 

George, Lord Baltimore, 316 

Grace, 316 

Jane, 312, 317 

John, 313, 316, 320, 322 

Joshua, 321 

Joseph, 366 

Judith, 322 

Leonard, 316 

Mathias, 394 

Marj', 366 

Thomas, 312, 313, 316, 322 
Camm, Henry, 283 

John, 2S3 

Mary, 283 
Canady, Elizabeth, 297 

Hugh, 296, 297 
Canby, Mary, 306 
Cane, Ann, 141, 327, 336 

John, 141, 143, 227, 234, 314, 
327, 336 

Margaret, 336 

Robert 143, 336 
Cannassetego, Chief of the Onon- 

dagas, 242 
Cantrell, Godfrey, 325, 374 

John, 325 
Card-playing, 222 
Carleton, Caleb, 287 

Dinah, 287 

Hannah, 287 

Isabel, 286 

Lydia, 287 

Mark, 96, 286, 287 

Martha, 287 

Carleton, Rachel, 296 

Sarah, 287 

Samuel, 2S7 

Susanna, 286, 287 

Thomas, 126, 286, 287 
Carlyle, Ann, 350 

Thomas. 350 
Carolinas, Irish Friends in, 42 
Carpenter, John, letter of, 67-68 

Samuel, 128, 141, 2S1 
Carroll, Margery, 346 

Sarah, 346 
Carson, Agnes, 1 74 

Ellen, 174 

Jane, 404 

Margaret, 165 

Mary, 348 

Patrick, 165 

Richard, 212 

Walter, 174 

William, 348 
Carter, Hannah, 322 

^Iary. 322 
Cartmill, Dorothy, 325 

Martm, 325 

Nathaniel, 325 

Thomas, 325 
Castleshane Meeting, 395 
Causes of emigration, religious and 

economic, 42-49 
Cavan Meeting established, 19 
Celtic-Irish, 32-35 
Center Meeting, New Castle County, 

Center Square Meeting House, 108 
Certificates of removal, 56, 57 
Certificate of removal. The, 84-85 
Chads, Elizabeth, 316 
Chalfant family, 335 

Henry, 335 

J"hn. 335 

Jonathan, 335 
Chalklcy, Thomas, 21S, 389 
Chamberlin family, 359 

Abel, 297 

Jonas, 160, 164, 359 
Chambers family, 391 

Catharine, 304 

Deborah, 21 1 

John, a Scotch-Irish Friend, of 
Dublin, 36, 211 



Chambers, Richard, 32S 

Robert, 313, 391 

WilHam, 32S 
Chandlee, Benjamin, 157, 279 

Nath., 279 

William, 172, 279, 2S0 
Champion, John, 3S8 

Mary, 388 
Chandler, Ann, 377 

Rachel, 315 

William, 337, 377 
Charlemont, Lord, 366 
Charles II., Restoration of, 25 
Charlton, John, 343 ■ 
Checochinican, Indian chief, 147, 

Chesnon, Richard, 174 
Chester County, 124-159 
Chester Meeting House, built in 

1693, 113, 114 
Chester Mills, 115 
Chester Monthly Meeting, no, 


Chew, Hannah, 3S7 
Chichester Meeting, 116, 117 
Child, Mary, 62 

Thomas, 62, 322 
Church, Elizabeth, 382 

Richard, 29S 
Churchman, Hannah, 377 

John, 158, 236, 377 

Sarah, 377 

Susanna, 303 
Christy, Alexander, 343, 393, 409, 

Ann, 401 

John, 410 

Margaret, 409 

Thomas, 343 
Clapboard house. The, 190-192 
Clark family, 343-344 

Elizabeth, 343 

Jackson, 43 1 

Jane, 362 

John, 343 

Robert, 43 1 

Samuel, 339, 343 

Sarah, 355 

Walter, 343, 394 
Clarridge, Samuel, 54 
Clay, John, 404 


Claypoole, James, letter-book of, 55 

Tames, 252 

John, 252 
Clayton, Mary, 150, 289 

Richard, minister, visits Ireland,- 
17-1S, 149, 150 
Clearing the Land, 190 
Cleaver, Peter, 169, 402 
Cleck, Moses, Presbyterian minister, 

becomes a Quaker, 36 
Clement, Judge John, 42 

Joseph, 386 

Mercy, 3S6 
Clemson, James, 165 
Clendenon, John, 375 
Clibborn, Ann, 327 

William, 327 
Clifton, Ann, 292 
Cloak, Peter, 301 
Cloud, Mordecai, I49, 150 
Clung, Sarah, 405 
Coates family, 179, 302 

Aaron, 171 

Ann, 372 

Dr. Jesse, 154, 77. 154. 155. 302 

Susanna, 302 

Thomas, 154 
Coatesville named for an Irish 

Quaker, 154 
Cocks, se! Cox 
Coeburn family, 303 

Elizabeth, 303 

Joseph, 199, 201, 303 

Rebecca, 304 

Thomas, 303 

William, 303 
Collett, George, 144, 280 

Mary, 2S0 

Tobias, 139 
Collins, Ann, 402 

Francis, 3S6 

John, 177, 402 

Joseph, 177 

"Margaret, 301, 386 

Mary. 402 

Priscilla, 3S6 
Combe, John, 393 

Samuel, 47, 284 
Combs, John, 394 
Comley, David, 346 



Concord Meeting, 1 16 

Concord Monthly Meeting, Ii6, 117 

Conway or Connaway family, 314, 


Thomas, 119, 313, 3I4 
Conolly, Eunice, 294 
Conrey, Edward, 391 
Contribution of the Irish Quakers, 

Cook, Ann, 402 

Edward, becomes a Quaker, 
21-22 ; 24 

Elmira, J., 401 

Elizabeth, 319 

Grace, 315 

Hannah, 379 

Henry, 397, 404, 405 

Jane, 397 

Jesse, 402, 405 

Joan, 296 

John, 296 

Joseph, 371 

Josiah, 404 

Margaret, travelling minister, 

Mary. 397. 405 

Mary Ann, 404 

Peter, 16S, 371, 379, 402, 417, 

Ruth, 405, 419 

Sarah, 1 72, 371, 379 

Thomas, 168 

William W., 404 
Cooper family, 277, 347 

Calvin, 164 

Mary, 387 

William, 347, 387 
Cope, Gilbert, historian, 113, 1 19, 124 

Samuel, 306 
Coppock, Bartholomew, 115 

William, 160 
Cornish, Henrj-, 312 
Cottcy, Abel, 279 

Sarah, 270 
Courtney, Elizabeth, 432 

Joseph, 432 

Mary, 369 

Ruth, 332 

Samson, 399 

Sarah, 430, 432 

Toby, 302 

Courtney, Thomas, 302, 394 

William, 37S 
Cointship, 215-216 
Cowman, Jarrett, 398 

Jeremiah, sea-captain, 69, 71, 

76-77. 305. 341 

Nathan, sea-captain, 95, 341 
Cox, (j« Cocks) family, 172 

Amy or Emey, 174, 337 

Ann, 1 68 

Dinah, 176, 3S0 

Isaac, 16S 

Jacob, 176 

John, 168, 172, 174 

Mary, 165, 168, 176 

Rebecca, 165, 168, 422 

Samuel, 165 

Sarah, 363 

Thomas, 165, 1 68 

William, 121, 165 
Cradle for cutting grain introduced 

into Chester County, 197 
Craig, Joanna, 400, 401, 405 

Mary, 168, 400 

Williani, 400 
Crainer, ICIizabcth, 377 
Crawford, Abel Lee, 404 

Joseph, 401 
Cresap War, 144 
Crispin, Silas, 256 

Captain William, 256 
Crockett, Eli, 157, 347-348. 37'. 
394, 429 

Elizabeth, 430, 431 

Gilbert, 34S 

John, 347 
Crook, Grace, II5 

William, 323 
Crooks, Ann, 390 

Richard, 390 
Crops, failure of, a cause of emigra- 
tion, 48 
Crosland, Alice, 31 6 
Crosley, Ann, 362 

Hetty, 308 
Crowley. Joanna, 315 
Cromwell, Henry, Lord Lieutenant 
of Ireland, II, 25 

Oliver, in Ireland, 9-10 
Cromwellian soldiers in Ireland be- 
come Quakers, 12, 20, 21, 37 



Cromwellian Seulement, 10-12 
Crumptoii, John, shipmaster, loi 
Cunningham, Ann, 293 

Elinor, 293 

Elizabeth, 293 

James, 42S 

"Mary, 293 
Cuppage, Elizabeth, 2S1 

Experience, 264 

Major Robert, 264 

Robert, 281 

Thomas, 264, 2S5 
Curlis, Richard, loi 
Curry, Dr., 21 7 
Cutler, Benjamin, 404 

Rebecca, 404 

Susanna, 404 

DAGGER, John, 3S3 
Dancing, 222-223 
Darragh, Charles, 274 

Lydia, 273-274, 298 

William, 274 
Davenport, Isaac, 301 
Davis, Catharine, 396 

Daniel, 398 

David, 415 

Ellis, 415 

Esther, 165, 168 

Franklin, 398 
■ James, 326 

Richard, 415 

Uriah, 39S 
Darlington, Margaret, 93 
Dawson, Catharine, 315 

Elizabeth, 86, 87, 411, 412 

James, 86, 87, 411, 412 
Day, Ann, 163, 165 

John, 163, 164, 165, 166 

Mrs. Rachel W., 396 
Dean, Alexander, 230, 297, 299 

David, 297 

Elizabeth, 295 

James, 230, 299 

John, 299 

Joseph, 297, 299 

Ruth, 299 

Samuel, 299 

William, 149, 150 
Decou, Isaac, 387 

Rachel, 387 

Decble, Dorothy, 291 

Elizabeth, 2gl 

George, 291, 307 

Jane, 291 

Jerome, 291 

Sarah, 291 
Delaney, Daniel, 385 

Martin, 385 

Rachel, 3S5 

Sharp, 3S5 

William, 385 
Delap family, 379 

John, 214 

Ruth, 86, 379, 411 

Sarah, 213 

William, 98, 174, 175, 367, 379 
Dennen, Andrew, 361 
Dennis, Hannah, 277 

John, 282 

Thomas, 382 
Delaware County, no 
Delhvood, Dr., 217 
Descriptive pamphlets of Pennsyl- 
vania induces immigration, 54 
Desertderrin, 430, 432, 433 
Dickinson, Jonathan, 203, 262, 288 

Joseph, 308, 326 

Sarah, 405 
Dicks, Elizabeth, 174 
Disorderly conduct, 227-22S 
Distribution of Irish Friends, 106 
" Divine Light," 5 
Dixon or Dixson family, 179, 319, 

Ann, 336 

Anthony, 313 

Henry, 121, 184, 319, 320 

John, 121, 184, 315 

Joseph, 358 

Rose, 319 

Simon, 337 

William, 122, 129, 313, 315, 

319, 391 
Dobson, Abigail, 315 

Richard, 315 
Domey, James, 300 
Douglas, Jeremiah, 334 

Ruth, 310 

Samuel, 85 
Downey, Hannah, 298 

James, 298 



Downliam, James, 407 
Downing, John, 431 

Sarah', 349 

Thomas, 424 

WilUam, 349 
Drayton-in-the-Clay, 3 
Dress, 202-205 
Drewett, Morgan, lig 
Drewry, Thomas, 296 
Drinker, Elizabeth, 294, 388 

Henry, 294, 388 

WilHam, 294 
Drinking, 223-226 
Driskle, Elizabeth, 199 
Drogheda, Taking of by Cromwell, 

Druett, Hannah, 270 
Dublin, First meeting held at, 20 
Duck, Elizabeth, 320 
Dutfy, Emma, 6, 405 

Judge Edward, 405 
Dunbar, John, 42S 
Dundas, Bethia, 238 

James, 238 

Laird of, 238 
Dungannon, Lady, 394 
Dunn, Susanna, 404 
Dwelling, The, 190-I93 

EARL of Chesterfield, 374 
Earle, John, 16S 
Early, Daniel, 16S 
East Cain Township, 153-154 
Eastlack, Elizabeth, 277 

Francis, 387 

Hepzibah, 3S7 

John, 387 

Sarah, 277 
East Nantmeal Township, 155-156 
East Noltinghani, 159 
Eavenson, Richard, 149, 1 50 

Jemima, 150 
Economic causes of emigration, 46- 

Edge, Ann, 306 
Jacob, 306 
Jane, 306 

John, IIS, 3^6, 371. 373 
Mary, 351 
Rachel, 351 
Sarah, 306 

Edgerton, Abigail, 365 
Grace, 365 
Joseph, 353, 365 
Edmunds, Thomas, 132, 133 
Edmundson family, 393 
Caleb, 290 
Grace, 13 
Hannah, 399 
John, 13, 14, 15, 419 
Joseph, 419 
Joshua William, 14 
Mary, 2go 
Margaret, 14 
Thomas, 15, 290 
William, sketch of, 13-16 ; re- 
turns to England to confer with 
George Fox, 17; travels in 
the ministry and is imprisoned, 
18-19; removes to County 
Cavan and becomes a farmer, 
19; is instrumental in releas- 
ing Friends from prison, 26 ; 
assists in organizing Irish 
Quakerism, 27 ; champions 
cause of Friends during 
troubles between William and 
James, 29 ; his sufferings after 
Battle of the Hoyne, 30 ; his 
death, 31 ; mentioned, 58 \ 
loo, no, 218, 374, 393 
Edward, Jane, 311 
Elgar, Elizabeth, 39S 
Joseph, 39S 
Margaret, 39S 
Ellicott, Allen, 39S 
Elliott, Alexander, 421 
Elizabeth, 421 
Hannah, 298 
Ellis, Elizabeth, 424 

Simon, 386 
Ehnslic, John, 384 
Ely, George, 235 
Emerson, Lambert, 34I 
Emigration, obstructions to, 1 89 
Emlen, Ann, 327 
Hannah, 247 
Empson, Cornelius, 120 
England in the middle of the Seven- 
teenth Century, 3 
England, I'hilip, 279 
Engle, Abigail, 308 



English, Joseph, 140, 150 

Enniskillen, Siege of, 28 

Enogh, 429 

Equipment of House and Farm, 193- 

Errott, Francis, 28S 

WiUiam, 28S 
Erwin, AHce, 430 

Elizabeth, 430, 431 

John, 295 

Mar)', 296 

Thomas, 230, 399, 429, 430, 

Essex House, in, 113 
Estaugh, John, 141 
Eustace, Sir Morris, 26 
Evans, family, 357 

Ann, 350 

Evan, 132, 133, 142 

Esther, 420 

Eliza, 420 

Jesse, 351 

John, 132, 133, 431 

Joseph, 354 

Mary, 354, 420 

Margaret, 420 

Rachel, 365 

Rowland, 350 

Ruth, 420 

Samuel, 355 

Thomas, 420 

William, 160 
Everitt, Isaac, 418 

John, 418 

Martha, 41S 
Every, Daniel, 335 
Eves, Elizabeth, 357 

Hannah, 357 

John. 357 

Joseph, 357 

Mark, 294, 357 
Exeter Meeting, 109 
Expansion of Pennsylvania Quaker- 
ism southward and westward, 

FADE, James, 45 
Fagg's Manor, 144-145 
Fairlamb, Catharine, 30S 
Fairman, Thomas, mansion of, 107 ; 
141, 253 

Fairs, 75, 206-207 
Falkner, Jane, 397 

Jesse, 177, 397 
False reports go to Ireland, 71 
Famine year of 1729 in Ireland, 

48 _ 
Farquhar family, 396, 398-399 

Allen, 398 

Ann, 39S 

Benjamin, 39S 

Elizabeth, 398 

John, 396 

Mary, 396 

Rachel, 395 

William, 357, 39S 

William, 395 
Faucett family, 115, 307 

Grace, 113 

Richard, 362 

Thomas, 5o 

Walter, Sketch of, 1 13, II4 
Fayle, Joshua, 100 

Samuel, loo 

William 14, 393 
Fearne, Rebecca, 115 

Sarah, 384 
Fegan, James, 235 

Joshua, 386 
Fell, Lydia, 364, 405 

Margaret, 22 
Fenny iJrayton, 3 
Fenwick, John, 3S5 
Ferguson, William, 395, 396 
Ferree, John. 31S 

Leah, 398 
Ferris, Sarah, 342 
Fifth Monarchy men, Rising of, 25 
Fincher, John, 168, 370 

Francis, 165, 16S 

Hannah, 165 

Jane, 168, 370 

Rebecca, 419 
Fire-place, 193-19S 
Fioland, Thomas, 165 
First F'riends' Meeting in Penna., 

Firth, John, 301 
Fisher, Elizabeth, 371 

Martha, 261 

Thomas, 371 
Fitzwater, Sarah, 263 


hid ex 

Fletcher, Elizabeth, minister, visits 
Ireland, 19-20 
Jonathan, 408 
Sarah, 369 
Flower, Abigail, 334 
Mary, 334 
Richard, 322 
Food, 224 

Ford, Elizabeth, 355 
Forster, Susanna, 430 
Foster, Alice, 320 
Elizabeth, 330 
Margaret, 406 
Fothergill, John, 219 
Foukes, Richard, first meeting in 
Dublin held at his house, 20 
Foulk, Eneas, 402 
Fox, Christopher, 4 

George, sketch of, 3-6 ; men- 
tioned, 15 ; organizes Irish 
Quakerism, 27 ; suggests a 
Quaker Colony in America, 

50 ; 394 

Mary, 4 
Francis, Thomas, 269 
Frazier, or I'razer, Aaron, 419 

Alexander, 16S 

Ann, 406 

Deborah, 422 

Elizabeth, 422 

James, 168, 422 

Joshua, 422 

Moses, 337 

Rebecca, 422 
Fred or Fredd family, 308-309 

Benjamin, 60,130, 132, 133, 134, 
139, 210, 211, 223, 225, 229 

John, 117, 198-200, 211, 308, 


Katharine, 325 

Nicholas, 117, 308 

Rachel, 211, 325 
Free Society of Traders induces im- 
migration, 54 ; 147 
Freeman, John, 394 
Frizle, Jane, 426, 427 
Fuller, Abraham, 21S, 250, 2S1 

Capt. Abraham, 433 

Henry, 281 

Mary, 281 

Sydney Blanche, 433 

Funerals, 216-217 

Furnace family, 101 

John, loi 

r'AGE, Marcus, 432 

Garner, Elinor, 425 

George, 425 

Mary, 425 
Gamett, liartholomew, 420 

Jonatlian, 350 

Joseph, 136, 143, 297, 329, 


Mary, 350 

Thomas, 131, 132, 133, 134, 
136, 142, 196, 329 
Garretson, Alice, 167, 405 

Ann, 163, 165, 168, 404 

Christopher, 163 

Content, 163, 165, 168, 370 
404, 405, 

George, 107 

Jane, 404 

John, 163, 165, 16S, 404 

Joseph, 165, 168, 172, 177, 
214, 403, 419 

Martha, 165, 172 

Margaret, 404 

Mary, 172 

Naomi, 172 

Rebecca, 405 

Samuel, 167, 405 

Sarah, 31 1, 397 

William, 165, 166, 168, 169, 
172, i\\, 402 
Gause, Jonathan, 347 

William, 347 
Gavin, Jo., 100, 373 
Gawin, Joseph, 310 
George, Elizabeth, 365 

Ellen, 365 

Jane, 339 

Mar)', 365 
Gibbons, Ann, 373 

James, 373 

John, 116 
Gibson, Alice, 357, 360 
(iilbert, Susanna, 381 
Giljiin, Ann, 32S 

Joseph, 328 

Mary, 362 



(iilpin, Sarnli, 371, 379 

lilan, David, 369 

Glasford, Hugh, 317 
Jane, 317 
Margaret, 317 

Gnus, Elizabe b, 313 

GrofT, Charles, 393 

Goldney, Henrj', 139 

Goldsmith, George, 3S3, 3S4, 3S6, 

Goodbody, Ann, 292, 375 

Gould, Anne, minister, visits Ire- 
land, iS 

Graffiti, Margaret, 263 

Graham, Ferguson, 370 

Graves, see Greeves, Samuel, 123 

Gray, Abigail, 86, 411, 367, 425 
James, 234 
Samuel, 86, 411 
William, 86, 394, 411, 425 

Great Meeting House, Phil a., 108 

Great ^Rebellion of 1641, 8-9 

Great Valley of Chester County, 151, 

Greave, Sarah, 337 
Greaves, see Graves, Thomas, 366 
Green, Elizabeth, 282, 316 

Henry, 316 

Jane, 363, 400 

Joseph, 363, 364, 400 

John, 364 

Lydia, 364 

Margaret, 364 

William, 384 
Greenway, Robert, captain of ship 

IVekome, III, 279 
Greenfield, Hannah, 337 
Greenwood, James, 344, 393 
Greer family, 368, 391 

Elizabeth, 86, 87, 411, 412 

Jane, 300 

John, 293 

Mary, 86, 87, 367, 411, 412] 

Robert, 293, 369, 393, 420 

Sarah, 362 

Thomas, 86, 87, 98, 411, 412, 
420, 426 
Gregg family, 178, 179, 319, 334 

Dinah, 287 

George, 399, 431 

John, 130, 365 

Gregg, Lydia, 2S7 
Mary, 43 1 
Michael, 67-6S 
Thomas, 184, 2S7, 322, 393, 


William, 122, 399, 431 
Gribble, Nicholas, 375 

Sarah, 375 
Griest family, 404 

Ann, 404 

Hannah, 395 

Susanna, 397 

Willing, 404 
Griffin, John, 420 
Griffith family, 355-6, 404 

Abraham, 402, 403 

Ann, 395, 404 

Christopher, 160 

Elizabeth, 361 

Esther, 31S, 401 

Evan, 324 

Eve, 361, 395, 398 

Griffith, 424 

Joanna, 400, 401, 405 

John, 160, 318, 413, 416, 420 

Mary, 401, 420 

Ruth, 397, 405 

Susanna, 398 

Thomas, 86, 87, 35S, 361, 395, 
398, 411, 412, 426 

William, 165, 168, 400, 401, 
402, 404, 405 
Griffitts, Frances, 262, 288 

George, 262, 288 

Hannah, 263 

Isaac, 263 

Martha, 89, 288 

Mary, 263 

Thomas, sketch of, 262-263 ; 
Griggs, John, 333 
Gwynn, John, 401 
Hackel, Ed., 240 
Haddock {see Ilaydock), 

John, 368 

Margaret, 369 

Rebecca, 368 

William, 329 
Hadly or Hadley family, 179, 340 

Deborah, 309, 338, 340, 356 

Joseph, 223 



Hadly, John, 354 

Joshua, 309 

Katharine, 2i6, 33S 

Ruth, 336 

Sarah, 309, 356 

Simon, 132, 133, 134-S, 137. 
196, 211, 216, 229, 236, 309, 
338. 340 
Hainan, EMzabeth, 353 
Haines, Joseph, 236 

Joseph, 337 

Miriam, 337 

Patience, 326 

Ruth, 326 
Haldon, John, 300 
Halhead, Miles, minister, visits Ire- 
land, 16 
Hall, John, 389 
Halliday family, 336 

Ann, 323 

Deborah, 211, 336, 337 

Jacob, 337 

James, 410 

Margaret, 326 

Phebe, 337 

Rachel, 348 

Robert, 337, 344 

William, 131, 132, 133, 135, 
136, 193,211,223,336,337, 
Hambridge, Row : , loi 
Hamel, James, 348 
Hamilton. Thomas, 174 
Hammond, Alice, 396 

Deborah, 397 

Klizabeth, 397 

John, 397 
Hampton, Michael, 367 

William, 425 
Hancock, Ann, 3S0 

Mary, 431 
Hannum, Col. John, 306 
Hansell, Samuel, 267 
Hanson Jonathan, 326 
Harding, Elizabeth, 39I 

Ann, 392 

Dorothy, 391 

John, 39t 

Mary, 330 
HarKin family, 179, 320-332 

Aaron, 129, 193 

Harlan, Abigail, 334 

A. H., 322 

Deborah, 318 

Dinah, 320 

Elizabeth, 315, 318, 320 

George, letter of, 62-63 ! 
122, 123, 126, 1 28, 129, 149, 
150, 176, 193, 195,217,315, 
318, 320 

Ezekiel, 12S, 129, 146, 147, 

Hannah, 315 

Isabella, 320 

James, 129, 320 

Joshua, 129 

Margaret, 176 

Michael, 122, 129, 143, 226, 
287, 319, 320 

Moses, 129, 143, 176, 

Stephen, 149 

Susanna, 2S7 

Thomas, 319, 320 

William, 146 
Harris family, 395, 397 

Elizabeth, 397 

Nathan, 396 

Roger, 304 

Sarah, 304 
Harrison, James, 313 

Nicholas, 313 
Harry, Ann, 331 
Hartley, Jane, 342 

Thomas, 342 
Harvey, Elizabeth, 397 

Thomas, 393 
Harvests, 226 
Harwood, John, 239 
Hatton, Lettice, 293 
Hawkins, Elizabeth, 294 

William, 308 
Hawley, lienjamin, 117 
Haydock family, 361-362 

(see IKiddock) Walter, 361 
Hayes, Stephen, 214 

Mary. 335 
Hayling, Mary, 267 
Heacock, M.ary, 289 
Head, Henjamin, 304, 339 

Mary, 69, 211, 305,339 

Sarah, 305 
Ileald, Elizabeth, 316 



Heald, Mary, 321 

Sarah, 321 
Hearlam, Jane, 300 
Hearth, 193-195 
Hempfield Meeting, 162 
Hetherington, Abigail, 2SS 
Hewitt family, 379, 381 

George. 176, 397 

Jacob B., 397 

Joseph, 176, 381 
Henderson, James, 362 

Katharine, 2S6, 301, 34S, 391 

Margaret, 348 

Mary, 430 

Patrick, 97, 301, 394 

S., 234 

Sarah, 391, 430, 432 

the Widow, 430 

Thomas, 97 

William, 292 
Hendrick, Jacob, Swede, of N. J., 

Hendricks, family, 396 

Hannah, 396 

Martha, 3S0 

Mary, 380 

Patience, 3S0 
Henry, Robert, 362 
Heron, Alexander, 409 
Herriott, John, 279 
Heston, Zebulon, iSl 
Hibberd, Joseph, 398 

Phebe, 39S 
Hicks, Thomas, 371 
Hiett, family, 178, 179, 360 

Elizabeth, 360 

Thomas, 356, 360 
Hill, Ann, 360 

Deborah, 337 

James, 296 

John, 402 

Margaret, 296 

Richard, 96 

Samuel, 360 

Sarah, 389 
Hillary, Christopher, 285, 313 

Dorothy, 313 

Francis, 285, 323, 410 

Henry, 2S5 

Marmaduke, 285 

Mary, 281 

Hillary, Nathaniel, 285 

Samuel, 285 
Hind, James, 304 

Ruth, 304 
Hinkson, Jane, 308 

John, 308 
Hinton, Percy, 420 
Hinshaw family, 179, 366-9 

Ann, 402 

Dorothy, 426 

Elizabeth, 426 

Jacob, 98, 174, 176, 356, 362, 
366, 402, 426, 427 

John, 362, 426, 427 

Margaret, 362 

Mary, 362 

Rebecca, 356, 366, 402 

Thomas, 402, 426 

William, 402 
Hoaker or Hooper, Hugh, 75 
Hoare, Samuel, 152 
Hobson family, 167, 179, 1S4, 329- 

330, 3S1 
Ann, 421, 426, 427 
Benjamin, 372 
Elizabeth, 329 
Francis, 132, 133, 136, 171, 

176, 199.329.345. 367.381, 
393, 416, 421, 426 

Hannah, 416 

John, 416 

Joseph, 416 

Lawrence, 372 

Martha, 78 

Phebe, 212, 421 

Richmond P., 171 

Ruth, 416 

Sarah, 41 6 

William, 416, 425 
Hockley, Ann, 420 

Henry, 420 

Hester, 420 
Hockessin Meeting, 121 
Hodgen, George, 392 
Hodgin, Robert, 164, 165 

Theodate, 168 
Hodgkinson, Ann, 392 

Eleanor, 392 

John, 392 
Hodgson family, 396 

George, 313 



Hodgson, James, 396 
Hogg, John, 387 

Patrick, 425 
Holcomb, b'.lizaheth, 384 

Ricliard, 256 
Holding, John, 393 
Holems, William, 431 
Holland, Henry, 405 

Henry, 364 

Lydia, 364, 405 

Patrick, 301 
Hollin, Richard, 410 
HoUingsworth family, 178, 179, 311- 

Ann, 311, 322 

Catharine, 215 

Henry, 60, lOI, 127, 130, 312, 
320, 322 

Lydia, 322 

Mary, 319 

Samuel, 117, 321, 342 

Thomas, 122. 123, 31S 

Valentine, 62, 117, llS, I20, 
122, 123, 126, 129, 159, 311, 
318, 322 
Holm, Patrick, 98 
Holme, Benjamin, letter of, 67 ; 211 

Eleanor, 256 

Esther, 256 

Michael, 256 

Sarah, 256 

Thomas, sketch of, 247-256 ; 
44. 277. 278 

Tryall, 256 
Holmes, Isabel, 339 
Hoope or Hoopes family, 392 

Eleanor, 63, 320 

Isabella, 3S1 

John, 323 

Mary, 355, 431 

Robert, 63, 313, 320, 322, 323, 
392, 410 

Ruth, 431 
Hooper, Nicholas, 73, 78 
Hoopes, William, 235, 371 
Hope, Thomas, 126 
Hopewell Meeting, Va., 17S 
llorne, William, 19S 
Horner, Mary, 410 
Horseman, Charles, 402 

Eli, 402 

Hospitality of Old Settlers, iSS 
House Huilding, 190-193 
Houston, Anthony, 132, 133 
Houghton, John, 320 

Martha, 315 
Houlton, Nathaniel, 328 
How, Abraham, 403 
Howe, Rachel, 422 
Howell, Charles, 79, 290 

Cicorge, 292 

William, 287 
Howgill, Francis, minister, visits 

Ireland, 20-24 
Hoy, Ralph, 29I 
Hudson, Edward, 393, 394 

Hannah, 294 
Hugg family, 386 

Jolin, 353, 386 
Hughes, Amy, 370 

Samuel, 199 
Huse, William, 132, 133 
Hunt, Samuel, diarist, 197 
Hunter, James, 160, 289, 37S 

Jane, 306 

John, 371, 378, 399 

Peter, 289, 304 

William, 37S 
Huntington Meeting, 1 72-173 
Hume, Isabel, 238 

James, 23S 
Ilurst, John, 3S4 

Hussey, Ann, 163, 165, 172, 402, 

Christopher, 165, 168, 419 

Edith, 177, 4X9 

Elizabeth, 419 

Hannah, 406, 419 

Jane, 290, 405 

Jediali, 290, 405 

John, 120, 290 

Lydia, 346 

Margaret, 165 

Miriam, 419 

Nathan, 163, 165, 168, 177 

Record, 419 
Hutchinson, I'riscilla, 302 
Hutton family, 184, 327, 330- 

Benjamin, 366 

Deborah, 340 

John, 64, 66, 167, 339, 347 



Hutton, Joseph, 64, 66, 131, 132, 

133. 136. 166, 167, 199, 211, 

225, 3fao, 395 
Joel, 381 
Levi, 397 
Mary, 211, 309 
Neheniiah, 65, 66, no, 211. 

212, 22J, 225,328, 340 
Samuel, 171, 395 
Thomas, letters of, 61, 64-67 ; 

110, 360, 394, 395 
William, 171 

TGNEW, Andrew, 327 

^ Maiy, 327 

Immigrants, assisted by meetings, in 
Penna., 95-9S ; in Ireland, 9S 

Immigration to Pennsylvania, induce- 
ments for {stc William Penn), 

Indented servants, see Redemptioners 

Indians, Newlin's difficulty with, 

Ingram, Leathe, I97 

" Inner Light," 4 

Intemperance, 223-226 

Inventories, 195-201 

Ireton succeeds Cromwell in Ire- 
land, 10 

Irish Quakers on Welcome, III 

Irish Quakers well adapted for 
pioneer life, 189-187; mostly 
of English stock, 1S7 

Irish Tenth of West Jersey, 42 

Irish Friends return to Ireland on 
business trips, 60 

Irish landholders dispossessed and 
driven into Province of Con- 
naught, in 1652, II 

Isickers, Valentine, 172 

Istariot, James, 230 

JACKSON family, 179, 335, 341, 

-' 349-350 

Ann, 211, 328, 348, 349 

Anthony, 349 

Caleb, 348 

Dorothy, 373 

Elizabeth {see Pike), 

Isaac, 71, 32S, 337, 349, 357 

James, 357 

Joseph, 3 2$ 

Jackson, John, 306, 310, 325, 337 

Jeremiah, 349 

Mary, 211 

Martha, 426, 427 

Richard, 349, 374 

Ruth, 347 

Sarah, 337 

Samuel, 159, 161, 211, 347 

Richard, 349, 374 

Rebecca, 328, 348, 349 

Thomas, 131, 132, 133, 135, 
136, 137, 146, 199, 201, 209- 
212, 214, 217, 225, 229, 236, 

309. 340, 357. 373 

William, 357 
Jacob, Caleb, 283 
Elizabeth, 283 
Isaac, 2S9 
Rebecca, 289, 

Thomas, 303 
Jacobs, Richard, 291 

Thomas, 315 
James II., Accession of, 28; Invades 

Ireland, 29 
James, Ann, 420 

Samuel, 424 
Janney, Susan, 370 
Jarvis or Jervis family, 38S 

Charles, 38S 

John, 388 

Martin, 294, 3S8 

Sarah, 294 
Jay, William, 405 

Jemmison, Dr. David, of York, Pa., 
I 381 

Jenkin, Jacob, 420 
Jervis, see Jarvis 
Job, Andrew, 158, 236 
John, Hannah, 290 

Samuel, 290, 420 
Johnson family, 179, 326, 338 

Abigail, 393 

Elizabeth, 393 

James, 21 1 

Joseph, 326 

Joshua, 326 

Margaret, 210, 211 

Mary, 323 

Richard, 393 

Robert, 132, 133, 136, 210, 2U, 
216, 326 

460 Index 

Johnson, William, 217, 298 
Jones, Ann. 363 

Arthur, 211, 339 

Cadwallader, 420 

Content, 405 

Edward, 405 

Francis, 303 

Griffith, 27S 

Henry, 336 

Isaac, 267 

James, 419 

Jane, 405 

John, 97 

Mary, 422 

Phebe, 326 

Susan, 398 

Susanna, 381 

Thomas, 279 
Jordan, John, 32S 
Journey to new home, 189 

KEAN, William, 199 
Keimer, Samuel, 219 
Keith, George, 239, 2S1 
Kell, Ann, 390 

David, 367, 390, 425, 426, 427 

John, 426, 427 

Margery, 425 

Mary, 425 
Kelly, Joseph, 199 

Mary, 401 
Kenedy (see Canady), Hugh, 98 
Kennett Monthly Meeting, 125-130 
Kennett, origin of name, 128 
Kennett Square, 129 
Kennett Township, 128-130 
Kenworthy, Joshua, 168, 172 

Rebecca, 172 
Kerr, Joseph, 86, 87, 411, 412 
Kilmore, Friends convinced at, iS 
King, Abigail, 86, 87, 411, 412 

Deborah, 328 

John, 362 

Merrick, 328, 329, 394 

Richard, 329 

Thomas, 409 
Kirk family, 177, 17S, 1S4, 322-325 

Alphonsus, 119, 122, 157, 207- 
208, 227, 320, 321 

Abigail, 208 

Deborah, 313, 320, 410 

Kirk, Dinah, 313 

Elizabeth, 320 

Jacob, 167, 355,357, 410 

Jane, 326 

Rachel, 331 

Rebecca, 357 

Robert, 320 410 

Roger, 157, 227, 320, 410 

Samuel, 311, 410 

Thomas, 201 

Timothy, 152, 156, 157, 167, 
208,223,313, 320, 331, 393, 
410, 412, 417, 420 

William, 156, 208, 412, 413, 
416, 417, 420 
Kitchien, John, 199 
Koch, Jacob, 397 
Kolc, Isaac, 41S 
Kneller, Sir Godfrey, 388 
Knight, John, 286 

Margery, 286, 287 

Thomas, 286 
Knox, Andrew, 393 

T ACY, John, iSi 

■'-' Dago, Mar)-, see Mar)' Fox 

Laird, Jacob, 404 

Jane, 404 
Lamb's Fold, 429 
Lampley, Judith, 315 
Lancaster, James, minister, visits 
Ireland, 16 

Isabel, 407 

John, 288 
Lancaster County, 159-162 
Lander, William, 301 
Langbrce, Thomas, 393 
Lashly, George, 149, 150 
Lawder, or Lander, William, 408,409 
Lawlessness of the Itish Catholics 

a cause of emigration, 45 
Latchew, ICve, 396 
Laybuurn, Joseph, 328, 330, 33I 

Rachel 328, 331 

Samuel, 64 
Leacock Meeting, 161 
Leazc, Hannah, 336 
Lecky, Jane, 305 

Mary, 305 

Robert, 305 
Lee, Amos, 373 



Leech, Joseph, 405 

Phebe, 290, 346 

Richard, 363 

Sarah, 290, 363 

Thomas, 290, 346, 363 
Leeds, Daniel, 383 
Lennox, John, 425 

Robert, 426 
Leonard, Richard, 366 
Letilia's Manor, 127-12S, 130, I32 
Letters to and from Ireland 62-79, 

89-92, 230, 374-375 
Lewis, Ann, 365 

Curtis, 326 

Ellis, 149, 150 

Elizabeth, 150 

Hannah, 373, 384 

Henr\-, 233 
Lightfoot family, 338-340 

Benjamin, no 

Catharine, 356, 39S 

Eleanor, 352 

Jacob, 2U 

Margaret, 329 

Mary, 343 

Michael, 131, 132, 133, 135, 
137, 152. 195, 196, 211, 229, 

236, 332. 339, 343, 352 
Samuel, 152, 211 
Sarah, 332 
Thomas, 60, 70, 139, 152, 211, 

21S-219, 236, 329, 33S, 356 
William, 60, 61, 349 
Lindley family, 179, 336 
Deborah, 193, 337 
Eleanor, 211, 336 
Jacob, 336, 337, 352 
James, 75, 78, 131, 132, 133, 

134, 136, 142, 143, 161, 210, 

211, 216,229,236,336,337; 

inventory of, 200 
Jonathan, 337 
Mabel, 194 
Mary, 352 
Sarah, 211, 352 
Thomas, 69, 161, 227, 291, 

305, 336 
Little, Elizabeth, 297 
Littler, Samuel, 236 
Lloyd, David, leader of Popular 

Party, 242 

Lloyd, Hannah, 342 
Robert, loi 
Thomas, 256 
Loe, Thomas, minister, visits Ire- 
and converts William Penn, 
27, 250 
Logan, Hannah, 237 

Isabelle, 237-240, 319 
James, 36, 127, 130, 145, I4S ; 
sketch of, 237-247 ; autobi- 
ography, 238-240 ; Gov. of 
Pa., 241 ; leader of Proprie- 
tory Party, 241-242 ; relations 
witii Indians, 242; literary 
pursuits, 243 ; personal ap- 
pearance, 245 ; unsuccessful 
courtship, 245-247 ; marriage 
and death, 247 ; his runaway 
servant, I02 ; 266, 282 
Patrick, 36, 237, 238, 239, 240 
Sarah, 247 
William, 23S, 247 
Log house. The, 192-193 
London Grove Meeting House, 143 
Township, 1 32, 136-I43 
Meeting, 143 
Monthly Meeting, 139 
Land Company, 132, 139-141 
Londonderry, Friends convinced at, 
Siege of, 28 
Long, Mary, 423 
Rachel, 423 
Robert, 423 
Longshore, William, 405 
Longstreth, Ann, 302 

Jane, 302 
Louge, William, loi 
Love, Alexander, 349 
Faithful, 37S 

James, 160, 171, 177, 378 
Low, John, 277, 293, 353 
Joseph, 277 
Joshua, 167 
Lowden family, 334-335 

John, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 
195-196, 217, 229, 329, 334 
Margaret, 1 36, 329, 334 
William, 226, 228-231, 335 
Richard, 335 
Lowden vs. Smith, case of, 228—231 



Lucken, Margaret, 301 
Ludlow, 10 
Lufle, lulward, 96 
Lurgan, i'dmundsons settle at, 15 ; 
meeting established at, in 
1654, 16 
Lurting, Thomas, Quaker sea cap- 
tain, 42, 383 
MAcCONNKLI., Daniel, 321 
MacElcoshkcr, Kdniund, 424 
Mackey family, 424-428 

Ann, 367, 381 

Benjamin, 367 

John, 367 

Joseph, 367, 381 

Martha, 337 

Mary, 3S9 

Rebecca, 367, 402 
MacWard, Miles, 102 
Maddon, Robert, 367 
Malcum (see Millcum), John, 300 
Malin family, 314 

Joseph,' 351 

Randal, 314, 336 

Mary, 336 

Rachel, 336 
Malone, William, 64 

" Little Tom," 64 
Man, Ann, 335 

Francis, 335 

Judith, 335 
Manchester Meeting, see Newberry 
Manor of Steyning, 127-128, 130, 

Mantz, Elizabeth, 396 
Map of Newlin Township, 149 
Mark, Isabel, 286 
Markets, 206-207 
Maris, George, 1 15 

Hannah, 322 
Marlborough Township, Chester 

County, 143-147 
Mnrlnee, Jared, 406 
Marriage Certificate, The, 210-211 
Marriages, 209-215 
Marsh family, 406-424 

Abigail, 85, 88 

Elizabeth, 88, 89, 376, 399 

Cieorge, 342 

Henry, 349 

Jane, 349, 363, 401 

Marsh, John, S5-S8, 155, 171, 376, 
Jonathan, 85, 88, 171, 402 
Joshua, 84-88, 155, 171, 376, 


Peter, 85, 88, 161, 402 

Rachel, 349 

Ruth, 427 

William, 171, 349 
Marshall (also Marshill), Abigail, 

Abram, 131, 132, 133, 211 

Abraham, 149, 150 

Ann, 199, 217, 224. 356 

Benjamin, 85, 86, 87, 98, 367, 
372, 411,412, 426 

Deborah, 293 

Jacob, 84,85,86, 87,356,359, 
368, 372, 411, 412, 420, 

John, 356 

Josejjh, 368, 372, 426 

Mary, 367 

Richard, 393 

Ruth, 368 

Margaret 356, 368 

Sarah, 293 

Thomas, 310 

William, 356 
Martin, Joseph, 341 

Ruth, 211, 341 

Sarah, 329 

Thomas, 329 
Maryland, Irish Kriends in, 42 
Massey, Daniel, 284 

George, 35 1 

Samuel, 48, 93, 285 

Sarah, 93, 2S4 
Matthews, Mathew, or Matlics fam- 
ily. 391 

Alexander, 409, 410 

Elizabeth, 378 

(jeorgc, 326 

Jean, 279 

Joan, 410 

Margaret, 199 

Marv, 321 

< )livcr, 398 

Richard, 425 

Sarah, 32() 

William, 177 



Mauliiin, Col. Francis, 315 

Ann, 315 
Maule, Kethia, 238 

William, 238 
May, John, 234, 235 
Mayne, lienjamin, 287 
Mayson, Richardson, 393 
McAdams, John, 402 
McAnabley, Sarah, 165 
McAnele, Charles, 165 
McCann, David, 367 
McClun or McClung, 34 
Elizabeth, 353 
Sarah, 347 
Thomas, 160, 353 
McCoIlura, Thomas, 213 
McComb, John, 2S0, 2S1 
McCool family, 33, 179 
Gabriel, 389 
James, 3S9 
John, 3S9 
Olivia, 343, 3S9 
William, 342 
McConnell, John, 406 
McCrannall, Patrick, 367 
McCreary family, 397 
David, 397 
Hannah, 346 
Sarah, 346 
McCurdy, D., 234 

Daniel, 235 
McFerran, Elizabeth, 3S0 
McGrew family, 3S0-3S1 
Alexander, 184 
Deborah, 361 
Elizabeth, 174 
Finley, 174, 184, 3S0 
James, 183, 227, 361, 3S0 
Mary, 361 
Nathan, 361 
Simon, 183 
McKenell, Mary, 425 

Mongow, 425 
McKetrick or McKitrick, Hannah, 
Jonas, 367, 381 
Mary, 38 1 
McKinley, Mrs. Ida Saxton, 321 

William, late Pres. of U. S., 321 
McKoy, Mary, 215 
Robert, 215 

McMillan, McMollin, or McMuUen 
family, 34, 184, 399-406 
Abigail, 346 
Deborah, 363, 376, 399, 414 

416, 419, 420 
Enos, 397 
George, l6q, 171, 201-202, 

233-235. 367. 419 
Jacob, 397 
James, 363 
Jane, 346, 363, 419 
John, 171, 346, 363, 419 
Mary, 419 
Rebecca, 214 
Ruth, 397 
Smith Bell, 202 
Sarah, 397 
Thomas, 156, 169, 363, 376, 

399. 416, 417, 420, 422 
William, 170, 171^ 399 
McNabb, 34 

Dorothy, 354 
Elizabeth, 354 
Jane, 354, 370 
John, 354 
William, 160, 354 
McNamee, JJarnabas, 184, 377 
McNiece or McNice, 34 

Lsaiah, 97, 295 
McQuillan, 35 

McRannell or McRaunells, John, 
230, 359 
Joseph, 376 
Meetings for Worship, 217-220 
Meetings for Business, 217-222 
Meeting Discipline, 222-233 
Melvin, Andrew, 393 

Sarah, 378 
Men, work of on farm, 205 
Menallen Meeting, 173-176 
Mendenhall, Aaron, 373 
Abner, 287 
Elizabeth, 302 
George, 373 
John, 153, 302 
Rose, 373 
Mento, George, 394 
Meredith, John, 427 
Joseph, 427 
Katharine, 427 
Reece, 132, 133 



Mercer, Richard, 394 

Ruth, 365 
Method of I'uvchasing Land, 189 
Michener, Dr. Ezra, 133 

Kllwood, 131, 133 
Mickle family, 277, 357-358, 

Archibald, 277 

John, 174, 213, 277, 357 

Robert, 176, 333, 357 

William, 235 
Middlcton, Hugh, 382 
MidldIT, Esther, 207 
MitBin, Mrs. Hannah, 396 
Milhous family, 1 79, 535 

Peter, 172 

Sarah, 355 

Thomas, 132, 133, 134, 152, 

293. 355. 356 
Mililcen, Mary, 29S 
Millcum, (Malcum or Milcomb), 
Ann, certilicale of, 56-57, 300 
Miller family, 325-32S, 347, 356- 

Ann, 396, 398 
Benjamin, 318 
Catharine, 309, 355, 398 
Deborah, 334 
Gayen, 126, 128, 129, 131, 132, 

136, 211, 309.325. 338, 348 
Grizel, 2S5 

Hannah, 336 

Henry, 291, 302 

James, 137, 199, 236, 309, 325, 

336, 339. 341. 355. 356, 373. 

398, 405 
Jennett, 430 
John, 13!, 132, 133, 135, 136, 

137, 196, 198, 325, 331, 332 
Joseph, 324 

Margaret, 211, 325, 338, 347, 

Martha, 211, 318 
Mary, 136, 211,331,332, 347 
Robert, 153, 167, 394, 405 
Richard, 355 
Ruth, 346 
Samuel, 167, 228, 330, 332, 

Sarah, 211, 302, 332,338, 355, 

William, 336 

Military Service, 231-233 
Mills, Mary, 346 

I'hebe, 346 

Robert, 346 
Minnich, Daniel, 396 
Minshall, Ann, 348 

Hannah, 363 

John, 348 
Mires, Eleazer, 168 
Mode, Alexander, 337, 371 

Hannah, 371 

Rebecca, 371 
Monocacy Meeting, Md., 178 
Montgomery, Alexander, 337 
Montgomery County, 109 
Monthly Meeting, 221-222 
Moody, John, 234, 235 

Samuel, 235 
Moone, Paul, 238 

Moony (see O'Mooney), Neal, 199 
Moore family, 348-349, 428-433 

Andrew, 159, 161, 164, 336 

Daniel, 310 

James, 165, 230, 297, 347, 348, 

37', 394. 399 

Jane, 401 

Joseph, 401 

Lawrence, 393 

Mary, 213 

Robert, 174 

Ruth, 401 

William, 2S7, 399 
Moore Lodge, 432, 433 
Morris, Ann, 406 

Anthony, 96 

James, 2.S7 
Morthland, Charles, 419 

Hugh, 419 

Mary, 4 19 

Rebecca, 419 

Ruth, 419 

Samuel, 402, 
Morton family, 354 

Deborah, 3S1 

Elinor, 354 

James, 410, 426 

John, 176, 369, 381,^410 

Mary, 381 

Richard, 378 

Samuel, 354, 369 

William, 354, 425 



Moss, Joseph, 256 
Mountrath, Earl of, 26 
Mulleanoux, Edward, 16S 
Mulligan, David, 330 
Murray, Earl of, 238 

Ann, 35S 

John, 358 
Musgrove family, 179, 31S 

Hannah, 154, 302 

lame?, 22S 

John, 119, 159. 213. 22S, 313, 
31S, 32^ 

Joseph, 129 

Martha, 326 

Thomas, 63, 154 
Myers, John T., 405 

Sarah A. (Cook), 405 

MANTMEAL Meeting, 156 
•'■' Nash, James, 342 
Naylor, James, 15 
Neal family, 366 

Dorothy, 372 

Henry, 354, 366 

Robert, 366 

William, 372, 374 
Nehinger, Mary, 39S 
Need, Ann, 309 

Joseph, 309 
Nelson, Samuel, 235 
Nevitt or Nevet family, 366 

Ann, 380 

Elizabeth, 3S0 

Ellen, 374 

Hannah, 379, 402 

Isaac, 3S0 

John, 297, 310 

Joseph, 365, 379 

Mary, 365, 379 

Ruth, 3S0 

Thomas, 160, 176, 365, 366, 
374, 3S0 

William, 171, 379-3S0, 402 
Newark Meeting, 118-120 
Newark Monthly Meeting, 125-130 
Newberry Meeting, 163-167 
Newberry, Nathaniel, 152 
Newby or Newbie family, 3S6-387 

John. 339 

Mark, 42, 278, 382, 383, 384, 


Newby, Martha, 332 

Mary, 339 
New Castle County on Delaware, 

118, 132 
New Castle Meeting, 120 
New Garden Meeting, County Car- 
low, Ireland, 130 
New Garden Meeting, I'a., 136-138 
New Garden Monthly Meeting, Pa., 

138-139; records of, 139 
New Garden Township, Chester 

County, 130-136 
New Garden Dinner Table, A, in 

1714, 197 
New Jersey, Irish Friends in, 42, 383 
Newlin family, 179, 184 
Ann, 380 

John, 58, 149, 150. 308 
Nathaniel, 58, 116, 147-150, 

207. 273, 308 
Nicholas, 57-59, 116, 271-273, 

William, 176 
Newlin Township, Chester County, 

147-150; map of, 149 
Nichol, Ann, 404 
Nichols, James, 334 
John, 333, 334 
Nicholson, James, 100, 373 
John, 367, 393 
Joseph, 294 

Thomas, 86, 87, 411, 412 
William, 294, 295, 425 
Noblet, Ann, 165, 168 

John, 165, 168 
Norris, Isaac, 247, 262, 288 

Mary, 262 
Norton, Edward, 376 

Mary, 376 
Nottingham Meeting, 156-159 
j Nowlan, James, 331 

OATHS, testimony against, a cause 
of emigration, 44 
Oborn, Susanna, 322 
I Ogden, Jonathan, 315 
1 O'Hara Brook, 429 
jO'Heil, 35 
I Old Court House, 108 
I Oldest House in Penna., 115 
i Oley Meeting, see Exeter 



Oliver, Margaret, 296 I 

Robert, 292 
O'Maghan, Edward, 313 ' 

O'Mooney (j« Moony) family, 34, 354 

Ann, 354 

James, 354 ( 

Neal, 160, 354, 366 

Sarah, 366 
Opequan Meeting, j« Hopewell 
Organization of Quakerism in Ire- 
land, 27 
Origin of Irish Friends, 32-37 
Orrery, Earl of, 26 
Outfit of Farm, 198 
Owen, Griffith, 130 

John, 324 

Nathaniel, 266, 267 

Philotesia, 266 

Sarah, 318 

Theophilus, 318 

PACKER, Ann, 419 
Philip, 419 
Pack horses, 189 
Palmer, Ann, 377 

John, 377 

Martha, 377 

Mary, 377 

Moses, 334 
Pain or Paine, Hannah, 373 

Thomas, 154, 372 
Painter, Ann, 337 

Hannah, 337 

Patience, 337 

Thomas, 337 
Panmure, Earl of, 238 
Parke family, 69, 70, 305-306 

Abel, 72 

James Pemberton, 70 

Jonathan, 72, 305 

Mary, 305, 350 

Rebecca, 351 

Robert, letter of, 69-79:93,101, 


Susanna, 305 

Thomas, 69, 153, 305, 336, 35 1 
Parker, Ann, 387 

Elizabeth, 297 

Thompson, 355 
Parks, John, 353 

Richard, 286, 353 

Parks, Susanna, 286 
Parrish, John, iSl 
Parrock, James, 386 
Parvin family, 351-35 2 

Francis; no, 339, 340, 35 1 
John, 60, 308 
Thomas, 376 
Passage, Cost of, 98-99 
Passmore, John A. M., 348 
Mary, 212 
William, 287 
Paterson, Ann, 392 
John, 295 
Katharine, 392 
Robert, 392 
Pearce, Richard, of Limerick, be- 
comes a Quaker, 24 
Pearson {set Pierson), Benjamin, 352 
Deborah, 35 1 
Edith, 352 
John, 377 
Lancelot, 410 
Lawrence, 352 
Margaret, 377 
Mary, 352,' 377 
William, 313 
Peckett, James, 419 
Peckover, Edmund, travelling min- 
ister, 160 
Pedrick, Elizabeth, 303 
Peel, John, 2S3, 

Luke, 2S3 
Pemberton, Israel, 48, 67, 97 

James, 306 
Penn, Letitia, 127, 128; j« Aubrey 
Sir William, 50 
Thomas, 144, 240 
William, converted to Quaker- 
ism, 27 ; founder of Pennsyl- 
vania, 50-53 ; his charter, 
50-51; his scheme of coloni- 
zation. 51 ; constitution and 
laws, 51-52 ; growth of Penn- 
sylvania, 52 ; his invitation to 
emigrants, 52 ; his personal 
influence in Ireland, 53; ar- 
rival in Pennsylvania in 1682, 
III ; 139, 240 
William, Jr., 127, 130 
Pennington, Edward, 1 27 
Pennock family, 184 



Pennock, Alice, 357 

Christopher, 2 So 

Joseph, 144-145 ; his letter, 
145-146; 225, 280, 357,371 

Mar>', 280 

Mary, 357 

Nathaniel, 146 
Pennsylvania (see William Penn), 
inducements for immigration 
to, 50-So 
Penrose family, 2S9 

Abigail, 290 

Amos, 290 

Dorothy, 357 

Hannah, 290, 397 

Jane, 290, 346 

John, 290, 359, 362 

Jonathan, 362 

Mary, 290 

Phebe, 290, 346 

Robert, 350, 357 

Susanna, 290 

Thomas, 290 

William, 169, 362 
Perkinson, James, 233, 234, 235 
Persecutions, 25-27 
Pettard, Humphrey, 361, 407 
Pettitt, Benjamin, 346 
Pha}Te, Colonel, Governor of Cork, 

Philadelphia Meeting, 107-109 
Phillips family, 406 

Charles, 168 

Henry, 417 

Jane, 422 

Mrs. Annie, 396 
Phoenixville, foimded by Irish 

Quakers, 154 
Physicians' charges, 217 
Pidgen or Pidgeon, Charles, 1 74 

Isaac, 364 

Joseph, 262 

Mary, 262 

William, 85 
Pierce, Ann, 404 

Caleb, 228 

Henry, 1 28 

Jacob, 2S7 
Pierson, Rose, 320 

Thomas, 119, 320 
Piercy, Richard, 250 

Pikeland Township, 150-152 
Pike fam-ly, 150 

Anne, 151 

Benjamin, 151 

Ebenezer, 151-341 

Elizabeth, 150-15 1, 152 

Joseph, of Cork, owner of New- 
lin Township, 150 ; life of, 

Mary, 15 1, see Beale 

Rachel, 151 

Richard, 150-15 1, 152, 153 

Samuel, 151 

Sarah, 1 51 
Pillar, James, S4, 85, 86, S7, 98, 

366, 411, 412, 420 

Man', 86, 87, 411, 412 

William, 171, 380 
Pim family, 372-375 

Elizabeth, 393 

Hannah, 326 

John, of Belfast, J. P., 35, 280 

Richard, 153 

Susanna, 393 

Thomas, 153 

Tobias, 393 

William, 100, 153, 199, 201 
Pittendorff, Susanna, 396 
Places in Ireland whence Friends 

came, 81-82 
Places of embarking and landing, S9 
Places of settlement, 105-106 
Plantations of Queen ^Iary, 7 ; of 

James I., 7 ; of Charles I., 8 ; 

of Oliver Cromwell, 10-12 
Pleadnell, John, 375 

Mary, 372, 374 

Thomas, 375 

.Tobias, 58-59, 375 

William, 372, 374 
Plum, George, 389 
Plummer, Dr., 39S 
Poell, William. 426 
Polk, William W., 67 
Pope, Elizabeth, 174 

John, 172, 174, 231 

Samuel, 174 
Porter, William, 62, 63, 320, 323, 

Potter, William, 234 
Potts, Jonathan, 397 



Poultney, Benjamin, 306 
Pow, Mary, 86, 87, 411 
Powell, Arlhiir, 277 

Elizabeth, 172, 360 

Kvan, 35S 

Hugh, 424 

John, 172 

Joseph, 360 

Mary, 360 

Sarah, 358 

Thomas, 172, 318 
Power, Mary, 211 
Price, Elizabeth, 165, 326 

John, 417 

Rachel, 207-208, 324 
Pringle, Sarah, 345 
Pritchett, Elizabeth, 318 
Proctor, Richard, 174 

Sarah, 1 72 
Protestant workmen leave Ireland, 

Prowell, Ann, 404 
Pugh, James, 417 
Purdy, Susanna, 373 

Tliomas, 372 

William, 372 
Pusey, Caleb, 115, 139, I43, 211, 

236, 303 
Lydia, 351 
Phebe, 371 
Pyle, Abigail, 334 

Elizabeth, 309, 316 

Mrs. Emma Wickersham, 402 

Hannah, 366 

James, 366 

Mary, 334 

Nicholas, 334 

William, 316 

Quakerism, Beginnings of, 3-6 
yuare, Daniel, 139 
Quarry, Robert, leader of Church 

Party, 242 
Quarterly Meeting, 220-221 

O ACIAL origin of Friends of Ire- 

i^ land 


Radley, Joseph, formerly Head- 
master of Ulster Provincial 
School, 34 

Kaford, Lewis, 431 

Rail, Hannah, 358 

Rake, Grace, 385 

Randall, Samuel, 25S 

Raney, Sarah, 405 

Rankin, John, 226 

Raper or Roper, Ann, 372-373 

Christopher, 58, 372-373 
" Rapparees," II, 30 
Rawle, Francis, 262 
Rea, Rce, or Ray family, 391 

Ann, 312 

Elinor, 391 

Isabelle, 319 

John, 312, 391 

Margaret, 321, 329 

Mary, 282 

Nicholas, 312, 426 
Read, Charles, 247 

John, 224 

Sarah, 247 

William, 356 
Redemptioners, 74-75, 77, 99-102, 

Reed, Elizabeth, 347 

Mary, 316 
Rees, Jane, 420 

John, 413, 420 
Reeves, John, loi 

William, 431 
Reford {^sre Raford), Lewis, 230 
Religious causes of emigration, 42- 

Removal, the certificate of, S4-85 
Rents, high, a cause of emigration, 

Reports favorable to Penn'a returned 
to Ireland, by ministers and 
others, M-60 j by letters, 60- 
Restrictions on manufacture and com- 
merce, a cause of emigration, 
I Revolution of 1689, 29 
Revolutionary War, attitude of 

Friends in, 231-235 
Revolutionary taxes and fines, 233- 
I 235 

Reynolds, Henry, 158, 236 
Richards, Elizabeth, 323 
I Thompson, 131 

I William, 324 

Iiuii- \ 

Kiclinriliion, Aniic, li)l 
Alice, ,JI<; 
('Hlliniinr. \hU 
lilwiiiil, 111"; 
liiiililul, i()'i;. tv^ 

Iitiir M , <>l Miiyiitluii IJotl^c, 

Cilfoi.l. Ilrlilliti, .15 
Jonatltiin, Kfi, ,(1 [ 
Jciliii, \in 
liiliii (iriilili, )| 
l.iiwrriKC, Kil, 153 
Mnry, J07, jdy, 4.ji 

I'ntlrtur, a(>7 ),(K 

Willii j(j(i 

KidHc, Alirc, yji 

I'riuu'lfi, 26(1 
Kilcy, TliniiriH, 165 
Kiiliinsoii fiiiiiily, (1$ 

( iilliiitiiir, 215 

l''li-ni)iir, J4J 

I'li/iilirlli, 93, 3K9 

liiiiK iH, 1)3, 3K1), 3<;o 

••i"H:<-, 315, \\i 

Jdliii, 305 

IdHriili, \il 

I'litru'k, 2K1, \,V,i) 

Kclicccii, 3^4, 342 

KiiIk'iI, 40K, 401) 

VVilljiini, 2 (II, ii>5, 306 
KdliCMiti, Anilirw, 2H1 
Kuliiuin liiiiiily, y\2 

('iiliiiiiinc, 322 

I-riii.(i», 86; 313, 319, 320, 392, 

Jni<il>, 323 

)"'"'. J23, 394 

KiKli, 36(< 
Kolicilii, Aiiiic, 264 

Aulircy, 42" 

Ivli/lllirlll, 370 

I liiriiiuli, 278 

J«"e. 393 

ir>lin, 370 
Inry, 2<>4 
Kohetl, 287, 393 
KoKrr, 2<i\ 
Kiilli, 420 
Sariili, 370, 393 
Kocliford, l;ciiiii«, 54, III, 378-279 

KiK'lir<ir<l, (irnce, 279 

Miiry, 27c) 

Willlnm, .-78 
KnUpni, Anilii-w, 1(18 

(liilnly, 4(11), 4IU 

l''li/iilirlli, 151, 399, 4<>y 

t'liinii'i, 151 

I Miller. 41(1 

|<iliri, 4(>i>, 4 lo 

Krhr<'i.-n, 1(18 

l'r(rr, 410 
Uoiikr, (iniiKr, 79, 396 

'i'huiimH, 290 
KoMr, Jtunrn, 30! 

|<iliii, (ni 

Diiiiniti, 301 
Kinn liiniily, 3114 

AlrHHiiiIrr, 178, 304 

AihIicw, J31; 

I >r. I liiiiiilloii, 43a 

Kil liiiiil, 402 
Kolhr, I'.li/nlii'lli, 432 

Kil liaiil, 432 
Kowiiti, W'llliitiii, ij!4 
Kiiwliiiiil, Miiiy, l|l, 132, 133, 


Kmlii-I, SSS 
Kiilli, 32(1 
'I lioinnii, 333 
Kiidiliiik, I'ili/iiliclli, lUx 
Siiinli, 174 

KlIllKrll fiiliiilv, (14, 371) 

Aiiiiii, 289 

i'illr.iilictli, 393 

(JrrKory, 331 

loliii, 292, 331, jOy, 370 

Mnry, 292 

MIrllllrl, 139 

Siinuiinit, 292 
Kullril|{i-, Williiiiii, 133, 133 
Kiilly, lir. Jiiliii, /2i IiI«'MS. of 
I\i\e ttiul /'iii^^teit of tltr 
t,>iiiikrri ill /itliiiiJ, 280 
Kutlcr, SniriucI, 376 

CADSIIUKY MrrllfiH. l'''l 
'-^ Siiiliiliiiiy Miiiillily Mrcllii|{, 162 
Snillt-r, Kirliiiril, 174 
Hiilkriil, Jiiliii, iiiiiiinlcr, 219 
ShikIIiiiiii, l.lciiliiiniit Kiiljcrt, liO' 
coincn It (.liiukcr, 30 



Sandwith, Elizabeth, 294 

Samuel, 293 

Sarah, 294 

William, 293, 294, 388 
Sarson, I'rancis, 393 
Saul, John, 303 
Scarlett, Phebc, 337 
Schofield, Joseph L., 370 
Schools, 235 

Scotch country of Ireland, 34 
Scotch-Irish Friends, 35-36 
Scotch-Irish squatters in Faggs Man- 
or, Chester County, 145 
Scott, John, 425 
Seal, Joseph, 164 

Theodate, 164, 165 
Seale, Hindrance, 393 
Seaton, Alexander, a Scotch- Irish 
Friend, 36, 360 

Ruth, 356, 360 
Sedgwick, Marj', 371 
Selection of land affected by ties of 

kin and friendship, 189 
Selford, Robert, loi 
Servants, Indented, see Redemption- 

Settlement, Cromwellian, 10-12 
Settlement, Places of, 105-116 
Shackamaxon Meeting, 107 
Shanks, Thomas, 234 

Shank, , 235 

Sharmon, Robert, 66 
Sharp family, 179, 333-335 

Anthony, 383, 384, 385 

Isaac, 385 

James, 296 

John, 132, 133, 134, 136, 333, 

Joseph, 131, 132, 133, 124, 
142, 229, 325, 329 

Mary, 296 

Samuel, 142 

Thomas, 383-384 
Shar])less, Abraham, 351 

William, 334 
Sharply, Abigail, 119 

Adam, 1 19 

Ijenjamin, 1 19 

Charily, 119 

Rachel, 119 

Ralph, 1 19 

Sharply, William, 119 
Shaw, Hannah, 408 

James, 354 

John, 398 

Martha, 330, 354 

Moses, 295 

Samuel, 354 
Sheldon, Elea/.er, 393 
Shepherd or Sheppard family, 358- 


Benjamin, 372 

Jane, 174 

John, 174, 183-184, 358, 372 

Mary, 372 

Richmunday, 172, 174 

Solomon, 176, 183, 35S, 359, 
361, 372, 399 

Thomas, 372 

William, 174, 372 
Shewin, liarbara, 316 
Shipley, William, 121 
Shippen, Ann, 245-247 

Eldward, 245-247 
Sicklemore, Captain James, becomes 

a Quaker, 20 ; 24 
Siddall, Adam, 405 
Siddon, Ezekiel, 277 
Sidj;wick, Mary, 369 
Sidwell, Job, 377 
Sietman, Cierlrude, 395 
Simcock, 145 

John, 115 
Simpson, George, 314 
Sinton, Jacob, 367, 427 

Sarah, 427 

William, 427 
Shars;lt, ship, 69, 04, 95 
Skull', Edward, 2S2 
Sleigh, Joseph, 307 
Sleight, Joseph, 353 
Sloan, Ann, 86, 87, 41 1, 412 
Sloss, Elizabeth, 402 
Slycer, Thomas, 424 
Small Capital of Immigrants, 188 
Smallwood, Joseph, 256 

Sarah, 256 
Smcdley, Samuel L. , 64 
Smith family, 406 

ISaltzer, 402 

Elizabeth, minister, visits Ire- 
land, ig-20 



Smith, Francis, 12S 

James, 161, 345, 360, 427 

Jane, 360 

John, of Burlington, N. J., 1 43, 


John Jay, 247 

John, of Chester County, 211 

John, 228-237, 335, 345 

Katharine, 345 

Lydia, 335 

Margaret, 326 

Mary, 345, 429 

Rebecca, 367, 427 

Robert, 360, 421 

Rose, 345 

Samuel, the historian, I26 

Sarah, 295 
Snowcroft, Adam, 295 

Ann, 295 
Social Intercourse, 208 
Social Life of the Irish Quakers, 

Softly, Fergus, 313, 408, 409 
Southward movement of Quakerism 

from Pennsylvania, 177-179 
Spangler, Rudolph or Rudy, silver- 
smith, of York, 202 
Spencer, Nathan, 373 
Spicer, Mary, 386 

Samuel, 386 
Spotswood, Andrew, 431 
Squire, Thomas, 393 
Squibb, Mary Ann, 404 
Staise, Michael, 313 
Stalford, Thomas, 390 
Stalker, Hugh, 306 
Stamper, Bridget, 317 

Hugh, 313, 317 

Judith, 317 
Stanfield family, 179 

Jane, 356 

Samuel, 356 
Stanford, Margaret, 14, 393 

Thomas, 14, 393 
Stanhope, Sir John, 374 
Starky, Catharine, 309 

Nicholas, 393 

Thomas, 3.S4 
Starr family, 179, 32S-329 

Ann, 348 

Deborah, 211, 309, 341 

Starr, Isaac, 334, 339, 352 

James, 64, 65, 131, 132, 133, 

«36. 137, 139, 142,154,155. 
195, 196, 211, 236, 394 
Jeremiah, 1 42, 211, 236, 341, 

34S, 350, Z(>o, 369 

John, 340 

Mary, 334, 352 

Merrick, 352 

Moses, 65, 109-110, 155, 341 

Phebe, 352 

Rebecca, 211, 304, 348, 349 
Statistics of migration, 81-82 

of settlement, lo6 
Steady, William, 324 
Stedman, Joseph, 115 
Stedham, Elizabeth, 363 
Steel, James, of land office, 145 
Steer family, 178, 179,364-365 

Catharine, 295, 366 

Isaac, 160, 228, 295, 364 

Joseph, 353 

John, 160, 228, 354 

Mary, 295 

Nicholas, 160-161, 171, 378 

Richard, 295 

Ruth, 295, 364 
"Stenton," home of James Logan, 

Stephens, Guian, 281 
Stephenson, James, 298 

John, 298 
Sterling, Jane, 371, 378 

John, 399 
Stevenson, Elizabeth, 174 

James, 425 
Stewart, Alexander, 322 

Charlotte, 397 

John, sea captain, 92 

Mary, 322 
Steyningor Stenning, Manor of, 127- 

I30> 132 

Stockdale, Jane, 270 
Ruth, 270 

William, 119, 281 ; sketch of, 

Stoding, Major, Governor of Kin- 
sale, 22 

Story, Thomas, visits Ireland in 1716, 
36, 246-247 

Strangman, Mary, 393 



Strettell family, 263-264 

Amos, 218, 263, 264, 266, 267 

Ann, 267 

Experience, 263 

Frances, 267 

Hugh, 263 

John, 267 

Mary, 263 

Robert, sketch of, 263-267 

Susanna, 431, 432 

Thomas, 263 
Strickland, Miles, 290 

Thomas, 300 
Stroud, Elizabeth, 315 
Suffering of Friends in Ireland, sta- 
tistics of, 44 
Swarthmore Hall, 22-23 
Swayne, Francis, 211 
Sweethen family, 425 
Swett, lienjamin, 120 
Swinney, Miles, 353 

"pAGART, John, 297 
A Mary, 297 
Talbot, Colonel, 316 
Tanger, Agnes, 396 
Tanner, John, 282 

Margaret, 334 

William, 134 
Tarbut, Allen, 170 
Tate, Katharine, 314 
Taylor, Abiah, 306 

Bayard, 347 

Deborah, 306 

Dr., 217 

Frances, 96 

Henry, 420 

Isaac, deputy surveyor of Chester 
County, 141, 217 

James, 354 

Jane, 404 

John, surveyor, 131, 145 

Joseph, 404 

William, 290, 337, 420 

Philip, 314 
Temple, Sir John, 374 
Temporary Home near Landing 

Place, 188 
Thackara family, 387 

Esther, 382 

Thomas, 382, 383, 384, 387 

Thelwall, Jennet, 420 
Thirkeld, John, 410 
Thomas, Eli, 397 

Elizabeth, 420 

Hannah, 420 

John, 132, 133, 170, 404 

Jonah, 170 

Rachel, 397 

Richard, 420 
Thompson, Ann, 384 

Capt. Thomas, 431 

Edward, 303 

Edward, 329 

Israel, 86, 87, 411, 412 

James, 316 

Ralph, 149, 150 

Robert, 420 
Thombury, Edward, 34I 
Thome, Dorothy, 291 
Thorton, Joseph, 77 

Samuel, 77 
Threwecks, Robert, lOI 
Thwayts, Judith, 307 
Tiffin, John, minister, visits Ire- 
land, 17 
Tithes and other ecclesiastical dues, 

causes of emigration, 43 
Todd, Ann, 336 

Deborah, 331 

John, 331, 336 
Tomlinson, William, 340 
Too, John, 327 
Toppcn, Thomaz, 317 
Tough, James, 425 
Toughkenamon Hill line, 132-133 
Toughkenamon, origin of name, 134 
Toulerton, Thomas 425 
Townsend, Richard, 112 
Trafford, Thomas, 27S, 385 
Trimble or Tremble family, 377 

James, 37 1 

Joseph, 377 

William, 310 
Trotter, Peg, 94 
Truman, John, 349 

Ruth, 302 

'Iliomas, 349 

William, 349 
Turner, Abraham, 261 

Ann, 292 

Elizabeth, 261, 292 



Turner, Jacob, 292 
Jane, 292 
John, 292 
Lucy, 292 

Martha, lol, 260, 261 
Mary, 257, 261, 281, 364 
Robert, 53, 54, 55, 60; his re- 

demptioners, 101 ; wardrobe 

of, 204 ; sketch of, 257-262; 

277, 279, 281, 307, 312 
Samuel, 292 
Sarah, 292 
Thomas, 292 
Tyler, Catherine, 316 
Tyrconnel, Earl of, becomes Lord 

Lieutenant of Ireland, 28 

UNDERWOOD, Alexander, 168, 
172, 174, 402, 406, 419 

Elihu, 41S, 419 

Jane, 172 

John, 402 

Olive, 172 

Richard, 172 

Ruth, 172, 402 

Samuel, 1 68 

Sarah, 174, 402, 419 

William, 168, 169, 172, 402 
Unthank, Samuel, 409 
Updegraff, Harman, 177 

Joseph, 177 

Mary, 335 

VALE, John, 404 
Robert, 402, 404, 422 
Sarah, 404 
William, 404 
Valentine family, 350-351 
John, 72 
Mary, 69, 70, 79 
Robert, 154, 1 55, 281 
Thomas, 67, 70, 98, 79, 1 54, 

Vance, Elizabeth, 376 

William, 86, 87, 376, 411, 416, 
Varman family, 353 

Abigail, 353, 365 

Grace, 365 

Hattiel, 160, 161, 343, 353, 365 

Henry, 353 

Mary, 343, 344 

Vaston, John, 309 
Vendues, 224 
Verner, David, 29I 

Samuel, 291 
Vernon, Randall, 1 15 

Robert, 115 

Thomas, 1 15 
Vessel, A favorite, 94 
Vest, John, 281 
Vickers, Mary, 302 
Virginia, Irish Friends in, 42 
Voyage, Dangers of, 92-93 

WAANKIN Anne, 168 
Wade, Robert, IIO, III, 1 13 

Wainhouse, Martha, 75, 330, 338 
Wainwright, Thomas, 393, 410 
Walby, John, 292 

Susanna, 292 
Walhay, Ruth, 397 
Walker, Benjamin, 170, 418, 421 

John, 394, 418 

Mary, 313 

Sarah, 332 

Thomas, 323 
Wallis, James, 342 
Walter, John, 326 

Martha, 326 
War, 231-235 
Ward, Susanna, 402, 419 

Philip, 337 

William, 402 
Warr or Ward, Rebecca, 305 
Warden, John, 334 
Warming-pan, 199 
Warren, Elizabeth, 264, 281 

Joshua, 264, 281 

Rev. J., 432 

Sarah, 264, 281, 432 

William, 432 
Warrington Meeting, 168-172 

Monthly Meeting, 162 
Watson, Joshua P., 40I 

Samuel, 64, 292 

Susanna, 286 
Wastwood, Julianna, minister, visits 

Ireland, 18 
Watts, Sarah, 277 
Waves of Migration, 83 
Way, Mary, 397, 405 

Moses, 371 



Way, Sarah, 325 

Ways and Means of Migration, 84- 

Welsh, Susanna, 261 

the widow, 125 

William, 261 
Welcome, ship, III 
Weldin, Ann, 304 
Wells, John, 417 
Wethereld i^iee Wederall) Rebecca, 


Robert, 417 
West, Joseph, 342 
West Nottingham, 159 
Westward movement of Quakerism, 

177, iSo-iSs 
\\Tialy, Ann, 410 

George, 410 
Whartenby, Elizabeth, 306 
Wexford, battle of, 10 
Weaver, Thomas Dell, 308 
Weatherby, John, 392 
Webb family, 295 

Ann, 366 

Ezekiel, 45, 117 

James, 306 

James, 357 

Richard, 117 

Roger. 3'3. 317. 3«9. 323. 409 

Ruth, 295 

William, 306, 321 
Wederall, Thomas, 313 
Weddings, 209-2 1 5 
Wheddon, Elizabeth, 151 

Henrj', 151 
Whinery family, 184, 345, 346, 

Elinor, 426 

John, 426 

Matthew, 425 

Robert, 167, 226, 345 

William, 400 
Wliitaker, Katharine, 357 

William, 341 
Whitall, John, 387 
\\Tiite, John, 54 

Joseph, 3S2 

Robert, 341 

Samuel, 64, 382 
Whitefield, Alice, 31 1 
Whitehead, Edward, 174 

Whitsite, Whitsilt, or Whitside, 
Elizabeth, 430 

George, 366 

Jean, 429 

John, 86, 87, gS, 362, 366, 
411, 412 

Joseph, 365, 432 

Mary, 366 

Susanna, 431 

William, 316, 326, 393, 394, 
420, 431 
Whitten, William, 329 
Wicklow, Hannah, 426 
Wickersham, Abner, 404 

Alice, 211 

Edward, J., 404 

Jesse, 167 

John, 404 

Lydia, 404 

Richard, 168, 419 

Susanna, 404 

Thomas, 126, 21 1 

William, 366 
Widdos, Abraham, 309 
Wierman, Gertrude, 172,395 

Hannah, 172, 395 

Henry, 172 

John, 172 

Mar)', 397 

Nicholas, 172 

Phebe, 395 

Priscilla, 172, 174 

Sarah, 172, 174 

Susan, 397 

William, 172, 395 
Wigs, 203-204 
Wight, Rice, 22 

Thomas, first historian of the 
Irish Quakers, 93, 284 
Wilcocks, Issachar, 296 

Sarah, 296 
Wild Animals, 207 
Wildman, Joseph, 348 

Mary, 348 
Wilkinson family, 370-371, 373 

Ann, 319, 370 

Elizabeth, 171, 348, 371 

Evan, 154, 370 

Francis, 154. 171, 230, 370, 

373. 430. 432 
James, 373 



Wilkinson, Joseph, 154, 371 

Mary, 430 

Ruth, 299 

William, 230, 394, 430, 432 

Thomas, 171, 311, 393 

Samuel, 97, 160, 230, 377, 394 
Wily or Wiley, Abigail, 211, 339 

Ann, 289, 339 

Allen, 332 

Hannah, 334 

Jane, 332, 347 

John, 132, 133, 135, 136, 211, 

332. zzz. 341 

Joseph, 211, 340 

Martha, 211 

Mary, 209, 212, 341 

Robert, 332 

Sarah, 339 

Thomas, 332 

William, 332, 334, 339, 394 
Williams family, 424 

Alice, 313 

Anne, 378 

Daniel, 235, 314 

Enion, 424 

Jacob, 169 

John, 410, 424 

Joseph, 349 

Martha, 349 

William, 313, 420 

Zacharias, 37S 
Williamson, Alice, 409 

John, 425, 427 

Sarah, 318, 427 

William, 409, 426 
Willis, Betty, 331 

Elizabeth, 3S5 

Henry, 331, 385 

William, 177 
Wills, James, 397 

Judge David, 397 

Ruth (j,?£' Walhay), 397 
Wilmington Meeting, ?.nd Monthly 

Meeting, 121-122 
Wilson family, 178, 310-311,397 

Alice, 397 

Christopher, 124, 333 

Esther, 333 

George, 176, 310 

Helen Gertrude, 433 

John, 174, 282, 310, 360, 410 

Wilson, Joseph, 433 

Mary, 282 

Margaret, 348 

Michael, 174 

Robert, 353 

Ruth, 310 

William, 167 

Thomas, 85, 171, 341, 369, 379 
Winder, Elizabeth, 381 
Windle, Anne, 357 

Francis, 357 

Mary, 357 
Winter, Daniel, 174, 176, 379 

John, 425 

Mary, 361 
Witherow, John, 233 
Wolf, Paul, 282 
WoUaston, Ann, 324 

Joshua, 324 
WoUsy, Ellen, 410 
Women, Work of, on Farm, 206 
Wood, Elizabeth, 387 

Ellen, 290 

James, 301 

Jonathan, 3S2 

Joseph, 290 

Mary, 174 

Richmunday, 372 

Sarah, 290 
Woodcock, Robert, 292 

Ruth, 302 
Woodrow, Simon, 41 7 
Woodward, John, 334 

Esther, 333 
Work on Farm, 205-206 
Worrall, Peter, 165 
Worrilow, Marj', 308 
Worsley, Daniel, 236 

Sarah, 2IO, 211 
Worthington, Robert, 303 

Samuel, 303 
Wright family of Adams Co., Pa., 
350, 394-398 

Alice, 311, 313 

Ann, 352, 391 

Benjamin, 352 

Elizabeth, 174, 31 1, 381 

Hannah, 340 

Isaac, 352 

Jacob, 335 

James, 210 



Wright, Jane, 391 
Joel, 399 
John, 162, 174, 176, 227, 311, 

313. 331. 335, 394 
Judith, 346 
Mark, 307, 312, 313, 320, 323, 

350. 391 
Mary, 277, 331 
Nathan, 174 
Patience, 335 
Rowland, 350 
Sarah, 311, 405 
Sismore, 350, 356 
William, 174 
Wynne, Thomas, 278 

Yamall, Peter, travelling minister, 

Phebc, 399 

Rachel, 212 
Yearly Meeting, 221 
Yearsley, Elizabeth, 314 

John, 314 
York County, 162-177 

Meeting, 176-177 
Young, Jane, 1 74 

William, 174 
Youngblod, Jacob, 165 
Yuruns, Alexander, 390 
Zane family, 385 

Robert, 383, 38s, 386 

Errata and Addenda 47; 


Pages 32-33. John Folhergill, a Quaker minister of Yorkshire, notes in 
his_/<)ttrn<j/that in I724he " went toCoothill . . . and lodged with Terrence 
Cayle, who with his Wife are of the native Irish, yet had received the Knowl- 
edge of the Truth [of Quakerism] in the love of it, and I hope will continue 
to grow therein." — Page 211, Journal of John Fothergill, London, 1753. 

Page 89. Line 19, /7j6, not /76J. 

Page no. Line 2, in, not into. 

Page 164. Footnote 2, line 2, Robert, not Rodbert. 

Page 171. Footnote, for ancestor renA probably an ancestor. 

Page 173. Footnote 4. Menallen was doubtless so named by the early 
Irish Quaker settlers at that place in memory of Monallen (Edmundson, 
Journal, 28S ; Siory, Journal, 5jS)» riow called Moyallon Meeting, in 
County Down, Ireland. 

Page 176. Line I, after Assembly, a comma, not a period. 

Page 211. Second column of signers, fifth name, Ruti, not RntA. 

P^e 219. Line 3, Fothergill, not Folhervill. 

Page 240. Side-note, 7699, not i6i)0. 

Page 250. Last line, Fuller, not Duller. 

Page 266. Footnote 2, next last line, Frances, not Francis. 

Page 314. Footnote 2, Miss Margaret Gilpin, of Elkton, Cecil Co., Md. 

Page 323. Last line, Sharpley, not Sharpy. 

Page 327. Line II, John Miller and Mary Agnew were married in 
1691. — Ulster Friends' Records. 

Page 330. Last line, Thomas Hutton and Sarah Sterky were married 
in 1684. — Ulster Friends' Records. 

Page 333. Line 8, William Willy and Sarah Hunter were married in 
16S5. — Ulster Friends' Records. 

John Wyly and Margaret Courtney were married in 1690.^ — Ibid. 

Page 343. Line 2, Walter Clark and Elizabeth Haddock were married 
in 1690. — Ulster Friends' Records. 

Page 348. Line 9, Eli Crockett and Agnes Knox were married in 1683. 
— Ulster Friends' Records. 

Page 355. Line 7, Thomas Milhouse and Sarah Perry were married in 
1691. — Ulster Friends' Records. 

Page 371. In 1691, Francis Wilkinson and Frances Moore [daughter 
of James Moore, of Ballinacree] were married by Friends' ceremony. — 
Ulster Friends' Records. 

Page 420. First signer to George Marsh's certificate, Robert Greer, 
not Green. 

Page 432. Line 7, Frances Moore married Francis Wilkinson. (See 
page 371.) 


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